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  • 701.
    Andersson, Erik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Willis, Sarah J.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Holmberg, Hans-Christer
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Ørtenblad, Niels
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Energy System Contributions And Determinants Of Performance In Classical Sprint Cross-Country Skiing2014In: Proceedings for the 19th ECCS in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 702.
    Andersson, Erika
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Falk, Ida
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    SJUKSKÖTERSKANS PREVENTIVA ARBETEFÖR ATT FÖREBYGGA TRYCKSÅR: – En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Trycksår är ett vanligt problem inom sjukvården som skapar stort lidande för dedrabbade. Trycksår är skador i huden och/eller underliggande vävnad, vanligtvis där benligger nära huden. Detta uppstår främst som resultat av tryck eller tryck i kombination medskjuvning. Syfte: Syftet var att belysa sjuksköterskans preventiva arbete för att förebyggatrycksår samt sjuksköterskans behov för att kunna förebygga trycksår. Metod: Totaltinkluderades 15 artiklar i litteraturöversiktens resultat. Artiklarna valdes ut systematiskt föratt finna studier som svarade till litteraturöversiktens syfte. Artiklarna som valdes ut varkvalitativa, kvantitativa och av mixad design. Resultat: Sjuksköterskans arbetsuppgifter idet preventiva arbetet mot trycksår inkluderade samarbete med andra professioner,dokumentation, utförande av riskbedömningar samt att tillgodose patienternas behov avnäring och utförande av hudvård. Sjuksköterskan försökte även få patienterna delaktiga i sinvård genom att ge rikligt med information. För att göra detta möjligt hade sjuksköterskan ettbehov av adekvat utrustning som exempelvis tryckreducerande madrasser, glidlakan ochkilkuddar samt utbildning för att bibehålla kunskap inom området.Diskussion: Sjuksköterskor behöver adekvat utbildning och utrustning för att bedriva engod omvårdnad och ett trycksårsförebyggande arbete som främjar patientens förutsättningarför att bli oberoende. Slutsats: Fortbildning samt kvalitetssäkrad utrustning kan ses som enförutsättning för sjuksköterskans preventiva arbete mot trycksår. Framtida forskning börfokusera på mer delaktiga patienter i form av egenvård för ett trycksårsförebyggande arbete.

  • 703.
    Andersson, Eva
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Knutsson, Anders
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Hagberg, S.
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Nilsson, T.
    Sundsvall Hospital.
    Karlsson, B.
    Umeå University.
    Alfredsson, L.
    Karolinska Institute.
    Torén, K.
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Incidence of asthma among workers exposed to sulfur dioxide and other irritant gases2006In: European Respiratory Journal, ISSN 0903-1936, E-ISSN 1399-3003, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 720-725Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study was to investigate whether repeated peak exposure (gassings) to sulphur dioxide (SO2) and other irritant gases increases the risk of new-onset asthma. A questionnaire was sent to 4,112 sulphite workers, of whom 1,919 completed the questionnaire and 396 completed the short-form questionnaire, which was sent out as a last reminder. A sample of 130 nonrespondents completed a telephone interview using the short-form questionnaire. The incidence of adult-onset, physician-diagnosed asthma during employment duration was analysed in relation to exposure to SO2 and gassings giving rise to respiratory symptoms. Incidence rates, as well as incidence rate ratios with 95% confidence interval (CI), were calculated. Further Cox regression models were used allowing assessment of hazard ratios (HR) stratified for sex and adjusted for atopy, smoking habits and age. The incidence rate for asthma among sulphite mill workers reporting gassings of SO2 was 6.2 out of 1,000 person-yrs, compared with 1.9 out of 1,000 person-yrs among subjects unexposed to SO2 and any gassings (HR (95% CI) 4.0 (2.1-7.7)). Among males reporting gassings to SO2, the HR (95% CI) for asthma was 5.8 (2.6-13) compared with unexposed males. In conclusion, repeated peak exposure to sulphur dioxide increased the incidence of asthma during work in sulphite pulp mills, which supports the hypothesis of irritant-induced asthma.

  • 704.
    Andersson, Eva-Britt
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Karlsson, Angelica
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Distriktssköterskans upplevelse av att utföra palliativ vård inom hemjukvård2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 705.
    Andersson, Evelina
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Lidmark, Malin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Mötet med den våldsutsatta kvinnan: - Sjuksköterskans perspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund:

    Våld mot kvinnor är ett universellt och allvarligt folkhälsoproblem som påverkar kvinnors fysiska och psykiska hälsa samt kränker hennes mänskliga rättigheter. Vanligast är att bli utsatt för våld av sin partner och globalt har 38 % av morden på kvinnor begåtts av en partner.

    Syfte:

    Att belysa sjuksköterskans perspektiv på bemötandet av den våldsutsatta kvinnan.

    Metod:

    En allmän litteraturöversikt där elva vetenskapliga artiklar har granskats och sammanställts.

    Resultat:

    Sjuksköterskan upplevde rädsla och osäkerhet i mötet vilket bidrog till att det var svårt att fråga kvinnan om våld. När kvinnovåldet bekräftades framkallades olika känslor hos sjuksköterskan och hon blev känslomässigt involverad. Sjuksköterskan agerade i situationen genom att vidta olika åtgärder.

    Diskussion:

    Ett bra bemötande bygger på att våldsutsatta kvinnor behöver bli behandlade med respekt och bli tagna på allvar. Sjuksköterskans bemötande betraktas som betydelsefullt eftersom ett dåligt bemötande kan leda till att patienter undviker att söka vård och lidandet kan därmed kvarstå.

    Slutsats:

    Ett sätt att minska sjuksköterskornas osäkerhet kan vara att införa simuleringar, handlingsplaner, screening, utbildningsdagar eller införa ämnet i sjuksköterskeutbildningen. Detta kan stärka självsäkerheten hos sjuksköterskor och övrig vårdpersonal att våga bemöta problemet.

