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  • Brombal, Luca
    et al.
    Univ Trieste, Dept Phys, Via A Valerio 2, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;SIMT, I-34127 Empoli, Italy..
    Arfelli, Fulvia
    Univ Trieste, Dept Phys, Via A Valerio 2, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;SIMT, I-34127 Empoli, Italy..
    Brun, Francesco
    SIMT, I-34127 Empoli, Italy.;Univ Trieste, Dept Engn & Architecture, Via A Valerio 10, Trieste, Italy..
    Di Trapani, Vittorio
    Univ Trieste, Dept Phys, Via A Valerio 2, I-34127 Trieste, Italy..
    Endrizzi, Marco
    UCL, Dept Med Phys & Biomed Engn, Gower St, London GWC1E 6BT, England..
    Menk, Ralf H.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and Electrical Engineering (2023-). SIMT, I-34127 Empoli, Italy.;Elettra Sincrotrone Trieste SCpA, Basovizza Trieste, Italy..
    Perion, Paola
    Univ Trieste, Dept Phys, Via A Valerio 2, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;SIMT, I-34127 Empoli, Italy..
    Rigon, Luigi
    Univ Trieste, Dept Phys, Via A Valerio 2, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.;SIMT, I-34127 Empoli, Italy..
    Saccomano, Mara
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Helmholtz Pioneer Campus, Ingolstadter Landstr 1, D-85764 Neuherberg, Germany..
    Tromba, Giuliana
    Elettra Sincrotrone Trieste SCpA, Basovizza Trieste, Italy..
    Olivo, Alessandro
    UCL, Dept Med Phys & Biomed Engn, Gower St, London GWC1E 6BT, England..
    Edge-illumination spectral phase-contrast tomography2024In: Physics in Medicine and Biology, ISSN 0031-9155, E-ISSN 1361-6560, Vol. 69, no 7, article id 075027Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Following the rapid, but independent, diffusion of x-ray spectral and phase-contrast systems, this work demonstrates the first combination of spectral and phase-contrast computed tomography (CT) obtained by using the edge-illumination technique and a CdTe small-pixel (62 mu m) spectral detector. A theoretical model is introduced, starting from a standard attenuation-based spectral decomposition and leading to spectral phase-contrast material decomposition. Each step of the model is followed by quantification of accuracy and sensitivity on experimental data of a test phantom containing different solutions with known concentrations. An example of a micro CT application (20 mu m voxel size) on an iodine-perfused ex vivo murine model is reported. The work demonstrates that spectral-phase contrast combines the advantages of spectral imaging, i.e. high-Z material discrimination capability, and phase-contrast imaging, i.e. soft tissue sensitivity, yielding simultaneously mass density maps of water, calcium, and iodine with an accuracy of 1.1%, 3.5%, and 1.9% (root mean square errors), respectively. Results also show a 9-fold increase in the signal-to-noise ratio of the water channel when compared to standard spectral decomposition. The application to the murine model revealed the potential of the technique in the simultaneous 3D visualization of soft tissue, bone, and vasculature. While being implemented by using a broad spectrum (pink beam) at a synchrotron radiation facility (Elettra, Trieste, Italy), the proposed experimental setup can be readily translated to compact laboratory systems including conventional x-ray tubes.

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  • Bergström, Sara
    et al.
    Trafikverket.
    Grönlund, Thomas
    Trafikverket.
    Karlsson, Linus
    Trafikverket.
    Lingestål, Irene
    Trafikverket.
    Lundberg, Ann-Kristin
    Trafikverket.
    Modén, Maja
    Trafikverket.
    Sjölund, Karin
    Trafikverket.
    Andersson, Jessica
    WSP.
    Faith-Ell, Charlotta
    WSP.
    Svensson, Jörgen
    WSP.
    Miljöbedömning och miljöbeskrivning i väg- och järnvägsprojekt: Vägledning2022Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna vägledning förmedlar Trafikverkets syn på hur de båda processerna miljöbedömning och miljöbeskrivning bör tillämpas i planläggning och projektering av väg- och järnvägsprojekt, med utgångspunkt från lagkrav, praxis och Trafikverkets erfarenheter. Den tar även upp innehållet i de båda dokumenten miljökonsekvensbeskrivning och miljöbeskrivning som kommer ut av de båda processerna. Vägledningen syftar till att bidra till integrering av miljöaspekter i planläggning och projektering av vägar och järnvägar samt till en god kvalitet på genomförande och redovisning. Den syftar även till att miljöbedömningar och miljöbeskrivningar ska genomföras på ett likartat sätt i hela Trafikverket och få en jämn kvalitet.

     Vägledningen riktar sig främst till Trafikverkets konsulter och egna miljöspecialister som gör miljöbedömningar och miljöbeskrivningar i Trafikverkets väg- och järnvägsprojekt. Vägledningen ersätter Trafikverkets Handbok om metodik för miljökonsekvensbeskrivning för vägar och järnvägar (Trafikverket 2011:090). Den ersätter också texter om MKB och miljöbeskrivning i Trafikverkets Rapport planläggning av vägar och järnvägar.

     

    Vägledningen innehåller bland annat:

    • relevant lagstiftning och mål
    • beskrivning om hur miljö integreras samt miljöbedömningens roll och moment i planläggningens olika skeden
    • samråd, samrådsunderlag, utredning om betydande miljöpåverkan och miljökonsekvensbeskrivningens (MKB) innehåll 
    • Trafikverkets syn på hantering av miljöaspekter, behov av att koppla dessa till miljöintressen för vilka konsekvenser beskrivs 

     

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    FULLTEXT02
  • Brehmer, Jana
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism. Högskolan Dalarna, Turismvetenskap.
    Heldt, Tobias
    Högskolan Dalarna, Turismvetenskap.
    Understanding challenges in studying visitor’s compliance to recreational funding models: Lessons learnt from a study of cross-country skiers in Sweden2023Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is the first research output coming out from a newly launched project on Recreational mobility and trails in mountain destinations: Understanding Behavioural insights and New technology in relation to funding systems for high quality trails in a Swedish context, funded by the Swedish KK-foundation. The overall purpose is to analyse prerequisites for funding and management of trails as part of developing nature-based tourist destinations. This specific study looks at the challenge of understanding the consumer behaviour of tourists when it comes to the decision to contribute to trail funding by buying a trail pass and to understand if and how context of resort ownership, other visitors’ behaviour and the social norm, matters for the decision. With a quantitative approach and 346 filled in surveys we are sharing lessons learnt hwo to measure actual behaviour towards criticial questions.

