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  • 1.
    Bostedt, Göran
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Boström, Lena
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Motivation to study: Upper secondary school teachers´and students´views on students´motivation to study2019Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Students’ motivation to study in upper secondary schools

     

     

     

     

    Lena Boström (Professor in Education)

    lena.bostrom@miun..se

    Göran Bostedt (Associate Professor in Political science)

    goran.bostedt@miun.se

     

    Department of Education

    Mid Sweden University

    Sidsjövägen 5

    S- 851 70 Sundsvall

     

                                                        

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Keywords: study motivation, extrinsic motivation, intrinsic motivation, upper secondary school

    Abstract

    In order to increase the number of student who successfully complete upper secondary school, Sweden reformed its upper secondary school system in year 2011. Despite the new system "the throughput is in principle unchanged, which means that approxima­tely every fourth student interrupts his upper secondary studies" (Sveriges elevkårer & Lärarnas Riksförbund, 2015, p 6). The main explanation for this was stated to be a lack of study motivation among students. Some 53 percent of the upper secondary school students reported low study motivation.

    The most important factors for improving students’ motivation are, according to Sveriges elevkårer & Lärarnas Riksförbund, a) the supportive interaction between teacher and student and b) access to student health. This means that both internal and external motivational factors are viewed as important for reaching better study results. Research often highlights internal factors as particularly interesting when focusing students’ study motivation (Wery & Thomson, 2013). However some researchers (Blomberg, 2016: Hugo 2011; Håkansson & Sundberg, 2012) also argue for a broader perspective on the issue of motivation. In order to analyze the lack of motivation to study as the cause of low throughput in upper secondary school, a perspective is thus chosen which not only focuses the individual student but also takes into account both the classroom situation as well as the entire school. International research on student motivation is extensive.  While international research on student motivation is extensive, it is not as prominent in the Swedish educational context (Giota, 2013).

     

    The results of this study are based on empirical data from one of Sweden’s 20 largest municipalities. The municipality was chosen as a result of a decision taken by local politicians to focus raising the students’ motivation to study as a highly prioritized activity for the upper secondary school programs. In 2015, the chosen municipality was, compared to both Swedish municipalities of the same size as well as other municipalities in Sweden, in a troublesome situation in terms of student completion (Skolverket, 2015).

     

    The aim of the study is to describe and analyze what determines student motivation or lack of motivation to study. The research questions are:

    a)      What determines upper secondary school students’ motivation/lack of motivation to study?

    b)      What are teachers’ and students’ perceptions on how to increase students’ study motivation in upper secondary school and reasons/explanations for low study motivation? 

    c)      To what extent is motivation linked to specific course content? 

    d)     To what extent is motivation related to the conditions for the implementation of the course/didactical approaches? 

    e)      How can we understand and describe students’ ambitions or lack of ambitions in relation to acquire the knowledge and skills the programs and its courses are in line with the intentions? 

     

    Students’ study motivation will be analyzed from a perspective where motivation is more about transaction than interaction (Perry, Turner and Meyer, 2006). Motivation should not only be understood as an individual aspects, but also as negotiating meaning in social interaction. Motivation is seen as a process integrated into a larger whole, impossible to separate from learning, individual differences, and the nature of tasks or social context. For these reasons, it is important to analyze and discuss the results in relation to learning and perspectives on knowledge. According to Perry et al. there are strong links between motivation and a) communicated expectations b) clear feedback on results, c) interaction between teacher and pupil and between students, d) positive climate and e) teacher leadership. Students` study motivation will thereby be discussed based on individual characteristics, group dynamics, didactics and learning environments. In other words, we will analyze how both internal and external motivational factors can affect the results.

     

    Since the study focuses on organizational conditions, perceptions of inter-human processes and individual properties, the study has been designed as a case study with an ethnographically inspired approach (Hammersley & Atkinson, 2007). The empirical data is based on 207 students’ responses in a web-survey containing 20 questions about motivation and six semi-structured group interviews with 12 students and 20 teachers. The students and teachers represent four different study programs (Social Science, Social Care, Individual choice and Vehicles and Transport programs). The programs were selected according to the principle of a) constituting a variation in what is theoretically versus practical oriented programs, b) ensuring a reasonable distribution between boys and girls, c) representing a possible variation in pupils with regard to learning strategies and d) representing student groups with different challenges in learning. All participants were informed about the project's objectives and applicable research ethics rules.

    The study is divided into two sub-studies. Sub-study one is based on a quantitative approach. The responses to the different questions in the questionnaire are presented by descriptive statistics with the four study programs divided into separate groups. The data were also analyzed with the help of other statistical methods, such as analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Kruskal-Vallis. The statistical calculations were conducting using SPSS.

    Sub-study two is based on s a qualitative research design, which ca be characterized as a hybrid content analysis (Fereday & Muir-Cochrane 2006), which started initially with deductive analysis, switched to inductive analysis and finally linked with deductive analysis and then switched to an inductive analysis and finally linking the theoretical starting points in the result. Here deductive analysis (theory-driven) means that themes have been determined in advance before the interview material is analyzed, which can be described as themes based on existing theories and research results (Mayring, 2000). The four themes we build the analysis on are the concepts of motivation, motivational strategies, learning environments and other environment. In order to analyze the content of the interviews, an inductive content analysis was used which was based on the interview responses. In other words, the analysis switched to an inductive approach. With the four themes as a basic structure, a categorization matrix was developed and all data were sorted into relevant theme. Based on the results from the two sub-studies, the research questions will be addressed and discussed.

    The statistical data show differences between study programs in terms of positive/negative attitude towards schoolwork, absence from school, expectations on teachers and on results, competitiveness in realizing personal ambitions, support in terms of personal feedback and attitudes towards learning (i.e. learning for exams or learning for knowledge). There are also differences in self-esteem and self-confidence that affect motivation among the students. On the other hand, students tend to appreciate school as an institution, they feel safe being at school and the teachers have legitimacy in the eyes of the students.  

    The results from the interviews indicate that both teachers and students view the complex interplay between results and motivation as an important part of the concept of motivation. Study results affect motivation and vice versa in both a positive and a negative way. Teachers and teachers' leadership are also of great importance for students’ study motivation. Teachers focus their leadership tasks on the importance of knowledge. Students relate to teacher leadership in relation to personal qualities such as being understood and getting support.

    A difference between the two samples, is that teachers emphasize "life skills" in learning such as strategies for purposes, intermediate goals and sense of belonging, whiles students do not ll mention these strategies at all. A category where the perceptions between teachers and students coincide is the importance of well-being and safety in the learning environment and that the class/group/peers represents a motivational source for them. The teachers pointed to the importance of adaptations and smaller groups in the learning environment. The students believed that the external learning environment also played an important role. Regarding the surrounding environment, the two groups mentioned the importance of peers as a motivational factor, either helping to increase or reduce study motivation.

