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  • 2701.
    Öhman, Gerth
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Idé och innovation2012Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Present thesis is to deepen the current knowledge about the concept and development of ideas of innovators and the potential small businesses in rural areas has to adopt innovation and new technology. The thesis is limited tostudying the process itself and the progression from concept and development of ideas for invention and innovation to market and customer. The research questions include: What motivates an inventor to innovate? Howto practice innovation in small companies? How are innovators approach toproblem solving? What opportunities exist for small businesses in rural areas toadopt innovations and new technologies? The thesis also discusses on the one hand innovators approaches to motivationand attitude and on the other hand, how ideas are selected and then developed inthe process and progression in the author via the invention to market andcustomer innovation. In the present thesis has been both quantitative andqualitative approach, based on behavioural research.Important conclusions from this thesis is: that the innovation process should bedeleted and recorded by the (basic) idea and author; innovator must remain in thedevelopment of ideas with complementary and alternative ideas, innovationprocess, the progression from idea to innovation should be based on a “bottom up” perspective, where the patent law “previous user rights” supports innovatorsinvolvement in the process and progression

  • 2702.
    Öhman, Gerth
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Sandberg, Karl W
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    A phenomenological study of innovators attitude to creative problem solving2009In: The 17th World Congress on  Ergonomics, IEA, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2703.
    Öhman, Gerth
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Sandberg, Karl W
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Inventor motivations to go from idea to innovation?2011In: Ergonomis for all: Celebrating PPCOE's 20 Years of Excellence - Selected Papers of the Pan-Pacific Conference on Ergonomics, PPCOE 2010 / [ed] An-Hsiang Wang, CRC Press, 2011, p. 461-464Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of present paper is to describe the motivations that underlie the choices made by inventors in the development of their technologies. These classifications can help managers of innovation programs direct sparse resources to inventors with the greatest probability of commercial success. The categorisation of motivation to go from idea to innovation and commercialisation of new technologies is presented for inventors for the small business in rural area of Sweden. The main results showed least eight different inventor motivations.

  • 2704.
    Öhrling, Petter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Sahlin, Lukas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    KLICK: En kvantitativ studie av sportnyhetsvärdering på nätet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2705.
    Örtegren, Jonas
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Andersson, Nina
    Alberius, Peter
    Bergström, Lennart
    Lindgren, Mikael
    Spectroscopic investigations of spirooxazine and spiropyran incorporated in hybrid organic/inorganic silica particles2005In: Proceedings of SPIE: Nanophotonic Materials and Systems II, Redondo Beach, CA: SPIE , 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2706.
    Örtegren, Jonas
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Eklund, Johan
    Norstedt-Moberg, Jakob
    Alfthan, Elisabeth
    Hägglund, Jan-Erik
    Engisch, Lutz
    Erikson, Arne
    Inkjet Printing Dynamics: Influence on Ink Distribution in Paper and Print Quality2007In: NIP 23: 23RD INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON DIGITAL PRINTING TECHNOLOGIES, TECHNICAL PROGRAM AND PROCEEDINGS/DIGITAL FABRICATION 2007, The Society for Imaging Science and Technology, 2007, p. 595-598Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Inkjet technology is becoming established as a production method and emerges as a printing technology for printing functionalities on various media. The development has encouraged intensified research in the fields of inkjet technology and paper media. The work presented here is pail of a research program that attempts to bridge the gap between the two disciplines. The overall objective is to control and improve the print quality and print functionality by observing and controlling the dynamic processes that occur in paper media in the inkjet printing process. Detailed information about the dynamic processes is however not available with the experimental methods present today, and improvements of experimental techniques is consequently a prerequisite for a better understanding. Therefore, inkjet printing machines were built and tested The printers allow for inkjet printing with various types of inks and print heads at freely chosen paper feeding speed Methods to study the inkjet printing process in-situ by use of camera and high-speed video camera were developed It is shown that the in-situ methods capture spreading and absorption processes of inkjet droplets on still-standing paper and paper fed at high speed The in-situ measurements and analysis are discussed in terms of relevant print quality parameters.