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  • Bejerholm, Ulrika
    et al.
    Håkansson, Anders
    Knutagård, Marcus
    Hillborg, Helene
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences (HOV). Lund University; Region Västernorrland County, Sundsvall.
    Individual Placement and Support for persons with alcohol and drug addiction in a Swedish context (IPS-ADAS): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial2024In: Trials, E-ISSN 1745-6215, Vol. 25, no 1, article id 222Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Employment is a vital source for experiencing well-being and lowering the risk of long-term social marginalisation and poverty. For persons with alcohol and drug addiction, it may also improve sobriety. However, the unemployment situation for this group reflects the knowledge gap in effective interventions to support employment. While Individual Placement and Support (IPS) is recognised as evidence-based supported employment for those with serious mental health problems, no scientific evidence for the target group of addiction exists to date. The aim of the present IPS for Alcohol and Drug Addiction in Sweden (IPS-ADAS) trial is to study whether IPS has an effect on gaining employment for this group. Methods: The IPS-ADAS trial is a multisite, pragmatic, parallel, and single-blinded, superiority randomised controlled trial (RCT). Participants (N = 330) will be randomly assigned (1:1) and participate in IPS plus treatment as usual within Addiction Services (IPS + TAU) or Traditional Vocational Rehabilitation (TVR) available plus TAU (TVR + TAU) for 12 months. The principle of intention-to-treat (ITT) will be applied. The hypothesis is that a significantly larger proportion of IPS + TAU participants will be employed for > 1 day (primary outcome), reach employment sooner, work more hours and longer periods of time, and have a higher income as compared to TVR + TAU participants at 18-month follow-up. We further anticipate that those who benefit from IPS + TAU will use less alcohol and drugs, experience better health, and use less care and support, including support from the justice system, in comparison to TVR + TAU participants, at 6, 12, and 18 months. A supplementary process evaluation, using the IPS Fidelity Scale (25 items) and adhered interviews will address delivery and receipt of the IPS as well as contextual hinders and barriers for coproduction and implementation. Working age (18–65), willingness to work, unemployment, participation in an information meeting about the RCT, treatment for addiction diagnosis, and being financially supported by welfare, constitute eligible criteria. Discussion: A primary study on the effectiveness of IPS on employment for the new target group of addictions will add to the international IPS knowledge base and inform national policy to include the underrepresented group in working life. Trial registration: WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform ISRCTN10492363. Registered on 14 August 2023. 

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  • Cheema, H. A.
    et al.
    Abdul Rab, S.
    Butt, M.
    Jafar, U.
    Shahid, A.
    Rehman, A. U.
    Lee, Ka Yiu
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences (HOV).
    Sahra, S.
    Sah, R.
    Molnupiravir for the treatment of COVID-19 outpatients: An updated meta-analysis2024In: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection, ISSN 1684-1182Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The majority of available data on molnupiravir come from an unvaccinated COVID-19 population. Therefore, we conducted this meta-analysis to integrate evidence from recent randomized controlled trials (RCTs) as well as observational studies stratified by vaccination status to determine the clinical efficacy and safety of molnupiravir in COVID-19 outpatients. Methods: We searched PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, medRxiv, and ClinicalTrials.gov from inception to November 2023. We conducted our meta-analysis using RevMan 5.4 with risk ratio (RR) as the effect measure. Results: We included 8 RCTs and 5 observational studies in our meta-analysis. Molnupiravir reduced the risk of all-cause mortality (RR 0.28; 95% CI: 0.20–0.79, I2 = 0%) but did not decrease the hospitalization rate (RR 0.67; 95% CI: 0.45–1.00, I2 = 53%) in the overall population; in the immunized population, no benefits were observed. Molnupiravir lowered the rate of no recovery (RR 0.78; 95% CI: 0.76–0.81, I2 = 0%) and increased virological clearance at day 5 (RR 2.68; 95% CI: 1.94–4.22, I2 = 85%). There was no increase in the incidence of adverse events. Conclusions: Molnupiravir does not decrease mortality and hospitalization rates in immunized patients with COVID-19. However, it does shorten the disease course and increases the recovery rate. The use of molnupiravir will need to be considered on a case-by-case basis in the context of the prevailing social circumstances, the resource setting, drug costs, and the healthcare burden. 

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  • Zubair, Rabbia
    et al.
    Hamdard Univ Hosp, Dept Surg, Karachi, Pakistan..
    Zulfi, Muhammad Hassan
    Jinnah Postgrad Med Ctr, Dept Orthoped Surg, Karachi, Pakistan..
    Yaqoob, Uzair
    Hamdard Univ Hosp, Dept Surg, Karachi, Pakistan..
    Lee, Ka Yiu
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences (HOV).
    Subcutaneous fibroblastoma resembling hemangioma: A case of benign tumor of the chest wall2024In: Clinical Case Reports, E-ISSN 2050-0904, Vol. 12, no 4, article id e7523Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Key Clinical MessageDesmoplastic fibroma presents similar to other soft tissue tumors to such an extent that even a gold standard investigation can miss.AbstractThis is to report a mass in a 47-year-old male arising from the chest wall, which was first thought to be a hemangioma but was later diagnosed as a case of desmoplastic fibroblastoma with the help of a biopsy. 

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  • Pramanik, P.
    et al.
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Mat Sci & Engn, Box 35, S-75103 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Clulow, R.
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Chem, Angstrom Lab, Box 538, S-75121 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Joshi, D. C.
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Mat Sci & Engn, Box 35, S-75103 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Stolpe, Amanda
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Mathematics, and Science Education (2023-). Uppsala Univ.
    Berastegui, P.
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Chem, Angstrom Lab, Box 538, S-75121 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Sahlberg, M.
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Chem, Angstrom Lab, Box 538, S-75121 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Mathieu, R.
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Mat Sci & Engn, Box 35, S-75103 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Spin glass states in multicomponent layered perovskites2024In: Scientific Reports, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 14, no 1, article id 3382Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Temperature-dependent dc-magnetization and ac-susceptibility curves have been recorded for series of single and double layered Ruddlesden-Popper multicomponent perovskites with chemical formula A2BO4 and A3B2O7, respectively, with (La, Sr) on A-sites and up to 7 different cations on the B-sites (Ti, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu). The phase purity and chemical homogeneity of the compounds were investigated by X-ray diffraction and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Independently of the composition, spin glassiness is observed in both systems. Scaling analyses suggest the materials undergo spin glass phase transitions at low temperatures. Yet, qualitative differences are observed between the single-layered and double-layered systems, which are discussed in the light of the spatial dimensionality and magnetic interaction in layered oxide perovskites.

