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  • 951.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Wallerstedt, Eva
    Uppsala universitet.
    Sveriges första kvinnliga auktoriserade revisorer2014Report (Other academic)
  • 952.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Bank lending and housing prices in Sweden2018In: International Journal of Housing Markets and Analysis, ISSN 1753-8270, E-ISSN 1753-8289, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 498-519Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of this study is to investigate the Granger causal link between bank lending and housing prices.

    Design/methodology/approach Several econometric methods, including Granger causality tests based on a vector error correction model, were applied to analyse monthly time series data in the Swedish context. The data cover bank lending, apartment prices, villa prices, mortgage rates and the consumer price index from September 2005 to October 2013.

    Findings The results indicate that bank lending and housing prices are cointegrated. According to Granger causality tests, bidirectional relationships exist between bank lending and each of apartment and villa prices, confirming the financial accelerator mechanism. However, earlier shocks arising from housing prices themselves account for the greatest variation in future prices.

    Originality/value To the authors' knowledge, this study represents the first analysis of the causal link between bank lending and the housing market in terms of apartment and villa prices in the Swedish context.

  • 953.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Bank lending and property prices in Sweden2017In: Book of Proceedings: 6th Malmö Real Estate Research Conference / [ed] Magnus Andersson, Peter Palm, Malmö University , 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to investigate the Granger causal link between bank lending and house prices. Design/methodology/approach – Several econometric methods, including Granger causality tests based on a vector error-correction model, were applied to analyse monthly time series data in the Swedish context. The data includes apartment prices, villa prices, bank lending, mortgage rates, and consumer price index for the period September 2005 to October 2013. Findings – The results show that bank lending and house prices are co-integrated. According to the Granger causality tests, bidirectional relationships exist between bank lending and each of apartment and villa prices, confirming the financial accelerator mechanism. Originality/value – As far as the authors know, this study represents the first analysis of the causal link between bank lending and the housing market in terms of apartment and villa prices in the Swedish context. 

  • 954.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Kapitalstrukturen i små och medelstora företag2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Hur kapitalstrukturen ser ut i små och medelstora företag och vad som påverkar denna är frågor av både teoretiskt och praktiskt intresse. Peter Öhman och Darush Yazdanfar vid CER har fördjupat sig i dessa båda frågor och presenterar i denna kortrapport analyser av data från ett stort antal små och medelstora företag verksamma i flera branscher. Resultaten visar bl.a. att dessa företag, i genomsnitt, finansierar sina verksamheter med en stor andel egna medel, en viktig finansieringskälla redan i uppstartsfasen som ökar i betydelse ju äldre företagen blir. Även kortfristiga skulder används i relativt stor utsträckning i tidiga livsstadier, men de minskar allt eftersom. Långfristiga skulder ökar i takt med att företagen blir äldre, men andelen är låg oavsett ålder. Apropå frågan vad som påverkar små och medelstora företags kapitalstruktur har alla undersökta variabler – storlek, ålder, lönsamhet, tillväxt, likviditet, andelen säkerhetsbaserade tillgångar, andelen avskrivningsbaserade tillgångar och branschtillhörighet – en koppling till företagens skuldsättning och därmed till deras finansieringspolitik. Forskningsresultaten har tidigare publicerats i de internationella tidskriftsartiklarna ”Capital structure dynamics among SMEs: Swedish empirical evidence” (Yazdanfar och Öhman, 2016) och ”Short- and long-term debt determinants in Swedish SMEs” (Öhman och Yazdanfar, 2017).

  • 955.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Lägenhets- och villapriser, börsindex och banklån2018Report (Other academic)
  • 956.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Organizational-level profitability determinants in commercial banks: Swedish evidence2018In: Journal of economic studies, ISSN 0144-3585, E-ISSN 1758-7387, Vol. 45, no 6, p. 1175-1191Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine organizational-level determinants of commercial bank profitability. Design/methodology/approach Using bank-level longitudinal panel data for the 2005-2014 period, this study conducts univariate and multivariate statistical analyses, i.e. ordinary least squares (OLS), fixed-effects and feasible generalized least-squares (FGLS) regressions, to analyze profitability variables in Swedish commercial banks. Findings The findings indicate that the organizational-level determinants growth, lagged profitability and capital adequacy are positively related to banks' current profitability. No relationship was found between banks' size and their profitability. Moreover, no relationship was found between the macroeconomic control variable gross domestic product (GDP) and bank profitability. Practical implications Given that organizational-level determinants explain sustainable bank profitability, the findings can be used by bank managers as a basis for low-risk bank policy formulation, and by regulators in monitoring banks relative to international standards (i.e. the Basel Accords). Originality/value To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first study to investigate determinants of bank profitability in Sweden, a country with a strong tradition of bank-based financing, with previous experience of a domestic bank crisis in the 1990s, and where the recent global financial crisis had relatively little impact on domestic banks.

