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  • 401.
    Andrésen, Edith
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Lundberg, Helene
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Regional development and networking: top-down or bottom-up2007In: Proceedings of the 23nd IMP Conference, 30.8.-1.9., 2007, Manchester (CD-ROM), 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 402.
    Andrésen, Edith
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Lundberg, Helene
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Roxenhall, Tommy
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Designing for commitment in regional strategic networks2012In: Management Research Review, ISSN 2040-8269, E-ISSN 2040-8277, Vol. 35, no 6, p. 531-552Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to model the impact of structural factors and activities on commitment in a regional strategic network(RSN) context. Design/methodology/approach: A longitudinal case study examines two regional strategic networks acting in different business areas in mid Sweden. Findings: Competition-neutral, social, and personal goals were found to be powerful drivers promoting shared values andcommitment among competitors, whereas business-related goals worked well for complementary firms, providing a more stable basis for networkcommitment. In the RSN with a large number of members, sensitivity to absence was low, but it took longer for members to get to know one another, slowing commitment development. The RSN including members with complementary resources proved a more favorable setting than did the RSN including competitors, and frequent activities that favored social relationship development increased commitment. Research limitations/implications: This study identifies important factors influencing the development of commitment in network contexts, but is limited to two cases. The topic merits further research: other factors need consideration, and the factors discussed here should be evaluated in other contexts. Practical implications: The impact on network commitment of the factors discussed here needs to be considered by RSN initiators and hubs. Originality/value: Few studies treat commitment in RSN contexts. This paper addresses this deficit by identifying structural factors and activities that influence commitmentdevelopment. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

  • 403.
    Andrésen, Edith
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Lundberg, Helene
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Roxenhall, Tommy
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Managerial challanges in regional development initiatives - a road to commitment: IMP Asia 20072007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 404.
    Andrésen, Edith
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Roxenhall, Tommy
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Designing strategic networks2006In: The 22nd IMP-conference in Milan, Italy 2006, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 405.
    Andrésen, Edith
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Roxenhall, Tommy
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Lundberg, Helene
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Competence Development for Process Leaders in Networks2011In: Minor Communities and Natural and Cultural Heritage: an Asset or a Liability? / [ed] Damianakos, D., Ventura, P., Zavrides, N., Milano: McGraw-Hill, 2011Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 406. Anell, Birgitta
    et al.
    Berggren, Ann-Mari
    Herrlin, Katarina
    Sundberg, I
    Taube, Karin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Portfoliometoden2000In: Kom och läs: Lärarhandledning 2, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2000, p. 12-19Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 407.
    Anklew, Ellen
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Johansson, Malena
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Arbetet mot kvinnlig könsstympning - en fallstudie i Nyköpings kommun2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats var att utforska om och hur den nationella handlingsplanen mot kvinnlig könsstympning efterlevs inom socialtjänsten i Nyköpings kommun. Kommunen som studien avgränsats till valdes för att den hade en ökad invandring under 1990-talet från länder där ingreppet är omfattande. Studien har avgränsats till att undersöka en familjecentral, vuxen- och ungdomsenheten och barn och familj. Studien omfattar en fallstudie för att få ett kvalitativt resultat. Det som framkommit i studien är paradoxen att Nyköpings kommun genomför ett förebyggande arbete mot kvinnlig könsstympning men kommunen har föga kunskap om handlingsplanen. På grund av att en implementering inte har skett är de anställda omedvetna om arbetets relevans till den nationella handlingsplanen. Behovet av ett förebyggande arbete beträffande kvinnlig könsstympning har påträffats då individer i bostadsområdet Brandkärr bett om hjälp. Arbetet som utförs i kommunen mot kvinnlig könsstympning har sitt ankare i en person, därmed gör sig eldsjälsproblematiken gällande.

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  • 408.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences. Etour.
    Accessibility in a world of islands and islets: Knowledge of the Visitors and Second Home Owners in the Blekinge Archipelago, Sweden2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Swedish coastal areas the geography matters for tourism. Islands offer something special in comparison to massive land because one has to travel by boat or airplane to reach the destination. The detachment from the mainland gives an important physical and psychological aspect to the visit. However, accessibility is a crucial question in the archipelagos. Since the landscape consists of islands, it is necessary to either have access to a private boat or to public transportation. Physical accessibility refers to the ability of people to reach destinations, where the landscape together with infrastructure creates possibilities but also difficulties.

     

    The Swedish coastal areas and archipelagos attract many visitors, which create an interest in developing tourism and outdoor recreation. At the same time, these areas consist of valuable nature, culture and considerable bird and animal life. The Blekinge archipelago, Sweden, is a Candidate for becoming a biosphere reserve in the MAB-programme. Biosphere reserves are model areas with the purpose to conserve nature, biodiversity and culture. At the same time, the social and economic development through local support should be promoted. In a biosphere reserve, zoning is an important part but the inhomogeneous landscape of an archipelago makes zoning complicated. The sometimes unclear borders because of the geography and nature, the variation of accessibility, the possibility of different activities, the blurred boundaries of rural and urban living, and the mental perceptions of what an archipelago is, makes it complicated to plan and balance tourism and outdoor recreation with conservation.

     

    To understand if and how tourism and outdoor recreation are affected by zoning of a biosphere reserve, knowledge of the visitors and second homeowners is important. In relation to development of tourism and outdoor recreation, the challenge of applying zoning to a biosphere reserve in such a landscape an archipelago represents will be discussed in this study. Also, the purpose of this study is to analyse the visitors and second home owners’ views of accessibility in an archipelago. In the autumn of 2007, a questionnaire survey directed to visitors and second home owners in the Blekinge archipelago was conducted.

     

  • 409.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Friluftslivkonflikter i svenska kustlandskap ur ett planerings- och användarperspektiv: Studier av Luleå och Blekinge skärgårdar2019Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hav och kust har alltid varit viktiga för oss människor. I svenska kustlandskap har boende, infrastruktur och fiskenäring existerat sedan lång tid tillbaka samtidigt som områdena också varit viktiga för nöje och rekreation. Men mellan olika intressen, samt mellan och inom olika användargrupper samt förvaltning, kan det uppstå målkonflikter. Utgångspunkten för den här avhandlingen är att beskriva och analysera eventuella målkonflikter kopplat till friluftsliv utifrån både ett planerings- och ett användarperspektiv genom två fallstudier i Luleå och Blekinge skärgårdar. Friluftslivet är en del av samhället och dess relevans för fysisk och mental återhämtning ger planering och förvaltning av friluftsliv ett ökat politiskt stöd, samtidigt som tidigare forskning visat att friluftsliv är stark i retoriken - men svag i planeringspraktiken. Därför behövs kunskap som kan utveckla planering och förvaltning av friluftsliv i svenska kustlandskap.

