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  • 25001.
    Zillinger, Malin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Guidebooks and the city: Guided city tours in German guidebooks on Sweden2009In: Guiding and guided tours / [ed] Adolfsson, P., Dobers, P., Jonasson, M, Göteborg: BAS , 2009, 1, p. 129-146Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25002.
    Zillinger, Malin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Guided tourism: the role of guidebooks in German tourist behaviour in Sweden2007Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 25003.
    Zillinger, Malin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Om tyskarnas kärlek till älgen2008In: Jämten 2009, Östersund: Jamtli , 2008Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 25004.
    Zillinger, Malin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Organising tourism development in peripheral areas -the case of the Subarctic network in northern Sweden2003Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 25005.
    Zillinger, Malin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Organising tourism development in peripheral areas: the case of the Subarctic network in northern Sweden.2006In: Tourism in peripheries: perspectives from the north and south, Wallington: CABI Publishing, 2006, p. 53-68Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25006.
    Zillinger, Malin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The importance of guidebooks for the choice of tourist sites: a study of German tourists in Sweden.2006In: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, E-ISSN 1502-2269, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 229-247Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Guidebooks contain important sources of information for travellers. It can be assumed that they influence the reader's choice of tourist sites, as a selection of tourist attractions is presented in the books. In this study, the influence of guidebooks on German tourists' choice of tourist sites in Sweden was examined. Nine guidebooks were analysed. In order to analyse the relationship between the presentation in the guidebooks and tourist journeys to these places, a comparison between presented tourist sites and accommodation statistics (for the year 2002) was accomplished. Further, the content of the presented tourist regions was analysed. The results indicate that the distance from home affects how strongly tourists are influenced by guidebooks. In addition, it was found that individually created tourist regions are regularly used in guidebooks and that a stereotype picture of these tourist regions is provided.

  • 25007.
    Zillinger, Malin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The power over tourist information – on the selection of tourist sites in guidebooks2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 25008.
    Zillinger, Malin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Tourist routes: a time-geographical approach on German car-tourists in Sweden2007In: Tourism Geographies, ISSN 1461-6688, E-ISSN 1470-1340, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 64-83Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tourism is often studied as if it was static. Yet, mobility constitutes an important part of the tourism system. The paper argues that tourists are travelling according to an individual travel rhythm, which can be defined as a travel pattern that tourists relate to, independent from the tourist sites that are visited. It was found out that there are long travel distances on the first and last day of the holiday, that mobility and stationariness are concentrated in time and that tourists along a round tour often spend the longest time in the region with the longest distance to the home region. The paper concludes that a travel rhythm exists, and that it is only partly influenced by the time the tourist spends at the destination, and the previous number of visits. Time geography was applied as underlying theory, and its use can be encouraged in forthcoming tourism studies.

  • 25009.
    Zillinger, Malin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Turistinformationens produktion och betydelse: Forskningsrapport för Stiftelsen för kunskapsfrämjande inom turism.2007Report (Other academic)
  • 25010.
    Zillinger, Malin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Tyska bilturisters resor i Sverige: Rapport för Stiftelsen för kunskapsfrämjande inom turism.2005Report (Other academic)
  • 25011.
    Zillinger, Malin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Tyska bilturisters resrutter i Sverige: Forskningsrapport för Stiftelsen för kunskapsfrämjande inom turism.2005Report (Other academic)
  • 25012.
    Zillinger, Malin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Tyskar och älgar - en kärlekshistoria2008In: Alces alces: älskade älg / [ed] Zipsane, H., 2008, 1, p. 70-81Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 25013.
    Zillinger, Malin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Who has the power over tourist information? About the selection of tourist sites in guidebooksManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 25014.
    Zillinger, Malin
    et al.
    Lunds Universitet.
    Lilja, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Technology and Management, Mechanical Engineering and Mathematics.
    The geography of team park mobility: interpretations of visitor tracks, experiences and methods2015In: Proceedings of Nordic Geographers Meeting, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25015.
    Zillinger, Malin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography. Lund University.
    Zakrisson, Ingrid
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Does method matter?: Understanding experience data collected through different mobile techniques2017In: E-review of Tourism Research, ISSN 1941-5842, E-ISSN 1941-5842, Vol. 14, no 3/4, p. 149-166Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Knowledge on the influence of methods on research outcomes is scarce within experience studies. In this study, GPS devices were compared to smartphones to collect experience data in theme parks. Departing from the relevance of epistemology, it was assumed that the choice of method influences the results. We show that data collection modalities themselves influence empirical results when it comes to the number of reported experiences and their level of conveyed detail. The reported categories however are similar among the methods. We can also show that, and in which way, method choice influences the outcome of studies related to experiences.

