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  • 51. Aboelfotoh, M O
    et al.
    Fröjdh, Christer
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Petersson, Sture
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Schottky-barrier behavior of metals on n- and p-type 6H-SiC2003In: Physical Review B Condensed Matter, ISSN 0163-1829, E-ISSN 1095-3795, Vol. 67, no 7, 075312- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 52.
    Abraham, Winta
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ghirmai, Beilul
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Etnisk diskriminering En studie om universitetsstudenters upplevelser av etnisk diskriminering2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 210 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    r

    This study has focused on university students' perceptions and experiences of ethnic

    discrimination that occurs within university environments. The ethnic discrimination consists

    of categorizations based on ethnicity, nationality, cultural background and so forth. The study

    used qualitative method by conducting eight semi-structured interviews with the focus group

    of individuals between the ages 20 - 37 years. The result of the collected data illustrated that

    ethnic discrimination was directed towards a specific group, where the common denominator

    is that concerned individuals was evaluated, seen as "non – Swedish”. Normative beliefs

    about swedishness and immigrant status are seen as two different categorizations of groups

    that have formed a hidden ground of discrimination within the university environment. A

    characteristic feature of the discrimination structure and duration is its denial attitude in

    relation to the existence of discrimination. These attitudes are reflected in agencies,

    institutions and the responsible individuals who effectively treat individuals differently based

    on their ethnicity. The ethnic discrimination is based on attribution of distinctive features

    correlated with the individual characteristics that exist in every human being ignored. This

    disadvantage contributes to certain groups of individuals per systematics, is in a subordinate

    position regarding participation, influence and power. The central role of understanding ethnic

    discrimination and its structure and composition, is to analyze the exercise of power within

    the society and the institutions.

  • 53.
    Abrahamsson, Agneta
    et al.
    School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden .
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden .
    Gerdner, Arne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work. School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden .
    Sense of coherence of reindeer herders and other Samis in comparison to other Swedish citizens2013In: International Journal of Circumpolar Health, ISSN 1239-9736, E-ISSN 2242-3982, Vol. 72, no 1, Art. no. 20633- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. Samis are indigenous people in north Europe. In the territory called Sapmi (Lapland), reindeer herding is the traditional base for the Sami economy. The relation between living conditions and positive health of the Swedish Samis has been sparsely studied. As health is closely linked to sense of coherence (SOC), an understanding of the background factors to SOC may contribute knowledge that might be useful in promoting living conditions and health. Methods. The study examines relations between the level of SOC and background factors from surveys in a Sami population (n = 613) in comparison to a non-Sami population (n = 525) in Sweden, and in comparison between 2 subsamples of Samis, that is, herders and non-herders. Results. There are more similarities than differences between the Sami and non-Sami populations. However, dividing the Sami population, reindeer herders had significantly lower SOC, and in specific the subcomponent manageability, that is, less ability to use available resources to meet different demands in life, compared to non-herders. Conclusions. In addition to age and health, predictors of SOC are related to the life form of reindeer husbandry and the belonging to the herding community.

  • 54.
    Abrahamsson, Bengt
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för ledarskap och management.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för ledarskap och management.
    I brytpunkten mellan invasions- och insatsförsvar: utmaningar och möjligheter vid Försvarsmaktens reformering2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten lyfter fram ett antal anomalier och utmaningar som Försvarsmakten hotas av vid övergången från ett invasions- till ett insatsförsvar. De nya krigen kännetecknas av utdragna konflikter med kombinationer av militära och andra maktmedel och processer där hotet att sätta in militära resurser är vanligare än faktisk väpnad strid. Detta skapar behov av lokalkunskap, förhandlingsskicklighet, socialpsykologisk kunskap och kännedom om gradvis konfliktlösning. Frågor om etik och legitimitet accentueras. Sammantaget är de krav på förmågor som ställs bredare än tidigare och omfattar allt från krishantering vid låga konfliktnivåer, till väpnad strid mot en avancerad motståndare, nationellt som internationellt. Vilka visioner och mål som skall prägla det svenska militära engagemanget utomlands, och vad svenska soldater och officerare ska uträtta är oklart. Med dagens neddragningar av försvaret kan det dock bli problematiskt för Sverige att leva upp till både sina åtaganden internationellt, och bilden av sig själva som en modern försvarsmakt. Så länge denna fråga är otillräckligt besvarad riskerar också personalförsörjningen till Försvarsmakten att förbli osäker, och i avsaknad av tydliga huvudmannakrav bestäms en stor del av utvecklingen av verkställarens tolkning av verkligheten. 

  • 55.
    Abrahamsson, Erik
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Schagatay, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    A living based on breath-hold diving in the Bajau Laut2014In: Human Evolution, ISSN 0393-9375, Vol. 29, no 1-3, 171-183 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sea nomads or 'sea people,' namely the 'Bajau Laut' in the Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia are skilled divers, and many Bajau Laut make a living from freediving. Men do most of the spearfishing, but women also dive, predominantly for gathering sea food. They start to dive at an early age and spend most days of their lives on and in the sea. Our objective was to study their diving and way of life, to reveal if modern humans have the physiological potential for making a living from breath-hold diving for fishing and gathering. Bajau Laut were visited for a total of nine months, during three periods from 2010-2013, in a combined physiological and social-Anthropological study. The diving physiology studies focused on a total of 10 male divers, whose working day diving while spearfishing was logged with time-depth loggers. One group of 5 divers were engaged in shallow (5-7 m) spearfishing with an underwater working time of 60%, when diving for 2-9 h. The other group of 5 divers went to a mean depth of 10 m and had an underwater working time of 50%, when diving for 3-9 h per day. During that time, between one and eight kilograms of coral fish, blow fish, moray eels and octopuses were caught, per diver. Seafood collected by the women included clams, crustaceans, sea weed and sea cucumbers. Life among the Bajau Laut was much like it was 25 years ago, although in some areas the fish stock is diminishing, making it necessary for the Bajau Laut to spend more time in the water to obtain the same quantity of fish. It was concluded that modern humans do possess the physiological qualities necessary for making a living from hunting-gathering via breath-hold diving.