     

    References

    Blomgren, J. (2016). Den svårfångade motivationen: elever i en digitaliserad lärmiljö. (Diss) Gothenburg studies in educational sciences 393

     

    Giota, J. (2013). Individualisering i skolan – vilken, varför och hur? En

    forskningsöversikt. Vetenskapsrådets rapportserie, 3, Stockholm:

     

    Fereday, J. & Muir-Cochrane, E. (2006). Demonstrating Rigor Using Thematic Analysis: A Hybrid Approach of Inductive and Deductive Coding and Theme Development. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, pp 80-92.

    Hammersley, M. & Atkinson, P. (2007).  Ethnography: Principles in practice. New York Routledge,

    Håkansson J. & Sundberg, D. (2012), Utmärkt undervisning: framgångsfaktorer i svensk och internationell belysning. Stockholm: Natur och kultur,

    Illeris, (2015) Lärande. Lund: Studentlitteratur

     

    Mayring,P. (2000). Qualitative Content Analysis. Qualitative Social Research, Vol. 1, No. 2, Art. 20

     

    Perry, N., Turner,J.C.,  & Meyer, D.K  (2006) Student Engagement in the classroom. In Alexander, P., Winne, P. (Eds) Handbook of Edcucational Psychology. Erlbaum

     

    Sveriges elevkårer & Lärarnas Riksförbund, (2015). Från avhopp till examen- så vill skolan utveckla skolan. Retrieved from www.lr.se/download/18.682f72ec14e16f2ff5c7b1ba/1435316342104/Fr%C3%A5n%20avhopp%20till%20examen%20Web.pdf

     

    Wery, J. & Thomson, M. (2013). Motivational strategies to enhance effective learning in teaching struggling students. Support for learning, Vol. 28, pp. 103-108

     

  • 2.
    Bostedt, Göran
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Boström, Lena
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Studiemotivation: En studie av fyra utbildningsprogram vid Sundsvalls gymnasium2019Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 3.
    Boström, Lena
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Sundgren, Marcus
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Digital Visualization Compared toTraditional Teaching in Geometry: -about Students' Results and Attitudes2019Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 4.
    Dahlström, Helene
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Digital writing tools from the student perspective: Access, affordances, and agency2019Ingår i: Education and Information Technologies: Official Journal of the IFIP technical committee on Education, ISSN 1360-2357, E-ISSN 1573-7608, Vol. 24, nr 2, s. 1563-1581Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Along with digital development, new possibilities for communicating have emerged. The younger generation has adopted these new possibilities to a great extent. In order to be able to utilise the opportunities offered by digital tools when writing, access to digital tools is essential. Schools need to develop a writing education that meets students’ contemporary writing needs. In considering this, it is important to learn more about the gains and the losses in digital writing. The purpose of this study was to understand and discuss the relation between students’ digital access, students’ per- ceived affordances with digital writing, and student agency. The methods used were a statistical survey and qualitative interviews. Six classes from five different schools located in a municipality in the middle of Sweden were chosen as an informant group. The results indicate that the most common condition concerning students’ digital access was that students shared digital tools for writing with their families. An analysis of affordances was carried out to interpret the empirical findings from the qualitative data. Affordances that emerged were: write-ability, edit-ability, story-telling ability and accessibility. In addition, the ways in which digital access and the affordances per- ceived can be related to student agency were analysed. The main conclusion was that given the conditions of digital access and opportunities to practice, the affordances of digital writing can increase student agency. In turn, this suggests that writing education that focuses on student agency can contribute to equity in writing activities.

  • 5.
    Dahlström, Helene
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Digitaliseringens betydelse: Elevers textskapande: Del 7 i läslyftsmodulen Digitalt textarbete årskurs 4-92019Övrigt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 6.
    Eriksson, Linda
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Elevinflytande i gränslandet mellan didaktik och makt – en studie av undervisningspraktiken i tre grundskolor2019Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis focuses on student influence in the borderland between didactics and power. Student influence is ambiguous and the mission of student influence can be interpreted in different ways in Swedish compulsory schools. In the school reforms of the 1990s, the intentions of student influence, based on both moral and political as well as theoretical positions were stated. Student influence was seen as a right, as being important for education in democracy, and as a prerequisite for learning. Democracy, knowledge and learning are essentially contested concepts. As a didactic practice student influence cannot be understood as general impact through learning, nor as fully-fledged democracy. The question of the limitations of student influence is described and analysed in the thesis. The aim is to describe and critically analyse student influence as didactic practice. The research questions that have directed the study are: How is student influence expressed in three different schools, where there has been a particular ambition to implement student influence? What prerequisites are given for student influence in the way teaching is organised and carried out?What possibilities and constraints (conditions) appear, from the perspective of didactics and power? A fourth question links together the empirical study with the problem of the limits of student influence: Can a didactic model be designed for student influence as didactic practice, and if so, how? The study was conducted using an abductive approach and strategy, and with a point of departure in critical realism as scientific approach. Three primary schools, with the particular ambition of implementing the mission of student influence, were studied through a multiple case study design. The empirical material was produced using ethnographic methods. The a didactic framework is used for description, whilst a sociological concept of power has contributed to the construction of analytical tools. Using ‘order’ and ‘renegotiation’ as analytic tools, the conditions for student influence on how teaching is organised and carried out, are described. Responsibility and transparency are tested as conditions, in order to answer the question of possibilities and constraints from the perspective of didactics and power. The analysis of teaching practice in the three schools shows that student influence is complex, and that it has to be understood as local bound and situationally. This impacts on the possibility of understanding its limitations. The results show that experiences and interests of students can concern motivating them to work, adapting teaching to different learning styles, or that the teachers pay attention to their expressions to fostering more generally. Furthermore, all models of democracy, and of different approaches to learning and knowledge are visible in the schools. The importance of classroom discussion for student influence needs to be illuminated, and the distinction between didactic considerations, and what could be understood as unwarranted power. The results are discussed in relation to issues of learning theory and curriculum theory, as well as to ideals of democratic education, to understand the limits of student influence. A didactic model, with three conceptual tools that enable repeated questioning of the limits of student influence, is proposed.