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  • Leissner, Philip
    et al.
    Uppsala Univ, Akadem sjukhuset, Dept Womens & Childrens Hlth, S-75185 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Held, Claes
    Uppsala Univ, Akadem sjukhuset, Dept Womens & Childrens Hlth, S-75185 Uppsala, Sweden.;Uppsala Univ, Uppsala Clin Res Ctr, Dept Med Sci Cardiol, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Humphries, Sophia
    Uppsala Univ, Akadem sjukhuset, Dept Womens & Childrens Hlth, S-75185 Uppsala, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Rondung, Elisabet
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology and Social Work.
    Olsson, Erik M. G.
    Uppsala Univ, Akadem sjukhuset, Dept Womens & Childrens Hlth, S-75185 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Association of anxiety and recurrent cardiovascular events: investigating different aspects of anxiety2024In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims While elevated levels of anxiety are associated with worse prognosis of cardiovascular disease (CVD), this association may vary between different aspects of anxiety. The aim of this study was to analyse self-reported behavioural, physiological, affective, and cognitive aspects of anxiety and their relation to the risk of recurrent CV events.Methods and results This prospective cohort study utilized data from the U-CARE Heart trial. Participants (N = 935, post myocardial infarction) answered the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS: Anxiety subscale) and the Cardiac Anxiety Questionnaire (CAQ: Fear, Avoidance & Attention subscales). HADS Anxiety reflected physiological aspects, CAQ Fear reflected cognitive and affective aspects, CAQ Avoidance reflected behavioural aspects, and CAQ Attention reflected cognitive aspects of anxiety. Cox regression was used to estimate the risk between anxiety and recurrent major adverse cardiac event (MACE). During the follow-up period (mean 2.9 years), 124 individuals (13%) experienced a specified MACE endpoint. HADS Anxiety and CAQ Total were both associated with increased risk of MACE [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.52, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.15-2.02 and HR = 1.30, 95% CI: 1.04-1.64, respectively]. Among the CAQ subscales, there was support for an association between Avoidance and risk of MACE (HR = 1.37, 95% CI 1.15-1.64), but not for Attention and Fear.Conclusion The results support that anxiety is associated with an increased risk of recurrent MACE in post-myocardial infarction patients. The association between anxiety and risk was strong for the aspects of anxiety relating to behaviour and physiology, while the support for an association with cognitive and affective aspects was lacking. 

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  • Public defence: 2024-05-03 13:00 F229, Östersund
    Pernett, Frank
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences (HOV).
    Hypoxic Blackout in Serial Freediving – Protective Mechanisms and Risk Factors2024Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Breath-hold diving or freediving exposes the body to stressors such as low oxygen and high carbon dioxide levels in the blood, increased hydrostatic pressure, and cold. The reduction in blood oxygen levels is considered a primary factor for loss of consciousness while diving. This is known as hypoxic blackout. My thesis aimed to enhance the understanding of the factors that lead to hypoxic blackout in serial freediving. This includes studying the physiological mechanisms that protect the body against hypoxia and exploring how hyperventilation affects those mechanisms, with a specific focus on repetitive dives. 

    The protective mechanisms, splenic contraction (Studies I, II) and diving bradycardia (Studies II and IV), were tested in experimental conditions. The effect of hyperventilation on simulated serial dives (Study II) was investigated, and a strategy to identify actual hyperventilation during diving was developed and explored (Study III). A static apnea test allowing identification of individuals at particular risk for blackout was developed (Study IV).

    The results showed that hypoxia-induced splenic contraction occurs rapidly enough to be protective in long-duration breath-holds (Study I). Serial simulated dives, preceded by short-term hyperventilation, lead to longer apnea duration and progressive oxygen desaturation (Study II). Despite the more severe desaturation resulting from hyperventilation, these consecutive apneas do not show an augmented diving response or splenic contraction. Hyperventilation was also observed when divers intended to avoid it (Studies II, III, and IV). Therefore, the possibility of estimating hyperventilation from the signal of a force sensor attached to a chest belt was explored (Study III). A stronger diving bradycardia and a bigger spleen were found to be protective against hypoxia and are related to slower oxygen desaturation (Study IV). 

    The main conclusion is that oxygenation is impaired by the accumulation of an oxygen debt when consecutive dives are preceded by hyperventilation. The protective mechanisms, such as splenic contraction and the diving response, are beneficial at the individual level but do not offset the increased risk across a series of dives. However, splenic contraction does offer protection even during the first dive of a series. A chest belt-mounted force sensor could be used to identify when freedivers are hyperventilating. Additionally, a novel static apnea ramp test is effective in identifying freedivers who are at a high risk of faster desaturation during freediving.

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    Thesis Frank Pernett
  • Hagenbo, Andreas
    et al.
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Forest Mycol & Plant Pathol, Uppsala, Sweden.;Norwegian Inst Bioecon Res NIBIO, Dept Forest & Climate, As, Norway.;Norwegian Inst Bioecon Res NIBIO, Dept Forest & Climate, Box 115, N-1431 As, Norway..
    Fransson, Petra
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Forest Mycol & Plant Pathol, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Menichetti, Lorenzo
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Ecol, SE-75651 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Clemmensen, Karina E.
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Forest Mycol & Plant Pathol, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Olofsson, Madelen A.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Science, Design, and Sustainable Development (2023-).
    Ekblad, Alf
    Örebro Univ, Sch Sci & Technol, Örebro, Sweden..
    Ectomycorrhizal necromass turnover is one-third of biomass turnover in hemiboreal Pinus sylvestris forests2024In: Plants, People, Planet, E-ISSN 2572-2611Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Societal Impact Statement Efficient mitigation of climate change requires predictive models of forest ecosystems as sinks for atmospheric carbon. Mycorrhizal fungi are drivers of soil carbon storage in boreal forests, yet they are typically excluded from ecosystem models, because of a lack of information about their growth and turnover. Closing this knowledge gap could help us better predict future responses to climate change and guide policy decisions for sustainable management of forest ecosystems. This study provides new estimates of the production and turnover of mycorrhizal mycelial biomass and necromass. This information can facilitate the integration of mycorrhizal fungi into new predictive models of boreal forest soils. Summary center dot In boreal forests, turnover of biomass and necromass of ectomycorrhizal extraradical mycelia (ERM) are important for mediating long-term carbon storage. However, ectomycorrhizal fungi are usually not considered in ecosystem models, because data for parameterization of ERM dynamics is lacking. center dot Here, we estimated the production and turnover of ERM biomass and necromass across a hemiboreal Pinus sylvestris chronosequence aged 12 to 100 years. Biomass and necromass were quantified in sequentially harvested in-growth bags, and incubated in the soil for 1-24 month, and Bayesian calibration of mathematical models was applied to arrive at parametric estimates of ERM production and turnover rates of biomass and necromass. center dot Steady states were predicted to be nearly reached after 160 and 390 growing season days, respectively, for biomass and necromass. The related turnover rates varied with 95% credible intervals of 1.7-6.5 and 0.3-2.5 times yr-1, with mode values of 2.9 and 0.9 times yr-1, corresponding to mean residence times of 62 and 205 growing season days. center dot Our results highlight that turnover of necromass is one-third of biomass. This together with the variability in the estimates can be used to parameterize ecosystem models, to explicitly include ERM dynamics and its impact on mycorrhizal-derived soil carbon accumulation in boreal forests.

