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  • 251. Amon, Benedict
    et al.
    Ekenberg, Love
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Johannesson, Paul
    Munguanaze, Marcelo
    Njabili, Upendo
    Tesha, Rika Manka
    From First-Order Logic to Automated Word Generation for Lyee2003In: Knowledge-Based Systems, ISSN 0950-7051, Vol. 16, no 7/8, p. 249-262Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A conceptual schema can be viewed as a language to describe the phenomena in a system to be modelled, i.e. a set of derivation rules and integrity constraints as well as a set of event-rules describing the behaviour of an object system. In this paper, we investigate the relationship between the Lyee software requirements concepts with various constructs in conceptual modelling. Within our work we choose the Unified Modelling Language (UML) as a modelling notation for explaining conceptual models. The result obtained models a fully expressive set of UML and First Order Logic constructs mapped into Lyee concepts.

  • 252.
    Amoura, Jonas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information and Communication systems.
    Nätverksemulatorer: Nätverksemulering i utbildningssyfte2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a project that deals with network emulators for training purposes, where everything is based on open-source applications. The goal of this project was to evaluate GNS3 and CORE emulators and answer the question, if and how they can be used in educational purposes for students and teachers. The study begins by briefly describing the various emulators available through open-source, where it was chosen to focus on the following network emulators IMUNES: Marionnet, Mininet, NetKit, GNS3 and CORE. The evaluation was conducted using a form, and GNS3 and CORE emulators run on a Linux-based operating systems to test all functions and various applications available within the tools. The results showed that both emulators work great to make use of open-source applications that can emulate router functions to emulate network topologies with different routing protocols such as RIP, OSPF and BGP. The evaluation also showed that both emulators are excellent tools to be used by people with minimal knowledge in programming, because of its user-friendly interface that helps one to build complex topologies using drag-and-drop functionality only. The conclusion of the study is that both emulators work well for educational purposes to develop network technology, router protocols and Linux skills for students, as well as to create a virtual environment to develop their skills with which they also can experiment with their skills. To install the network emulators GNS3 and CORE and related applications took about 30 minutes per tool, as well as taking GNS3 23 MB and Core 10MB hard disk space to be installed without any accessory applications.

    Why these two tools work well for training purposes is that both emulators has integrated support for a large numbers of applications and the use of simple user interface to emulate network environments. In addition, the tools are completely free to all students and teachers, therefore everyone have the same opportunities to access them. The report recommendation is to use the emulator CORE precisely because the utility has so many features integrated within itself, and it is such a simple tool to use.

  • 253.
    Anastasopoulos, M.
    et al.
    European Spallation Source, Lund.
    Bebb, R.
    European Spallation Source, Lund.
    Berry, K.
    Instrument and Source Division, Spallation Neutron Source, United States.
    Birch, J.
    Linköping University.
    Bryś, T.
    European Spallation Source, Lund.
    Buffet, J. -C
    Institute Laue Langevin, France.
    Clergeau, J. -F
    Institute Laue Langevin, France.
    Deen, P. P.
    European Spallation Source, Lund.
    Ehlers, G.
    Quantum Condensed Matter Division, Spallation Neutron Source, United States.
    Van Esch, P.
    Institute Laue Langevin, France.
    Everett, S. M.
    Instrument and Source Division, Spallation Neutron Source, United States.
    Guerard, B.
    Institute Laue Langevin, France.
    Hall-Wilton, Richard
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design. European Spallation Source, Lund.
    Herwig, K.
    Instrument and Source Division, Spallation Neutron Source, United States.
    Hultman, L.
    Linköping University.
    Höglund, C.
    Linköping University; European Spallation Source, Lund.
    Iruretagoiena, I.
    European Spallation Source, Lund.
    Issa, F.
    European Spallation Source, Lund.
    Jensen, J.
    Linköping University.
    Khaplanov, A.
    European Spallation Source, Lund.
    Kirstein, O.
    European Spallation Source, Lund.
    Higuera, I. L.
    European Spallation Source, Lund.
    Piscitelli, F.
    European Spallation Source, Lund.
    Robinson, L.
    European Spallation Source, Lund.
    Schmidt, S.
    European Spallation Source, Lund.
    Stefanescu, I.
    European Spallation Source, Lund.
    Multi-Grid detector for neutron spectroscopy: Results obtained on time-of-flight spectrometer CNCS2017In: Journal of Instrumentation, ISSN 1748-0221, E-ISSN 1748-0221, Vol. 12, no 4, article id P04030Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Multi-Grid detector technology has evolved from the proof-of-principle and characterisation stages. Here we report on the performance of the Multi-Grid detector, the MG.CNCS prototype, which has been installed and tested at the Cold Neutron Chopper Spectrometer, CNCS at SNS. This has allowed a side-by-side comparison to the performance of 3He detectors on an operational instrument. The demonstrator has an active area of 0.2 m2. It is specifically tailored to the specifications of CNCS. The detector was installed in June 2016 and has operated since then, collecting neutron scattering data in parallel to the He-3 detectors of CNCS. In this paper, we present a comprehensive analysis of this data, in particular on instrument energy resolution, rate capability, background and relative efficiency. Stability, gamma-ray and fast neutron sensitivity have also been investigated. The effect of scattering in the detector components has been measured and provides input to comparison for Monte Carlo simulations. All data is presented in comparison to that measured by the 3He detectors simultaneously, showing that all features recorded by one detector are also recorded by the other. The energy resolution matches closely. We find that the Multi-Grid is able to match the data collected by 3He, and see an indication of a considerable advantage in the count rate capability. Based on these results, we are confident that the Multi-Grid detector will be capable of producing high quality scientific data on chopper spectrometers utilising the unprecedented neutron flux of the ESS.

  • 254. Anderbrant, O
    et al.
    Hedenström, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Högberg, Hans-Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Pheromone mating disruption of the pine sawfly Neodiprion sertifer.: Is the size of the area important?2002In: IOBC/WPRS Bulletin, ISSN 1027-3115, Vol. 25, no 9, p. 111-116Article in journal (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    The success of mating disruption in relation to the area treated is discussed

  • 255. Anderbrant, O
    et al.
    Högberg, Hans-Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Hedenström, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Löfqvist, J
    Towards use of Pine Sawfly Pheromones in Forest Protection: Evalution of a Behavioural Antagonist for Mationg Disruption of Neodiprion sertifer1998In: Population Dynamics, Impacts and Integrated Management of Forest Defoliating Insects, 1998, p. 53-63Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 256. Anderbrant, O
    et al.
    Löfqvist, E
    Hedenström, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Högberg, Hans-Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Development of mating disruption for control of pine sawfly populations1995In: Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, ISSN 0013-8703, Vol. 74, no 1, p. 83-90Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 257. Anderbrant, O
    et al.
    Löfqvist, J
    Högberg, Hans-Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Hedenström, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Baldassari, N
    Baronio, P
    Kolmakova, G
    Lyons, B
    Naito, T
    Odinokov, V
    Simandl, J
    Suptashvili, A
    Tai, A
    Tourianov, R
    Geographic Variation in the Field Response of Male Pine Sawflies Neodiprion sertifer, to Different Pheromone Stereoisomers and Esters2000In: Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, ISSN 0013-8703, E-ISSN 1570-7458, Vol. 95, no 3, p. 229-239Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 258. Anderbrant, O
    et al.
    Löfqvist, J
    Högberg, Hans-Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Hedenström, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Wassgren, A.-B.
    Bergström, G
    Bengtsson, M
    Magnusson, G
    Field Response Of The Pine Sawfly Neodiprion-Sertifer To The Pheromone (2s,3s,7s)-Diprionyl Acetate And Its Stereoisomers1992In: Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, ISSN 0013-8703, Vol. 62, no 2, p. 169-181Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 259. Anderbrant, Olle
    et al.
    Lyons, D. Barry
    Bång, Joakim
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Hedenström, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Högberg, Hans-Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Sex Pheromone of the Introduced Pine Sawfly, Diprion similis (Diprionidae), Revisited: No Activity of Earlier Reported SynergistsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Extracts of Diprion similis females were found to contain about 15 ng of the sex pheromone precursor 3,7-dimethylpentadecan-2-ol per female. When analysing the extracts after derivatisation with (2S)-2-acetoxypropionyl chloride, we found that the major stereoisomer in the extract was (2S,3R,7R)-3,7-dimethylpentadecan-2-ol. Also other stereoisomers of 3,7-dimethylpentadecan-2-ol were identified in the extract namely, 1% of (2R,3S,7S) , 0.3% (2R,3R,7R) and 0.4% of (2R,3R,7S). An unknown fifth substance showed an identical spectrum to 3,7-dimethylpentadecan-2-ol, both in SIM and full scan mode. In field tests in Ontario, Canada, the earlier identified main pheromone component, viz. the propanoate of (2S,3R,7R)-3,7-dimethylpentadecan-2-ol, was tested alone and in combination with other stereoisomers, earlier reported to be synergistic. In none of the tests were any synergistic effects detected and the threo four-isomer blend was as attractive as the pure main compound. Thus, one of the few examples of a diprionid sawfly using more than one substance in its sex pheromone could not be confirmed. The results also suggest that monitoring programs can use the more easily synthesized threo-blend without losing efficiency.

