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  • 851. von Essen, Johan
    et al.
    Wallman Lundåsen, Susanne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ideellt arbete inom idrottsrörelsen2016Report (Other academic)
  • 852. von Essen, Johan
    et al.
    Wallman Lundåsen, Susanne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Medborgerligt engagemang: Klassresa eller klassklyfta?2015In: Låt fler forma framtiden!: Forskarantologi, Stockholm: Wolters Kluwer, 2015, p. 357-407Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 853.
    von Schoultz, Åsa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Förändringar i det politiska landskapet2015In: Makten att kombinera: Utmaningar, vägval och handlingskraft i Svenskfinland / [ed] Stefan Sjöblom & Siv Sandberg, Helsingfors: Svenska Kulturfonden , 2015, p. 227-247Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 854.
    von Schoultz, Åsa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Nordic Research on Political Behaviour2015In: Scandinavian Political Studies, ISSN 0080-6757, E-ISSN 1467-9477, Vol. 38, no 4, p. 342-368Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This review article sets out to give an overarching presentation of Nordic research on political behaviour, which has constituted a vital subfield within Nordic political science since the 1950s. The aim of the article is to give the reader a sense of what characterises the development within the field and to point towards interesting research worth further exploring. The review covers some notes on the general progress within the field, a bibliographic analysis of publication patters complemented by a presentation of the dominating themes of research, and a discussion of methodological advancements. Research within the field rests on the strong legacy of the Norwegian scholar Stein Rokkan and the early influence of the behaviouralism and American research. The biographical analysis does, however, clearly demonstrate the leading position of Danish scholars in terms of both qualitative and quantitative indicators. From a methodological perspective, researchers within the region can be described as early adapters. The electoral programmes established in the middle of the 1950s in Sweden and Norway are among the oldest in the world, following on from the pioneering efforts of the United States which stretch back to 1948. Furthermore, recent years have brought about a significant increase in experimental research. Thematically, the research agenda has been dominated by, but not restricted to, electoral research. Sophisticated knowledge of how voters think and act at elections, but also of the changing role and behaviour of citizens within the Nordic sphere, has been developed over time.

  • 855.
    von Schoultz, Åsa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Party Systems and Voter Alignments2017In: The SAGE Handbook of Electoral Behaviour: Volume 2 / [ed] Kai Arzheimer, Jocelyn Evans & Michael S. Lewis-Beck, Sage Publications, 2017, p. 30-55Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 856.
    von Schoultz, Åsa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Passing through the Eye of the Needle: Individual Electoral Success in Finnish Parliamentary Elections2016In: The Changing Balance of Political Power in Finland / [ed] Lauri Karvonen, Heikki Paloheimo, Tapio Raunio, Stockholm: Santérus Academic Press Sweden, 2016, p. 163-188Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 857.
    von Schoultz, Åsa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Puolueiden puheenjohtajien merkitys äänestyspäätöksen kannalta2016In: Poliittisen osallistumisen eriytyminen: Eduskuntavaalitutkimus 2015 / [ed] Kimmo Grönlund och Hanna Wass, Helsingfors: Justitieministeriet , 2016, p. 159-176Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 858.
    Wahlström Hofgren, Carolina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Monarkin upp för diskussion: – Hur debatten runt händelserna år 2010 såg ur ett deliberativt demokratiskt perspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 859.
    Wall, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Bilder av risk: Ett nedslag i den samtida samhällsvetenskapliga riskforskningslitteraturen med avseende på visuella metoder för datainsamling och analys2018In: Thule: Kungliga Skyttenska Samfundets Årsbok 2018, Umeå: Kungliga Skytteanska Samfundet , 2018, p. 121-135Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 860.
    Wall, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Förstå och förebygga risker i vardagen: Slutrapport för det postdoktorala forskningsprojektet "Den enskildes drivkraft att förebygga olyckor och kriser"2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektets utgångspunkt var att ”empiriskt undersöka den enskilde individens drivkrafter ifråga om att förebygga olika typer av olyckor och kriser” vilket studerats genom olika delprojekt vilka återknutit till temat på ett övergripande plan, men samtidigt bidragit med specifika perspektiv. 

    Utifrån projektets övergripande syfte har flera delprojekt formulerats, vilka på olika sätt bidrar till att ge perspektiv på hur individen förhåller sig till risker i vardagen. 

