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  • 251.
    Falk, Tobias
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Åkesson, Joel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Jaga inte regnbågar: En studie om motivationsfaktorer bland anställda i kontorsmiljö inomoffentlig sektor2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 252.
    Falkenborn, Tove
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    En studie om hur attityd- och beteendegapet inom hållbar klädkonsumtion kan minska2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, clothing consumption in Sweden has increased sharply. The consumption is a problem against natural resources and these can’t be renewed as fast as they are consumed. While many consumers want to act sustainably these attitudes and intentions are not always reflected in their behavior, which is known as the attitude- behavior gap. This study examines the consumers’ perception concerning how the gap between attitude and behavior in sustainable clothing consumption can be reduced. Focus has been on young consumers, more specifically the Millennium generation, in Sweden.According to previous research the Millennials are willing to act sustainably but they don’t know how. The willingness to act sustainably within this generation is also reinforced by the results of this study. A qualitative method has been used and the studies empirical data shows that what determines a purchase is not whether a garment is produced sustainably or not. The most important factors are price, fit, brand and style. The study examines consumers’ knowledge and views on sustainable clothing consumption, what consumers do in terms of sustainability, but also their purchase behavior. Based on consumer perceptions, suggestions concerning how the gap possibly can be reduced have been able to be formed. Consumers feel they don’t have enough knowledge about what sustainable fashion is. In this study, the respondents also expressed the supply is limited and not clear enough. The supply of sustainable clothing must increase and take larger market shares in order to compete against the unsustainable fashion. It must be easy for consumers to make sustainable choices. The result of this study also shows that the consumer is price sensitive and the cheap, non-sustainable alternatives compete with the sustainable fashion. However, purchase behavior could be changed and thus the attitude-behavior gap be reduced, by increased knowledge and information about the meaning of sustainable fashion. This mission partly lies with companies to communicate more clearly in the stores.While consuming, the willingness to purchase cheaply today appears stronger than the sustainable aspect. Although consumers claim to be able to change this behavior by more information and if they knew more about the consequences, it is not certain that’s correct. If the cheaper, non-sustainable fashion items remain, it’s likely to believe the consumption of those will not disappear, as the price proved to be of great importance. Therefore, the attitude-behavior gap also could be reduced by a change in today’s supply. If companies increase the supply of sustainable alternatives while reducing the supply of non-sustainable alternatives, it becomes more readily available and natural for the consumer to choose a sustainable garment.

  • 253.
    Faßbender, Annika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Customers’ Perceptions and Preferences of Loyalty Programs within the Clothing Industry2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 254.
    Finke, Simon
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Foreign exchange market efficiency between Europe and Switzerland and Europe and Sweden from 2008 until 20142015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 255.
    Flodén, Gustav
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Sporre, Fredric
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Vilka effekter får amerikanska tullar på Sveriges stål- och bilexport?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 256.
    Follstad Klintevall, Elin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Det korrupta gränslandet: -En analys om mutbrott vid statlig offentlig upphandling2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 257.
    Fors, Linus
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Ritenius Eklund, Tilda
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Reaktionen på den svenska börsen i samband med publiceringen av årsredovisningen: Studie av svenska börsbolag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 258.
    Forsgren, Camilla
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Marketing techniques of social entrepreneurs in the sustainable clothing industry2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 259.
    Forslin, Erika
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Skalman, Johanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Organisationskulturens gynsamhet för öppen innovation2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 260.
    Forss, Linn
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Persson, Therese
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Värdering av kommersiella fastigheter: en kvantitativ studie om osäkerhet och oberoende vid fastighetsvärdering2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The financial crisis that erupted in 2008 had a negative impact on real estate values, both in Europe and worldwide. Although it wasn´t the first time. Already in the 1990’s another crisis raged, mainly through a real estate crisis. Two thirds of the loan losses was due to the real estate sector. Today, the largest share of total lending in Sweden is to real estate companies. Although it doesn’t involve the same amount as in the 1990’s, it’s still a credit risk for the Swedish banks. Since the 1990’s, a debate has been going on how the quality of the appraisals can be improved. The debate started with a report issued by RICS, an organization that maintains standards. This report argues that all appraisals are uncertain and the estimated value is only a personal estimate by the valuer. The appraisals should contain an independent opinion, yet pressure from the client might affect real estate valuers’ independence.This study aims to describe and analyze risks that can arise in real estate valuation. More specifically, the study aims to examine the extent to which Swedish authorized real estate valuers’ experience uncertainty and client pressure, both in general and on the basis of various factors.To achieve this purpose, a quantitative study was conducted with the sample frame of Swedish authorized real estate valuers. Today, 145 people work as an authorized real estate valuer in Sweden and the questionnaire was send out to all the real estate valuers that were available at that time. Of these, 73 people answered the questionnaire. These respondents composed the base of our analysis and conclusions.The result of this study shows that the risks, in terms of uncertainty and client pressure which influence the outcome of real estate valuation, are not perceived as great. The real estate valuers do not seem to experience uncertainty during the valuation process. The factors that turned out to affect the uncertainty at some extent were experience, the amount of informationand the extent of estimations. However, the real estate valuers found that neither the real estate company nor prices on the market affected the uncertainty in valuations. Furthermore, we also find that the authorized real estate valuers do not seem to experience client pressure. The factor that, according to the valuers, affect their independence to some extent was theinformation that the client reports. Neither instructions from the client, type of client, returning clients nor size of the client proved to affect the valuers’ independence. Generally, the real estate valuers do not seem to experience uncertainty or client pressure in their appraisals, nor are they significantly affected by other factors that in other circumstances can affect the appraisal’s result.