  • 25016.
    Zimic, Sheila
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information and Communication systems.
    Internetgenerationen bit för bit: Representationer av IT och ungdom i ett informationssamhälle2014Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to gain a deeper understanding in relation to the construction of a ‘Net Generation’. With regards to the idea of an information society, technologies and young people are given certain positions, which are not in any sense natural but are socially constructed. This thesis explores these socially given meanings and shows what types of meanings are prioritized and legitimized. The exploration is conducted by examining, both externally and internally, given meanings of a generation identity. The external (nominal identification) in this study is understood as the construction of an abstract user and is studied by means of academic texts concerning the ‘Net Generation’. The internal (virtual identification) involves young people’s construction of their generation identity and is studied by means of collage. The collages are used to understand how the young participants position themselves in contemporary society and how they, as concrete users, articulate their relationship with information technologies.

     

    The findings show that the ‘type of behavior’ which is articulated in the signifying practice of the construction of the abstract user, ‘Net Generation’, reduces users and technology to a marketing / economical discourse. In addition the idea of the abstract user implies that all users have the same possibilities to achieve ‘success’ in the information society, by being active ‘prosumers’. The concrete users articulate that they feel stressed and pressured in relation to all the choices that they are expected to make. In this sense, the participants do not articulate the (economical) interests as assumed for the ‘Net Generation’, but, rather articulate interests to play, to have a hobby and be social when using information technologies.

     

    What this thesis thus proposes, is to critically explore the ‘taken for granted’ notions of a technological order in society as pertaining to young people. Only if we understand how socially given meaning is constructed can we break loose from the temporarily prioritized values to which the position of technology and users are fixed.

  • 25017.
    Zimic, Sheila
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Not so ‘techno-savvy’: Challenging the stereotypical images of the ‘Net generation’2009In: Digital Culture & Education, ISSN 1836-8301, E-ISSN 1836-8301, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 129-144Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is often argued that young people growing up in the presence of the Internet and new media are ‘techno savvy’. They are often distinguished as a new generation because of their relationship with new media,which is assumed to be considerably different, in comparison, to older generations. This new generation has also been characterized as the ‘Net generation’ (Tapscott, 1998). However the stereotypical images of ‘net geners’—being technologically savvy—have rarely been questioned. This article aims at nuancing these images with the objective of exploring the stereotypical images, rather than proving if the images are true or false. By using a statistical representative study of Swedish people’s Internet behaviour and linking the results to an analytical frame of Internet skills, the question, “what is it young people know when it comes to the Internet use and how is it related to the stereotypical image of the ´Net generation’?” is explored. The main findings suggest that various Internet activities differ by age and few activities could be ascribed solely to the so-called ‘Net generation’.

     

  • 25018.
    Zimic, Sheila
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    OPENING THE BOX: Exploring the presumptions about the 'Net Generation'2010Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There are many names or labels which refer to the generation growing up with digital media and these include labels such as ‘Net Generation’ (Tapscott, 1998), ‘digital natives’ (Prensky, 2001), ‘cyberkids’ (Holloway, 2003) and ‘MySpacegeneration’ (Rosen, 2008). The core idea behind these labels is that young people who have grown up surrounded by digital technology are very different to previous generations in their way of using and even thinking about the new digital technology. This appears to be reinforcing a generational divide and makes the assumption that young people can be categorized into one group in relation to their use of ICTs. The approach in this thesis is to empirically explore, in order to nuance, some of these presumptions about the ‘Net Generation’ (defined according to Tapscott). Thus, the research question is: How can the presumptions about the ‘Net Generation’ be nuanced?