  • 706.
    Andersson, Evelyn
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Revisorers hållbarhetsrådgivning: - finns möjligheten för revisorer att erbjuda rådgivning inför hållbarhetsarbetet?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 707.
    Andersson, Ewa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Distinctions in cultural production: the case of the Swedish indies2011In: 1st global conference: Urban Popcultures, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 708.
    Andersson, Ewa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Distinctions in Cultural Production: The Case of the Swedish Indies2012In: Hidden Cities: Understanding Urban Popcultures / [ed] Leonard R. Koos, Inter-Disciplinary Press, 2012Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 709.
    Andersson, Ewa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Entreprenörskap i musikbranschen: Sveriges Sociologförbunds årsmöteskonferens2007Conference paper (Other scientific)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under de senaste åren har musikbranschen genomgått stora förändringar. Skivförsäljningen minskar till följd av, bland annat, nedladdningen av musik. Marknaden domineras i stort av de fyra så kallade majorbolagen; EMI, BMG/Sony, Warner och Universal. Under 2005 hade dessa fyra 83 procent av marknadsandelarna i Sverige. Övriga marknadsandelar står de så kallade oberoende skivbolagen för. Denna studie inriktar sig på dessa oberoende bolag. Fokus ligger på vilken anda som finns i branschen och tar sin utgångspunkt i motsättningen mellan den romantiska och den kapitalistiska ideologin � eller den intellektuella och kommersiella om man så vill � vilket är ideologier som tidigare lyfts fram av t.ex. Bourdieu och Stratton som närvarande inom såväl musikbranschen som kulturindustrin i stort.

  • 710.
    Andersson, Ewa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Framgångssyn bland svenska oberoende skivbolag2008In: Sociologförbundets årskonferens i Östersund, 31/8-1/2 2008, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 711.
    Andersson, Ewa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ge mig nåt som känns!: Uppfattningar om framgång bland svenska oberoende skivbolag2008Other (Other academic)
  • 712.
    Andersson, Ewa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Masculine independency2013In: ESA 2013 Torino: Crisis, Critique and Change, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 713.
    Andersson, Ewa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Oberoendets praktik2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Independent Practice

    During the last hundred years, the music industry has evolved with the record labels playing a central role. However, many argue that this situation is about to change as record sales have decreased during the last ten years. This imminent change in the music industry will not only affect the multinational record labels, but also the independent record labels.  As record sales have decreased during the last ten years, the number of members in the Swedish Independent Music Producers Association (SOM) has increased and the association now includes 300 independent record labels which are responsible for around 30 percent of the music being produced in Sweden. However, they can be considered a dominated group within the music industry, since they only have around 10 percent of the total market shares when it comes to selling figures. Considering the changes in record sales, the domination of the major record labels and the somewhat fascinating growth of independent actors during turbulent times, this thesis will study how the Swedish independent actors relate to the practices and ideals relevant in the daily work of running an independent record label. The practices studied in this thesis are the practice of work, the practice of recognition and the practice of content production.

    The purpose of this thesis is to analyse how independence is constructed among the members of SOM. The thesis is based on material collected in a web survey as well as seven interviews with representatives of indie labels. The web survey was distributed to all members of SOM, and the interviewed informants were selected by snowball sampling, using a locator to find informants. The survey material was analysed with cluster and variance analysis, while the interview material was analysed using content analysis – searching for themes connected to the practices. All material is understood through the theoretical frame of the field theory.

    The main results of the study are that there are different ways of relating to practices among the Swedish independent actors, and that these ways of relating are closely connected to their position within the field. There are common ways of relating to practices such as always promoting DIY, the importance of music and the need to resist the dominance of the major labels. However, the independent actors are not consistent in how these commonalities work in practice. For example, DIY is not applied if it is not economically necessary, and the need to resist the major labels is only apparent when the independent actor has a weaker position within the field. The more established an independent actor is within the field, the lesser resistant he is against the dominating structures of the music industry.  As a result of a weakening resistance against the major labels, the independent actors turn to struggle each other.

  • 714.
    Andersson, Ewa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The rationalization of cultural value: a study of independent record labels in Sweden2010In: XVII ISA World Congress of Sociology: Sociology on the move, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 715.
    Andersson, Ewa
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Institutionen för Kvinnor och barns hälsa.
    Christensson, Kyllike
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Womens & Childrens Hlth, Div Reprod Hlth, SE-171770 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hildingsson, Ingegerd
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences. Karolinska Inst, Dept Womens & Childrens Hlth, Div Reprod Hlth, SE-171770 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Mothers’ satisfaction with group antenatal care versus individual antenatal care: A clinical trial2013In: Sexual & Reproductive HealthCare, ISSN 1877-5756, E-ISSN 1877-5764, Vol. 4, no 3, p. 113-120Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective The aim of this study was to compare women's satisfaction with group based antenatal care and standard care.

    Design A randomised control trial where midwives were randomized to perform either GBAC or standard care. Women were invited to evaluate the two models of care. Data was collected by two questionnaires, in early pregnancy and six months after birth. Crude and adjusted odds ratios with a 95% confidence interval were calculated by model of care.

    Settings Twelve antenatal clinics in Sweden between September 2008 and December 2010.

    Participants Women in various part of Sweden (n=700).

    Findings In total, 8:16 variables in GBAC versus 9:16 in standard care were reported as deficient. Women in GBAC reported significantly less deficiencies with information about labour/birth OR 0.16 (0.10–0.27), breastfeeding OR 0.58 (0.37–0.90) and time following birth OR 0.61 (0.40–0.94). Engagement from the midwives OR 0.44 (0.25–0.78) and being taken seriously OR 0.55 (0.31–0.98) were also found to be less deficient. Women in GBAC reported the highest level of deficiency with information about pregnancy OR 3.45 (2.03–5.85) but reported less deficiency with time to plan the birth OR 0.61 (0.39–0.96). In addition, women in GBAC more satisfied with care in supporting contact with other parents OR 3.86 (2.30–6.46) and felt more support to initiate breastfeeding OR 1.75 (1.02–2.88).

