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  • 25351. Öhlund, Ulrika
    et al.
    Wennman-Larsen, Agneta
    Persson, Carina
    Gutavsson, Petter
    Furst, Carl-Johan
    Wengström, Yvonne
    Sundin, Karin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Longitudinell studie om närstående till personer med lungcancer: hälsa, livssituation, reaktioner och resurser: Nordisk konferens - Familjefokuserad omvårdnad, Kalmar, Sverige2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 25352.
    Öhlén Holmström, Hannes
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Karlsson, Linnea
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Dyra bilar och lättklädda kvinnor: En studie av förstasidorna i Hot Rod-magasin, ur ett genusperspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25353. Öhlén, J.
    et al.
    Berg, L.
    Björk Brämberg, E.
    Engström, Å
    German Millberg, L.
    Höglund, I.
    Jacobsson, C.
    Lepp, M.
    Lidén, E.
    Lindström, I.
    Petzäll, K.
    Söderberg, Siv
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Wijk, H.
    Students' learning as the focus for shared involvement between universities and clinical practice: A didactic model for postgraduate degree projects2012In: Advances in Health Sciences Education, ISSN 1382-4996, E-ISSN 1573-1677, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 471-487Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In an academic programme, completion of a postgraduate degree project could be a significant means of promoting student learning in evidence- and experience-based practice. In specialist nursing education, which through the European Bologna process would be raised to the master's level, there is no tradition of including a postgraduate degree project. The aim was to develop a didactic model for specialist nursing students' postgraduate degree projects within the second cycle of higher education (master's level) and with a specific focus on nurturing shared involvement between universities and healthcare settings. This study embodies a participatory action research and theory-generating design founded on empirically practical try-outs. The 3-year project included five Swedish universities and related healthcare settings. A series of activities was performed and a number of data sources secured. Constant comparative analysis was applied. A didactic model is proposed for postgraduate degree projects in specialist nursing education aimed at nurturing shared involvement between universities and healthcare settings. The focus of the model is student learning in order to prepare the students for participation as specialist nurses in clinical knowledge development. The model is developed for the specialist nursing education, but it is general and could be applicable to various education programmes. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

  • 25354.
    Öhlén, Jenny
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Sandstöm, Jessica
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Den svårt sjuke eller döende patientens upplevelse av vård och omvårdnad i livets slutskede: En litteraturöversikt2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund Palliativ vård har fokus på symtomkontroll och livskvalité, döden varken påskyndas eller skjuts upp. Andlighet i olika former hjälper igenom svår sjukdom och gör den begriplig. I livets slutskede ställs saker på sin spets, avancerade symtom uppkommer, relationer förändras. Syftet med denna litteraturstudie är att belysa den svårt sjuke eller döende patientens upplevelse av vård och omvårdnad i livets slutskede. Som metod användes en allmän litteraturöversikt där kvantitativ och kvalitativ forskning användes. Resultat För att klara av svår sjukdom krävs oftast olika strategier. God symtomlindring kan ge stunder av välbefinnande och trygghet, medan progress i sjukdomen kan ge illabefinnande och begränsningar. Relationer förändras, frågor och förberedelser inför framtiden väcks. Behålla den personliga integriteten är viktigt den sjuke vill bli bemött med respekt. Sjuksköterskor med speciella kunskaper höjer nivån på behandlingar och tillgängligheten till vården. Tillsammans med tryggheten från familjen och hemsjukvårdsteamet ges den svårt sjuke bästa förutsättningen för livskvalité. Diskussion Relationer mellan sjuksköterskan, patienten och anhöriga skapar god omvårdnad. Hemsjukvården är under stark utveckling, en svaghet kan vara att inte hela omvårdnaden är under samma organisation. Slutsats Vidare forskning behövs för att ge möjlighet till utbildning och utveckling av den palliativa vården. Det vore också intressant att i framtiden se studier kring fler sjuksköterskor och vad undersköteskor kan tillföra i hemsjukvårdsteamen.