  • 260. Anderbrant, Olle
    et al.
    Löfqvist, J
    Hedenström, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Högberg, Hans-Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Mating disruption of the Pine Sawfly Neodiprion sertifer (Hymenoptera: Dipionidae): Effects on Pheromone Trap Catch, Sex Ratio, Population Density and Tree Damage1995In: Behavior, population dynamics, and control of forest insects: Proceedings of the International Union of Forestry Research Organizations Joint conference, February 1994, 1995, p. 415-427Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 261.
    Anderbrant, Olle
    et al.
    Department of Biology, Lund University.
    Löfqvist, Jan
    Department of Plant Protection Science, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Alnarp.
    Hedenström, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Bång, Joakim
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Tai, Akira
    Faculty of Science, Himeji Institute of Technology, Kanaji Kamigor, Japan.
    Högberg, Hans-Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Field Response of Male Pine Sawflies, Neodiprion sertifer (Diprionidae), to Sex Pheromone Analogs in Japan and Sweden2010In: Journal of Chemical Ecology, ISSN 0098-0331, E-ISSN 1573-1561, Vol. 36, no 9, p. 969-977Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The pine sawfly Neodiprion sertifer (Geoffroy) uses the acetate or propionate of (2S,3S,7S)-3,7-dimethyl-2-pentadecanol (diprionol) as pheromone components, with the (2S,3R,7R)-isomer being antagonistic, synergistic, or inactive according to the population tested. In this study, we tested the attraction of males to the acetates of three analogs of diprionol, each missing one methyl group, viz. (2S,7S)-7-methyl-2-pentadecanol, (2S,6S)-2,6-dimethyl-1-tetradecanol, and (2S,3S)-3-methyl-2-pentadecanol. None of the analogs alone, or in combination with diprionol acetate, was attractive in Sweden, even at 100 times the amount of diprionol acetate attractive to N. sertifer. In Japan, the acetate of (2S,3S)-3-methyl-2-pentadecanol attracted males when tested in amounts 10–20 times higher than the acetate pheromone component. The acetate esters of the (2S,3R)-analog and the (2S,3R,7R)-isomer of diprionol also were tested in combination with the pheromone compound (acetate ester). Both compounds caused an almost total trap-catch reduction in Sweden, whereas in Japan they appear to have relatively little effect on trap capture when added to diprionol acetate. Butyrate and iso-butyrate esters of diprionol were unattractive to N. sertifer in Sweden. In summary, there exists geographic variation in N. sertifer in responses to both diprionyl acetate and some of its analogs.

  • 262. Anderbrant, Olle
    et al.
    Östrand, Fredrik
    Bergström, Gunnar
    Wassgren, Ann-Britt
    Auger-Rozenberg, Marie-Anne
    Geri, Claude
    Hedenström, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Högberg, Hans-Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Release of sex pheromone and its precursors in the pine sawfly Diprion pini (Hym., Diprionidae)2005In: Chemoecology, ISSN 0937-7409, E-ISSN 1423-0445, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 147-151Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The first identification of a sex pheromone of a pine sawfly (Hymenoptera, Diprionidae) dates back almost thirty years. Since then, female-produced pheromones of over twenty diprionid species have been investigated by solvent extraction followed by separation and identification. However, no study has shown what the females actually release. Collection of airborne compounds using absorbtion on charcoal filter as well as solid phase microextraction (SPME) followed by analysis employing gas chromatography combined with mass spectrometry (GC-MS), revealed an unusual system in Diprion pini, in which the pheromone precursor alcohol, 3,7-dimethyl-2-tridecanol, is released together with acetic, propionic, butyric and isobutyric acids. The corresponding acetate, propionate and butyrate esters of 3,7-dimethyl-2-tridecanol were also found in the samples. All esters were electrophysiologically active, and the propionate and isobutyrate were attractive in trapping experiments. Based on these and earlier reported results, it seems that at least in part of its range, the pheromone response of D. pini is not very specific with regard to the functional group, as long as this is an ester.

     

     

  • 263.
    Anderbrink, Emelie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Design.
    Att komma fram till en möjlig lösning av många: Pocketspring sits steg för steg2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsens upplägg beskriver med skisser och diskussioner med min lärare om hur man kan bygga upp en sits på en möbel med moderna stoppningstekniken. Med hjälp från skisser och förklaringar steg för steg hur man arbetar med modern stoppningsteknik. De material man använder inom traditinell stoppningsteknik är tagel, krollsprint och celocrin. Tagel består av hästhår, krollsprint är fibrer från dvärgpalm och celocrin kommer ifrån kokosfibrer. Det jag kommer fördjupa mig i denna uppsats är hur man bygger upp en möbel med modern stoppningsteknik från stomme till en färdig sits, som visas vilka material som används och varför, och hur man kommer fram till måtten. Under processens gång kommer skisser och beskrivningar visa möjliga lösningar.

    Slutresultatet visar en av flera möjliga lösningar om hur man kan arbeta i modern stoppningsteknik. 

  • 264. Andersen, A.
    et al.
    Örtegren, Jonas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Koelsch, P.
    Wantke, D.
    Motschmann, H.
    Oscillating Bubble SHG on Surface Elastic and Surface Viscoelastic Systems: New Insights in the Dynamics of Adsorption Layers2006In: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, ISSN 1520-6106, E-ISSN 1520-5207, Vol. 110, no 37, p. 18466-18472Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Surface rheology governs a great variety of interfacial phenomena such as foams or emulsions and plays a dominant role in several technological processes such as high-speed coating. Its major difference with bulk rheology resides in the high compressibility of the surface phase, which is the direct consequence of the molecular exchange between adsorbed and dissolved species. In analogy to bulk rheology, a complex surface dilational modulus, ε, which captures surface tension changes upon defined area changes of the surface layer, can be defined. The module ε is complex, and the molecular interpretation of the dissipative process that gives rise to the imaginary part of the module is subject to some controversy. In this contribution, we used the oscillating bubble technique to study the surface dilational modulus in the mid-frequency range. The dynamic state of the surface layer was monitored by a pressure sensor and by surface second-harmonic generation (SHG). The pressure sensor measures the real and imaginary part of the modulus while SHG monitors independently the surface composition under dynamic conditions. The experiment allows the assessment of the contribution of the compositional term to the surface dilational modulus ε. Two aqueous surfactant solutions have been characterized:  a surface elastic and a surface viscoelastic solution. The elastic surface layer can be described within the framework of the extended Lucassen−van den Tempel Hansen model. The change in surface concentration is in phase with the relative area change of the surface layer, which is in strong contrast with the results obtained from the surface viscoelastic solution. Here, surface tension, area change, and surface composition are phase-shifted, providing evidence for a nonequilibrium state within the surface phase. The data are used to assess existing surface rheology models.