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  • Larsson, Anna-Karin L.
    et al.
    Olsson, Helén
    School of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Strand, Susanne J. M.
    School of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Challenges and opportunities in collaborative approaches to responding to intimate partner violence: insights from social workers and police in Sweden2024In: Journal of Social Work Practice, ISSN 0265-0533, E-ISSN 1465-3885Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study explores the opportunities and challenges of collaboration experienced by social workers and police officers when dealing with cases of intimate partner violence (IPV) and stalking. The study aims to examine their collaborative approaches in risk assessment and risk management by identifying the structures, supports, and foundations crucial for effective collaboration. Our data, collected from twelve interviews and one focus group interview with social workers and police officers, reveals that collaboration was facilitated by assigning specific roles to involved parties, proximity, structure and professionalism. These key factors emerged as crucial and contributing to the effectiveness of the collaborative efforts. Practitioners should consider integrating these key elements into their practices to enhance and improve collaboration when addressing cases of IPV and stalking. The study underscores the need for a well-defined framework and support structures to optimise the collaborative response to such complex and sensitive issues.

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  • Johansson, Roine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences.
    The assembling process of outsider volunteers during disasters2024In: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, E-ISSN 2212-4209, Vol. 106, article id 104408Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a disaster context, researchers have observed volunteerism since the 1950s, and since then thefield has been under continuous development. However, despite the long tradition and the number of studies carried out, theoretically informed research on emergent groups is largely lacking.The aim of the present study is to investigate, and interpret theoretically, the assembling process,i.e., the formation of emergent groups of outsider volunteers at a disaster site, by means of a casestudy. The assembling process in unofficial disaster response operations occurs as a largely unplanned result of social interaction. However, our results show that such emergence is not onlyspontaneous but preconditioned by the structures of social life as well. Local networks, access toresources and trust were all of significant importance in order to understand the assemblingprocess of disaster volunteers

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  • Lundberg, T. R.
    et al.
    Tucker, R.
    McGawley, Kerry
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences (HOV).
    Williams, A. G.
    Millet, G. P.
    Sandbakk, Ø.
    Howatson, G.
    Brown, G. A.
    Carlson, L. A.
    Chantler, S.
    Chen, M. A.
    Heffernan, S. M.
    Heron, N.
    Kirk, C.
    Murphy, M. H.
    Pollock, N.
    Pringle, J.
    Richardson, A.
    Santos-Concejero, J.
    Stebbings, G. K.
    Christiansen, A. V.
    Phillips, S. M.
    Devine, C.
    Jones, C.
    Pike, J.
    Hilton, E. N.
    The International Olympic Committee framework on fairness, inclusion and nondiscrimination on the basis of gender identity and sex variations does not protect fairness for female athletes2024In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 34, no 3, article id e14581Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The International Olympic Committee (IOC) recently published a framework on fairness, inclusion, and nondiscrimination on the basis of gender identity and sex variations. Although we appreciate the IOC's recognition of the role of sports science and medicine in policy development, we disagree with the assertion that the IOC framework is consistent with existing scientific and medical evidence and question its recommendations for implementation. Testosterone exposure during male development results in physical differences between male and female bodies; this process underpins male athletic advantage in muscle mass, strength and power, and endurance and aerobic capacity. The IOC's “no presumption of advantage” principle disregards this reality. Studies show that transgender women (male-born individuals who identify as women) with suppressed testosterone retain muscle mass, strength, and other physical advantages compared to females; male performance advantage cannot be eliminated with testosterone suppression. The IOC's concept of “meaningful competition” is flawed because fairness of category does not hinge on closely matched performances. The female category ensures fair competition for female athletes by excluding male advantages. Case-by-case testing for transgender women may lead to stigmatization and cannot be robustly managed in practice. We argue that eligibility criteria for female competition must consider male development rather than relying on current testosterone levels. Female athletes should be recognized as the key stakeholders in the consultation and decision-making processes. We urge the IOC to reevaluate the recommendations of their Framework to include a comprehensive understanding of the biological advantages of male development to ensure fairness and safety in female sports. 

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  • Hagevi, Ossian
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology and Social Work.
    Olsson, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology and Social Work.
    Jansson, Billy
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology and Social Work.
    The psychological wellbeing within the veterinary profession in Sweden2024In: Journal of Workplace Behavioral Health, ISSN 1555-5240, E-ISSN 1555-5259Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The veterinary profession seems to be particularly affected by mental health problems than other occupational groups, primarily a consequence of exposure to various sources of psychological distress that is common within the profession (e.g., euthanasia administration, and client interactions). This article is the first to investigate the association between work-specific factors and wellbeing in the veterinary profession in Sweden. A cross-sectional survey sampled 280 (256 females) Sweden-registered veterinarians and nurses (235 veterinarians, 45 veterinary nurses). Multiple platforms and methods were used to increase diversity and inclusiveness in the sample. In this study, we investigated the associations between psychological wellbeing by including variables from several studies that have previously been associated with decreased wellbeing within the veterinary profession in order to get a more comprehensive picture of factors that may contribute to increased risk of mental illness. Results showed that, after adjusting for the influence of psychosocial working environment factors, except for variables related to euthanasia which were not associated with decreased wellbeing, measures indexing difficult client interactions were, on the other hand, associated with decreased wellbeing. Thus, negative experiences from client interactions suggest that these could be candidates for the development and maintenance of poor wellbeing among individuals within the veterinary profession. This research can potentially assist in designing more targeted intervention studies and serve educational purposes for both staff and future professionals. 