  • 261.
    Forsström Torres, Linda
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    A comparison between the brand loyalty online towards bank brands and clothing brands2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Brand loyalty has had a growing interests among marketing researchers and practitioners in the recent decades. The reasons behind this are the benefits that brand loyalty can generate such as positive word-of-mouth, customer’s willingness to pay more for offers and commitments to repurchase with a brand. Simultaneously, consumers use of companies’ online services increases, which increases the need for companies to understand what makes consumers purchase repeatedly online. Despite this, a limited understanding has been made of the antecedents of brand loyalty with online businesses. In addition, brand loyalty has also been examined in a variety of different industries, but few scholars have made comparisons between different industries’ brand loyalty. More specifically, comparisons between brand loyalty for bank brands and clothing brands. This study therefore aims to gain a deeper understanding of how the antecedents brand communication, brand knowledge, brand trust, and emotional attachment influence brand loyalty. Furthermore, this study also investigates if these antecedents’ relationships with brand loyalty differ between bank brands and clothing brands online. This study has taken a quantitative approach in which 729 Swedish and British University students were assigned a questionnaire that was based on the theoretical background of the study. The results showed that brand trust and emotional attachment had positive and significant relationships with brand loyalty for bank brands. Brand loyalty for clothing brands had positive and significant relationships with brand knowledge and brand trust. The findings contribute to a better understanding of factors affecting brand loyalty for bank brands compared to clothing brands.

  • 262.
    Foss, Juni Amalie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Hollekamp, Helena
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    The Relationship of Co-Creation and Brand Equity in Social Media with a Focus on Premium vs Mass-Market Products2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 263.
    Fransén, Einar
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Does PPP hold in the long run between Sweden and Norway?2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 264.
    Fransén, Einar
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Viklund, Robert
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    “Simon says” - The impact on stock prices from stock recommendations expressed inpodcasts.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 265.
    Franzen, Christian
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    The use of „Made in Germany“ as a brand in international marketing: Similarities and differences in use and perception of “Made in Germany” by German companies and private individuals2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 266.
    Fredriksson, Philip
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Jonasson, Emil
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Amorteringskravets påverkan på de svenska hushållen: Ur hushållens perspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 267.
    Freiman, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Hur medkännande är vi egentligen?: En enkätstudie om universitetsstudenters uppfattning om medkänsla2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 268.
    Frykgård, Viktor
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    MiFID 2: för att Styra och Skydda2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    MiFID 2 is a pile of changes that EU want to implement to protect investors. How will they protect investors and with what tools and at whose cost. These questions are hard to answer. This research aim to shed a little bit of light at what is coming. By examine how ESMA has chosen to give guidelines to market operators and data service providers should recruit and handle members of the board the author has come to the conclusion that MiFID 2 chooses to put the control in the corporations hands. Because ESMA and EU has put out guidelines that are easy to follow and follow up by affected authorities.