     Förebyggande insatser och betydelsen av motivation 

     Visuella metoder för ny kunskap om hur individen förhåller sig till risk 

     Emotioners roll i individens riskförståelse 

     Cryptosporidium som ett exempel på en ny risk i vardagen 

    Teoretiskt har begreppen motivation och (sociala) emotioner särskilt lyfts fram och empiriskt har vardagsrisker stått i centrum för projektet. Termen vardagrisker har hanterats på lika olika sätt i olika vetenskapliga texter där såväl risker i trafiken som utbrottet av Cryptosporidium i dricksvattnet i Östersund vintern 2010/2011 lyfts fram som empiriska exempel. Metodologiskt har projektet inneburit en möjlighet att närma sig de kreativa metoder för datainsamling och analys, där visuella metoder getts utrymme som del i studien, genom delprojektet Riskbilden.

  • 861.
    Wall, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Förväntningar på den enskildes ansvar och insatser vid plötslig förekomst av Cryptosporidium i dricksvattnet2011Report (Other academic)
  • 862.
    Wall, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Riskbilden: En rapport om hur barn och ungdomar ser på risker i vardagen2013Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 863.
    Wall, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Sense-making of risk and role-taking emotions: How young Swedes construe road traffic risk.2014In: Journal of Risk Research, ISSN 1366-9877, E-ISSN 1466-4461, Vol. 17, no 10, p. 1285-1299Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study is to improve our understanding of how young people makesense of traffic risk. The study also aims to contribute to current theory by refining the concept of'sense-making of risk'. The focus, both empirical and theoretical, is on role-taking emotions. In order tochart both the general significance for sense-making of social interaction and the respondentssubjective sense of traffic risk, the present study used both in-depth interviews and focus groupinterviews: the in-depth interviews comprised a total of eleven interviews with as many interviewees,while a total of 36 people were included in the eight focus group interviews. All interviewees wereSwedish residents aged between 16 and 20. It is found that by adopting the perspective afforded by thetheory of emotion, it is possible to extend our knowledge of individual sense-making of risk. Bothprimary emotions and role-taking emotions are central to how young Swedes form theirunderstanding of traffic risk. A focus on role-taking emotions reveals the importance of indirect socialinteraction for the individual's sense-making of risk in general, and adds to our knowledge of theindividual's sense-making of traffic risk in particular.

  • 864.
    Wall, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The individuals’ interest in preventing everyday accidents and crises: A Swedish explorative study of the importance of motivation2014In: Human Technology, ISSN 1795-6889, E-ISSN 1795-6889, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 125-137Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This explorative study presents an empirical examination of the connection between motivation and the measures individuals take to prevent everyday accidents and prepare for crises. Positional factors (age and gender) and situational factors (education, size of locality, and household composition) are included because the literature highlights their importance. The study used data gathered in a 2010/2011 poll of randomly selected Swedish residents aged 16–75 (N = 2000; 44.8% response rate). A factor analysis reduced the theoretical model for situational motivation (Guay, Vallerand, & Blanchard, 2000) from four to two dimensions: motivation and amotivation. Subsequent regression analyses statistically confirmed the connection between motivation or amotivation and the extent to which individuals pursue preventative and preparedness measures, even when accounting for positional and situational factors. These findings underscore the need for continued studies of individuals' incentives to prevent accidents and prepare for crises and for the study of the nuances of (situational) motivation and preventive/preparedness measures.

  • 865.
    Wall, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Visualizing risk: Using participatory photography to explore individuals sense-making of risk2016In: Journal of Risk Research, ISSN 1366-9877, E-ISSN 1466-4461, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 347-363Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the field of risk research is increasingly alert to new theoretical and empirical perspectives, it is still the case that few studies take a visual approach, despite its obvious worth in capturing peoples experiences of everyday life. This paper considers how a visual approach can be used to deepen our knowledge of sense-making of risk, particularly young peoples views on risk. It presents empirical findings from a study that uses participatory photography to capture what individuals define as serious risks in everyday life and how these risks are expressed (722 participants in Sweden, aged 5-33, mostly children or adolescents). The conclusion is that focusing on stories embedded in images independently contributes new knowledge about how the individual makes sense of risk in everyday life, and especially that visual methods of data collection and analysis illuminate how individual sense-making of risk is intertwined with other aspects of meaning-making in everyday life. In other words, it is time for a visual turn in risk research.

  • 866.
    Wall, Erika
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences. Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    John, Selander
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Return to Work After Long-Term Sick Leave: Stories of Employed Women With Common Mental Disorders2018In: International Journal of Disability Mangement Research, ISSN 1833-8550, E-ISSN 1834-4887, Vol. 13, no e4, p. 1-7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate the perceptions of female employees on long-term sickness absence due to common mental disorders (CMDs), in relation to what they perceive would best help them to return to work. Data were collected through a survey answered by employees at a municipality in Sweden on long-term sick leave. Results of the current study are based on a part of that material, namely from 56 women with CMDs who responded to the final open question. The analysis involves two steps. Initially, we explored themes that form the accounts in the findings. Secondly, based on the themes, collective narratives, storylines were identified. Three different storylines were found to be prominent in the findings. The storylines describe how the participants collectively expressed themselves in relation to the possibilities for return to work, and the following storylines were derived: It feels like too much, Things are moving too fast, and I have to get out of here!. The findings are related to perceived demands, control and support. From a disability management perspective, we have learned the importance of restoring the balance between demands, control and support — not only to prevent absence from work, but also to facilitate return to work after a period of long-term sickness.