  • 7.
    Hellman, Annika
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Lind, Ulla
    University of Arts, Crafts and Design.
    Gendered Interventions: Changes in Visual Art Education in Sweden: Discourses, Practices and Materiality2019Ingår i: Synnyt/Origins. Finnish Studies in Art, ISSN 1795-4843, E-ISSN 1795-4843, nr 2, s. 257-277Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates changes in visual art education through gendered visual, pedagogical and theoretical interventions. The research material is derived from a combination of two independent research projects and examples from published research. The material consists of images and video diary recordings by young people, and researched didactic examples of working with gender in visual art education. Young people’s gendered cultures include a growing vocabulary of gender definitions and ways to ‘perform’ gender. At the same time, everyday life experiences are largely structured around binary gender logics. This article answers questions regarding the ability of visual art education to change and transform stereotyped thinking and the binary oppositions of gender. Analysing visual and verbal material from a post-humanist perspective, the findings suggest that visual art education should engage with the gender problem, and that it has the capability to dissolve gender binaries and stereotypical thinking by facilitating fabulation, imagining, speculation and fantasising about the future. Visual art education seems to benefit from focusing on learning processes that are open-ended and acknowledging the affect and visual desires involved in image making. These are driving forces specific to visual art, which have the potential to differentiate gendered stereotypes.

  • 8.
    Hellman, Annika
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Odenbring, Ylva
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg.
    Playful space invaders: skateboarding intersections and global flows: Lekfulla inkräktare: Intersektioner i skateboard och globala flöden2019Ingår i: World Leisure Journal, ISSN 0441-9057, E-ISSN 1607-8055Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The current article links masculine leisure with bodily performances and playfulness connected to global neoliberal expressions of gender, class and ethnicity. This study draws from an analysis of a skateboard video of young white middle-class men skateboarding in an urban environment in one of Sweden’s greater metropolitan areas. An interview with the young man who created the video was also conducted. The analysis brings together lines of inquiry that concern young males’ playful use of urban space with the articulation of the visual culture of skateboarding as a homosocial, mainly white middle-class practice where bravery and risk-taking are essential articulations. We argue that the skateboarders articulate masculine subjectivity by a complex amalgam of playfulness, risk-taking, colonization of space and the visual style involved in their skateboarding. The construction and presentation of self in the skateboard video are integrated with the quest for individual identity, self-realization and meaning making that pertain to a global entrepreneurial mindset in which mainly white middle-class men are privileged.

  • 9.
    Hrastinski, Stefan
    et al.
    KTH.
    Olofsson, Anders D.
    Umeå Universitet.
    Arkenback, Charlotte
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Ekström, Sara
    Högskolan i Väst.
    Ericsson, Elin
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Fransson, Göran
    Högskolan i Gävle, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Jaldemark, Jimmy
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Ryberg, Thomas
    Aalborgs universitet.
    Öberg, Lena-Marie
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Fuentes, Ana
    Högskolan i Väst.
    Gustafsson, Ulrika
    Umeå Universitet.
    Humble, Niklas
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Mozelius, Peter
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Sundgren, Marcus
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Utterberg, Marie
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Critical Imaginaries and Reflections on Artificial Intelligence and Robots in Postdigital K-12 Education2019Ingår i: Postdigital Science and Education, ISSN 2524-4868, Vol. 1, nr 2, s. 427-445Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It is commonly suggested that emerging technologies will revolutionize education. In this paper, two such emerging technologies, artificial intelligence (AI) and educational robots (ER), are in focus. The aim of the paper is to explore how teachers, researchers and pedagogical developers critically imagine and reflect upon how AI and robots could be used in education. The empirical data were collected from discussion groups that were part of a symposium. For both AI and ERs, the need for more knowledge about these technologies, how they operates, the need for more knowledge about these technologies, how they could preferably be used, and how the emergence of these technologies might affect the role of the teacher and the relationship between teachers and students, were outlined. Many participants saw more potential to use AI for individualization as compared with ERs. However, there were also more concerns, such as ethical issues and economic interests, when discussing AI. While the researchers/developers to a greater extent imagined ideal future technology-rich educational practices, the practitioners were more focused on imaginaries grounded in current practice.

  • 10.
    Håkansson Lindqvist, Marcia
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Conditions for Teaching with Mobile Technology in the School Classroom2019Ingår i: Emergent Practices and Material Conditions in Learning and Teaching with Technologies / [ed] Teresa Cerratto Pargman, Isa Jahnke, Cham: Springer, 2019, s. 69-87Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 11.
    Håkansson Lindqvist, Marcia
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Conditions for Technology Enhanced Learning and Educational Change: A case study of a 1:1 initiative2018Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The uptake and use of digital technologies continues to increase in schools throughout the world. In this thesis, the uptake and use of digital technologies was studied from the student, teacher and school leader perspectives in order to gain knowledge regarding the conditions for Technology Enhanced Learning (TEL) and educational change in K-12 schools. Two schools participating in a One-to-One (1:1) initiative in which teachers and students had their own laptops, were studied. To explore, identify and describe conditions for TEL and educational change, surveys, interviews and classroom observations were used to follow the development of teaching and learning activities over a period of two years. The Ecology of Resources Model was used as a theoretical framework. Regarding the conditions for TEL, the results showed that the uptake and use of digital technologies provided possibilities for new forms of teaching and learning in the 1:1 classroom. Students reported increased motivation, engagement and variation in schoolwork. Teachers described new forms of teaching as well as possibilities for collaboration, sharing of materials and continued professional development. For school leaders possibilities were found in collaboration, administrative support, collaboration and follow-up of students and teachers. The challenges seen from all perspectives were related to use, technical support and optionality. If the possibilities for TEL are to be achieved, there is a need for continued professional development for teachers and school leaders as well as clear directives through policy. If sustainable conditions for TEL and educational change in the 1:1 classroom can be created and maintained, the practical implications may comprise teachers’ improved skills to integrate a thought-through student use of laptops in their teaching practices, thus increasing equality of digital competence between students, between schools and between classrooms in the same school.

  • 12.
    Håkansson Lindqvist, Marcia
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    School leaders' practices for innovative use of digital technologies in schools2019Ingår i: British Journal of Educational Technology, ISSN 0007-1013, E-ISSN 1467-8535, Vol. 50, nr 3, s. 1226-1240Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    School leaders' practices to support the innovative use of digital technologies for teaching and learning and the conditions for technology-enhanced learning were studied in a 1:1 laptop initiative in two schools over a period of 3years in Umea, Sweden. The aim of this paper is to explore, analyze and discuss the possibilities and challenges in the final phase of this 1:1 initiative from the perspective of the school leader. The school leaders saw possibilities in new methods of working, sharing and collaboration, and created a beneficial environment for the use of digital technologies in teaching. The challenges were technical problems, supporting teachers in their work, and finding time to prioritize leadership for the use of digital technologies. How school organizers support school leaders' practices in creating beneficial conditions for technology-enhanced learning will be important for how school leaders' practices support, promote, and advance innovative and sustainable teaching and learning environments through the use of digital technologies.