  • 269.
    Fsahaye, Segen
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Yosief, Yodit
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Bankernas kreditbedömning till mindre aktiebolag efter avskaffandet avrevisionsplikten:: En jämförelse av kreditbedömning mellan tre banker2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 270.
    Fundin, Max
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Norling, Fredrik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Revisorns oberoende: En studie i Östersund om att vara oberoende i en mindre stad2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 271.
    Garcia, Erica
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Revisionens nytta för mindre bolag2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previously, the audit requirement for limited companies was a compulsion, which meant that companies never had the opportunity to even consider whether they really had any need of auditing (Thorell and Norberg, 2005). The removal of the audit requirement has now made it possible for businesses to consider their need for audit, and then also choose whether to have an accountant or not.

    Although the majority of studies demonstrated that the cost of the audit exceeds its benefits, only 33 percent of the companies covered by the amendment made an activechoice and opted out of the audit (Fälldin, 2013). This should mean that the audit still generate some benefit for the majority of the companies that are not subject to the audit requirement. On the basis of this, the ambition of this study was to examine the usefulness of the audit for companies that do not have mandatory auditing, and the characteristics and properties of the audit that these companies value and why. The features I assumed are the audit as improvement, assurance, comfort and legitimacy(Carrington, 2010). In this study, I assumed smaller companies that are not subject to the audit requirement, but in despite of this decided to have audit. The study includes five companies within a limited area, Gävleborgs län. Information has been collected through interviews.

    This study's empirical results show that the smaller companies in this study feel that the audit generates benefit by all the investigated properties. But the companies’ values of the qualities of audit are different from each other. A function that the companies valued particularly different was auditing as an improvement. The usefulness of this function was being connected with the business owner's experience and knowledge. Most business owners with less experience and a lower level of knowledge were found to evaluate this knowledge high, and vice versa. Because of this, the usefulness of this feature cannot be determined to a certain degree, but must instead be determined fromcase to case. The audit generated good comfort, but two of the companies considered the benefits of auditing as comfort as a minor importance. They instead saw the comfort property as a so-called bonus effect. Something that emerged more clearly was that audit insurance was the property that was considered to generate the greatest benefit, while auditing legitimacy was considered to have the slightest benefit to the small companies in this study.

  • 272.
    Gathen, Constanze
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Benefits of Networks within Cultural and Creative IndustriesThe Case of the UNESCO Creative Cities Network with a Particular Focus on Gastronomy2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 273.
    Gathen, Constanze
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Social Marketing and Alcohol: Can a nationalized retail system for alcohol be an effective social marketing tool? A comparative study between Swedish and German students.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 274.
    Gawell, Malin
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola.
    Pierre, Anne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Societal entrepreneurship: a cross-boundary force for regional and local development cherished for multiple reasons2014In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 2001-7405, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 109-130Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is based on results from the findings in the cross-disciplinary project on societal entrepreneurship in sparsely populated areas (SESPA). Studies within this project that take their point of departure in the societal or community-based entrepreneurship literature demonstrate how different contextual aspects as well as different perspectives enhance the understanding of why societal entrepreneurship is important for regional and local surroundings and development. The analysis of the studies within the SESPA project reveals societal entrepreneurship as a multifaceted and complex phenomenon interrelated with the local context as well as with national and even global developments. It is a cross-boundary force for local and regional development. The sub studies emphasize different aspects in which societal entrepreneurship in conclusion can be understood as local responses to local challenges, the multiplication of organizational missions, as well as collective solutions to diverse goals. The analysis emphasizes an intertextual vision of a ‘positive development’ in which societal entrepreneurship combines entrepreneurial drives with societal aims. Furthermore, the analysis reveals different, even multiple, reasons why societal entrepreneurship is cherished by different actors engaged in or related to the development – in this case of a sparsely populated region.