    Conclusions Women in both models of care considered the care as deficient in more than half of all areas. Variables that differed between the two models favoured group based antenatal care.

  • 716.
    Andersson, Ewa
    et al.
    Inst för Kvinnors och Barns hälsa, Karolinska Institutet.
    Christensson, Kyllike
    Inst för Kvinnors och Barns Hälsa, Karolinska Instituet.
    Hildingsson, Ingegerd
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Parents' experiences and perceptions of group-based antenatal care in four clinics in Sweden2012In: Midwifery, ISSN 0266-6138, E-ISSN 1532-3099, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 442-448Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: group-based antenatal care consists of six to nine two-hour sessions in which information is shared and discussed during the first hour and individual examinations are conducted during the second hour. Groups generally consist of six to eight pregnant women. Parent education is built into the programme, which originated in the United States and was introduced in Sweden at the beginning of the year of 2000. Objective: to investigate parents' experiences of group antenatal care in four different clinics in Sweden. Method: a qualitative study was conducted using content analysis five group interviews and eleven individual interviews with parents who experienced group-based antenatal care. An interview guide was used. Settings: the study was set in four antenatal clinics that had offered group-based antenatal care for at least one year. The clinics were located in three different areas of Sweden. Participants: the participants were women and their partners who had experienced group-based antenatal care during pregnancy. Other criteria for participation were mastery of the Swedish language and having followed the care programme. Findings: three themes emerged, 'The care-combining individual physical needs with preparation for parenthood, refers to the context, organisation, and content of care'. Group antenatal care with inbuilt parent education was appreciated, but respondents reported that they felt unprepared for the first few weeks after birth. Their medical needs (for physical assessment and screening) were, however, fulfilled. The theme, 'The group-a composed recipient of care', showed the participants role and experience. The role could be passive or active in groups or described as sharers. Groups helped parents normalise their symptoms. The theme, 'The midwife-a controlling professional', showed midwives are ignorant of gender issues but, for their medical knowledge, viewed as respectable professionals. Key conclusions: in the four clinics studied, group-based antenatal care appeared to meet parents' needs for physical assessment and screening. Parents identified that the groups helped them prepare for birth but not for parenthood. The group model created a forum for sharing experiences and helped participants to normalise their pregnancy symptoms. Implications for practise: the midwife's role in facilitating group-based antenatal care demands new pedagogical strategies and approaches.

  • 717.
    Andersson, Ewa
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Institutionen för Kvinnor och barns hälsa.
    Christensson, Kyllike
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Hildingsson, Ingegerd
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Swedish midwives' perspectives on group based antenatal care.2014In: International Journal of Childbirth, ISSN 2156-5287, E-ISSN 2156-5295, Vol. 4, p. 240-249Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 718.
    Andersson, Ewa
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Giritli Nygren, Katarina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Every indie in its place2012In: 2nd global conference: Urban Popcultures, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 719.
    Andersson, Ewa
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm.
    Hildingsson, Ingegerd
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences. Uppsala University, Uppsala.
    Mother's postnatal stress: an investigation of links to various factors during pregnancy and post-partum2016In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 30, no 4, p. 782-789Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Higher levels of parental stress have long-term effects on children's health and could lead to dysfunction in the parent–child interaction. Different background factors can be predictors of high parental stress. Aim: The aim of this study was to examine parental stress among Swedish women and identify different factors linked to women's parental stress. Method: About 702 women were recruited to a clinical study and followed up six months after birth. Data were collected by two questionnaires, and 279 women completed the Swedish Parental Stress Questionnaire (SPSQ). Findings: Less than very good mental health and depressive symptoms after birth were strongly associated with parental stress, and the strongest association was found between post-partum depressive symptoms and high levels of stress in the subscale Incompetence. Multiparity was associated with high stress in two subscales, and lower level of education was a protective factor for stress in nearly all subscales. Conclusions: Depressive symptoms and perceived poor mental health post-partum are the most important factors related to high parental stress. The results point to the importance of identifying and supporting mothers with depressive symptoms, since these women have both mental illness and increased stress.

  • 720.
    Andersson F, Nathalie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Education.
    Sundén, Angelica
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Education.
    Nätmobbning: Skolpersonalens syn på nätmobbning2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 721.
    Andersson, Felicia
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Education.
    Jordahl, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Education.
    Pedagogisk dokumentation i förskolan: – för vem och varför?En kvalitativ intervjustudie om pedagogisk dokumentation2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 722.
    Andersson, Felicia
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Kibe, Linnea
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Kommentarers påverkan på journalisterna: En studie om hur publikens interaktion via webben påverkar journalisterna och  hur det i sin tur påverkar journalistiken.2014Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Efter digitaliseringens framfart är det numera enkelt att som mediekonsument kommunicera med journalister och dess mediehus. Den här undersökningen fokuserar på hur publiken påverkar journalister i interaktionen via webben och hur det i sin tur påverkar journalistiken. Vi kom fram till att journalistiken inte påverkas av publiken i stor utsträckning. Men den ändras ibland på grund av rädsla för arga kommentarer eller påhopp. Interaktionen påverkar också journalistiken genom att nyheter skapas genom tips, råd och användarskapat innehåll. På så sätt har mediekonsumenter till viss del en inverkan på journalistiken.

  • 723.
    Andersson, Felicia
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Nedlund, Evelina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Invandringen till Sverige och hur medier gestaltar den: En uppsats om fyra svenska rikstäckande tidningars rapportering om invandring och deras överensstämmelse till verkligheten2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här uppsatsen är att undersöka hur invandring gestaltas i de fyra tidningarna Aftonbladet, Expressen, Dagens Nyheter och Svenska Dagbladet under tidsperioden januari 2010 till juni 2015. Den teori som uppsatsen har sin utgångspunkt i är gestaltningsteorin. Det uppstår ett problem om medierna gestaltar verkligheten på ett sätt som inte stämmer överens med den faktiska verkligheten. Eftersom nyheterna har en inverkan på människors attityder kan mediernas gestaltning av verkligheten också påverka deras bild av den faktiska verkligheten, vilket i sin tur kan påverka opinionen och demokratin. Resultaten visar att medierna rapporterat mer om flyktinginvandring än om någon annan typ av invandring. Tidningarna gestaltar även invandring som ett problem mer än dubbelt så ofta som den gestaltas som en tillgång. Det syns särskilt tydligt genom att den vanligaste gestaltningen är att invandring bidrar till att försvaga den sociala sammanhållningen i Sverige. En del av resultaten jämförs med statistik från Migrationsverket, vilket visar att den verklighet medierna förmedlar till stor del inte överensstämmer med den faktiska verkligheten.