    The following three presumptions have been explored within the three papers included in the thesis: i) The ‘Net Generation’ diverges from previous generations in relation to the use of internet; ii) The ‘Net Generation’ is techno-savvy or digitally competent; iii) The digitally competent ‘Net Geners’ are also digital participants since there is a causal relationship between digital competence and digital participation. The explorations are conducted by using the theoretical concepts ‘digital skills’, ‘self-efficacy’ and ‘participatory culture’. Several hypotheses,deduced from previous research, have been tested on a national representative sample of people born between the years 1978 and 1997 (categorised as the ‘Net Generation’). The results show that ‘Net Geners’ internet usage is diversified;hence, it is simplified to talk about them as a homogeneous group. Those included in the categorisation have different opportunities to participate in the digital society. Their internet usage differs both in terms of how much time they spend and what they do online. Their digital skills and self-efficacy in the use of computers are also different and so is the perceived feeling of participation in the information society. This implies that the ‘Net Geners’ do not have equal conditions in relation to participation in the digital society. However, what is meant by participation is still an unresolved question which requires further exploration.

  • 25019.
    Zimic, Sheila
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Predicting the participation in information society2011In: Interactive Media Use and Youth: Learning, Knowledge Exchange and Behavior, IGI Global, 2011, p. 207-221Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The approach in this chapter is to recognize what is said to be important regarding the feeling of participation in the information society. The perceived feeling of participation is assumed to be an important indicator for young people's online experiences. In previous research, digital skills and other related concepts such as self-efficacy and a relationship with technology are shown to be important in order to be able to participate in the information society. In this case, there is an exploration into the amount that social factors, digital skills, self-efficacy and a relationship with technology are able to explain the variance in perceived feelings regarding participation. It has been determined that education, selfefficacy, instrumental computer skills, information skills and strategic skills can explain 22 percent of the variance in the perceived feeling of participation. This implies that young people themselves might define other factors as being more important with regards to participation in the information society.

  • 25020.
    Zimic, Sheila
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Dalin, Rolf
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    ACTUAL AND PERCEIVED ONLINE PARTICIPATION AMONG YOUNG PEOPLE IN SWEDEN2011In: Deconstructing Digital Natives: Young People, Technology, and the New Literacies / [ed] Thomas, M, London: Routledge, 2011, p. 137-150Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25021.
    Zimic, Sheila
    et al.
    FoU Västernorrland.
    Dalin, Rolf
    FoU Västernorrland.
    Wijesekera, Sobani
    FoU Västernorrland.
    Blusi, Madelene
    FoU Västernorrland.
    Klockmo, Carolina
    FoU Västernorrland.
    Ungdomar i Härnösand - åsikter och attityder: LUPP - lokal uppföljning av ungdomspolitiken2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Myndigheten för Ungdoms och Civilsamhällesfrågor MUCF (tidigare Ungdoms-styrelsen) har utvecklat Lupp-enkäten - Lokal uppföljning av ungdomspolitiken som ett verktyg för kommunernas ungdomspolitiska arbete. Tanken är att kommunerna på ett enkelt sätt ska kunna ta reda på hur ungas situation ser ut lokalt och utveckla en effektiv ungdomspolitik som bygger på samarbete mellan olika sektorer.Denna rapport är produkten av Härnösand kommuns analys av enkätsvaren från ungdomar i årskurs 8 på högstadiet och gymnasiets år 2. I lupp besvarar ungdomar frågor som är indelande i sju tematiska avsnitt – fritid; skola; politik och samhälle; trygghet; hälsa; arbete och framtid. I rapporten tillämpas ett normkritiskt ung-domsperspektiv. Det innebär bland annat att resultaten, det vill säga ungdomars svar, analytiskt ställs i relation till dominerande föreställningar som finns om unga och föreställningar om relationen mellan ungdom och vuxen. I denna rapport be-traktas inte kategorierna ungdom och vuxen som naturligt givna utan snarare som konstruktioner inbäddade i samhällets strukturer.Delaktighet är ett genomgående tema i rapporten som diskuteras främst utifrån vilka möjligheter ungdomar har till delaktighet och inflytande. Med möjligheter av-ses de yttre ramarna eller förutsättningarna att inkluderas, att få vara delaktig och göra sin röst hörd.Rapporten innehåller åtta kapitel som består av en inledning, en redogörelse för ur-val och genomförande och därefter kapitel som fokuserar på specifika teman som omfattas av luppundersökningen.