  • 867.
    Wall, Erika
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ljungdahl, Jens
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Att köpa spänning: Hur ungdomar förhåller sig till risk vid köp av äventyrsaktiviteter2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning 

    I föreliggande rapport redovisas resultaten från ett forskningsprojekt om hur ungdomar förhåller sig till risk vid köp av och deltagande i äventyrsaktiviteter. Projektet har genomförts på uppdrag av Konsumentverket. 

    Forskningsprojektet har utgått ifrån sociologisk riskteori med särskilt fokus på riskförståelse och tillit och syftat till att ge fördjupad förståelse om hur ungdomar förhåller sig till risk vid köp av och deltagande i äventyrsaktiviteter. 

    Rapporten baseras på empiriskt material insamlat genom en fältstudie. De metoder som använts för datainsamling har bestått av kortfattade formella forskningsintervjuer, informella samtal, djupintervjuer och observationer. Foto har också varit en viktig del av datainsamlingen. Dessutom har fältan-teckningar skrivits under hela datainsamlingen. Fältstudien genomfördes i Östersund under ”yranveckan” i juli 2013 med åtta dagar av festligheter där deltagare kunde ta del av olika aktiviteter eller äta och dricka på någon av de många tillfälliga restauranger som byggts upp inom området. Under de sista dagarna genomfördes Storsjöyran som är en stadsfestival med scener runt om i centrala Östersund och i Badhusparken. 

    De äventyrsaktiviteter som studerats var att åka kabel och ribbåt. Att åka kabel innebär att åka wakeboard eller vattenskidor med hjälp av en eldriven kabel som manövreras av personal. Att åka ribbåt är en äventyrsaktivitet där deltagaren får en fartfylld upplevelse genom att åka båt i hög fart. 

    Vid köp av och deltagande i de undersökta äventyrsaktiviteterna var säkerhet ett ständigt närvarande tema, särskilt vid information och instruktioner. Däremot talade såväl deltagare som arrangörer i mycket låg utsträckning om risker med deltagande. Säkerhetsinformationen fokuserade särskilt på skyddsutrustning och hur denna skulle användas. Att använda skyddsutrustning var ett krav för deltagande i båda aktiviteterna. 

    I relation till teori om riskförståelse och tillit visar projektet att upplevelsen av trygghet vid deltagande i de undersökta äventyrsaktiviteterna hänger ihop med tillit i relationen mellan arrangörer och deltagare. Genom detta blev upplevelsen av risk sammanflätad med genomförandet av de båda aktiviteterna, vilket belyser betydelsen av sociala relationer för upplevd trygghet. Rapportens mest centrala slutsats är att information har en mycket central roll för deltagares upplevelse av trygghet vid äventyrsaktiviteter.

  • 868.
    Wall, Erika
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Sjöstedt Landén, Angelika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    A narrative about risk management, a narrative about gender2014In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 35, no 4, p. 59-74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the winter of 2010/2011 the town of Östersund with 60 000 inhabitants was struck by a water crisis. High levels of the parasite Cryptosporidium were discovered in the drinking water. The water delivered by the municipality suddenly constituted a risk for the populations’ health. To consume the infected water could lead to long term stomach illness. This article explores sense-making of risk in everyday life during the time of the Cryptosporidium. The field of risk management constitutes a large part of the risk research conducted within the social sciences. Gender analysis in this body of research is often understood as a background variable among other variables. This article contributes to the field by connecting sociological perspectives on risk theory and performative narrative gender analysis. We think that this is important for illuminating and understanding more about how sense-making of risk is articulated as a gendered narrative. Our analysis shows that intertwined in a narrative about water as a new risk in everyday life, storylines constituting femininity were articulated.

