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  • 25201.
    Åsberg, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Enhetschefens upplevelse av hälsofrämjande ledarskap - En kvalitativ studie inom primärvården/Landstinget i Mellansverige.2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25202.
    Åsberg, Mathias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Management and Mechanical Engineering.
    Kvantifiering av simulerat regn i vindtunnel2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The wind tunnel operated by Sport Tech Research Centres,   are a unique facility to conduct research on athletic practitioners and their   equipment. The advanced systems in the wind tunnel allows for research and   testing of materials and product in a realistic environment. Since the   construction of the wind tunnel a rain system was fitted. This system is not   measured for important factors and no knowledge of the simulated rainfall   properties or similarities to naturally occurring rain exists.

    The aim of this work was to perform measurements of   the existing rainfall system with regards to size and falls speed of the   droplets. The purpose was also to compare the measure rain properties to   scientific models describing natural rainfall. The goal of the work was to   get a foundation of the existing rain in the wind tunnel.

    The tests were performed with an optic disdrometer   that measured the falling water particles with a laser. The disdrometer   measured size and fall speed of the droplets. The tests were carried out on   different heights in the wind tunnel, the rain was also investigated at   varying water pressure and wind speeds.

    The result shows that the simulated rainfall had   lower speed relative to the measured drop size high in the tunnel. Fall speed   of droplets low in the tunnel showed more according to the model’s   description of a natural rain fall speed. Drop size distribution was shown   not to be consistent with natural rainfall. The distribution shows a higher   amount of large drops than is naturally occurring. Rainfall intensity was   measured to 62 mm/h as lowest which is very high compared to natural rain.   Based on these parameters the simulated rain is not a naturally occurring   rainfall.

  • 25203.
    Åsberg, Olivia
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Åkerlund, Anton
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Wiklander, Andreas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Terrorattentatet i Stockholm våren 2017 – En kommunikativ utmaning (En fallstudie av Stockholmspolisens kriskommunikation genom Facebook)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25204.
    Åsberg Rydberg, Marita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Education.
    Förutsättningar för kompetensutveckling inom förskolan!2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Förskolelärares kompetens är avgörande för barns lärande och utveckling vilket väckte mitt intressant att undersöka hur en förskolechef arbetar med kompetensutveckling till pedagoger. Syftet med studien är undersöka hur en förskolechef arbetar med kompetensutveckling till sina anställda pedagoger samt hur detta upplevs av pedagogerna. Studien har en kvalitativ ansats med fem semistrukturerade intervjuer. Resultatet visade att alla respondenter var positiva till kompetensutveckling, både förskolechefen och pedagogerna. Det framkom även att pedagogerna ville ha mer tid till kompetensutveckling utöver den tid de är tilldelade idag samt att alla pedagogerna var positiva till förskolechefens arbetssätt och metoder av genomförande för kompetensutveckling. Utifrån det sociokulturella perspektivet kan jag även utläsa att pedagogernas främsta tillgång i sitt arbete är sig själva med sina kompetenser i interaktion med barnen och sina kollegor.

  • 25205.
    Åsbom, Kim
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Institution of education.
    Stenmark, Jonas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Institution of education.
    En studie om förutsättningar för samverkan mellan skola och fritidslärare: Med utgångspunkt i lärares uppfattningar om samverkan och fritidslärares yrkeskompetens2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien har haft som mål att undersöka vilka förutsättningar som finns för samverkan mellan skola och fritidslärare under den obligatoriska skoldagen. Samverkan mellan fritidshem och skola har varit ett pågående projekt ända sedan sammanslagningen av dem i början av 90-talet och har sedan dess varit en del av många fritidslärares arbetsdag. Forskning på ämnet har gjorts men en del som ofta har saknats är lärarnas perspektiv. Studien utgår ifrån kvalitativa intervjuer med åtta yrkesaktiva lågstadielärare som har erfarenhet av samverkan med fritidslärare och intervjuerna har haft fokus på uppfattningar om samverkan och uppfattningar om fritidslärares yrkeskompetens. I resultatet framkommer bland annat en osäkerhet kring fritidslärarens yrkeskompetens samt uppfattningar om att skolans verksamhet gavs företräde och även om det gick att diskutera kring hur lärarnas uppfattningar kan påverka förutsättningarna för samverkan blev det svårt att dra några definitiva slutsatser.

  • 25206.
    Åsell, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Sustainable Building Engineering.
    Öhrman, Sofie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Sustainable Building Engineering.
    En fallstudie av LEVA Husfabrik med avseende på hållbarhetsaspekter: Kan ett hus från LEVA anses hållbart?2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable development is about the interaction between the three dimensions of sustainability; social, ecological and economic. Swedish Building Authority “Boverket”, has a vision for 2025, saying that all construction will be sustainable with a focus on quality of life, good health, conservation of resources and flexibility. All building construction and accommodation has impact on nature. A conscious choice of building materials and methods, can reduce the impact and promote sustainable construction.

     

    LEVA house factory is a manufacturer of pre-fabricated houses made of solid wood. The company has a stated will to make clear to the customer how their materials are doing regarding sustainability. This report is investigating the concept of sustainability, the company´s building materials and the material´s importance for a general customer. A house from LEVA is also compared to a traditional wooden house to identify differences regarding sustainability. Literature studies, interviews, and a web based survey are the basis for this report.

    Sustainability has turned out to be a complex concept and is difficult to assess. According to the aspects we have analyzed in the report, a LEVA house is considered a good product. The results from the survey shows that building materials is of great importance for many customers, but for most people not a decisive factor. The survey also shows that customers expect the construction company to make good choices regarding environmental aspects, rather than making the decisions themselves.

    The comparison shows that a LEVA house is better than a regular wooden house regarding aspects linked to social and ecological sustainability. A wooden house is considerably cheaper than a LEVA house, but as the price only is a part of the economic sustainability, the two houses are judged equally from an economic perspective.  The report presents improvement opportunities within building materials and eco labeling. 

  • 25207.
    Åsell, Daniel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities.
    Formen, funktionen och motivationen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25208.
    Åsell, Madelene
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Sustainable Building Engineering.
    Pettersson, Frida
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Sustainable Building Engineering.
    Olika systemlösningar vid utbyte eller förnyelse av enskilt avlopp: En jämförelse mellan biologisk och kemisk vattenrening2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden we nowadays have rules that determine how our individual sewage must be dimensioned considering out coming emissions. Nearly half of the 700 000 existing properties using individual sewage have a system that isn’t approved. In Sweden the individual sewage systems releases as much phosphorus as the communal wastewater treatment plants according to Havs- och vattenmyndigheten (Marine and Water Authority).