  • 25022.
    Zimic, Sheila
    et al.
    FoU Västernorrland.
    Dalin, Rolf
    FoU Västernorrland.
    Wijesekera, Sobani
    FoU Västernorrland.
    Blusi, Madelene
    FoU Västernorrland.
    Klockmo, Carolina
    FoU Västernorrland.
    Ungdomar i Kramfors - åsikter och attityder: LUPP - Lokal uppföljning av ungdomspolitiken2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Myndigheten för Ungdoms och Civilsamhällesfrågor MUCF (tidigare Ungdoms-styrelsen) har utvecklat Lupp-enkäten - Lokal uppföljning av ungdomspolitiken som ett verktyg för kommunernas ungdomspolitiska arbete. Tanken är att kommunerna på ett enkelt sätt ska kunna ta reda på hur ungas situation ser ut lokalt och utveckla en effektiv ungdomspolitik som bygger på samarbete mellan olika sektorer. Denna rapport är produkten av Kramfors kommuns analys av enkätsvaren från ungdomar i årskurs 8 på högstadiet och gymnasiets år 2. I lupp besvarar ungdomar frågor som är indelande i sju tematiska avsnitt – fritid; skola; politik och samhälle; trygghet; hälsa; arbete och framtid. I rapporten tillämpas ett normkritiskt ungdomsperspektiv. Det innebär bland annat att resultaten, det vill säga ungdomars svar, analytiskt ställs i relation till dominerande föreställningar som finns om unga och föreställningar om relationen mellan ungdom och vuxen. I denna rapport betraktas inte kategorierna ungdom och vuxen som naturligt givna utan snarare som konstruktioner inbäddade i samhällets strukturer.Delaktighet är ett genomgående tema i rapporten som diskuteras främst utifrån vilka möjligheter ungdomar har till delaktighet och inflytande. Med möjligheter avses de yttre ramarna eller förutsättningarna att inkluderas, att få vara delaktig och göra sin röst hörd. Rapporten innehåller åtta kapitel som består av en inledning, en redogörelse för urval och genomförande och därefter kapitel som fokuserar på specifika teman som omfattas av luppundersökningen.

  • 25023.
    Zimic, Sheila
    et al.
    FoU Västernorrland.
    Dalin, Rolf
    FoU Västernorrland.
    Wijesekera, Sobani
    FoU Västernorrland.
    Blusi, Madelene
    FoU Västernorrland.
    Klockmo, Carolina
    FoU Västernorrland.
    Ungdomar i Sundsvall - åsikter och attityder: LUPP - Lokal uppföljning av ungdomspolitiken2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Myndigheten för Ungdoms och Civilsamhällesfrågor MUCF (tidigare Ungdoms-styrelsen) har utvecklat Lupp-enkäten - Lokal uppföljning av ungdomspolitiken som ett verktyg för kommunernas ungdomspolitiska arbete. Tanken är att kommunerna på ett enkelt sätt ska kunna ta reda på hur ungas situation ser ut lokalt och utveckla en effektiv ungdomspolitik som bygger på samarbete mellan olika sektorer. Denna rapport är produkten av Sundsvall kommuns analys av enkätsvaren från ungdomar i årskurs 8 på högstadiet och gymnasiets år 2. I lupp besvarar ungdomar frågor som är indelande i sju tematiska avsnitt – fritid; skola; politik och samhälle; trygghet; hälsa; arbete och framtid. I rapporten tillämpas ett normkritiskt ungdomsperspektiv. Det innebär bland annat att resultaten, det vill säga ungdomars svar, analytiskt ställs i relation till dominerande föreställningar som finns om unga och föreställningar om relationen mellan ungdom och vuxen. I denna rapport betraktas inte kategorierna ungdom och vuxen som naturligt givna utan snarare som konstruktioner inbäddade i samhällets strukturer. Delaktighet är ett genomgående tema i rapporten som diskuteras främst utifrån vilka möjligheter ungdomar har till delaktighet och inflytande. Med möjligheter avses de yttre ramarna eller förutsättningarna att inkluderas, att få vara delaktig och göra sin röst hörd. Rapporten innehåller åtta kapitel som består av en inledning, en redogörelse för urval och genomförande och därefter kapitel som fokuserar på specifika teman som omfattas av luppundersökningen.

