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  • 51.
    Gullberg, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Privatpersoners användning av hållbarhetsrapporter i samband med beslut kring aktier: en enkätstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 52.
    Gustafsson, Lisa
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Johansson, Elin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Purple Flag: Vägen till trygg turism i stadskärnor2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 53.
    Gustafsson, Moa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Värdering till verkligt värde – en ökad risk för earnings management?: En jämförelse mellan skogs- och fastighetsbranscherna och branscher som inte värderar till verkligt värde2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 54.
    Harman, Muharrem
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Bankfinansiering för nystartade företag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 55.
    Hedback, Dennis
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Time's up!: The impact of multi-year accounting data on bankruptcy prediction2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Theoretical bankruptcy processes spanning multiple accounting periods havebeen proposed. At the time of writing, most existing bankruptcy predictionstudies do not take these failure processes into consideration, even though theyare proposed to increase prediction performance. This thesis takes a novel approach, taking the years preceding corporate bankruptcy into account into prediction models, by using artificially intelligent random forests to assess the impact of the time dimension of bankruptcy on the prediction performance metrics accuracy (i.e. the probability of correctly classifying any firm), recall (i.e.the probability of correctly classifying a bankrupt firm), and precision (i.e. theprobability that a firm classified as bankrupt, is actually bankrupt). The experimental findings indicate that estimating prediction models from multipleyears of data at the firm level raises accuracy and recall of prediction models.These findings suggest that accounting for the time dimension of bankruptcyindeed increases bankruptcy prediction accuracy through an increased recallrate. However, this thesis cannot show that precision is affected by using multipleyears of data at the firm level. Thus, further research conducted in othersocio-economical contexts, as well as using other performance metrics, is calledfor.

  • 56.
    Hellman, Niclas
    et al.
    Handelshögskolan Stockholm.
    Tagesson, Torbjörn
    Linköpings universitetet.
    Öhman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Grönlund, Anders
    Stockholms universitet.
    Principbaserad redovisning 2019 (ed. 6:1)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 57.
    Hellman, Niclas
    et al.
    Handelshögskolan Stockholm.
    Tagesson, Torbjörn
    Linköpings universitetet.
    Öhman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Grönlund, Anders
    Stockholms universitet.
    Principbaserad redovisning : Övningsbok2019 (ed. 6:1)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 58.
    Hentschel, Daniel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    VD-kompensation och resultat: En studie om hur ökad kompensation för verkställande direktörer påverkar företagets resultat2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A CEO is employed to manage a company. Since the CEO is employed, theincentives between the owners and the CEO may differ, which can lead to theprincipal-agent problem arising.The purpose of this paper is to gather and critically review previous researchthat studies the impact that increased CEO-compensation has on the company's performance. This will be done by writing a literature study.According to the agent theory that this study uses as a frame of reference,compensation can be used to reduce the principal-agent problem.The results showed a weak but positive relationship between compensation and increased performance of the company, the result showed a strongerconnection when the salary was more equity-based compared to cash-based.The results also showed that there was a stronger connection when largercompanies were used or if the connection was limited to a CEO's tenure. Theresults were also stronger in the US compared to the studies from the UK andJapan.The conclusion of this paper is that increased compensation for a CEO has aweak but positive impact on the company's earnings. Equity-basedcompensation have a higher impact and that may indicate that theprincipal-agent problem is in effect.Observational studies can be influenced by many different factors. This makesit difficult to discern how big impact only the variable compensation has on the performance of the company.

  • 59.
    Holmberg, Evelina
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Johnson, Felicia
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Hotellbranschens bemötande av gäster med funktionsnedsättning: En studie med fokus på hotellsektorn i Östersund och Åre2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 60.
    Holmstedt, Angelica
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Föreställningar om seniorresenärer och Sydafrika som ett imaginärt rum: En undersökning av svenska reseoperatörers digitala kommunikationskanaler2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 61.
    Hälldahl, Petter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Thelin Pesämaa, Andreas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    GULD ÄR GULD VÄRT: En företagsekonomisk studie om svenska aktiemarknadens samband med guldpris, ränta, tillväxt och valutakurs.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between gold price and the swedish stock market. Since gold has a major role in financial systems, the interest arose because of the lack of research on the gold price relationship to the stock market in Sweden. That as well as divided view of if gold price relationship is negative, positive or not related to the stock market, has created the interest. The underlying aim of the study was to analyze therelationship between interest rate, economic growth and exchange rate with the dependent variable stock market.This study was limited by analyzing quarterly data in 23 years between 1995 and 2018 on the swedish market. Data was collected and analyzed in statistical programs named Apple Numbers and SPSS. Data was analyzed in a correlation analysis and a regression analysis. The result showed that there is a negative relation between gold price and stock market. The result also shows that there is a negative relation between between interest rate and stock market. It also shows that there is a positive relation between economic growth and stockmarket. Lastly the result shows that there is no significant relation between exchange rate and stock market.