  • 724.
    Andersson Forsberg, Andrea
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Johansson, Annie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Könad evenemangsmarknadsföring: En fallstudie om hur genus framställs i Storsjöyrans marknadsföring2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 725. Andersson, Fredrik
    1. Asymmetric aldol and alkylation reactions using pyrrolidine-based chiral auxiliaries 2. Syntheses of pine sawfly pheromone precursors and structurally related compounds2002Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 726.
    Andersson, Fredrik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information and Communication systems.
    Function Practice: Ett verktyg för att öva programmering2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As more and more people choose to learn programming it may be good to practicesolving problems by writing functions that can then be tested to see if theuser has succeeded. Function Practice is a service to be able to practice programmingin exactly this way, by solving tasks of writing functions in differentprogramming languages, the languages that will be used is Java, C ++ andPython. It also provides an easy and convenient way to create such tasks. Theaim of the project is to develop this service by creating a Web service that cancompile and run functions for the different languages, a website that users canwrite and test code, as well as a way to define the tasks to be solved, this is thentested with a user test in a smaller group to see how user-friendly it is, and thefunctionality is tested and compared with some previous solutions. The serviceis tested to see if additional security is needed by trying to run commands onthe host system. The conclusion of the project is that the functionality behindthe service works, however, that the website needs to be a little clearer for it tobe more user-friendly, and that the user should be able to get error messages incase something does not work to make it easier to know what they need to do.Security proves to be an important part when it is possible to execute commandson the host system which gives users full control of the system.

  • 727.
    Andersson, Fredrik Bo
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences.
    Patient’s perspective on Medication-Assisted Treatment for opioid addiction2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 728.
    Andersson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Hedenström, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Highly stereoselective alkylation of (S)-proline-based chiral auxiliaries2004In: Tetrahedron: asymmetry, ISSN 0957-4166, E-ISSN 1362-511X, Vol. 15, no 16, p. 2539-2545Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Alkylation of the enolates of the propanoylamides of two chiral auxiliaries (S)-(-)-2-(pyrrolidin-2-yl)propan-2-ol 1a and (S)-(-)-2-(2-methoxypropan-2-yl)pyrrolidine 1b, derived from (S)-proline, with benzyl bromide and n-butyl iodide has been studied. The auxiliaries 1a and 1b induced opposite selectivity that is (R)- and (S)-configuration, respectively, at the newly created stereogenic centre. The diastereoselectivities and conversion yields in these alkylations were moderate to excellent. When Cp2ZrCl2 was used as an enolate coordinating agent, benzylation of propanoylated 1b gave an excellent diastereomeric ratio of 99:1. The benzylated diastereomeric products from either propanoylated 1a or 1b were easily separated by liquid chromatography.

  • 729.
    Andersson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Hedenström, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Synthesis of two (S)-indoline-based chiral auxiliaries and their use in diastereoselective alkylation reactions2006In: Tetrahedron: asymmetry, ISSN 0957-4166, E-ISSN 1362-511X, Vol. 17, no 13, p. 1952-1957Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two chiral auxiliaries, 2-[(S)-indolin-2-yl]propan-2-ol 1a and (S)-2-(2-methoxypropan-2-yl)indoline 1b, were synthesised from enantiomerically pure (S)-indoline-2-carboxylic acid 3. High diastereoselectivities in alkylations of enolates of the propanoylamides derived from the two auxiliaries are presented. Surprisingly, both auxiliaries induced the same selectivity at the newly created stereogenic centre. The benzyl bromide and n-butyl iodide alkylation reactions showed diastereomeric ratios that were moderate (81:19) to very good (96:4) and with very good yields (86-98%). When LiCl was used as an enolate coordinating agent, in the benzylation of the enolate from propanoylated auxiliary 1a, a very high crude diastereomeric ratio was obtained (99.7:0.3).

  • 730.
    Andersson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Technology and Management, Mechanical Engineering and Mathematics.
    Skoglund, Per
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Technology and Management, Mechanical Engineering and Mathematics.
    Viktorsson, Jan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Technology and Management, Mechanical Engineering and Mathematics.
    Ainegren, Mats
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Technology and Management, Mechanical Engineering and Mathematics.
    A Portable Douglas Bag System2015In: Congress Proceedings: ICSNS 2015 / [ed] Hakkarainen Anni, Lindinger Stefan, Linnamo Vesa, 2015, p. 59-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 731.
    Andersson Fredriksson, Nathalie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Education.
    Sundén, Angelica
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Education.
    Nätmobbning: Skolpersonalens syn på nätmobbning2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie utgick vi från tre syften och det första syftet var att synliggöra hur skolpersonal i skolor arbetar med nätmobbning, studiens andra syfte var att se hur personalen kommunicerar med varandra angående arbetet med nätmobbning och studiens tredje syfte var att se vilka utmaningar respondenterna ser i arbetet kring nätmobbning. Tolv respondenter från olika delar av skolans verksamhet deltog i studien, de som deltog i studien var fritidspedagoger, grundskollärare, fältassistent, caféansvarig samt kurator. Vi använde oss av kvalitativa intervjuer vid empiriinsamlingen då vi önskade få en övergripande bild av hur arbetet mot nätmobbning såg ut. I vår analys använde vi oss av semistrukturerade intervjuer som vi sedan transkriberade med hjälp av inspelat material från intervjusamtalen, att använda sig av transkriberingar underlättade analysarbetet. Av studien framkom det att respondenterna anser att föräldrar har ett stort ansvar i det förebyggande arbetet, som ibland inte efterlevs och konflikter följde med in skolan och påverkade verksamhet. Studien visade också att majoriteten av respondenterna inte gör skillnad på traditionell mobbning och nätmobbning. Respondenterna berättade däremot att de jobbat mycket med värdegrundsfrågor och alltså inte med nätmobbning specifikt. Vår studie visar att samarbetet mellan skolpersonal och föräldrar behöver förbättras för att motverka och förebygga nätmobbning. Men även att ett förtydligande av skillnaden mellan traditionell- och nätmobbning är nödvändigt.

