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  • 26101.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Häckner, Einar
    Jansson, Anna-Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Tschudi, Finn
    Swedish auditors' view of auditing: Doing things right versus doing the right things2006In: European Accounting Review, ISSN 0963-8180, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 89-114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to describe and analyse the thought patterns of Swedish auditors with regard to the way in which they audit information provided by listed companies, and possible changes in their duties. Eighty-two auditors were interviewed using the repertory grid technique and open-ended interview questions. To check the stability in the thought patterns of the respondents, six retests were made and, to validate the findings, an expert panel and two reference groups consisting of auditors and other representatives of the accounting and auditing professions were consulted. Distinct patterns emerged in the mean grid of the thought patterns of all the respondents. One dimension was related to the time perspective, past versus future, and another to auditing practice. Auditors devote a relatively long time and considerable effort to objects that can be satisfactorily verified, but not to objects that they perceive as being of primary importance to investors and other stakeholders. This inconsistency in the thought patterns of the auditors is similar to the gap between auditing in practice and stakeholders' expectations of auditing, which is a phenomenon frequently found in previous research. Moreover, the auditors were very reluctant to make statements about any information except that elicited according to current practice. In addition to this traditional view, the auditors appear to be more concerned about their own situation than that of the parties they are meant to be protecting. Doing things right seems to be more important than doing the right things. That the auditors spend much time on objects that they themselves do not consider to be of primary importance for the investors and other stakeholders, and their unwillingness to change current practice is of great concern in Sweden, where there is a strong belief in self-regulation of the auditing profession.

  • 26102.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Häckner, Einar
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Sörbom, D
    Department of Statistics, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden .
    Client satisfaction and usefulness to external stakeholders from an audit client perspective2012In: Managerial Auditing Journal, ISSN 0268-6902, E-ISSN 1758-7735, Vol. 27, no 5, p. 477-499Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to develop, test, and improve a structural equation model (SEM) of client satisfaction with the audit, and of client perception of the usefulness of the audit to external stakeholders. Design/methodology/approach: A questionnaire was mailed to audit clients, i.e. managers of Swedish limited companies with 50 or more employees; 627 useable questionnaires were returned, giving a response rate of 43 percent. Data were processed using the SEM software LISREL. Findings: The data suggest that auditors face difficulties in handling divided loyalties, as audit clients perceive a strong relationship between client satisfaction and usefulness to external stakeholders. Signing auditor competence is positively and auditor skepticism negatively related to both client satisfaction and usefulness to external stakeholders. Research limitations/implications: The paper focuses solely on the auditor and audit team levels and uses a limited number of independent variables. Practical implications: The findings extend previous results, indicating that client relationships with both signing auditors and audit assistants affect client satisfaction positively, but have no significant connection with usefulness to external stakeholders. Consequently, it would be useful to consider organizing audit teams in which the various members have distinct roles. Originality/value: The study addresses an issue most auditing research has not explicitly considered: the distinction between client satisfaction with the audit and client perceptions of the usefulness of the audit to external stakeholders. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