  • 62.
    Högberg, Lovisa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Modeller för att mäta samhällsvärde2019In: Samhällsentreprenörskap och regionalt värdeskapande i Norden / [ed] von Friedrichs, Yvonne; Wollan, Gjermund, Steinkjer, Norge: Embla Forlag, 2019, p. 183-212Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Samhällsentreprenörskapet har många effekter, kvantitativa och kvalitativa, indirekta och direkta. En del av effekterna går i den riktning som avsikten var när man startade sin verksamhet, och följer det sociala företagets förändringsteori från verksamhetens aktiviteter till dess mål. En del av effekterna är lätta att mäta i monetära termer, medan andra effekter relativt enkelt kan omvandlas till ett ekonomiskt värde genom att jämföras med någon sorts referens, såsom sparade skattepengar. Av olika anledningar kan det också finnas behov och önskemål att mäta och kommunicera samhällsvärde som inte direkt förhåller sig till samma monetära måttenheter. Kapitlets syfte är att redogöra för och reflektera kring etablerade modeller för att mäta samhällsvärde som idag används inom socialt entreprenörskap och bygger på en litteraturstudie.

  • 63.
    Höpken, Wolfram
    et al.
    Universtiy of Applied Sience, Weingarten-Ravensburg, Germany.
    Eberle, Tobias
    Business Informatics Group, University of Applied Sciences Ravensburg-Weingarten, Weingarten, Germany.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Google Trends data for analysing tourists’ online search behaviour and improving demand forecasting: The case of Åre, Sweden2019In: Information Technology & Tourism, ISSN 1098-3058, E-ISSN 1943-4294, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 45-62Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Accurate forecasting of tourism demand is of utmost relevance for the success of

    tourism businesses. This paper presents a novel approach that extends autoregressive

    forecasting models by considering travellers’ web search behaviour as additional

    input for predicting tourist arrivals. More precisely, the study presents a method

    with the capacity to identify relevant search terms and time lags (i.e. time difference

    between web search activities and tourist arrivals), and to aggregate these time

    series into an overall web search index with maximal forecasting power on tourism

    arrivals. The proposed approach enables a thorough analysis of temporal relationships

    between search terms and tourist arrivals, thus, identifying patterns that reflect

    online planning behaviour of travellers before visiting a destination. The study is

    conducted at the leading Swedish mountain destination, Åre, using arrival data and

    Google web search data for the period 2005–2012. Findings demonstrate the ability

    of the proposed approach to outperform traditional autoregressive approaches, by

    increasing the predictive power in forecasting tourism demand.

  • 64.
    Ioannides, Dimitri
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Röslmaier, Michael
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    van der Zee, Egbert
    Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands.
    Airbnb as an instigator of ‘tourism bubble’ expansion in Utrecht's Lombok neighbourhood2019In: Tourism Geographies, ISSN 1461-6688, E-ISSN 1470-1340, Vol. 21, no 5, p. 822-840Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Airbnb phenomenon as part of the broader growth of the so-called collaborative economy has grabbed the attention of a growing number of tourism researchers. Among the topics explored have been investigations as to the spatial tendencies of Airbnb in cities and discussions concerning its effects, inter alia, on gentrification, over-touristification and eventual resident displacement. Recognizing that the majority of extant studies have been conducted either in major cities, which in their own right attract large numbers of visitors or in tourism-intensive smaller communities we chose to investigate what Airbnb growth means for a mid-sized city with a highly diversified economy, which is not yet over-touristified. Our focus was on the Dutch city of Utrecht. Through a geospatial and statistical analysis of AirDNA data, we explored the growth of Airbnbs in the city overall, focusing specifically on the phenomenon's effects on the Lombok neighbourhood, a nascent ‘neo-bohemia’ neighbouring the city-centre tourist bubble. Our analysis reveals that although Airbnb activity in this neighbourhood is relatively recent there are signs suggesting that further touristification of parts of Lombok has ignited increased Airbnb activity. Moreover, there is a distance decay of Airbnb activity as one moves away from the city centre and from established tourism services including restaurants. These findings suggest that in an emerging neo-bohemian space such as Lombok, Airbnb takes on a role as instigator of urban tourism bubble expansion. The study ends with a call for further investigations to better understand the implications expanded Airbnb activity has, among others, on social justice within cities. For example, future investigations could examine the manner in which Airbnbs influence the everyday life of the residents of urban spaces and investigate the conflicts that might arise in Airbnb ghettoes between visitors and locals. 

  • 65.
    Ioannides, Dimitri
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Wall-Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    What does the concept of over-tourism mean for remote natural areas?2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 66.
    Ioannides, Dimitri
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Zampoukos, Kristina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Exploring the geographic dimensions of tourism work and workers2019In: A Research Agenda for Tourism Geographies / [ed] Dieter K Müller, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2019, 1, p. 89-98Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the neoliberal era we live in, a number of issues crop up, seriously hindering the pursuit of equity/social justice dimensions of sustainable development in numerous communities worldwide. Importantly, in many tourism-related sectors we notice an ever-increasing reliance on outsourced casual/part-time labour, much of it based on zero-hours contracts. Often we hear that workers demand a ‘living wage’, given that government-mandated minimum wage contracts – if they exist – do not reflect the reality of ever-increasing living costs encountered in places affected by tourism. This chaptercalls for a research agenda relating to the geographies of tourism work and workers. Specifically, this agenda draws inspiration fromthe work of Andrew Herod, who argues that workers are the authors of their own everyday geographies under capitalism, as well as the research conducted by Tufts, who specifically examines issues revolving around the geography of hotel workers. The chapter seeks to set an agenda to further strengthen our understanding of the everyday geographies of people who are classified as tourism workers. Issues addressed relate inter alia to the workers’ identity, geographic mobility (or immobility), and workers’coping strategies in negotiatinga highly uneven playing field in the working environment but also in terms of access to resources such as affordable housing. The chapteralso raises questions such as:In what manner do recent developments (e.g., the rise of the shared economy) impact the geography of tourism workers?

