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  • 51.
    Nilsson, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Ledarskapsdimensioner inom detaljhandeln: En studie om ledarskapets påverkan på kundnöjdhet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 52.
    Nourallah, Mustafa
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Strandberg, Christer
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Öhman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Understanding the Relationship between Trust and Satisfaction on Mobile Bank Application2019In: ICEEG 2019 Proceedings of the 2019 3rd International Conference on E-commerce, E-Business and E-Government, Lyon: ACM Digital Library, 2019, p. 58-61Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper aims to study the relationship between trust and satisfaction on mobile bank applications (MBAs) based on the experience of young bank customers (YBCs). An electronic questionnaire was developed based on previous studies and was sent to YBCs. 146 complete responses were studied by utilizing, exploratory factor analysis, regression analysis, and ANOVA. The results indicate that there is a significant relationship between trust and satisfaction, as the development of the trust in MBAs will likely increase the satisfaction of YBCs

  • 53.
    Nyberg, Victor
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Jonsson, Sebastian
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Den agila religionen, är du troende?: En kvalitativ studie om det agila arbetssättet och påverkan på organisationskultur som råder2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Agile is a work method that involves a higher degree of flexibility and adaptability for organizations, which is to be met by empowered employees. Previous research regarding agile has focused on its benefits and to a certain degree also the difficulties in its implementation, but despite the agiles’ close connections to organizational culture according to our literature review that these two fields have to a wider extent not been given a qualitative and deeper analysis together, where focus is given to how agile is viewed as an organizational model outside the IT sector. This has been researched through seven semi-structured interviews with individuals with managerial roles within different organizations, where after the results have been analyzed from the standpoint of the study’s purpose and compared to earlier research. The respondents seem to display a positive attitude toward the agile and an awareness of the importance of organizational culture in organizational change. Then a final discussion and conclusion is made where the argument is put forth that the vagueness and ambiguity which tend to surround the agile as well as organizational culture could be an essential reason to why agile is not implemented to a wider extent.

  • 54.
    Omberg, Emma
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Paulsson, Julia
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Brexits effekter på den Irländska turismen: Politiska förändringar och dess påverkan på gränsöverskridande turism2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 55.
    Persson, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Rydstedt, Karin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Plats, perspektiv och planering: En komparativ fallstudie om implementeringen av destinationscertifieringar i Åre och Järvsö2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 56.
    Persson, Lisa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Små aktiebolags nytta med årsredovisningen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 57.
    Persson, Moa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Stadskärnan attraktivitet: -En fallstudie av Sundsvalls utveckling av deras stadskärnan-2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 58.
    Petridou, Evangelia
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences.
    Olausson, Pär M.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences.
    Ioannides, Dimitri
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Nascent island tourism policy development in Greenland: A network perspective2019In: Island Studies Journal, ISSN 1715-2593, E-ISSN 1715-2593Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Following its achievement of Self-Rule status in 2009 Greenland embarked on a series of measures to diversify its economy with an eye towards eventually gaining full independence from Denmark. Tourism was underlined as a key sector for reaching this goal and, consequently, over the last few years there has been a concerted effort to develop the island as an important polar destination. Significantly, the Greenlandic government created the tourism development policy for 2016-2020, which it views as a key instrument for shaping the sector’s future. In this paper, we adopted a policy network approach to determine the relational architecture among various stakeholders from the public and private sectors who are seen as relevant to tourism’s development. Inter alia, we examined how these actors were linked to each other while examining what kind of tourism networks existed in Greenland and what obstacles might hinder or foster their formation. A thematic analysis of qualitative data on Atlas.ti reveals that though there exist networks in the Greenlandic tourism sector, they are not policy networks and that the Greenlandic government’s approach to developing this tourism policy has been top-down, reflecting a ‘government’ rather than a ‘governance’ approach. Barriers to the formation of policy networks included lack of a shared image for the future; lack of trust among actors; lack of time and spatial fragmentation hindering iterative interactions, and lack of institutional enabling of information and knowledge sharing. 