  • 957.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Short- and long-term debt determinants in Swedish SMEs2017In: Review of Accounting and Finance, ISSN 1475-7702, E-ISSN 1758-7700, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 106-124Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This paper aims to empirically investigate the capital structure determinants of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) with a particular focus on short- and long-term debt.

    Design/methodology/approach: Several methods were used to analyse a sample of 15,897 Swedish SMEs for which complete financial information was available for a four-year period following the 2008 financial crisis, i.e. the 2009-2012 period.

    Findings: The results indicate that eight explanatory variables - i.e. size, age, growth, proftability, liquidity, asset tangibility, non-debt tax shields and industry affliation - are associated to various extents with SME debt policy. Research limitations/implications - The current study is limited to examining a sample of Swedish SMEs in five industry sectors covering the 2009-2012 period. Further research could examine the generalizability of the present results by considering other countries, industry sectors and periods.

    Practical implications - As debt policy infuences firm performance, value and survival, SME owners and managers, regulators and financial institutions may beneft from studies considering a relatively large number of capital structure determinants, several of which are linked to short- and long-term debt in various ways.

    Originality/value: This study is one of the few to examine the determinants of short- and long-term debt in SMEs, which play a fundamental role in the economy, using a large-scale cross-sectional database covering a period following the 2008 financial crisis.

  • 958.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    The nexus between stock market index and apartment and villa prices: Granger causality test of Swedish data2017In: International Journal of Housing Markets and Analysis, ISSN 1753-8270, E-ISSN 1753-8289, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 450-467Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the Granger causal link between the stock market index and housing prices in terms of apartment and villa prices. Design/methodology/approach: Monthly data from September 2005 to October 2013 on apartment prices, villa prices, the stock market index, mortgage rates and the consumer price index were used. Statistical methods were applied to explore the long-run co-integration and Granger causal link between the stock market index and apartment and villa prices in Sweden. Findings: The results indicate that the stock market index and housing prices are co-integrated and that a long-run equilibrium relationship exists between them. According to the Granger causality tests, bidirectional relationships exist between the stock market index and apartment and villa prices, respectively, supporting the wealth and credit-price effects. Moreover, variations in apartment and villa prices are primarily caused by endogenous shocks. Originality/value: To the authors’ best knowledge, this study represents a first analysis of the causal nexus between the stock market and the housing market in terms of apartment and villa prices in the Swedish context using a vector error-correction model to analyze monthly data.

  • 959.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    The nexus between stock market index and apartment and villa prices: Granger causality test of Swedish data2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this study is to investigate the Granger causality link between the stockmarket index and housing prices in terms of prices of apartments and prices of villas.

    Design/methodology/approach – Monthly data over the period September 2005 to October 2013 ofprices of apartments, prices of villas, stock market index, mortgage rates, and consumer price indexwere used. Statistical methods were applied to explore the long-run equilibrium relationship betweenthe stock market index and the prices of apartments and villas.

    Findings - The results indicate that the stock market index and house prices are co-integrated andthat a long-run equilibrium relationship exists between them. However, regarding their relationshipto the stock market index there are significant differences between prices of apartments and prices ofvillas. According to the Granger causality test, there is a unidirectional relationship between thestock market index and prices of apartments, supporting the wealth effect hypothesis. At the sametime, the results indicate a bidirectional Granger causality between the stock market index andprices of villas.

    Originality/value - To the authors’ best knowledge, this study represents a first attempt to focus onthe causal nexus between stocks and house prices in terms of apartment and villa prices in theSwedish context using a vector error correction model to analyse monthly data.

  • 960.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Vad påverkar bankers lönsamhet?2018Report (Other academic)
  • 961.
    Öhrn, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Vilka CSR aktiviteter redovisar svenska företag till sina intressenter och i vilken omfattning?: En studie över företagen på Stockholmsbörsens Large Cap lista och hur olika faktorer påverkar deras CRS redovisning2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
17181920 951 - 961 of 961
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  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • nn-NO
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  • Other locale
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