  • 67.
    Janstad, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Norrsén, Klas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Vilken funktion har en akademisk turismutbildning i besöksnäringen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 68.
    Jonsson, Amanda
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    The Challenges Experienced by Females in Leading Positions within a Male-dominated organisation: A feministic study2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study is conducted in cooperation with a gender research group, at Mid Sweden University as a part of their larger study of gender equality within the organisation SCA. The purpose is to identify the challenges that females experience as leaders within male-dominated industries. The research approach is based on social constructivism philosophy and with an abductive reasoning approach. The empirical data were gathered with a qualitative method, usinginterviews as a research tool. The analysis was conducted with temple analysis method. The research’s findings showed that the organisation had a stereotype of a leader that connects the ideal leader to the male stereotype, that creates challenges for females in leading positions. It also indicated that the organisation had masculine structures and that it values employee’s that are being decisive, competitive, result-focused, etc. The research result also indicated that thestereotypes in the organisation are creating challenges for females in both operating abilities and challenges with advancing/get employment as a leader.

  • 69.
    Jonsson, Annika
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Nordlöf, Gustaf
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Platsintraprenörer och platsvarumärke: Fallstudie: Östersund2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 70.
    Jonsson, Annika
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Pettersson, Robert
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Besöksnäringens roll för regional utveckling: Ett nedslag i Jämtland Härjedalen2020Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report compiles data at a national and regional level in order to develop the tourism industry and provide input to the ongoing strategic work in the region of Jämtland Härjedalen. The report is part of a project with funding from Region Jämtland Härjedalen. The project is run by Jämtland Härjedalen Tourism (JHT), in collaboration with the tourism research centre ETOUR at Mid Sweden University.

     

    The report presents the complex nature of tourism research, including several academic disciplines in order to better understand, explain and problematise tourism and travel. Tourism is a global phenomenon that is closely linked to economic development, demographic change, social relations and changes in the natural environment. Tourism contributes, both positively and negatively, to ecological, economic and social change. There are several challenges when it comes to sustainable destination development where growth in business often is given priority before social and environmental consequences.

     

    Swedish tourism academic research often addresses the benefits and challenges that the tourism industry can bring to society. Research on the impact of tourism on the climate has also increased in recent years, as well as the role of tourism in local communities. A clear trend is that the focus on sustainability has become increasingly important in tourism research.

     

    In addition to tourism research, national and regional reports and documents on tourism in Sweden and Jämtland Härjedalen are presented. These reports and documents show that the country's growing tourism industry is important for development throughout the country, and there are clear synergies between local service and tourism in rural areas. The hospitality industry can be described as an important link between the city and the countryside, and there are few other industries that have such a distinct "whole-country perspective".

     

    There are challenges for the tourism and hospitality industry to achieve sustainable economic, ecological and social development. Therefore, there is a great need for a unified policy for the country's hospitality industry, where collaboration and joint development processes between several different actors at different levels are crucial.

     

    When people connected to the hospitality industry in Jämtland Härjedalen are asked about areas of strength and challenges, a broad picture emerges. It is worth noting that these are both positive and negative. Nature and sustainability have a major impact, but also soft values ​​(eg health, pride, identity and the importance of the environment) play a big role.

     

    Smart specialization is a concept that revolves around the question how regions in the best way can strengthen their competitiveness. Those interviewed find that the hospitality industry is a good gateway into the labor market that offers employment throughout the region, even in areas that have few other employment possibilities. The hospitality industry is further found to contribute to good health and contributes to people moving to the region. Tourism maintains local service and in Jämtland Härjedalen it has a long tradition and strong connection to research and education.

     

    The final section of the report discusses how data and data analysis link to the tourism industry. It is stated that this relatively rich data material would benefit from more in-depth analysis and that the research community needs to be better at measuring, describing and comparing even societal and “soft” values.

     

    The report states that the operators in the tourism industry experience that roles and responsibilities are many times unclear. With an ever-changing funding, the conditions for long-term ambitions is weak. It is important to clarify roles and responsibilities, as well as what priorities are to be made in the future, that strategies at all levels are elaborated and anchored with good conditions for implementation.

     

    Finally, it is noted that the hospitality industry plays a major role in regional development and quality of life. The tourism impacts are often complex, but continued strategic decisions are important for strengthening long-term sustainable development that develops the local society, attracts tourists, offers job opportunities and make it possible for people to stay in the region.

  • 71.
    Jordhus-Lier, David
    et al.
    Department of Sociology and Geography, University of Oslo, Norway.
    Underthun, Anders
    Oslo Metropolitan University, Norway.
    Zampoukos, Kristina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Changing workplace geographies: Restructuring warehouse employment in the Oslo region2019In: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 51, no 1, p. 69-90Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article examines changing employment relations in Norwegian warehouses, and conceptualises the increasing use of temporary agency workers as a redrawing of workplace geographies. The empirical basis for the analysis is four qualitative warehouse workplace studies, including focus group and interview data. The theoretical framework of the article combines an adapted version of the territory-place-scale-network (TPSN) framework developed by Bob Jessop, Neil Brenner and Martin Jones with the concepts of labour control and labour agency. The analysis shows how a networked recruitment system based on Swedish labour migrants, mediated via temporary work agencies, encourage workers to work their way through levels of employment insecurity in order to secure permanent employment. The article argues that the blurring and redrawing of legal boundaries through labour hire can be understood as a territorial strategy of control that affects the workplace as a scale of justice for trade unions. Moreover, the analysis shows how managerial control is conditioned by workers’ individual, habitual and collective agency.