  • 25355.
    Öhman, A
    et al.
    Uppsala University/Karolinska Institutet.
    Soares, Joaquim
    Uppsala University/Karolinska Institutet.
    Unconscious anxiety: Phobic responses to masked stimuli1994In: Journal of Abnormal Psychology, ISSN 0021-843X, E-ISSN 1939-1846, Vol. 103, no 2, p. 231-240Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We tested the hypothesis that an unconscious preattentive perceptual analysis of phobic stimuli is sufficient to elicit human fear responses. Selected snake- and spider-fearful Ss, as well as normal controls, were exposed to pictures of snakes, spiders, flowers, and mushrooms. A separate forced-choice recognition experiment established backward masking conditions that effectively precluded recognition of experimental stimuli both for fearful and nonfearful Ss. In the main experiment, these conditions were used to compare skin conductance responses (SCRs) to masked and nonmasked phobic and control pictures among fearful and nonfearful Ss. In support of the hypotheses, snake- and spider-fearful Ss showed elevated SCRs to snake and spider pictures as compared with neutral pictures and with responses of the nonfearful Ss under both masking conditions. Ratings of valence, arousal, and dominance indicated that the fearful Ss felt more negative, more aroused, and less dominant in relation to both masked and nonmasked phobic stimuli.

  • 25356.
    Öhman, Ann-Charlott
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities.
    Tidens tro drabbar människan: Framträdande religiösa frågor och synen på gud och djävulen i prästeståndets riksdagsprotokoll under frihetstidens två första decennier2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25357. Öhman, Arne
    et al.
    Dimberg, Ulf
    Esteves, Francisco
    Preattentive activation of aversive emotions1989In: Aversion, avoidance and anxiety: Perspectives on aversively motivated behavior / [ed] T. Archer & L.-G. Nilsson (Eds.), New York: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1989, p. 169-193Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    According to everyday experience, fear seems to be part of ideosyncratic contexts, and to take such diverse forms as to defy simple classification. Torgerson (1979) asked subjects to rate their fear of many types of situations, and subjected the ratings to factor analysis. In this way, he isolated five clusters of feared situations: separation fears, social fears, animal fears, mutilation fears, and nature fears. Similar, albeit not identical, factors have been identified in many investigations (see Ohman, Dimberg, & Ost, 1985, for a review).

  • 25358.
    Öhman, Arne
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Esteves, Francisco
    Flykt, Anders
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Soares, J J F
    Gateways to consciousness: Emotion, attention, and electrodermal activity1993In: Progress in electrodermal research: NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Electrodermal Activity: From Physiology to Psychology, New York: Plenum Press , 1993Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25359. Öhman, Arne
    et al.
    Esteves, Francisco
    Parra, Cristina
    Estrategias de investigación en psicopatología: Una perspectiva vulnerabilidad-estrés1995In: Manual de psicopatología y trastornos psiquiátricos / [ed] V. E. Caballo, G. Buela-Casal, y J. A. Carrobles (Eds.), Madrid: Siglo XXI Editores, 1995Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25360.
    Öhman, Arne
    et al.
    Uppsala University; Karolinska Institutet.
    Esteves, Francisco
    Uppsala University; Lisbon, Portugal.
    Soares, Joaquim
    Uppsala University; Karolinska Institutet.
    Preparedness and preattentive associative learning: electrodermal conditioning to masked stimuli1995In: Journal of Psychophysiology, ISSN 0269-8803, E-ISSN 2151-2124, Vol. 9, p. 99-108Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 25361. Öhman, Arne
    et al.
    Flykt, Anders
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Esteves, Francisco
    Emotion drives attention: Detecting the snake in the grass2001In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, ISSN 0096-3445, Vol. 130, no 3, p. 466-478Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Participants searched for discrepant fear-relevant pictures (snakes or spiders) in grid-pattern arrays of fear-irrelevant pictures belonging to the same category (flowers or mushrooms) and vice versa. Fear-relevant pictures were found more quickly than fear-irrelevant ones. Fear-relevant, but not fear-irrelevant, search was unaffected by the location of the target in the display and by the number of distractors, which suggests parallel search for fear-relevant targets and serial search for fear-irrelevant targets. Participants specifically fearful of snakes but not spiders (or vice versa) showed facilitated search for the feared objects but did not differ from controls in search for nonfeared fear-relevant or fear-irrelevant, targets. Thus, evolutionary relevant threatening stimuli were effective in capturing attention, and this effect was further facilitated if the stimulus was emotionally provocative.