  • 275.
    Gebert Persson, Sabine
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law. Uppsala Universitet.
    Bellman, Lina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Flyttkedjor och boende på ålderns höst2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta projekt har Sabine Gebert Persson och Lina Bellman vid CER bedrivit tillsammans med Hans Lind vid KTH och Maria Kulander vid högskolan i Gävle. Syftet var att studera utbud av bostäder för äldre samt vilka push- respektive pullfaktorer som påverkar äldres val av boende. Resultaten visar att det saknas en samsyn om bostadsformer, majoriteten av kommunerna har reaktiv informationsspridning och boendemiljö är den faktor som påverkar mest. Resultaten från projektet har tidigare publicerats i rapporterna "Vad påverkar äldres val av boendeform" (Gebert Persson, Bellman, Kulander och Lind, 2015) och "Boende för äldre: En studie av 10 kommuner" (Lind, Kulander, Gebert Persson och Bellman, 2015).

  • 276.
    Gebert Persson, Sabine
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Gidhagen, Mikael
    Uppsala University.
    Lundberg, Heléne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Webbaserade tjänster och förtroende: vardagsmat för banker, utmaning för försäkringsbolag?2015In: Trovärdighet och förtroende i ekonomiska relationer / [ed] Öhman Peter & Lundberg Heléne, Stockholm: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, p. 167-184Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 277.
    Gebert-Persson, Sabine
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law. Uppsala Univ, Dept Business Studies, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Lundberg, Heléne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Elbe, Jorgen
    Dalarna Univ Coll, Falun, Sweden.
    On the discursive contest of an international M&A relationship development process within financial services2014In: International Business Review, ISSN 0969-5931, E-ISSN 1873-6149, Vol. 23, no 6, p. 1064-1073Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The global liberalisation of national regulated financial services' sectors has opened up a wave of international mergers and acquisitions processes. To succeed with such processes, a positive relationship needs to be developed between involved parties. But actors within and outside involved companies in international mergers and acquisitions may have conflicting interests, not least because of national resistance to changes in domestic financial sectors. In order to study the discourse among such actors, this paper presents a theoretical view based on business relationships, highlighting the concept of legitimacy. The aim is to analyse how different actors communicate in and through the media, in order to legitimise their own actions or to delegitimise the actions of their opponents in the relationship development process. The empirical investigation is a longitudinal study of an acquisition process between two insurance companies from Sweden and South Africa. A discourse analysis shows that the relationship development process is not only a matter of rational arguments. It is rather a struggle between actors drawing on discourses that change over time, as a means to affect perceptions of legitimate behaviours to reach the preferred outcome. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 278.
    Gebert-Persson, Sabine
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    von Koskull, Catharina
    University of Vaasa.
    Bellman, Lina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    I don’t want to be a burden to my children: a study of older adults’ perceptions of senior housing in Sweden and Finland2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – Research focusing on wellbeing of individuals and communities, i.e. transformative service research (TSR), has become one of the top priorities in service research. TSR is still in its infancy and more research is needed in this area. This paper contributes to TSR by studying older adults’ perceptions of the transition from independent living at home to dependent living in senior housing with assisted care.

    Methods – The paper draws on the findings of a large scale survey with older adults conducted in Sweden, and an eight months long ethnographic field study conducted at a senior housing site in Finland.

    Findings– We identified a complex range of issues motivating older adults to move into senior housing with assisted care. Through the lens of selfdetermination theory we suggest that the more intrinsic the motives are to make such a transition, the greater the potential for experiencing eudaimonic wellbeing. While this insight is not groundbreaking, thus far transformative research has not investigated this topic.

    Conclusions – As more individuals live longer and the older adults grow in size as a group, the demand on care service is increasing. Assistance will be needed for daily living and developing senior housing that support wellbeing is essential to meet these consumer needs.