  • 56.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    Lunds universitet.
    Gremyr, Ida
    Chalmers.
    Kowalkowski, Christian
    Svenska handelshögskolan i Helsingfors.
    Lindahl, Marcus
    Uppsala universitet.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Rehn, Alf
    Åbo Akademi.
    Segerstedt, Anders
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Högskolan Jönköping.
    Öhman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Industriell ekonomi och organisering2015 (ed. 1:1)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 57.
    Abrahamsson, Louise
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Blom Haraldsson, Elina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Rörelsekapitalshantering i svenska SME-företag: Hur kundfordringar påverkar ett företags tillväxt och lönsamhet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Companies which are active on the market are in need of capital to finance their operations. In cases where external funding is not possible, the alternative is to see what is available within the company. Working capital binds large quantities of capital and consists of accounts receivable, accounts payable, inventory, and liquid assets. The management of these may result in the company having access to more liquid assets which can lead to increased profit and greater competitiveness. The aim of the study is to gain an understanding and investigate the effect of two performance variables by companies effectively use of trade receivables in Swedish small and medium-sized wholesale enterprises. The study focuses on studying the performance variables profit and growth. A company's age and size is also checked against these performance variables. To meet the aim, collection and analysis of 2675 corporate accounts has been made. The results show that profitability and growth are both affected positively by the use of accounts receivable in the working capital. This result proves that the management of working capital and value creation is important when working capital is considered to be the core of a business.

  • 58. Abramsson, Erika
    et al.
    Strömbäck, Jesper
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    EU-parlamentsvalet: En god eller dålig nyhet?2004Report (Other academic)
  • 59. Abrashev, M. V.
    et al.
    Bäckström, Joakim
    Borjesson, L.
    Pissas, M.
    Kolev, N.
    Iliev, M. N.
    Raman spectroscopy of the charge- and orbital-ordered state in La0.5Ca0.5MnO32001In: Physical Review B, Vol. 64, no 14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Polarized Raman spectra from microcrystals of La0.5Ca0.5MnO3 were studied as a function of temperature, excitation photon energy, and scattering configuration. At temperatures below the transition from ferromagnetic metallic phase to antiferromagnetic insulating charge- and orbital-ordered (COO) phase, several lines appear in Raman spectra excited with photon energies (h) over bar omega (L)<2.5 eV. We argue that their appearance signals ordering and freezing of the Jahn-Teller distortions at this transition temperature into a superstructure with a doubled elementary cell. We suggest a simplified structural model based on an analysis of the normal phonon modes in the COO phase, neglecting the octahedral tilts and containing ordered Mn4+O6 (undistorted) and Mn3+O6 (Jahn-Teller distorted) octahedra. The symmetries of the experimentally observed Raman lines are determined by comparing their relative intensities to those predicted by the polarization selection rules for a finely twinned quasicubic crystal. The most intensive Raman lines are assigned to definite normal modes in close comparison with corresponding modes in COO layered manganites and undoped RMnO3 (R=La, Y).

  • 60. Abrashev, M. V.
    et al.
    Bäckström, Joakim
    Borjesson, L.
    Popov, V. N.
    Chakalov, R. A.
    Kolev, N.
    Meng, R. L.
    Iliev, M. N.
    Raman spectroscopy of CaMnO(3): Mode assignment and relationship between Raman line intensities and structural distortions2002In: Physical Review B Condensed Matter, ISSN 0163-1829, E-ISSN 1095-3795, Vol. 65, no 18, 1-9 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Polarized Raman spectra of oriented finely twinned CaMnO(3) thin films and nonpolarized Raman spectra of CaMnO(3) ceramics were studied at room temperature using several excitation laser wavelengths. The selection rules for the polarized Raman spectra, obtained from samples consisting of finely twinned orthorhombic domains, were calculated and the symmetry of all observed Raman lines was determined. The relationship between the intensity of the Raman lines and the distortions in the ABO(3) perovskites with GdFeO(3)-type structure is discussed. These distortions can be described as superposition of four simple basic distortions: two MnO(6) octahedral tilts, Jahn-Teller deformation of Mn(3+) O(6) octahedra, and shift of the A ions from their sites in the ideal perovskite. Twenty of the 24 Raman-allowed modes in the real GdFeO(3)-type structure have counterparts in only one of the four simpler structures, obtained by a single basic distortion. The assignment of the Raman lines of CaMnO(3) to definite atomic vibrations, most of them activated by a single basic distortion, was made in close comparison with the results of lattice dynamical calculations and the Raman spectra of isostructural LaMnO(3) and CaGeO(3).

  • 61.
    Ackerot, Elise
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Barns situation framlänges, baklänges, uppifrån och ner: En deskriptiv studie av fem socionomers tankar om tillämpning av Barnkonventionen i socialt arbete2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Aktuell studie undersöker hur fem socionomer inom kommunal

    verksamhet tänker kring tillämpandet av Barnkonventionen i

    socialt arbete. Fokus ligger på deras egen arbetssituation; de

    problem och möjligheter som de möter i sitt dagliga arbete

    inom socialtjänsten. Underlaget för resultatet togs fram genom

    kvalitativa intervjuer med de fem

    socionomerna. Resultatet presenteras genom ett deskriptivt

    angreppssätt och problematiseras med hjälp av

    Barnkonventionen, mänskliga rättigheter och

    Barnkonventionens lagstatus i Sverige. Intervjuerna visade att

    socionomerna i många fall inte hade tillräcklig kunskap om

    Barnkonventionen som helhet. Alla arbetade med

    barnperspektiv och barnets bästa, men inte genom

    konventionen i sig. De visade också på att ledningens stöd och

    direktiv är viktiga faktorer för att arbetet med en tillämpning av

    Barnkonventionen skall kunna startas och utvecklas. BBIC var

    inte alltid tillräcklig för att jobba med Barnkonventionens alla

    principer och det var ofta en svårighet för tillämpning att

    Barnkonventionen inte är lag i Sverige.

  • 62.
    Ackrén, Maria
    et al.
    Åbo Akademi University.
    Olausson, Pär M
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Condition(s) for Island Autonomy2008In: International Journal on Minority and Group Rights, ISSN 1385-4879, E-ISSN 1571-8115, Vol. 15, no 2-3, 227-258 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The inquiry is focusing on why island autonomy occurs. Our point of departure considers four possible conditions such as geographical distance, ethnicity, GDP/capita and size according to population leading towards island autonomy. We use two sample groups in our study: one encompassing autonomous islands deriving from different parts of the world, with three main islands illustrating what we mean by island autonomy. These consist of the Azores, the Faroe Islands and Isle of Man. The second group consists of so called non-autonomous islands scattered around the world. The analysis is carried out with a specific technique within the Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) family and that is Multi-Value QCA (MVQCA). MVQCA is an extension of the Crisp-Set QCA (CSQCA) and withholds a dichotomous dependent variable, while the possible explanatory variables (independent variables) can have multi-values. As a second technique Fuzzy-Set QCA (FSQCA) is employed as a control technique only. While assessing these techniques we receive combinations of conditions leading to the outcome in question. Results show that with MVQCA we receive four different paths towards island autonomy. Ethnicity as the only explanation is one route towards the outcome. A second path is small or large size. Long geographical distance combined with no ethnic diversity is a third way towards island autonomy. The fourth path is long geographical distance combined with the lower or upper middle income group. All the paths are equally valid.