     

    The communal authority in Sweden has been entrusted to carry out extended control of the private sewage system in effort to inform the problems with what the insufficient of wastewater treatment entails and in pursuit of "sustainable development". In guidance for decisions about what applies to the individual property, the communal authority in Sweden has applied the manual by Naturvårdsverkets allmänna råd (NFS 2006:7) (Environmental Protection Agency's guidelines)

     

    The purpose of this report is to study various methods of purification of individual sewer systems. A comparison between a couple of different techniques in chemical and biological treatment is going to be studied. The issue we will addressed in this report are following: Which of biological- or chemical technology water purification is from a sustainability perspective, the best solution when replacing or renovation is taken place of an individual sewer systems;

     

    -        Which solution is most optimal where the normal level of protection required?

    -        Which solution is most optimal where the high level of protection required?

     

    This study has several methods and instrument used to achieve the high reliability of the collected data. Literature studies, surveys, interviews, correspondences and analysis of these are instruments that largely have been used in the implementation. The compilation of the results from the surveys is presented in a pie chart.

     

    In normal protection level, we believe that the infiltration is the most optimal solution.

    At the high level, we believe that the vertical flow constructed wetland in combination with a pond is the most optimal solution.

  • 25209.
    Åsell, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Design av flödesorienterad montagecell: Utvärdering av layout och materialförsörjning vid Emhart Glass AB2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Emhart Glass is the world’s leading manufacturer of equipment, controls and components to the glass container industry. The goal of this project has been to identify improvements and propose cost saving solutions when moving one of Emhart Glass work cells in Sundsvall. The changes shall result in improved work environment and increased product quality. The method contains value stream mapping, concept selection and P-FMEA and complies with Emhart Glass goal to become a more Lean focused business. The way of working with Lean Production is to systematically decrease waste and focus on value added activities. The improvements in the work environment areas consider physical, ergonomic and psychosocial aspects. Concepts for supply of material and assembly process were created from the results of the observation study and the value steam mapping. After evaluation of the concepts, kitting and assembly with one piece flow appears to be the most qualified concepts. Kitting and one piece flow leads to increased quality, improved work environment and reduced cycle time. Results from tests made with prototypes of assembly pallets gave valuable insights that helped refining the concepts. A risk analysis was made in form of aP-FMEA and it showed a critical failure mode that required action. Kitting was identified as a possible action to the critical failure mode, which strengthens the concept of kitting as a preferred method. The project also resulted in a layout which improves the work environment and renders the possibility of one piece flow assembly. In order to meet future requirements with decreased cycle times, Emhart Glass isrecommended to standardize kitting in pallets for all their work cells and develop their internal transport system with a time based truck transport process.

  • 25210.
    Åsengård, Marie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Sustainable Building Engineering.
    Icke värdeskapande moment inom prefabricering av trähus hos Storsjöhus AB:s husfabrik.: En fallstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Storsjöhus AB’s house factory is located in Pilgrimstad, approximately 30 km south of Östersund. They manufacture house- and building components made out of wood, to customers all over Sweden. Today the factory uses two production lines where they produce mainly wall elements. By remodeling- and extending the factory, the production can be increased with another production line.

    The results of this study that are presented in this thesis have two purposes. One is to find out if there are any non-value creating moments within prefabrication of wall elements and how these can be prevented in buildings made out of wood at Storsjöhus AB. The other purpose is, from a Lean perspective, to give an example of how to configure the new extended factory and at the same time minimize non-value creating moments in the production.

     

    Some of the non-value creating moments could be identified through observations. From the result and literature studies a proposition of a new extension to the factory have been developed, including suggestions for improvement, which are presented in this thesis. Some of the suggested improvements are combined with investments, some suggestions have a small or no impact on the finances. The goal with the proposed improvements is to reduce non-necessary waste and facilitate the work for the staff. One of the suggested improvements that have been proposed is to label the elements in a more efficient way before they are sent further on in the production. With some small modifications to the planned extension, it can be planned from a Lean perspective, and different kind of waste in the production can be reduced.

    This thesis only brings up the production of wall elements and the outdoor environmental of the factory. No consideration have been taken to costs for changes and extension of the building.

  • 25211.
    Åsenstam, Annica
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Institution of education.
    Fritidens Pedagog: En kvalitativ studie av fritidspedagogers uppfattning av en meningsfull fritid2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie syftar till att problematisera uttrycket en meningsfull fritid inom fritidshemsverksamheten utifrån tidigare forskning och fritidspedagogers uppfattningar av detta fenomen. Den empiriska undersökningen består av intervjuer med fem fritidspedagoger som berättat om sin uppfattning av en meningsfull fritid. Vid intervjuerna framkom såväl förutsättningar som hinder för att en meningsfull fritid ska kunna erbjudas på fritidshemmet. En meningsfull fritid är enligt fritidspedagogernas utsagor synonymt med upplevelser och aktivt handlande som i olika grad involverar både barn och pedagog.Resultatet pekar mot att hindren som fritidspedagogerna talat om leder till en annan form av fritidsutövande än den som fritidspedagogerna förespråkat. Ett hinder i form av för stora barngrupper innebär att fritidshemmets barn till en alltför stor del erbjuds en fritid utan pedagogernas medverkan eller någon pedagogisk tanke.

  • 25212.
    Åsgård, Cecilia
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Vindkraft på Åland. Möjligheter för en övergripande planering.2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25213.
    Åsholm, Emma
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Främjande faktorer i samverkansarbete på familjecentral En kvalitativ studie utifrån fyra förskollärares upplevelser2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 210 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    ABSTRACT: Föreliggande uppsats ämnar belysa fyra förskollärares upplevelser av samverkan på fyra familjecentraler där de arbetar. Studien har en kvalitativ ansats med ett hermeneutiskt perspektiv och omfattar fyra semistrukturerade intervjuer. Resultatet kom att visa att upplevelsen av samverkan var god, samtidigt som intervjupersonerna delger att samverkan alltid kan förbättras. För att uppnå gott samverkansarbete bör både främjande samt hämmande faktorer beaktas i diskussion.

  • 25214.
    Åslin, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Hur påverkar fysisk aktivitet och massage äldre människors psykiska hälsa och välbefinnande2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Äldre människor har statistiskt visat sig vara en utsatt grupp för psykisk ohälsa och försämrad livskvalité. Låg dos av fysisk aktivitet har rapporterats försämra självupplevd livskvalité och hälsa, medans regelbunden fysisk aktivitet har visat sig stärka detta samband. Massage har belägg för att vara ett kraftfullt verktyg mot stress och oro samt delvis kunna stärka självkänsla och självförtroende. Denna studie syftade till att undersöka om massage och fysisk aktivitet kan förbättra äldre människors självupplevda hälsa. Försökspersoner (n=13) från Östersunds kommun med olika hälsostatus rekryterades för 6 veckors intervention av en kombination av styrketräning och massage. Metodintegration användes, således kvalitativ samt en kvantitativ ansats, där två frågeformulär samt 5 frågor användes för att mäta självskattad livskvalité och hälsa. Resultatet från studien visade att fysisk aktivitet och massage inte förbättrade självskattningen av hälsa och livskvalité hos äldre människor. Detta kan bero på en begränsad mängd fysisk aktivitet, som var under de fysiska rekommendationerna förbättrade inte självskattningen av hälsa och livskvalité. Den fysisk aktivitet som utförs bör följa givna rekommendationer och objektivt mäta hur mycket fysisk aktivitet som genomförs.