  • 13.
    Håkansson Lindqvist, Marcia
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Talking about digital textbooks: The teacher perspective2019Ingår i: The international journal of information and learning technology, ISSN 2056-4880, E-ISSN 2056-4899, Vol. 36, nr 3, s. 254-265Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    An increasing amount of students' and teachers' work in the classroom involves digital technologies such as tablets and laptop computers. The purpose of this paper is to gain insight into the possibilities and challenges related to teachers? use of digital textbooks and, through this work, the conditions for technology-enhanced learning (TEL).

    Design/methodology/approach This study was based on interviews with two teachers. In the analysis, The Ecology of Resources Model (Luckin, 2010) was used.

    Findings The findings of this study show that teachers see challenges in finding time to review digital textbooks and support the work with the textbooks in the classroom. However, the teachers in this study prioritize this work, seeing it as providing structure and improved accessibility for students.

    Practical implications The findings of this study point toward the need to support teachers in their work with reviewing and using digital textbooks, as well as other digitalized resources. How schools as organizations can support teachers' activities, both individually and collaboratively, will be important. If this work is supported it may, in turn, have impact on TEL and promoting students' use of digital textbooks and improving student outcomes.

    Originality/value This small study provides interesting insights into how teachers prioritize their work with digital textbooks to, despite challenges related to time, individualize and support students' work with digital textbooks and other digital resources. Research on teachers' use of digital textbooks in practice is limited.

  • 14.
    Håkansson Lindqvist, Marcia
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Gustafsson, Maria
    Umeå University, Umeå.
    Gallego, Gisselle
    Umeå University, Umeå; The University of Notre Dame Australia, Sydney, Australia.
    Exploring physicians, nurses and ward-based pharmacists working relationships in a Swedish inpatient setting: a mixed methods study2019Ingår i: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy, ISSN 2210-7703, E-ISSN 2210-7711, Vol. 41, nr 3, s. 728-733Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background In Sweden there has been limited work investigating the integration and nature of collaborative relationships between pharmacists and other healthcare practitioners. Objective To explore the working relationships of physicians, nurses and ward-based pharmacists in a rural hospital after the introduction of a clinical pharmacy service. Setting General medical ward in a rural hospital in northern Sweden. Method Mixed methods involving face-to-face semi-structured interviews with nurses, physicians and pharmacists, and a physician survey using the Physician-Pharmacist Collaboration Index to measure the extent of physician-reported collaborative working relationships. Main outcome measure Perceptions about collaborative working relationships between physician, nurses and pharmacists. Results All physicians (n = 9) who interacted with the clinical pharmacists completed the survey. The mean total score was 78.6 ± 4.7, total 92 (higher scores represent a more advanced relationship). Mean domain scores were highest for relationship initiation (13.0 ± 1.3, total 15), and trustworthiness (38.9 ± 3.4, total 42), followed by role specification (26.3 ± 2.6, total 30). The interviews (with nurses and physicians), showed how communication, collaboration and joint knowledge-exchange in the intervention changed and developed over time. Conclusion This study provides new insights into collaborative working relationships from the perspectives of physicians and nurses. The Physician-Pharmacist Collaboration Index scores suggest that physicians felt that clinical pharmacists were active in providing patient care; could be trusted to follow up on recommendations; and were credible. The interviews suggest that the team-based intervention provided good conditions for creating new ways to work to achieve commitment to professional working relationships.

  • 15.
    Håkansson Lindqvist, Marcia
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Pettersson, Fanny
    Umeå University, Umeå.
    Digitalization and school leadership: on the complexity of leading for digitalization in school2019Ingår i: The international journal of information and learning technology, ISSN 2056-4880, E-ISSN 2056-4899, Vol. 36, nr 3, s. 218-230Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Digitalization has permeated society and schools. In this process, focus has turned to the importance of school leaders in their leadership for digitalization. The purpose of this paper is to explore how school leaders understand digitalization and the digital competencies needed in leading for digitalization in Swedish schools. Design/methodology/approach: Open questions from reflective learning journals (n=32) and interviews (n=8) conducted with school leaders were used to explore how school leaders understand digitalization and the digital competencies needed in leading for digitalization. Findings: The findings show that school leaders see digitalization as a wide and complex concept including technical, pedagogical, administrational and organizational challenges at all levels of the school organization. Practical implications: It appears that the role of the school leader, as a complex task, has become more complex as a result of digitalization. How time, resources and professional development are made available to support school leaders in their work with leadership for digitalization in order to support teachers’ and students’ learning. Originality/value: This paper contributes to the area of school leadership and digitalization. The research contribution is of interest for school leaders and school organizers striving to implement and advance digitalization in schools. This also concerns the prioritization of digitalization as one of many important areas in schools as organizations.

  • 16.
    Ivarsson, Lena
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    What’s in it for me? - Peer observation of teaching: Experiences from a primary school in Sweden2019Ingår i: International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, ISSN 1694-2493, E-ISSN 1694-2116, Vol. 18, nr 3, s. 128-141Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Peer observations of teaching, POT, is a model for developing teachers to reflect on their teaching practice and discuss their ideas with colleagues. This article contributes to the knowledge of how peer observation of teaching can be used in a primary school as a model to develop teachers’ teaching practices, and highlights the challenges throughout the process. Semi-structured interviews were used for data collection and analyzed by a qualitative content analysis with a deductive approach. The results of the study confirm that peer observation of teaching is, in fact, a useful model for metacognitive improvement of teaching and learning for teachers, provided that some necessary conditions are met, for example transparency in the planning of the process, inclusion of teachers in the decision-making process, and training in the process of providing and receiving feedback.

  • 17.
    Jaldemark, Jimmy
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Eriksson Bergström, Sofia
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Mozelius, Peter
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Orchestrating learning as an emergent practice in the use of location-based games with mobile devices2019Ingår i: Emergent practices and material conditions in learning and teaching with technologies / [ed] Teresa Cerratto Pargman and Isa Jahnke, Cham, Switzerland: Springer, 2019, s. 163-180Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study discusses the inclusion of location-based games and mobile devices in an educational setting that embraces both indoor and outdoor sessions. The study was built on a framework including learning as a social and collaborative phenomenon. Two case units, in terms of a 5th grade Social Science class and a 6th grade Mathematics class, were included in the study. Each case unit embraced an indoor preparing session, an outdoor session including mobile devices and the location-based game Pokémon GO, and an indoor follow-up session. The chapter aims at contributing to the understanding of how students and teachers together, in an emergent practice of orchestrating learning, apply mobile devices and location-based games in their educational setting. From this aim, the following research question unfolds: How could location-based games and mobile devices be applied by students and teachers to orchestrate learning in middle school settings? Data were gathered by semi-structured group interviews and video recordings with 20 students and two teachers. Moreover, documents such as lesson plans were included in the dataset. In the study, it was found that students and teachers participated in a shared and emerging practice of orchestrating learning and teaching. In this practice students and teachers acted as co-designers to orchestrate the application of location-based games and mobile devices in the educational setting. Findings suggest that an orchestration including a combination of a collaborative approach to learning, location-based games and activities that embrace outdoor and indoor sessions has the potential to vitalise and enhance traditional classroom-based education. However, there is not a guarantee that all students will concentrate on the given task, and just as in an ordinary classroom setting, teaching and learning also require careful orchestration. 