  • 63. Acx, A. G.
    et al.
    Berg, M
    Karlsson, M
    Lindström, M
    Pettersson, Stefan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Slanina, P
    Zander, J
    Radio Resource Management2000In: Third generation mobile communication systems, Boston, Mass: Artech House, 2000, 386- p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 64.
    Adam, Silke
    et al.
    University of Bern, Switzerland.
    Maier, Michaela
    University of Koblenz-Landau, Germany.
    De Vreese, Claes. H
    University of Amsterdam, Nederländerna.
    Schuck, Andreas R.T
    University of Amsterdam, Nederländerna.
    Stetka, Vaclav
    University of Oxford, Storbritannien.
    Jalali, Carlos
    University of Aveiro, Portugal.
    Seeber, Gilg U.H
    University of Innsbruck, Österrike.
    Negrine, Ralph
    University of Sheffield, Storbritannien.
    Raycheva, Lilia
    St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia, Bulgarien.
    Berganza, Rosa
    University Rey Juan Carlos, Spanien.
    Róka, Jolán
    Budapest College of Communication and Business, Ungern.
    Dobek-Ostrowska, Boguslawa
    University of Wroclaw, Polen.
    Nord, Lars
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Balzer, Matthias
    University of Koblenz-Landau, Tyskland.
    Baumli, Manuela
    University of Bern, Switzerland.
    Campaigning Against Europe?: The Role of Euroskeptic Fringe and Mainstream Parties in the 2009 European Parliament Election2013In: Journal of Political Marketing, ISSN 1537-7857, E-ISSN 1537-7865, Vol. 12, no 1, 77-99 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we analyze political parties' campaign communication during the 2009 European Parliamentary election in 11 countries (Austria, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, The Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the UK). We study which types of issues Euroskeptic fringe and Euroskeptic mainstream parties put on their campaign agendas and the kind and extent of EU opposition they voice. Further, we seek to understand whether Euroskeptic and non-Euroskeptic parties co-orient themselves toward each other within their national party systems with regard to their campaigns. To understand the role of Euroskeptic parties in the 2009 European Parliamentary elections, we draw on a systematic content analysis of parties' posters and televised campaign spots. Our results show that it is Euroskeptic parties at the edges of the political spectrum who discuss polity questions of EU integration and who most openly criticize the union. Principled opposition against the project of EU integration, however, can only be observed in the UK. Finally, we find indicators for co-orientation effects regarding the tone of EU mobilization: In national political environments where Euroskeptic parties strongly criticize the EU, pro-European parties at the same time publicly advance pro-EU positions.

  • 65.
    Adamsson Abdel Halim, Hanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Patientens upplevelse av att leva med en implanterbar defibrillator (ICD): - en litteraturöversikt2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: En implanterbar defibrillator (ICD) har till uppgift att återställa hjärtats rytm vid en arytmi. Implantationerna ökar stadigt, studier har dock visat att sjuksköterskor inte upplever sig ha tillräckligt med kunskaper om ICD:n och de upplevelser som patienter kan väntas få efter implantation. Syfte: Syftet var att belysa patienters upplevelse av att leva med en implanterbar defibrillator. Metod: Uppsatsen är gjord som en litteraturöversikt med 15 kvalitativa vetenskapliga artiklar inkluderade. Artikelsökningar gjordes i databaserna Cinahl, Pubmed och PsycInfo. I analysen identifierades meningsenheter som delades in i olika teman och underteman utifrån likheter och olikheter. Resultat: Patienterna visade sig ha dubbla känslor gentemot ICD:n, upplevelser som identifierades var: besvikelse, tacksamhet, rädsla/ångest, trygghet, känna sig begränsad och acceptans. Diskussion: Några patienter upplevde bland annat ett bristande stöd från hälsopersonalen, det är viktigt att sjuksköterskan försöker förstå patientens perspektiv för att kunna vara ett så bra stöd som möjligt. Slutsats: Studien bidrog med kunskap om vilka olika upplevelser ICD-patienter kan ha efter en implantation. Eventuella orsaker till upplevelserna skulle kunna ligga till grund för framtida studier.

  • 66.
    Adborn, Mats
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Visualisering av datastrukturer: Utveckling av ett tolkningsverktyg2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Interpretation and assimilation of data structures, organized information andsource code files are frequently occuring during software development. This kindof information is stored in text-based form and its understanding requires greatthoroughness and investment in time from the developer's part. This thesisdescribes the development of a utility program prototype, which automates theparsing of XML data and source code files from the programming languages Cand C++, in purpose of trying to simplify the interpretation process. The programcreates and presents a visual graph of the structure found, using an algorithmwhich can present arbitrary large XML files as well as a limited number ofconcurrent source code files. The effects on the interpretation time and itsreliablity has been evaluated in a survey among software development students.The result showed a certain increase in the number of correct conclusions fromthe participants' side after studying the visual representation compared to itsorignial text-based form. The amount of time used was not measured other thansubjectively by the users themselves, of which a predominant proportionconsidered a reduction in needed time when using the graphical representation.The thesis shows that the use of this or an equivalent utility can enhance theassimilation of data structures by increasing the rate of reliabilty whilesimultaneously decreasing the needed amount of time. Still, the quantifyable gainsof these results remains statistically largely uncertain.