  • 279.
    Gebreegziabher, Zenebe
    et al.
    Department of Economics, Mekelle University, Adi-Haqui Campus, P.O. Box 451, Mekelle, Tigrai, Ethiopia.
    Mekonnen, Alemu
    Department of Economics, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.
    Stage, Jesper
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law. Lulea Univ Technol, Dept Business Adm Technol & Social Sci, Lulea, Sweden.
    Alemu, Atlaw
    Department of Economics, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.
    Climate change and the Ethiopian economy: A CGE analysis2016In: Environment and Development Economics, ISSN 1355-770X, E-ISSN 1469-4395, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 205-225Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper analyzes the economic impacts of climate change-induced fluctuations on the performance of Ethiopia's agriculture, using a countrywide computable general equilibrium (CGE) model. We model the impacts on agriculture using a Ricardian model, where current agricultural production is modelled as a function of temperature and precipitation, among other things, and where future agriculture is assumed to follow the same climate function. The effect of overall climate change is projected to be relatively benign until approximately 2030, but will become considerably worse thereafter. Our simulation results indicate that, over a 50-year period, the projected reduction in agricultural productivity may lead to reductions in average income of some 20 per cent compared with the outcome that would have prevailed in the absence of climate change. This indicates that adaptation policies – both government planned and those that ease autonomous adaptation by farmers – will be crucial for Ethiopia's future development.

  • 280.
    Geiss, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Empirical Analysis of the Working Capital-Profitability Relationship: Consequences of the Global Financial Crisis of 2008: A Quantitative Study of Swedish Wholesale SMEs2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to analyze the relationship between working capital management (measured by CCC) and firm profitability to find out whether there is a significant difference in working capital management during (2008-2009) and after (2010-2015) the global financial crisis of 2008/09 in Swedish wholesale SMEs.Design/methodology/approach: This thesis makes use of multiple correlation and multiple regression analysis to analyze a data sample of 1,532 SMEs operating in the wholesale industry.Findings: The study provides empirical evidence for a significant relationship between profitability and working capital management as well as for a significant difference in working capital management during and after the global financial crisis of 2008/09. Furthermore, the firmlevel control variables for age, size, and leverage show a significant relationship with firm profitability. This holds also true for the lagged dependent variable and the crisis dummy variable.Research limitations/implications: The present study is limited to a rather underperforming sample of SMEs operating in the Swedish wholesale industry. Further research could examine the generalizability of findings for other countries, more industries, or a greater time horizon.Practical implications: The results of this thesis can support the management of Swedish SMEs with their working capital policies to improve their profitability by reducing their CCC with special regard to economic crises. Moreover, these findings can be of interest for policy makers as well as debt- and stakeholders. Originality/value: The present study contributes to previous research by adding the perspective of small and medium-sized enterprises on the working capital-profitability relationship during and after the global financial crisis. To the best of the author’s knowledge, there exists no otherstudy addressing this issue neither in the Swedish environment nor with special regard to the wholesale industry.

  • 281.
    Gelotte, Kevin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Sahlin, Tobias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Illiquidity discounts at Swedish stock exchanges2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The cost of illiquidity arises when there is a lack of buyers and sellers who are willing to trade at the same level. Thus, in these kind of situations traders might not have the possibility to trade their securities at current market value. When the frequency of transactions is low, sellers can be forced to accept lower prices to meet a lower demand of the security, therefore investors are often willing to pay a premium for liquidity and could also argue for an illiquidity discount while trading securities with low liquid securities (Damodaran, 2005).In order to estimate the illiquidity discount several approaches has been carried out and investigated by former authors. This paper summarizes former studies in this area and provides empirical evidences from three different approaches used to estimate the illiquidity discount, the bid-ask spread-, IPO-, and the Restricted stock approach.The purpose with this paper is to estimate the illiquidity discount at Swedish exchanges. Moreover, this papers aim is to investigate whether or not there is a disparity across Swedish exchanges in terms of the magnitude of the illiquidity discount. The method to estimate the illiquidity discount has been the relative bid ask spread on a daily basis combined with historical data from the relevant Swedish exchanges and a comparison between theinvestigated exchanges. Thereafter a comparison across the investigated exchanges and the corresponding bid-ask spread were performed. In order to estimate the illiquidity discount several approaches has been carried out and investigated by former authors. This paper summarizes former studies in this area and provides empirical evidences from three different approaches used to estimate the illiquidity discount, the bid-ask spread-, IPO-, and theRestricted stock approach.The most valuable result of this paper is that a statistically significant difference across Swedish exchanges in terms of the magnitude of the illiquidity discount has been shown. Moreover no statistical significant results could be found regarding if the volume had a negative relationship with the relative bid-ask spread, however tendencies could be found that it seems to be so.