  • 72.
    Karlsson, Emma
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Wisting, Elsa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Money, money, money, must be funny, in the rich man's world:Lönar det sig för företag med arbeta hållbart?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The increased challenge the world is facing and the growing interest and demands in sustainable investment make corporate social responsibility an increasingly and important questions for companies. Researchers even argue that this social responsibility that is expected from different stakeholders has become an issue for the companies, and as a result, reporting of such activities has become more common. Since there is no clear definition for what CSR means, it is up to the companies themselves to interpret the expression, which can lead to large differences in what they prioritize and work with. Some companies tend to adapt CSR in a way to draw attention to the benefits that exist, others as a way to satisfy their stakeholders. This is criticized for happening instead of genuinely working with socially responsible actions and implementing them in the organization. The purpose of this study was to examine the existing relationship between the CSR and profitability, focusing on European companies. Furthermore, the study has focused on examine this connection together with three control variables, firm size, in terms of number of employees, sector and geographical position.The selection in the study consisted of 352 European companies distributed in 11 sectors categorized according to the Global Industry Classification Standard (GICS) which has been tested in a path analysis which is a composition of bivariate and multivariate regression analysis, including all the variables. The results of the study indicate that larger companies work more with CSR in their organization, but it does not necessarily lead to a higher profitability. Furthermore, the result show that the sector has no significance meaning for the amount of CSR work or profitability, the result rather shows that the sector has a negative effect on profitability. Finally, the result showed that the geographical position of the European companies does not involve a greater amount of CSR work. This shows that, irrespective of the country in which the company is located, it does not necessarily mean more work with CSR, while the result showed that geographical position can have a positive effect on the profitability.

  • 73.
    Karlsson, Rikard
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Sekretess för personuppgiftsincidenter: behövs ett starkare sekretesskydd?2019In: Förvaltningsrättslig Tidskrift, ISSN 0015-8585, no 2, p. 177-198Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den 25 maj 2018 trädde EU:s dataskyddsförordning i kraft och ställer nya krav på den som behandlar personuppgifter. En nyhet med förordningen är skyldigheten att anmäla personuppgiftsincidenter till ansvarig tillsynsmyndighet. I Sverige är det Datainspektionen som är tillsynsmyndighet. Även om den incidentrapportering som ska ske enligt dataskyddsförordningen har goda intentioner finns också risker med anmälningsskyldigheten. En anmälan till tillsynsmyndigheten kan i vissa fall innebära en upplysning om att ingivarens it-system är sårbart för attacker. En anmälan om en personuppgiftsincident kan till exempel avslöja svagheter i skyddet av personuppgifter i aktuella system och i vissa fall även påvisa hur vidtagna skyddsåtgärder kan kringgås för att få obehörig tillgång till systemet. En förutsättning för att den personuppgiftsansvarige ska anmäla incidenter i den omfattning och med sådant innehåll som dataskyddsförordningen kräver är att uppgifter som är känsliga ur säkerhetssynpunkt har ett relevant sekretesskydd hos tillsynsmyndigheten. Frågan om sekretess för personuppgiftsincidenter har nyligen utretts i förarbetena till lagen (2018:218) med kompletterande bestämmelser till EU:s dataskyddsförordning. Den bedömning som lagstiftaren gjorde var att ett förstärkt sekretesskydd för personuppgiftsincidenter inte behövs, utan att sekretessbestämmelsen i framför allt 18 kap. 8 § 3 offentlighets- och sekretesslagen (2009:400) (OSL) ger ett tillräckligt sekretesskydd på området. I senare underrättspraxis framträder dock en oklar syn angående vilket sekretesskydd uppgifter om säkerhetsåtgärder i personuppgiftsincidenter har hos tillsynsmyndigheten. Syftet med denna artikel är att undersöka sekretesskyddet för sådana personuppgiftsincidenter som i enlighet med dataskyddsförordningen ska anmälas till tillsynsmyndigheten i Sverige. En fråga som diskuteras i artikeln är huruvida nuvarande sekretessbestämmelser ger ett tillräckligt sekretesskydd för uppgifter i personuppgiftsincidenter eller om en förändring av sekretesskyddet är motiverat.

  • 74.
    Karlsson, Rikard
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Vissa förutsättningar inför reformeringen av Arbetsförmedlingen: Rapportering i enlighet med regeringsuppdrag2019Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 75.
    Kastberg, Lars
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Modin, Magnus
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    E-handel och fysiska mellanhänders hantering av butiksdöden2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The rapid technology advancement has led to more and more physical stores closing down or backing in profit figures. In turn, this has led the classical intermediaries into a problematic situation. Store managers have noticed this change of events, and also top management within larger groups, such as H&M, are aware of this. Therefore, this study aims to find out why stores have not changed to e-commerce to a greater extent, and how store managers look to the future of the physical clothing stores.Previous research has shown that many factors affect a consumer’s shopping habits in today's consumer society, how these shopping habits change over time, and how a deeply rooted corporate culture can make necessary organizational changes difficult. In this study, we have done in-depth interviews with store managers, and then interpret and analyze whatthese managers said, to get a good overview how these store managers deal with the changes that are occurring in the clothing industry due to e-commerce. In total, 8 store managers were interviewed and whose responses were analyzed with an analysis model formed in a thematic order in contrast with the theories we used in the study.We can conclude that the store managers have high faith in their own business despite the development of e-commerce. The store managers firmly believe that e-commerce cannot compete with the value that services provides in stores. Our assumption is that the organizations as a whole have lived with this belief, and that this may be the reason why the intermediaries have not switched to e-commerce earlier.