    Resultaten från den här avhandlingen visar att användarnas perspektiv på målkonflikter i Luleå och Blekinge skärgårdar ännu inte till stora delar har inkluderats i den kommunala planeringen. En slutsats är alltså att det finns skillnader i hur konflikter i samband med friluftsliv beskrivs och identifieras i den fysiska planeringen jämfört med användarnas upplevelser. Det har betydelse för förståelsen av friluftlivskonflikter och hanteringen av dessa. Förutom analys och diskussion av konflikter kopplat till friluftsliv, ingår en fördjupande studie av buller och tystnad som konflikt. Upplevelserna av lugn och ro samt tystnad är centrala för användarna i Luleå och Blekinge skärgårdar. Ett problem som avslöjas är att metoder med decibelnivåer inte avgör skillnader i buller som upplevelse i sig. Upplevelsen av buller och tystnad är nämligen subjektiv. Även zonering undersöks som ett planerings- och förvaltningsverktyg för att hantera friluftslivkonflikter i svenska kustlandskap. Som denna avhandling visar, finns det flertalet exempel på olika sorters zonering i Luleå och Blekinge skärgårdar. När man i planering och förvaltning utgår från ett perspektiv där naturvård och bevarande är utgångspunkterna, så måste ytterligare värderingar och verktyg inbegripas som att inkludera användare med deras olika behov, upplevelser och aktiviteter som äger rum i skärgårdarnas landskap. Att landskapet i sig är av betydelse syns också i resultaten. I fallstudiernas översiktsplaner markeras det värdefulla, attraktiva och unika med skärgårdslandskapet, medan användarna betonar det äkta, naturliga och opåverkade landskapet som grund för deras friluftsupplevelser.

    Den här avhandlingen tillför kunskap om spänningen mellan olika attityder och synsätt i den fysiska planeringens processer, förvaltning samt friluftslivets användare i svenska kustlandskap. Avhandlingen är också ett tillägg till tidigare kunskap om zonering som ett sätt att hantera konflikter i svenska kustlandskap, där särskilt användarperspektivet är en viktig del. Avhandlingen bidrar även till en grundläggande översikt av fysisk planering i relation till friluftsliv.

  • 410.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Planning for Silence With Knowledge of the Visitors: A Case Study of the Luleå Archipelago, Sweden2009In: Coastal Tourism Development / [ed] Dowling, R & Pforr, C, New York: Cognizant Communication Corporation, 2009, 1Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 411.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Skiers versus snowmobilers: a loud conflict? A study of noise in the mountain region of Jämtland, Sweden2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    By Swedish authorities, noise is perceived as a management issue of growing importance. For example, the Swedish EPA has declared that the level of unwanted sounds is increasing while areas with natural sounds of quality are diminishing. This concerns several stakeholders (e.g. visitors) within outdoor recreation, who perceive the minimizing of noise of particular value. However, whether the visitors actually are experiencing noise, if they experience noise as a conflict, and what management tools are used to handle potential conflicts, remain to be examined more closely.

    In the present study, noise and natural quiet in the mountain region of Jämtland, Sweden are examined from a visitor perspective. Skiers and snowmobilers have been identified as twostakeholder groups of particular interest. Based upon a web-based questionnaire in spring 2015, their attitudes and experiences of noise, conflicts and activities are examined. Are there any conflicts between these two groups? What are their attitudes to handle noise conflicts? How do they experience and define natural quiet? The results may also be compared with an earlier study in southern Jämtland (Lindberg et al., 2001). To get a planning and management perspective, semi-structured qualitative interviews with various authorities in Jämtland are to be executed in spring and fall 2015. This study is part of a project in the research programme A magnificent mountain landscape for future generations financed by the Swedish EPA.

  • 412.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Snowmobiling and free riding in the Jämtland mountains, Sweden2018In: 9th International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitors in Recreational and Protected Areas (MMV9): Place, recreation and local development 28-31 August 2018, Bordeaux, France. Abstract book / [ed] Jeoffrey Dehez, 2018, p. 87-89Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This project investigates conflicts over land use in the context of the Jämtland mountain region, Sweden where tensions due to snowmobiling and free riding are increasing. The study takes a planning and management perspective.

    The study consists of a web based survey that generated responses from 862 snowmobilers in the region in 2015. Organizations and snowmobile clubs distributed the survey through social media. In 2015, twelve semi-structured interviews were carried out with fifteen representatives from the public sector and the tourism industry. Moreover in 2018, additional interviews will be conducted. The study is also based on information found on webpages and in local media.

    There has been a new development of snowmobile activities for planning and management to handle in the Swedish mountains, not least in terms of conflicts but also because of security issues e.g. avalanches. One can get a deeper understanding of the conflicts and the reasons behind them. Nevertheless, more knowledge is needed about the different strategies of planners, managers and other stakeholders as well about the users and the underlying social motives behind their attitudes and activities. To handle conflicts related to snowmobiling and free riding will require continued dialogue, negotiation and further research.

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    Snowmobiling and free riding in the Jämtland mountains, Sweden
  • 413.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Terrängkörningens påverkan på friluftsliv: En litteraturstudie av motoriserade aktiviteter kopplat till friluftsliv2019Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här litteraturstudien är att ur ett nationellt - men även internationellt - perspektiv kartlägga vad som tidigare studerats gällande terrängkörningens påverkan på friluftsliv. Detta gäller de friluftslivsutövare som använder terrängfordon samt andra friluftsutövare. Främst beskrivs studier om snöskoteråkning, även om studier om andra motordrivna terrängfordon inkluderas. Litteraturstudien omfattar både positiva och negativa aspekter.

     

    Denna litteraturstudie - av Rosemarie Ankre vid Mittuniversitetet/ETOUR - har finansierats av Naturvårdsverket och genomfördes som en del i myndighetens regeringsuppdrag att göra en sammantagen analys för terrängkörningens påverkan på djur, natur och friluftsliv. Detta är kopplat till regeringens utredning av Terrängkörningslagen 2019.