  • 18.
    Jaldemark, Jimmy
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Eriksson Bergström, Sofia
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    von Zeipel, Hugo
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för matematik och ämnesdidaktik.
    Westman, Anna-Karin
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för matematik och ämnesdidaktik.
    Wearable technologies as a research tool for studying learning: The application of spy glasses in data collection of children's learning2019Ingår i: Handbook of mobile teaching and learning / [ed] Yu Aimee Zhang, Dean Cristol, Springer, 2019, 2Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter discusses the potential that wearable technologies have for studying and understanding how people learn. In particular, the focus is on how spy glasses can be used as a tool for collecting data from educational situations. The chapter report from two different cases performed by the authors in which spy glasses were used, including considerations made from a methodological point of view. From the first case a conclusion is that spy-glass recording made it possible to closely follow teaching and learning during science labwork and find specific elements not found in video data from ordinary video cameras. The second case reports on valuable information about how the motivation for learning works in young children. Drawing further from these studies, the study elaborate on themes that arise as central to video research: ethics, technology and methodology as well as selection and analysis. The chapter discusses a transformation in how childhood is considered in relation to new technology. Here children are seen as more active and participatory in the shaping of their own childhoods. This can also result in developing new research methods in order to understand and visualise the child’s perspective, and using wearable technologies could certainly be one of these areas. In other words, it is a unique perspective when participants are co-creators of research studies. This implies important future work ahead, developing and applying wearable technologies for education and educational research.

  • 19.
    Jaldemark, Jimmy
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Håkansson Lindqvist, Marcia
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Mozelius, Peter
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Teachers’ beliefs about professional development: Supporting emerging networked practices in higher education2019Ingår i: Networked professional learning: Emerging and equitable discourses for professional development / [ed] Littlejohn, Allison; Jaldemark, Jimmy; Vrieling-Teunter, Emmy and Nijland, Femke, Springer, 2019, s. 147-164Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    During recent decades society has gone through changes related to social and technological development. These changes have impacted higher education. This has led to emerging networked practices that professionals and the organisations they work within need to respond to. An answer to this challenge to higher education is efforts in professional development. This chapter discusses teachers’ beliefs about such professional development. Particularly, it focuses on how networked practices in higher education are supported and fostered by professional development projects. The study was based at a Swedish university and included the dissemination of beliefs of teachers from three different departments that participated in two development projects. The data materials were collected by using semi-structured interviews from a sample of 19 teachers. The results revealed that professional development concerns beliefs on both individual and collective levels. Within these levels teachers related their professional development to both social and technological networks.

  • 20.
    Larsen, Anders
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Samhällskunskapsundervisningens betydelse för åtta högstadieelevers politiska och samhälleliga engagemang och deltagande2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns en vilja från samhällets institutioner att det politiska engagemanget i Sverige ska öka och att detta engagemang, och i förlängningen inflytande, ska vara mer jämlikt fördelat med avseende på kön, ålder, bakgrund, socioekonomisk status och så vidare. Ett jämlikt inflytande kräver att alla ges samma förutsättningar för att engagera sig och i det avseendet kan skolan sägas ha en viktig roll att spela. För att diskutera kring samhällskunskapsämnets betydelse när det gäller ungdomars förutsättningar för ett samhälleligt och politiskt engagemang, deras politiska socialisation, har åtta elever i årskurs nio intervjuats rörande politik, samhälle och samhällskunskap. Samhälleligt och politiskt engagemang kan ta sig uttryck på olika sätt, därför undersöks detta ur tre olika perspektiv, det valdemokratiska, deltagardemokratiska och samtalsdemokratiska demokratiidealet. Studien ger stöd åt uppfattningen att samhällskunskapen lägger (för) stor vikt vid faktakunskaper vilket leder till att ungdomarna är mest förberedda på ett politiskt och samhälleligt engagemang sett ur det valdemokratiska perspektivet som innebär att de är mogna att delta i allmänna val. När det gäller att förbereda ungdomarna på att samtala kring samhälle och politik samt att skapa förutsättningar för ett djupare engagemang och deltagande verkar samhällskunskapsundervisningen lämna mer att önska.

  • 21.
    Littlejohn, Allison
    et al.
    The Open University United Kingdom.
    Jaldemark, Jimmy
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Vrieling-Teunter, Emmy
    The Open University of the Netherlands.
    Nijland, Femke
    The Open University of the Netherlands.
    Networked professional learning: An introduction2019Ingår i: Networked professional learning: Emerging and equitable discourses for professional development / [ed] Littlejohn, Allison; Jaldemark, Jimmy; Vrieling-Teunter, Emmy and Nijland, Femke, Springer, 2019, s. 1-11Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the past decades a new form of professionalism has emerged, characterized by factors of fluidity, instability and continual change (Beck, 2000; De Laat, Schreurs, & Nijland, 2014). These factors diminish the validity of traditional career trajectories, where people would learn the professional knowledge they needed to follow a vocational pathway (Billett, 2001). New forms of professional development that support agile and flexible expansion of professional practice are needed (Tynjälä, 2008). Ideally these forms of development would be integrated into work, rather than being offered as a form of training in parallel to work (Felstead, Fuller, Jewson, & Unwin, 2009). Through the integration of work and learning, professionals could develop new forms of practice in efficient and effective ways. At the same time, the digitization of work has had a profound effect on professional practice (Huws, 2014). This digitization opens up opportunities for new forms of professional learning mediated by technologies through networked learning (Littlejohn & Margaryan, 2014). Networked learning is believed to lead to a more efficient flow of complex knowledge and routine information within the organization (Coburn, Mata, & Choi, 2013; Reagans & Mcevily, 2003), stimulate innovative behaviour (Coburn et al., 2013; Moolenaar, Daly & Sleegers, 2010; Thurlings, Evers, & Vermeulen, 2014) and result in a higher job satisfaction (Flap & Völker, 2001; Stoll, Bolam, McMahon, Wallace & Thomas, 2006). In this respect, networked learning can be perceived as an important perspective on both professional and organizational development. There is evidence that professionals learn in informal networks, yet networked learning has been largely invisible to professionals, managers and organisations as a form of professional development (Milligan, Littlejohn, & Margaryan, 2013). One reason could be because learning in networks requires specific competences that have to be acquired either through practice or in educational training, bringing new forms of professionalism. Another reason could be because learners may determine their own learning pathways, rather than relying on a teacher or trainer to guide them. These pathways may include observing colleagues who have greater expertise (Billett, 2011) or learning through working (Eraut, 2000). In these situations, learners may seem invisible. Alternatively, they may stray across traditional boundaries as they learn (Daniels, Edwards, Engeström, Gallagher, & Ludvigsen, 2013). This book, Networked Professional Learning, critiques the potential of networked learning as a platform for professional development. The concept of learning through work is, therefore well established and the use of the network as a medium for learning expands beyond the notion of ‘Professional Development’ which often is considered as formal, structured learning towards a more fluid and embedded form of learning for work which we term Networked Professional Learning. The book draws together the work of 35 experts across 6 countries spanning 3 continents, including Denmark, Sweden, the Netherlands, Australia, Israel and the UK. The book will be of interest to researchers in the area of professional and digital learning, higher education managers, organizational Human Resource professionals, policy makers and students of technology enhanced learning. A unique feature of the text is that it not only provides examples of Networked Professional Learning, but it questions the impact of this emerging form of learning on work practice and interrogates the impact on the professionals of the future. To achieve this goal, the book is structured into three sections that explore networked professional learning from varying different perspectives, questioning what are legitimate forms of networked professional learning (Part 1 on Networked Professional Learning across the Professions), how new forms of professional learning impact the Academy (Part 2 on Higher Education) and what is the value creation that Networked Learning offers education professionals (Part 3 on Teacher Education).