  • 732.
    Andersson, Frida
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Education.
    Arnosdotter, Theres
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Education.
    ”Dom tänker att han är en fegis”: - Förskolebarns uttryck kring könsnormer2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 733. Andersson, G.
    et al.
    Engström, Å
    Söderberg, Siv
    A chance to live: Women's experiences of living with a colostomy after rectal cancer surgery2010In: International Journal of Nursing Practice, ISSN 1322-7114, E-ISSN 1440-172X, Vol. 16, no 6, p. 603-608Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe women's experience of living with a colostomy after rectal cancer surgery. Interviews with five women about their experiences were subjected to thematic content analysis. The findings showed that receiving a cancer diagnosis gave rise to thoughts about life and death. For the women to feel comfortable, the information and health-care measures need to focus on supporting them through the entire process, also when the treatment is completed. After the surgery, the women adjusted to living with colostomy and carried on as before the cancer diagnosis, but they constantly worried about leakage or flatulence. The women were happy to have survived the cancer and this realization helped them to accept and have a good life with colostomy. In conclusion, women with colostomy because of rectal surgery need specific rehabilitation and nursing care that focuses on adjustment to temporary or permanent changes in life. © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

  • 734.
    Andersson, Greger
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Education.
    Brott och ideologi: -hur gestaltas brottslingar och hur förklaras kriminalitet ihögstadiets läroböcker i samhällskunskap?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims at analyzing the content of high school textbooks in social sciences, more specifically the field of law and order, and comparing this with the current research situation in the field. Another purpose is to investigate whether the new type of serious gang crime, which in particular has grown in various immigrant suburbs, adjacent to our largest cities, as reported in the media in recent years, has also looked into the textbooks. The essay uses a constructivist theory formation. The constructivist theory considers that different actors, based on their ideological positions, create different descriptions of current social phenomena, descriptions aimed at influencing the recipient to incorporate specific perceptions of reality and values. In this context, the teaching materials become a political product that is not so much about describing a social phenomenon as complex and objective as possible a complex, but, above all, it will be understood as the attempt of the various parties to convey their specific interpretations and interests of the phenomenon. The survey shows that all analyzing textbooks directly or indirectly highlight the men and adolescents group, and to some extent also people in an exposed psychosocial position that overrepresented in a criminal context. In cases where textbooks address statements about people committing crimes, socio-economic and psychosocial vulnerabilities are mentioned, as well as explanations of the social plane in terms of control and casualty structures. In this regard, textbooks fail to report a broad and current research on the mechanisms of crime. None of the textbooks deal with the new crime that has emerged in different socially vulnerable areas to our metropolitan areas, believing that this has gained a lot of space in the media and that the syllabuses in social sciences emphasize that the subject will highlight current social phenomena. All books consistently choose to not treat people it with a foreign background's overrepresentation in a criminal context. Nor should it be noted that some people have a biological vulnerability in committing crimes, for example, that individuals with ADHD diagnosis are heavily overrepresented in crime statistics.

  • 735.
    Andersson, Hanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Kommunikationsyrket - propaganda eller legitim profession?: En kvalitativ studie av kommunikationschefers upplevde roll och legitimitet inom kommunala organisationer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Problemformulering och syfte:
Kommunikationsbranschen har länge dragits med ett negativt rykte och studier har visat att allmänheten har lågt förtroende för kommunikatörer och deras arbete. Under de senaste tio åren har kommunikatörens legitimitet ifrågasatts av externa parter men studier visar även att interna parter stundvis motverkar branschens strävan mot ökad legitimitet och professionalisering. Syftet med denna studie var därför att göra en uppdaterad beskrivning av hur svenska kommunikationschefer uppfattar sin roll och legitimitet, om det hade förändrats sedan 2007 och i sådana fall på vilket sätt
Metod och material:
Studien baserades på åtta samtalsintervjuer med kommunikationschefer/-direktörer från åtta olika svenska kommuner, som kategoriserats som större stad.
Huvudresultat:
Resultatet visar att kommunikationschefer inom kommuner upplever att de fortfarande har en tydlig strategisk ledningsroll inom sina organisationer. De upplever också generellt både hög intern och extern legitimitet. Jämfört med en tidigare studie så har kommunikationschefens roll blivit tydligare och mer etablerad inom organisationer, de har fått högre intern legitimitet medan deras externa legitimitet upplevs oförändrad. Resultatet visar också att kommunikationsbranschen genomgår en utvecklings- och förändringsprocess som långsamt ökar kommunikatörers legitimitet, formar deras arbete och professionaliserar yrket. Detta sker dock inte homogent, olika organisationer har kommit olika långt i processen. Branschen måste arbeta med att öka allmänhetens kunskap om kommunikation och samtidigt möta ett ökat behov av kommunikationsbranschen.