     

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  • 414.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The importance of visitors : attitudes and activities: A study of Luleå archipelago2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Turismen i kustlandskap växer fortare än någon annan turismbransch i världen. Den svenska fysiska planeringen har fokuserat på att bevara natur och kultur från att bli exploaterade eftersom kust och skärgård består av känsliga natur- och kulturområden. Turism ska inte skada miljön, men det ska även vara klart att en förstörd natur drabbar besöksnäringen. Turismen är beroende av landskapet för att kunna förbättras och bestå. Planering är en viktig länk mellan turismutveckling och fysisk miljö. Planering som inbegriper geografisk zonering av en turistdestination, leder till att olika sorters landanvändning delas upp. En effektiv planering av ett kustområde kräver kunskap om besökarna och deras attityder eftersom det kan finnas skillnader mellan vad besökarna önskar och den faktiska planeringsstrategin. Utifrån kunskap om besökarna och deras upplevelser samt geografiska spridning i kustområdet, kan olika planeringsmetoder vara ytterligare ett hjälpmedel i turismutveckling för att kommunernas planering ska bli verkningsfull samt för att minska konflikter mellan olika användargrupper. Syftet med rapporten är att kartlägga besökarnas aktiviteter och upplevelser i Luleå skärgård, att fastställa var i området de befann sig under besöket och analysera hur sådan information kan vara användbar i kommunens planering för hållbar turismutveckling. Dessutom diskuteras olika planeringsmetoder (som zonering) i samband med bevarande, turismutveckling och mark- och vattenanvändning i kustlandskap. Avslutningsvis har enkätundersökningen tagit reda på besökarnas åsikter om zonering och restriktioner samt undersökt deras allmänna åsikter om svenska kustlandskap. I samband med detta analyseras även besökarnas uppfattningar om framtida utvecklingar av turism och om områdets mark- och vattenanvändning, som exempelvis vindkraft. Rapporten är på engelska och publicering av undersökningen i Luleå skärgård kommer att ske i ETOUR�s publikationsserie.

  • 415.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Tourism in the Archipelago of Luleå in Northern Sweden2003Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    As traditional land use such as agriculture and fishing, has diminished in coastal areas, tourism is considered as a lucrative industry. This paper is an introduction of the research project Planning strategies and tourism development in a coastal area. A study of the archipelago of Luleå. The project’s aim is to study the planning of the area for a sustainable tourism development. Except for a description of the PhD project, this paper will account for a questionnaire that will be conducted in the autumn of 2003. The questionnaire will be addressed to people visiting the archipelago of Luleå in the summer of 2003, during the period May-September. Since planning strategies are connected with tourists’ activities and their desire for experiences, the questionnaire’s main purpose is to investigate the tourists’ characteristics, activities, motives for visiting, valuations and their connection to the area. The future results of the questionnaire will be put in relation to the archipelago’s tourism development and planning strategies for sustainable tourism.

     

  • 416.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    “Tourism, not toursim!” Teaching the art of reading and writing at university level2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The language is central to all learning in higher education, such as analytical independence, critical thinking and theoretical understanding. Many university students no longer master the language tools required, according to numerous representatives of the university world. The issue of students’ knowledge of the Swedish language is a topic of discussion on the higher education agenda. Apart from poor spelling and grammar, students’ problems with analyses and deeper understanding are worrying. However, more support in scientific thinking and writing in education may help to overcome language problems. Another important issue for language development is reading skills – for both studies and/or pleasure. To integrate academic writing and exercises in all teaching at the undergraduate level is undeniably one means for improvement. University studies include important social and academic codes that might be difficult to understand, especially for students from non-academic homes. By developing reading and writing skills, students will also overcome different barriers.

    In the bachelor programme: Tourism and destination development, at Mid Sweden University, the students’ academic writing and reading is of particular interest. In this paper, the possibilities of improvements of the students’ academic writing with concrete examples from our tourism programme is discussed, but also highlight the challenges teachers face and the need of central support from the university. Using concrete examples (e.g. examinations and exercises), the discussion will further expand on issues regarding the language’s significance for the individual and society.

  • 417.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Turskidåkare vs. snöskoteråkare: en högljudd konflikt? En studie om buller och tystnad i Jämtlandsfjällen2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 418.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Understanding the visitor: A prerequisite for coastal zone planning2007Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Planning for tourism and outdoor recreation in coastal areas could be improved with knowledge of visitors´ attitudes, experiences, activities and geographical dispersion. The purpose of this thesis is to examine the knowledge of visitors in planning for tourism and outdoor recreation. The Luleå archipelago in Northern Sweden was used as a case study.

  • 419.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Visitor Activities and Attitudes in Coastal Areas: A case study of the Luleå archipelago, Sweden2005Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Out from a questionnaire survey to visitors who stayed in the Luleå archipelago, Sweden during the summer 2003, the purpose of this paper is to examine the visitors� activities, attitudes and experiences together with their geographical dispersion in this coastal area. Furthermore, the paper investigates if the visitors have recognised any changes in the Luleå archipelago and if these are viewed negatively or positively. The survey in the Luleå archipelago will also analyse different aspects of possible conflicts between tourism and other land use in the area. Finally, the visitors� attitudes to Swedish coastal areas in general will be studied according to the purism scale which segments the visitors after their behaviour and attitudes. It is the first time the method of the purism scale (where the questions have been especially adjusted to coastal areas) will be included in a study of Swedish coastal areas.By gathering information about visitors, it becomes less problematic to combine sensitive nature and culture with a sustainable tourism development. E.g. islands that are visited frequently and which have sensitive vegetation could undergo great wear on the natural surroundings if the attendance rate gets too high (Luleå municipality, 2000). Therefore information about visitors is important and should be applied in land-use planning. The municipalities need information such as statistics of the visitors´ attitudes and their geographical dispersion to make progress in their planning and to diminish conflicts between different user groups. Which group of visitors does the municipality want to attract by its tourism development? An effective planning of a coastal area requires good and reliable knowledge about the visitors and their attitudes since there could be differences between what the visitors demand and the actual planning strategy.