  • 67.
    Addo, Michelle Yaa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att bemöta personer med HIV/AIDS2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 68.
    Adelholt, Martin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Hydra Coupler: Snabbkoppling till protessystem2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Många amputerade upplever att deras protessystem inte är lika anpassningsbara som de hoppats på. Dagens protes­system är utformade med låsta komponenter vilket begrän­sar användarens möjlighet att anpassa systemen till specifika ändamål. Därför påbörjades ett projekt med målet att under­söka om det finns möjlighet att skapa en snabbkoppling till protessystem genom att framställa ett konstruktionsförslag av ett lösningsalternativ. I starten av projektet påbörjades en problemformulering för att undersöka om problemen uppvisade några beroenden eller påverkade andra poster inom det framställda flödesschemat. Efter genomförd problemformulering påbörjades förstudierna för att samla in relevant information till genomförandet av projektet, där förstudien genomfördes med hjälp av en konkurrensanalys, funktionsanalys och enkätundersökning. Efter att förstudien var avklarad påbörjades en designprocess för att framställa ett konstruktionsförslag av ett lösningsförslag. Under designprocessens start formulerades en kravspecifikation så att konstruktionsförslaget hade något att förhålla sig till, och sedan påbörjades modelleringen av ett konstruktionsförslag med hjälp av Solidworks. En prototyp framställdes i plast med hjälp av en 3D- printer för att kontrollera passform av ingående komponenter och slutligen så undersöktes konstruktionsförslagets hållfasthet i Solidworks med hjälp av hållfasthetssimuleringar. Genomförandet av projektet har resulterat i en framställning av konstruktionsmaterial, prototyp, konstruktionsritningar till ett konstruktionsförslag av en snabbkoppling till protessystem. Konstruktionsförslaget kallat Hydra Coupler förser protesanvändare med möjligheten att enkelt byta proteskomponenter efter ändamål utan behov av externa verktyg, och Hydra Coupler kan även inneslutas av kosmetik utan att förlora funktionalitet.

  • 69.
    Adelmaid, Natalie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Education.
    Medarbetarnas arbets- tillfredställelse: Ledarens betydelse för medarbetarnas arbets- tillfredställelse2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur medarbetare upplever ledarskapets betydelse för deras arbets- tillfredställelse. Studien ansluter sig till Bernin, Nyberg & Theorell (2005) definition gällande arbets- tillfredställelsen, vilket innebär att medarbetarna har förutsättningar för att få god kontroll, delaktighet och autonomi i arbetet som bidrar med intellektuell stimulans, en ledare som skapar god och tydlig struktur samt visar omtanke om sina anställda. Den metod som använts för insamling av empiri var halvstrukturerade intervjuer. Slutresultaten i denna studie visade sig ha likheter med tidigare forskning inom detta ämnesområde. Bland annat är delaktighet, engagemang och meningsfullhet är tre nyckelbegrepp i denna studies resultat av empiri, vilket bekräftar teorin av den tidigare forskning som representeras av Wolven (2000). Undersökningen studerar hur fem medarbetare i försäljningsbranschen på olika arbetsplatser inom den privata sektorn i Göteborg upplever arbets- tillfredställelsens betydelse i förhållande till sin ledare. Studien är av kvalitativ metod med halvstrukturerad intervjuform.Resultatet visade att respondenterna vill ha utifrån deras erfarenheter, en ledare som är demokratisk samtidigt som han skall vara auktoritär i viss utsträckning. Respondenterna vill helst arbeta under frihet, eget ansvar och få utmanande och stimulerande uppgifter som bidrar till personlig utveckling samtidigt som ledaren sätter tydliga strukturer. De vill att ledaren involverar dem i beslut och diskussioner som berör organisationsstrukturen och dem själva som medarbetare, på så sätt upplever de meningsfullhet och att deras arbetsuppgifter har betydelse. Detta är vad respondenterna upplever bidrar till arbets- tillfredställelse.

  • 70.
    Adelöw, Jonas
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Education.
    Österman, Malin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Education.
    Vad uppfattar lärare vara mest centralt i arbete mot mobbning?2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 71.
    Aden, Abdulahi
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Mahmutovic, Ines
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    En kvalitativ studie om sociala nätverkens betydelse för studenter2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 72.
    Adjoudani, Soheil
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Utvärderingsmodeller vid offentlig upphandling: En granskning av förekommande modeller och möjlighet till ett enhetligt val av en modell2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to address the evaluation phase within the area of public procurement and more specifically, from a supplier perspective. Public procurement is carried out in order to get good quality at a low price. The procurement can be performed by the lowest price or by the most economically advantageous tender. Previously concluded contracts were requested and the evaluation model that they used was identified and also it’s corresponding mathematical model. The score-weighted models were not consistent because they depended on irrelevant variables, as did the relative quality-weighted model in theory. This means that non-competitive tender affects the outcome of the other tenders. The study showed that it is more beneficial to choose the relative quality-weighted model over the score-weighting model, as it does not suffer from the irrelevant variable situation. The relative quality-weighted model is equivalent to the more superior quality-weighted model with discrete premium/discounts. This is the case as the ranking of the tenderers bids were the same in the two models. Furthermore, it was shown through a sensitivity analysis, that the weighting for the quality and the price from the score-weighted model played no role in the relative quality-weighted model; this is also an advantage as the purchaser often arbitrarily sets it.

  • 73.
    Adler, Daniel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Analys av gjorda och insläppta mål över matchtid i herrallsvenskan i fotboll2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den ultimata indikatorn på ett fotbollslags prestation är matchresultatet som beror på balansen av gjorda och insläppta mål. Syftet med studien var att analysera de allsvenska herrlagens målproduktion under säsongen 2010. Detta för att undersöka de svenska elitlagens förekomst av gjorda och insläppta mål över matchtid. Ytterligare syfte var att undersöka om framgångsrika och mindre framgångsrika lag uppvisar olika mönster gällande dessa parametrar. Samtliga 240 matcher, totalt 600 mål, från säsongen 2010 studerades på förekomst av mål över matchtid. Målen kategoriserades lagvis i åtta stycken tidsperioder. Lagen delades även in i tre olika grupper beroende på tabellplacering. Resultaten baserat på samtliga lag visade signifikant större andel gjorda mål under den andra halvleken jämfört med den första, 55,2% mot 44,8% (p<0,05). Inga signifikanta skillnader mellan 15-minutersperioderna kunde ses. Däremot sågs signifikanta skillnader mellan 15-minutersperioderna inom de olika grupperna. Topplagen uppvisade signifikant större andel insläppta mål under period 76-90min jämfört med 31-45min, 46-60min och 61-75min (p<0,05). Mittenlagen uppvisade signifikant mindre andel insläppta mål under period 76-90min jämfört med 31-45min, 46-60min och 61-75min (p<0,05). Sammanfattningsvis, svenska herr-elitlag följde en ökande trend av gjorda mål över matchtid med större andel mål under andra halvleken jämfört med första. Resultaten antydde även att topplagen uppvisade hög resultatmässig prestation genom hela matcherna medan bottenlagen uppvisade låg prestation och mittenlagen varierande prestation, vilket delvis förklarar varför grupperna placerar sig i toppen, botten och mitten av tabellen.