  • 59.
    Prince, Solene
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Dwelling and tourism: Embracing the non-representational in the tourist landscape2019In: Landscape research, ISSN 0142-6397, E-ISSN 1469-9710, Vol. 44, no 6, p. 731-742Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The dwelling perspective outlines that landscapes are the product ofembodied actions and practices. Landscape scholars studying tourismand tourism scholars studying landscapes have neglected to apply thisperspective to local realities. Tourism most often represents an activity tointegrate to the landscape, rather than a complex socio-spatial phenomenon.When embodiments are studied, it is generally to speak of thetourist experience. I propose using the dwelling perspective to infusetourist landscapes with the non-representational ethos of materiality andembodiment. My proposition acknowledges the socio-cultural complexitiesthat the tourist system imposes on local people, and addresseslandscape as a material realm where there is constant interplay betweenlocalised practices and tourism dynamics. This perspective centres scientificconversations on the complex, yet mundane, experience of inhabitingtourist landscapes. Scholars should consider the impacts of tourismon living spaces as they contribute to the formation of language influencingplanners and politicians.

  • 60.
    Prince, Solene
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Volunteer tourism and the eco-village: Finding the host in the pedagogic experience2019In: Hospitality & Society, ISSN 2042-7913, E-ISSN 2042-7921, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 71-89Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The pedagogical dimension of volunteer tourism (VT) is often used to position volunteering as an alternative form of tourism. Many researchers seeking to understand the expansion and benefits of VT have approached the practice through the frameworks of transformative learning and global citizenship education. These forms of education have been criticized by pedagogy and tourism scholars alike as they reproduce an elitist neo-liberal system that positions the needs and desires of volunteers before those of host-community members. The case of Sólheimar eco-village, Iceland, is used to explore the role of the host-community during volunteer tourist experiences aimed at fostering global citizenship. While it is observed that the needs of volunteers are often prioritized, the community members of the eco-village are nonetheless significant actors in the transformative education process of these volunteers. The ability of community-members to provoke reflection amongst volunteers over their complex position as members (albeit transient) of an eco-village represents a form of learning based in critical thinking. By acknowledging the role of the host during VT encounters, researchers can avoid fixing the meaning of transformative learning and global citizenship in ways that reproduce volunteer-centric discourses.

  • 61.
    Rodriguez-Giron, Santiago
    et al.
    Division of Geography & Tourism, University of Leuven.
    Vanneste, Dominique
    Division of Geography & Tourism, University of Leuven.
    Ioannides, Dimitri
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    An intergrative model (iModel) for decision-making in tourism2019In: Tourism Planning & Development, ISSN 2156-8316, E-ISSN 2156-8324, Vol. 16, no 5, p. 514-532Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article contributes to the conceptual and methodological strengthening of the study of tourism as a complex phenomenon using systems thinking. It is aimed at supporting decision-making for tourist destinations’ planning and management. Few authors provide a schematic model of how tourism works, and among them, even fewer expressly use a systemic approach. However, nobody presents a methodology for their models’ analytical application to bridge theory and practice. The integrative model (iModel) fills this gap. It is developed through a review of previous models, research in Belgian, German and Ecuadorian cases, discussion in experts’ panels and supported by a long experience in destination development in Ecuador. Main contributions are 1) the introduction of a model of tourism as a dynamic complex system based on the functions performed by the actors involved in the tourism experience; and 2) the presentation of a methodology to apply the model-as-a-tool for decision-making support in tourism practice.