     

  • 736.
    Andersson, Hanna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Adawe, Idil
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Haglund, Johanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Om du vill leka leken jag är dum men du är dummare” En jämförande fallstudie av svenska politikers strategiska kommunikation under SVTs partiledardebatt 2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 737.
    Andersson, Hanna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Burgos, Beatriz
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Erfarenheter från arbetet med män utsatta för partnervåld: En kvalitativ studie med volontärer inom mansjouren2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Partnervåld är ett omfattande samhällsproblem som utövas i större delen av världen och kan bestå av fysiskt, psykiskt och sexuellt våld. Problemet är vida diskuterat gällande kvinnors utsatthet för partnervåld, dock är inte mäns utsatthet lika uppmärksammat. Tidigare forskning visar även att det råder ett stort mörkertal kring detta. I Sverige finns det relativt få kvalitativa studier gällande mäns utsatthet för partnervåld, därmed ansågs en kvalitativ design vara en lämplig metod att använda i denna uppsats. Syftet med uppsatsen var att redogöra för hur ett urval volontärer inom olika mansjourer upplevde att mäns utsatthet för partnervåld har påverkat männens psykiska hälsa och sociala livssituation. Deltagarna bestod av åtta volontärer som var verksamma inom olika mansjourer i mellersta Sverige. Volontärernas upplevelser insamlades genom telefonintervjuer som låg till grund för analysen. I uppsatsen genomfördes en induktiv innehållsanalys som utmynnade i följande tre huvudteman: våldsutsatthet och psykisk påverkan, konsekvenser i den sociala livssituationen, och ambivalens gentemot myndigheter. Dessa huvudteman bestod av ett antal underteman som deltagarna på olika sätt ansåg påverka utsatta mäns psykiska hälsa. Hobfolls COR-teori stöder resultatet i föreliggande uppsats då likartade orsaker till psykologisk stress benämns i teorin. Att ha kännedom om den problematik som finns i dagens samhälle gällande mäns utsatthet för partnervåld, möjliggör ytterligare utveckling av stödinsatser för att erbjuda männen den hjälp de är i behov av. Slutligen kan en strävan om att förbättra attityder kring denna problematik leda till att fler våldsutsatta män söker hjälp.

  • 738.
    Andersson, Helen
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Esping, Charlotte
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Faktorer som hämmar sjuksköterskans tillämpning av forskningsresultat2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 739.
    ANDERSSON, HELENA
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Education.
    PÅLSSON, JESSICA
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Education.
    ”Vi sitter på botten men är på väg upp”: En studie om hur unga vuxna som varken studerar eller arbetar upplever att de påverkas av en samordnad verksamhet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 740. Andersson, Henirk
    et al.
    Höglin, J
    An anticipatory application for water regulation2004In: COMPUTING ANTICIPATORY SYSTEMS / [ed] Dubois, DM, AMER INST PHYSICS , 2004, Vol. 718, p. 516-524Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An anticipatory system is a system containing a predictive model of itself and/or of its environment, which allows the system to predict its future state. Such a system would be of great use for decision makers in water regulation. Our work has resulted in a prototype of an anticipatory simulation tool that functions as a decision support system for water regulation. The simulation tool simulates a simple water regulation system. First a model of a simple water regulation system was constructed. Based on that model the simulation tool was developed and improved by adding weak anticipation. Simulations with and without weak anticipation were run with real data. Evaluations of the simulations show an improved performance of the simulation tool when using weak anticipation compared to simulations without weak anticipation.

  • 741.
    Andersson, Henrik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Development of Process Technology for Photon Radiation Measurement Applications2007Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis presents work related to new types of photo detectors and their applications. The focus has been on the development of process technology and methods by means of experimentation and measurements. The overall aim has been to develop and improve photon radiation measurement applications which are possible to manufacture using standard Si processing technology.

    A new type of position sensitive detector that has switching possibilities based on the MOS principle has been fabricated and characterized. The influence of mechanical stress on the linearity of position sensitive detectors has been investigated. The results show that mechanical stress arising, for example, by the mounting of detectors in capsules can have an impact on device performance. Under normal circumstances these effects are rather small, but are considered to be worthwhile taking into account.

    Electroless deposition of Nickel including various dopants in porous silicon was performed to manufacture electrical contacts for this interesting material. After heat treatment it was confirmed by X-ray diffraction that Nickel silicide had been formed and I-V measurements show that different contacts exhibit Ohmic and rectifying behaviour.

    Spectrometers are used extensively in the process and food industry to measure both the chemical content and the amount of substances used during manufacturing. These instruments are often rather bulky and costly, though the trend is towards smaller and more portable equipment. A spectrometer based on an array of Fabry-Perot interferometers mounted close to an array detector is shown to be a viable option for the manufacture of a very compact device. Such a device has minimal intermediate optics and it may be possible, in the future, for it to be developed and completely integrated with a detector array into a single unit.

  • 742.
    Andersson, Henrik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Position Sensitive Detectors: Device Technology and Applications in Spectroscopy2008Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis deals with the development, processing and characterization of position sensitive detectors and, in addition, to the development of compact and cost effective spectrometers.

    Position sensitive detectors are used to measure, with great accuracy and speed, the position of a light spot incident on the surface. Their main use is for triangulation, displacement and vibration measurements.

    A type of position sensitive detector based on the MOS principle and using optically transparent indium tin oxide as a gate contact has been developed. This type of detector utilizes the MOS principle where an induced channel forms beneath the gate oxide in the surface of the Silicon substrate.

    One and two dimensional detectors have both been fabricated and characterized. The first measurements showed that the linearity did not fulfil expectations and it was suspected that stress induced by the gate contact could be the reason for the seemingly high nonlinearity.

    Further investigations into both the p-n junction and the MOS type position sensitive detectors lead to the conclusion that the indium tin oxide gate is responsible for inducing a substantial stress in the surface of the detector, thus giving rise to increased position nonlinearity. The heat treatment step which was conducted was determined to be critical as either a too short or too long heat treatment resulted in stress in the gate and channel leading to position nonlinearity. If a correctly timed heat treatment is performed then the detector’s linearity is in parity with the best commercial position sensitive detectors.

    In addition, the development of very small, compact and cost effective spectrometers has been performed with the aim of constructing devices for use in the process industry. The development of a wedge shaped array of Fabry-Perot interferometers that can be mounted directly on top of a detector makes it possible to construct a very compact spectrometer using the minimum amount of optics. This wedge interferometer has been evaluated by means of array pixel detectors and position sensitive detectors for both the infrared and the visible wavelength ranges.