  • 282.
    Gerbier, Loïc
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Bachelor thesis (BA level): understanding of the Swedish housing market2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis is an attempt to create a deeper understanding of the Swedish housing market. Many econometrics studies have shown that a certain amount of variables have a real impact on the housing prices but very few of them have considered every variable separately to see their impact on real estate prices.The first part of this thesis is a short presentation of previous econometric researches on this field. This part is purposely short because it does not bring any element to answer my question. However, the selection of the different variables is based on the results of these searches.The second part is the presentation and analysis of the selected variables. The aim is to try to explain the real estate prices evolution regarding each variable. To do so, I’m going to do some percentage analysis couple with graphical analysis and try to find correlation between the variables and the housing prices.

  • 283.
    Gidlund, Anders
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Kundlojalitet i den digitaliserade banksektorn2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 284.
    Giritli Nygren, Katarina
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Öhman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Framåtblickande förändringsorienterade fantasier2017In: Hållbarhetens många ansikten: samtal, forskning och fantasier / [ed] Edith Andresen, Gustav Lidén, Sara Nyhlén, Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University , 2017, p. 132-133Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 285.
    Giritli Nygren, Katarina
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Öhman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Ömtålighetshållbar, långtänkt,ibland-lösningar…2017In: Hållbarhetens många ansikten: samtal, forskning och fantasier / [ed] Edith Andresen, Gustav Lidén, Sara Nyhlén, Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University , 2017, p. 142-143Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 286.
    Godin, Ida
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Every accomplishment begins with the decision to try: En kvantitativ studie på nätverk inom tjänstesektorn.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to contribute to the knowledge gap that exists between the network structure and motivation theory. Further, the purpose of the study is to use the motivation factor as part of a network structure, for examining how motivation affects network structure. Supplementary the study examine whether there are obvious differences in how the two different motivation factors affect the network structure. The study is based on two different areas of research, network theory and motivation theory. I have used aperspective that treats the entire network's performance and results. The motivation theory discusses the motivation as two elements, the intrinsic motivation that is the driving force within and the extrinsic motivation that consists of external reward factors. The studyhypotheses are deduced from chosen theory and I have therefore decided to perform a quantitative study. I have chosen to perform the study in the service sector but I’m using an approach that examines the whole network. The results show that there is an effect of motivation on the network structure, and further that there also exist differences between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation on the network structure. The overall results indicate that the impact of intrinsic motivation on network structure are bigger that the impact of extrinsic motivation on network structure.

  • 287.
    Gonzalez Diaz, Katya
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Bajraktari, Saranda
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Not-for-profit entrepreneurs: “language barriers” in financing: Proposed alternatives2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 288.
    Gorian, Gaëlle
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    How to Finance Projects in the Audiovisual Sector in France2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 289.
    Gowa, Dianah
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Hitasopit, Oraphan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Extrinsic Vs Intrinsic Motivation;: How are employees in organizations motivated?2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 290.
    Granat, Sebastian
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Gräll, Robin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Följa insiders som investeringsstrategi: Finanskrisen 2007-20082013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper study purpose to examine whether legal insider trading generate abnormal stock return relative to index while following insider behavior during the financial crisis in 2007-2008. By observing the development of the stock price after transactions were published by the Swedish Financial Supervisory Authority. Focusing on insiders private stock hold, measured in terms of one, six and twelve months. The sample of data were brought from the homepage of Nasdaq, were historical stock prices was found. The Swedish Financial Supervisory Authority was also used with its register of all reported insider transactions. Later the data was processed in programs like Microsoft Excel and MiniTab which counted out the cumulative average abnormal return (CAAR) for the years 2007 to 2011. A total of 1 515 buy transactions and 405 sell transactions was studied and the result is simplified in tables sorted after period and after each of these two transaction types.