  • 62.
    Schmudde, Ulrich
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Sörensson, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Tourism Development in Rural Areas in Sweden In the Shadow of a Well-Established Destination2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tourism development is a field that has been studied by researchers for decades. Research has not yet addressed to any larger extent the issue of destinations that are situated in the shadow from a well-established destination. This article defined shadow destinations as destinations that exist in the shadow of a well-established destination with strong and wellknown brands. The well-established destinations have a famous brand and therefore attract many tourists. The shadow destinations on the other hand struggle with their tourism industry and the development of their destination. The aim with this paper was to study destinations in the shadow of well-established destinations with strong brands. The following questions are investigated: How are destinations in the shadow of well-established destinations affected in their tourism development? What are the conditions for tourism development for destinations in the shadow of well-established destinations? How can destinations in the shadow of well-established destinations benefit from the brand of the well-established destination? The study was constructed as a multiple case study where two shadow destinations in a rural setting in the middle of Sweden were chosen. Data was mainly collected from semi-structured interviews with representatives from the municipality, destination marketing organization, tourism companies as well as infrastructure companies. Data was also collected by observations and written materials. The results show that shadow destinations could add value to tourists in well-established destinations by offering an attraction that benefit the tourists. It also shows the importance of networking between the destinations and the usefulness of the well-known brand in their communication towards tourists. The shadow destination could also help a well-known destination to become more sustainable when the pressure of too many tourists of the well-established destinations is reduced. Finally, shadow destinations could create transport routes that make the tourists choose other ways and therefore experience attractions in the shadow destination.

  • 63.
    Schmudde, Ulrich
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Sörensson, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Skoglund, Wilhelm
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Tourism Development in Rural Areas – Success Factors for Growth with Support from Gastronomy?2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 64.
    Shepherd, Jack
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    A Review of “The rise of thana-capitalism and tourism” by Maximiliano E. Korstanje2019In: Tourism Geographies, ISSN 1461-6688, E-ISSN 1470-1340, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 731-733Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 65.
    Sjölander-Lindqvist, Annelie
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Skoglund, Wilhelm
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Laven, Daniel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Craft beer – building social terroir through connecting people, place and business2019In: Journal of Place Management and Development, ISSN 1753-8335, E-ISSN 1753-8343Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This paper aims to propose the concept of social terroir to help navigate phenomenological and epistemological conditions of small-scale food entrepreneurship.

    Design/methodology/approach – This study used a qualitative research approach and was implemented in the peripheral region of Jämtland in northern Sweden. The study interrogated the ambitions of craft brewers when starting up, their long-term goals and visions, including questions about the reason for starting up a brewery, how the different brewers cooperate and how and why the products are designed and labelled the way they are.

    Findings – This study shows that the production of craft beer is an inherently social practice that is part of a particular sociocultural milieu. This milieu informs production in distinct and interrelated ways: through connecting to place and locality in the different aspects of production and marketing, through cooperation to develop production and overcome barriers, and through embedding their work in sustainability discourses.

    Originality/value – The study addresses how, in the context of craft beer, terroir or taste of place, is a matter of social ties to place and community–social terroir. What is novel is the way in which social terroir becomes a critical ingredient in the production of craft beer. This illustrates how small-scale food production and gastronomic efforts can link people, places and businesses.

  • 66.
    Stockenstrand, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Söderström, R
    Öhman, P
    Finansiell tillsyn 20202019Book (Other academic)
  • 67.
    Strömgren, Andreas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Idrottsevenemangs påverkan på näringslivet i Sverige: Studie om hur alpina skid- och skidskytte-VM påverkat några företag i Åre och Östersund.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 68.
    Sundin, Jonas
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Strömgren, Rebecka
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Matturism- ett recept för en levande landsbygd i Jämtland län?: En kvalitativ studie om matturismen kan bidra till landsbygdsutveckling i Jämtlands län2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 69.
    Svanberg, Jan
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Öhman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Auditors' issue contingency of reduced audit quality acts: Perceptions of managers and partners2019In: International Journal of Accounting, Auditing and Performance Evaluation, ISSN 1740-8008, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 57-88Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how managers and partners in audit firms perceive the moral intensity of various reduced audit quality (RAQ) acts, and whether perceived moral intensity affects the likelihood of these acts being committed. We surveyed managers and partners employed by audit firms operating in Sweden, measuring their perceptions of the moral intensity of seven RAQ acts using Jones' (1991) moral intensity scale and their self-reported frequencies of these acts. The study finds that managers and partners regard RAQ acts as morally serious, and that the moral intensity of an RAQ act is negatively related to the frequency of the act's occurrence for three of the seven acts. This suggests that managers' and partners' moral intensity perceptions do not unequivocally discourage auditors from committing these offences.