  • 25024.
    Zimic, Sheila
    et al.
    FoU Västernorrland.
    Dalin, Rolf
    FoU Västernorrland.
    Wijesekera, Sobani
    FoU Västernorrland.
    Blusi, Madelene
    FoU Västernorrland.
    Klockmo, Carolina
    FoU Västernorrland.
    Ungdomar i Timrå - åsikter och attityder: LUPP - Lokal uppföljning av ungdomspolitiken2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Myndigheten för Ungdoms och Civilsamhällesfrågor MUCF (tidigare Ungdoms-styrelsen) har utvecklat Lupp-enkäten - Lokal uppföljning av ungdomspolitiken som ett verktyg för kommunernas ungdomspolitiska arbete. Tanken är att kommunerna på ett enkelt sätt ska kunna ta reda på hur ungas situation ser ut lokalt och utveckla en effektiv ungdomspolitik som bygger på samarbete mellan olika sektorer. Denna rapport är produkten av Timrå kommuns analys av enkätsvaren från ungdomar på högstadiet och gymnasiet. I lupp besvarar ungdomar frågor som är indelande i sju tematiska avsnitt – fritid; skola; politik och samhälle; trygghet; hälsa; arbete och framtid. I rapporten tillämpas ett normkritiskt ungdomsperspektiv. Det innebär bland annat att resultaten, det vill säga ungdomars svar, analytiskt ställs i relation till dominerande föreställningar som finns om unga och föreställningar om relationen mellan ungdom och vuxen. I denna rapport betraktas inte kategorierna ungdom och vuxen som naturligt givna utan snarare som konstruktioner inbäddade i samhällets strukturer. Delaktighet är ett genomgående tema i rapporten som diskuteras främst utifrån vilka möjligheter ungdomar har till delaktighet och inflytande. Med möjligheter avses de yttre ramarna eller förutsättningarna att inkluderas, att få vara delaktig och göra sin röst hörd. Rapporten innehåller åtta kapitel som består av en inledning, en redogörelse för urval och genomförande och därefter kapitel som fokuserar på specifika teman som omfattas av luppundersökningen.

  • 25025.
    Zimic, Sheila
    et al.
    FoU Västernorrland.
    Dalin, Rolf
    FoU Västernorrland.
    Wijesekera, Sobani
    FoU Västernorrland.
    Blusi, Madelene
    FoU Västernorrland.
    Klockmo, Carolina
    FoU Västernorrland.
    Ungdomar i Ånge - åsikter och attityder: LUPP - lokal uppföljning av ungdomspolitiken2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Myndigheten för Ungdoms och Civilsamhällesfrågor MUCF (tidigare Ungdoms-styrelsen) har utvecklat Lupp-enkäten - Lokal uppföljning av ungdomspolitiken som ett verktyg för kommunernas ungdomspolitiska arbete. Tanken är att kommunerna på ett enkelt sätt ska kunna ta reda på hur ungas situation ser ut lokalt och utveckla en effektiv ungdomspolitik som bygger på samarbete mellan olika sektorer. Denna rapport är produkten av Ånge kommuns analys av enkätsvaren från ungdomar i årskurs 8 på högstadiet och gymnasiets år 2. I lupp besvarar ungdomar frågor som är indelande i sju tematiska avsnitt – fritid; skola; politik och samhälle; trygghet; hälsa; arbete och framtid. I rapporten tillämpas ett normkritiskt ungdomsperspektiv. Det innebär bland annat att resultaten, det vill säga ungdomars svar, analytiskt ställs i relation till dominerande föreställningar som finns om unga och föreställningar om relationen mellan ungdom och vuxen. I denna rapport betraktas inte kategorierna ungdom och vuxen som naturligt givna utan snarare som konstruktioner inbäddade i samhällets strukturer. Delaktighet är ett genomgående tema i rapporten som diskuteras främst utifrån vilka möjligheter ungdomar har till delaktighet och inflytande. Med möjligheter avses de yttre ramarna eller förutsättningarna att inkluderas, att få vara delaktig och göra sin röst hörd. Rapporten innehåller åtta kapitel som består av en inledning, en redogörelse för urval och genomförande och därefter kapitel som fokuserar på specifika teman som omfattas av luppundersökningen.