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  • 420.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Emmelin, Lars
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Zoning and opportunity Spectrum Planning in a Discontinuous Environment: Planning for Tourism and Outdoor Recreation in the Luleå Archipelago, Sweden2006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Zoning is generally used as a planning instrument to handle land use conflicts. In recreation planning in Sweden, zoning systems such as the recreation opportunity spectrum model has been applied in mountain areas. An underlying assumption of the ROS-system is a gradient from the urban to wilderness allowing the planner to provide a spectrum of recreation opportunities. In contrast, the Swedish coastal areas consist of a discontinuous environment which challenges a zoning. Archipelagos are essentially discontinuous with respect to many of the important spatial variables. Zoning in the archipelagos in Sweden has so far followed a zoning logic from physical geography; the assumption being that the gradient from inner, wooded zones to outer treeless would also be a gradient from the more urban or human influenced cultural landscape to a more pristine, �marine wilderness� in the outer. In 2003, a questionnaire survey to visitors was conducted in the Luleå archipelago, Sweden. Based on the results, the study examines the spatialization of the visitor characteristics, the activity patterns etc in relation to the ongoing planning of the area. This paper explores the planning challenges in adapting zoning to cope with recreation and tourism development as well as with the other land and resources uses that municipal comprehensive planning is charged with. Thereby possible conflicts are identified, and the potential of zoning is explored.

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  • 421.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Fredman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Lindhagen, Anders
    SLU Uppsala.
    Att mäta friluftsliv2014In: Friluftsliv i Förändring: Studier från svenska upplevelselandskap / [ed] Peter Fredman, Marie Stenseke och Klas Sandell, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2014, 1, p. 102-118Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 422.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Fredman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Lindhagen, Anders
    SLU .
    Att mäta friluftsliv – Erfarenheter från besöksräkningar och besökarstudier2013In: Friluftsliv i förändring. Resultat från ett forskningsprogram. Slutrapport, Stockholm: Naturvårdsverket, 2013, p. 97-114Chapter in book (Other academic)
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    fulltext
  • 423.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Fredman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Lindhagen, Anders
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SPM Box 7008, Vallvägen 9A, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Managers' experiences of visitor monitoring in Swedish outdoor recreational areas2016In: Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism Research Planning and Management, ISSN 2213-0780, Vol. 14, p. 35-40Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Systematically collected information on outdoor recreation participation, motives and behaviors can improve recreation opportunities and reduce the risk of user conflicts. There are many uses of this type of information for managers of recreational areas including analyses of environmental, social and economic impacts, development of infrastructure, and marketing to appropriate audiences. One key component in building this knowledge is the application of visitor monitoring. This study takes an exploratory approach by analyzing managers' experiences on different on-site monitoring methods at 12 recreational areas in Sweden. Results show that knowledge of these methods and their use are strongly linked to individual managers' skills and competence. Contemporary changes in recreation behavior calls for more innovative monitoring approaches, but managers included in this study primarily work with rather traditional methods, which is likely representative of the overall situation in Sweden. Networking, educational programs and closer collaborations with universities could facilitate some of the challenges identified.

    Management implications

    ● The study showed the relevance of improved visitor monitoring practices, and tailor-made monitoring guidelines, based on actual use and experience-based data.

    ● Adequate visitor monitoring practices:- help to better incorporate recreation activities and values in natural resource management decisions,

    ● increase the awareness of possible conflicts between recreational and other resource users,

    ● show the possible need for increased management capacity, additional training or new ways of visitor management and provide a better foundation for decision making.

  • 424.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Fredman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Lindhagen, Anders
    SLU.
    Visitor monitoring from a manager perspective - Experiences from Sweden2012In: 6th International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitors in Recreational and Protected Areas: Outdoor Recreation in Change - Current Knowledge and Future Challenges Stockholm, Sweden, August 21-24, 2012 / [ed] Peter Fredman, Marie Stenseke, Hanna Liljendahl, Anders Mossing and Daniel Laven, 2012, p. 26-27Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 425.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Ioannides, Dimitri
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Kronenberg, Kai
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Opportunities and Challenges for Accessibility to Outdoor Recreation in an Urban Environment: A Case Study of Östersund, Sweden2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Practically all Swedes enjoy being out in nature and engaging in outdoor recreation activities. An important reason behind this is that they benefit from the Swedish Public Right of Access (Allemansrätten). Outdoor recreation is highlighted as a major contributor to good health, leads to a higher level of understanding of nature in an urban society, and can function as a means of integration and sustainable development. However, society and our constant search for new experiences are changing as does the practice of outdoor recreation.

    It is of interest to identify how different users participate in outdoor recreation and use nature. Previous studies show that outdoor recreation often is conducted close to where we live. Planning and management, along with information, are vital components leading to the accessibility and development of outdoor recreation. Accessibility for outdoor recreation relate to both physical and socio-economic conditions. Today, outdoor recreation for urban dwellers is highly dependent on access to natural areas close to cities, yet open spaces are increasingly under threat due to urban growth and development density. The Public Right of Access places new demands on future planning and management, for example in order to prevent conflicts with private landowners as there may be increased pressure on specific natural areas.

    The above issues are analyzed from the results of an online survey conducted in autumn 2016. The survey was sent to 3,000 randomly selected residents in Östersund, Sweden (response rate 32%). Additionally, municipal planning documents are examined. The results show that the respondents do not consider that access to nature is constrained. Rather they feel they lack the time to make full use of this accessibility. They also express a need for more information about nature areas. The results also show that those with higher education and higher income value outdoor recreation higher, but that they also have less time.

  • 426.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Kronenberg, Kai
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Buller och tystnad i Jämtlandsfjällen: Upplevelser av intressemotsättningar bland turskidåkare och snöskoteråkare2015Report (Other academic)
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  • 427.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Kronenberg, Kai
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Ioannides, Dimitri
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Möjligheter och utmaningar för tillgänglighet till friluftsliv och naturupplevelser: En fallstudie om Östersunds kommun2017Report (Other academic)
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  • 428.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Nilsson, Per-Åke
    Hólar University College, Iceland.
    Remote yet Close: The Question of Accessibility in the Faroe Islands2015In: Archipelago Tourism: Policies and Practices / [ed] Godfrey Baldacchino, Ashgate, 2015, 1, p. 137-146Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 429.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Nilsson, Per-Åke
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The Luleå Archipelago, Sweden2006In: Extreme tourism: lessons from the world's cold water islands, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2006, p. 145-147Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 430.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Petersson Forsberg, Lena
    Förtätning och gröna kilar - konsekvenser för friluftslivet2019In: Samhällsplaneringens teori och praktik / [ed] Gunnel Forsberg, Stockholm: Liber, 2019, 1, p. 197-206Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 431.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Petersson Forsberg, Lena
    Blekinge Tekn. Högskola.
    Emmelin, Lars
    Blekinge Tekn. Högskola.
    Silence – an article of short supply in outdoor recreation?Handling noise conflicts in Swedish planning2008In: Management for protection and sustainable development. The Fourth International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitors Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas.: Montecatini Terme, Italy 14-19 October 2008 Proceedings, 2008, p. 399-403Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Outdoor recreation areas are exposed to several causes of conflict. Many interests, along with different types of recreation activities, are competing in the same area. In these areas, conflicts are handled by spatial planning and by the separation in space of different functions. One source of conflict is noise. The lack of noise-free areas in the Swedish coastal areas has become an amenity problem. Does this make noise an important problem to consider in planning?