  • 22.
    Littlejohn, Allison
    et al.
    The Open University United Kingdom.
    Jaldemark, JimmyMittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.Vrieling-Teunter, EmmyThe Open University of the Netherlands.Nijland, FemkeThe Open University of the Netherlands.
    Networked professional learning: Emerging and equitable discourses for professional development2019Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the past decades a new form of professionalism has emerged, characterized by factors of fluidity, instability and continual change (Beck, 2000; De Laat, Schreurs, & Nijland, 2014). These factors diminish the validity of traditional career trajectories, where people would learn the professional knowledge they needed to follow a vocational pathway (Billett, 2001). New forms of professional development that support agile and flexible expansion of professional practice are needed (Tynjälä, 2008). Ideally these forms of development would be integrated into work, rather than being offered as a form of training in parallel to work (Felstead, Fuller, Jewson, & Unwin, 2009). Through the integration of work and learning, professionals could develop new forms of practice in efficient and effective ways. At the same time, the digitization of work has had a profound effect on professional practice (Huws, 2014). This digitization opens up opportunities for new forms of professional learning mediated by technologies through networked learning (Littlejohn & Margaryan, 2014). Networked learning is believed to lead to a more efficient flow of complex knowledge and routine information within the organization (Coburn, Mata, & Choi, 2013; Reagans & Mcevily, 2003), stimulate innovative behaviour (Coburn et al., 2013; Moolenaar, Daly & Sleegers, 2010; Thurlings, Evers, & Vermeulen, 2014) and result in a higher job satisfaction (Flap & Völker, 2001; Stoll, Bolam, McMahon, Wallace & Thomas, 2006). In this respect, networked learning can be perceived as an important perspective on both professional and organizational development. There is evidence that professionals learn in informal networks, yet networked learning has been largely invisible to professionals, managers and organisations as a form of professional development (Milligan, Littlejohn, & Margaryan, 2013). One reason could be because learning in networks requires specific competences that have to be acquired either through practice or in educational training, bringing new forms of professionalism. Another reason could be because learners may determine their own learning pathways, rather than relying on a teacher or trainer to guide them. These pathways may include observing colleagues who have greater expertise (Billett, 2011) or learning through working (Eraut, 2000). In these situations, learners may seem invisible. Alternatively, they may stray across traditional boundaries as they learn (Daniels, Edwards, Engeström, Gallagher, & Ludvigsen, 2013). This book, Networked Professional Learning, critiques the potential of networked learning as a platform for professional development. The concept of learning through work is, therefore well established and the use of the network as a medium for learning expands beyond the notion of ‘Professional Development’ which often is considered as formal, structured learning towards a more fluid and embedded form of learning for work which we term Networked Professional Learning. The book draws together the work of 35 experts across 6 countries spanning 3 continents, including Denmark, Sweden, the Netherlands, Australia, Israel and the UK. The book will be of interest to researchers in the area of professional and digital learning, higher education managers, organizational Human Resource professionals, policy makers and students of technology enhanced learning. A unique feature of the text is that it not only provides examples of Networked Professional Learning, but it questions the impact of this emerging form of learning on work practice and interrogates the impact on the professionals of the future. To achieve this goal, the book is structured into three sections that explore networked professional learning from varying different perspectives, questioning what are legitimate forms of networked professional learning (Part 1 on Networked Professional Learning across the Professions), how new forms of professional learning impact the Academy (Part 2 on Higher Education) and what is the value creation that Networked Learning offers education professionals (Part 3 on Teacher Education).

  • 23.
    Mozelius, Peter
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Jaldemark, Jimmy
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Eriksson Bergström, Sofia
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Sundgren, Marcus
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Augmented Education: Location-Based Games for Real-World Teaching and Learning Sessions2019Ingår i: Augmented Reality Games I / [ed] Vladimir Geroimenko, Springer, 2019, s. 217-235Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    GPS-equipped smartphones have enabled the construction of location-based games. In augmented reality (AR), fantasy worlds are mapped to real-world settings. Two location-based AR games that use historical markers as points of interest are Ingress and Pokémon GO. This chapter describes and discusses how PokéStop statues in Pokémon GO can be used in primary school outdoor sessions. A case study was conducted on how fifth-grade students learned about local history, social sciences and humanities during game sessions. Findings suggest that AR could be an inspiring  extension in educational settings, if activities are aligned to the surroundings and learning objectives and outdoor gaming activities are followed up in more traditional classroom sessions.

  • 24.
    Norberg, Malin
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Potential for Meaning Making in Mathematics Textbooks: A Multimodal Analysis of Subtraction in Swedish Year 12019Ingår i: Designs for Learning, ISSN 1654-7608, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 52-62Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Textbooks are a common teaching tool widely used in children’s mathematical education. Comparativestudies of textbooks have focused on different aspects, such as content, mathematical symbols and so on.However, a multimodal approach to textbook research—that is, studying how writing, images, mathematicalsymbols, etc. interact—is sparse. This study analyses 40 exercises from 17 Swedish Year 1 (children7–8 years) textbooks using a multimodal approach with a focus on subtraction as an arithmetic operation.The aim was to describe and analyse how subtraction in Swedish Year 1 mathematics textbooks can beunderstood using a multimodal approach. The results show that it is sometimes possible to solve an exercisewithout focusing on the mathematical content that the exercise is designed to offer. Writing, images,mathematical symbols, speech and moving images are used differently within the same textbook andbetween textbooks. The results also show that there are considerable similarities between the exercisesin printed and digital textbooks, with some exceptions. The examples in the study indicate that three differentapproaches are needed when working with these exercises, which implies great complexity in children’smeaning making in their work with mathematics textbooks. This could negatively impact children’saccess to beneficial learning situations. Therefore, this study could contribute to a larger awareness ofthe complexity in question, which, by extension, may contribute to the development of beneficial learningsituations in mathematics education, especially regarding subtraction.