  • 70.
    Svanberg, Jan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle.
    Öhman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Neidermeyer, Presha E.
    West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV USA.
    Auditor objectivity as a function of auditor negotiation self-efficacy beliefs2019In: Advances in Accounting, ISSN 0882-6110, Vol. 44, no March 2019, p. 121-131Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study empirically examines whether an auditor's perceived ability to negotiate discretionary accounting issues with clients (auditor negotiation self-efficacy) is related to auditor objectivity, and whether an auditor's negotiation self-efficacy has a greater impact on her objectivity when the auditor's accuracy motive (professional identity) is strong rather than weak. We tested the hypotheses using a cross-sectional survey design and obtained 146 responses from among 800 surveyed experienced Swedish auditors. The findings indicate that auditors with higher negotiation self-efficacy were more likely to make decisions on a material and discretionary accounting issue contrary to their clients’ desires compared to auditors with lower self-efficacy. The relationship between negotiation self-efficacy and auditor objectivity was not moderated by professional-identity strength. These research findings suggest that recruiting and training auditors to increase their negotiation self-efficacy may be an effective method to enhance auditor objectivity without the problems inherent in other methods, such as auditor rotation. Our sample was obtained in Sweden, which allows long auditor tenures. We caution that, although our analysis controlled for auditor tenure, the effect of auditor negotiation self-efficacy may not be generalizable to countries that limit tenure through regulation. 

  • 71.
    Sörensson, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Bogren, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Organizing an entrepreneurial learning programme: The role of people, process and place2019In: Industry & higher education, ISSN 0950-4222, E-ISSN 2043-6858Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research in entrepreneurship and learning has focused on education about, for and within enterprises. The purpose of this article is to analyse and discuss the importance of organizing for entrepreneurial learning. The research design included a case study of a newly established 1-year programme at a university in Sweden. Data were collected through participant observations and interviews with students, both in groups and individually. The study shows that organizing entrepreneurial learning involves a similar method to that used in entrepreneurial processes in companies with a focus on process, people and place. The contribution of the study is to confirm that Foley’s model with these three components is applicable in the context of entrepreneurial learning. The conclusion is that the process, the people and the place combined to create an environment for the students that was conducive to entrepreneurial learning. The people are the most important factor and should also be considered with regard to process and place. In order to establish a creative environment, organizers should consider the importance of students’ collaboration with stakeholders in the region, through which they can contribute to the development of the community. Students contribute to the local community through their interaction with it.

  • 72.
    Sörensson, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Bogren, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Cawthorn, Annika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Management and Mechanical Engineering.
    Lifestyle Entrepreneurs within Nature-Based Businesses in Sweden2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A growing number of research studies focuses on lifestyle entrepreneurs in the tourism industry. Lifestyle entrepreneurs often start their business due to the fact that they want to make business of their hobby or they want to create a certain quality of life by living in a specific place. Previous studies argue that lifestyle entrepreneurs are often motivated by non-economic goals. Nature based businesses includes traditional businesses like agriculture and forestry but also new emerging businesses that are based on nature‟s resources like tourism. In rural areas, these type of tourism business are the most important incomes and therefore also of high importance concerning business development. The aim is to explore the tourism entrepreneurs‟ point of view of their lifestyle and business within nature based businesses in rural areas. The study was conducted with a qualitative approach. 17 different cases was studied from autumn 2015 until autumn 2016. The cases consisted of micro tourism companies within nature based businesses situated in the rural county of Jämtland in Sweden. The data was collected through semistructured interviews, observations and written materials. The result from this study show that there is several difference between tourism lifestyle entrepreneurs in rural areas with nature based businesses. We have identified four types of tourism lifestyle entrepreneurs that have different motives for running their businesses. The results also show that depending on what kind of tourism entrepreneur they focus differently on their nature based businesses. Many of the lifestyle entrepreneurs are focusing on finding several different types of income to spread the risk and also obtain growth. We could also see that traditional entrepreneurs within nature based businesses prefer to focus on the main income which often was more traditional products and services rather than tourism. The tourism lifestyle entrepreneurs therefore seem to try more different types of businesses and appear more open minded to create and innovate new products and services.