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  • Schneider, Sören
    et al.
    Goetze, Marco
    Krug, Silvia
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and Electrical Engineering (2023-). IMMS Institut für Mikroelektronik- und Mechatronik-Systeme gemeinnützige GmbH.
    Hutschenreuther, Tino
    A Retrofit Streetlamp Monitoring Solution Using LoRaWAN Communications2024In: Eng, ISSN 2673-4117, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 513-531Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ubiquitous street lighting is essential for urban areas. While nowadays, LED-based “smart lamps” are commercially available, municipalities can only switch to them in the long run due to financial constraints. Especially, older types of lamps require frequent bulb replacements to maintain the lighting infrastructure’s function. To speed up the detection of defects and enable better planning, a non-invasively retrofittable IoT sensor solution is proposed that monitors lamps for defects via visible light sensors, communicates measurement data wirelessly to a central location via LoRaWAN, and processes and visualizes the resulting information centrally. The sensor nodes are capable of automatically adjusting to shifting day- and nighttimes thanks to a second sensor monitoring ambient light. The work specifically addresses aspects of energy efficiency essential to the battery-powered operation of the sensor nodes. Besides design considerations and implementation details, the paper also summarizes the experimental validation of the system by way of an extensive field trial and expounds upon further experiences from it.

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  • Landstad, Bodil J
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences (HOV). Levanger Hospital, Nord-Trøndelag Hospital Trust, Levanger, Norway.
    Kvangarsnes, Marit
    Hole, Torstein
    Walderhaug, Nancy
    Strand, Aasta Marie Sveino
    Municipal Acute Bed Units as a Health Service Innovation—A Qualitative Study2024In: Journal of Health Management, ISSN 0972-0634, E-ISSN 0973-0729Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The growing number of older individuals with complex needs and chronic illnesses is a major challenge to the health sector. This has led to a transfer of responsibilities from specialist to the primary healthcare sector. The aim of the study was to explore how healthcare professionals experience setting up and operating a municipal acute bed unit (MAU) in primary healthcare. Three focus groups of health professionals were recruited through purposeful sampling in 2019, and the 10 participants came from different professions. The study has a qualitative design with a hermeneutic approach. The findings identified three themes: (a) Strategic planning and coordinated services, (b) collaborative practice and learning and (c) flexible and family-centred care. The healthcare personnel experienced strengthened quality in the health services, improved work processes and increased safety for patients with relevant diagnoses. The interplay between internal and external factors seems to have been a successful innovation in planning and implementing an MAU in a medical facility in Mid-Norway. We assessed that being prepared for challenges is an important part of innovation in health services. The presence of an ‘inherent capital’ to meet unforeseen challenges in the future should be a prerequisite for innovation.

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  • Hrovat, B.
    et al.
    Uurasjärvi, E.
    Viitala, M.
    del Pino, A. F.
    Mänttäri, M.
    Papamatthaiakis, N.
    Haapala, Antti
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Mathematics, and Science Education (2023-). University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu.
    Peiponen, K.
    Roussey, M.
    Koistinen, A.
    Preparation of synthetic micro- and nano plastics for method validation studies2024In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 925, article id 171821Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Microplastic (MP) pollution is a persisting global problem. Accurate analysis is essential in quantifying the effects of microplastic pollution and develop novel technologies that reliably and reproducibly measure microplastic content in various samples. The most common methods for this are FTIR and Raman spectroscopy. Coloured, standardized beads are often used for method validation tests, which limits the conclusions to a very specific case rarely observed in the natural environment. This study focuses on the preparation of reference micro- and nanoplastics via cryogenic milling and shows their use for FTIR and Raman method validation studies. MPs can now be reproducibly milled from various plastics, offering the advantages of a better representation of MPs in real environment. Moreover, this study highlights issues with the current detection methods, up to now considered as the most reliable ones for MP detection and identification. Such issues, e.g. misidentification, will need to be addressed in the future. Additionally, milled MPs were used in experiments with commercial high-resolution imaging device, enabling a possible in-situ optical detection of microplastics. These experiments represent a step forward in understanding MPs in a water sample and provide a basis for a more accurate detection and identification directly from water, which would considerably reduce the time of analysis. 

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  • Öhman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    En revisionsverksamhet i omvandling2023Report (Other academic)
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  • Kvarnlöf, Linda
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences.
    Eriksson, Kerstin
    RISE.
    Filling the void: Rural disaster volunteerism during the Swedish wildfires of 20182024In: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, E-ISSN 2212-4209, Vol. 105, article id 104393Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the summer of 2018, both fire and rescue services and volunteers fought against the extensive wildfires that spread over the northern parts of Sweden. The challenges were many and one of the most obvious was the lack of resources provided by the state, both material and human. This lack of official resources, together with the long distances that characterize the rural northern parts of Sweden, have been highlighted in subsequent evaluations as one of the main reasons for the widely spread fires. The lack of official resources in itself can be understood as a consequence of several years of dismantling and centralization of the Swedish fire and rescue service. However, the responses from the local community were enormous. Local volunteers, spontaneous as well as organized, assisted in firefighting; in providing food and services; in offering shelter for evacuated, and many other things. In disaster research, volunteer activities have often been described as something that “fills the void” when official resources are scarce. This seems to be particularly true in rural contexts. This paper applies a critical perspective on rural disaster volunteerism by framing it as an expression of rural vulnerability and peripheralization: as something that is performed as a compensatory act in rural communities affected by social dismantling. In other words, both place and politics are central in understanding rural voluntary activity. Inspired by the theoretical concept geographies of voluntarism, this paper argues that people make sense of volunteer initiatives in relation to both the place where these activities take place and in relation to the power relations associated with this place. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to explore how rural disaster volunteerism intersects with structural conditions of rurality. 

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  • Grahn, Jonas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences.
    The Johnson-Forest Tendency, radicalising Gunnar Myrdal's American Dilemma2024In: RACE & CLASS, ISSN 0306-3968, E-ISSN 1741-3125Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the studies that influenced US policies on race and integration the most after the second world war is Gunnar Myrdal's An American Dilemma from 1944. At the time of publication, it received much praise from leading intellectuals, including W. E. B. Du Bois and the novelist Richard Wright. In this article, however, the author explores a neglected Marxist critique of Myrdal's work by Raya Dunayevskaya, who then worked closely with C. L. R. James and Grace Lee Boggs in the Johnson-Forest Tendency (JFT). In addition to criticising Myrdal's liberal position, the JFT developed a critique of class reductionist Marxists. Hence, this article examines the JFT's critique of Myrdal's An American Dilemma as a resource to advance further Marxist debates on the relationship between race and class today.

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  • Margaryan, Lusine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    THE HANSA Cultural Routes of the Council of Europe: Independent expert report2024Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    THE HANSA European Cultural Route (hereafter THE HANSA) is among the oldest, largest, most well-organized and active Cultural Routes of the Council of Europe (CoE). Based on the shared heritage of the Hanseatic League, the nearly two hundred members of this route cultivate intercultural communication, cross-border cooperation, local self governance, commitment to the principles of democracy and sustainable development of Europe. With its active youth wing youthHANSA, the route engages young Europeans in acquiring and further developing the aforementioned principles and values. The highlight of the network is organization of the International Hanseatic Days – a massive festival organized every year since 1980 in various member cities, which is a celebration of common culture and heritage, as well as a political, economic and cultural forum. Overall, this is a highly valuable and appreciated network, dedicated to preservation and cultivation of important European heritage. 