  • 76.
    Klüppelholz, Bente
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Towards sustainable communities: Food sharing as an instrument to reduce food waste: An analysis of retailers and consumers in Östersund2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 77.
    Kronenberg, Kai
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    A quantity-quality framework for measuring the regional socio-economic impact of tourism: The case of Jämtland Härjedalen2019Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Measuring the economic effects of tourism has always been a high priority for private and public actors in the regional economy (Stabler et al 2009). These estimates provide insights about the generation of sales, jobs, and income associated with tourism, but also support industry officials in the regional development agenda. Measuring tourism’s economic impact in a region typically involves economic impact models that capture both primary and secondary effects (Comerio and Strozzi 2019). However, results gained from these models are limited in regards to highly aggregated and growth-oriented indicators on the macro-level.

    These economic impact models ‘fulfil’ their purpose in incorporating the assumptions of mainstream economics and in focusing on macro-level indicators related to economic growth (Elsner 2017). That involves the risk that important socio-economic aspects, such as the distribution of income, are less considered in regional tourism development agendas. Even so-called ‘advanced’ models neglect distributional dimensions in estimating the impact of tourism (Lee 2009). Accordingly, a growing body of literature starts criticizing mainstream economics’ modelling assumptions and its narrow view on economic growth (Söderbaum 2017). Instead, economic analyses should put more focus multi-dimensional perspectives, including the institutional (i.e. meso-level) perspective in addition to the traditional macro- and micro view (Dopfer et al. 2004). Furthermore, various forms of inequalities are identified to typically hamper regional development from a socio-economic point of view (Moulaert and Nussbaumer 2005a).

    Against this background, the aim of this thesis is to propose a framework that extends traditional economic impact approaches and allows the measurement of tourism impact from a broader socio-economic perspective. The approach in this thesis comprises a macro as well as a meso level analysis and utilizes a mixed-method approach (Dopfer et al. 2004; Khoo-Lattimore et al. 2017). More concretely, the traditional economic impact methodology is further developed in order to estimate disaggregated employment and income effects for specific occupations, and to estimate the income distribution across occupations in major tourism sectors.

    This analysis is conducted for the county of Jämtland and comprises the period + time (Daniels et al. 2004). A series of interviews with major regional industry- and policy representatives complements the impact analysis from the meso-level perspective. By doing so, the institutional perspectives helped identifying potential reasons for variations in occupation and income developments in tourism.

    Findings show that the traditional way of analysing tourism’s impacts does not only provide the full picture of the impacts, but also even gives potentially misleading information. While, in general, the tourism industry benefits from annually growing arrival numbers in terms of sales, the income level of the tourism workforce remains among the lowest in the entire regional economy. In addition, the income inequality across occupations in the main tourism sector accommodation & food is increasing, indicating a negative trend in the industry. This can be partly attributed to decreasing union membership rates, short-term career perspectives, and increasing shares of occupations without requirements for higher education. Like in other branches, the role of education in the tourism industry is particularly important to overcome these trends.

    This study shows that extending traditional ways of analysing the economic impact of tourism by incorporating additional socio-economic dimensions contributes to a better understanding the socio-economic sustainability of the regional tourism industry. By putting the focus away from pure growth-driven indicators, this approach proposes an alternative way for measuring tourism’s impacts, which can, hopefully, be implemented and institutionalized in the future.

  • 78.
    Kronenberg, Kai
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Socio-economic effects of tourism: An occupation-based modelling approach from Sweden2019In: BOOK OF ABSTRACTS: Critical tourism studies, 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Planners and developers in regions showing touristic activities are typically interested in measuring the economic impact of tourism (Dwyer et al. 2004; Klijs et al. 2012; Kim & Kim 2015). However, even ‘advanced’ economic impact models neglect major societal dimensions, such as income equality or the type and quality of occupations in the various tourism-related sectors (Mazumder et al. 2012; Kronenberg et al. 2018). While neo-classic economics is still representing the dominant paradigm (Dobusch & Kapeller 2009), economic impact models ‘fulfill’ their purpose in incorporating the assumptions of mainstream economics and in focusing on macro-level indicators related to economic growth (Elsner 2017). However, a growing body of literature starts criticizing mainstream economics’ modelling assumptions and its narrow view of ‘monetary reductionism’, thus hampering advanced approaches able to consider socio-economic effects (Söderbaum 2017). In their seminal paper on the Social Region, Moulaert & Nussbaumer (2005) argue that the focus of regional development theories should turn away from market competition towards concepts that effectively incorporate dimensions of a region’s social, political, cultural and community development. By doing so, the authors highlight various forms of inequality that typically impede the path towards the Social Region (ibid, 2005b).