  • 265.
    Anderson, Karen
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Archives and Computer Science.
    Archival Education2015In: Encyclopedia of Archival Science / [ed] Luciana Duranti, Patricia C. Franks, Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2015, p. 42-46Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this Encyclopedia is to present the various and evolving interpretations and perspectives on archival concepts, principles and practices.It is designed to aggregate the views of contemporary, well-established and highky regarded archival scholars and professionals and those of new and aspiring scholars and professionals into one, comprehensive work describing past achievements and leading the archival field toward the future.

  • 266.
    Anderson, Karen
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Archives and Computer Science.
    Building trust and confidence through sustainable information systems research: Towards a common future2015In: INFuture 2015: e-Institutions - Openness, Accessibility, and Preservation / [ed] Karen Anderson, Luciana Duranti, Rafal Jaworski, Hrvoje Stancic, Sanja Seljan, Vladimir Mateljan, Zagreb: Department of Information and Communication Sciences, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb , 2015, p. 9-18Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Information Systems research group at Mid Sweden University is the result of four separate groups, spread across three disciplines, artificially thrown together because we didn’t seem to fit into other developed research groups. What we were seen to have in common was ‘information’. The disciplines are: Archives and Information Science, Business Management and Organization, and Informatics.

    Shortly after this uncertain start, the University launched a demanding internal process for Assessment of Research and Coproduction (ARC13) over the previous five years. We didn’t have that much past together, so we set out to build ourselves a future, exploring our common interests as we gathered data for the evaluation. We pooled our research, hired a facilitator to help with a SWOT analysis, built trust within the group and achieved a remarkably good report from the external assessors. Participation in the multidisciplinary InterPARES Trust in Digital Records in an Increasingly Networked World Project has been an inspiring factor in the Archives and Information Science contribution to our new collaboration. Our Information Systems research group now focuses on five research challenges: Information value, quality, accessibility, sustainability and trustworthiness.  Now we are having fun exploring the possibilities, confident that our InfoSys research group has its own sustainable future.

  • 267.
    Anderson, Karen
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Careers and education in archives and records management2010In: Encyclopedia of Library and Information Sciences / [ed] Marcia J. Bates, CRC Press, 2010, 3rd, p. 755-762Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Educators and trainers in the field of archives and records management face the challenge of providing for practitioners with a widely varying educational background while preparing them for a professional environment that has changed rapidly in recent years.  Development of research programs is also crucial to the advancement of the profession and the survival of university-based professional education in the discipline.  Competency standards for records management are discussed, including their appropriate role in training and education for practioners. Examples of education and training programs from around the world are mentioned, although the coverage in this article is not intended to be exhaustive.  The role of professional associations as providers of training and in supporting and evaluating professional education programs is also addressed. The International Council on Archives Section for Archival Educators and Trainers provides a community of practice for educators and trainers. Its objectives and recent activities are described.

     

    A wide and growing range of career choices is available to archivists and records managers. Traditional employers are national and regional archives, but there are many opportunities for specialising in aspects of the profession and the types of organisations served by the archives. Professionals with the necessary expertise required to manage digital services are in demand. Initiatives to support people of indigenous origin joining the profession and encouragement for the development of community archives are an area of growing interest.

  • 268.
    Anderson, Karen
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Education and training for records professionals2007In: Records Management Journal, ISSN 0956-5698, E-ISSN 1758-7689, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 94-106Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This paper aims to explore the definitions of and the differences between education and training and the role of each in nurturing and supporting lifelong learning for records professionals: records managers and archivists.

     

    Design/methodology/approach – General definitions of “education”, “training”, “competence” and “competencies” have been deliberately selected as an accessible starting-point for reflection. Different models for competencies and the lack of consensus on what constitutes an appropriate competency model for the profession are considered.

     

    Findings – Education provides new professionals with knowledge of theory of the discipline and helps them to explore current practice. It provides the information-seeking skills and encourages a reflective habit that underpins independent lifelong learning. Training focuses on acquisition of specific skills and competencies necessary in the workplace. More is needed for a viable professional future; education for research is essential to the development of professional knowledge and for the survival of education programmes in universities.

     

    Practical implications – Professional associations as leaders of opinion and practice have an important role in finding the way forward. Although competency standards are more appropriate for evaluating training programmes, professional associations which have embraced competency standards have attempted to use them to evaluate education programmes, but prefer not to consider evaluating training programmes and training providers.

     

    Originality/value – This paper aims to raise awareness of the need to give appropriate weight to education, training and research to ensure that records professionals are known for high levels of competence as well as productive reflection and creative forward thinking.

     

     

  • 269.
    Anderson, Karen
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Archives and Computer Science.
    e-Institutions: Openness, Accessibility, and Preservation2015Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
  • 270.
    Anderson, Karen
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Encouraging collaborative learning through online discussion2006In: Authentic learning environments in higher education / Eds Herrington, A & Herrington, J, Hershey, P A: Idea Group Inc., 2006Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 271.
    Anderson, Karen
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Evidence and memory2007In: Libraries in the twenty-first century: Charting directions in information services, Wagga Wagga, New South Wales: Centre for Information Studies: Charles Sturt University , 2007, 1Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 272.
    Anderson, Karen
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Global archive and recordkeeping research agendas: encouraging participation and getting over the hurdles2007In: Journal of The Society of Archivists, ISSN 0037-9816, E-ISSN 1465-3907, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 35-46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The International Council on Archives Section for Archival Educators and Trainers (ICA/SAE) has had a research agenda as one of its projects for eight years, but to date there has been little contribution and no real outcomes. A research database has also been developed by ICA/SAE, with the purpose of documenting research projects of any size from dissertations to collaborative projects. It remains to encourage researchers and research students to record their projects and keep them up to date. One of the main barriers to developing strong research programmes in universities is the difficulty of developing a research culture in small programmes where academics carry heavy teaching and administrative loads. A learning community of potential researchers must be developed, as well as ways to encourage connections for future partnerships between experienced and novice researchers as well as between university-based researchers and practitioners. A few very successful collaborative research programmes have been developed and we can learn from them. These include InterPARES, the Records Continuum Research Group and the Cedars Project. They are exemplified by

    •a clear focus for their research;

    •collaboration between universities and industry partners;

    •a clear management structure and sound documentation;

    •a well-managed website for dissemination of research products.

  • 273.
    Anderson, Karen
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Implementing Enterprise Information Management: A Research- Based Approach in Two Swedish Municipalities.2010In: IQ (InfoRMAA Quarterly), ISSN 0816-200X, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 32-34Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An implementation program for organisation-wide recordkeeping systems in two Swedish local governments is being informed by a research-based approach in cooperation with Mid Sweden University. The Sundsvall and Härnösand municipalities will provide the platform for the Research Centre’s major project for 2009-2011, which brings together experience in researching recordkeeping issues in small and medium enterprises as well as expertise in enterprise information architecture and content management. The last two provide an umbrella for document, records and archives management, web content management and business process management. The aim of this enterprise information management strategy is to promote support by decision-makers for a whole of organisation approach to sound records and information management. The overall aim of the research program is to develop models and implementation methods that will support standards-compliant, efficient and long-term digital information management in both public and private organisations.

    Reproduced with permission of RIM Professionals Australasia, article first appeared in IQ magazine Vol 26 Issue 2, 2010

  • 274.
    Anderson, Karen
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Implementing Enterprise Information Management:: A Research- Based Approach in Two Swedish Municipalities: Part 22010In: IQ (InfoRMAA Quarterly), ISSN 0816-200X, Vol. 26, no 3, p. 34-37Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An implementation programme for organisation-wide recordkeeping systems in two Swedish local governments is being informed by a research-based approach in cooperation with Mid Sweden University. In the previous issue of iQ, (May, 2010), the author set out the parameters for the research. In this concluding part of the article, outcomes are discussed.