  • 25362. Öhman, Arne
    et al.
    Flykt, Anders
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Lundqvist, Daniel
    Unconscious emotion: Evolutionary perspectives, psychophysiological data, and neuropsychological mechanisms2000In: The Cognitive Neuroscience of Emotion, New York: Oxford University Press, 2000Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25363.
    Öhman, Arne
    et al.
    Karolinska institutet.
    Lundqvist, Daniel
    Karolinska institutet.
    Esteves, Francisco
    Karolinska institutet.
    The face in the crowd revisited: A threat advantage with schematic stimuli2001In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, ISSN 0022-3514, E-ISSN 1939-1315, Vol. 80, p. 381-396Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Schematic threatening, friendly, and neutral faces were used to test the hypothesis that humans preferentially orient their attention toward threat. Using a visual search paradigm, participants searched for discrepant faces in matrices of otherwise identical faces. Across 5 experiments, results consistently showed faster and more accurate detection of threatening than friendly targets. The threat advantage was obvious regardless of whether the conditions favored parallel or serial search (i.e., involved neutral or emotional distractors), and it was valid for inverted faces. Threatening angry faces were more quickly and accurately detected than were other negative faces (sad or "scheming"), which suggests that the threat advantage can be attributed to threat rather than to the negative valence or the uniqueness of the target display.

  • 25364.
    Öhman, Arne
    et al.
    Uppsala University/Karolinska Institutet.
    Soares, Joaquim
    Uppsala University/Karolinska Institutet.
    Emotional conditioning to masked stimuli: Unconsciously originated expectancies for aversive outcomes following nonrecognized fear-relevant stimuli1998In: Journal of experimental psychology. General, ISSN 0096-3445, E-ISSN 1939-2222, Vol. 127, no 1, p. 69-82Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of conscious awareness in human Pavlovian conditioning was examined in 2 experiments using masked fear-relevant (snakes and spiders; Experiments 1 and 2) and fear-irrelevant (flowers and mushrooms; Experiment 1) pictures as conditioned stimuli, a mild electric shock as the unconditioned stimulus, and skin conductance responses as the primary dependent variable. The conditioned stimuli were presented briefly (30 ms) and were effectively masked by an immediately following masking stimulus. Experiment 1 demonstrated nonconscious conditioning to fear-relevant but not to fear-irrelevant stimuli. Even though the participants could not recognize the stimuli in Experiment 2, they differentiated between masked stimuli predicting and not predicting shocks in expectancy ratings. However, expectancy ratings were not related to the conditioned autonomic response.

  • 25365.
    Öhman, Arne
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Soares, Sandra
    University of Aveiro, Portugal.
    Juth, Pernilla
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Lindström, Björn
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Esteves, Francisco
    ISCTE/Lisbon University Institute, Lisbon, Portugal.
    Evolutionary derived modulations of attention to two common fear stimuli: Serpents and hostile humans2012In: Journal of Cognitive Psychology, ISSN 2044-5911, E-ISSN 2044-592X, Vol. 24, p. 17-32Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we present an evolutionary analysis of attention to stimuli that are threatening from an evolutionary perspective, such as angry faces and snakes. We review data showing that angry, photographically depicted angry faces are more rapidly detected than happy faces in a visual search setting provided that they are male and that distractors are redundant in the sense that they are drawn from a small set of faces. Following Isbell's (2009) novel Snake Detection Theory, we predicted that snakes, as the prototypical predators, should be more rapidly detected than spiders, given that spiders have provided less of a predatory threat for primates. We review a series of experiments from our laboratory showing that snakes indeed are more rapidly detected than spiders provided that the target stimuli are presented in a demanding visual context, such as many distractor stimuli, or in peripheral vision. Furthermore, they are more distracting than spiders on the performance of a primary attention task. Because snakes were not affected by perceptual load, whereas spiders followed the usual rule of better detection with low perceptual load, we concluded that attending to snakes might constitute an evolutionary adaptation.