  • 26103.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Häckner, Einar
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Sörbom, Dag
    Uppsala universitetet.
    Klienters syn på revisorers kompetens, skepsis och relationer2013Report (Other academic)
  • 26104.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Johanson, Leif
    Reglering, riskhantering och affärer i finansiella företag2019In: Finansiell reglering och tillsyn / [ed] Stockenstrand, A-K., Söderström, R. och Öhman, P., Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, 1:1, p. 137-154Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 26105.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Lundberg, HeléneMid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Trovärdighet och förtroende i ekonomiska relationer2015Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 26106.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Pre-bankrupt going concern warnings: prediction accuracy, extent and degree of wording ambiguity and phrasing patterns in Sweden2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 26107.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Tagesson, Torbjörn
    Linköpings universitet.
    Riskbedömningar inom bank och revision relaterade till två typfel2015In: Trovärdighet och förtroende i ekonomiska relationer / [ed] Öhman, Peter och Lundberg, Heléne, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2015, 1, p. 145-166Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 26108.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ohlsson, G
    Väsentlighetsbegreppet vid revisorns rapportering.2003In: Balans:tidskrift, ISSN 0346-8208, Vol. 29, no 6/7, p. 24-26Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 26109.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Svanberg, Jan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Kopplingen mellan kvalitetsförsämrade handlingar och etik i revisionsbranschen2020Report (Other academic)
  • 26110.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Svanberg, Jan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Påverkar en identifiering med klienterna revisorers oberoende?2015Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 26111.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Svanberg, Jan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Revisorers förhandlingar med klienter2019Report (Other academic)
  • 26112.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Svanberg, Jan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Sambandet mellan etisk kultur och revisorers oberoende2016Report (Other academic)
  • 26113.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Svanberg, Jan
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Tidspress, etisk kultur och revisionskvalitet2013Report (Other academic)
  • 26114.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Svanberg, Jan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Äventyras revisorers oberoende av karismatiska klienter?2017Report (Other academic)
  • 26115.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Söderberg, B.
    Uppsala University, Institute for Housing and Urban Research, Gävle, Sweden.
    Uhlin, Ola
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Accuracy of Swedish property appraisers' forecasts of net operating income2012In: Journal of Property Research, ISSN 0959-9916, E-ISSN 1466-4453, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 103-122Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study addresses how property appraisers forecast one important component of the commercial property valuation model: net operating income. We compare appraisers' ex ante forecasts with corresponding ex post figures from company financial reports. The data are from the Swedish Property Index, 1998-2005, and comprise over 7000 observations. The findings indicate that the appraisers' forecasts are somewhat forward looking and almost as accurate as those obtained using mechanical autoregressive models. However, the forecasts are biased, as appraisers systematically overestimate future net operating income. There was also evidence of decreasing accuracy over the study period. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

  • 26116.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Söderberg, Bo
    Uppsala universitet.
    Träffsäkerheten i fastighetsvärderares bedömningar2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Svenska fastighetsvärderare har relativt god träffsäkerhet när de prognostiserar fastigheters driftsnetto (hyresintäkter minus driftskostnader), men deras systematiska överskattningar är besvärande. Den slutsatsen drar Peter Öhman vid CER och Bo Söderberg vid Institutet för bostads- och urbanforskning (Uppsala universitet) efter att ha avslutat det projekt som här avrapporteras. Forskningsresultat från projektet har tidigare publicerats i den internationella tidskriftartikeln "Accuracy of Swedish property appraisers’ forecasts of net operating income" (Öhman, Söderberg och Uhlin, 2012).

  • 26117.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Söderberg, Bo
    Uhlin, Ola
    Accuracy of appraiser forecasts2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 26118.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Söderberg, Bo
    Uppsala universitet.
    Westerdahl, Stig
    Malmö högskola.
    Hur ”Vasakronan” blev ”Vasakronan” – en stor fastighetsaffär skärskådad2014In: Fastighetsnytt, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 129-131Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 26119.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Söderberg, Bo
    Uppsala universitet.
    Westerdahl, Stig
    Malmö högskola.
    Investeringar i stora fastighetsbestånd2013Report (Other academic)
  • 26120.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Söderberg, Bo
    Westerdahl, Stig
    Property investor behaviour: qualitative analysis of a very large transaction2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 26121.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Söderberg, Bo
    Uppsala universitet.
    Westerdahl, Stig
    Malmö högskola.
    Property investor behaviour: Qualitative analysis of a very large transaction2013In: Journal of Property Investment & Finance, ISSN 1463-578X, E-ISSN 1470-2002, Vol. 31, no 6, p. 522-544Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This explorative case study focuses on property investment decision making from a behavioural perspective at the very microlevel. The study contributes to an understanding of how property investors manage the decision-making process, including organizational aspects, property valuation, and financial management.