  • 25215.
    Åslin, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    “The development of a new reactive agility test for soccer”2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Fotboll är en intermittent sport med både offensiva och defensiva aktioner som kräver ett flertal höghastighetsrörelser (sprint, vändningar) som respons till yttre stimuli vilket betonar betydelsen av att träna och testa agility (kvickhet). Syfte med denna studie var att a) konstruera ett nytt fotbollspecifikt reaktivt agility-test, b) utvärdera reliabiliteten och validiteten av de nya testerna och c) undersöka eventuellt samband mellan fysiska egenskaper (snabbhet, effektutveckling/explosivitet, styrka) och snabbhetstest med riktningsförändringar (CODS) och förmåga till reaktiv agility (RA). Tjugo unga manliga fotbollsspelare (ålder: 17,0 ± 0,9 år; kroppslängd: 1,81 ± 0,03 m; kroppsvikt: 70,0 ± 7,4 kg; kroppsfett 11,3 ± 2,0 %) delades upp i två grupper (10 spelare per grupp) baserat på ålder och fotbollsprestation (U17 & U19). Reliabilitetsdata visade hög tillförlitlighet för de båda CODS och RA-testerna (ICC-koefficienter 0,92 och 0,70-0,88). Within-subject variabiliteten hade en variationsvidd emellan 3,6–5,8 %. Ett moderat samband mellan CODS och RA-protokollen indikerar på en låg samhörighet. Regressionsanalyserna visade att de testade fysiska kvaliteterna inte kunde användas för att förutsäga resultaten i CODS och/eller de andra RA-testerna. Oberoende t-test visade att den högre rankade gruppen var bättre i både CODS och två andra RA-tester. Sammanfattningsvis, påvisade de nykonstruerande testerna god reliabilitet och validitet för test av unga fotbollsspelare. I tillägg, visade sig CODS och RA vara två oberoende kvaliteter och bör tränas och testat separat.

  • 25216.
    Åslin, Per
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Chemical Engineering.
    Kartläggning av energiförbrukning genom transmissions- och ventilationsberäkning: En undersökning av energiförbrukningen hos en kontorsbyggnad2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The European Union has set a target of energy consumption in Europe to be reduced by 20 % to the year 2020. Energy use in buildings accounts for a large share of the energy consumption. The majority of the buildings that will be in use 2020 already exist and therefore the energy efficiency of existing buildings is of great importance. The target of this report was to identify the energy consumption for a building in Sundsvall and that the result then will form a base for future decisions. The building was built in 1969 and has since then been through a number of changes to improve the building envelope. The building has an area of 5000 square meter and today 1000 square meter are unused. The report was compiled using literature, construction drawings, site visits, transmission calculations and ventilation calculation. In 2013, the building consumed 741 MWh of which 221 MWh was registered by electricity meters. Transmission- and ventilation calculations were performed in order to derive the unknown consumption. The result showed that the heating system of the building in 2013 consumed 390 MWh. The use of operational electricity in the offices was calculated to 150 MWh. The calculation of transmission also showed that the building's floor and roof, and the windows on the 3rd floor have large heat losses. The report therefore recommends an additional insulation of the roof and an improvement of the windows on 3rd floor. The investigation of new energy sources showed that an installation of geothermal heating is the best investment. Geothermal heating can reduce the annual heating costs with 300 000 kr and the pay-off is calculated to 4 years.

  • 25217.
    Åslin, Pontus
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Westerstråhle-Sjölin, Emeli
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Den nyexaminerade sjuksköterskans upplevelser att vara ny på jobbet- En litteraturöversikt.2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25218.
    Åslund, Andreas
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Åman, Lucas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Kvalitet i CSR-rapportering2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Corporate social responsibility has during the last 20 years grown significantly and plays an important role in companies efforts to reach out to stakeholders and provide information about their social responsibility. Today there are no rules for what the reports should contain which in some places has created questioning about its reliability and the quality of the content is not always a priority to the companies. This study has been interested in the quality of the reports defined by six components. The aim was to analyze whether there is a connection between the quality and EPS. This was tested in a structural equation model where the study´s independent variables age, media exposure and cash flow was included. An underlying aim was to analyze if there are quality differences between reports provided by European and US companies and if the quality is different between quality assured and non-quality assured reports. The study sample consisted of 179 companies spread across 67 European and 112 American. The results show a significant positive correlation between quality and EPS and age and media exposure are positively and significantly related to quality. European companies have higher quality intheir reports than US companies but there is nothing to suggest that quality assured reports have higher quality than non-quality assured reports.

  • 25219.
    Åslund, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Technology and Management, Mechanical Engineering and Mathematics.
    Taking a system view on customer value creation2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Quality Management and Total Quality Management (TQM) customer focus and customer value creation is of importance and in organisations it is of high priority. Quality Management has had an internal focus when it comes to customer value creation but in the 21st century there is a need for an outward orientation and to go beyond the organisational borders. Also an increasing interest in social, societal and environmental issues can be seen, for instance by customers, organisations, quality awards and within the quality area. An area that considers these issues is the societal entrepreneurial sector.

     

    The purpose of this thesis has been to contribute to the knowledge and understanding about customer value creation from a system view. Additionally the purpose has been to contribute to the development of Quality Management. In order to fulfil the purpose, case studies have been performed. Cases within the societal entrepreneurial area have been studied and seven studies have been performed. Data have been collected through interviews, direct observations, participating observations and documents. All data have been collected empirically except in one study where a literature case study was used. The data were analysed through tools such as process mapping, attribute value mapping and rich picture process maps combined with analytical methods for case study research. The research journey started out from TQM and an internal perspective on customer value creation. As the studies went on, the system borders became wider as other areas important to customer value creation were identified: the customer value creating system went from an internal perspective to include an external perspective. 

     

    The findings contribute to earlier research findings and give a comprehensive and simplified picture of a complex phenomenon and an opportunity to understand customer value creation from a system view. This thesis provides an overall map of the customer value creating system. Additionally it contributes to the development of Quality Management by expanding the view on customer value creation to include both an internal and an external oriented perspective. It also contributes by suggesting a fifth step in the quality management movement ´System Quality Management´ that considers social, societal and environmental factors through continuous improvement before, during and after value creation for customers. Further it contributes with a developed view on customers and the concept of customer value creation.

     

    The overall map provided includes three areas.

    1. Growth and development of societal entrepreneurial initiatives. The result shows important components for the creation of societal value based on the growth and development of societal entrepreneurial initiatives. Included are the processes, input and output important for societal value creation from unidentified needs until societal value can be delivered, management process and support process fields.

    2.  Customer value creation in the customer sphere.  Customer value has been found to be created beyond the use or purchase of a product or service. Value has also been found to be created for those that are not in direct contact with an initiative or its product or service. Customer value has been found to spread into society like ripples in a complex system of value creation. And Value Ripple Logic has been developed to describe this phenomenon.