    As seen in former research there is a positive trend of abnormal return by following insiders during the financial crisis of 2007-2008. If seen over the whole period investors who was following insiders has earn a return of maximal 2,53 percent after six months, this by buy transactions. The sell transactions only showed negative values which after twelve months showed -29,97 percent.

  • 291.
    Grande, Jorunn
    et al.
    Nord Universitetet, Bodø, Norge.
    Carlsson, Espen
    Trøndelag Forskning og Utvikling, Steinkjer, Norge.
    Sörensson, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Dalborg, Cecilia
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    The role of regional support system in driving innovations2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We explore the role, influence and interaction with the support system for entrepreneurial initiatives in two non-core Nordic regions. The analyses are based on interviews 34 nature-based business owners about development their business and their experience with the support system and rural advisors in this process. Data from support system and business advisors were gathered through their websites, policy documents, 4 workshops and supplemental interviews. We found a complex picture of entrepreneur/firm (internal), environmental (external) and relational/supporting (system) factor combination promotes nature-based business establishments and employment. Several entrepreneurs asks for a more flexible support system and tailor made solutions. Firms that already have a high knowledge base and absorptive capacity seem also most efficient in getting the help they need. A dilemma is that those in most need for help don’t know how to ask for it, or do not have capacity to internalize new knowledge and resources offered. To make use of external support it critical that they find their match in a well-functioning support system adjusted to their needs. The support system must be aware of varying level of absorptive capacity in the entrepreneurial businesses. The various roles of intermediary /mentor roles/functions and the need for industry-specific knowledge seem pertinent.

  • 292.
    Grann, Andreas
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Strindlund, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Likviditet och avkastning: En undersökning av Stockholmsbörsen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 293.
    Granqvist, Alexander
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Ibrahim, Abdurasak
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences.
    Finansiell bootstrapping- Inom IT: -branschens små företag2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 294.
    Granåsen, Alexander
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Smedberg, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    En studie om Corporate Social Responsibility och dess samband med Corporate Financial Performance i svenska företag2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The primary aim with the study is to investigate if there is a correlation between a companies’ CFP (Corporate Financial Performance) and its CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility). Further illustrate which part of CSR that has the biggest correlation with CFP.To obtain the purpose a quantitative research methodology has been used. The data that has been used in the study is collected from Infotorg and Folksams index for responsible business over the years 2009, 2011 and 2013. In total the study covers 178 companies with a total observation value of 534.From the results we can see that the parts which is included in CSR (environment and human rights) both have a weak correlation with CFP. Although a deeper investigation was needed with regression analysis to further investigate the issue. We could see that the utter most important factor that contributed to increased CFP, were the size of the company.

  • 295.
    Grellmann, Lea Philine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Brand Rejuvenation: A quantitative approach for measuring the customer’s perception of brand rejuvenation activities2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 296.
    Grimvärn, Linda
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Wolvén, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Hållbarhetsarbete och Internkommunikation: En fallstudie om hur arbetet realiseras, implementeras och kommuniceras inom organisationen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 297.
    Gruber, Paul Gabriel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    The Role of Brand Identities in Transformational Experiences: A conceptual approach on theory synthesis in branding and experience marketing2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to provide a conceptual link between Brand Theory and transformational experiences. To be precise: Which role brand identity constructs play in building transformational experiences. This will add to the general understanding of transformational experience marketing. The research fields of experience marketing and Brand Theory offer a great array of studies producing a surplus of theories. The findings in the theoretical chapter should lead towards a connection between both research fields. Thereby this paper is deductive in nature. For this empiric data was collected to supplement these conceptual links. This was done through a case study that has been chosen and analyzed to identify its transformative value to serve as an reference point to establish links between brands andtransformational experiences. Part of the case were a series of interviews with participants of the chosen case. The findings suggest that a brand can fulfill various functions to supplement transformative experiences. For once, a brand can serve as a reference point to develop experiences as a product portfolio extensions. Its biggest potential lies in its role as a catalyst for customizing experiences towards the consumer through its brand associations. This role immediately alluded to the next one. As transformative experiences can help a consumer to get closer to their desired self-image, brands serve as a reference point to infuse these experiences with activities that are based or inspired on brand associations. In conclusion, a brand’s role in transformational experiences lies in being a potential access point forcustomers, and a content giver to activities and shaping them into a unique experience that speaks to the customer on an