  • 25026.
    Zimic, Sheila
    et al.
    FoU Västernorrland.
    Dalin, Rolf
    FoU Västernorrland.
    Wijesekera, Sobani
    FoU Västernorrland.
    Blusi, Madelene
    FoU Västernorrland.
    Klockmo, Carolina
    FoU Västernorrland.
    Ungdomar i Örnsköldsvik - åsikter och attityder: LUPP - Lokal uppföljning av ungdomspolitiken2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Myndigheten för Ungdoms och Civilsamhällesfrågor MUCF (tidigare Ungdoms-styrelsen) har utvecklat Lupp-enkäten - Lokal uppföljning av ungdomspolitiken som ett verktyg för kommunernas ungdomspolitiska arbete. Tanken är att kommunerna på ett enkelt sätt ska kunna ta reda på hur ungas situation ser ut lokalt och utveckla en effektiv ungdomspolitik som bygger på samarbete mellan olika sektorer. Denna rapport är produkten av Örnsköldsviks kommuns analys av enkätsvaren från ungdomar i årskurs 8 på högstadiet och gymnasiets år 2. I lupp besvarar ungdomar frågor som är indelande i sju tematiska avsnitt – fritid; skola; politik och samhälle; trygghet; hälsa; arbete och framtid. I rapporten tillämpas ett normkritiskt ungdomsperspektiv. Det innebär bland annat att resultaten, det vill säga ungdomars svar, analytiskt ställs i relation till dominerande föreställningar som finns om unga och föreställningar om relationen mellan ungdom och vuxen. I denna rapport betraktas inte kategorierna ungdom och vuxen som naturligt givna utan snarare som konstruktioner inbäddade i samhällets strukturer. Delaktighet är ett genomgående tema i rapporten som diskuteras främst utifrån vilka möjligheter ungdomar har till delaktighet och inflytande. Med möjligheter avses de yttre ramarna eller förutsättningarna att inkluderas, att få vara delaktig och göra sin röst hörd. Rapporten innehåller åtta kapitel som består av en inledning, en redogörelse för urval och genomförande och därefter kapitel som fokuserar på specifika teman som omfattas av luppundersökningen.

  • 25027.
    Zimmerman, J K M
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Palo, Thomas R
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    The decline and extinction of Noble crayfish in the river Ljungan, Mid-Sweden.: A case of non-sustainable harvest2007In: 92nd ESA/SER Joint Meeting, San Jose 5-10 August 2007, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25028. Zimmerman, Jenny K M
    Body growth of noble crayfish (Astacus astacus) after reintroduction to a northern river (Ljungan, Sweden)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Noble crayfish were introduced to the River Ljungan as part of a reintroduction program. Crayfish were caught at five sites and individually marked with passive integrated transponders (PIT-tags). At each sampling occasion, the crayfish were sexed and their total lengths measured before being released to the same spot where they were captured. The size structure and growth rates were compared between the different sites and a linear growth model was developed from recapture data. The analysis revealed that crayfish moulted once annually with length increments close to the maximum that is reported for the species. The relative growth increment of males was 20% greater than for females. The growth and size of the length increment were not associated to different habitats or water temperature at the sites. Growth was also measured in the River Ljungan in the 1960s. When compared to the conditions from the 1960s, it could not be precluded whether the differences in climate or population density from that time had a positive effect on the body size growth rate as observed today. A conclusion from this study is that noble crayfish have ability to grow just fast as at its southern locations as the northern edge of its distribution area.