     

    An assumption is that the sound environment is relevant for the visitors’ experience; spending time in nature is associated with peace and quiet, where one should not be disturbed. In this study, it will be investigated how silence and noise actually are considered in the Swedish municipal planning. “Silence” is one of the amenity categories reported in the Swedish tourism data base. Is there a discrepancy between the existing municipal planning and the visitors’ opinions, attitudes and experiences?

     

    Furthermore, there will be an analysis of how silence and noise could be handled in spatial planning. One possible method is zoning. By excluding certain outdoor recreation activities from some areas, zoning may handle, or at least reduce, the problem of conflicts. The biosphere reserve concept (where zoning is an important part) will for that reason be discussed as a potential tool. A case study of the Blekinge archipelago, Sweden is the foundation of the study, which data consist of planning documents and questionnaire surveys considering outdoor recreation and nature tourism.

  • 432.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Wall Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Methodological Perspectives: The Application of Self-Registration Cards in the Swedish Coasts and Mountains2010In: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, E-ISSN 1502-2269, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 74-80Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 433.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Wall-Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Accessibility and inclusive nature for everyone? A case study of outdoor recreation in Östersund, Sweden2019In: 28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research. 23 to 25 October 2019. Roskilde University, Denmark, 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, outdoor recreation is well established and traditionally considered to create good health with positive effects on physical and mental health (Fredman et al., 2014). The interests of outdoor recreation is hence part of the whole Swedish society, for example, in the government bill the Future Outdoor Recreation (2009/10: 238) it is described that the conditions for a so-called "good outdoor recreation" can be created by the State through spatial planning, accessibility, information and protected nature areas. However, accessibility for outdoor recreation relate to both physical, mental and socio-economic conditions (Emmelin et al., 2010). In Östersund municipality in northern Sweden, it is an on-going work to introduce more health-promoting activities as well as measures and rehabilitation for people with injuries and disabilities. Östersund municipality has developed a "Program for outdoor recreation" with the aim to create accessible outdoor recreation for all its residents. Previous studies have shown that lack of accessibility limits participation in tourism and outdoor activities for people with disabilities and destinations do little to identify and accommodate the specific demands and preferences of people with disabilities. Studies also show that planners are asking for more local investigations as to where, how and why outdoor recreation is practiced (see e.g. Petersson Forsberg, 2012; Ankre, 2019).

     

    The presentation will focus on a newly started project with the aim to increase knowledge of some of the challenges in Östersund regarding accessibility, lifestyle and physical activities. In addition, how accessibility and social inclusion can be further supported and developed in the local community are of interest. The project includes a mapping of accessible nature areas within the municipality, an investigation of needs and wishes among citizens with disabilities, and interviews with public and private stakeholders on their view on how to increase participation in outdoor activities. Preliminary results from focus group interviews and fieldwork will be presented. The focus group contains a before-during-and-after perspective. Firstly, the group meets indoors (to talk about, for example previous experiences and the importance of accurate information about the sites), followed by an excursion to a nature area in Östersund municipality, and finally a follow-up group meeting indoors. Of interest are how people with disabilities experience visits to different nature areas in the Östersund municipality, what kinds of obstacles there are when visiting nature areas, and how these areas may be improved.

     

    Accessibility also relates to the on-going densification in urban areas as a prevailing planning ideology. There is a general notion that there is so much green and that outdoor recreation can take place “elsewhere”. Even if this may be true, it can also lead to the exploitation of accessible urban and urban-close nature that is important for people’s everyday recreation. What kind of outdoor recreation one is practicing in Östersund and where and why was examined in the autumn of 2016 in a web survey directed at 3,000 randomly selected local residents. The results with a critical discussion of accessibility have recently been published (Ankre & Petersson Forsberg, 2019) which will create additional material in this study. We will also end with a discussion on ethical and methodological considerations.

     

    References

    Ankre, R. (2019). Friluftslivkonflikter i svenska kustlandskap ur ett planerings- och användarperspektiv. Studier av Luleå och Blekinge skärgårdar. Doctoral thesis. Karlskrona, Blekinge Institute of Technology.

    Ankre, R. & Petersson Forsberg, L. (2019). Förtätning och gröna kilar - konsekvenser för friluftslivet in Samhällsplaneringens teori och praktik. Stockholm, Liber. pp. 197-206.

    Emmelin, L., Fredman, P., Lisberg Jensen, E. & Sandell, K. (2010). Planera för friluftsliv. Natur, Samhälle, Upplevelser. Stockholm, Carlsson Bokförlag.

    Fredman, P., Sandell, K., Stenseke, M. & Emmelin, L. (2014). Friluftsliv i förändring. Studier från svenska upplevelselandskap. Editors P. Fredman, M. Stenseke and K. Sandell. Stockholm, Carlsson Bokförlag.

    Government Bill [Regeringens proposition] 2009/10:238. The Future Outdoor Recreation [Framtidens friluftsliv]. Stockholm, Ministry of the Environment.

    Petersson Forsberg, L. (2012). Friluftsliv och naturturism i kommunal fysisk planering. Doctoral thesis. Karlskrona, Blekinge Institute of Technology.