    When used with a position sensitive detector it is necessary to use a slit to record the intensity of the interferogram for many points over the detector, equivalent to pixels on an array detector. Usually the use of moving parts in a spectrometer will impose the use of high precision scanning mechanisms and calibration. By using a position sensitive detector for the interferogram readout both the position and the intensity are known for every measurement point and thus the demands placed on the scanning system are minimized.

  • 743.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Andres, Britta
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of applied science and design.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Forsberg, Sven
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of applied science and design.
    Hummelgård, Magnus
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of applied science and design.
    Bäckström, Joakim
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of applied science and design.
    Zhang, Renyun
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of applied science and design.
    Olin, Håkan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of applied science and design.
    Contacting paper-based supercapacitors to printed electronics on paper substrates2012In: Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, ISSN 0283-2631, E-ISSN 2000-0669, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 476-480Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hybrid printed electronics, in which printed structures and silicon-based components co-exist will likely be among the first commercial solutions. In this case the paper substrate acts much in the same way as circuit boards, containing conductive tracks and acting as a carrier for the electrical components. It is important to consider the contacting of the components to be able to produce low resistance electrical contacts to the conductive tracks. Supercapacitors are able to deliver a large amount of current in a short time and are a good option for short term energy storage and if the printed product is to be used only one, or a few times, it can be the only power source needed. When manufacturing printed electronics, the overall resistance of the printed tracks as well as the contact resistance of the mounted components will add up to the total resistance of the system. A high resistance will cause a voltage drop from the power source to the component. This will waste power that goes to Joule heating and also the voltage and current available to components may be too low to drive them. If the intention is to use a power supply such as batteries or solar cells this becomes a limitation. In this article have been tested several conductive adhesives used to contact paper based supercapacitors to ink jet printed silver tracks on paper. The best adhesive gives about 0.3 Ω per contact, a factor 17 better compared to the worst which gave 5 Ω. The peak power that is possible to take out from a printed system with a flexible battery and super capacitors is about 10 times higher than compared with the same system with only the battery.

  • 744.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Bertilsson, Kent
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Thungström, Göran
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Nilsson, Hans-Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Processing and Characterization of a MOS Type Tetra Lateral Position Sensitive Detector with Indium Tin Oxide Gate Contact2008In: IEEE Sensors Journal, ISSN 1530-437X, E-ISSN 1558-1748, Vol. 8, no 9-10, p. 1704-1709Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A 2-D tetra lateral position sensitive detector (PSD) based on the metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOS) principle has been manufactured and characterized. The active area of the device is 5 nun x 5 mm and the intention is to use the central 4 nun x 4 nun for low nonlinearity measurements. The gate contact is made of indium tin oxide (ITO) that is a degenerate electrically conducting semiconductor, which, in addition, is also transparent in the visible part of the spectrum. The use of a MOS structure results in a processing with no necessity to use implantation or diffusion in order to make the resistive p-layer as in a conventional p-n junction lateral effect PSD. Position measurements show good linearity in the middle 4 nun x 4 mm area. Within the middle 2.1 mm x 2.1 mm, the nonlinearity is within 1.7% of the active area with a position detection error of maximum 60 mu m. Measured MOS IV characteristics are compared to a level 3 spice model fit and show good agreement. The threshold voltage is determined to be -0.03 V. Responsivity measurements show a high sensitivity in the visible spectral region.

  • 745.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Bylund, Nicklas
    CTRR, AB Sandvik Coromant.
    Thungström, Göran
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Nilsson, Hans-Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Analysis and improvement of the position nonlinearity caused by a residual stress in MOS-type position-sensitive detectors with indium tin oxide gate contact2008In: Semiconductor Science and Technology, ISSN 0268-1242, E-ISSN 1361-6641, Vol. 23, no 7, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, lateral effect position-sensitive detectors based on the MOS principle have been fabricated in lengths of 15 mm, 45 mm and 60 mm. The gate contact covering the active area consists of indium tin oxide which is a degenerate semiconductor transparent in the visible spectral range. Characterization and analysis have both been performed especially withparticular focus on the nonlinearity believed to be caused by stray stress induced in the inversion channel originating in the indium tin oxide gate contact. Stress in the channel will change the resistance in a non-uniform manner because of the piezoresistance effect, thus causing a nonlinearity in the position determination. It has been shown that the heat treatmentgreatly influences the linearity of the position-sensitive detectors. A heat treatment performed correctly results in 60 mm and 15 mm detectors with nonlinearity within ±0.1% and 45 mm detectors with nonlinearity within ±0.15% over 60% of the active length. This is an improvement over the previous results with this type of MOS position-sensitive detector. By performing a correctly timed heat treatment this PSD type has the potential to be used incommon position-sensing applications.

  • 746.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Hammarling, Krister
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Sidén, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Öhlund, Thomas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of applied science and design.
    Nilsson, Hans-Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Modified EAS Tag Used as a Resistive Sensor Platform2012In: MDPI Electronics, ISSN 2079-9292, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 32-46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, a modified design of an RF Radio Frequency Electronic ArticleSurveillance (EAS) tag, used as a sensor platform, is manufactured and characterized. EAStags are passive devices consisting of a capacitor and coil, tuned to a resonance frequencyreadable by the detector equipment, in this case 8.2 MHz. They were originally used todetect whether merchandise was being moved through the detection gates at shop exits, inwhich case an alarm was triggered. If the capacitance is divided in two and a resistivesensor device inserted in between, the resonant Inductor-Capacitor (LC) circuit becomes anInductor-Capacitor-Capacitor-Resistor LCCR circuit and can be used as a sensor tag. Ahigh sensor resistance means that one capacitor is decoupled, leading to one resonancefrequency, while a low resistance will couple both capacitances into the circuit, resulting ina lower resonance frequency. Different types of resistive sensors exist that are able todetect properties such as pressure, moisture, light and temperature. The tag is manufacturedin Aluminum foil on a polyetylentereftalat (PET) substrate, resulting in a cost effectiveRF-platform for various resistive sensors. Two types of tags are designed andmanufactured, one with parallel plate capacitors and the other with interdigital capacitors.To test the tags, a resistive tilt sensor is mounted and the tags are characterized using anetwork analyzer. It is shown that for high resistance, the tags have a resonance frequencyof more than 10 MHz while for low values the frequency approaches 8.2 MHz.