    Behind this background, the aim of this study is to propose a new approach that allows the measurement of tourism impact from a broader socio-economic perspective. In order to overcome the predominant growth focus, the study of tourism’s socio-economic impact comprises a macro as well as a meso level analysis and utilizes a mixed-method approach (Dopfer et al. 2004). More concretely, the macro level analysis of tourism’s socio-economic impact, first, includes the regionalization of the national Input-Output model to estimate primary and secondary employment and income effects for the Swedish region of Jämtland (Flegg & Tohmo 2011). In contrast to typical economic impact studies in tourism (Mazumder et al. 2012) and in order to estimate employment and income effects for various occupational domains individually and within various tourism-related sub-sectors, we extend the analysis by applying the occupation-based modelling (OBM) approach (Daniels et al. 2004). This approach allows estimating income inequalities and its variations over time (in our case from 2008 to 2015) for major tourism sectors, expressed by Gini coefficients and Lorenz curves, respectively (Lee & Kang 1998). Findings highlight that the incomes in the accommodation & food sector fall below the regional average - the lowest among all tourism-related industries. Interestingly, compared to others sectors (e.g. recreation & entertainment, retail), income inequality within this sector is relatively low (i.e. Gini coefficient = 0.15). However, growing coefficients are pointing at a negative trend over time: Between 2008 and 2013, the income of the top 15% earning occupations increased by 8%, while income of the bottom 15% earning occupations grew only by 1%. The latter occupations comprise seasonal workers, cleaning personal and kitchen assistants. We further analyze and critically discuss occupational developments and related income distributions (i.e. Gini coefficient trends) for major tourism-related sub-sectors of the Swedish region of Jämtland.

    The second part of the analysis relates to the meso-level (Dopfer et al. 2004). A series of qualitative interviews with major regional industry and policy representatives (e.g. labor unions, hotel association, etc.) helped identifying potential reasons for variations in occupation and income developments in tourism. Findings show that large parts of low income workers stay in their job for only a short time, implying that newly employed workers are continuously hired at low (i.e. entry-level) wages. Furthermore, because of their expected short-term employment, tourism workers consider union memberships as unnecessary (Kjellberg 2017). Interestingly, the interviews helped identify also promising career opportunities showing steadily increasing income levels. These jobs, however, require higher educational profiles. Like in other branches, only higher education levels seem to overcome the low-income situation in tourism. To conclude, the interviewed industry-representatives perceived the proposed approach of occupation-based modelling and its related findings from measuring income inequalities particularly well. This gives reason for hope that in tourism regions new methods of socio-economic impact analysis will be implemented and institutionalized in the future. 

  • 79.
    Kulander, Maria
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för utbildning och ekonomi, Avdelningen för ekonomi, Nationalekonomi..
    Gebert-Persson, Sabine
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Wilhelmsson, Mats
    KTH, Building and Real Estate Economics.
    Bellman, Lina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Lind, Hans
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi..
    Does the choice of living depend on where you live?2019In: Book of proceedings: 8th Malmö Real Estate Research Conference / [ed] Peter Palm, Malmö: Department of Urban Studies, Malmö University , 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For many years, it has been policy in Sweden to help elderly people remain in their current homes for as long as possible. Earlier research has been performed in the USA (Gibler and Clements III, 2011) and in China (Jia and Heath, 2016), but these questions remain understudied in Sweden. Kulander (2018) showed a model of the demand for adapted houses that was designed and tested on data gathered in Gävle in 2012. The method uses a binary choice model with stated preference data. In this article, we would like to test this model on a more general basis to see whether the result is the same no matter if the respondents live in an urban or rural area. An argument is that urban areas have a higher population density and thus higher taxes, higher demands on property and greater spread in the demography. This could be set in relation to the more rural areas characterized by low population density where the younger generation move to urban areas where the jobs are, which in turn creates supply of properties higher than the demand. In order to capture the pattern of the life cycle in housing, data for this paper has been gathered in Stockholm, Vallentuna, Uppsala, Sundsvall, Vansbro, Sollefteå, Torsby, Ragunda and Överkalix during 2015. From 7000 questionnaires that has been sent responses from about 40 % persons was received. Data indicate a difference between rural and urban areas as expected.

  • 80.
    Laven, Daniel
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Chekalina, Tatiana
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Margaryan, Lusine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Varley, Peter
    Taylor, Steve
    Building the slow adventure brand in the northern periphery2019In: The Nordic Wave in Place Branding: Poetics, Practices, Politics / [ed] Cecilia Cassinger, Andrea Lucarelli and Szilvia Gyimóthy, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2019, p. 76-90Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter introduces the SAINT project and the slow adventure concept. The core pillars of the ‘slow adventure’ brand include elements such as human-powered slow journeys, inspiring connectedness with nature, wildlife watching opportunities, nature interpretation, local, wild or slow food as well as the honing of outdoor skills. These core pillars (or themes) are highly relevant to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) involved in the SAINT project and constitute the essence of ‘slow adventure’ as a product concept. Typical nature-based activities available across the project area include expeditions into nature, overnight stays combined with nature experiences, wildlife viewing, hiking, recreational kayaking, canoeing and rowing, outdoor photography, as well as slow cooking and foraging. Most importantly, the ‘slow adventure’ product concept shapes the marketing message of the transnational cluster and brand, which companies can use to develop their product and reach the market. The chapter concludes by discussing the implications of these marketing and cluster activities within the Nordic tourism context.