    Design/methodology/approach – Applying a qualitative approach, the authors analyse a very large transaction that occurred in the Swedish property market in 2008. In an open bid transaction, properties of Vasakronan Corporation were sold for SEK41.1 billion (€4.3 billion). Managers in both the purchasing company and the consortium making the second highest bid were interviewed. The authors were encouraged to speak freely, but also used an interview guide with a number of themes as well as specific questions.

    Findings – The findings reveal the characteristics of two types of property investment decision-making behaviour with respect to how actors organize the work, use external consultants, value the properties, and secure the financing necessary for a final bid.

    Practical implications – Creditors, analysts, and appraisers may benefit from the insight that property investment decision makers can use different approaches in determining their final bids.

    Originality/value – The authors use a qualitative empirical approach in analysing an extraordinarily large property transaction from a buyer's point of view and presents detailed information about this transaction as well as general insights into actual behaviour rarely examined in the property investment literature.

  • 26122.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Wahlberg, Olof
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Häckner, Einar
    How the context of auditing distorts auditingpractices2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 26123.
    ֖hman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Wallerstedt, Eva
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Audit regulation and the development of the auditing profession: The case of Sweden2012In: Accounting History, ISSN 1032-3732, E-ISSN 1749-3374, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 241-257Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the wake of the Companies Act of 1895, which stipulated that limited companies should appoint an auditor, an auditing field gradually emerged in Sweden. Our historical review from the end of the nineteenth century to the end of the twentieth century reveals a reciprocal relationship between audit regulation and the development of the auditing profession. Laws and additional rules both codified auditing practice and paved the way for a strengthening of the profession’s position. The findings also show that critical events have triggered these developments. In 1932, a corporate financial scandal forced the profession to improve auditing methods and formulate ethical rules, and the law that followed was considered a significant indication of the importance of auditors in Sweden. The profession’s position was further strengthened in the 1970s when auditors’ associations became rule-making bodies, and the state decided upon additional assignments for auditors. To meet the 1983 prescription in the Companies Act that at least one auditor in a limited company should be authorized or approved, the number of authorized public accountants increased significantly. © The Author(s) 2012.

  • 26124.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Wallerstedt, Eva
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Revisorsprofessionens framväxt i Sverige2012Report (Other academic)
  • 26125.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Wallerstedt, Eva
    Uppsala universitet.
    Sveriges första kvinnliga auktoriserade revisorer2014Report (Other academic)
  • 26126.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Wallerstedt, Eva
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The development of audit regulation and the strengthening of the position of the profession2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 26127.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Bank lending and housing prices in Sweden2018In: International Journal of Housing Markets and Analysis, ISSN 1753-8270, E-ISSN 1753-8289, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 498-519Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of this study is to investigate the Granger causal link between bank lending and housing prices.

    Design/methodology/approach Several econometric methods, including Granger causality tests based on a vector error correction model, were applied to analyse monthly time series data in the Swedish context. The data cover bank lending, apartment prices, villa prices, mortgage rates and the consumer price index from September 2005 to October 2013.

    Findings The results indicate that bank lending and housing prices are cointegrated. According to Granger causality tests, bidirectional relationships exist between bank lending and each of apartment and villa prices, confirming the financial accelerator mechanism. However, earlier shocks arising from housing prices themselves account for the greatest variation in future prices.

    Originality/value To the authors' knowledge, this study represents the first analysis of the causal link between bank lending and the housing market in terms of apartment and villa prices in the Swedish context.