  • 869.
    Wallberg, Amanda
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Wennerholm, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    From Involvement to Maintained Desistance of CrimeThrough a Rational Choice Perspective: An Analysis ofNarratives From Male Ex-Offenders2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Studying why people desist from criminality is a topic that needs research,as it is beneficial to society, the victims and the offenders. Crimes andrecidivism is a cost to society that could be reduced if more research wasdone regarding why an offender desists from crime and what keeps themmaintaining desistance. This would also lead to a more successfultreatment with reduced recidivism. The aim of this study was thusly togain a deeper understanding of the decision-making process frominvolvement to maintained desistance by investigate the reason fordesistance, if any differing reasons for maintaining desistance exist and ifit is possible to ensure maintained desistance. We did this by interviewingten male ex-offenders. The respondents in this study had a mean age of38.5 (SD = 14.17) and their criminal career ranged from 10 to about 40years. We analyzed the transcribed interviews with a thematic analysiswith four previously created themes from Cornish and Clarke's (1985)Rational Choice Theory. Findings showed that the decision to desist fromcrime is a process which is influenced by things such as experiencing ashocking event or re-evaluating values. The decision to maintaindesistance was partly due to changed self-perception, goals to fulfill andprosocial bonds that had been established. The will to maintain desistanceand being honest to your self was emphasised as something lacking whenprevious attempts to maintain desistance had failed, suggesting perhaps notan assurance of maintaining desistance but some indication to moresuccessfully maintaining desistance.

  • 870.
    Wallman Lundåsen, Susanne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Civil Society and Political Participation: What Type of Political Participation is Influenced by Community Level Involvement in Civil Society?2015In: Swiss Political Science Review, ISSN 1420-3529, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 140-157Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is thus to further explore the relationship between involvement in voluntary associations at the community level and specific forms of political participation. We pose the following questions. Do voluntary associations contribute to specific forms of individual political participation in a consociational context? Do voluntary associations encourage forms of political participation aimed at directly interacting with the policy process, or do they promote extraparliamentary forms of protest? The study contributes with testing three different measurements of community level involvement in voluntary associations and their correlations with individual level political participation. The empirical data is based upon a mulitilevel sample of 4232 individuals located in 33 different Swedish municipalities. Results show that only direct contacts with local elites are significantly correlated with community level participation in civil society organizations. This result may be interpreted as indicating that local voluntary associations contribute to the local political culture.

  • 871.
    Wallman Lundåsen, Susanne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Democratic Values and Civic Engagement of Local Voluntary Associations2014In: Nonprofit Management & Leadership, ISSN 1048-6682, E-ISSN 1542-7854, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 263-283Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study I investigate whether and to what extent local voluntary associations in Sweden maintain values of democratic governance. The study is based upon a survey of about 400 local voluntary associations within four local communities. The results show that a vast majority of these associations are supportive of member influence and governance through internal democracy. These values can also explain civic engagement of these local voluntary associations. The results indicate that if these values would change radically it would probably have an impact on civic engagement of these organizations, but at present the support remains solid.

  • 872.
    Wallman Lundåsen, Susanne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Föreningsidrottens politiska och demokratiska samband2016In: Föreningen, laget och jaget: 7 perspektiv på idrottens demokratiska effekter / [ed] Johan R Norberg, Stockholm: Centrum för Idrottsforskning , 2016, p. 47-58Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 873.
    Wallman Lundåsen, Susanne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Generell tillit och andel röster på Sverigedemokraterna på kommunnivå i riksdagsvalet 20182018In: Snabbtänkt: reflektioner från valet 2018 / [ed] Lars Nord, Marie Grusell, Niklas Bolin, Kajsa Falasca, Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University, DEMICOM , 2018, p. 52-52MChapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 874.
    Wallman Lundåsen, Susanne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences. Ersta Sköndal högskola.
    Ideellt arbete, makt och drivkrafter2017Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 875.
    Wallman Lundåsen, Susanne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Kontakter mellan grupper inom civilsamhällets organisationer2018In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 95, no 5, p. 528-538Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien undersöker i vilken mån det förekommer kontakter mellan grupper som är olika varandra eller inte inom civilsamhällets organisationer och nätverk och om kontakterna samvarierar med lägre fördomar och högre tillit till grupper som är annorlunda en själv. Studien är baserad på en surveyundersökning som är genomförd till ett urval av invånare mellan 18-84 år i 36 svenska kommuner. Totalt deltog drygt 10200 personer i undersökningen. I takt med att mångfalden i samhället ökar framställs arenor som möjliggör kontakter mellan grupper alltmer centrala för den sociala sammanhållningen. Flera tidigare studier pekar på samband mellan exempelvis tillit och ökad livskvalitet, bättre självskattad hälsa. Kontakter mellan grupper inom ramen för civilsamhället förekommer i varierande utsträckning mellan typ av organisationer och kommuner. Resultaten pekar på betydelsen av att kontakterna uppfattas som positiva för tillit och tolerans mellan grupper. Resultaten är i linje med tidigare studier på att yngre är mer benägna att uppfatta kontakter som positiva än äldre.