  • 25366.
    Öhman, Arne
    et al.
    Karolinska institutet.
    Sundin, Örjan
    Emotional factors in cardiovascular disorder1995In: Current Opinion in Psychiatry, ISSN 0951-7367, E-ISSN 1473-6578, Vol. 8, p. 410-413Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 25367.
    Öhman, Arne
    et al.
    Karolinska institutet.
    Sundin, Örjan
    Stress, hjerteinfarkt og type A-atferd. (Stress, myocardial infarction and type A behavior.)1991In: Diskriminanten, ISSN 0801-0536, Vol. 18, p. 23-36Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 25368.
    Öhman, Felicia
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Jonsson, Karolina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Gymnasiestudenters uppfattningar om allvarlighetsgraden i partnervåld2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Partnervåld är ett fenomen som leder till allvarliga konsekvenser både påindivid- och samhällsnivå. Prevalensen för partnervåld har visat sig vara lika stor blandbåde kvinnor och män. Det finns indikationer på att våld som begås av en man gentemoten kvinna inom en heterosexuell relation uppfattas som mer allvarligt än våld som begåsav en kvinna gentemot en man. Syfte: Dels att analysera huruvida gymnasiestudentersuppfattningar om allvarlighetsgraden i partnervåld i en heterosexuell relation skiljer sigåt beroende på offrets kön, och dels att analysera huruvida det finns skillnader i hurkvinnliga och manliga gymnasiestudenter uppfattar allvarlighetsgraden i enpartnervåldssituation. Metod: En enkät utformades i två versioner bestående av enfallbeskrivning som skildrade ett partnervåldsscenario inom en heterosexuell relation.Fallbeskrivningarna var identiska bortsett från att offrets kön manipulerades. Enkätendistribuerades till totalt 201 gymnasieelever i årskurs tre. Resultat: Respondenternauppfattade det som allvarligare att bruka våld gentemot ett kvinnligt offer i jämförelsemed ett manligt offer för partnervåld. Kvinnliga respondenter var mer benägna attuppfatta situationen som allvarlig än manliga respondenter, oberoende om offret var enkvinna eller en man. Diskussion: Skillnader i uppfattningar om allvarlighetsgrad kanhärledas till de socialt konstruerade könsroller som existerar i dagens samhälle, där mänexempelvis förväntas vara mer toleranta gentemot våld. Skillnader i hurallvarlighetsgraden i partnervåld uppfattas beroende på om offret är en kvinna eller enman kan leda till allvarliga konsekvenser för offret. För att undvika denna problematikär det eftersträvansvärt att uppmärksamma detta och öka medvetenheten om attpartnervåld är lika allvarligt oberoende vilket kön den som utsätts har.

  • 25369. Öhman, Fredrik
    et al.
    Theliander, Hans
    Norgren, Magnus
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Tomani, Per
    Axegård, Peter
    Method for separating lignin from a lignin containing liquid/slurry (Patent application WO2006038863)2011Patent (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 25370.
    Öhman, Gerth
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Idé och innovation2012Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Present thesis is to deepen the current knowledge about the concept and development of ideas of innovators and the potential small businesses in rural areas has to adopt innovation and new technology. The thesis is limited tostudying the process itself and the progression from concept and development of ideas for invention and innovation to market and customer. The research questions include: What motivates an inventor to innovate? Howto practice innovation in small companies? How are innovators approach toproblem solving? What opportunities exist for small businesses in rural areas toadopt innovations and new technologies? The thesis also discusses on the one hand innovators approaches to motivationand attitude and on the other hand, how ideas are selected and then developed inthe process and progression in the author via the invention to market andcustomer innovation. In the present thesis has been both quantitative andqualitative approach, based on behavioural research.Important conclusions from this thesis is: that the innovation process should bedeleted and recorded by the (basic) idea and author; innovator must remain in thedevelopment of ideas with complementary and alternative ideas, innovationprocess, the progression from idea to innovation should be based on a “bottom up” perspective, where the patent law “previous user rights” supports innovatorsinvolvement in the process and progression