  • 434.
    Ankre, Rosmarie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Methodological Challenges in Nature-based Tourism Surveys – the Use of Self-registration Cards in Swedish Mountain Areas2014In: Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitors in Recreational and Protected Areas (MMV): Local Community and Outdoor Recreation, August 20 - 23, 2014 Tallinn, Estonia / [ed] Mart Reimann, Kalev Sepp, Erkki Pärna, Reeda Tuula, Tallinn, 2014, p. 193-194Conference paper (Refereed)
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  • 435.
    Ankre, Rosmarie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Zoning in a future coastal biosphere reserve: Planning for tourism and outdoor recreation in the Blekinge archipelago, Sweden2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Doktoranden Rosemarie Ankre analyserar i denna studie zonering av biosfärområden i kustlandskap utifrån undersökningar i Blekinge skärgård.Området består av värdefulla natur- och kulturmiljöer och har tills relativt nyligen varit stängd för allmänheten pga. militära skäl. Nu är skärgården intressant för framtida turismutveckling samtidigt som ett bevarande av området är nödvändigt.

     

    I denna studie analyseras biosfärområdeskonceptet och dess zonering med en jämförelse av planeringsverktyget Recreation Opportunity Spectrum (ROS). Zoneringen av svenska biosfärområden upplevs som icke-funktionell och behöver vidareutvecklas, där bland annat kunskap om besökare bör vara en del enligt Ankre. Under sommaren 2007 genomfördes en enkätstudie riktad till besökare och fritidshusägare i skärgården. Resultaten åskådliggör besökarnas geografiska spridning, aktiviteter, attityder inför framtida utveckling av området, samt åsikter om konflikter. Resultaten visade att upplevda konflikter exempelvis gällde avloppsfrågor, fritidshus och buller. Även representanter för kommunerna Karlskrona, Karlshamn och Ronneby samt Blekinge länsstyrelse har intervjuats för att få en sammanfattning av deras attityder och förhoppningar inför ett eventuellt biosfärområde.

     

     

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  • 436. Anna Maria, Jönsson
    et al.
    Strömbäck, Jesper
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    TV-journalistik i konkurrensens tid. Nyhets- och samhällsprogram i svensk TV 1990-20042007Book (Other academic)
  • 437.
    Anna-Karin, Ljungström
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Investigating   the relationship between emotion recognition accuracy (ERA) and empathic   accuracy (EA)2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 438.
    Annas, Katja
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Håkansson, Per Ranil
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Röster från långtidsarbetslösa: en kvalitativ studie av unga vuxnas upplevelser och hantering kring sin livssituation2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under vårterminen 2014 har vi arbetat kontinuerligt med ämnet långtidsarbetslösa unga vuxna. Detta forskningsområde är en aktuell debatterad fråga i dagens samhälle, och har varit intressant som fenomen att undersöka.

    Härmed vill vi tacka och rikta vår uppskattning till er som har bistått oss under studiens gång och gjort det möjligt för oss att genomföra samt färdigställa denna kandidatuppsats.

    Ett stort tack till Arbetsförmedlingen i Trollhättan, som stod för ett varmt mottagande och ett gott samarbete. Vi vill här särskilt rikta ett stort Tack till samtliga intervjudeltagare som så fint ställt upp och berätta om deras personliga erfarenheter gällande långtidsarbetslöshet. Vi anser att utan er hjälp, hade inte denna uppsats blivit av.

    Sist, men inte minst, ett varmt tack till vår handledare Yngve Mohlin, för hans positiva inställning och inspiration, samt för all konstruktiv kritik och pedagogiskt vägledande under hela processen.

    Vi har noggrant övervägt för- och nackdelar med att skriva denna studie tillsammans. Det framkom att vi tänker lika varandra, utifrån att båda vill ha en hållbar struktur och en given framförhållning. De olika delarna har gemensamt utarbetats och korrigerats. Studiens intervjuer delades dock upp mellan oss och transkriberades av den motsatta kollegan, för att kunna ta del av informationen i respektive intervjuer. Vi satte upp delmål innehållande slutdatum för att kunna få bra flyt i skriv- och materialinsamlandet. Vår utgångspunkt har varit att vi sätter oss ned och utför samtliga delar tillsammans, då vi har diskuterat och sammanställt materialet till en helhet. Vi känner också att det totala arbetet har varit ömsesidigt och där båda har tagit ansvar för samtliga moment i studien.

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  • 439.
    Anner, Emelie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Wulff, Viktoria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Anorexia nervosa – Beskrivna erfarenheter av sjukdomen2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Man har genom forskning inte kunnat dra någon generell slutsats angående orsaksfaktorer bakom anorexia nervosa. Alla drabbade har egna erfarenheter och tankar om varför just hon eller han blivit sjuk. Vårt syfte var att i möjligaste mån återspegla de i studien utvalda kvinnornas beskrivningar av tankar och erfarenheter kring sitt sjukdomsförlopp, utifrån familjeförhållanden och individuella faktorer. Vi ville veta vad de ansåg vara orsaken till just deras insjuknande, men också vad som var anledningen till att de slutligen bestämde sig för att bli friska. Detta syfte ledde oss till frågeställningar som: Hur kan familjen påverka ett insjuknande i anorexia nervosa? Vilka individuella faktorer kan influera? Vad ansåg de vara vändpunkten för sitt tillfrisknande? För att få en så tydlig bild som möjligt av kvinnornas tankar och erfarenheter behövde vi se en helhet, varför vi valde att göra en kvalitativ studie med djupintervjuer. I arbetet framförs tidigare forskning om familjeförhållanden och individuella faktorer som kan ha en inverkan på insjuknandet, samt om vändpunktsprocesser. Vår granskning gick ut på att tolka kvinnornas berättelser i jämförelser med den forskning vi använt oss av. I vårt resultat framkommer att berättelserna till viss del liknar varandra, och att vissa jämförelser kan ses med forskningen, men att erfarenheterna trots allt är unika och därmed skiljer sig för de fyra kvinnorna.