  • 876.
    Wallman Lundåsen, Susanne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Litteraturgranskning av Civil Society and the Governance of Development: Opposing Global institutions2015In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 117, no 4, p. 666-669Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 877.
    Wallman Lundåsen, Susanne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Tolerans ur ett jämförande perspektiv2017In: Toleransens mekanismer: En antologi / [ed] Erik Lundberg, Stockholm: Forum för levande historia , 2017, p. 33-68Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Toleransens mekanismer: en antologi riktas strålkastarljuset mot tolerans. Vad innebär det att vara tolerant? Hur påverkas unga av vänner och föräldrar? Hur kan föreningar och skolan arbeta för att främja tolerans? Hur ser det ut i olika länder? Och varför ska vi egentligen bry oss?

    Forskare från olika ämnesområden har undersökt vad detta mångtydiga begrepp betyder, såväl i teorin som i praktiken.

  • 878.
    Wallman Lundåsen, Susanne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences. Ersta Sköndal University College.
    Voluntary Associations within the Local Political Context: How Characteristics of the Organizations and the Local Governments Influence Perceptions of Success2014In: VOLUNTAS - International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, ISSN 0957-8765, E-ISSN 1573-7888, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 1041-1061Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A cornerstone of democracy is the capacity of citizens to influence political decisions either through elections or by making their will known in the periods between elections. The aim of the present study is twofold: (1) to explore what factors inherent of the voluntary associations that determine the perceived success in their attempts to influence policy and (2) to investigate what role the composition of the local government have on the perceived success. This study is based on a survey conducted among 404 local voluntary associations in four different municipalities in Sweden. The results show that the frequency contacts influence perceived success positively, while the level of civic engagement of the voluntary associations affected the perceived success negatively. Having a heterogeneous local government also contributed positively to the perceived success to influence policy.

  • 879.
    Wallman Lundåsen, Susanne
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Olausson, Pär M.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Aktörer inom lokalt beslutsfattande2015In: Lokalt beslutsfattande / [ed] Niklas Bolin, Sara Nyhlén, Pär M. Olausson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, p. 47-69Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 880.
    Wallman Lundåsen, Susanne
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Trägårdh, Lars
    Civilsamhälle, social sammanhållning och tillit: Rapport till Kommissionen för ett socialt hållbart Stockholm2016Report (Other academic)
  • 881.
    Wallman Lundåsen, Susanne
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences. Department of Social Sciences, Institute for Civil Society Studies, Ersta Sköndal University College, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Trägårdh, Lars
    Department of Social Sciences, Institute for Civil Society Studies, Ersta Sköndal University College, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Social Trust and Religion in Sweden: Theological Belief vs. Social Organization2013In: Religion and Civil Society in Europe / [ed] De Hart, Joep; Dekker, Paul; Halman, Loek, Springer Publishing Company, 2013, p. 109-124Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    he question of whether religion and religiosity is positively or negatively related to social trust has been widely debated. In this chapter we will, using data from a local level survey on trust in Sweden, test whether religiosity as belief and religion as social organization correlate in any way with social trust in the specific case of a highly secular society. We are applying a multilevel approach in which we introduce both individual and contextual level data (church attendance and church membership) and where our focus will be on the local or community level. We conclude that while general surveys on trust suggest, if anything, a negative relationship between religiosity and social trust, one can, even in a highly secular country like Sweden, identify a modest positive correlation between trust and religion, which, however, is limited to religion as social organization.

  • 882.
    Wallman Lundåsen, Susanne
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Vamstad, Johan
    Ersta Sköndal högskola.
    Civilsamhället och staten : en fråga om tillit2015In: Med kärlek till det oordnade / [ed] Johan von Essen, Magnus Karlsson, Lena Blomquist, Emilia Forsell och Lars Trädgårdh, Stockholm: Ersta Sköndal högskola , 2015, p. 217-230Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 883.
    Wallman Lundåsen, Susanne
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    von Essen, Johan
    Ersta Sköndal högskola.
    Medborgerligt engagemang: Klassresa eller klassklyfta?2015Report (Other academic)
  • 884.
    Wallman Lundåsen, Susanne
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences. Ersta Sköndal Högskola.
    Wollebaek, Dag
    Institutt for samfunnsforskning.
    Diversity and Community Trust in Swedish Local Communities2013In: Journal of Elections, Public Opinion, and Parties, ISSN 1745-7289, E-ISSN 1745-7297, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 299-321Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses the effect of immigration-related diversity on different forms of trust through the hierarchical analysis of three levels of approximately 5,000 respondents nested in over 800 neighbourhoods and 33 municipalities. The data set is based on a unique survey that was specially designed to measure different forms of trust and to test the effects of context. Building on previous findings about the effect of diversity on various forms of trust in Sweden, we discuss three mechanisms through which diversity may drive down community trust in diverse settings – dissimilarity, perceptions of unfairness and asymmetry of information and norms – and explore these empirically. In particular, we examine under which conditions asymmetry of information and norms and perceptions of unfairness affect community trust, and how it interacts with diversity. Our analysis reveals that norm asymmetry and perceptions of unfairness affect community trust negatively but the negative effects are more pronounced in the most diverse local communities.