  • 26128.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Bank lending and property prices in Sweden2017In: Book of Proceedings: 6th Malmö Real Estate Research Conference / [ed] Magnus Andersson, Peter Palm, Malmö University , 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to investigate the Granger causal link between bank lending and house prices. Design/methodology/approach – Several econometric methods, including Granger causality tests based on a vector error-correction model, were applied to analyse monthly time series data in the Swedish context. The data includes apartment prices, villa prices, bank lending, mortgage rates, and consumer price index for the period September 2005 to October 2013. Findings – The results show that bank lending and house prices are co-integrated. According to the Granger causality tests, bidirectional relationships exist between bank lending and each of apartment and villa prices, confirming the financial accelerator mechanism. Originality/value – As far as the authors know, this study represents the first analysis of the causal link between bank lending and the housing market in terms of apartment and villa prices in the Swedish context. 

  • 26129.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Kapitalstrukturen i små och medelstora företag2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Hur kapitalstrukturen ser ut i små och medelstora företag och vad som påverkar denna är frågor av både teoretiskt och praktiskt intresse. Peter Öhman och Darush Yazdanfar vid CER har fördjupat sig i dessa båda frågor och presenterar i denna kortrapport analyser av data från ett stort antal små och medelstora företag verksamma i flera branscher. Resultaten visar bl.a. att dessa företag, i genomsnitt, finansierar sina verksamheter med en stor andel egna medel, en viktig finansieringskälla redan i uppstartsfasen som ökar i betydelse ju äldre företagen blir. Även kortfristiga skulder används i relativt stor utsträckning i tidiga livsstadier, men de minskar allt eftersom. Långfristiga skulder ökar i takt med att företagen blir äldre, men andelen är låg oavsett ålder. Apropå frågan vad som påverkar små och medelstora företags kapitalstruktur har alla undersökta variabler – storlek, ålder, lönsamhet, tillväxt, likviditet, andelen säkerhetsbaserade tillgångar, andelen avskrivningsbaserade tillgångar och branschtillhörighet – en koppling till företagens skuldsättning och därmed till deras finansieringspolitik. Forskningsresultaten har tidigare publicerats i de internationella tidskriftsartiklarna ”Capital structure dynamics among SMEs: Swedish empirical evidence” (Yazdanfar och Öhman, 2016) och ”Short- and long-term debt determinants in Swedish SMEs” (Öhman och Yazdanfar, 2017).

  • 26130.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Lägenhets- och villapriser, börsindex och banklån2018Report (Other academic)
  • 26131.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Organizational-level profitability determinants in commercial banks: Swedish evidence2018In: Journal of economic studies, ISSN 0144-3585, E-ISSN 1758-7387, Vol. 45, no 6, p. 1175-1191Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine organizational-level determinants of commercial bank profitability. Design/methodology/approach Using bank-level longitudinal panel data for the 2005-2014 period, this study conducts univariate and multivariate statistical analyses, i.e. ordinary least squares (OLS), fixed-effects and feasible generalized least-squares (FGLS) regressions, to analyze profitability variables in Swedish commercial banks. Findings The findings indicate that the organizational-level determinants growth, lagged profitability and capital adequacy are positively related to banks' current profitability. No relationship was found between banks' size and their profitability. Moreover, no relationship was found between the macroeconomic control variable gross domestic product (GDP) and bank profitability. Practical implications Given that organizational-level determinants explain sustainable bank profitability, the findings can be used by bank managers as a basis for low-risk bank policy formulation, and by regulators in monitoring banks relative to international standards (i.e. the Basel Accords). Originality/value To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first study to investigate determinants of bank profitability in Sweden, a country with a strong tradition of bank-based financing, with previous experience of a domestic bank crisis in the 1990s, and where the recent global financial crisis had relatively little impact on domestic banks.

  • 26132.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Short- and long-term debt determinants in Swedish SMEs2017In: Review of Accounting and Finance, ISSN 1475-7702, E-ISSN 1758-7700, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 106-124Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This paper aims to empirically investigate the capital structure determinants of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) with a particular focus on short- and long-term debt.

    Design/methodology/approach: Several methods were used to analyse a sample of 15,897 Swedish SMEs for which complete financial information was available for a four-year period following the 2008 financial crisis, i.e. the 2009-2012 period.