    Reproduced with permission of RIM Professionals Australasia, article first appeared in IQ magazine Vol 26 Issue 3, 2010

  • 275.
    Anderson, Karen
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Archives and Computer Science.
    Recordkeeping definitions in legislation:: a conceptual step towards smoothing business interaction in the digitally networked world?2013In: Archives: the Future: Australian Society of Archivists 2013 Conference / [ed] Shapley, Maggie, Canberra, 2013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Legislation is important to recordkeeping strategies and requirements, since it determines which records are needed for legally legitimate actions. Yet the concepts of a document, a record, a case, a transaction, etc., are frequently defined differently in various laws even within national boundaries and are urgently in need of harmonization to minimize complications and barriers to e-business transactions.

    Every country has its own legislation system which has been adjusted over time in correlation to national context and its surrounding society (Duranti, 1989-1990, p. 5). Duranti and Goh (2012) provided sound arguments as to why it is important to ensure national archival legislation keeps pace with our digitally networked society with its increasingly blurred borders. In addition to their own national law, members of the European Union (EU) are obliged to follow EU-legislation requirements. There are three types of EU legislation: regulations, directives and decisions. A regulation is applicable in all EU countries. Directives are general rules. A decision is a stipulation of issues of concern for specifically mentioned persons or organizations (European Commission, 2013).  Recommendations and statements are not binding, but may, for example, be used by the EU as support in interpretation of EU-legislation (Sveriges Riksdag, 2013). Hence, within public organizations, there is a close relation between records, recordkeeping processes, legislation and accountability.  Yet research in Sweden has shown that 24/7 e-service web-interfaces serving e-government strategies and ambitions are sometimes developed without consulting recordkeeping professionals, in ignorance of legal requirements for capture of records and that preservation issues are rarely considered when acquiring new digital systems (Kallberg, Svärd and Sundberg, 2010). Several other European studies also identify a lack of recordkeeping awareness within public organizations (Barata, 2004; Valtonen, 2007; Shepherd, Stevenson, & Flinn, 2009; Riksarkivet, 2010). However, there is currently a strong European political ambition to implement eGovernment services, which aims to promote cross-border business development. On the other hand, this challenges archival thinking to meet business, technological and legal requirements stipulated for each country. Varying legal definitions used can cause major problems for transactions both within a country and across national borders, even in something as seemingly simple as exchanging e-invoices. This paper will discuss an approach to identifying a way forward for harmonizing legislation that contains recordkeeping requirements across the EU.

    • Identifying the range of / types of laws within countries and EU that define a record
    • Using the ICA multilingual terminology database, to check and add to definitions already found there
    • Checking against definitions found in international standards.

    Research towards harmonizing these crucial definitions will be very challenging, given linguistic and cultural differences but the ICA multilingual terminology database is a potential vehicle for checking existing usage, adding to the definitions and quotations from legalislation and the literature already found there and adding new terms. The foundation version of the ICA-funded Terminology Database, developed as an ICA Section for Archival Educators’ project led and hosted by the University of British Columbia, contains definitions with examples of usage for an initial 300 archival terms across 16 languages. It is planned for public release in the first half of 2013.

    References

    Barata, K. (2004). Archives in the Digital Age. Journal of the Society of Archivists, 25(1), 63-70.

    Duranti, L. (1989-1990). Diplomatics: New Uses for an Old Science (Part II). Archivaria, 29, 4-17.

    European Commission (2013). Legislation Retrieved 5 February, 2013, from http://ec.europa.eu/legislation/index_en.htm

    Goh, E., Duranti, L. and Chu, S. (2012). Archival legislation for engendering trust in an increasingly networked digital environment. Paper presented at A climate of change: International Council on Archives Congress, Brisbane, 20-24 August, 2012. Retrieved 3 March 2013 from: http://www.ica2012.com/files/data/Full%20papers%20upload/ica12Final00287.pdf

    Kallberg, M. , Svärd, P. & Sundberg, H. (2010). Improving Local Government - A Survey of Problems.  Proceedings of the IADIS International Conference e-Society 2010. pp. 76-84.

    Riksarkivet (2010). Rapport rörande enkätundersökning - myndigheters hantering av elektroniska handlingar. Stockholm: Riksarkivet.

    Shepherd, E., Stevenson, A., & Flinn, A. (2009). The Impact of Freedom of Information on Records Management and Record Use in Local Government: A Literature Review. Journal of the Society of Archivists, 30(2, October ), 227-248.

    Sveriges Riksdag (2013). EU-upplysningen Retrieved 6 February, 2013, from http://www.eu-upplysningen.se/Om-EU/Om-EUs-lagar-och-beslutsfattande/EU-rattsliga-principer/

    Valtonen, M. R. (2007). Documentation in pre-trial investigation, A study of using the records continuum model as a records management tool. Records Management Journal, 17(3), 179-185.

  • 276.
    Anderson, Karen
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Systems and Technology.
    Research in the Archival Multiverse: book review2017In: Archives and Manuscripts, ISSN 0157-6895, E-ISSN 2164-6058, Vol. 45, no 2, p. 169-170Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 277.
    Anderson, Karen
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Teaching about Electronic Records in an Online Learning Environment2005In: Archival Science, ISSN 1389-0166, E-ISSN 1573-7500, Vol. 5, no 2-4, p. 379-389Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The author, a senior lecturer at Edith Cowan University in Australia, discusses the literature used to teach macroappraisal of electronic records through distance education techniques within an environment rooted in the Australian records continuum. In this context, students are given a sound grounding in systems analysis and design, as well as functional appraisal and the importance of metadata. A key teaching element is the International Standards Organization’s Information and Documentation – Records Management (ISO 15489), which she demonstrates has strong parallels to the principles of systems analysis and design.

     

  • 278.
    Anderson, Karen
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    When is a record archival?: The Australian Approach to Recordkeeping2009In: Zwischen analog und digital - Schriftgutverwaltung als Herausforderung fur Archive. Beiräge zum 13. / [ed] Lutz, Alexandra, Marburg: Archivschule Marburg , 2009, p. 59-72Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Australian archival authorities take a very active role in setting records management standards, providing guidelines for records managers in their work and approving records retention and disposal schedules for state and national government agencies. Thus ‘archivists’ in Australia have a very strong role in records management processes. There are two principal drivers for this approach: one is the practical matter of capturing and managing digital records, and the other is the acceptance of the Records continuum theoretical model. This paper  outlines some specific approaches taken to identifying and managing archival records in Australian government systems and how this affects the structure of the recordkeeping professions and professional education.

  • 279.
    Anderson, Karen
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Bastian, Jeanette
    Graduate School of Library and Information, Simmons College, 300 The Fenway, Boston, MA 02115, United States.
    Harvey, Ross
    Graduate School of Library and Information, Simmons College, 300 The Fenway, Boston, MA 02115, United States.
    Plum, Terry
    Graduate School of Library and Information, Simmons College, 300 The Fenway, Boston, MA 02115, United States.
    Samuelsson, Göran
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Teaching to trust: How a virtual archives and preservation curriculum laboratory creates a global education community?2011In: Archival Science, ISSN 1389-0166, E-ISSN 1573-7500, Vol. 11, no 3-4, p. 349-372Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Building virtual archives and preservation curriculum laboratories centered around born-digital and digitized records is a collaborative project currently underway between Simmons College (US) and Mid-Sweden University. In this virtual environment, issues of trust are central to the process, in terms of the both archival curriculum and the collaborative education process itself. The article describes the project, the collaboration, and offers a range of scenarios that demonstrate how the laboratories work within curriculum.