    3. Management role in customer value creation. The management’s role in value creation has been found to be of importance in the creation of customer value in an indirect way through interaction with the surroundings and the initiative.  Factors and behaviours have been found which are connected to the leaders and their essential management processes along with their input and output.

       

    The findings presented in this thesis have considerable potential for development. Further studies need to be done within the area concerning how customer value is created and to achieve an even more comprehensive picture of the customer value creating system and the suggested fifth step. The results presented in this thesis are a contribution to the knowledge and understanding about customer value creation from a system view and the development of the Quality Management.

  • 25220.
    Åslund, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Technology and Management, Mechanical Engineering and Mathematics.
    Value creation within societal entrepreneurship: a process perspective2013Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Social entrepreneurship is given considerable attention within literature and

    academic research despite that fact it is an area that needs considerable attention

    and research. The main purpose for societal entrepreneurs is to create societal

    value but there can be difficulties to understand value creation within the area.

    Important components within Total Quality Management (TQM) are process

    orientation and value creation. A TQM perspective with processes in focus

    provides opportunities to clarify societal value creation within societal

    entrepreneurship initiatives.

    The main purpose of this thesis has been to explore how societal value is created

    within the area of societal entrepreneurship and the underlying purpose has been

    to contribute to the development of knowledge and understanding about the

    societal entrepreneurship area. In order to fulfil the purpose one literature case

    study and three empirical case studies have been conducted with processes in

    focus. The literature case study was conducted first and it resulted in a theoretical

    process map based on a process perspective, which showed how societal value was

    created within a societal entrepreneurship initiative. After that the three empirical

    case studies were conducted separately and the findings from the empirical case

    studies were compared with the previously developed theoretical process map. A

    cross case analysis was made to find out if the process map could be confirmed,

    developed or rejected.

    The result of the case studies contributes to earlier findings within research and

    gives a common, comprehensive and simplified picture of a complex phenomenon

    and an opportunity to understand how societal value is created. A general overall

    process map is presented that gives a picture of how value is created within the

    area of societal entrepreneurship. The result shows the management process and

    support process fields. The map also shows a main process that is further

    developed with input, output and sub processes. The studies point out that societal

    value is created through processes and that societal value creation can be described

    out of a process orientation perspective. Important components to create societal

    value have been found to be: 'unidentified needs'; 'knowledge about the context';

    'identified need'; 'an idea or a vision'; and some kind of 'organization' and

    important activities to create value seem to be: 'being in the context'; 'analysis of

    knowledge'; 'searching for solution'; 'organize and mobilize'; and 'realize'. Fields

    where support processes are performed that are of importance in societal value

    creation have been identified. Those fields are 'creation of financing opportunities';

    'performance of political decisions and acts'; 'development and use of networks';

    'establishment of initiative'; 'creation of media information'; 'development and use

    of scientific results'; and 'development and use of competence'.

    The map does have potential for development. Further studies need to be done

    within the area concerning how societal value is created and to get an even more

    comprehensive process map of the societal entrepreneurship area but the result

    presented in this thesis is a start to understanding how societal value is created and

    to develop knowledge and understanding of the societal entrepreneurship area.

  • 25221.
    Åslund, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Bäckström, Ingela
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    A process towards societal value within a community-based regional development project2012In: Proceedings of the 15th QMOD-ICQSS conference / [ed] S. Dahlgaard-Park, J. Dahlgaard, A. Hamrol, Poznan, Poland: Comprint , 2012, , p. 13Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to study and describe the processes of a community-based area development project and to compare it with a previously developed process map of societal entrepreneurship. The purpose is also to verify the process map.

    Methodology/Approach - Observation and participating studies has been conducted at workshops carried out within the development project, the purpose of which is to create societal value. Data concerning the project have been collected, including an interview with the project leader. These data have been analyzed and compared with the previously developed process map, the illustration of the societal entrepreneurship process in order to verify the societal entrepreneurship process and to achieve a deeper understanding of the processes within societal entrepreneurship. 

    Findings – The processes, activities and tasks of a community-based area development project are described. It seems as if the main process has been used three times and a model that illustrated this is presented.  The earlier developed process map has been verified.

    Value - The description of the area development project can help other communities to plan development projects. The illustration of the societal entrepreneurship process can be valuable for societal entrepreneurs who are planning a societal value initiative in some form. It can also be valuable for decision-makers and stakeholders who can contribute to, are concerned with, or may be affected by societal entrepreneurship. 

  • 25222.
    Åslund, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Bäckström, Ingela
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    A process towards societal value within a community-based regional development project2012In: Quality Innovation Prosperity, ISSN 1335-1745, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 71-83Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Processes, activities and tasks of a community-based area development project are described. The main process has been used three times and a model is presented.  An earlier developed process map has been verified. The description of the project can help other communities to plan development projects. The illustration can be valuable for entrepreneurs who are planning a societal value initiative and for decision-makers and stakeholders who can contribute to, are concerned with, or may be affected by societal entrepreneurship. Observation, participating studies, dokumentations and an interview with the project leader has been carried out. Data have been analyzed and compared with the previously developed process map to achieve a deeper understanding of the processes within societal entrepreneurship. The purpose was to study and describe the processes of a community-based area development project and to compare it with a previously developed process map and to verify the process map.

  • 25223.
    Åslund, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Technology and Management, Mechanical Engineering and Mathematics.
    Bäckström, Ingela
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Technology and Management, Mechanical Engineering and Mathematics.
    Creation of value to the society: a process map of the societal entrepreneurship area2015In: Total Quality Management and Business Excellence, ISSN 1478-3363, E-ISSN 1478-3371, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 385-399Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Both science and those active within the societal entrepreneurship area need further knowledge and understanding about the phenomenon. By identifying and mapping out processes within societal entrepreneurship, opportunities to create knowledge and understanding are created. The purpose of this study has been to empirically study processes within societal entrepreneurship initiatives and compare them with a theoretical process map. The purpose has also been to confirm and develop this map. Three cases of societal entrepreneurship have been studied. Several data sources have been used to find activities and tasks within the initiatives. These have then been analysed using the process map. The empirical studies have confirmed and developed the theoretical process map that shows how societal value is crated within societal entrepreneurship. A process map of the societal entrepreneurship area that seems to cover general principles is presented.