  • 74.
    Adlertz, Andrea
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Åkerberg, Jonna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    "Det är trots allt familjehemsföräldrarna som gör det största jobbet och vi ska stötta dem i det" - En kvalitativ studie om familjehemssekreterarnas stöd till familjehemsföräldrarna2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 75.
    Adogoy, Wegahta
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Zemichael, Saliem
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Vårdpersonalens erfarenheter av att vårda kvinnor som genomgått könsstympning: En litteraturöversikt2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund:

    Kvinnlig könsstympning innebär en partiell eller total borttagning av de yttre kvinnliga könsorganen av icke medicinska skäl. Könsstympning är koncentrerad till 30 länder i Afrika, Mellanöstern samt Asien. Mer än 200 miljoner av de kvinnor och flickor som lever idag har genomgått könsstympning. Det finns många kulturella anledningar till varför kvinnor könsstympas. Det varierar från kultur till kultur. Vissa gör det för att kvinnan ska bli ren, vacker och betraktas som en moralisk kvinna som hennes familj kan vara stolt att senare lämna över till en annan familj för giftemål. Det finns fyra olika typer av ingrepp som alla kan leda till komplikationer. Syfte: Syftet med denna litteraturöversikt är att belysa vårdpersonalens erfarenheter av att vårda kvinnor som genomgått könsstympning. Metod: Metoden har varit litteraturöversikt grundad på sex kvalitativa artiklar, sju kvantitativa artiklar och två artiklar med kombination av båda metoderna. Artiklarna har hämtats från tre olika databaser; Pub med, Cinahl och Academic Search. Resultat: Två huvudkategorier: komplexiteten i omvårdnaden vid mötet med främmande kulturer samt behov av kunskap och utbildning. Vårdpersonal ansåg att de har brist på kunskap. Mötet med kvinnor som genomgått könsstympning och deras familjer var komplicerad. Delvis beror detta på språkproblem delvis på kulturella skillnader. Diskussion: Både vårdpersonal och patienter kände sig säkra när vårdpersonalen var välutbildat och hade god kunskap. Resultatet har diskuterats utifrån Chios (2008) omvårdnads-teori "the theory of cultural marginality". Slutsats: Genom att införa formell utbildning, både teoretisk och praktisk tryggheten öka hos vårdpersonalen och det påverkar vården positivt. De kvinnor som genomgått könsstympning kommer även träffa annan vårdpersonal än barnmorskor. Därför anser författarna att det behövs mer forskning om sjuksköterskors och annan vårdpersonals erfarenheter av att vårda dessa kvinnor.

  • 76.
    Adolfsson, Elin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Berglund, Tove
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Going concern varningar och finansiell stress2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction and purpose – The purpose of this bachelor thesis is to describe and analyze the proportions of going concern warnings (GCW) among Swedish limited companies that went bankrupt in 2014. This study will analyze if the auditor's propensity of issuing GCW increases if companies are financially distressed from three different definitions of financial stress. The thesis also analyzes whether there are differences in the propensity to issue a GCWbetween authorized and approved auditor, and between the Big N firms and non-Big N firms. Previous research has not analyzed and compared different definitions of financial stress and GCW.Methodology – This bachelor thesis is a quantitative research and 939 companies were included in the survey. The variables in the study were collected separately and then added together to examine how the independent variables financial stress, the auditor's competence and the size of the firm affects the dependent variable GCW. Statistical processing has beendone by measuring regression and 2-proportionstest.Findings – The results show that the propensity that a Swedish auditor issues a GCW is low, the accuracy is 24,8 percent. The tendency that the auditor issues a GCW will increase if companies are financially distressed. The results are consistent with previous studies. The definition of financial distress are significant when we compare them with each other. Auditor competence are crucial for the issuing of GCW, however, auditor competence are not crucial for the issuing of GCW to financially distressed companies. The results shows no difference with the auditor´s propensity to issuing GCW among the Big N auditors and non-Big N auditors.Conclusions – Our conclusion is that an auditor's assessment of the going concern process remains problematic. There is a strong relationship between all the definitions of financial distress and GCW. When we compare the definitions of financial distress with each other, we found a difference. Two of the definitions, we can consider to be helpful in assessing the GCW.

  • 77.
    Adolfsson Falk, Linda
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Education.
    ADHD i skolan.: En kvalitativ studie utifrån lärares uppfattningar om vilka förändringar som sker i skolan när en elev har eller misstänks ha ADHD.2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 78.
    Adolfsson, Håkan
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Karlsson, Andreas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Jämtländska Gaseller: En Studie om Tillväxtfaktorer Hos Små och Mellanstora Företag i Jämtland2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 79.
    Adolfsson, Josefin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Att leda och känna som chef: En studie kring användningen av emotionellt arbete bland kvinnor i chefspositioner2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Leadership and organizational research has historically been seen from a male perspective, this has led to the fact that women in management positions partly have been neglected in the field of research on leadership. To contribute to a better understanding of women's experiences and conditions in managerial positions this paper is based on a women perspective. The importance of emotions in leadership, is a relatively new phenomenon, one aspect that holds within that area is emotional labor. Emotional labor is about how people actively create and guide their emotions in line with social structures and institutions influence. The purpose of this paper is to explore and increase the understanding of emotional labor of women in management positions. Seven women in managerial positions has been interviewed, and the answers from these women have then been analyzed and discussed. The results show that women in the study use emotional labor both in terms of surface acting and deep acting. Furthermore, the results show that company's expectations and guidelines serve as emotional control, that to some extent control the women's use of emotional labor. A deeper understanding of emotional labor among women in management positions is discussed to create more knowledge about conditions and patterns that may need to be strengthened or broken. This understanding may be important both for companies in general, but also for policy makers who want to increase the number of women in management positions.

  • 80.
    Adolfsson, Kim
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Industrial Design.
    Skänk: Att skapa ett intressant utseende2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats skriver jag om hur man skapar en intressant och spännande kontrast mellan olika material och mönster i min examensmöbel. Jag beskriver även kortfattat hur jag kom fram till just detta, samt varför jag valde de metoder jag använde mig av.