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  • 440.
    Annetorp, Hannes
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Chamaly, Daniel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Universitetets påverkan på en regions attraktionskraft2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 441.
    Anrep, Carl
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Education.
    Genus, IT och Skolan: En studie om relationen mellan genus och informationsteknologi på ett svenskt gymnasium2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 442.
    Anteskog Holmgren, Sara
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    FJÄLLETS KÄNSLOMÄSSIGA OCH SYMBOLISKA BETYDELSE FÖR DET SAMISKA FOLKET2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kulturer bestäms och formas av de symboler de använder och vördar och en människas identitet formas delvis av att hon initieras i en kulturs specifika symbolsystem. Symbolerna vänder sig till både våra intellekt, känslor samt våra andliga liv. Genom att använda Pietikainens modifiering av Jungs teori kring arketyper till att förstås som symboliska former så kan ett beskrivande värde uppnås gällande att närma sig människans mentala processer. Uppsatsens syfte är att visa exempel som illustrerar och kan öka förståelsen för vilken symbolisk och känslomässig betydelse fjället har för det samiska folket, i det här fallet representerat av fem personer med samiskt ursprung.   Utifrån ett hermeneutiskt perspektiv har intervjuer gjorts och 17 teman utkristalliserats varav fyra visat sig vara framträdande. Fjällets känslomässiga och symboliska betydelse verkar främst vara kulturellt betingat och fungerar som ett gemensamt minne i den samiska kulturen, utvecklat över generationer. Ett minne som tillskriver fjället starka personifierade egenskaper.

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  • 443.
    Anttila, Sten
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Socialvetenskap och argumentationsanalys: mot en integrering av skilda metodologiska perspektiv1995Report (Other academic)
  • 444.
    Anttila, Sten
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Anttila, Nina
    Nätverksanalys vid explorativa studier av socialt arbete: en metodologisk illustration1995In: Samhällets väv: En antologi om samhällsvetenskap och nätverk / [ed] Klas Borell, Roine Johansson, Östersund: Mitthögskolan , 1995, p. 172-192Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 445.
    Anttila, Sten
    et al.
    SBU.
    Barnett, Tony
    Benjaminsen, Lars
    SFI, Danmark.
    Blid, Mats
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Brolund, Agneta
    SBU.
    Brännström, Lars
    Jung, Siri
    Marsh, Kevin
    Reilly, Siobhan
    Housing programs and case management for reducing homelessness and increasing residential stability for homeless peopleManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Article 25) states that everyone has a right to housing. Yet according to the UNHCR there are approximately 100 million homeless people worldwide. Homelessness has many negative detrimental consequences on an individual as well as on a societal level. The condition of homeless seriously affects well-being and health in general and may contribute to mental illness in particular. Once homeless, people tend to be deprived of economic, social and psychological resources that are necessary in order to get a new accommodation. If this happens the resources of some clients may be too poor and few to prevent future evictions.

    Case management is a collaborative process, including assessment, planning, facilitation and advocacy for options and services, intended to make sure that the client’s needs are met. Intensive case management, including assertive community treatment, is intended to ensure that the client receives sufficient services, support and treatment when and where it is needed. In this way intensive case management (case load <1:15, 24-7 availability, and the combined competence of a multidisciplinary team), may help homeless people to obtain accommodation, and once housed avoid eviction.

    Housing programs are more or less based on housing philosophies. According to one philosophy stable and independent housing is needed for the client to become treatment ready. Housing should neither be contingent on sobriety nor on treatment compliance, but only on rules that apply for ordinary tenants. In other words housing is parallel to and not integrated with treatment, or with other services. An alternative philosophy is based on the assumption that some clients (possibly those with a bio-chemical dependence on drugs) may need a transitional period of sobriety and treatment compliance, before they can live independently in their own apartments. Without this transitional phase the assumption is that they will soon face eviction, and return to homelessness. According to this philosophy housing is integrated with treatment. By combining housing and case management within the framework of a comprehensive program, the work to find accommodation and to prevent eviction is assumed to be facilitated.

    The objective was to assess the effectiveness of 9 possible combinations of housing programs and case management as means to increase residential stability and reduce homelessness. The possible combinations were based on three housing alternatives and three case management alternatives which entails 36 possible comparisons:

    • Housing parallel to treatment, housing integrated with treatment, and no housing
    • Intensive of case management (ICM and ACT), ordinary case management, and no case management.

    Electronic databases were searched by means of terms referring to population, intervention, and design (Campbell Library, Cochrane Library (including CENTRAL), PubMed, PsycINFO, Sociological Abstracts, Social Services Abstracts, ASSIA, CINAHL, ERIC, and Dissertation Abstracts International). Reference lists were hand searched, and international experts were contacted. 

    For a study to be included the following criteria had to be met:

    • Population: homeless or at risk of becoming homeless
    • Intervention: housing programs with case management, housing programs without case management, or case management without a housing program
    • Comparison: any of the alternative interventions above, plus usual care, waiting lists, or no intervention
    • Outcome: residential stability or homelessness
    • Design: randomized controlled trials or observational studies (with comparison groups matched at baseline or on propensity scores)

    Pairs of reviewers independently screened abstracts, and read full text documents. Data was extracted and coded by two reviewers. Two reviewers also assessed risks of bias for each study and their outcomes. In several cases data had to be recalculated in order to fit the format necessary for meta-analysis based on Review Manager.

    After screening 1, 764 abstracts and assessing 276 documents in full text, 32 unique studies were included (26 randomized controlled trials and 6 observational studies) in this review. All studies were from the USA except three, which were undertaken in the UK (two randomized controlled trials and one observational study). The number of included studies is thus relatively high, but the body of evidence is poor, as most studies are characterized by high risk of aggregated bias (11 studies) or moderate risk of aggregated bias (15 studies and 19 comparisons). Only 6 studies were classified as having low aggregated risk of bias. In addition, most studies are rather old. The median publication year is 1998. There are 16 studies published between 2000 and 2010 (11 randomized trials and five observational studies). Since 2005 only five included studies were published (three randomized trials and two observational studies). The results can be summarized in seven points:

    a)     Housing parallel to treatment is not superior to housing integrated with treatment or vice versa.

    b)     Empirical results indicate that parallel housing as such is superior to no housing.

    c)     There is not sufficient evidence to conclude that integrated housing as such is superior to no housing.

    d)     Empirical results indicate that intensive case management as such (ACT and ICM) is superior to usual care (such as drop in centers, outpatient treatment, ordinary after care, etc.).

    e)     Empirical results indicate that parallel housing in combination with intensive case management (ACT and ICM) is superior to usual care (such as drop in centers, outpatient treatment, ordinary after care, etc.).

    f)There is not sufficient evidence to conclude that integrated housing in combination with intensive case management (ACT and ICM) is superior to usual care (such as drop in centers, outpatient treatment, ordinary after care, etc.) 