  • 25224.
    Åslund, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Technology and Management, Mechanical Engineering and Mathematics.
    Bäckström, Ingela
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Technology and Management, Mechanical Engineering and Mathematics.
    Factors and leadership behaviours in successful societal entrepreneurships that contribute to customer value2014In: 17th QMOD-ICQSS Conference on Quality and Service Science in Prague, Czech Republic: Entering the Experience Economy –from product quality to experience quality / [ed] Su Mi Dahlgaard - Park & Jens J. Dahlgaard,, Prague: Lund University Library Press , 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to study successful leaders in societal entrepreneurships from a Quality Management perspective. The underlying purpose is to identify factors and leadership behaviours that contribute to the successful creation of customer value.Methodology: The research started with a literature review focusing on leadership within Quality Management. Two successful societal entrepreneurs were then studied to identify factors and behaviours that contribute to value creation. The identified factors and behaviours were then compared with each other.Findings: The results presented in this paper describe the leadership behaviours and factors of successful societal entrepreneurs that have been showed to create customer value. The results show that leaders need to focus on factors and behaviours connected to their co-workers, their organizations, their surroundings and their customers; but they also have to be aware of how they are and act to be able to successfully create customer value.Value of paper: By learning from societal entrepreneurs and their leadership behaviours, leaders within Quality Management could learn to increase customer value and be more adaptable to future demands.

  • 25225.
    Åslund, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Technology and Management, Mechanical Engineering and Mathematics.
    Bäckström, Ingela
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Technology and Management, Mechanical Engineering and Mathematics.
    Management and customer value creation – learning from successful societal entrepreneurs2016In: International Journal of Quality and Service Sciences, ISSN 1756-669X, E-ISSN 1756-6703Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to study management processes within successful Societal Entrepreneurship in order to further understand the role of management in customer value creation.

    Design/methodology/approach - management in three successful societal entrepreneurship initiatives that deliver societal value have been studied. Data have been collected through interviews, direct observation, participant observation and documentation. Management tasks, activities and behaviours have been identified and analysed to identify management processes and their input, output, main focus, drivers and relationship. The role of management in societal value creation has been analysed from a system view.

    Findings - The result presents essential management processes important for societal customer value creation, their input, output and main focus. Some management processes are inter-related and are sometimes part of another management process.  The management seem driven by ‘need’, ‘opportunity’, ‘interest’, and ‘demand’ when creating societal customer value. From a system perspective, management have an indirect role in societal customer value creation and are important for possibilities to create societal customer value. Both the initiative and the surroundings have been found to be of importance to the management’s scope for contributing to societal customer value creation.

    Originality/value – Studying successful societal entrepreneurial management and its role in customer value creation provides the possibility to understand and learn from management, its processes and role in societal customer value creation and how to successfully provide customer value to society and work with societal, environmental and sustainability issues.

    Article Classification: Case study

  • 25226.
    Åslund, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Technology and Management, Mechanical Engineering and Mathematics. Strömsunds Kommun.
    Bäckström, Ingela
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Technology and Management, Mechanical Engineering and Mathematics.
    Management processes and management’s role in customer value creation2017In: International Journal of Quality and Service Sciences, ISSN 1756-669X, E-ISSN 1756-6703, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 148-164Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this paper is to study management processes within successful societal entrepreneurship to further understand the role of management in customer value creation.

    Design/methodology/approach

    Management in three successful societal entrepreneurship initiatives has been studied. Data have been collected through interviews, direct observation, participant observation and documentation. Management tasks, activities and behaviours have been identified and analysed from a system view.

    Findings

    The result presents essential management processes important for societal customer value creation, their input, output and main focus. Some management processes are inter-related and are sometimes part of another management process. The management seems driven by “need”, “opportunity”, “interest” and “demand”, when creating societal customer value. From a system perspective, management has an indirect role in societal customer value creation and is important for possibilities to create societal customer value. Both the initiative and the surroundings have been found to be of importance to the management’s scope for contributing to societal customer value creation.

    Originality/value

    The study provides the possibility to understand and learn from management, the management processes and their role in societal customer value creation. Thereby, it describes how to successfully provide customer value to society and work with societal, environmental and sustainability issues.

  • 25227.
    Åslund, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Bäckström, Ingela
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Richardsson, Daniel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Managing by Appreciative Leadership to create efficient organizations and healthy co-workers2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25228.
    Åslund, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Bäckström, Ingela
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Wiklund, Håkan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Soci(et)al entrepreneurship from a Quality Management perspective2011In: ICSB world conference: Back to the future, Changes in perspectives of global entrepreneurship and innovation, Stockholm, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper was to visualize and describe a general social/societal entrepreneurship process and to describe essential parts within the processes with the aim of contributing to the understanding of the features of the phenomenon. By studying the area from a Quality Management view and with a focus on processes this study shows a proposed visualization of the soci(et)al entrepreneurship development processes. The visualization shows processes, activities, output, input, and the value to the customer within soci(et)al entrepreneurship. The process starts with various unidentified needs and ends in the soci(et)al values. The study focused on literature that was found through databases, previous knowledge within the area and from other scientists. The results were confirmed in literature that describes social or societal entrepreneurship cases. This is an attempt to contribute to the understanding of soci(et)al entrepreneurship and help practitioners to understand their work and develop within the field.

  • 25229.
    Åslund, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Technology and Management, Mechanical Engineering and Mathematics.
    Ingelsson, Pernilla
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Technology and Management, Mechanical Engineering and Mathematics.
    Understanding and living by an organization's values in order to create customer value2015In: Creating a Sustainable future through Quality: on Quality and Service ICQSS 2015, October 12-14, Lund: Lund University Press , 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Many unsuccessful implementations of QM initiatives can be contributed to the facts that tools and methods have been in focus and the systemic management philosophy have been overlooked. With a main focus on tools important intents and nuances are missed and a focus on values and culture should be equally emphasized. There is a strong connection between organizational culture, values and behaviors and to make values understandable there is a need to translate them into behaviors. Any QM initiative is difficult to implement if the focus is only on the hard quality side, i.e. tools and methods so there is a need to take into consideration the soft side, i.e. people and culture. There is a need to understand what the values mean to an organization and also to connect the values to the creation of customer value.

    Purpose - the purpose of this paper is to present a developed and tested systemic method for identifying those specific values that support the higher purpose of an organization, discovering what they mean for that organization and then activating them, in order to enhance the ability to identify and create customer value.

     

    Methodology/approach – Through literature studies of the concept Lean, TQM, organizational culture creation and customer value creation a method has been developed, tested and evaluated.

    Findings – A method to understand and live by an organization’s values has been developed and tested, a method that provides opportunities to identify and activate what specific values mean to an organization to enhance its ability to identify and create customer value. The developed method can aid the organization in its work to live by and connects values with working methods, tools and the customer value propositions of an organization.

  • 25230.
    Åslund, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Technology and Management, Mechanical Engineering and Mathematics.
    Lilja, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Technology and Management, Mechanical Engineering and Mathematics.
    Towards Capturing and Visualizing Value Creation: Exploring and Elaborating Attribute-Value Mapping2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose –The focus of all quality initiatives is value creation and the understanding of customer value. With that said, it is surprising how non-visual, and noticeably blunt, the current tools for capturing and visualizing customer value sometimes appear in practice. The purpose of this paper is hence to explore and elaborate the ability of capturing and visualizing value creation, setting out from a new marketing tool referred to as attribute-value mapping.

    Methodology/Approach – In order to fulfill the purpose of this paper, the attribute-value mapping tool has been applied, explored and elaborated as part of case studies within the area of societal entrepreneurship. The data have been collected as part of an annual course in societal entrepreneurship at Mid Sweden University.