     

    Jag valde mellan vanlig brun MDF-skiva, Valchromat (genomfärgad MDF-skiva) och en färg.

     

  • 81.
    Adolfsson, Kim
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Davidsson, Zanna
    Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    "Även om jag bor här i 100 år så blir det inte samma": En kvalitativ studie av fem ensamkommande ungdomar och deras personliga identitetsutveckling i mottagarlandet.2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    SAMMANFATTNING:

    Människor tvingas fly ifrån sina hemländer på grund av våld för att söka säkerhet någon annanstans. Att människor lämnar ett land eller tvingas fly har skett under alla tider. Människor flyr från förföljelse, fattigdom, svält eller krig. Uppskattningsvis finns 19,2 miljoner människor på flykt runt om i världen och nära hälften av dessa är barn. Av de barn som befinner sig på flykt är de ensamkommande ungdomarna en viktig grupp att urskilja. Då de ensamkommande asylsökande ungdomarna är i behov av särskilt skydd. Under 2003 var de flesta ensamkommande ungdomar i Sverige från Somalia, Irak, Serbien och Montenegro. Vårt syfte är att få ökad förståelse för ensamkommande ungdomars upplevelser av hur deras identitet formats i hemlandet och senare i mottagarlandet i samspel med människor i sin omgivning. Samt vilken betydelse asylprocessen och tidigare trauman har haft för ungdomarnas personliga identitetsutveckling. De faktorer som berörts som viktiga för ungdomens personliga identitetsutveckling är förluster, boende, ovisshet, familjeåterförening och nätverk samt språket.Vi har valt att göra en explorativ studie som innefattar kvalitativa halvstrukturerade intervjuer med fem ensamkommande ungdomar. Resultatet i form av empiri och analys har utförts utifrån tidigare forskning och från Cullbergs kristeori samt relevanta begrepp som etnicitet och identitet utifrån symbolisk interaktionism. Studien har visat att samtliga ungdomar upplevt att den ovisshet de levt i under asylprocessen samt tidigare trauman har påverkat dem mycket både psykiskt och fysiskt. De ungdomar vi har intervjuat upplever alla att de idag har en ny personlighet efter att ha fått uppehållstillstånd. Den nya identiteten har enligt ungdomarna påverkats bland annat av föräldrarnas uppfostran och de nya människor de möter i mottagarlandet samt av de nya miljöerna ungdomarna befinner sig i.

  • 82.
    Adongo, Dorcus
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    THE PROS AND CONS OF WORKING IN TEMPORARY AGENCY WORK: CASE OF WORKER PERSPECTIVE INTHE SWEDISH LABOUR MARKET2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This thesis aims at exploring some of the possibilities,opportunities and challenges within the temporary agency work sector from boththe regular and the temporary agency workers points of view within the Swedish labourmarket. Background: Temporary agency work sector in the past two decadeshas been a fast growing sector that has got many young people into the labourmarket. With the current changes in the global economy, many organizations areturning more to these organizations to enable them adapt to changes in theirenvironment. In Sweden for instance, the growth and development of this sectorhas primarily been due to the constantly increasing rates of unemployment,massive job losses and also as a result of de-regulation of labour regulations. Methodology: A quantative survey was carried out using structuredquestionnaires in three companies that largely engage in hiring of temporaryworkers.  A total of 137 regular andtemporary agency workers, took part in the survey which was conducted through aweb-survey to e-mail addresses provided by client companies and temporary work agenciesand for those who had no access to e-mail received the questionnaires duringstaff meetings. Findings: Majorityof those engaged in this sector are young people of ages between 20 and 30years old, with high school education level and not married but maybe livingwith girlfriend or boyfriend. It resulted that many see these sectors asoffering an entry point into the labour market through which they feelrecognized and hopefully can advance their careers. Although all that glittersis not gold, those who work within this sector are also faced with variouschallenges that make it more of a stepping stone work place such as lack ofcontrol, complex interpersonal, insecurity and being treated as commodities andthe inability to decide when, where and how to work, with very little or nocontrol of when they can take off. Conclusion: On testing thehypothesis in relation to the possibilities, opportunities and challenges ofworking in the sector, it was not very obvious within the sector that ingeneral the regular staff had more favourable conditions than the temporary,but it did vary from one situation to the other and more often than not theyhad similar conditions. For instance, individualized flexibility was equallynot easy to achieve by the employees within the two groups.

    Keywords; Temporary Agency Work, Temporary Agency workers, Client Company, Regular/ordinarystaff, Motivation

  • 83.
    Adrian Hansson, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Kan gravida kvinnor som lider av övervikt eller fetma minska de negativa effekterna övervikten har på fostret och på barnets framtida hälsa?: -en systematisk litteraturstudie2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 84.
    Adykhamova, Mihraj
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelse av den psykosociala arbetsmiljön på psykiatrisk vårdavdelningar2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 85.
    Adén, Camilla
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Sjöberg, Caroline
    Strategier som sjuksköterskan använder vid bedömning av akut och postoperativ smärta2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 86.
    af Klintberg, Olle
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Effekter av behandling vid en studentdriven psykologmottagning.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 87.
    Afewerki, Samson
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Development of catalytic enantioselective C-C bond-forming and cascade transformations by merging homogeneous or heterogeneous transition metal catalysis with asymmetric aminocatalysis2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Chiral molecules play a central role in our daily life and in nature, for instance the different enantiomers or diastereomers of a chiral molecule may show completely different biological activity. For this reason, it is a vital goal for synthetic chemists to design selective and efficient methodologies that allow the synthesis of the desired enantiomer. In this context, it is highly important that the concept of green chemistry is considered while designing new approaches that eventually will provide more environmental and sustainable chemical synthesis.The aim of this thesis is to develop the concept of combining transition metal catalysis and aminocatalysis in one process (dual catalysis). This strategy would give access to powerful tools to promote reactions that were not successful with either transition metal catalyst or the organocatalyst alone. The protocols presented in this thesis based on organocatalytic transformations via enamine or iminium intermediates or both, in combination with transition metal catalysis, describes new enantioselective organocatalytic procedures that afford valuable compounds with high chemo- and enantioselectivity from inexpensive commercial available starting materials. In paper I, we present a successful example of dual catalysis: the combination of transition metal activation of an electrophile and aminocatalyst activation of a nucleophile via enamine intermediate. In paper II, the opposite scenario is presented, here the transition metal activates the nucleophile and the aminocatalyst activates the electrophile via an iminium intermediate. In paper III,we present a domino Michael/carbocyclisation reaction that is catalysed by a chiral amine (via iminium/enamine activation) in combination with a transition metal catalysts activation of an electrophile. In paper IV, the concept of dual catalysis was further extended and applied for the highly enantioselective synthesis of valuable structural scaffolds, namely poly-substituted spirocyclic oxindoles. Finally, in paper V the concept of dual catalysis was expanded, by investigating more challenging and environmentally benign processes, such as the successful combination of a heterogeneous palladium and amine catalysts for the highly enantioselective synthesis of functionalised cyclopentenes, containing an all carbonquaternary stereocenter, dihydrofurans and dihydropyrrolidines.