  • 2707.
    Örtegren, Jonas
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Lindgren, Mikael
    Swedish Defence Research Establishment.
    Pyroelectric liquid crystalline polymers for second order nonlinear optics2002In: Recent Research Developments in Optics, 2 / [ed] S.G. Pandalai, India: Trivandrum Research Signpost , 2002, p. 53-88Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2708.
    Örtegren, Jonas
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of applied science and design.
    Öhlund, Thomas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of applied science and design.
    Niga, Petru
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of applied science and design.
    Makeen, Khalid
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of applied science and design.
    Andersson, Henrik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Nilsson, Hans-Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Print quality issues concerning inkjet printing of colour and electronics on paper2012In: PTS Symposium: Paper and Imaging 2012, Munich, Germany, 2012, p. 251-263Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The market value of the digital printing technologies electrophotography and inkjet is expected to grow during this decade. The introduction of multicolour high speed inkjet machines in recent years has again turned print quality into an important issue. In addition, the combination of digital printing and traditional printing technologies for variable data print production requires paper and ink which gives good and comparable print quality using different printing technologies. Printed electronics, most commonly utilizing the printing technologies screen, gravure, flexography or inkjet, is forecasted a bright future. The interest in paper as print media for printed electronics and flexible electronics has recently increased, mainly due to the widespread usage of paper, the low cost of paper, and due to the fact that paper is produced mainly from natural renewable resources. The requirements on the print concern here not primarily the visual impression, but rather the functionality, for example the conductivity of printed tracks.

    We have studied the effect of surface treatment of paper on inkjet print quality; we have looked more closely at the effect of different paper surface parameters, and shown that these parameters can have a large impact on both chroma and detail reproduction when printing with pigmented inkjet inks. Combination of inkjet with traditional printing technologies can give good print quality when carefully combining printing technology, ink and print media. Moreover, some knowledge concerning printing of colour may be transferred to the field of printed electronics, although the prerequisites on the print products are quite different. We have studied how the surface properties of coated paper affects the electrical conductivity and the print quality of inkjet printed electronics. In addition, coating of paper surfaces by laboratory methods and evaluation of functionality has been performed. The work is a base for our ongoing research on adding of functionalities to paper and packaging in a flexible and cost efficient way by utilization of printing technologies and novel materials.

  • 2709.
    Östberg, Tomas
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Jonsson, Anders
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Physics and Mathematics.
    Lundström, Ulla
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Enhanced biodegradation of diesel fuel hydrocarbons in soil by the addition of fermented whey2005Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Industrial organic byproducts such as whey or fermented whey contain easily accessible carbon and micronutrients which could be used to stimulate microbial degradation of hazardous organic contaminants in soil. In this work we have investigated the possibility to use fermented whey as a growth supplement to enhance the aerobic degradation of diesel fuel hydrocarbons in soil. Experiments were carried out with two soils, a sand soil and a loamy sand soil, contaminated with diesel fuel at a concentration of 5000 mg kg-1 soil dry weight (dw). Fermented whey was added at different dosages to nutrient amended soil microcosms. Petroleum hydrocarbon mineralization was monitored by analysis of evolved 14CO2 from added 14C-labeled n-hexadecane. Mineralization curves were fitted to a three-half-order kinetics model. Enhanced mineralization was observed in sand soil at 7 and 22C and in loamy sand soil at 22C but the stimulatory effect was most pronounced in the sand soil at 22C, where the addition of 6 and 60 ml fermented whey kg-1 soil dw, increased the final degree of n-hexadecane mineralization from 49% in the control soil to 60 and 67% respectively. The increased total mineralization was characterized by an increase in the amount of substrate mineralized by first-order kinetics despite a decrease in the first order rate constant, k1. The highest concentration of fermented whey, 60 ml kg-1, gave rise to substrate competition, diauxie, which resulted in an extended lag phase.

  • 2710.
    Österberg, Patrik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Efficient multicast video streaming over heterogeneous networks2004Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The demand for real-time video streaming over Internet is ever growing. The aggregated bandwidth of the video flows can be substantial, which motivates the use of bandwidth-preserving techniques such as multicast transmission and powerful source coding algorithms. With powerful video source coding follow an increased sensitivity to lost or corrupted data. Error-correcting codes may be applied to deal with this side effect. Another topic, which arises when multicast is introduced, is its effect on the notion of fairness. It is debatable if a unicast flow with a single receiver should be entitled to the same amount of bandwidth as a multicast flow with hundreds of receivers. This licentiate thesis aims at exploiting and combining existing techniques and developing new ones, all with the common goal of creating higher satisfaction and fairness for the end users of video streaming services. One of the techniques that are being evaluated is priority dropping, where less important packets are the first to be dropped in the routers in case of congestion. Then a scheme where multicast end users can deal with varying packet-loss rates by individually choosing the amount of error-correcting data they want to receive, is proposed. Further, the area of fairness in multicast environments is addressed, and a new definition of multicast fairness is presented.