    Findings – The paper illustrates how the attribute-value mapping tool can be elaborated and used to capture and visualize value creation in practice. It also highlights perceived benefits of the attribute-value mapping tool and possibilities for further applications and development of the tool.

    Value – The paper introduces and provides a practical example of a new tool for capturing and understanding customer value creation, and the attributes driving that value creation, in the quality management context. It is hoped to enable a more fruitful and accurate understanding and development of customer value within quality management, reaching from the entire organization to new product and new service development, various continuous improvement projects or the establishment of quality measurement systems.

     Keywords Customer value, value creation, societal entrepreneurship, social entrepreneurship, attribute-value mapping, quality management.

  • 25231.
    Åslund, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Technology and Management, Mechanical Engineering and Mathematics.
    Lilja, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Technology and Management, Mechanical Engineering and Mathematics.
    Value Ripple Logic - Customer Value Creation from a System ViewIn: Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this paper is to contribute to reflective practices and models to support the understanding and creation of customer value from a system view.

    Approach

    Case studies have been performed and data have been mainly collected through interviews and documents but also through archival records, direct observations and participating observations. Collected data was studied from a system view by making rich picture maps inspired by soft systems methodology (Jackson, 2003; Checkland and Scholes, 1990). Maps were made for each societal entrepreneurial initiative studied. The findings were then compared with the concept of Service Logic and a development out of the Service Logic concept resulted in the Value Ripple Logic (VRL).

    Findings

    The findings shows the Value Ripple Logic and an explanation of the concept. It includes a lexicon, a method to map and analyse customer value creation, an empirical example of customer value creation in a societal entrepreneurial initiative and a metaphor that describes customer value creation from a system view.

    Value

    VRL captures and illustrates customer value creation beyond a classical provider-customer relation and creates possibilities for understanding and analysing customer value creation from a system view. Which makes it possible to better understand the social, societal and environmental impact of an organization or initiative from a larger perspective.

    Article Classification

    Case study

  • 25232.
    Åslund, Louise
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Nyberg, Magdalena
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    "Fighting Freakin' Voldemort": En kvalitativ studie om hur The Harry Potter Alliance kommunicerar med sin målgrupp2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Titel: "Fighting Freakin’ Voldemort" – En kvalitativ studie om hur The Harry Potter Alliance kommunicerar med sin målgrupp

    Författare: Louise Åslund och Magdalena Nyberg

     

    Kurs, termin och år: Medie- och Kommunikationsvetenskap GR (C), C-uppsats. HT13

    Handledare: Elisabet Ljungberg

     

    Antal ord: 18 188

     

    Problemformulering och syfte: Den här studien behandlar temat fanaktivism ur ett organisationsperspektiv och undersöker hur The Harry Potter Alliance (HPA) genom att anspela på gemensamma intressen väcker ett samhällspolitiskt intresse och engagemang hos sina anhängare. I och med detta berör uppsatsen ämnen som kan komma att ha betydelse för hur framtidens kommunikatörer skapar och bevarar trovärdiga och starka relationer med sina målgrupper i ett globaliserat, digitalt och nöjesorienterat samhälle. Studiens syfte är att undersöka hur HPA arbetar med relationsskapande och mobiliserande kommunikation i sina kanaler på Youtube och Facebook.

     

    Metod och material: Studien genomfördes med hjälp av kvalitativa textanalyser av HPA:s Facebookinlägg och Youtubevideor från åren 2010 och 2013. Urvalet skedde inom ett par på förhand identifierade icke uteslutande kategorier av kommunikation som vi ansåg täckte in alla olika typer av kommunikation (exempelvis citat, vlog, kampanjinformation, aktuellt tema, hänvisning till övriga sociala medier, samhällsinformation, samarbete med kändisar och kampanjinformation).

     

    Huvudresultat: Resultatet av studien är att HPA:s kommunikation är målgruppsanpassad och ständigt cirkulerar kring ett gemensamt intresse för populärkultur och samhällsengagemang. Aktivismen HPA praktiserar och deltar i hanterar de ungas brist på politiskt engagemang och visar andra sätt att engagera sig än genom de parlamentariska partiernas ungdomsförbund. I den kommunikation där syftet är att bygga relationer snarare än att mobilisera fokuserar HPA på ämnen som ligger målgruppen nära, vare sig det är fiktion, innehållsvärld eller ett aktuellt tema. I mobiliserande syften anpassas kommunikationen efter samhällsproblemets grad av abstraktion (behov av förklaring) och organisationens planerade inblandning (kampanj eller bara upplysning). Ju mer förståelse och engagemang som krävs kring en fråga, desto viktigare verkar det vara för HPA att använda populärkultur för att förklara och engagera.

     

     

    Nyckelord: Aktivism, fanaktivism, nördar, fans, The Harry Potter Alliance, HPA, fiktion, målgruppsanpassad kommunikation, mobilisering, populärkultur.

  • 25233.
    Åslund, Malin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Education.
    Lagergren, Sanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Education.
    ”Att fånga tillfället i flykten”: Fritidspedagogers uppfattningar av elevinflytande i fritidshemmet2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att tolka fritidspedagogernas uppfattningar av elevinflytande i fritidshemmet då tidigare forskning visar att elevinflytande inte sker i den utsträckning det bör enligt läroplanen för grundskolan, förskoleklassen och fritidshemmet (2017). Forskningen visar att en anledning till att elevinflytande inte sker i den utsträckning det bör kan bero på att pedagogerna tolkar styrdokumentets riktlinjer olika om att låta eleverna utveckla sina demokratiska principer och få möjlighet att göras delaktigt i utformningen av verksamheten. Vår studie har genomförts genom fyra fokusgruppsintervjuer med fritidspedagoger som arbetar på fyra olika skolor där de fick diskutera en rad frågor om ämnet med varandra. Vår studie talar för att fritidspedagogerna har en gemensam förståelse för vad elevinflytande innebär men att det finns olika uppfattningar om hur de arbetar med elevinflytande i fritidshemsverksamheterna. Utifrån vårt resultat är vår tolkning fritidspedagogernas vilja och engagemang att arbeta med elevinflytande kan ha en avgörande roll för i vilken utsträckning elevinflytande sker.