    Conclusion: 

    Parallel housing, in combination with intensive case management (ICM and ACT), improves housing outcomes in comparison to usual care (outpatient treatment, drop in centers, ordinary after care, brokered case management, etc.). Intensive case management as well as housing contributes to this effect. However, evidence is not decisive when parallel housing is compared to integrated housing. Empirical results are highly contradictory. Studies focusing on specific subgroups such as women and persons with severe substance abuse problems are required.

  • 446. Anttila, Sten
    et al.
    Vikman, Per-ÅkeMid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Physics and Mathematics.
    Forskning och förvaltning för hållbar utveckling i landets fjällområden: rapport från 1998 års Fjällforskningskonferens1998Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapport från 1998 års fjällforskningskonferens

  • 447.
    Apelgren, Ulrika
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Education.
    Hedberg, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Education.
    Utan kontext blir språket komplext: – speciallärares/specialpedagogers arbete med barn som har en språkstörning2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien har varit att undersöka hur speciallärare och/ eller specialpedagoger arbetar metodiskt med att stötta och stimulera barn som är språksvaga. Vi har genomfört sju observationer och fyra intervjuer utifrån en kvalitativ undersökningsmetod, med syftet att få en så tydlig inblick som möjligt i speciallärarens yrkesroll. Uppsatsens analysdel har delats in i fem rubriker: Det förebyggande arbetet, Speciallärarens arbete och didaktiska metoder, Specialpedagogiska lärmiljöer, Organiseringen av specialpedagogsiska insatser samt Speciallärarens dilemman. Utifrån en fenomenologisk ansats har försök gjorts för att skapa en förståelse över hur specialläraren upplever sin arbetsroll. Därför har det varit intressant för oss att ta del av hur specialläraren arbetar via observation samt lyssna till deras egna erfarenheter under intervjuerna. Resultatet visar att specialläraren och specialpedagogen arbetar utifrån flera olika inlärningsmetoder för att kunna främja barns språkutveckling. De metoder som speciallärarna och specialpedagogen främst använde sig av var Tidig intensiv läsning (TIL- metoden) samt inlästa läromedel.

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  • 448.
    Appelberg, Jonas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Gilla oss!: En studie av fyra svenska medieföretags arbete med sociala medier2018Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation contains an exploratory study of how four Swedish media companies has decided to use social media in their daily work, and also how they in fact use them. What are the goals with implementing social media, how do they differ between different companies and do the goals transfer into the newsrooms?

    The four companies studied are Sveriges Radio, Aftonbladet, Dalarnas Tidningar and Gotlands Media. Media companies that differ from one another both in size, geographical coverage and economy. They range from small local newspapers to national public service radio and the biggest tabloid on the Swedish market. The methods used are qualitative research interviews and field studies as well as quantitative data analysis. The theoretical chapter helps define traditional journalism and journalistic practice. The concepts of boundaries, participatory cultures and normalizing of work methods are also discussed and helps build a context for the analysis of the empirical data.

    Some key findings from the study are that there are more similarities than differences between the various companies in both how they aim to use social media and how they in fact use them. That the digital development in the surrounding society are much faster than the implementation of new technologies in the newsrooms. Also, that there are differences between how the companies aim to use social media and the actual usage. For instance, all companies strive for a more active dialog with the audience in their visionary work, but has a hard time turning this into reality.

    There is also notable that social media in this study do not change the journalistic fundamental routines and traditions. The studied journalists are still in control of their own content and they aim to meet the same standard in journalistic quality when working in social media. It is also evident that Facebook is invaluable for all the studied companies, which gives Facebook an interesting indirect power over the journalistic work process and product. Finally, the study finds that it is hard to engage the audience in an active collaboration even when working with social media.

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    fulltext
  • 449.
    Appelberg, Jonas
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science. Södertörns högskola.
    Johansson, Elena
    Nygren, Gunnar
    Baranowski, Pawel
    Social media in the professional work of Polish, Russian and Swedish journalists2014In: Journal of Print and Media Technology Research, ISSN 2223-8905, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 107-118Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Professional journalistic culture is a complex of journalistic values, practices, norms and media products. On the one hand it tends to unification across the globe, but on the other hand these cultures varies according to cultural diversities.  Technological development leads to a media convergence, increasing interactivity and plenty of opportunities for individualization of media content influence audience’s demands and consequently challenge of traditional routine of journalists’ work, affect professional practices and even undermine traditional role of a journalist in society. Social media creates new conditions for both actors: readers/viewers/listeners and for media professionals who use it as a tool for media work.  Journalists in the different countries, however, use social media for professional needs not equally. This paper is discussing differences and similarities in the patterns of social media use by Polish, Russian and Swedish journalists.  The research is based on a survey of 500 journalists in each country.  

  • 450.
    Appelgren, Oscar
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Öhman, Rebecca
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Lindfors, Evelina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Lita inte på någon: En studie om källkritikens roll inom lokaljournalistiken2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en b-uppsats från Mittuniversitetets journaliststudenter vårterminen 2014. Rapportens titel är: Lite inte på någon – En studie om källkritikens roll i lokaljournalistiken. Författare är Evelina Lindfors, Rebecca Öhman och Oscar Appelgren. Rapporten är på 27 sidor och 7561 ord exklusive bilagor.

    Syftet med rapporten är att undersöka hur fyra regionala redaktioner i Västernorrland förhåller sig till källkritik och att i praktiken visa hur arbetet med tips från externa källor och pressmeddelanden ser ut på redaktionerna. Detta ger tidigare forskning inom ämnet ett mer tvådimensionellt uttryck.

    Detta är en kvalitativ undersökning i bemärkelsen att den valda metoden är samtalsintervjuer med sex verksamma reportrar runt om i Västernorrland från både public service- och privatägda kommersiella medieföretag. Reportrarna valdes utifrån strategiska kriterier.

    Att döma av samtalsintervjuerna finns det inga nedskrivna riktlinjer på redaktionerna till hur de bör förhålla sig till källor och deras information, det mesta sitter i väggarna. Reportrarna anser dock att de är noggranna med att kolla upp källor men att det finns brister, då speciellt när det gäller nyhetsbyråer och pressmeddelanden. Tiden är ett ständigt problem då nyheter helst ska upp på webben så snabbt som möjligt. Detta bidrar till att faktakollar inte blir prioriterade.

    Nyckelord: Källkritik, källor, tips, journalister, redaktioner, public service, Mittmedia. 

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