  • 2711.
    Österberg, Patrik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Fair Treatment of Multicast Sessions and Their Receivers: Incentives for more efficient bandwidth utilization2007Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Media-streaming services are rapidly gaining in popularity, and new ones are knocking on the door. Standard-definition Internet protocol television (IPTV) has already entered many living rooms, and high-definition IPTV will become common property in the not too distant future. Then even more advanced and resource-demanding services, such as three-dimensional and free-view TV, are next in line. Video streaming is by nature extremely bandwidth intensive, and this development will put the existing network infrastructure to the test.

    In scenarios where many receivers are simultaneously interested in the same data, which is the case with popular live content, multicast transmission is more bandwidth efficient than unicast. The reason is that the receivers of a multicast session share the resources through a common transmission tree where data are only transmitted once along any branch. The use of multicast transmission can therefore yield huge bandwidth savings. There are however no really strong incentives for the Internet service providers (ISPs) to support multicast transmission, and the deployment has consequently been slow.

    We propose that more bandwidth is allocated to multicast flows in the case of network congestion. The ratio is based upon the number of receivers and the bitrate that they are able to obtain, since this is what determines the degree of resource sharing. We believe that it is fair to take this into account, and accordingly call the proposed allocation multicast-favorable max-min fair. Further, we present two bandwidth-allocation policies that utilize different amount of feedback to perform allocations that are reasonable close to be multicast-favorable max-min fair.

    We also propose two cost-allocation mechanisms that build upon the assumption that the cost for data transmission should be covered by the receivers. The mechanisms charge the receivers based on their share of the resources usage, which in general is favorable to multicast receivers. The two cost-allocation mechanisms differ in that one strives for optimum fair cost allocations, whereas the other might give discounts to some receivers. The discounts facilitate larger groups of receivers, which can provide cheaper services for the non-discounted receivers as well.

    The proposals make multicast transmission more attractive to the users of media-streaming services. If the proposals were implemented in multicast-enabled networks, the rest of the ISPs would be forced to support multicast, to stay competitive.

  • 2712.
    Österberg, Patrik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Forsgren, Daniel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Zhang, Tingting
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Receiver-controlled dynamic forward error correction for video streaming2003Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The proportion of real-time traffic, being transported over IP networks, appears to be ever increasing. Real-time traffic may, for example, consist of video and audio data, which have real-time constraints in terms of metrics such as maximum delay, delay jitter and packet loss. Bounds on such metrics can be hard to satisfy by the network, hence there is an incentive to make multicast streaming of video more packet-loss resilient. Receiver-driven layered multicast has been proposed for dealing with band limitations, and environments with heterogeneous terminals. We have extended these ideas to handle packet loss, by adding receiver-driven forward error control (FEC). The aim of this paper is to further improve the performance, by optimizing the distribution of the error protection between the layers.

  • 2713.
    Österberg, Patrik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Forsgren, Daniel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Zhang, Tingting
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Receiver-Controlled Joint Source/Channel Coding on the Application Level, for Video Streaming over WLANs2003In: The 57th IEEE Semiannual Vehicular Technology Conference, 2003. VTC 2003-Spring.: Vol. 3, 2003, p. 1558-1561Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The proportion of real-time traffic, being transported over internet protocol (IP) networks, appears to be ever increasing. Real-time traffic may, for example, be video and audio, which have real-time constraints such as maximum delay and delay jitter. Such requirements can be hard to satisfy in a wired infrastructure, and are even more so in a wireless network. Therefore there is a need to make transmission over wireless local area networks (WLANs) more reliable. The aim of this paper is to outline a proposal of such a scheme, which enables efficient transmission of MPEG-4 video over an IEEE 802.11b WLAN, and to experimentally verify its efficiency. Receiver-driven layered multicast has been proposed before, for dealing with band limitations and environments with heterogeneous terminals. We extend these ideas to handle packet loss, by adding receiver-driven unequal error protection (UEP). The proposal can be viewed as receiver-controlled joint source/channel (JSC) coding on the application level.