  • 280.
    Anderson, Karen
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Archives and Computer Science.
    Bastian, Jeannette A
    Simmons College, Graduate School of Library and Information Science.
    Flinn, Andrew
    University College London.
    Mapping international core archives curriculum2013In: ICA-SAE Conference papers: Innovation and Engagement in Archival Education.: 3rd Asia Pacific Conference on Archival Education / [ed] Ricardo L. Punzalan, International Council on Archives, Section for Archival Education and Training , 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the possibilities for international common core curricula across archival education programmes in three ways. Three universities’ existing but independently developed curricula are analysed to identify common core content. The development of the programmes over time is also described noting some of the influences that have contributed to the current content of the three programmes.            A survey of the views of archival educators on the possibilities and the barriers to developing and sharing courses internationally was also conducted. Some attempts to cooperatively develop shared courses across international borders are also described, demonstrating that collaboration between archival educators is in progress.

  • 281.
    Anderson, Karen
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Bastian, Jeannette A
    Simmons College, Graduate School of Library and Information Science.
    Flinn, Andrew
    University College London.
    Samuelsson, Göran
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Virtual experiments in collaborative archival education:: constructing a digital laboratory for digital learning2012In: Comma: International Journal on Archives, ISSN 2049-3355, no 2, p. 97-104Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable archives and preservation education in a global digital society demand collaborative frameworks and multiple, geographically diverse partnerships.  This poses considerable challenges for educators. A consortium between archival education programs at University College London, Mid Sweden University and Simmons College, Boston, is addressing these challenges within an innovative virtual learning environment developed, built and shared among the three schools. Participants from each of the three programs describe, analyze and demonstrate ongoing collaboration, research and curriculum development unified through the Digital Curriculum Laboratory (DCL). They also explore the implications of these types of learning resources and collaborative approaches for supporting archives education internationally. 

  • 282.
    Anderson, Karen
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Borglund, Erik AM
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Samuelsson, Göran
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Mature Public e-Services Without Mature Recordkeeping – An Impossibility?2010In: iRMA Information and Records Management Annual, ISSN 1836-3202, p. 71-82Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish Government has established the eGovernment Delegation agency to identify and support excellence in e-government implementation strategies. This agency has commenced working with the National Archives, to ensure that archival requirements are addressed when developing new e-services. However, the prevailing view of archives is a traditional curatorial approach, which focuses on capturing the end product once actions have been completed. In the digital environment, the prevailing archival practice frameworks are not adequate to the task of capturing the full digital context and process that is essential for a complete record. Previously, when paper records were aggregated on a physical file, the full record of processes was more likely to be captured and managed for the long term.

    Results from two empirical case studies will be used to present and illustrate the risks and problems generated by an approach where the records are not identified and captured until late in the business process. In this paper the term post hoc approach to records capture is used to describe the method whereby an attempt is made to capture records, including the necessary metadata, after they are created, without prior planning or system design. One of the Swedish eGovernment Delegation’s aims is to motivate public agencies to reach level four on Layne and Lee’s e-government maturity model, that is, full integration of interaction between agencies and citizens. However, the model does not incorporate any recordkeeping requirements in its maturity benchmarks. It is clear these kinds of e-services are so complex that late intervention by archivists will not be adequate for needed recordkeeping support and long-term preservation. So it is essential that guidance on archival preservation of integrated e-services is made available as soon as possible, particularly as current trends in government indicate that e-services will be outsourced to private providers.

    Strategies are proposed for including recordkeeping re- quirements in e-service models. Advantageously, this can be done using existing benchmarking tools such as GARP, ISO 15489, ISO 30301 and the ICA Principles and Functional Requirements for Records In Electronic Office Environments. 

  • 283.
    Anderson, Karen
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Archives and Computer Science.
    Engvall, Tove
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Archives and Computer Science.
    Klett, Elisabeth
    Open data through the archive: A new role for archivists2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of the archivist in exploiting and accessing open data as public records in an open government environment is explored.  The possible role, responsibilities and mandate of an archivist in this new public sector context are examined. Necessary knowledge, skills and competence are identified. 

    Content:

    Expectations of a more proactive release of public records and technical developments that support new ways of publishing and reusing digital information, for example as open data on the internet, create new challenges and change the way public records are managed and made accessible to citizens, which will also involve new professions in the management of records. Fundamentally this raises questions of how, in this new management environment, the trustworthiness of the records could be maintained and how the archives and records management profession could contribute to this, related to other professionals involved in these processes.

    In Sweden there is a long tradition of openness and citizens´ right to access public records. But with the implementation of e-government follows a new perception of what openness means and “open government” is a concept that seems to go further and be more proactive. A part of this study will be to analyze and define what is meant by ‘open government’ and ‘open data’ as they are used in Sweden, i.e. how ‘open data’ differs from ‘public records’ for example. In Sweden there is no formal records manager profession, but the archivist often does the corresponding work. That is why this project also includes the archivists´ role in the open government environment.

    This study will reflect upon the archivists´ role in this process and what is needed to ensure a trusted proactive release of public records. To identify what skills, guidelines, knowledge and mandate are needed. The study will focus on StockholmCity’s work on open data, which is an important part of the open government agenda, through the perspective of Stockholm City Archives.

    Scientific contribution:

    Case study methods are used to examine the role of the archivist in the domain of access to public records in an open government and open data environment. The study examines what role an archivist in the public sector currently has, and what knowledge, skills and competence are needed for these new challenges.

    Interpretation of existing work and the perception of the situation by practicing archivists in this changing environment provide valuable data. The case study is based on the City of Stockholm because it is quite progressive in its work on open data. It is now running an open data project, in which the Stockholm City Archive plays an active role. The role of the archivist in practice, experiences and possible needs and missing factors will be explored. Data will be collected by interviews and text analysis. Needed strategies and guidelines will be identified.