  • 25371.
    Öhman, Gerth
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Sandberg, Karl W
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    A phenomenological study of innovators attitude to creative problem solving2009In: The 17th World Congress on  Ergonomics, IEA, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25372.
    Öhman, Gerth
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Sandberg, Karl W
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Inventor motivations to go from idea to innovation?2011In: Ergonomis for all: Celebrating PPCOE's 20 Years of Excellence - Selected Papers of the Pan-Pacific Conference on Ergonomics, PPCOE 2010 / [ed] An-Hsiang Wang, CRC Press, 2011, p. 461-464Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of present paper is to describe the motivations that underlie the choices made by inventors in the development of their technologies. These classifications can help managers of innovation programs direct sparse resources to inventors with the greatest probability of commercial success. The categorisation of motivation to go from idea to innovation and commercialisation of new technologies is presented for inventors for the small business in rural area of Sweden. The main results showed least eight different inventor motivations.

  • 25373. Öhman, M.
    et al.
    Söderberg, Siv
    District nursing - Sharing an understanding by being present. Experiences of encounters with people with serious chronic illness and their close relatives in their homes2004In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 13, no 7, p. 858-866Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. In the homecare setting, district nurses assume a heavy responsibility and are involved in a variety of care activities. They view themselves as having a central role in care at home that centres on the development of a relationship with those who are ill and their families. Aim. The aim of this study was to elucidate the meaning of district nurses experiences of encounters with people with serious chronic illness and their close relatives in their homes. A purposive sample of 10 district nurses (female) was interviewed using a narrative approach. Method. To achieve the aim, a phenomenological hermeneutic interpretation inspired by the philosophy of Ricoeur was used to interpret the interview text. Results. This study proposes that district nurses' experiences of encounters with people with serious chronic illness and their close relatives in their homes can be understood as district nurses being welcomed into the ill people's privacy, to share their intimacy and their understanding of being ill. This close relationship enables them to alleviate and to console the suffering and loneliness caused by illness. This is expressed in the three themes: being in a close relationship, sharing an understanding and weaving a web of protection. Conclusion. It seems that by being entirely present, in a close relationship, district nurses share the experiences of illness and through interpretation of the whole persons' expressions; they share an understanding of this illness experience. In this close relationship, at the home of the ill people and their close relatives, district nurses are available to alleviate people's suffering and loneliness caused by illness. Relevance to clinical practice. This study reveals the need to be entirely present in encounters between the district nurses and people with serious chronic illness and their close relatives. This relation makes it possible to establish a shared understanding of the illness experience. Being aware of the importance of this shared understanding within a relationship, will increase the health care personnel's possibility to alleviate and console those suffering of illness. This proposed interpretation could be useful for reflection of care interventions, in education and supervision of district nurses.

  • 25374. Öhman, M.
    et al.
    Söderberg, Siv
    The experiences of close relatives living with a person with serious chronic illness2004In: Qualitative Health Research, ISSN 1049-7323, E-ISSN 1552-7557, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 396-410Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Living with serious chronic illness has a directly threatening effect on the life course of healthy relatives. The aim of this study was to elucidate the meaning of close relatives' experiences of living with a person with serious, chronic illness. Using a narrative approach, the authors interviewed 13 spouses and 1 daughter about the meaning of their experiences. They used a phenomenological hermeneutic method to interpret the interview text. The structural analysis revealed three major themes: A Shrinking Life, Forced to Take Responsibility, and Struggling to Keep Going. Close relatives in this study seemed to be living lives characterized by a reduced sense of individual freedom and an increased sense of responsibility for the care of the ill person. It means struggling to obtain the strength to manage their duty and an inner sense of community and of solidarity. The authors interpret the findings in the light of the works of philosophers who have described ethical demands and natural love between people. © 2004 Sage Publications.