  • 25234.
    Åslund, Pär
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    On failure mechanisms and strength predictions in corrugated board structures2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 25235.
    Åslund, Pär
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Hernández-Pérez, Adrián
    Hägglund, Rickard
    Isaksson, Per
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    In situ XCT study of failure mechanisms in corrugated boards subjected to out-ofplane compressionManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 25236.
    Åslund, Pär
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Hägglund, Rickard
    SCA R and D Centre, Box 716, SE-851 21 Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Carlsson, Leif
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA .
    Isaksson, Per
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences. Applied Mechanics, The Ångström Laboratory, Uppsala University, Box 534, SE-751 21 Uppsala, Sweden .
    An analysis of strain localization and formation of face wrinkles in edge-wise loaded corrugated sandwich panels using a continuum damage model2015In: International Journal of Solids and Structures, ISSN 0020-7683, E-ISSN 1879-2146, Vol. 56-57, p. 248-257Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the compressive failure mechanism in edge-to-edge loaded corrugated sandwich panels. The formation of face wrinkles is specifically considered. A detailed finite element model of face sheets and web core of a sandwich panel was developed to provide insight on the failure mechanism. A gradient enhanced continuum damage theory was implemented to capture length effects caused by the material microstructure including formation of damage in the face sheets and core. Distributions of strains in the face sheets determined from finite element analysis (FEA) are compared to experimentally measured strains. The predicted location and orientation of the face wrinkle, as indicated by high values of the second principal strain, agrees well with experimental observations.Load vs. out-of-plane deflection curves obtained from FEA with the gradient enhanced damage material model are compared to those obtained from a linear-elastic material model and experimentally determined curves. The gradient enhanced solution gives qualitatively better agreement with experimental results, although the magnitudes of strains are less than those determined experimentally.

  • 25237.
    Åslund, Pär
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Hägglund, Rickard
    SCA R&D Centre, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Carlsson, Leif
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, United States .
    Isaksson, Per
    Applied Mechanics, The Ångström Laboratory, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden .
    Modeling of global and local buckling of corrugated board panels loaded in edge-to-edge compression2014In: Journal of Sandwich Structures and Materials, ISSN 1099-6362, E-ISSN 1530-7972, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 272-292Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Detailed structural nonlinear finite element modeling of a sandwich panel with corrugated core is performed in this study. A simply supported panel is loaded in uniaxial compression well into the regimes of global panel buckling and local face sheet buckling. The highly nonlinear load versus in-plane and out-of-plane displacement responses obtained from finite element analysis agree reasonably well with experimental results, but the model slightly overpredicts the maximum load. The difference between experiments and predictions is attributed to damage of the corrugated paper web introduced during manufacture of the core and corrugated board. Computations of the buckling also results in a slight thickness reduction of the panel for a large range of face and web thicknesses identify lower thickness limits when the web loses its ability to contribute to the compressive strength of the panel. The highly nonlinear response associated with local and global buckling also results in thickness reduction of the panel.

  • 25238.
    Åslund, Pär
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Isaksson, Per
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    A note on the nonlinear mechanical behavior of planar random network structures subjected to in-plane compression2011In: Journal of composite materials, ISSN 0021-9983, E-ISSN 1530-793X, Vol. 45, no 25, p. 2697-2703Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The microstructural effect on the mechanical behavior of idealized two-dimensional random fiber networks subjected to in-plane compression is studied. A finite element model utilizing nonlinear beam elements assuming a linearly elastic material is developed. On a macroscopic level, random fiber networks often display an asymmetric material behavior when loaded in tension and compression. In mechanical models, this nonlinearity is traditionally described using continuum elastic-inelastic and/or damage models even though using a continuum approach risks overlooking microstructural effects. It is found that even though a linear elastic material model is used for the individual fibers, the network gives a nonlinear response in compression. The nonlinearity is found to be caused by buckling of individual fibers. This reversible nonlinear mechanism is limited in tensile loading and hence offers an alternative explanation to the global asymmetry of random fiber networks.

  • 25239.
    Åstrand, Andreas
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Bade, Katja
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Upplevelsen av att som tonåring leva med diabetes2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25240.
    Åstrand, Evelina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Institution of education.
    Att ta steget in i skolans värld: Förskolebarns idéer om vad förskoleklassen är och handlar om.2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I Sverige föregås skolstarten av ett skolförberedande år i förskoleklassen. Föreliggande svensk forksning visar att det råder oklarheter bland barn gällande om starten i förskoleklass innebär en skolstart eller ej. Vidare visar tidigare forsknng att barn kan visa motstånd mot verksamheten i förskoleklass om deras förväntningar på förskoleklassen inte överensstämmer med den faktiska verksamheten. Denna studie syftar till att belysa förskolebarns föreställningar om förskoleklassen. I åtta barnsamtal har förskolebarn berättat om sina tankar och idéer om vad förskoleklassen är och hanldar om. Dessa berättelser har sedan presenterats så som barnen själva berättade dem. Resultatet visar att barn som snart ska börja i förskoleklassen förväntar sig mötas av en verksamhet fylld med lekfullhet, lärande och vänskapsrelationer. Vidare visar resultatet att barns tankar och idéer om förskoleklassen utvecklas innan de börjar i förskoleklass. Dessa tankar och idéer kommer ifrån, och påverkas av, personer i barnets närhet. Studien vilar på en barndsomssociologisk ram och barn ses därför som aktiva medborgare med en rätt att göra sin röst hörd i frågor som rör dem. Barns föreställningar om förskoleklassen blir så viktiga att ta med i diskussioner kring hur övergången mellan förskolan och förskoleklassen kan organiseras.

    In Sweden the start in compulsory school is made through the pre-school class. Previous research shows that it can be unclear to children whether the start in the pre-school class is the start of school or not. Previous research also shows that children whose expectations about the pre-school class are not met can show resistance to the activities in the pre-school class. This study aims to highlight children´s told thoughts about the pre-school class. Eight children have been interviewed about what they think that the pre-school class is about. The stories that the children told in the interviews have been presented as they told them. The result shows that the children expect the pre-school class to be a place filled with free play, learning and friendship. Furthermore the result shows that children´s thoughts about the pre-school class develops before the actually start in the pre-school class. These thoughts are inspired by persons in the child´s nearness. This study relies on a childhood sociological theory, which means that children are seen as active citizen with a right to make their voices heard in matters that concern them. Children’s expectations about the pre-school class can therefore be important to involve in discusses about the transition from preschool to pre-school class.

  • 25241.
    Åstrand, Matilda
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Visuell uppmärksamhet: Kan ögonrörelser predicera behandlingsutfall?2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25242.
    Åström, Amanda
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Strikt lågkolhydratskost som rehabiliteringsmetod vid typ 2 diabetes: – konsekvenser för livskvalité och arbetsliv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25243.
    Åström, Anders
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Gyllander, Jeremias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Venösa bensår – Patientens upplevelse2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Många patienter inom vården drabbas av venösa bensår och det är en orsak till både fysiskt och psykiskt lidande. Läkningstiden är lång och venösa bensår är ofta återkommande. Syfte: Syftet med denna litteraturöversikt var att beskriva hur patienter med venösa bensår uppfattar sitt sjukdomstillstånd Metod: Tio vetenskapliga artiklar med inriktning på patienters upplevelse av att leva med venösa bensår söktes fram. Sökningarna genomfördes i databaserna Cinahl och PubMed med hjälp av relevanta och vedertagna söktermer. Därefter genomfördes en analys av de utvalda artiklarna. Resultat: Patienterna upplevde problem med fysisk aktivitet, smärta och olika begränsningar i vardagen. Kompressionsbehandlingen upplevdes ofta som problematisk och något som skapade ytterligare problem trots att patienterna samtidigt trodde att kompressionsbehandlingen var den bästa behandlingsmetoden och det bästa sättet att förhindra uppkomsten av nya sår. Olika sätt att orka med sin livssituation utvecklades, s.k. coping-strategier. Diskussion: Orsaker som bidrar till ökat lidande i patientens livssituation behöver upptäckas av sjuksköterskan för att kunna hanteras på ett bra sätt. Identifikation av bidragande orsaker till lidande gör det möjligt för sjuksköterskan att åtgärda problemen och förstärka de positiva egenskaperna hos patienten. För att ha möjlighet att bedöma vad patienten behöver är det nödvändigt för en sjuksköterska att försöka förstå hur patienten upplever sin situation. Slutsats: En sjuksköterska behöver möta patienten där den är för att de båda ska befinna på samma nivå. Då kommer sjusköterskan att ha möjligheten att värna om patientens egna resurser på bästa sätt i omvårdnadsarbetet. 