  • 747.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Lidenmark, Cecilia
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of applied science and design.
    Öhlund, Thomas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of applied science and design.
    Örtegren, Jonas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of applied science and design.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Forsberg, Sven
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Nilsson, Hans-Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Evaluation of coatings applied to flexible substrates to enhance quality of ink jet printed silver nano-particle structures2012In: IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging, and Manufacturing Technology, Part C, ISSN 1083-4400, E-ISSN 1558-1241, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 342-348Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Different types of the commercial surface treatment InkAid have been evaluated as a surface treatment to enhance print quality of silver nano-particle ink structures printed on polyimide and polyethene substrate. Originally these coatings have been specified to be applied on substrates for graphical ink jet printing. On the coated polyimide and polyethene substrates lines of different widths have been printed using a Dimatix materials printer together with silver nano-particle ink manufactured by Advanced Nano Products. The prints have then been evaluated in terms of print quality and resistivity before and after sintering. The results show that the application of these coatings can improve the print quality considerably, making it possible to print lines with a good definition, which is not  otherwise possible with this type of ink on this substrate types. It has been found that the coating Semi Gloss provides the best results, both in terms of print quality as well as the lowest resistivity. The resistivity on polyethene is 3.5*10-7Ωm at best when sintered at 150°C and for polyimide  8.9*10-8Ωm sintered at 200°C. This corresponds to a conductivity of about  4.5% and  18%of bulk silver, respectively. It can be concluded that applying such PVP based coatings to polyethene and polyimide will increase the print quality quite substantially, making it possible to print patterns with requirements of smaller line widths and more details than what is possible without coating.

  • 748.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Gao, Jinlan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Lidenmark, Cecilia
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Sidén, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Forsberg, Sven
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Unander, Tomas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design. Dewire AB, Sundsvall 85185, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Hans-Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Investigation of Humidity Sensor Effect in Silver Nanoparticle Ink Sensors Printed on Paper2014In: IEEE Sensors Journal, ISSN 1530-437X, E-ISSN 1558-1748, Vol. 14, no 3, p. Art. no. 6615915-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Thin inkjet-printed tracks of silver nanoparticles have previously been observed to show a non-reversible decrease in resistance when exposed to a high degree of relative humidity and thus providing sensor functionality with a memory effect. This paper provides a more in-depth explanation of the observed humidity sensor effect that originates from inkjet-printed silver nanoparticle sensors on a paper substrate. It is shown that the geometry of the sensor has a large effect on the sensor's initial resistance, and therefore also on the sensor's resistive dynamic range. The importance of the sensor geometry is believed to be due to the amount of solvent from the ink interacting with the coating of the paper substrate, which in turn enables the diffusion of salts from the paper coating into the ink and thus affecting the silver ink.

  • 749.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Haller, Stefan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Hummelgård, Magnus
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Sidén, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Hummelgård, Christine
    Acreo Swedish ICT AB.
    Olin, Håkan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Nilsson, Hans-Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Assembling surface mounted components on ink-jet printed double sided paper circuit board2014In: Nanotechnology, ISSN 0957-4484, E-ISSN 1361-6528, Vol. 25, p. Art. no. 094002-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Printed electronics is a rapidly developing field where many components can already be manufactured on flexible substrates by printing or by other high speed manufacturing methods. However, the functionality of even the most inexpensive microcontroller or other integrated circuit is, at the present time and for the foreseeable future, out of reach by means of fully printed components. Therefore, it is of interest to investigate hybrid printed electronics, where regular electrical components are mounted on flexible substrates to achieve high functionality at a low cost. Moreover, the use of paper as a substrate for printed electronics is of growing interest because it is an environmentally friendly and renewable material and is, additionally, the main material used for many packages in which electronics functionalities could be integrated. One of the challenges for such hybrid printed electronics is the mounting of the components and the interconnection between layers on flexible substrates with printed conductive tracks that should provide as low a resistance as possible while still being able to be used in a high speed manufacturing process. In this article, several conductive adhesives are evaluated as well as soldering for mounting surface mounted components on a paper circuit board with inkjet printed tracks and, in addition, a double sided Arduino compatible circuit board is manufactured and programmed.

  • 750.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Lidenmark, Cecilia
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Chemical Engineering.
    Gao, Jinlan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Öhlund, Thomas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Forsberg, Sven
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Chemical Engineering.
    Örtegren, Jonas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Schmidt, Wolfgang
    Schoeller Technocell GmbH and Co. KG, Burg Gretesch, D-49086, Osnabrück, Germany.
    Nilsson, Hans-Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    The influence of paper coating content on room temperature sintering of silver nanoparticle ink2013In: Nanotechnology, ISSN 0957-4484, E-ISSN 1361-6528, Vol. 24, no 45, p. Art. no. 455203-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The resistance of inkjet printed lines using a silver nanoparticle based ink can be very dependent on the substrate. A very large difference in resistivity was observed for tracks printed on paper substrates with aluminum oxide based coatings compared to silica based coatings. Silica based coatings are often cationized with polymers using chloride as a counter ion. It is suggested that the precipitation of silver salts is the cause of the high resistivity, since papers pretreated with salt solutions containing ions that precipitate silver salts gave a high resistance. Silver nitrate has a high solubility and paper pretreated with nitrate ions gave a low resistivity without sintering. The results obtained show that, by choosing the correct type of paper substrate, it is possible to manufacture printed structures, such as interconnects on paper, without the need for, or at least to reduce the need for, post-print sintering. This phenomenon is, of course, ink specific. Inks without or with a low silver ion content are not expected to behave in this manner. In some sensor applications, a high resistivity is desired and, by using the correct combination of ink and paper, these types of sensors can be facilitated.

12131415161718 701 - 750 of 25332
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