  • 88.
    Afewerki, Samson
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of applied science and design.
    Direct regiospecific and highly enantioselective intermolecular a-allylic alkylation of aldehydes by combination of transition metal and chiral amine catalysts2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The direct intermolecular regiospecific and highly enantioselective a-allylic alkylation of linear aldehydes by combination of achiral bench stable Pd(0) complexes and simple chiral amines as co-catalysts is disclosed. The co-catalytic asymmetric chemoselective and regiospecific a-allylic alkylation reaction is linked in tandem with in situ reduction to give the corresponding 2-alkyl alcohols with high enantiomeric ratios (up to 98:2 er). It is also an expeditious entry to valuable 2-alkyl substituted hemiacetals and 2-alkyl-butane-1,4-diols.

  • 89.
    Afewerki, Samson
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Alimohammadzadeh, Rana
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Henshaw Osong, Sinke
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Chemical Engineering.
    Tai, Cheuk-Wai
    The Arrhenius Laboratory, Stockholm University.
    Engstrand, Per
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Chemical Engineering.
    Córdova, Armando
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Eco-friendly design for scalable direct fabrication of nanocelluloseManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 90.
    Afewerki, Samson
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Breistein, Palle
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Pirttilä, Kristian
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Deiana, Luca
    Univ Stockholm, Arrhenius Lab, Dept Organ Chem, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Dziedzic, Pawel
    Univ Stockholm, Arrhenius Lab, Dept Organ Chem, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ibrahem, Ismail
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Córdova, Armando
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Catalytic Enantioselective beta-Alkylation of alpha,beta-Unsaturated Aldehydes by Combination of Transition-Metal- and Aminocatalysis: Total Synthesis of Bisabolane Sesquiterpenes2011In: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 17, no 32, 8784-8788 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Branching out! The first co-catalytic enantioselective (up to 98:2 e.r.) β-alkylation of α,β-unsaturated aldehydes by combination of simple chiral amine and copper catalysts provides β-branched aldehydes in a one-pot protocol (see scheme). The methodology was applied to the short total syntheses of bisabolane sesquiterpenes (S)-(+)-curcumene, (E)-(S)-(+)-3- dehydrocurcumene and (S)-(+)-tumerone. © 2011 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  • 91.
    Afewerki, Samson
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences. Stockholm Univ, Arrhenius Lab, Berzelii Ctr EXSELENT, Stockholm.
    Cordova, Armando
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences. Stockholm Univ, Arrhenius Lab, Berzelii Ctr EXSELENT, Stockholm.
    Combinations of Aminocatalysts and Metal Catalysts: A Powerful Cooperative Approach in Selective Organic Synthesis2016In: Chemical Reviews, ISSN 0009-2665, E-ISSN 1520-6890, Vol. 116, no 22, 13512-13570 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The cooperation and interplay between organic and metal catalyst Arninocatalysis systems is of utmost importance in nature and chemical synthesis. Here innovative and selective cooperative catalyst systems can be designed by combining two catalysts that complement rather than inhibit one another. This refined strategy can permit chemical transformations unmanageable by either of the catalysts alone. This review summarizes innovations and developments in selective organic synthesis that have used cooperative dual catalysis by combining simple aminocatalysts with metal catalysts. Considerable efforts have been devoted to this fruitful field. This emerging area employs the different activation modes of amine and metal catalysts as a platform to address challenging reactions. Here, aminocatalysis (e.g., enamine activation catalysis, iminium activation catalysis, single occupied molecular orbital (SOMO) activation catalysis, and photoredox activation catalysis) is employed to activate unreactive carbonyl substrates. The transition metal catalyst complements by activating a variety of substrates through a range of interactions (e.g., electrophilic pi-allyl complex formation, Lewis acid activation, allenylidene complex formation, photoredox activation, C-H activation, etc.), and thereby novel concepts within catalysis are created. The inclusion of heterogeneous catalysis strategies allows for "green" chemistry development, catalyst recyclability, and the more eco-friendly synthesis of valuable compounds.

  • 92.
    Afewerki, Samson
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Guangning, Ma
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Ibrahem, Ismail
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Chemical Engineering.
    Cordova, Armando
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Highly enantioselective organo/metal cooperative catalysis for construction of spirocyclopentaneoxindoles2014In: Abstract of Papers of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0065-7727, Vol. 248, 173-ORGNArticle in journal (Other academic)
  • 93.
    Afewerki, Samson
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of applied science and design.
    Ibrahem, Ismail
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of applied science and design.
    Rydfjord, Jonas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of applied science and design.
    Breistein, Palle
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of applied science and design.
    Córdova, Armando
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of applied science and design.
    Direct Regiospecific and Highly Enantioselective Intermolecular α-Allylic Alkylation of Aldehydes By Combination of Transition Metal and amine Catalysts2012In: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 18, no 10, 2972-2977 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The first direct intermolecular regiospecific and highly enantioselective α-allylic alkylation of linear aldehydes by a combination of achiral bench-stable Pd 0 complexes and simple chiral amines as co-catalysts is disclosed. The co-catalytic asymmetric chemoselective and regiospecificα-allylic alkylation reaction is linked in tandem with in situ reduction to give the corresponding 2-alkyl alcohols with high enantiomeric ratios (up to 98:2 e.r.; e.r.=enantiomeric ratio). It is also an expeditious entry to valuable 2-alkyl substituted hemiacetals, 2-alkyl-butane-1,4-diols, and amines. The concise co-catalytic asymmetric total syntheses of biologically active natural products (e.g., Arundic acid) are disclosed. Go organic! Directintermolecular regiospecific and highly enantioselective α-allylic alkylation of linear aldehydes by a combination of achiral bench-stable Pd 0complexes and simple chiral amines as co-catalysts is disclosed (see scheme). Copyright © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  • 94.
    Afewerki, Samson
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences. Stockholm Univ, Berzelii Ctr EXSELENT, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ma, Guangning
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Ibrahem, Ismail
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Chemical Engineering.
    Liu, Leifeng
    Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Sun, Junliang
    Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Cordova, Armando
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences. Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Highly Enantioselective Control of Dynamic Cascade Transformations by Dual Catalysis: Asymmetric Synthesis of Polysubstituted Spirocyclic Oxindoles2015In: ACS Catalysis, ISSN 2155-5435, E-ISSN 2155-5435, Vol. 5, no 2, 1266-1272 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The highly enantioselective (up to >99.5:0.5 er) synthesis of polysubstituted spirocyclic oxindoles with four new contiguous stereocenters, including the spiro all-carbon quaternary center, is disclosed. It is accomplished by the highly stereoselective control of a dynamic conjugate/intramolecular allylic alkylation relay sequence based on the synergistic cooperation of metal and chiral amine catalysts in which the careful selection of organic Nand, metal complex, and chiral amine is essential. The intermolecular C-C bond-forming step occurred only when both the metal and chiral amine catalysts were present.