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  • Marras, A.
    et al.
    Klujev, A.
    Lange, S.
    Laurus, T.
    Pennicard, D.
    Trunk, U.
    Wunderer, C. B.
    Krueger, H.
    Graafsma, Heinz
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and Electrical Engineering (2023-). Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, Hamburg, Germany; Center for Free-Electron Laser Science CFEL, Hamburg, Germany.
    Development of the Continuous Readout Digitising Imager Array detector2024In: Journal of Instrumentation, E-ISSN 1748-0221, Vol. 19, no 3, article id C03006Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The CoRDIA project aims to develop an X-ray imager capable of continuous operation in excess of 100 kframe/s. The goal is to provide a suitable instrument for Photon Science experiments at diffraction-limited Synchrotron Rings and Free Electron Lasers considering Continuous Wave operation. Several chip prototypes were designed in a 65 nm process: in this paper we will present an overview of the challenges and solutions adopted in the ASIC design. 

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  • Jong, Mats
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences (HOV).
    Stub, Trine
    Jong, Miek C.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences (HOV). The Arctic University of Norway, UiT, Tromsø, Norway.
    Supporting Personal Growth in Childhood, Adolescent and Young-Adult Cancer Survivors Through Challenges in Nature — A Qualitative Study of WAYA Wilderness Programme Participation2024In: Global Advances in Integrative Medicine and Health, ISSN 2753-6130, Vol. 13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Childhood, adolescent and young-adult (AYA) cancer survivors often experience health problems due to late or long-term effects of their cancer or the treatment thereof. The general population gains health benefits from immersion in nature, and nature-based programmes seem to be an intervention that can promote health among childhood and AYA cancer survivors. Objective: To explore the impact of the WAYA wilderness programme on the health of childhood and AYA cancer survivors. Methods: The study had a qualitative approach, with data from individual interviews (n = 18) 3 months after completion of the WAYA programme. In addition, case report data was collected during follow-up talks (1, 2 and 12 months after the programme) (n = 19). The WAYA programme consisted of an 8-day expedition, followed 3 months later by a 4-day base camp. The programme included activities such as hiking, backpacking, kayaking, rock climbing, bushcraft and mindfulness. Data was analysed according to a qualitative content analysis. The consolidated criteria for reporting qualitative research (COREQ) were followed. Results: An overarching theme was identified: “Personal growth from challenges in nature supported by deep connections with others”. In 4 additional themes, participants’ experiences describe how deep personal connections arose, as they developed a feeling of being able and competent in nature. Nature provided a space that supported relaxation and respite from everyday challenges and stimuli, which also led to an experience of being more connected to nature. Conclusion: The WAYA programme was experienced as being of support to childhood and AYA cancer survivors. The programme provided them with skills and tools to be safe in nature. When connected to nature, the participants developed trust and self-confidence, personal growth, relaxation and recovery from stress. Their engagement in outdoor activities continued after completion of the programme, when they returned to everyday life at home.

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  • Ma, M.
    et al.
    Zhao, S.
    Long, T.
    Song, Q.
    Holmberg, Hans-Christer
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences (HOV).
    Liu, H.
    Comparative Analysis of the Diagonal Stride Technique during Roller Skiing and On-Snow Skiing in Youth Cross-Country Skiers †2024In: Sensors, E-ISSN 1424-8220, Vol. 24, no 5, article id 1412Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Roller skiing is one primary form of training method as it is an off-snow equivalent to cross-country (XC) skiing during the dry land preseason training, but the results could only be applied to on-snow skiing with appropriate caution. The aim of this present study was to investigate the similarities and differences in roller skiing and on-snow skiing with the diagonal stride (DS) technique. Six youth (age: 14.3 ± 2.9 years) skiers participated in this study. Two high-definition video camcorders and FastMove 3D Motion 2.23.3.3101 were used to obtain the three-dimensional kinematic data. The cycle characteristics and joint angle ROM of the DS technique while skiing on different surfaces were similar. Almost all joint angle–time curves that were obtained from roller skiing showed a moderate-to-high degree of similarity to the angle–time curves obtained from on-snow skiing, except the hip adduction–abduction angle. The differences between roller skiing and on-snow skiing were mainly found in the body and calf anteversion angles, and the joint angles at critical instants. DS roller skiing can simulate DS on-snow skiing to a large extent in youth athletes. The hip movement, knee flexion, and calf anteversion at ski/roller ski touchdown and take-off, pole inclination at pole touchdown, body anteversion angle, and trunk anteversion angle at pole touchdown were the points that required caution when transferring preseason practice roller skiing to on-snow skiing. 

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  • Gallo, Vincenzo
    et al.
    Shallari, Irida
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and Electrical Engineering (2023-).
    Carratù, Marco
    Laino, Valter
    Liguori, Consolatina
    Design and Characterization of a Powered Wheelchair Autonomous Guidance System2024In: Sensors, E-ISSN 1424-8220, Vol. 24, no 5, article id 1581Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The current technological revolution driven by advances in machine learning has motivated a wide range of applications aiming to improve our quality of life. Representative of such applications are autonomous and semiautonomous Powered Wheelchairs (PWs), where the focus is on providing a degree of autonomy to the wheelchair user as a matter of guidance and interaction with the environment. Based on these perspectives, the focus of the current research has been on the design of lightweight systems that provide the necessary accuracy in the navigation system while enabling an embedded implementation. This motivated us to develop a real-time measurement methodology that relies on a monocular RGB camera to detect the caregiver’s feet based on a deep learning method, followed by the distance measurement of the caregiver from the PW. An important contribution of this article is the metrological characterization of the proposed methodology in comparison with measurements made with dedicated depth cameras. Our results show that despite shifting from 3D imaging to 2D imaging, we can still obtain comparable metrological performances in distance estimation as compared with Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) or even improved compared with stereo cameras. In particular, we obtained comparable instrument classes with LiDAR and stereo cameras, with measurement uncertainties within a magnitude of 10 cm. This is further complemented by the significant reduction in data volume and object detection complexity, thus facilitating its deployment, primarily due to the reduced complexity of initial calibration, positioning, and deployment compared with three-dimensional segmentation algorithms. 