  • 284.
    Anderson, Karen
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Archives and Computer Science.
    Oliver, G.
    School of Information Management, Victoria University of Wellington, PO Box 600Wellington, New Zealand .
    Yakel, E.
    School of Information, University of Michigan, 105 South State Street, 4323 North QuadAnn Arbor, MI, United States .
    In Memoriam: Terry Cook (1947–2014)2014In: Archival Science, ISSN 1389-0166, E-ISSN 1573-7500, Vol. 14, no 3-4, p. 205-206Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 285.
    Anderson, Karen
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Samuelsson, G.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Jansson, M. M.
    Benchmarking information management practice and competence in swedish organizations2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 286.
    Anderson, Karen
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Archives and Computer Science.
    Samuelsson, Göran
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Archives and Computer Science.
    Berggren, Stefan
    Kommunarkivet Härnösand.
    Kallberg, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Archives and Computer Science.
    Klareld, Ann-Sofie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Archives and Computer Science.
    Olsson, Annalena
    Riksarkivet.
    Projektet God Informationsförvaltning2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är den första publikationen i skriftserien Arkiv- och informationsvetenskap vid Mittuniversitetet producerad av Centrum för digital informationsförvaltning (CEDIF) vid Avdelningen för Arkiv- och Datavetenskap (ADV), Mittuniversitetet. Rapporten redovisar delar av det projektarbete som genomförts under namnet GoInfo (God Informationsförvaltning), under åren 2012-2015 med medel från Länsstyrelsen Västernorrland, Mittuniversitetet, Härnösands kommun och Riksarkivet Härnösand. Skriftserien är inspirerad av den tidigare rapportserien Arkiv-och informationsvetenskap vid Mitthögskolan, som utkom med sex nummer åren 1999-2000. I förordet till det första numret skrev redaktör Torbjörn Kjölstad “Det är vår förhoppning att rapportserien skall kunna förmedla en del av arkiv- och informationsvetenskapliga verksamheten vid Mitthögskolan. Vi har naturligtvis en strävan att presentera nya resultat inom detta mycket breda forskningsområde men också – och väl så viktigt – nya problemställningar och metodiska experiment”1. Vårt mål med den aktuella serien är densamma som i den tidigare: att dela med oss och sprida resultaten av vår forskning och kunskap.Ämnet arkivkunskap och dokumenthantering startade läsåret 1988/89 som en grundkurs vid Högskolan i Sundsvall/Härnösand, som senare blev Mitthögskolan. 1997 bedömde Högskoleverket att det uppfyllde kraven för magisterutbildning och magisterexamen och samma år ändrades benämningen till arkiv- och informationsvetenskap och år 2005 blev Mitthögskolan fullvärdigt universitet - Mittuniversitetet. Sedan universitet har fått ett allt större fokus på forskning så har också vårt ämne försökt att etablera en mer uttalad forskningsplattform. Det första större projekt ”Framtidens Arkiv” kom också att utgöra startskott för en rekrytering av en professur som tillsattes 2008. I Framtidens Arkiv rekryterades också ett par doktorander Erik Borglund och Lena-Maria Öberg som i anslutning till det projektet och via projekt som Bygga Villa och SMEdoc också disputerade.2 I slutet av 2009 beviljades medel till projekt CEDIF, som fick stöd av EU Europeiska regionala utvecklingsfond, Länsstyrelsen Västernorrland, Mittuniversitetet, Härnösands kommun och Sundsvalls kommun 2009-2012. Projektet syftade till att utveckla modeller för effektiv och långsiktig förvaltning av information inom framför allt offentlig sektor men även privat näringsliv. Inom detta projekt rekryterades doktorander Maria Kallberg och Proscovia Svärd. Maria Kallberg avslutade i december 2013 sin forskarutbildning inom GoInfo med avhandlingen ’The Emperor’s New Clothes’ - Recordkeeping in a New Context3, och samtidigt vinnare av Bureanska priset vid Mittuniversitetet. 2009 doktorerade Anneli Sundqvist med avhandlingen Search Processes, User Behaviour and Archival Representational Systems4.När detta skrivs är totalt tre doktorander aktiva vid avdelningen. Inom GoInfo har Ann-Sofie Klareld varit aktiv som doktorand. Ämnet arkiv- och informationsvetenskap har växt och mognat sedan starten 1988-1989. Utbildningen på grund- och masternivå har utökats med utbildning på forskarnivå och ett forskningsprogram.Sidorna som följer innehåller summeringar och reflektioner från GoInfo. Först ut är projektledaren Göran Samuelsson, som inleder med en övergripande beskrivning. Kapitlen som följer speglar GoInfos delprojekt och forskningsresultat. Ann-Sofie Klareld har skrivit om Arkivets roll inom e-förvaltningen. Sedan får vi insikter från Ann-Sofie Klareld och Annalena Olsson, (Riksarkivet i Härnösand) om Arkivmyndighetens roll i samarbets- och utvecklingsprojekt, utifrån Riksarkivets deltagande i flera projekt, inte minst e-ARD5, sponsrat av e-Delegationen. Karen Anderson och Göran Samuelsson presenterar i kapitlet Omvärldsanalys och teoretiska utgångspunkter de influenser som påverkat vår forskning, som bland annat haft en bas i den modell för informationsförsörjning som utvecklats av Göran Samuelsson. Kapitlet innehåller även några preliminära tankar om hur vi kan använda modellen i anslutning till de mer teoretiska modeller som används inom arkivvetenskap och praktik som; livscykelmodellen, Records Continuum modellen och OAIS-modellen. I kapitlet Myndighetsnätverket och GoInfo, rapporterar Ann-Sofie Klareld om hennes aktionsforskning och utmaningen att balansera rollen som forskare med förväntningar på verksamhetsutveckling. De följande tre kapitlen presentera mer konkreta forskning- och utvecklings ansatser i den kommunala miljön med ett stort fokus på GoInfos samverkans partner Härnösands kommun. Göran Samuelsson och Stefan Berggren ger ett Förslag till modell för strategiarbete för god informationsförvaltning, med användning av några av standarderna kring verksamhetsinformation bland annat ISO/SS 30300 och Riksarkivets RA FS 2009:16.Maria Kallberg skriver om Centraliserad diariefunktion, ett projekt som hon initierade i sin roll som kommunarkivarie i Härnösands kommun och sedan fortsatte att utforska som en del av sitt doktorandprojekt. Stefan Berggren, nuvarande kommunarkivarie i Härnösands kommun, och Göran Samuelsson beskriver sedan arbetet med hantera kommunens lönedata och hur man integrerar den nuvarande digitala hanteringen med äldre pappersbaserade informationen i kapitlet Lönedatafångst. I detta arbete har man försökt att praktiskt tillämpa de framtagna de förvaltningsgemensamma specifikationer för personalsystem (FGS Personal), som togs fram under e-ARD projektet. I ett avslutande avsnitt skriver Göran Samuelsson om Bevarande av geodata, ett alltmer viktigt område eftersom ’everything happens somewhere’ och att dessa data integreras med alltfler verksamhetssystem.Vår förhoppning är att du som läsarna ska kunna dra nytta av och även hämta kunskap från vår forskning, samt inspireras och utmanas att delta och bidra till den framtida arkiv- och informationsvetenskapliga forskningen.

  • 287.
    Anderson, Karen
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Samuelsson, Göran
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Morner Jansson, Marie
    Benchmarking Information Management Practice and Competence in Swedish Organizations2011In: Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Information Management and Evaluation: University of Insubria, Como, Italy. 8-9 September 2011 / [ed] Walter Castelnovo and Elena Ferrari, Reading, UK: Academic Conferences Limited, 2011, p. 28-36Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As organizations transform towards e-service provision and operations sophisticated, organization-wide approaches to information management are required. However, there is reason to believe that few organizations have developed a fully holistic approach to thinking about developing and managing their information assets to ensure their current and future accessibility and usability. There is an increasing awareness of the need to design systems that ensure information is accessible and re-usable, yet vital information often becomes increasingly inaccessible over time, to the disadvantage of business intelligence, business needs, customer service and regulatory requirements. An extensive survey of the state of the art of information management within Swedish organizations was undertaken to gain an understanding of current approaches, what competence is currently available within organizations and what competencies are perceived to be lacking or need development to ensure sustainable management of information as a business asset. This paper presents insights into how well or poorly records managers’ and archivists’ expertise is incorporated into whole- of-organization strategic planning for information management. It was rare to find collaboration between enterprise information architects and IT professionals with the recordkeeping professionals, who have expertise in structuring information and metadata as well as system requirements that contribute to ensuring long-term preservation, which would potentially minimize the proliferation of legacy systems from which records and information are very costly or impossible to migrate or extract. Many archivists considered that it is not their role to participate in wider information management strategies, preferring to focus on the capture of records into an ’e-archive’ without recognizing that information in the archive is a potentially re-usable business asset. This initial research contributes to an understanding of information cultures within organizations. It is intended to be used as a benchmark: follow-up studies are planned at regular intervals in the future to measure change in practice, attitudes and professional alliances to improve information management.

  • 288.
    Anderson, Mattias
    et al.
    AlbaNova Univ Ctr, KTH Royal Inst Technol, Sch Biotechnol, Div Ind Biotechnol, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Afewerki, Samson
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Berglund, Per
    AlbaNova Univ Ctr, KTH Royal Inst Technol, Sch Biotechnol, Div Ind Biotechnol, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Cordova, Armando
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences. Stockholm Univ, Dept Organ Chem, Arrhenius Lab, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Total Synthesis of Capsaicin Analogues from Lignin-Derived Compounds by Combined Heterogeneous Metal, Organocatalytic and Enzymatic Cascades in One Pot2014In: Advanced Synthesis and Catalysis, ISSN 1615-4150, E-ISSN 1615-4169, Vol. 356, no 9, p. 2113-2118Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The total synthesis of capsaicin analogues was performed in one pot, starting from compounds that can be derived from lignin. Heterogeneous palladium nanoparticles were used to oxidise alcohols to aldehydes, which were further converted to amines by an enzyme cascade system, including an amine transaminase. It was shown that the palladium catalyst and the enzyme cascade system could be successfully combined in the same pot for conversion of alcohols to amines without any purification of intermediates. The intermediate vanillyl-amine, prepared with the enzyme cascade system, could be further converted to capsaicin analogues without any purification using either fatty acids and a lipase, or Schotten-Baumann conditions, in the same pot. An aldol compound (a simple lignin model) could also be used as starting material for the synthesis of capsaicin analogues. Using l-alanine as organocatalyst, vanillin could be obtained by a retro-aldol reaction. This could be combined with the enzyme cascade system to convert the aldol compound to vanillylamine in a one-step one-pot reaction.