  • 25375. Öhman, M.
    et al.
    Söderberg, Siv
    Lundman, B.
    Hovering between suffering and enduring: The meaning of living with serious chronic illness2003In: Qualitative Health Research, ISSN 1049-7323, E-ISSN 1552-7557, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 528-542Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Illness is part of life and hence always has a place in a life history. All that went on before the time of the illness, how life was in the past and what hopes and dreams were interrupted and changed, all influence the experiences of illness. The authors interviewed 5 women and 5 men with different kinds of serious chronic illnesses and used phenomenological hermeneutic method to interpret the transcribed interviews. They present the findings in three major themes: experiencing the body as a hindrance, being alone in illness, and struggling for normalcy. Participants seemed to hover between an escape from the emotional suffering pain of illness and the emotionless state of enduring. The comprehensive understanding illuminated that living with a serious chronic illness means living a life that is hovering between enduring and suffering but also including the process of reformulation of the self. © 2003 Sage Publications.

  • 25376.
    Öhman, Natalie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Stress i vardagen: Mammor och pappors upplevelse av stress i relation till föräldraskap och hemarbete2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet är att undersöka upplevelsen av stress i relation till föräldraskap och hemarbete hos mammor och pappor med barn i förskoleåldern. Slutligen vill jag se om de faktorer som bidrar till stressen samt uttryck och hantering av stressen skiljer sig åt mot tidigare forskning, samt analysera och diskutera resultaten utifrån genusperspektivet. Studien hade en fenomenografisk ansats vilket innebär att individers uppfattning om sin omvärld fångades upp, och studien genomfördes med en kvalitativ metod. Det empiriska underlaget i studien inhämtades via semistrukturerade intervjuer, där fyra respondenter valdes ut, två kvinnor respektive två män.

    Resultatet visade att det fanns likheter och skillnader mellan respondenterna i upplevelsen av vilka faktorer som bidrog till stressen, samt hur de uttryckte och hanterade stressen. Utbildning i stress var något som respondenterna inte hade kommit i kontakt med via skolväsendet eller hälso- och sjukvården.

  • 25377.
    ֖hman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Den problematiska revisionen2016In: Organisation & Samhälle, ISSN 2001-9114, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 26-31Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 25378.
    Öhman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Långsiktigt värdeskapande2017In: Hållbarhetens många ansikten: samtal, forskning och fantasier / [ed] Edith Andresen, Gustav Lidén, Sara Nyhlén, Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University , 2017, p. 135-135Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25379.
    Öhman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Mer information i revisionsberättelsen: ett senfärdigt steg i rätt riktning2007In: Balans, ISSN 0346-8208, Vol. 33, no 12, p. 6-7Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 25380.
    Öhman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Motstridiga intressen hot mot revisionens möjligheter2007In: Balans, ISSN 0346-8208, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 41-43Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 25381.
    Öhman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Nystartade bolags intresse för revision efter revisionspliktens avskaffande2013Report (Other academic)
  • 25382.
    Öhman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Performance auditing in the public sector2014In: Public sector accounting / [ed] Budding, T., Grossi, G. and Tagesson, T., London: Routledge, 2014, p. 177-189Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 25383.
    Öhman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Perspektiv på revision: tankemönster, förväntningsgap och dilemman2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Auditing is an important activity in today’s society and is characterised by several dilemmas. The assumption underlying this thesis is that auditing is influenced in prac-tice by the thought patterns of auditors. These patterns are shaped in an environment that is both regulated and self-regulated. The purpose of the thesis is to describe, analyse and compare the thought patterns of Swedish auditors and important stake-holders with regard to the way in which auditors audit information provided by listed companies and how they make statements about this information. The purpose is also to make some suggestions about how the auditing activity can be modified in order to reduce conflicting interests. The methodological approach combines the use of the repertory grid technique and open-ended interview questions. Interviews were carried out with 82 auditors and 73 stakeholders. To validate the findings, four focus groups, consisting of auditors, investors and creditors, were consulted.