  • 25244.
    Åström, Cina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Education.
    Uppfattningar om ämnet idrott och hälsa hos sex stycken idrottslärare2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25245.
    Åström, Cina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Education.
    Uppfattningar om ämnet idrott och hälsa hos sex styckenidrottslärare2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25246.
    Åström, Emil
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information and Communication systems.
    AI-motor: Artificiell intelligens för spel2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Artificiell intelligens (AI) är en stor del i dagens datorspel. För att få inblick i komplexiteten runt AI i spelutveckling och för att förstå delar som AI består av har detta projekt genomförts. Målet var att skapa en AI-motor från grunden med bra grundplattform som är enkel att bygga vidare på. Innan projektet startade utfördes en förundersökning där olika alternativ för kartrepresentationer och grafsökningsalgoritmer togs fram. Utvecklingen av AI-motorn har haft ett starkt beroende till projektet där en spelmotor utvecklats av Niklas Ekman och Christian Mesch. Detta projekt har utförts enligt den agila systemutvecklingsmetoden Scrum. Ett versionshanteringssystem har använts för att enkelt kunna dela källkod mellan projekten. AI-motorn har utvecklats i C++ och för operativsystemen Ubuntu och OSX. AI-motorn består av fyra huvuddelar; logik, navigering, kommunikation och AI-objekt. Logiken är hjärnan i AI-motorn, navigeringen använder sig av navmesh som kartrepresentation och A*-algoritmen är den grafsökningsalgoritm som har valts. Kommunikation sker mellan AI-motorn och spelmotorn för att kunna dela på funktionalitet. AI-objekten är främst informationsklasser som t.ex. håller reda på antalet registrerade datorstyrda spelare. Valet av metod för kartrepresentation avgjordes av att navmesh enkelt kunde genereras automatiskt med hjälp av verktyg vilket var svårare för de andra alternativen. A* valdes som grafsökningsalgoritm eftersom den gav en korrekt väg med minst antal beräkningar. AI-motorn uppfyller de krav som ställdes innan utvecklingen påbörjades och är en bra grund för att lätt kunna utöka motorn med mer avancerad funktionalitet, men det finns så klart förbättringar som kan göras.  

  • 25247.
    Åström, Gabriella
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Timerdal, Emma
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskans erfarenheter av att vårda patienter med ätstörningar2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Anorexia och Bulimia nervosa är de mest förekommande ätstörningarna hos kvinnor i tonåren och hos unga vuxna. Personer som lider av ätstörningar har ofta brist på empati och känslor vilket försvårar bildandet av en god sjuksköterske-patient relation. För att sjuksköterskan ska kunna hjälpa dessa patienter krävs det att sjuksköterskorna har god inlevelseförmåga i hur patienten upplever sin sjukdom Syfte: Belysa erfarenheter hos sjuksköterskor som vårdar personer med ätstörningar. Metod: Detta är en systematisk litteraturstudie där artiklarna söktes i tre databaser och dessa var PubMed, Cinahl och PsycInfo. Tolv artiklar inkluderades och analyserades genom manifest innehållsanalys. Därmed framkom fyra kategorier; skapa en trygg relation, att vara ett stöd, känna frustration och behov av utbildning. Resultat: För att sjuksköterskan ska kunna ge ett bra stöd till patienter med ätstörning krävs en god sjuksköterske-patientrelation. Bristen på utbildning om ätstörning leder till att det är svårt att etablera en god relation och detta i sin tur leder till att sjuksköterskan känner stor frustration över ätstörningspatienterna. Diskussion: För att kunna ge en bra vård och för att kunna skapa en god relation till patienter med ätstörning krävs förtroende mellan sjuksköterska och patient. Utan förtroende kan sjuksköterskan inte ge det stöd dessa patienter behöver. Konklusion: Vidare forskning inom ämnet är nödvändigt eftersom det finns lite forskning om sjuksköterskans erfarenhet av att vårda patienter med ätstörningar. Den forskning som finns tillgänglig idag om vården till patienter med ätstörningar är främst sedd ur patientens och familjens perspektiv.

  • 25248.
    Åström, Gustav
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Systems and Technology.
    Kognitiva tjänster på en myndighet: Förstudie om hur Lantmäteriet kan tillämpa IBM Watson2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Many milestones have been passed in computer science and currently we are on our way to pass yet another: artificial intelligence. One of the characteristics of AI is to be able to interpret so-called unstructured data, i.e., data that lacks structure. Unstructured data can be useful and with the new tools within AI is it possible to interpret it and use it to solve problems. This has the potential to be useful in practical applications such as processing and decision support. The work has been done at Apendo AB, which has the Swedish National Land Survey as a customer. The work is to investigate how AI-driven cognitive services through IBM Watson can be applied to the Swedish National Land Survey. The goal is to answer the following questions: Is it possible to apply cognitive services through Watson's services to give decision support to the Swedish National Land Survey already? In what ways can you use Watson's services to create a decision support? How effective can the solution for the Swedish National Land Survey be, i.e. how much time and costs can they save by using Watson's services on the chosen concept? As a practical part of the AI study, a perceptron was developed and evaluated. Through an agile approach, tests and studies about IBM Watson have taken place in parallel with interviews with employees at the Swedish National Land Survey. The tests were performed in the PaaS service IBM Bluemix with both Node-RED and an own built web application. Though the interviews, the Watson service Retrieve and Rank became interesting and examined more closely. With Retrieve and Rank you can get questions answered by ranking selected corpus pieces that are then trained for better answers. Uploading the corpus with related questions resulted in that 75% of the questions was answered correctly. Applications for the Swedish National Land Survey can then be a cognitive search function that helps administrators to search information in manuals and the law book.

  • 25249.
    Åström, Ingrid
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Upplevd arbetstillfredsställese för undersköterskor vid LSS-boende: En kvalitativ studie om vad undersköterskorna upplevde krävdes för att ge bra stöd till de boende.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25250.
    Åström, Karin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Reisek, Jennie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskans information och undervisning om livsstilsförändringar vid hypertoni2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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