  • 95.
    Afram, Teodora
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Westh, Beatrice
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    IT-verktyg i distribuerade team: Egenskaper i IT-verktyg för att upprätthålla god kommunikation2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about IT-tools and communication in distributed system development teams. The purpose of this study is to identify how the members of distributed teams perceive their own communication, and to identify the characteristics that are considered important in the IT-tools to be able to maintain a good communication. To carry out this work, we did a case study where we sent out survey to a company that works distributed and that has team members both in Spain and in Sweden. We also conducted an interview with one of the respondents to be able to get deeper answers to our survey questions. The study showed that most were satisfied with the communication, but they still felt that communication could be improved. The study also showed that most respondents lacked certain qualities in their current IT-tools. The result of this study should be of interest to companies with similar conditions.

  • 96.
    Afvander, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Myrén, Linda
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Användbarhet och begränsning med motiverande samtal i samband med rehablitering till arbete.: En kvalitativ intervjustudie med specialister från Arbetsförmedlingen.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 97. Agell, J
    et al.
    Christoffersson, A
    Engwall,, L
    Hallén, Lars
    Malmberg, A
    Sandén, C
    Översyn av ekonomprogrammet vid Uppsala universitet: Slutrapport avlämnad den 20 maj 1998 från en arbetsgrupp tillsatt av Samhällsvetenskapliga fakultetsnämnden den 24 april 19971998Report (Other academic)
  • 98.
    Agerberg, Malin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Fastesson-Carlsson, Susanne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    "Dom lyssnade ju inte på mig...": En kvalitativ studie om tre unga kvinnors upplevelser av sin kontakt med Socialtjänsten.2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie har vi undersökt hur tre unga kvinnor upplevt sin kontakt med Individ- och Familjeomsorgen (IFO) inom Socialtjänsten. Studien syftade till att belysa kvinnornas upplevelser av kontakten under utrednings- och placeringsförfarandet. I studien har tre kvinnor i åldrarna 18-25 år deltagit genom kvalitativa halvstrukturerade intervjuer. Materialet har analyserats med hjälp av Barnperspektivet, komponenterna begriplighet, hanterbarhet och meningsfullhet samt tidigare forskning. Resultatet visar att kvinnorna har olika upplevelser. Den mest framträdande gemensamma upplevelsen är att de inte känt sig delaktiga i sitt utrednings- och placeringförfarande i den utsträckning de hade önskat. En annan viktig slutsats av resultatet är att socialsekreterarens personliga egenskaper och engagemang är av stor betydelse för hur kvinnorna upplevt delaktighet under utredning och placering.

  • 99.
    Agius, Eva
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Bevarande av webbplatser: En kartläggning bland statliga myndigheter i Sverige2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis was to investigate if Swedish agencies preserve their websites according to the Swedish archival legislations and guidelines. As a theory the OAIS Reference Model (Open Archival Information System, developed by US Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems, CCSDS) has been used as a model to show how important it is to develop strategies for public digital information which has to be preserved for long term. The ingest function in the OAIS Reference Model demands that files are prepared for long term preservation and requires that the digital information fulfils established technical requirements.

    In the study the Swedish National Archive and their advices about preserving websites to archivists on the Swedish agencies are being studied. To control if the agencies meet the requirements for their management and preservation of their websites a survey was sent out to investigate if Swedish agencies preserve their websites.

     

    According to the survey result, 84 of 113 agencies preserve their websites in some way. If the technical requirements really was met could not be verified in this thesis, the results was relied on the responses from the authorities. The study showed that agencies requested clearer rules in the field of preservation of websites, but also that some agencies wasn’t aware of the regulations and the significance in this issue.

     

    The conclusion of the study is that the agencies might need to update themselves on important legislation and guidance in this area. The study also shows that the National Archive must be clearer with their information on long term storage of government agencies websites.

  • 100.
    Agius, Eva
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Archives and Computer Science.
    Handläggares praktiska makt över bevarande och gallring: En studie hos svenska statliga myndigheter2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is a suspicion of increased destruction of documents when the Administrative Officer manages the records appraisal in Swedish government authorities, which can lead to a problem regarding the transparency and public access to information. The aim of this thesis was to contribute with knowledge about in which extent an Administrative Officer has the power over practical records appraisal in Swedish government authorities and to find out if the practical power depended on activities within the agencies.

     

    Interviews with Archivists and Administrative Officers at two different Swedish government authorities were conducted in order to see if the activities within the authorities affected how Administrative Officers handled the records appraisal. The study involved a small and a large authority to examine whether different activities could affect the practical power over records appraisal.

     

    The activity theory was used to introduce, present and analyze the survey results. Records Continuum Model is another theory model that was highlighted in the thesis to show the importance of planning the records management even before a record is created.

     

    The result of the case studies showed that there were records not handled according to the rules and policies for one of the studied authorities. It was revealed that Administrative Officers had some practical power over appraisal. The result also showed that the activities within the authorities strongly affected the practical power which Administrative Officers was given. It was shown that, in an authority with a large number of employees and greater flow of information, the Archivist did not reach out with information and routines to the employees. Administrative Officers also had less time to evaluate information when the number of e-mail was a problem.

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