    The findings indicate that auditors devote a relatively large amount of time and considerable effort to objects that can be verified satisfactorily, but not to objects that they perceive as being of primary importance to investors and creditors. A similar gap is found in the thought patterns of investors and creditors. Moreover, several expec-tation gaps are found, in particular regarding auditors’ statements. On the one hand, the auditors studied were reluctant to make statements about any other information than information obtained according to current practice; on the other hand, the inves-tors and creditors expressed a need for additional information about the outcome of the audit and the choice of auditing objects.

    The concluding suggestions concern measures that can reduce the discrepancies identi-fied, including (i) the introduction of a mandatory primary audit and a market-oriented secondary audit, (ii) extended information about the outcome of the audit and the choice of auditing objects that will benefit the stakeholders, (iii) a somewhat less expo-sed position of the auditors, and (iv) the importance of a changed balance of power in the auditing arena and the need for an integrated and dynamic approach to auditing.

    Keywords: auditing, accounting information, auditors, stakeholders, agency theory, thought patterns, expectation gap, repertory grid.

  • 25384.
    Öhman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Reflektioner, slutsatser och utblickar2015In: Trovärdighet och förtroende i ekonomiska relationer / [ed] Öhman, Peter och Lundberg, Heléne, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2015, 1, p. 239-250Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 25385.
    Öhman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Revisionen når inte sin potential. 2006In: Intern revision, ISSN 1401-8950, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 30-31Article in journal (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 25386.
    Öhman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Revisorers fortlevnadsbedömningar2015Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 25387.
    Öhman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Revisorers perspektiv på revision: En fråga om att följa upptrampade stigar2004Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 25388.
    Öhman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Särskilda utmaningar för revisorer, fastighetsvärderare och andra yrkesverksamma med dubbla lojaliteter2015In: Trovärdighet och förtroende i ekonomiska relationer / [ed] Öhman, Peter och Lundberg, Heléne, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2015, 1, p. 55-74Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 25389.
    Öhman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    The behavioral impact of external and internal factors on SME loan assessments2017In: Bank Regulation: Effects on Strategy, Financial Accounting and Management Control, Routledge, 2017, p. 334-354Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25390.
    Öhman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    The impact of increased regulation on bank loan assessments2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25391.
    Öhman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Är det viktigare för revisorer att göra saker rätt än att göra rätt saker?2005In: Uppdrag revision: revisorsprofessionen i takt med förväntningarn, Stockholm: SNS förlag, 2005, p. 61-79Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25392.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Carrington, Thomas
    Uppsala universitet.
    Johansson, Tobias
    Örebro universitet.
    Johed, Gustav
    Stockholms universitet.
    Professionalism och kommersialism bland revisorer2014Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 25393.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Giritli Nygren, Katarina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Hörnberg, Elias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Lidén, Gustav
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Nyhlén, Sara
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Sjöberg, Ida
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Wahlberg, Olof
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Förstärkt stadsmiljö i Sundvall2017Report (Other academic)
  • 25394.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Grönlund, Anders
    Stockholms universitet.
    Skærbæk, Peter
    Handelshöjskolen i Köbenhavn.
    Montgomery, Pia
    Stockholms universitet.
    Svärdsten, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet.
    Riksrevisionen - effektivitetens, rättssäkerhetens och demokratins väktare. En studie av effektivitetsrevisioner 2003 – 2007.2008Report (Other academic)
  • 25395.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Grönlund, Anders
    Svärdsten, Fredrik
    Svensk effektivitetsrevision i Riksrevisionens regi2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta projekt, som Peter Öhman vid CER bedrivit i samarbete med forskare från Stockholms universitet, visar att Riksrevisionen har valt en något udda inriktning på svensk effektivitets-revision. Rapporten sammanfattar de resultat som tidigare publicerats i akademirapporten "Riksrevisionen – effektivitetens, rättssäkerhetens och demokratins väktare" (Skærbæk, Öhman, Montgomery, Svärdsten och Grönlund, 2008) och i den internationella tidskriftsartikeln "Value for money and the rule of law: The (new) performance audit in Sweden" (Grönlund, Svärdsten och Öhman, 2011). Forskningsresultaten låg även till grund för förslaget i Riksrevisionsutredningen 2009 om en ny inriktning på svensk effektivitetsrevision.