  • 885.
    Warne, Maria
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Högberg, Lovisa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Torget: en plats för hållbarhet ur ett socialt, ekologiskt, kulturellt och ekonomiskt perspektiv2017In: Hållbarhetens många ansikten: samtal, forskning och fantasier / [ed] Edith Andresen, Gustav Lidén, Sara Nyhlén, Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University , 2017, p. 64-71Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 886.
    Weisner, Johan
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Åhlund, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Tjänstemäns uppfattning av risker, hot och våldssituationer - Vid Kronofogdemyndigheten2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 887.
    Wessel, Emilia
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Nordlund, Linnea
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    ''Det har blivit ett fängelse'': En kvalitativ studie om hur vardagslivet för äldre personer påverkas till följd av direkt och indirekt viktimisering av inbrott2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Perpetrators often get a lot of attention while the victims of crime usually remain silent. This study is victimological and focuses on individuals that have been victims of crime. A particularly vulnerable group of people is the elderly. The purpose of this study is to identify older people's experienced behaviors and experienced personal consequences that have appeared after being the victim of burglary in their own home. In this qualitative study 12 individuals have been interviewed and with a qualitative content analysis five categories were produced: practical consequences, control, locking the door, personal consequences and no personal consequences. The majority of those who had been victims of burglary in their own home experienced a fear of crime and a changed behavior in their daily life. Two themes have been identified from the interviews; personal consequences as experienced by the participants and protective measures against burglary. Due to the fear of becoming a victim of crime, the individuals adopted the protective measures.

  • 888.
    Westerberg, Lena
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Wikman, Anette
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Hälsofrämjande beteende utanför arbetstid?: En attitydundersökning på studerande med arbetslivserfarenhet i Jämtland.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 889.
    Westman, Therese
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    "Samhörighet, att känna när man kommer att man behövs. Att få känna att man finns och är": En studie om ett socialt företags betydelse, sett ur ett grundarperspektiv och ett deltagarperspektiv.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan samhall blev vinstdrivande har allt fler människor blivit sysselsatta inom arbetsintegrerande sociala företag, eller sociala företag som man brukar säga. År 2012 var den siffran uppe i närmare en halv miljon, så att de sociala företagen är viktig råder det inget tvivel om. Denna studie har undersökt ett sådant socialt företags betydelse sett ur ett grundarperspektiv, och ett deltagarperspektiv. Studien är genomförd med hjälp av kvalitativa intervjuer med två företagsgrundare, och fyra deltagare. Syftet var att undersöka, hur deltagaren ser på sin delaktighet inom företaget, vilka erfarenheter har det gett, och vilken betydelse har det inneburit att få ingå i det sociala företaget? Och ur grundarperspektivet undersöktes: vad som var avsikten med att starta det sociala företaget, samt hur ser man på sitt ledarskap, som skulle besvaras. Resultatet visade att för deltagaren har det sociala företaget inneburit att den har fått möjlighet att prova på olika arbetsuppgifter, med ökad arbetslivserfarenhet som följd. Det har varit betydelsefullt att få vara en del av företaget på olika sätt, bland annat att det för en deltagare inte hade funnits något annat alternativ enligt egen utsago. Vidare visade resultatet att från ett grundarperspektiv så var avsikten med att starta företaget att ge de människor i samhället som behövde få komma in i en gemenskap möjligheten till det, och att de där skulle få känna sig betydelsefulla.

  • 890.
    Wiklund, Annikki
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Wennerholm, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Riskfaktorer hos unga män som begått våld med dödlig utgång2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ungdomsbrottslighet konstateras vara ett samhällsproblem där unga män visar överrepresentation som förövare till våldsbrott. Mellan åldrarna 15-20 anses individer vara mest brottsaktiva. Laub och Sampson (2003) förklarar brottslighetens uppkomst och avslut utifrån tre delar, där uppväxt, strukturella- och individuella faktorer har en tydlig inverkan på individen. Svaga sociala band till familj och samhälle kan ge en svagare informell social kontroll, vilket i sin tur kan öka risken för att begå brott. Syftet med litteraturstudien var att belysa de faktorer som påverkar ungdomar av manligt kön att begå dödligt våld. Till sökningen av litteratur användes inklusionskriterier där artiklarna skulle ha gärningsmannaperspektiv och dödligt våld vara begånget. Exkludering gjordes av specifika typer av dödligt våld samt artiklar utförda på enbart kvinnor. Systematiska sökningar utfördes i databaserna Pubmed och PsycINFO, där nio artiklar, fem från Europa, fyra från USA, valdes ut efter att en artikelgranskning gjorts. Kvaliteten på artiklarna granskades utifrån fem kvalitetskriterier som poängsattes, därefter räknades ett medelvärde ut och kvaliteten bedömdes på en tregradig skala: hög, medel, låg. Resultatet beskriver de riskfaktorer som påträffats hos ungdomarna, mest framträdande bland forskning var: uppväxtförhållanden, strukturell påverkan, alkohol/droger samt olika former av psykisk ohälsa. Samtliga tidigare nämnda riskfaktorer visas ha en stark inverkan på individers risk för att dödligt våld. Flertalet studier menar att förekomsten av flera riskfaktorer, ökar risken för ungdomar att begå våld med dödligt utgång. Detta bekräftar till viss del Laub och Sampsons (2003) teori som uttrycker de strukturella faktorernas påverkan på de individuella faktorerna som i sin tur påverkar individens beslutstagande.