  • 25.
    Randevåg, Lena
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Boström, Lena
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Completing studies in alternative ways in adult education. ‘Who has told me that I cannot ...?’2019Ingår i: International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, ISSN 1694-2493, E-ISSN 1694-2116, Vol. 18, nr 7, s. 165-183Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Every fourth young adult in Sweden leaves upper secondary school without complete grades (Statistiska Centralbyrån, 2017). These young adults without a diploma are at risk of being marginalized (Hugo, 2007; Lundahl et al. 2015). Therefore, all attempts to support these students’ needs using alternative methods to help them complete their studies are of great importance for both society and the individuals. With this study, we aim to shed light on how participants with different functional variations and overall unfavourable school experiences in a project-based alternative study program in upper secondary education perceive the factors of success. Moreover, we want to understand the project’s outcome based on contextual factors. To do this, we use an abductive content analysis of project documents, field notes, and interviews with five students. Our analysis follows three steps. Firstly, we identify three major themes expressed by the participants as success factors concerning ways to attend and complete their secondary education. Secondly, we identify how contextual factors can explain the project’s outcome. Finally, we draw conclusions on how motivation theory, motivation strategies, and factors in the learning environment can explain the project’s outcome. The overall conclusions are (a) students in this target group need to participate in negotiations concerning their adaptation in their studies, (b) a symmetrical interpersonal relationship between teachers and students is a necessity, and (c) beneficial learning environments are essential for these students’ learning. 

  • 26.
    Sahlin, Susanne
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Collaboration with private companies as a vehicle for school improvement: Principals’ experiences and sensemaking2019Ingår i: Journal of Professional Capital and Community, ISSN 2056-9548, E-ISSN 2056-9556, Vol. 4, nr 1, s. 15-35Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine principals’ experience and sensemaking of collaboration with private companies, focussing on leadership and school improvement.Design/methodology/approach – This paper is set against the backdrop of a project where three public Swedish schools collaborated with private companies within their communities. Data were collected over three years and consisted of semi-structured interviews, meeting notes, field observations, field notes and document analysis. A qualitative content analysis was performed using the Atlas.ti 6.2 software tool.Findings – The study shows that important sensemaking for the principals in this collaboration between schools and private companies is related to the sense of collective responsibility and involvement, development of improvement culture and trust between key actors, and common improvement initiatives based on mutual interest. Challenges in the collaboration are related to principal changes, a lack of implementation of the collaboration, and that there was no clear vision of external collaboration in two out of three schools. In terms of possibilities, the collaboration was based on the needs of the school, a collaborative culture was developed, and the development/activities were undertaken between involved schools and private companies during the collaboration.

    Research limitations/implications – Inevitably, there are limitations that need to be identified and recognised in this study. First, the small number of cases in this multiple case study, as well as the specific social context, limits the possibility of generalising the findings. Second, the study was not independently selected, and the findings and analyses are linked to national and local contexts, which can be seen as a limitation and strength. Notwithstanding, this study contributes with in-depth information about how a beyond-school collaboration with private companies is practised as well as how involved principals made sense of the collaboration from the perspective of school improvement.

    Originality/value – The originality is the collaboration between schools and private companies. The paper contributes with new knowledge about how principals experience and make sense of this collaboration as a vehicle for school improvement.

  • 27.
    Sahlin, Susanne
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Making sense of external partnerships: Principals’ experiences of school–university collaborationsIngår i: Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 28.
    Sahlin, Susanne
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Moving Beyond Internal Affairs: Making Sense of Principals' Leadership Practices in Collaboration for School Improvement2019Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis takes its point of departure from the recent interest in collaboration and networking as major school improvement strategies and the school leader’s crucial role in these processes. Educational research indicates that if schools are to meet future demands, then leadership must rest on trust within the organisation and a principal’s leadership must be understood in the frame of professional collaboration and social learning. The aim of this thesis is to, from an institutional perspective, deepen the understanding of regulative, normative, and cultural‐cognitive aspects of school leaders’ practices in collaboration beyond school at the local school level.

    The research undertaken in this thesis is a part of a larger research and school improvement project. This longitudinal study draws on data from a qualitative case study of three schools conducted over three years. Qualitative data including semistructured interviews, a part of a questionnaire to participating teachers with open‐response questions, and observations were used. Additional contextual data, such as field notes, document analysis, and project meeting notes were also used. The theoretical framework is based on institutional perspectives on organisations and sense‐making theory, used to provide an understanding of how principals and teachers make sense of principal leadership practices.

    This thesis builds on four separate papers (I‐IV) with their own aims and research questions but with the common goal of providing answers to the overall aim and research questions of the study. The four papers are complemented by this introductory part that ties them all together. Paper I, “Internationalization as an internal capacity builder for school improvement: a case study”, examines if and how the work with internationalization can build internal capacities for school improvement, but also examines the meaning of a principal’s leadership in relation to the work with professional collaboration and social learning. Paper II, “Collaboration With Private Companies as a Vehicle for School Improvement ‐ Principals’ Experience and Sense‐Making,” elaborates on principals’ experiences and sense‐making of a school collaboration with private companies from the local community of the school, focussing on leadership and school improvement. Paper III, “Making Sense of External Partnerships: Principals’ Experiences of School‐University Collaborations,” examine principals’ sense‐making of a school–university collaboration. Paper IV, “Teachers Making Sense of Principals’ Leadership in Collaboration Beyond School,” aims to create a deeper understanding of collaborations beyond the school with a focus on principals’ leadership and of how such processes reshape regulative, normative, and cultural‐cognitive aspects (Scott, 2008). The role of the formal leader is addressed in all four papers.