  • 25396.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Häckner, Einar
    Jansson, Anna-Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Tschudi, Finn
    Accountability from auditor perspectives2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25397.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Häckner, Einar
    Jansson, Anna-Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Tschudi, Finn
    Auditor perspectives on auditing issues - anempirical study2003Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 25398.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Häckner, Einar
    Jansson, Anna-Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Tschudi, Finn
    Auditors on auditing2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25399.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Häckner, Einar
    Jansson, Anna-Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Tschudi, Finn
    Swedish auditors' view of auditing: Doing things right versus doing the right things2006In: European Accounting Review, ISSN 0963-8180, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 89-114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to describe and analyse the thought patterns of Swedish auditors with regard to the way in which they audit information provided by listed companies, and possible changes in their duties. Eighty-two auditors were interviewed using the repertory grid technique and open-ended interview questions. To check the stability in the thought patterns of the respondents, six retests were made and, to validate the findings, an expert panel and two reference groups consisting of auditors and other representatives of the accounting and auditing professions were consulted. Distinct patterns emerged in the mean grid of the thought patterns of all the respondents. One dimension was related to the time perspective, past versus future, and another to auditing practice. Auditors devote a relatively long time and considerable effort to objects that can be satisfactorily verified, but not to objects that they perceive as being of primary importance to investors and other stakeholders. This inconsistency in the thought patterns of the auditors is similar to the gap between auditing in practice and stakeholders' expectations of auditing, which is a phenomenon frequently found in previous research. Moreover, the auditors were very reluctant to make statements about any information except that elicited according to current practice. In addition to this traditional view, the auditors appear to be more concerned about their own situation than that of the parties they are meant to be protecting. Doing things right seems to be more important than doing the right things. That the auditors spend much time on objects that they themselves do not consider to be of primary importance for the investors and other stakeholders, and their unwillingness to change current practice is of great concern in Sweden, where there is a strong belief in self-regulation of the auditing profession.

  • 25400.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Häckner, Einar
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Sörbom, D
    Department of Statistics, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden .
    Client satisfaction and usefulness to external stakeholders from an audit client perspective2012In: Managerial Auditing Journal, ISSN 0268-6902, E-ISSN 1758-7735, Vol. 27, no 5, p. 477-499Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to develop, test, and improve a structural equation model (SEM) of client satisfaction with the audit, and of client perception of the usefulness of the audit to external stakeholders. Design/methodology/approach: A questionnaire was mailed to audit clients, i.e. managers of Swedish limited companies with 50 or more employees; 627 useable questionnaires were returned, giving a response rate of 43 percent. Data were processed using the SEM software LISREL. Findings: The data suggest that auditors face difficulties in handling divided loyalties, as audit clients perceive a strong relationship between client satisfaction and usefulness to external stakeholders. Signing auditor competence is positively and auditor skepticism negatively related to both client satisfaction and usefulness to external stakeholders. Research limitations/implications: The paper focuses solely on the auditor and audit team levels and uses a limited number of independent variables. Practical implications: The findings extend previous results, indicating that client relationships with both signing auditors and audit assistants affect client satisfaction positively, but have no significant connection with usefulness to external stakeholders. Consequently, it would be useful to consider organizing audit teams in which the various members have distinct roles. Originality/value: The study addresses an issue most auditing research has not explicitly considered: the distinction between client satisfaction with the audit and client perceptions of the usefulness of the audit to external stakeholders. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

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