  • 73.
    Sörensson, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Bogren, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Cawthorn, Annika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Management and Mechanical Engineering.
    Sustainability Information in Large-sized Companies in Europe: Does National Culture Matter?2019In: The International Journal of Sustainability in Economic, Social and Cultural Context, ISSN 2325-1115, E-ISSN 2325-114X, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 45-62Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on sustainability information in large-sized companies in Europe. The aim of this article is to examine sustainability information in large-sized companies in European countries and the effect that the different national cultures might have on how sustainability is informed. The theoretical frameworks used are stakeholder theory, legitimacy, accountability, and national culture. The study has a qualitative approach, and data were collected during the spring of 2017 from 100 companies in five European countries (Finland, France, Germany, the Netherlands, and Sweden). Data were collected from websites, written documents, and other secondary sources. The results show that there are both differences between companies within each country and between countries. Companies in different countries focus on different aspects of sustainability in their information. The theoretical contribution this study makes is a model that can be used as a tool when discussing sustainability among large-sized companies in Europe. Practical implications include new knowledge of national differences between large-sized companies in how they work with sustainability, which could be of use to companies trying to enter other European markets.

  • 74.
    Sörensson, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Bogren, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Cawthorn, Annika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Management and Mechanical Engineering.
    Tourism Entrepreneurs with Nature-Based Businesses in Sweden: The Role of the Lifestyle and the Place2019In: Athens Journal of Tourism, E-ISSN 2241-8148Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A growing amount of research focuses on lifestyle entrepreneurs in the tourism industry. Lifestyle entrepreneurs often go into business with the aim of making a hobby their income source or to create a certain quality of life in a specific place. Previous studies argue that lifestyle entrepreneurs are often motivated by noneconomic goals. Nature-based businesses include traditional businesses such as those in the agriculture and forestry industries as well as new emerging businesses that are based on nature’s resources such as tourism. In rural areas, these types of tourism businesses generate important income and are therefore of great importance from a business development perspective. The aim of this study is to explore how tourism entrepreneurs see their lifestyles and nature-based businesses in rural areas. The study was conducted using a qualitative approach. Seventeen different cases were studied between autumn 2015 and autumn 2016, all of which were nature-based businesses in the area of micro-tourism located in rural Sweden. Data were collected from semi-structured interviews, observations, and written material. The study’s results show that there are several differences between tourism-lifestyle entrepreneurs in rural areas with nature-based businesses. We have identified four types of tourismlifestyle entrepreneurs, each with different motives for running their businesses. The results also show that they focus differently on their nature-based businesses, depending on what kind of tourism entrepreneur they are. Many of the lifestyle entrepreneurs focus on developing several different types of income to reduce risk and obtain growth. Tourism-lifestyle entrepreneurs therefore seem to try different types of businesses and appear to be more open-minded and innovative where creating new products and services is concerned