  • 2714.
    Österberg, Patrik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Zhang, Tingting
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    A Bandwidth-Allocation Policy Taking Layered Video Multicast into Consideration2004In: Proceedings of the Eighth IASTED International Conference on Internet and Multimedia Systems and Applications, Acta Press , 2004, p. 347-352Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As multicast is slowly gaining in support, the concept of multicast fairness is starting to attract some attention. Should multicast flows be favored at the expense of unicast flows, and if so to what extent? Allocating link bandwidth in proportion to the logarithm of the number of receivers of a flow has been proposed. That kind of policies favors multicast flows, without totally starving unicast flows. A problem of maintaining such policies emerges if layered multicast flows are introduced, since each layer is transmitted to a separate multicast IP address and will therefore be treated as an individual flow. Layered multicast flows will consequently be allocated too much bandwidth. In this paper, a logarithmic bandwidth-allocation policy that copes with layered multicast is proposed and evaluated through simulations. The results confirm that the proposal meets the expectations by preserving the intended fairness properties in scenarios with layered multicast traffic.

  • 2715.
    Österberg, Patrik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Zhang, Tingting
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Bid-Based Cost Sharing Among Multicast Receivers2007In: 4th International Conference on Heterogeneous Networking for Quality, Reliability, Security and Robustness and Workshops, QSHINE '07, ACM Press, 2007, article id 37Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In scenarios where many receivers simultaneously are interested in the same data, multicast transmission is more bandwidth efficient than unicast. The reason is that the receivers of a multicast session share the resources through a common transmission tree. Since the resources are shared between the receivers, it is reasonable that the costs corresponding to these resources should be shared as well. This paper deals with fair cost sharing among multicast receivers, and the work is based upon the assumption that costs should be shared according to the resource usage. However, it is not for certain that an optimally fair cost allocation is most beneficial for the receivers; receivers that cannot cover their fair share of the costs may nevertheless be able to contribute to the cost sharing to some extent. We propose a cost-allocation mechanism that strives to allocate the costs fairly, but gives discount to poor receivers who at least manage to cover the additional cost of providing them with the service.

  • 2716.
    Österberg, Patrik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Zhang, Tingting
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Fair Allocation of Link Capacity through Feedback of Bottleneck Information2007In: Digital Telecommunications, , 2006. ICDT '06. International Conference on 29-31 Aug. 2006, IEEE conference proceedings, 2007, p. 59-59Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we propose a bandwidth-allocation policy that is fairer and more bandwidth efficient than existing policies. The improvements are achieved through feedback of information regarding the largest bottleneck link of the downstream receivers of each flow. According to this information, the router nodes can avoid allocating more bandwidth to a flow than will be of use to at least one of its receivers. The proposed bandwidth-allocation policy, called bottleneck-feedback and receiver dependent (BFRD), is simulated with promising results

  • 2717.
    Österberg, Patrik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Zhang, Tingting
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Fair Allocation of Multicast Transmission Costs2008In: International Journal On Advances in Telecommunications, ISSN 1942-2601, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 1-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In scenarios where many receivers simultaneously are interested in the same data, multicast transmission is more bandwidth efficient than unicast. The reason is that the receivers of a multicast session share the resources through a common transmission tree. Since the resources are shared between the receivers, it is reasonable that the costs corresponding to these resources should be shared as well.

    This paper deals with fair cost sharing among multicast receivers, and the work is based upon the assumption that costs should be shared according to the resource usage. However, it is not for certain that an optimally fair cost allocation is most beneficial for the receivers; receivers that cannot cover their fair share of the costs may nevertheless be able to contribute to the cost sharing to some extent. We propose a cost-allocation mechanism that strives to allocate the costs fairly, but gives discount to poor receivers who at least manage to cover the additional cost of providing them with the service.