  • 298.
    Grundsten, Nicklas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Tre faktorers påverkan på skuldsättningsgraden i svenska SME-företag inom grossistbranschen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att få tillgång till kapital är en nödvändighet för att företag ska kunna växa. I den häruppsatsen undersöks hur tre variabler påverkar skuldsättningsgraden hos svenskaSME-företag (små- och medelstora företag) i grossistbranschen. Variablerna storlekoch historiska relationer till banken antas påverka skuldsättningen positivt, medanvariabeln ålder antas påverka skuldsättningen negativt.Syftet med uppsatsen är att täppa igen de hål som finns runt forskningen avkapitalstruktur hos svenska SME-företag i grossistbranschen. I metodavsnittet har ettpositivistiskt synsätt valts. Angreppsättet är deduktivt och undersökningen som utförsär en kvantitativ undersökning baserad på sekundär data från databasen Affärsdata.Teorierna som dominerar denna uppsats är främst pecking order teorin och agentteorin och problematiken som är kopplad till informationsasymmetri. I detsammanhanget tas även teorierna om adverse selection och moral-hazard upp. Myckettidigare forskning har studerats kring dessa teorier, men även kring forskning omrelationen till bankens inverkan på tillgången till kapital. Även hur företagens ryktepåverkas har studerats.I empiridelen har 2894 stycken SME-företag inom grossistbranschen undersökts.Först gjordes en beskrivande analys, sedan en korrelationsmatris och slutligen gjordesen multipel regressionsanalys. Saker som multikollinearitet,determinationskoefficienten, Durbin-Watson och VIF-värden kontrollerade också.Analysen visar att teorierna kring pecking order teorin och agentteorin stämmer bramed resultatet av undersökningen. Hypoteserna från inledningen stämde alla tre.Dock verkade variabeln ålder kunna påverka både positivt och negativt. Slutsatsernavisar att äldre, större och mer omtalade SME-företag får lättare tillgång till kapital.Ytterligare slutsatser blir att de svenska SME-företagen beter sig likvärdigt som deutländska.

  • 299.
    Grönlund, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Tagesson, Torbjörn
    Linköpings universitet.
    Öhman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Principbaserad redovisning2013 (ed. 5:1)Book (Other academic)
  • 300.
    Grönlund, Anton
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Hallgren, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Hur påverkar bolags finansiella stress revisorers formuleringar av going concern yttranden?2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Financial information is supposed to be quality assured and form the basis foreconomic decision-making for stakeholders. Some of this information affects the auditor's obligation to assess a company's survival skills, going concern, and to speak about this. Previously, two steps has been identified in the process to issue a going concern opinion but researchers in the field believe that it is necessary to add a third stage; the clarity with which the opinion is formulated. What affects the decision to issue a going concern opinion and the formulation of these opinions is uncertain, but some scholars believe that when clients are financially stressed more opinions are issued. Furthermore they believe that the more financially stressed a company is the more clearly the auditor's opinion is formulated. In the current situation is no standard for how Swedish auditors exactly should formulate their opinions. The auditors thus have the power to influence how stakeholders perceive a company'sgoing concern.The purpose of this study was to explore how clearly Swedish auditors formulates going concern opinions in the bankrupt company's latest audit report, and identify how different types of indicators of financial stress affects the clarity of the auditors formulations. The sampling frame consisted of all Swedish companies that have gone bankrupt during the period from January to September of 2014. 4443 companies were examined of which 358 met the criteria for the study and thus constituted the basis for the analysis and conclusion. The result was produced by ordinal logistic regression and show that Swedish auditors largely formulates clear going concern opinions and some indicators of financial stress has an impact on the clarity of thegoing concern opinions. The study shows that three indicators of financial stress ”equity is less than half the share capital, deficit in retained earnings, long-term debt divided by total assets” affects the formulation of going concern opinions.

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