    Findings: The results indicate that eight explanatory variables - i.e. size, age, growth, proftability, liquidity, asset tangibility, non-debt tax shields and industry affliation - are associated to various extents with SME debt policy. Research limitations/implications - The current study is limited to examining a sample of Swedish SMEs in five industry sectors covering the 2009-2012 period. Further research could examine the generalizability of the present results by considering other countries, industry sectors and periods.

    Practical implications - As debt policy infuences firm performance, value and survival, SME owners and managers, regulators and financial institutions may beneft from studies considering a relatively large number of capital structure determinants, several of which are linked to short- and long-term debt in various ways.

    Originality/value: This study is one of the few to examine the determinants of short- and long-term debt in SMEs, which play a fundamental role in the economy, using a large-scale cross-sectional database covering a period following the 2008 financial crisis.

  • 26133.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    The nexus between stock market index and apartment and villa prices: Granger causality test of Swedish data2017In: International Journal of Housing Markets and Analysis, ISSN 1753-8270, E-ISSN 1753-8289, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 450-467Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the Granger causal link between the stock market index and housing prices in terms of apartment and villa prices. Design/methodology/approach: Monthly data from September 2005 to October 2013 on apartment prices, villa prices, the stock market index, mortgage rates and the consumer price index were used. Statistical methods were applied to explore the long-run co-integration and Granger causal link between the stock market index and apartment and villa prices in Sweden. Findings: The results indicate that the stock market index and housing prices are co-integrated and that a long-run equilibrium relationship exists between them. According to the Granger causality tests, bidirectional relationships exist between the stock market index and apartment and villa prices, respectively, supporting the wealth and credit-price effects. Moreover, variations in apartment and villa prices are primarily caused by endogenous shocks. Originality/value: To the authors’ best knowledge, this study represents a first analysis of the causal nexus between the stock market and the housing market in terms of apartment and villa prices in the Swedish context using a vector error-correction model to analyze monthly data.

  • 26134.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    The nexus between stock market index and apartment and villa prices: Granger causality test of Swedish data2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this study is to investigate the Granger causality link between the stockmarket index and housing prices in terms of prices of apartments and prices of villas.

    Design/methodology/approach – Monthly data over the period September 2005 to October 2013 ofprices of apartments, prices of villas, stock market index, mortgage rates, and consumer price indexwere used. Statistical methods were applied to explore the long-run equilibrium relationship betweenthe stock market index and the prices of apartments and villas.

    Findings - The results indicate that the stock market index and house prices are co-integrated andthat a long-run equilibrium relationship exists between them. However, regarding their relationshipto the stock market index there are significant differences between prices of apartments and prices ofvillas. According to the Granger causality test, there is a unidirectional relationship between thestock market index and prices of apartments, supporting the wealth effect hypothesis. At the sametime, the results indicate a bidirectional Granger causality between the stock market index andprices of villas.

    Originality/value - To the authors’ best knowledge, this study represents a first attempt to focus onthe causal nexus between stocks and house prices in terms of apartment and villa prices in theSwedish context using a vector error correction model to analyse monthly data.

  • 26135.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Vad påverkar bankers lönsamhet?2018Report (Other academic)
  • 26136.
    Öhman, Susanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Pandora's Genes: Images of Biotechnology and Nature in Europe2002In: Biotechnology: The making of a global controversy, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26137.
    Öhman, Susanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Previous Experiences and Risk Perception: The Role of Transference2017In: Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, ISSN 2456-981X, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 1-10, article id 35101Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: The aim of the article is to investigate how experiences of crisis such as accidents, illnesses, violence and natural catastrophes influence perceptions of risk in general. The questions this article poses are whether there are some experiences significant enough to change an individual’s perception not only of the kind of risk experienced but also of other kinds of risks and whether there are certain experiences that are particularly powerful.