  • 289.
    Andersson, Andreas
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Sustainable Building Engineering. Uppsala University, Uppsala.
    Falck, E.
    Univ Ctr Svalbard, Dept Arctic Geophys, Longyearbyen, Norway.
    Sjöblom, A.
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Earth Sci, Uppsala; Univ Ctr Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway.
    Kljun, N.
    Swansea Univ, Swansea, Wales.
    Sahlee, E.
    Uppsala Univ, Uppsala.
    Omar, A. M.
    Bjerknes Ctr Climate Res, Bergen, Norway.
    Rutgersson, A.
    Uppsala Univ, Uppsala.
    Air-sea gas transfer in high Arctic fjords2017In: Geophysical Research Letters, ISSN 0094-8276, E-ISSN 1944-8007, Vol. 44, no 5, p. 2519-2526Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Arctic fjords and high-latitude seas, strong surface cooling dominates during a large part of the year, generating water-side convection (w(*w)) and enhanced turbulence in the water. These regions are key areas for the global carbon cycle; thus, a correct description of their air-sea gas exchange is crucial. CO2 data were measured via the eddy covariance technique in marine Arctic conditions and reveal that water-side convection has a major impact on the gas transfer velocity. This is observed even at wind speeds as high as 9ms(-1), where convective motions are generally thought to be suppressed by wind-driven turbulence. The enhanced air-sea transfer of CO2 caused by water-side convection nearly doubled the CO2 uptake; after scaled to open-sea conditions the contribution from w(*w) to the CO2 flux remained as high as 34%. This phenomenon is expected to be highly important for the total carbon uptake in marine Arctic areas.

  • 290.
    Andersson, Andreas
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering. Uppsala University, Uppsala.
    Sjöblom, A.
    Uppsala University, Uppsala; University Centre in Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway.
    Sahlée, E.
    Uppsala University, Uppsala.
    Falck, E.
    University Centre in Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway.
    Rutgersson, A.
    Uppsala University, Uppsala.
    Enhanced Air–Sea Exchange of Heat and Carbon Dioxide Over a High Arctic Fjord During Unstable Very-Close-to-Neutral Conditions2019In: Boundary-layer Meteorology, ISSN 0006-8314, E-ISSN 1573-1472, Vol. 170, no 3, p. 471-488Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Eddy-covariance measurements made in the marine atmospheric boundary layer above a high Arctic fjord (Adventfjorden, Svalbard) are analyzed. When conditions are unstable, but close to neutral −0.1 < z/L < 0, where z is the height, and L is the Obukhov length, the exchange coefficient for sensible heat CH is significantly enhanced compared with that expected from classical surface-layer theory. Cospectra of the vertical velocity component (w) and temperature (T) reveal that a high-frequency peak develops at f ≈ 1 Hz for z/L > − 0.15. A quadrant analysis reveals that the contribution from downdrafts to the vertical heat flux increases as conditions become close to neutral. These findings are the signature of the evolving unstable very-close-to-neutral (UVCN) regime previously shown to enhance the magnitude of sensible and latent heat fluxes in the marine surface layer over the Baltic Sea. Our data reveal the significance of the UVCN regime for the vertical flux of the carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration (C). The cospectrum of w and C clearly shows how the high-frequency peak grows in magnitude for z/L > − 0.15, while the high-frequency peak dominates for z/L > − 0.02. As found for the heat flux, the quadrant analysis of the CO2 flux shows a connection between the additional small-scale turbulence and downdrafts from above. In contrast to the vertical fluxes of sensible and latent heat, which are primarily enhanced by the very different properties of the air from aloft (colder and drier) during UVCN conditions, the increase in the air–sea transfer of CO2 is possibly a result of the additional small-scale turbulence causing an increase in the water-side turbulence. The data indicate an increase in the gas-transfer velocity for CO2 for z/L > − 0.15 but with a large scatter. During the nearly 2 months of continuous measurements (March–April 2013), as much as 36% of all data are associated with the stability range −0.15 < z/L < 0, suggesting that the UVCN regime is of significance in the wintertime Arctic for the air–sea transfer of heat and possibly also CO2.

  • 291.
    Andersson, Annica
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System Science.
    Kriskommunikation i sociala medier: En fallstudie av skogsbranden i Pålgård sommaren 20182019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays many people get together in social networks, which is also a place where you seek information about current events. It’s possible to ask questions and communicate in real time which can be useful in case of crisis. Content in social network is generated by users which also could make it a place for spreading of rumors. The purpose of this work was to investigate the use of social networks and its importance and limitations during the different phases of a crisis. The research was a case study where The use of social networks during the wildfires in Pålgård in the summer of 2018 was investigated. Data collection was performed by interviews, documentary research of social networks and background information. The interviewees’ respondents have been appointed through exploratory selection. Four respondents represent different actors who collaborated during the forest fire in Pålgård 2018. One of the respondents administers a Facebook group that was frequently used during the event. The last respondent is a private person who is also the station manager’s siblings. This respondent initially helped the sibling to coordinate volunteer efforts in the abovementioned Facebook group. Social media has a great potential when it comes to reaching out to many in a short time. Regarding the forest fire in Pålgård, Facebook has primarily been used to share information, coordinate efforts, offer help and questions. Even traditional media uses their Facebook channels to share their news. In order to avoid speculation and misunderstanding, which can lead to rumor spread, it is of great importance that there is accurate and reliable information available to the public, and that their questions are answered. This is something social media can be used for.

  • 292.
    Andersson, Anton
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Urborn, Christoffer
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Journalistiken förändras: En kvantitativ innehållsanalys av hur mycket textreklam som finns i tre svenska lokaltidningar2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem definition and purpose: The media industry is a sphere faced with constant challenges. Technological inventions and economy are changing the rules of how and what media reports. To be able to stay current and make profit the newspapers have to adapt new thinking and evolve. In Sweden the journalistic union have stated that the line between editorial material and advertisement has became thinner. The purpose of this study is therefore to examine the state of three local newspapers today and the ten years back. It will examine if the occurence of what can be define as advetorial news – articles made by the newspapers own reporters but which serve and obvious profit for a second part – has increased or decreased. Method and material: To find an answer to the purpose of this thesis a quantitative content analysis have been done on a total of 1005 local news articles from three Swedish local newspapers in 2005 and 2015. Main result: The result of the content analysis shows that news defined as advetorial occur more frequently in two of the three studied news papers 2015 compared to 2005, while news defined as advetorial decreased in one of the news papers. The result also show that the total number of local news articles has decreased from 2005 to 2015.

  • 293.
    Andersson, E.
    et al.
    Umeå universitet.
    Nilsson, Christer
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Temporal variation in the drift of plant litter and propagules in a small boreal river2002In: Freshwater Biology, ISSN 0046-5070, E-ISSN 1365-2427, Vol. 47, no 9, p. 1674-1684Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    1. Rivers are linear ecosystems across landscapes with an effective transport of organisms, sediment and organic matter. Dispersal is studied mostly during single events and for single species, and there is little knowledge on how the drift of plant litter and propagules varies within and between years for entire communities. 2. We used floating traps for collecting waterborne plant litter and propagules in a small boreal river over 2 years. We installed the traps at four different locations along the river, and emptied them at least once a week during the ice-free season. We analysed propagule content by sorting and identifying species and through germination tests on bare soil. 3. In total, we recorded at least 54 taxa in the samples, and the highest density recorded in one sample was 5000 propagules per 100 g litter (dry weight). Large temporal variations in litter and propagule transport were revealed, both within and between years. 4. The longitudinal pattern was consistent between years, with an increasing mass of litter and number of propagule taxa downstream. The results highlight the importance of the temporal and longitudinal dimensions in river management.