     

     

  • 2718.
    Österberg, Patrik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Zhang, Tingting
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Fair Cost Sharing Among Multicast Receivers2007In: 2007 Second International Conference on Digital Telecommunications, ICDT'07, IEEE conference proceedings, 2007, article id 4270571Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In scenarios where many receivers simultaneously are interested in the same data, multicast transmission is more bandwidth efficient than unicast. The reason is that the receivers of a multicast session share the resources through a common transmission tree. Since the resources are shared between the receivers, it is reasonable that the costs corresponding to these resources should be shared as well. This paper deals with fair cost sharing among multicast receivers. The work is based upon the assumption that costs should be shared based on resource usage. With this in mind, existing cost-allocation mechanisms are evaluated and the conclusion is that none of them is satisfactory fair. We therefore propose a new cost-allocation mechanism that allocates the costs according to the transmission path and obtained QoS level of each receiver.

  • 2719.
    Österberg, Patrik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Zhang, Tingting
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Fairer Allocation of Link Capacity Through Information Feedback2006In: Proceedings of the Fifth IASTED International Conference on Communication Systems and Networks, 2006, p. 143-148Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, a bandwidth-allocation policy that is fairer and more bandwidth efficient than any other existing policy, is presented. The fairness is measured with the multicast-favorable max-min fairness (MFMF) definition as reference. The improvements introduced by our policy are achieved through feedback of information regarding the bottleneck link of all the downstream receivers of each flow. According to this information, the router nodes can locally allocate the link capacities in line with the MFMF definition.

  • 2720.
    Österberg, Patrik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Zhang, Tingting
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Multicast-Favourable Max-Min Fairness: The Definition and How to Comply2011In: International Journal of Computers and Applications, ISSN 1206-212X, E-ISSN 1925-7074, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In scenarios where many receivers simultaneously are interested in the same data, multicast transmission is more bandwidth efficient than unicast. Consequently, the benefit of multicast transmission is growing with the rising interest in video-streaming services. To prioritize multicast flows and thereby create an incentive for the use of multicast transmission might therefore make sense. Research in this area is usually denoted multicast fairness. In this paper, we present a general definition of multicast fairness, named multicastfavourable max-min fairness (MFMF), which specifies the properties a global bandwidth allocation should possess to be considered fair to both unicast and multicast flows. A description of how the definition can be used to evaluate the fairness of other bandwidth allocations is also included. Further, two bandwidth-allocation policies that aim at producing allocations close to fulfilling the MFMF definition are presented.

  • 2721.
    Österberg, Patrik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Zhang, Tingting
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Revised Definition of Multicast-Favorable Max-Min Fairness2006In: Proceedings of the Third IASTED International Conference on Communications and Computer Networks, CCN 2006IASTED International Conference on Communications and Computer Networks, Lima, Peru, October 2006, ACTA Press, 2006, p. 63-68Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In scenarios where many receivers simultaneously are interested in the same data, multicast transmission is more bandwidth efficient than unicast. As a consequence, the benefit of multicast transmission is growing with the rising interest in video-streaming services. Therefore, the concept of multicast fairness has started to attract attention, it might be sensible to prioritize multicast flows and thereby create an incentive for the use of multicast transmission. The most general definition of multicast fairness, which prioritizes multicast traffic, is probably multicast-favorable max-min fairness (MFMF). However, in this paper it is shown that the MFMF definition is afflicted with a flaw that for certain traffic scenarios leads to intuitively unfair bandwidth allocations. The flaw is analyzed whereupon a revised version of the definition is proposed, which solves the problem. A description of how the definition can be used to evaluate the fairness of other bandwidth allocations is also included.

  • 2722.
    Österberg, Patrik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Zhang, Tingting
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Gidlund, Mikael
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Bandwidth Allocation in Broadband Access Networks2007In: Proceedings of 12th European cionference on networks & optical communications (NOC 2007), 2007, p. 525-532Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 2723.
    Östlund, Julia
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    I männens tjänst: Public service ur ett genusperspektiv2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2724.
    Öystilä, Tommi
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Game design2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2725.
    Ørsten, Mark
    et al.
    University of Roskilde.
    Aalberg, Toril
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology.
    Strömbäck, Jesper
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Conclusions. Similarities and Differences Between the Nordic Countries2008In: Communicating Politics: Political Communication in the Nordic Countries, Göteborg: Nordicom, 2008, p. 267-272Chapter in book (Other academic)
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