    Study Design, Place and Duration of Study:The analyses use data from two Swedish national

    surveys, ‘Society and Values’, that took the form of mail polls conducted in the winters of 2005 and 2008. Both polls used questionnaires that focus on risk perception, risk communication, risk behavior, experience, and values. The dataset used each year is composed of two representative samples of the Swedish population.

    Methodology: The samples consisted of people between the ages of 16 and 75: two national

    random samples (n=2000 each) and two random samples of people living in areas with a relatively large population of people with foreign backgrounds (n=750 each). The total number of respondents was 1,472 in 2005 and 951 in 2008.

    Results: The results show that previous experience is a strong predictor of higher risk perception even after controlling for gender, origin, income, education and values. Depending on previous experiences of certain hazards and crises, the individual’s perception of risks related to these experiences will vary.

    Conclusion: This article has shown that different categories of experiences are powerful to

    transfer the feeling of dislike or fear not only to the related risk but also to other kinds of risk. One example is, being the victim of violence increases the level of risk perceived not only for violence but for several lifestyle risks and known risks as well.

  • 26138.
    Öhman, Susanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Public Perceptions of Gene Technology: On the edge of risk society2002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 26139.
    Öhman, Susanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Risker i ett heteronormativt samhälle2009In: Risker i det moderna samhället: Samhällsvetenskapliga perspektiv, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2009, p. 237-260Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Innehåll: Sexuell läggning, heteronormativitet och queerteori, Skillnader i utsatthet - tidigare forskning, Riskuppfattningar och sexuell läggning, Skillnader i riskuppfattningar vad gäller sexuell läggning

  • 26140.
    Öhman, Susanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Risks in a Heteronormative Society - Sense-Making of Everyday Risks among Gays in Sweden 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 26141.
    Öhman, Susanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Teorier om risksamhället2009In: Risker i det moderna samhället, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2009, p. 103-121Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Innehåll: Individualiseringsprocessen, Dimensioner av risksamhället, Tillämpning inom riskforskningen, Socialkonstruktionistiska perspektiv på riskuppfattningar

  • 26142.
    Öhman, Susanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The evolution of public opinion on biotechnology2002In: Biotechnology: the making of a global controversy, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26143.
    Öhman, Susanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The Impact of Gender and Sexual Orientation and the Mediating Role of Values and Experiences of Vulnerability2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 26144.
    Öhman, Susanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The Impact of Gender and Sexual Orientation on Risk Perception and Risk Behaviour2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 26145.
    Öhman, Susanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Towards a methodology for quantitative intersectional analysis of health risk positions2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 26146.
    Öhman, Susanna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Giritli Nygren, Katarina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Olofsson, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The (un)intended consequences of crisis communication in news media: a critical analysis2016In: Critical Discourse Studies, ISSN 1740-5904, E-ISSN 1740-5912, Vol. 13, no 5, p. 515-530Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article takes as its departure point the questions Which discourses figure in the news media's coverage of natural disasters?' and What are the possible unintended consequences of this type of crisis communication?' The overall aim is to elucidate the development of risk discourses, struggles over discursive legitimacy, and shifts in argumentation to legitimate or delegitimate certain actors and actions in relation to a widespread and devastating wildfire in the summer of 2014 in Sweden. The chosen media outlets are one national agenda-setting morning newspaper, one national evening tabloid, and one local newspaper. All coverage in these newspapers from the period of the wildfire (1-31 August 2014) were selected and analyzed. By employing a critical discourse analysis of three different newspapers' crisis communication flows during the one-month-long wildfire, we show how crisis communication is in fact embedded in discourses of power related to gender and rurality.