    Finally, the findings show that the principals have had the possibility to build professional capacity in their schools, create a supportive organization for learning, and connect with different external partners as a result of these beyond‐school collaborations. The different actors in the beyond‐school collaborations also became a part of the schools’ overall distributed leadership practices. The findings show that beyond‐school collaboration influences and affects the normative and cultural‐cognitive aspects that exist in the participating school to some extent. The development of collective commitments to guide collaboration, engagement in collaborative work, an increase in shared responsibility for work, and the fostering of learning‐oriented collaboration and research‐based knowledge construction are examples of norms and values that seem to have started to move during the various beyond‐school collaborations. From the cultural‐cognitive aspect, the study shows that aspects of this dimension appear more or less in the schools. The principals have interpreted and made sense of the value of beyond school collaboration in different ways. The cultural‐cognitive aspect also seems to affect the teachers somewhat, where they make sense of the importance of the formal leader in beyond‐school collaboration. They also emphasise the importance of having a pedagogical leader. The findings showed that there were challenges that became visible in the various beyond‐school collaborations. However, being aware of the challenges and broadening professional learning communities through collaboration that goes beyond school all in all seem to support the principals in their leadership practices at the local school level and also support development in a school’s practices.

  • 29.
    Sahlin, Susanne
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Principal’s Role And Meaning In Collaborations Beyond School: – The Teacher Perspective2019Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 30.
    Sahlin, Susanne
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Teachers making sense of principals’ leadership in collaboration beyond schoolIngår i: Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 31.
    Sahlin, Susanne
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Styf, Maria
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Internationalization as an internal capacity builder for school improvement: a case study2019Ingår i: International Journal of Leadership in Education, ISSN 1360-3124, E-ISSN 1464-5092Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents findings from a case study that examined how internationalization at one Swedish upper secondary school could be understood in relation to building internal capacities for school improvement. This article used a case study methodology in which aspects of capacity building, and internal capacities constituted the theoretical point of departure. Data consisted of interviews with the principal and teachers, observations, and field notes. The article argues that internationalization at the upper secondary school supported capacity building, and it is evident that internationalization is an internal capacity. It is also apparent that the principal’s leadership is distributed and vital to the school’s success in terms of internationalization and school improvement. Above all, internationalization serves not only as an external form of collaboration but also as an internal capacity at the school for leadership, professional development, and internal collaboration. It is evident that these internal capacities are intertwined. 

  • 32.
    Spante, Maria
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Trollhättan.
    Johansson, Kristina
    Högskolan Väst, Trollhättan.
    Jaldemark, Jimmy
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    MakerSpaces in schools: Networked learning among teachers to support curriculum-driven pupil learning in programming2019Ingår i: Networked professional learning: Emerging and equitable discourses for professional development / [ed] Littlejohn, Allison; Jaldemark, Jimmy; Vrieling-Teunter, Emmy and Nijland, Femke, Springer, 2019, s. 223-237Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, many countries have introduced programming as content in their national educational strategies. This study focused on how teachers from various K-6 schools met regularly in learning groups to discuss their experiences integrating programming in MakerSpace settings, places equipped with various materials that can be used to construct things to enhance creativity and cross-disciplinary collaboration. The project focussed on studying the activities in an established network in a Swedish municipality (i.e., how teachers experienced the value of network meetings and how they incorporated lessons learned from other participants in the teacher learning group [TLG]). The study addressed the following research question: What are the learning experiences of teachers in K-6 schools that participate in a top-down networked professional development project that focuses on integrating computer programming into the curriculum? A narrative written method was applied to collect data from seven teachers in the network. The results indicated that teachers found it useful to participate in a top-down networked professional development project. They experienced that participating in the TLG helped them develop their professional attitudes, knowledge and practices. 

  • 33.
    Volpato, Xavier
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Är ideologierna döda i samhällskunskapsläromedel?: En jämförande studie av ideologiernas plats och användning i tre samhällskunskapsläromedel för gymnasiet2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den följande uppsatsen avser att belysa hur olika samhällskunskapsläromedel presenterar och använder ideologierna från ett didaktiskt perspektiv. Uppsatsen är en beskrivande studie som med hjälp av idealtyper analyserar hur ideologier används i samhällskunskapsläromedel för gymnasieskolan med ämnesdidaktik i åtanke. Den utgår ifrån att ideologier är användbara och koherenta politiska paradigm samt kraftiga verktyg för att belysa samhälleliga val och frågor. En genomtänkt användning av ideologierna skulle kunna skapa en stödjande struktur för elevernas lärande och gynna en problematiserande ansats i undervisning där nyckelbegrepp introduceras tidigt, nyanseras och skattas med hjälp av ideologierna. Med den här utgångspunkten analyseras tre läromedel med hjälp av idékritik och vissa inslag av diskursanalys. Slutsatsen är att ideologiernas potential som ämnesdidaktiska verktyg inte tas tillvara i de analyserade läromedlen. En annan slutsats är att det förekommer en relativt stor variation i hur ideologierna presenteras, förklaras och används från övergripande och vagt till utförligt om än inte problematiserande. Vissa ideologier som liberalism och feminism får en särställning och normativt stöd från författarna. En avslutande diskussion problematiserar de påträffade likheter och skillnader mellan läromedlen och kopplar dessa till skolan som politisk arena. En sats förslag görs som indikerar hur ideologierna kan användas för att strukturera samhällskunskapsstoffet och göra dess undervisning mera begriplig för eleverna.

  • 34.
    Åhslund, Ingela
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Nordic research on boys’ learning and school performance: A systematic literature review2018Ingår i: Utbildning och Lärande / Education and Learning, ISSN 2001-4554, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 41-61Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    I de nordiska länderna ökar betygsskillnaderna mellan pojkar och flickor mer än i OECD-länderna i allmänhet, trots att de nordiska länderna har en lång tradition av att sträva efter likvärdighet och jämställdhet i utbildningen. Omfattande internationell forskning har gjorts som visar på olika aspekter av pojkars beteende, sociala förhållanden och villkor, men det finns fortfarande områden som rönt lite uppmärksamhet inom pedagogisk forskning. Syftet med den här litteratur-granskningen har därför varit att beskriva vad nordiska studier publicerade mellan 2000-2018 har fokuserat på avseende skolpojkars prestationer, inlärning och förutsättningar. Denna systematiska litteraturöversikt gjordes för att dels få en översikt av det nordiska forskningsfältet, dels identifiera eventuella luckor, och behov av framtida forskningsstudier. I analysen kunde två huvudområden identifieras: Sociala förutsättningar som påverkar pojkarnas prestationer, samt Krav och förutsätt-ningar i klassrummet som påverkar pojkarnas prestationer. Analysen visar att de nordiska studierna ytterligare fördjupar och problematiserar bilden av pojkar i skolan, men trots den fördjupade bilden av fältet framträder en tydlig betoning på sociala förhållanden och maktstrukturer i studierna. Eftersom analysen även visar att endast ett litet antal studier har undersökt förhållanden i lärmiljön och undervisningen i förhållande till pojkarnas underprestationer och lärande pekar detta mot luckor i forskningsfältet, samt behovet av ytterligare forskning inom området.

  • 35.
    Åhslund, Ingela
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Uppfattningar, förväntningar och didaktiska val - en studie om undervisningens betydelse för pojkars skolprestationer2019Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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