  • 891.
    Wilhelmsson, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Coca yes, cocain no!: En fallstudie om koka-kokainpolitiken med social kontroll i Bolivia 2006-2011.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 892.
    Willander, Johan
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences. Psykologiska Institutionen, Stockholms Universitet.
    Karlsson, Kristina
    Psykologiska Institutionen, Stockholms Universitet.
    Sikström, Sverker
    Psykologiska Institutionen, Lunds Universitet.
    The semantic representation of event information depends on the cue-modality: An instance of meaning based retrieval.2013In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, no 10, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 893.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    GARCH model and predictive performance of volatility forecasting: Evidence from oil market2015In: World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, ISSN 1746-0573, E-ISSN 1746-0581, Vol. 11, no 4, p. 345-357Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the predictive performance of the GARCH (1, 1) model in forecasting the return volatility of the three major items on the oil market, WTI crude, Brent crude and heating oil, for horizons of one, five, twenty and thirty days ahead. The empirical results indicate that the predictive performance of the GARCH model is best for short horizons, from one day ahead for WTI, one to five days ahead for Brent and one to twenty days ahead for heating oil, at the 5% significant level. For horizons from twenty days ahead, no robust forecasting model can be observed for any of these items. Thus, although the results show that the GARCH (1, 1) model has high predictive performance in forecasting the volatility for the short-term horizons, it cannot produce reliable results when the forecast horizon increases. The findings also show how volatility clustering on returns emerges on the oil market, which creates periods of high volatility followed by small movements.

  • 894.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Öhman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Substitute or complement?: The use of trade credit as a financing source among SMEs2017In: Management Research Review, ISSN 2040-8269, E-ISSN 2040-8277, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 10-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This study aims to investigate trade credit as a financing source among small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), particularly the influence of short-term debt, long-term debt and profitability on the use of such credit. Design/methodology/approach: Ordinary least squares (OLS), fixed-effects and generalized method of moments (GMM) system models were used to analyze a large cross-sectional panel data set of 15,897 Swedish SMEs in five industry sectors for the 2009-2012 period. Findings: The study provides empirical evidence that long-term debt and profitability each significantly and negatively influence trade credit (i.e. accounts payable) and that short-term debt positively influences trade credit. Notably, while trade credit seems to complement other short-term debt, it replaces long-term debt. Moreover, firm size in terms of sales is positively related and firm age is negatively related to accounts payable. Industry affiliation is another significant explanatory variable. Practical implications: The results provide debt holders, potential investors, policymakers and academic researchers with insights into the relationship between trade credit demand, on the one hand, and external financing (i.e. short- and long-term debt) and internal retained earnings (i.e. profit), on the other. From a manager’s perspective, the findings may be important for decision-making regarding trade credit use. Originality/value: When investigating trade credit determinants, the literature has seldom distinguished between short- and long-term debt and considered that they may influence the use of trade credit in different ways. The present study adds to the literature by using OLS, fixed-effects and GMM system models to analyze a large cross-sectoral sample in a high-tax country where both bank loans and trade credit are considered important financing instruments.