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  • Bartoli, E.
    et al.
    Wadji, D. L.
    Oe, M.
    Cheng, P.
    Martin-Soelch, C.
    Pfaltz, Monique C.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology and Social Work.
    Langevin, R.
    Perceived Acceptability of Child Maltreatment as a Moderator of the Association Between Experiences of Child Maltreatment and Post-Traumatic Symptoms: A Cross-Cultural Study2024In: Journal of Interpersonal Violence, ISSN 0886-2605, E-ISSN 1552-6518Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the well-documented link between child maltreatment (CM) and mental health, evidence suggests substantial variability in the post-traumatic sequelae of CM across cultures. The perceived acceptability of CM in one’s community might moderate the association between CM and mental health, but little research has been conducted on it so far. This study examined how the perceived acceptability of CM may influence the relationship between CM experiences and post-traumatic symptoms in individuals from four different continents and if the pattern of associations is the same across countries. We recruited a sample of 478 adults from Cameroon (n = 111), Canada (n = 137), Japan (n = 108), and Germany (n = 122). We administered online questionnaires and performed multiple group moderation analyses for total CM, neglect, physical abuse, emotional maltreatment, sexual abuse, and exposure to domestic violence (DV). A significant positive main effect of CM on post-traumatic symptoms was found in the overall sample and in Cameroon; in Germany, only neglect and emotional maltreatment were positively associated to post-traumatic symptoms. Moderation effects were identified; the perceived acceptability of neglect in Cameroon and Germany and of exposure to DV in Cameroon had a dampening effect on the relationship between CM experiences and post-traumatic symptoms. Our findings confirm that CM experiences entail long-term post-traumatic sequelae that can vary across cultures and CM subtypes and further our understanding of this issue by showing that the perceived acceptability of CM may be an understudied moderator. 

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  • Wen, Z.
    et al.
    Pace-Schott, E. F.
    Lazar, S. W.
    Rosén, J.
    Åhs, Fredrik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology and Social Work.
    Phelps, E. A.
    LeDoux, J. E.
    Milad, M. R.
    Distributed neural representations of conditioned threat in the human brain2024In: Nature Communications, E-ISSN 2041-1723, Vol. 15, no 1, article id 2231Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Detecting and responding to threat engages several neural nodes including the amygdala, hippocampus, insular cortex, and medial prefrontal cortices. Recent propositions call for the integration of more distributed neural nodes that process sensory and cognitive facets related to threat. Integrative, sensitive, and reproducible distributed neural decoders for the detection and response to threat and safety have yet to be established. We combine functional MRI data across varying threat conditioning and negative affect paradigms from 1465 participants with multivariate pattern analysis to investigate distributed neural representations of threat and safety. The trained decoders sensitively and specifically distinguish between threat and safety cues across multiple datasets. We further show that many neural nodes dynamically shift representations between threat and safety. Our results establish reproducible decoders that integrate neural circuits, merging the well-characterized ‘threat circuit’ with sensory and cognitive nodes, discriminating threat from safety regardless of experimental designs or data acquisition parameters. 

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  • Sztuk-Dambietz, J.
    et al.
    Rovensky, V.
    Klujev, A.
    Laurus, T.
    Trunk, U.
    Ahmed, K.
    Meyer, O.
    Möller, J.
    Parenti, A.
    Raab, N.
    Shayduk, R.
    Sikorski, M.
    Ansaldi, G.
    Bösenberg, U.
    Luis, L. M.
    Muenich, A.
    Preston, T. R.
    Schmidt, P.
    Stern, S.
    Bean, R.
    Madsen, A.
    Gelisio, L.
    Hauf, S.
    Gessler, P.
    Wrona, K.
    Graafsma, Heinz
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and Electrical Engineering (2023-). Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, Hamburg, Germany.
    Turcato, M.
    Operational experience with Adaptive Gain Integrating Pixel Detectors at European XFEL2024In: Frontiers in Physics, E-ISSN 2296-424X, Vol. 11, article id 1329378Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The European X-ray Free Electron Laser (European XFEL) is a cutting-edge user facility that generates per second up to 27,000 ultra-short, spatially coherent X-ray pulses within an energy range of 0.26 to more than 20 keV. Specialized instrumentation, including various 2D X-ray detectors capable of handling the unique time structure of the beam, is required. The one-megapixel AGIPD (AGIPD1M) detectors, developed for the European XFEL by the AGIPD Consortium, are the primary detectors used for user experiments at the SPB/SFX and MID instruments. The first AGIPD1M detector was installed at SPB/SFX when the facility began operation in 2017, and the second one was installed at MID in November 2018. The AGIPD detector systems require a dedicated infrastructure, well-defined safety systems, and high-level control procedures to ensure stable and safe operation. As of now, the AGIPD1M detectors installed at the SPB/SFX and MID experimental end stations are fully integrated into the European XFEL environment, including mechanical integration, vacuum, power, control, data acquisition, and data processing systems. Specific high-level procedures allow facilitated detector control, and dedicated interlock systems based on Programmable Logic Controllers ensure detector safety in case of power, vacuum, or cooling failure. The first 6 years of operation have clearly demonstrated that the AGIPD1M detectors provide high-quality scientific results. The collected data, along with additional dedicated studies, have also enabled the identification and quantification of issues related to detector performance, ensuring stable operation. Characterization and calibration of detectors are among the most critical and challenging aspects of operation due to their complex nature. A methodology has been developed to enable detector characterization and data correction, both in near real-time (online) and offline mode. The calibration process optimizes detector performance and ensures the highest quality of experimental results. Overall, the experience gained from integrating and operating the AGIPD detectors at the European XFEL, along with the developed methodology for detector characterization and calibration, provides valuable insights for the development of next-generation detectors for Free Electron Laser X-ray sources. 

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  • Johansson, Maria
    et al.
    Hartig, Terry
    Frank, Jens
    Flykt, Anders
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology and Social Work.
    Vulnerability and fascination with wildlife encounters and psychological restoration in local natural settings2024In: Human Dimensions of Wildlife, ISSN 1087-1209, E-ISSN 1533-158XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    People often visit natural settings for recreation and psychological restoration. This study aims to improve understanding of how exposure to and experiences of mammalian wildlife in local natural settings can permit and promote recreation and restoration. Randomly sampled residents in three regions of Sweden (N = 303) with varying presence of fear-relevant species (wolf, wild boar) and fear-irrelevant species (roe deer, squirrel) completed a questionnaire. Squirrel and roe deer were rated significantly higher than wolf and wild boar for anticipated positive feelings and restoration outcomes, and significantly lower for negative feelings and avoidance of natural settings. The possibility of exposure explained little of the variation in the restoration variables, whereas the experiences anticipated with an animal encounter contributed substantially to explanation. Vulnerability seems to counteract the restorative benefit of fascination. Wildlife conservation efforts and public health initiatives may find practical utility in distinguishing between potential exposure and anticipated experience when designing interventions. 