  • 75.
    Sörensson, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Cawthorn, Annika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Bogren, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Sustainability Information Provided by Businesses in Sweden –         Differences between categories in nature-based industries?2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 76.
    Sörensson, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Schmudde, Ulrich
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Developing a Tourism Destination in the Shadow of a World Heritage National Park2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 77.
    Torp, Eivind
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    KRISTINA LABBA, Renskötselns interna organisering2019In: Svensk Juristtidning, ISSN 0039-6591, no 7Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 78.
    Viklander, Daniel
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Örnstedt, Fredrik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Risker och riskhantering i svenska små företag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Risks and risk management is a topic that has gained great importance today, not least because of the financial crisis. There are several studies on the field but unfortunately, there are far fewer studies on risk management that target smaller companies today, even though around 96 percent of Sweden's 1,2 million companies are in fact small companies. The purpose of this study is to describe how Swedish small companies deal with risks and to explain connections between variables such as size, age, line of business and internationalization. 

     

    To accomplish this, a quantitative method has been applied, with a deductive approach. A survey has been constructed and sent out to 867 small companies in Sweden whom were chosen out of a database (Retriever Business) with a systematic sampling. The survey consisted of 23 questions and the authors of this study received answers from 121 companies. The data that has been collected were processed and analysed in Microsoft Excel and SPSS. The statistically methods used are descriptive statistics and a binary logistics regressions test. 

     

    The results of this study are that statistically significant connections between importing companies and exchange risks, which provides support for what previous studies in the field have come up with. No significant correlations were found for importing/exporting companies and market risks, which is the contrariety of the results of previous studies in the field. Furthermore, no statistically significant correlations were found between market risks and IT-risks with various independent variables, which were some of the study’s hypothesis.

     

    The results and conclusions of this study could be used especially by smaller companies in risk assessments and such. This applies above all to companies that trade much internationally. Also, banks could find the results useful, since banks usually are very interested in how companies handle risks, for instance when a loan is to be given. Insurance companies could also find this study useful, as they could be interested in seeing how risks are managed and how risk aware their clients are. 

  • 79.
    Wall-Reinius, Sandra
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Introduktion till turism och svensk turismforskning2019In: Turismen och resandets utmaningar / [ed] Wall-Reinius, S. & Heldt Cassel, S., Svenska sällskapet för antropologi och geografi , 2019, p. 7-30Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 80.
    Wall-Reinius, Sandra
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Heldt Cassel, SusannaHögskolan Dalarna.
    Turismen och resandets utmaningar2019Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Turism är en betydande del av och drivkraft i den globaliserade ekonomin och konsumtionssamhället där den bidrar till social, ekonomisk och miljömässig förändring, såväl positiv som negativ. Under de senaste decennierna har inte bara turism och resande ökat världen över utan även forskarnas intresse för turismstudier har ökat markant. I Ymer 2019 presenteras svensk turismforskning som bedrivs av geografer och antropologer. De olika kapitlen exemplifierar hur turism kan utveckla och förändra platser, ekonomiskt, miljömässigt och socialt, i Sverige och genom svenska resenärers turistande utomlands. Genom de olika bidragen synliggörs möjligheter och utmaningar som turism ger upphov till och hur turism kan förstås som ett globalt och samtidigt lokalt fenomen.

  • 81.
    Wall-Reinius, Sandra
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Prince, Solene
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Dahlberg, Annika
    Stockholm University.
    Everyday life in a magnificent landscape: Making sense of the nature/culture dichotomy in the mountains of Jämtland, Sweden2019In: Environment and Planning E: Nature and Space, ISSN 2514-8486, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 3-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the nature/culture dichotomy has been extensively criticized by scholars, it remains pervasive to our conception of the world. Discourses of nature as a pristine milieu and of culture as a realm of human dominance not only impact cognition, but also the local practices of those involved daily in such contested areas. In this study of the mountainous area of the Jämtland County, Sweden, we report on the ways local stakeholders make sense of their surrounding landscape in the wake of its magnificent character as they go about their daily lives as residents, entrepreneurs and recreationists. We turn to the notion of dwelling to frame these narratives. This ultimately becomes an exploration of the contradictions and confusions within and between the discourses of conservation, management, recreation, authenticity and tourism development that affect how local stakeholders consciously and subconsciously cope with the tensions brought about by the nature/culture dichotomy. The findings are used to propose a critical, as well as constructive, notion of dwelling that stresses the importance of opening up to new possibilities and responsibilities during negotiations over protected areas.