  • 81.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Chekalina, Tatiana
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Lundberg, Christine
    University of Surrey.
    The ABBA fandom: - an online survey2019Report (Other academic)
  • 82.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Lundberg, Christine
    University of Stavanger.
    Chekalina, Tatiana
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Traveling in the Footsteps of ABBA2019In: Journal of Popular Culture, ISSN 0022-3840, E-ISSN 1540-5931, Vol. 52, no 6, p. 1408-1432Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 83.
    Lind, Selma
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    "Det ska finnas någoting för alla" (Den turismansvarige för Ovanåkers kommun): En fallstudie om marknadsföring av en perifer destination i Sverige2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 84.
    Lindahl Toftegaard, Eva
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Offentlig upphandling2019In: Inköp och supply chain management: Analys, strategi, planering och praktik / [ed] Arjan Van Weele, Katarina Arbin, Stockholm: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, 2, , p. 22p. 155-179Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kapitel 6 i boken: Frågor om inköp omfattar även offentlig upphandling. För den offentliga sektorns köp gäller särskilda regler och upphandlingsregelverket är omfattande. Här beskrivs begreppet offentlig upphandling, principerna som ligger till grund för upphandling och olika slags upphandlinsförfarande mm. Även skillnaden mellan de svenska reglerna och EU-reglerna på området klargörs.

  • 85.
    Lindahl Toftegaard, Eva
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Svag ansvarskultur påverkar upphandlingar2019Other (Other academic)
  • 86.
    Lindberg, Agnes
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Viklund, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Om sanningen ska fram:Sambandet mellan integrering av CSR i verksamheten och aktieanalytikers prognossäkerhet genom kvalitet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A topic that has become increasingly relevant over the past years is for companies to report their non-financial information, for example CSR. This kind of reporting can result in several profitable aspects which, among others include a good reputation and competitive advantage. The purpose of this study was to analyse how the relationship between the integrating of CSR into the operation, the quality of the CSR-reports and equity analysts' forecast security could be described and understood. The selection was made from 27,000 companies through a database with the requirement was that they must have a market capitalization of more than 5 billion USD and that the stock analysts' forecast security did not deviate from the actual outcome with less than -10,000%. After the selection, 1311 companies remained that met the requirement and could be included in the study. The study used both regression- and path analysis to analyse the collected data. The results showed that there was a positive significant correlation between the quality of the CSR reports and the forecast security of equity analysts. In addition, we found a positive significant correlation between CSR's integration into operations and equity analysts' forecast security through the quality of CSR reports.

  • 87.
    Lindgren, Agnes
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Utlandsresa eller hemester?: En studie om orsakerna bakom svenskars minskade utlandsresande2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 88.
    Lindquist, Amanda
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Viklund, Lina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Revisorers attityd vid rekommendation av K-regelverk till små och medelstora företag.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bokföringsnämndens K-regelverk was introduced in 2014 and is today the accounting framework which small and medium-sized companies should follow when it comes to their accounting and how the current accounting for the financial year should end. The small and medium-sized companies are the ones that primarily contribute to work opportunities in Sweden. With the unemployment in the country today, it is therefore very important that thecompanies have the best possible conditions. The companies are involved in shaping the economic development in Sweden. These companies has small knowledge when it comes to the choice between K2 and K3, which is the reason why the auditor often has an influential role. Therefore, it is important that the choice is right from the beginning, since there are difficulties in changing between the regulations back and forth. This study questions theauditor's actual intention behind their recommendation of K-regelverk. With the increase in the commercial behavior of auditors, we find it interesting if they are based on their own or the auditor's own interest in the form of a commercial or personal attitude, or if it is the customer's best interests, and the auditor is as professional he/she should be. The study collected data through a survey that was sent by email to auditors throughout Sweden. Theywere asked to answer questions related to the different attitudes; commercial, professional and personal, but also background questions such as years in the profession, gender, age, which audit firm they work on and whether they are authorized or approved auditors. The sample in the study consisted of 54 auditors. The study's results show, among other things, a negativelysignificant correlation between qualified auditor, that is, authorized or approved auditor, and the commercial attitude. When recommending the K-regelverk for small and medium-sized companies, auditors do not seem to have any self-interest, but the recommendation is made for the company's best interests.

  • 89.
    Lindvert, Marta
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Patel, Pankaj C.
    Villanova University, Villanova, PA, USA.
    Smith, Célina
    EMLYON Business School, France.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Microfinance Traps and Relational Exchange Norms: A Field Study of Women Entrepreneurs in Tanzania2019In: Journal of small business management (Print), ISSN 0047-2778, E-ISSN 1540-627X, Vol. 57, no 1, p. 230-254Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In interdependent social groups, microfinance traps occur when conflicts arise between borrowers' affective ties related to family needs and instrumental ties related to obligations toward their loan group. Thus, the social capital that facilitates microfinancing can lead to conflicting obligations toward business needs and economic obligations toward family. Building on an inductive field study among female entrepreneurs in Tanzania, we conceptualize microfinance traps. By using relational contract theory to interpret the qualitative data, we argue that microfinance traps can be reduced by balancing role integrity, preserving norms and reciprocity, and harmonizing the social matrix toward the family and loan group. 