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  • Bäckström, Ingela
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Communication, Quality Management, and Information Systems (2023-).
    Ingelsson, Pernilla
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Communication, Quality Management, and Information Systems (2023-).
    Mårtensson, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Communication, Quality Management, and Information Systems (2023-).
    Snyder, Kristen M.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Communication, Quality Management, and Information Systems (2023-).
    Quality in preschools through systematic quality work – a principal’s perspective2024In: Quality Assurance in Education, ISSN 0968-4883, E-ISSN 1758-7662, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 257-273Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore existing and desired methodologies for systematic quality work to promote quality in preschools from the principal’s perspective. Design/methodology/approach: A collaborative approach was used in this research project, and principals were asked to complete portfolio assignments. Their answers to those portfolio assignments were analysed by the research team and subsequently compared to total quality management values. Findings: Existing and desired methodologies for systematic quality work are presented and sorted into 13 and 17 groups, respectively. The principals desire four times more methodologies than they are presently using to promote systematic quality work, and the results show that they must extend their methodologies to support TQM values. Research limitations/implications: This research is based on answers collected from 18 principals in one municipality in Sweden. Practical implications: The use of the cornerstone model provides a framework to illustrate the application of TQM in preschools. Originality/value: Principals struggle to find time for systemic quality work. The presented results can be used to work systematically with quality in preschools and other organizations. 

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  • Mozelius, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Communication, Quality Management, and Information Systems (2023-).
    Cleveland-Innes, Martha
    Athabasca Univeristy, Canada.
    Håkansson Lindqvist, Marcia
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Education.
    Jaldemark, Jimmy
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Education.
    Critical aspects of a higher education reform for continuous lifelong learning opportunities in a digital era2024In: Electronic Journal of Knowledge Management, E-ISSN 1479-4411, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 26-39Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the knowledge society today, there is a strong need for providing continuous lifelong learning opportunities. Recently, the Covid-19 pandemic has acted as a catalyst for technology enhanced learning, involving new challenges for higher education. The main focus for this study has been the ongoing reform of higher education for providing lifelong learning opportunities. This study is the second phase of a Delphi study on higher education reform. Data were gathered by email interviews with an expert panel, where all respondents have genuine knowledge in the field of technology enhanced lifelong learning. The interview answers were analysed according to the Grounded Theory concepts of open coding and axial coding.   The central main category for the axial coding was ‘Higher education reform for the provision of lifelong learning opportunities. This category was later found to be dependent on ‘Infrastructure’, ‘Multimodal delivery’, ‘Pedagogical change’, ‘Financial aspects’, and ‘Quality and organisation’, ‘Digital literacy’, ‘Accessibility’, and ‘Equity, diversity and inclusion’.

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  • Lindblom, Hampus
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences (HOV).
    Pernett, Frank
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences (HOV).
    Schagatay, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences (HOV).
    Holmström, Pontus
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences (HOV).
    Effect of exercise intensity and apnea on splenic contraction and hemoglobin increase in well-trained cross-country skiers2024In: European Journal of Applied Physiology, ISSN 1439-6319, E-ISSN 1439-6327Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The human spleen acts as a reservoir for red blood cells, which is mobilized into the systemic circulation during various conditions such as hypoxia and physical exertion. Cross-country (XC) skiers, renowned for their exceptional aerobic capacity, are regularly exposed to high-intensity exercise and local oxygen deficits. We investigated a putative dose-dependent relationship between splenic contraction and concomitant hemoglobin concentration ([Hb]) elevation across four exercise intensities in well-trained XC skiers. Fourteen male XC skiers voluntarily participated in a 2-day protocol, encompassing a serial apnea test and a VO2max test (day 1), followed by three submaximal exercise intensities on a roller skiing treadmill corresponding to 55, 70, and 85% of VO2max (day 2). Spleen volume was measured via ultrasonic imaging, and venous blood samples were used to determine [Hb] levels. Baseline spleen volume was similar (266(35) mL) for all conditions (NS). Notably, all conditions induced significant splenic contractions and transient [Hb] elevations. The VO2max test exhibited the most pronounced splenic contraction (35.8%, p < 0.001) and a [Hb] increase of 8.1%, while the 85% exercise intensity led to 27.1% contraction and the greatest [Hb] increase (8.3%, < 0.001) compared to baseline. The apnea test induced relatively smaller responses (splenic contraction: 20.4%, [Hb] = 3.3%, p < 0.001), akin to the response observed at the 70% exercise intensity (splenic contraction = 23%, [Hb] = 6.4%, p < 0,001) and 55% (splenic contraction = 20.0%, [Hb] = 4.8%, p < 0.001). This study shows a discernible dose-dependent relationship between splenic contraction and [Hb] increase with levels of exercise, effectively distinguishing between submaximal and maximal exercise intensity.

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  • Cisneros-Molina, Jose Luis
    et al.
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Unidad Cuernavaca, Inst Matemat, Ave Univ s n, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico..
    Menegon, Aurelio
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Mathematics, and Science Education (2023-). Univ Fed Paraiba, Dept Matemat, Joao Pessoa, Paraiba, Brazil..
    Milnor fibration theorem for differentiable maps2024In: Research in the Mathematical Sciences, ISSN 2522-0144, Vol. 11, no 2, article id 19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Cisneros-Molina et al. (Sao Paulo J Math Sci, 2023. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40863-023-00370-y) it was proved the existence of fibrations a la Milnor (in the tube and in the sphere) for real analytic maps f:(Rn,0)->(Rk,0)\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$f:({\mathbb {R}}<^>n,0) \rightarrow ({\mathbb {R}}<^>k,0)$$\end{document}, where n >= k >= 2\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$n\ge k\ge 2$$\end{document}, with non-isolated critical values. In the present article we extend the existence of the fibrations given in Cisneros-Molina et al. (Sao Paulo J Math Sci, 2023. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40863-023-00370-y) to differentiable maps of class Cl\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$C<^>{\ell }$$\end{document}, l >= 2\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\ell \ge 2$$\end{document}, with possibly non-isolated critical value. This is done using a version of Ehresmann fibration theorem for differentiable maps of class Cl\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$C<^>{\ell }$$\end{document} between smooth manifolds, which is a generalization of the proof given by Wolf (Michigan Math J 11:65-70, 1964) of Ehresmann fibration theorem. We also present a detailed example of a non-analytic map which has the aforementioned fibrations.

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