  • 26147.
    Öhman, Susanna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Kloep, Marion
    University of Glamorgan.
    Olofsson, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Differences in Sense-Making of Risk: Are there Contextual Differences between Groups?2008In: 'The End of Rationality?' The Challenge of New Risks and Uncertainties in the 21st Century. 'Sociology and Public Debate' Barcelona, September 5-9., 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 26148.
    Öhman, Susanna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Olofsson, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Doing and Undoing Risk: The Constitution of Risk and Heteronormativity in a Transforming Society2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 26149.
    Öhman, Susanna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Olofsson, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Kris och risk i det heterogena samhället2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten behandlar hur risker, säkerhet och olyckor upplevs, värderas och bedöms av olika grupper i samhället. Syftet har inte enbart varit att kartlägga den enskilda medborgarens värdering och skattning utan att även möjliggöra förebyggande arbete i konkreta situationer. Befolkningens heterogenitet i termer av kön, ålder, ursprung, funktionshinder och sexuell läggning har fokuserats just för att förbättra samhällets förmåga att hantera risker och förmedla riskkommunikation till olika grupper. Med heterogenitet menar vi att invånarna skiljer sig från varandra i termer av resurser, värderingar och erfarenheter. Inom projektet har två huvudstudier gjorts; en med nio kvalitativa fokusgruppintervjuer med människor från olika grupper bland den svenska allmänheten. Selektionskriteriet för grupperna var heterogenitet. Den andra studien var en enkätstudie där urvalet bestod av 3 000 personer boende i Sverige i åldern 16-75 år, uppdelat på tre slumpmässiga underurval: 2 000 personer i hela riket, svarsfrekvens 59 %. 750 personer i församlingar med hög andel personer med utländsk bakgrund, svarsfrekvens 36 %. 250 personer i glesbygdslän, svarsfrekvens 55 %. Urval 2 och 3 gjordes för att säkerställa att tillräckligt många personer med utländsk bakgrund och personer boende i glesbygd ingick i urvalet. Enkäten bestod av ett stort antal frågor om t.ex. riskuppfattningar, riskkommunikation, riskbeteende, värderingar, resurser och olika typer av bakgrundsvariabler. Våra resultat visar att heterogenitetsgrunderna i varierande grad spelar roll för förståelsen av människors riskuppfattningar, riskkommunikation och risk- eller säkerhetsbeteenden. De undersökta grupperna upplever olika risker på olika sätt, vill ha varierande typ av riskkommunikation och har också skilda riskbeteenden. Dessa resultat kvarstår även om man tar hänsyn till värderingar, sårbarhet, kön och inkomst och illustrerar vikten av att ta med heterogeniteten i samhället vid studier av risker för att synliggöra de variationer som finns i samhället. Utifrån intervjustudierna kan vi dra slutsatserna att människor förstår risk utifrån sina egna erfarenheter och vardagshändelser, samt att när det gällde nya risker, t.ex. kärnkraft och klimatförändringar hade de studerade grupperna olika strategier för att hantera och leva med dessa. Med utgångspunkt i teorin om risksamhället har en modell av riskuppfattningar med två dimensioner konstruerats; kontroll–fatalism och lokalt–globalt. Att gruppera människor enligt dessa föreslagna dimensioner kan vara ett sätt att öka vår förståelse för att olika grupper av allmänheten kan ha samma uppfattning om en specifik risk, men denna uppfattning är grundad i olika kontext. Detta stämmer också vad gäller riskförståelse, att de intervjuade förankrade sin förståelse för olika risker mot å ena sidan riskens betydelse för mig personligen eller oss kollektivt, och å andra sidan hur risken upplevdes i relation till här lokalt eller där globalt, alltså en rumslig förankring. Sammanfattningsvis kan man säga att rapporten visar på behovet av att i större utsträckning beakta befolkningens heterogenitet i det riskförebyggande arbetet. Rapporten avslutas med sex stycken råd för en förbättrad riskkommunikation.

  • 26150.
    Öhman, Susanna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Olofsson, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    National, international or global threats – who fears what? Societal risk perceptions in Sweden 2004 and 2008.2009Conference paper (Other academic)
520521522523524525526 26101 - 26150 of 26294
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