  • 90.
    Ljung, Evelina
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Özkan, Halime Rojda
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Tjänstefel som begås av statligt anställda: En undersökning av de förhållanden som kan vara avgörande i rätten när det gäller tjänstefel av en polisman2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 91.
    Ljunggren, Ida
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Persson, Klara
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    No (wo)man is an island: A qualitative research depicting cultural impacts on female tourism entrepreneurs in the communal society of Samoa.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 92.
    Lundberg, Heléne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Bank relationships’ contributions to SME export performance2019In: International Journal of Bank Marketing, ISSN 0265-2323, E-ISSN 1758-5937, Vol. 37, no 5, p. 1143-1164Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine to what extent, and in what ways, various types of bank support improve small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) export performance. It contributes to bank marketing and international marketing theory and practice by clarifying bank contributions to SME export performance at the firm level. Design/methodology/approach: The study method is an on-site survey, encompassing 135 manufacturing Swedish SMEs. Five hypotheses are tested using ordinary least squares regression. Findings: The higher the export performance, the greater the importance attributed to bank funding of international business. The importance of transaction and/or currency services provided by banks for SMEs’ ability to do business abroad was confirmed, but with the important limitation that the effect diminishes as the number of markets increases. Furthermore, the results indicate that SMEs with low export performance attach a high importance to the advisory services that banks can offer regarding international business. No significant results for knowledge sharing or support from bank contacts were found. Practical implications: SME managers are encouraged to view banks as potential providers of a diverse set of value-added resources while taking into consideration that some banks will have more developed resources and support policies than others. The study results also assist banks in building effective strategies for enhancing their relationships with SME clients, as it provides detailed information on how SMEs relate different kinds of bank services to their export performance. Originality/value: As the first paper to describe SME-perceived relationships between different bank services and export performance, this study informs bank marketing and international marketing theory about bank contributions to SME internationalisation. 

  • 93.
    Lundberg, Heléne
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Rehnfors, Anneli
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    The immigrant effect from employer and employee perspectives in a Swedish context2019In: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, ISSN 1476-1297, E-ISSN 1741-8054, Vol. 36, no 1-2, p. 126-147Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This explorative study addresses the immigrant effect. Not only is the employer perspective considered, but employed immigrants also share their experiences. We report a multi-case comparative study of two immigrant-employing SMEs in Vasternorrland, a peripheral and sparsely populated region located in Mid Sweden, in northern Europe. The employment of immigrants reportedly had several advantages as well as disadvantages. Both employers and immigrant employees agreed that the immigrants' language and cultural competences reduced psychic distances between the company and the export market represented by the immigrant's country of origin. Employers reported a generally increased awareness of psychic distance among markets resulting from the employment of immigrants, though employing immigrants resulted in increased psychic distance within the companies. 

  • 94.
    Margaryan, Lusine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    A review of: sustainable island tourism: competitiveness and quality of life, edited by Patrizia Modica and Muzaffer Uysal2019In: Tourism Geographies, ISSN 1461-6688, E-ISSN 1470-1340Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 95.
    Margaryan, Lusine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Book review: Femininities in the Field: Tourism and Transdisciplinary Research, Brooke A. Porter and Heike A. Schänzel (eds) (2018)2019In: Hospitality & Society, Vol. 9, no 1Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 96.
    Mehtiyeva, Aydan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    The Journey to “A Distant Homeland”: A Qualitative Study of the Demand and Supply of Ancestral Tourism in Sweden2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 97.
    Mkrtchyan, Manik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Rashid, Sanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Vilka faktorer väger domstolen in för att bedöma om en person ska utvisas efter att ha begått en våldtäkt i Sverige?2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 98.
    Månsson, Hilda
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Changing practises in a globalised urban landscape: The renegotiated conditions for dwelling in east London2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 99.
    Nakaggwa, Daphine Sharieff
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Sörlin, Marta
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Asylrätt i Sverige: Internationellt skyddsbehov ’’Sur place’’ – Asylskäl som har uppkommit efter man har lämnat sitt hemland2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 100.
    Nicolosi, Agata
    et al.
    Mediterranean University of Reggio Calabria, Italy.
    Laganà, Valentina Rosa
    Mediterranean University of Reggio Calabria, Italy.
    Laven, Daniel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Marcianò, Claudio
    Mediterranean University of Reggio Calabria, Italy.
    Skoglund, Wilhelm
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Consumer Habits of Local Food: Perspectives from Northern Sweden2019In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 23, article id 6715Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    International studies are dealing with the promotion of sustainable food systems more frequently. Additionally, places of purchase and sharing in the choice of food to be consumed have become a network system for families. The aim of this work is to analyse the preferences of Swedish consumers for local/artisanal cheeses and the purchase motivations that guide their choices. We also studied the role played by consumers’ favourite shopping locations (retail store, hypermarket, city market, supply chain). On the one hand, we examined the attractiveness and the power exercised by the various stores and on the other hand, we viewed the consumer in relation to the frequency of purchase, and the confidence with the sales points. We interviewed 200 people in the city of Östersund, highlighting habits, consumption preferences and reasons for purchasing. A multiple correspondence analysis explores the reasons behind the purchase preferences of the local ‘Källarlagrad getost’ artisan cheese from the Slow Food brand. The representations of social network analysis are used to show the complex articulations that influence the choices of consumers in terms of type of cheese purchased/consumed and places of purchase/consumption. The results showed that Swedish consumers, in the purchase of cheeses, have a loyalty point at the point of sale, follow the advice of the seller and are attentive to the reputation of the product. Those who buy Källarlagrad getost are sensitive to safety, appreciate artisan cheeses and choose them for their versatility, have a strong connection with the territory and wish to contribute to supporting the local economy. Knowing these characteristics and preferences of Swedish consumers living in a city in the north of the country is important for marketing activities and for promoting tourism and sustainable gastronomy.

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