  • 294. Andersson, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Nilsson, Christer
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Johansson, M. E.
    Effects of river fragmentation on plant dispersal and riparian flora2000In: Rivers Research and Applications: an international journal devoted to river research and management, ISSN 1535-1459, E-ISSN 1535-1467, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 83-89Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We evaluated the effects of river fragmentation by dams on hydrochory (i.e. plant dispersal by water) and on plant distribution by comparing two adjacent rivers in northern Sweden, one free-flowing and the other regulated. We collected stranded drift material from both rivers in order to quantify the drift material and its species content. We also estimated the floristic continuity along the two rivers by comparing the drift flora with the riparian flora further upstream. The drift amount deposited on the riverbank, its species richness and its contribution to the species pool were higher in the free-flowing than in the regulated river. The floristic continuity was also higher in the free-flowing than in the regulated river.

  • 295. Andersson, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Nilsson, Christer
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Johansson, M. E.
    Plant dispersal in boreal rivers and its relation to the diversity of riparian flora2000In: Journal of Biogeography, ISSN 0305-0270, E-ISSN 1365-2699, Vol. 27, no 5, p. 1095-1106Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim The paper has four major objectives: (1) to determine whether diaspore mimics accurately represent dispersal dynamics of real diaspores in a free-flowing river; (2) to estimate distance travelled and reasons for stranding of floating diaspores along a free-flowing river; (3) to test if species composition and seedling recruitment vary with the ability of the riverbank to trap waterborne drift; and (4) to compare diaspore dispersal in a free-flowing river with that in a regulated river where current velocity has been reduced. Location The field work was conducted in two 7th-order boreal rivers in northern Sweden, the free-flowing Vindel River and the regulated Ume River. Methods We performed a series of dispersal experiments. We tested the usefulness wooden cubes of diaspore mimics for performing dispersal experiments by releasing cubes and achenes of Helianthus annuus and compare their dispersal patterns in the free-flowing Vindel River. We used the cubes to identify 50-m long sections along the river with different trapping capacity, i.e. the number of stranded diaspore mimics within a 50-m section. We then related the number of stranded diaspore mimics to the vascular plant flora, the proportions of species with long or short floating times (i.e. more than or less than 2 days, respectively), the number of seedlings, and to environmental variables within the sections. We also released wooden cubes in a run-of-river impoundment to determine the dispersal capacity of diaspores in a regulated river. Results The cubes were useful as diaspore mimics. They dispersed similarly to achenes of H. annuus. The stranding pattern of diaspore mimics was significantly associated with water current. Species richness of vascular plants per 50-m section increased with the number of stranded mimics. Seedling recruitment, and the proportions of species with short-floating and long-floating diaspores, did not vary with the number of stranded mimics. The ability of a river to transport diaspores downstream was strongly reduced by impoundment. Main conclusions We conclude that patterns of species richness of riparian vegetation is in part determined by the ability of the riverbank to trap waterborne diaspores, but differences in floating ability among species did not affect the species composition along free-flowing rivers.

  • 296.
    Andersson, Emma
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Buzuku, Kosovare
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Jönsson, Hanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
      Midlanda Flygplats intranät - ett hjälpverktyg eller ett informationsöverflöd?Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 297.
    Andersson, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information and Communication systems.
    Effektiv lagerstyrning med AHP och tvådimensionell artikelklassificering: En fallstudie på Permobil AB, Timrå2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Costs related to inventory are usually a significant amount of the company’s total assets. Despite this, companies in general don’t pay a lot of interest in it, even if the benefits from effective inventory are obvious when it comes to less tied up capital, increased customer satisfaction and better working environment.

    Permobil AB, Timrå is in an intense period when it comes to revenue and growth. The production unit is aiming for an increased output of 30 % in the next two years. To make this possible the company has to improve their way to distribute and handle material,The purpose of the study is to provide useful information and concrete proposals for action, so that the company can build a strategy for an effective and sustainable solution when it comes to inventory management.

    Alternative methods for making forecasts are suggested, in order to reach a more nuanced perception of different articles, and how they should be managed. Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) was used in order to give specially selected persons the chance to decide criteria for how the article should be valued. The criteria they agreed about were annual volume value, lead time, frequency rate and purchase price. The other method that was proposed was a two-dimensional model where annual volume value and frequency was the criteria that specified in which class an article should be placed. Both methods resulted in significant changes in comparison to the current solution.

    For the spare part inventory different forecast methods were tested and compared with the current solution. It turned out that the current forecast method performed worse than both moving average and exponential smoothing with trend. The small sample of ten random articles is not big enough to reject the current solution, but still the result is a reason enough, for the company to control the quality of the forecasts.

  • 298.
    Andersson, Felicia
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Kibe, Linnea
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Kommentarers påverkan på journalisterna: En studie om hur publikens interaktion via webben påverkar journalisterna och  hur det i sin tur påverkar journalistiken.2014Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Efter digitaliseringens framfart är det numera enkelt att som mediekonsument kommunicera med journalister och dess mediehus. Den här undersökningen fokuserar på hur publiken påverkar journalister i interaktionen via webben och hur det i sin tur påverkar journalistiken. Vi kom fram till att journalistiken inte påverkas av publiken i stor utsträckning. Men den ändras ibland på grund av rädsla för arga kommentarer eller påhopp. Interaktionen påverkar också journalistiken genom att nyheter skapas genom tips, råd och användarskapat innehåll. På så sätt har mediekonsumenter till viss del en inverkan på journalistiken.

  • 299.
    Andersson, Felicia
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Nedlund, Evelina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Invandringen till Sverige och hur medier gestaltar den: En uppsats om fyra svenska rikstäckande tidningars rapportering om invandring och deras överensstämmelse till verkligheten2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här uppsatsen är att undersöka hur invandring gestaltas i de fyra tidningarna Aftonbladet, Expressen, Dagens Nyheter och Svenska Dagbladet under tidsperioden januari 2010 till juni 2015. Den teori som uppsatsen har sin utgångspunkt i är gestaltningsteorin. Det uppstår ett problem om medierna gestaltar verkligheten på ett sätt som inte stämmer överens med den faktiska verkligheten. Eftersom nyheterna har en inverkan på människors attityder kan mediernas gestaltning av verkligheten också påverka deras bild av den faktiska verkligheten, vilket i sin tur kan påverka opinionen och demokratin. Resultaten visar att medierna rapporterat mer om flyktinginvandring än om någon annan typ av invandring. Tidningarna gestaltar även invandring som ett problem mer än dubbelt så ofta som den gestaltas som en tillgång. Det syns särskilt tydligt genom att den vanligaste gestaltningen är att invandring bidrar till att försvaga den sociala sammanhållningen i Sverige. En del av resultaten jämförs med statistik från Migrationsverket, vilket visar att den verklighet medierna förmedlar till stor del inte överensstämmer med den faktiska verkligheten.

  • 300.
    Andersson, Fredrik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information and Communication systems.
    Function Practice: Ett verktyg för att öva programmering2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As more and more people choose to learn programming it may be good to practicesolving problems by writing functions that can then be tested to see if theuser has succeeded. Function Practice is a service to be able to practice programmingin exactly this way, by solving tasks of writing functions in differentprogramming languages, the languages that will be used is Java, C ++ andPython. It also provides an easy and convenient way to create such tasks. Theaim of the project is to develop this service by creating a Web service that cancompile and run functions for the different languages, a website that users canwrite and test code, as well as a way to define the tasks to be solved, this is thentested with a user test in a smaller group to see how user-friendly it is, and thefunctionality is tested and compared with some previous solutions. The serviceis tested to see if additional security is needed by trying to run commands onthe host system. The conclusion of the project is that the functionality behindthe service works, however, that the website needs to be a little clearer for it tobe more user-friendly, and that the user should be able to get error messages incase something does not work to make it easier to know what they need to do.Security proves to be an important part when it is possible to execute commandson the host system which gives users full control of the system.

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