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  • 1.
    Ahmad, Naeem
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    O'Nils, Mattias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Lawal, Najeem
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    A taxonomy of visual surveillance systems2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The increased security risk in society and the availability of low cost sensors and processors has expedited the research in surveillance systems. Visual surveillance systems provide real time monitoring of the environment. Designing an optimized surveillance system for a given application is a challenging task. Moreover, the choice of components for a given surveillance application out of a wide spectrum of available products is not an easy job.

     

    In this report, we formulate a taxonomy to ease the design and classification of surveillance systems by combining their main features. The taxonomy is based on three main models: behavioral model, implementation model, and actuation model. The behavioral model helps to understand the behavior of a surveillance problem. The model is a set of functions such as detection, positioning, identification, tracking, and content handling. The behavioral model can be used to pinpoint the functions which are necessary for a particular situation. The implementation model structures the decisions which are necessary to implement the surveillance functions, recognized by the behavioral model. It is a set of constructs such as sensor type, node connectivity and node fixture. The actuation model is responsible for taking precautionary measures when a surveillance system detects some abnormal situation.

     

    A number of surveillance systems are investigated and analyzed on the basis of developed taxonomy. The taxonomy is general enough to handle a vast range of surveillance systems. It has organized the core features of surveillance systems at one place. It may be considered an important tool when designing surveillance systems. The designers can use this tool to design surveillance systems with reduced effort, cost, and time.

  • 2.
    Imran, Muhammad
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Analysis of Vision systems and Taxonomy Formulation: An abstract model for generalization2011Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Vision systems are increasingly used in many applications including optical character recognition, mechanical inspection, automotive safety, surveillance and traffic monitoring. The current trend in vision systems is to propose solutions for specific problems as each application has different requirements and constraints. There is no generalized model or benchmark, to the best of our knowledge, which can be used for providing generic solutions for different class of vision systems. Providing a generic model in vision systems is a challenging task due to number of influencing factors. However, common characteristic can be identified in order to propose an abstract model. The majority of vision applications focus on the detection, analysis and recognition of objects. These tasks are reduced to vision functions which can be used to characterize the vision systems. In this report, we have analysed different types of vision systems, both wire and wireless, individual vision systems as well as a vision node in a Wireless Vision Sensor Network (WVSN). This analysis leads to the development of a system taxonomy, in which vision functions are considered as characteristics of the systems. The taxonomy is evaluated by using a quantitative parameter which shows that it covers 95 percent of the investigated vision systems and its flow is ordered for 50 percent of the systems. The proposed taxonomy will assist designers to classify their systems and enable researchers to compare their results with a similar class of systems. Moreover, it will help designers/researchers to propose generic architectures for different class of vision systems.

  • 3.
    Kandukuri, Somasekhar Reddy
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Power Control Mechanisms on WARP Boards2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, a number of power control concepts have been studied and implementedeither in simulation or in practice for different communication systems. It is still the case that a great deal of research is being conducted within the area of energyefficient power control mechanisms for future wireless communication networksystems. However, only a limited amount of practical work has been implemented onreal test beds environment. The main goal of this thesis is to propose and develop newprototype Transmit Power Control Mechanisms (TPCM) on WARP (Wireless Open-Access Research Platform) boards for point-to-point communications, which are to bedeveloped and tested in an indoor environment. This work mainly focuses on the automaticpower control nodes, transmission and reception over-the-air. In this thesis, wehave designed and developed TPCM to adjust the power levels on a transmitter nodeby following the feedback (ACK) approach. In this case, the destination (receiver)node always sends the feedback (ACK) to transmitter node during every successfultransmission of message signal and the main focus is on a reduction in the packetloss rate (PLR), an increase in the packet reception rate (PRR) and the capacity ofthe nodes. In this real work, we have developed and measured the results based ontwo functions namely, with and without packet window function power control mechanisms.

    According to the measurements section, both with and without function powercontrol mechanisms proved to have better performances for different tunable parameters.If both functions are compared, then the with window function power controlmechanism was shown to produce better performances than the without windowpower control mechanism and it also converged faster than the without window function.If consideration was given to controlling a reduction in packet loss rate, thenthe with widnow function offered higher performances than those without the windowfunction. In this regard, it was found that the with window function has acheived amaximum packet reception rate than that for the without window function for differenttunable parameters. In relation to the power consumption scenario, it was determinedthat the without window fuction proved to produce energy saving performances thanthe with window function. There are several interesting aspects of the transmit powercontrol mechanisms highlighted in the results and discussion chapter.