  • 895.
    Yhr, David
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Östman, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Blir räddningstjänsten påverkade av allmänheten på en skadeplats?: En kvalitativ studie av hur räddningstjänstens arbete kan bli påverkat av allmänheten på en skadeplats2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 896.
    Ytterberg, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ådjers, Oliver
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Medias beskrivning av Navet: En studie om media, brott och trygghet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Tidigare studier har visat att när media valt att endast fokusera på negativa händelser samtidigt som positiva händelser utelämnats om en plats kunde detta bidra till att ett område kunde få ett dåligt rykte. Syftet med studien var att ta reda på hur media har beskrivit och rapporterat nyheter om Navet samt rapportera om brottsstatistik i Sundsvall och på Navet. I studien tillämpades kvantitativ metod genom en innehållsanalys och data var sammanställd i SPSS. Studiens resultat visade beskrivningar från media av Navet. Datan baserades på ett kodningsformulär som utgjorde om medias rapportering om Navet samt undersökte variabeln"Geografiskt område" gällande narkotikarelaterade artiklar i Sundsvall stad. För studien användes 96 artiklar om Navet samt 82 artiklar gällande variabeln "Geografiskt område" i Sundsvall stad. De artiklar som analyserades var hämtade från Sveriges Radio, SundsvallsTidning samt Sveriges Television och var publicerade år 2016. Resultaten från uppsatsen byggde även på brottsstatistik från Polisen gällande brott i Sundsvall centrum och narkotikabrott i Sundsvall stad. Resultaten visade att Navet framställdes i media som en negativ plats och att media valde att fokusera på droger och otrygghet i högst utsträckning. Data analyserades utifrån teorin Ecological Labeling vilket möjligen kunde förklara hur media kan ha bidragit till att Navet kan ha stämplats som en negativ och otrygg plats i Sundsvall.

  • 897.
    Zampoukos, Kristina
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Knutsen, Hege Merete
    Department of Sociology and Human Geography, University of Oslo.
    Bjerga Kiil, Majken
    Department of Sociology and Human Geography, University of Oslo.
    Olofsdotter, Gunilla
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Swedish temp nurses and agency warehouse workers in Norway: Negotiating and strategizing the spatiotemporalities of the migrant worker2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we seek to contribute to the theorization of migrant workers’ ability to strategize around their mobility by exploring the labour mobilities of Swedish agency warehouse workers and temp nurses working in Norway. Nurses and warehouse workers obviously differ in terms of for instance skills and market power, and these differences clearly impact on their mobility strategies. However, our findings also point to the plasticity of workers’ mobility strategies, with workers who make up their pathways as they go and/or as circumstances change. In this paper, therefore, we argue that the intentional, purposive agency as emphasized by the notion of ‘strategy’ (as in ‘mobility strategy’) needs to be complemented by a conceptualization of agency that includes (erratic) probing.  Mobility strategies evolve as workers negotiate the spatiotemporalities typically involved in the existence of the migrant worker, i. e. the lives and places that they have (temporarily) left behind, the present situation as temps/agency workers in the host country, and the future that lies ahead. Following from this, we argue that workers mobility agency is imbued as well as informed by the spatiotemporalities of the ‘past-space’, the ‘now-space’ and the ‘may-be space’.   

  • 898.
    Zampoukos, Kristina
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Knutsen, Hege Merete
    Universitetet i Oslo, Norge.
    Kiil, Maiken Bjerga
    Universitetet i Oslo, Norge.
    Olofsdotter, Gunilla
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Mobile with an agency: Negotiating the spatiotemporalities of the temp migrant worker2018In: Geoforum, ISSN 0016-7185, E-ISSN 1872-9398, Vol. 93, p. 40-47, article id GEOF_2541Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Several calls have been made by labour geographers in support for a more thorough investigation and theorization of labour as an active agent in the production of economic geographies. The present paper responds to this challenge by examining how Swedish agency warehouse workers and temp nurses working in Norway act and think in relation to mobility and how certain spatiotemporalities come into play in the mobility agency of individual workers. Though we are particularly concerned with the ambiguities involved in the relationship between mobility, agency and power, a second objective is to contribute to the theorization of how space and time matters to mobile workers. Drawing on data from twenty interviews with Swedish temp nurses and six focus group interviews with Swedish agency warehouse workers, and by combining several strands of literature ranging from current research on mobilities and migration to the work of classical scholars in geography and sociology, we propose that a ‘trialectics of spatiotemporalities’ is part and parcel of workers’ mobility agency. Furthermore, our findings suggest that the purposive agency as emphasized for instance by the notion of ‘mobility strategy’ needs to be complemented by a conceptualization of agency that includes what we term (erratic) probing. We conclude that labour mobility may be strategic and a sign of power, but not always and everywhere, and not in any pure sense.

  • 899.
    Zimic, Sheila
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information and Communication systems.
    Giritli Nygren, Katarina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Visual representations 'the young generation' from the standpoint of young girls2015In: Being young in neoliberal time: challenges and possibilities for resistance and social change. / [ed] Katja Gillander Gådin and Claudia Mitchell, Mid Sweden University , 2015Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 900.
    Zinn, Jens
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Utilising Corpus Linguistic Tools for Analysing Social Change in Risk2018In: Researching Risk and Uncertainty: Methodologies, Methods and Research Strategies / [ed] Anna Olofsson & Jens Zinn, Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, p. 337-366Chapter in book (Other academic)
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