  • 82.
    Yachin, Jonathan Moshe
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism. Dalarna University.
    The entrepreneur–opportunity nexus: discovering the forces that promote product innovations in rural micro-tourism firms2019In: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, E-ISSN 1502-2269, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 47-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate what sets in motion the process that results in product innovations in rural micro-tourism firms. The point of departure is to place entrepreneurship as a process that precedes innovations. This approach enables the application of the opportunity-based perspective, on the study of 40 new tourism products. Data were collected through in-depth interviews with owner-managers of micro-tourism firms in rural Sweden. The focus of the analysis is on the formation of the entrepreneur–opportunity nexus. The findings suggest that in forming the nexus, three types of forces are at play: internal, supply chain dynamics and reaction to changes. The notion of triggering forces adds a new dimension to the study of entrepreneurial opportunities. The theoretical contribution of this paper to tourism research is twofold. First, it points at the generating moment as a step towards theorising innovations, and second, the findings contribute to the growing knowledge base about entrepreneurial behaviour in micro-tourism firms in rural areas. Finally, in a practical manner, the findings of this study should encourage tourism entrepreneurs to invest in exploring the value chain, regard tourists as sources of knowledge and be attentive to changes in circumstances.

  • 83.
    Zetterberg, Malin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Ulander, Nina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Barnsjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att bedöma smärta hos barn i åldern 2-7 år2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The aim of the caregiver is to alleviate or prevent suffering. Children who are hospitalized are often subjected to unnecessary suffering. As a child nurse, one has an important role in the meeting with the child, where the child's perspective should always be in focus. Purpose: The purpose of the study was to highlight the nurses' experiences of assessing pain in children aged two to seven years. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 8 child nurses’ at a children's clinic in the north of Sweden. The material was analyzed with qualitative content analysis. Results: The result showed an increased need for education and clearer routines / guidelines. All child nurses were considered to use the clinical look in the assessment of the child's pain, however, there were few who estimated pain according to the pain estimation scale. Conclusion: More education is required about children and pain, and to what extent pain assessment instruments should be used

  • 84.
    Åkerberg, Annie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Ödman, Angelika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Under ytan:Vad företagen utlovar om hållbarhetsarbete och vad de gör i verkligheten2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stakeholders' demands for companies CSR are something that has become increasingly important. An increasing number of companies therefore choose to report on their social and environmental actions in order to meet society's demands and expectations. In recent years, it has also emerged how a CSR report of high quality can contribute to different benefits for the companies. Since there is no precise set of rules for the design of the CSR reports, this can affect the credibility of the report and the questioning of the companies' actual actions against society. The main purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between the companies' integrated CSR, the quality of CSR reports and the society responsibility. The underlying purpose was to analyze whether and, if so, how the relationships differ between European and American companies when it comes to the companies' integrated CSR, thequality of CSR reports and society responsibility. The study selection consisted of 666 multinational companies, of which 637 companies (326 European and 311 US companies) met the requirements for inclusion in the study's final selection. Hypotheses were tested in a correlation analysis, regression analysis, path analysis and a t2 test. The result shows that there is a positive significant correlation between integrated CSR and the quality of CSRreports, as well as a negative significant relationship between CSR reports' quality and society responsibility. This does not contribute to a sustainable society and should therefore be reviewed by companies and brought to the attention of the stakeholders for a social change to take place. The results also show that European companies have a more integrated CSR andhigher quality of CSR reports, while American companies have a higher society responsibility. This indicates that legislation can be a contributing factor to the differences between European and American companies.

  • 85.
    Åsberg, Benjamin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Det goda värdskapet: -Destination Östersund-2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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