  • 4.
    Patancheru, Govardhan Reddy
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Wearable Heart Rate Measuring Unit2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Despite having the numerous evolved heart rate measuring devices and progress in their development over the years, there always remain the challenges of modern signal processing implementation by a comparatively small size wearable device. This thesis paper presents a wearable reflectance photoplethysmography (PPG) sensor system for measuring the heart rate of a user both in steady and moving states. The size and, power consumption of the device are considered while developing, to ensure an easy deployment of the unit at the measuring site and the ability to power the entire unit with a battery .The selection of both the electronic circuits and signal processing techniques is based on their sensitivity to PPG signals, robustness against noise inducing artifacts and miniaturization of the entire measuring unit. The entire signal chain operates in the discrete-time, which allows the entire signal processing to be implemented in firmware on an embedded microprocessor. The PPG sensor system is implemented on a single PCB that consumes around 7.5mW of power. Benchmarking tests with standard heart rate measuring devices reveal that the developed measurement unit (combination of the PPG sensor system, and inertial measurement unit (IMU) developed in-house at Acreo Swedish ICT, and a battery) is comparable to the devices in detecting heart rate even in motion artifacts environment.

    This thesis work is carried out in Acreo Swedish ICT, Gothenburg, Sweden in collaboration with MidSweden University, Sundsvall, Department of Electronics Design. This report can be used as ground work for future development of wearable heart rate measuring units at Acreo Swedish ICT.

  • 5.
    Santosh, Golla
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design. Mittuniversitetet.
    HMI Solution between a manual operator and a pump drive based on Smartphones2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the development of modern technology, mobile communications are changing people’s life and making their day to day life activities easier. The aim of this thesis work is to address one of the modern technology solution that simplifies and act as an HMI solution between a pump drive and a operator based on smart phones.

     

    Xylem provides a wide range of pump control units, serving several advanced features includes condition monitoring, cleaning sequence, flow calculation, energy optimizer, sump cleaning and so on. Smart run is a pump control unit, whose parameters installed at wastewater pump stations are possible to monitor and configure physically using keypad or remotely using extension communication  gateway, which is a costly solution for installations and maintenance. So, a simple working prototype HMI solution based on smart phones is interested to see how smart phone can relay information between a pump control and an operator in the vicinity of the pump. 

     

    For this approach a thorough study has been done on different types of smart phones, their trends and different possible wireless communication solutions between  operator’s smart phone  and the pump. An interactive design process with a focus on usability and data representation  on a smart phone application was developed to support their needs and provide a cost effective solution.

    The result showed that this approach has many benefits includes serving as cost effective HMI solution, data monitoring, better alarm monitoring with additional information, enhanced display over Smart Run’s OLED displays, multilingual support, provides easier support services and also useful as a receiver unit for dewatering pumps hardware developed in parallel with this thesis.

    This thesis work is carried out in Xylem Water Solutions AB[1], Stockholm, Sweden in collaboration with Mittuniversitetet[2], Sundsvall, Department of Electronics Design.  This report can be used as groundwork for future development of smart phone applications for Xylem products

    [1]  http://www.xyleminc.com

    [2]  http://www.miun.se

  • 6.
    ZENG, HAOMING
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    FPGA based smart NIR camera2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Road conditions are a critical issue for road users as, if not given sufficient attention, they may threaten users’ lives. The environmental parameters, such as snowy, icy, dry and wet, are important in relation to the condition of roads. This is particularly true in relation to the northern regions and greatest concern should be in relation to snowy and icy situations. In this thesis, a system based on an InGaAs area scan sensor utilizes NIR technology to detect water or ice on the road so as to enable drivers to avoid slippery road conditions. The conditions caused by freezing water on road surface are particularly dangerous and are not easy to observe and it is hope that this project will boost traffic safety. The system is able to assist road maintenance personnel in forecasting and detecting slippery road conditions during winter road maintenance (WRM). The system, which is based on FPGA, has functionalities that display the captured images on an HDMI monitor and send the images to the software on a host PC via the UART protocol. An interface board, which carries the sensor and which connects to the FPGA board, is developed for NIR sensor. VHDL implementation and PC software design are the works included in the project. Besides, this device is exploited utilizing InGaAs image sensor. According to its features, it can be applied in other applications which will also be discussed. Finally, experiments are conducted in order to investigate the system’s operation with the variation of temperature.

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