  • 25029.
    Zimmerman, Jenny K M
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Conditions for sustainable crayfish populations in northern Sweden2009Report (Other academic)
  • 25030.
    Zimmerman, Jenny K M
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Kräftkokbok - om konsten att sköta ett kräftvatten2010Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 25031.
    Zimmerman, Jenny K. M.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of applied science and design.
    LOCAL ENGAGEMENT - A PREREQUISITE FOR SUCCESSFUL REINTRODUCTION2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25032.
    Zimmerman, Jenny K M
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Sustainable Building Engineering.
    Local engagement was a prerequisite for the comeback of the Noble crayfish (Astacus astacus) in the River Ljungan2012In: Crayfish News, ISSN 1023-8174, Vol. 34, no 1-2, p. 11-12Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 25033.
    Zimmerman, Jenny K M
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Sustainable Building Engineering.
    Lokalt engagemang – en förutsättning för lyckad restaurering2012Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 25034.
    Zimmerman, Jenny K. M.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of applied science and design.
    Noble Crayfish (Astacus astacus) in a Changing World: Implications for Management2012Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The noble crayfish (Astacus astacus) is critically endangered in Sweden. This is mainly due to the crayfish plague (Aphanomyces astaci), a lethal disease that, among other things, can be spread through the stocking of fish from contaminated water or contaminated fishing gear. The largest single propagation path is the illegal introduction of infected signal crayfish (Pacifastacus leniusculus). A conservation measure for crayfish is to re-introduce it to where it has a chance to survive, though a sustainable, locally regulated fishing can also serve as an indirect protection for the species. When the local inhabitants are allowed to keep their fishing culture and when fishing is acceptable, the incentive for illegal stocking of signal crayfish is low. However, it is important to avoid overfishing because the recovery, especially in the northern regions, can take several years. Therefore, it is important to know how crayfish respond long-term to fishing and environmental factors.

    Crayfish populations became extinct in the River Ljungan for unknown reasons in 1999. The water flow of the river has been used for activities such as fishing, timber transport and hydroelectric power since the 1500s, and the noble crayfish has been part of the fauna since the last century. The River Ljungan was known as one of Sweden's best fishing areas for crayfish and fishing became an important part of the local tradition. When the crayfish populations became extinct, a reintroduction program was a natural step, and crayfish are nowadays re-established in the river.

    From 1963 to 1990 the Swedish Board of Fisheries collected data from crayfish fishing in the River Ljungan to determine the economic damage to fishery owners caused by the construction of a power plant. After each season the fishermen reported the catch. In this thesis, the data was used to investigate which factors influence the long-term size of the crayfish catch and how the crayfish catches were affected by the power plant building. After re-introduction of the crayfish to the River Ljungan, the local fishermen monitored the population development in a simple, standardized way. To examine the validity of their measurements and to investigate the body growth of the individuals, a capture-recapture technique with a permanent marking of the crayfish was used.

    The crayfish catches were primarily impacted by the previous years' catch size, and a large catch the previous year resulted in a reduced catch the following year. A mild winter climate (NAO-index > -0.7) six years before the catch implied a large catch, whereas a high water flow during the autumn or spring (>95m3s-1) two years before the catch, implied a poor catch. Major habitat changes in the form of greatly reduced water flow (~90%) were negative for crayfish catches. The standardized method of fishing used by the local fishermen to monitor the development of the crayfish population was precise enough to detect population trends and this method can therefore be recommended to monitor future re-introductions of crayfish. Although the River Ljungan is located at the northern edge of the species' range, noble crayfish in the river presently have a body growth rate that is close to the maximum measured for crayfish (8 mm/moult for females and 10 mm/moult for males).

    Based on the results, the most important advice for sustainable fisheries in Ljungan and other northern rivers is to:

    • Monitor the population trends, NAO-index and water flow in May and October. 
    • Use the results from the monitoring to determine the number of allowed fishing days and traps.
    • Collect data about the catch size and efforts from legal fishing and use it to evaluate the sustainability of the fishing.
    • Enhance the buildup of the harvestable cohort by

    -saving reproductive females

    -introduce a size limit of 10 cm

    -provide proper shelters for the non-harvestable cohort.

  • 25035.
    Zimmerman, Jenny K M
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Slutrapport Förstudie för Älvens Hus: Ett LEADER-projekt i samarbete med Mittuniversitetet, Ånge kommun, 16 lokala fiskevårdsområden och en entreprenör2011Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetet med förstudie för ”Älvens Hus” visar att det går att överbrygga både läns- och kommungränser när det gäller fiske. Det går att diskutera förvaltningsfrågor över gränserna. Arbetet visar också att det finns ett behov av lättförståelig information och utbildning om hur man förvaltar den utrotningshotade flodkräftan. Projektet har visat att det finns förutsättningar i vår region för att utveckla en uthållig, ekologisk verksamhet kring flodkräftan och fiske, men att det saknas entreprenörer i form av kunniga fiskeguider som kan länka samman deltagare, fiskevårdsområden och besöksnäring. Projektet har visat att naturum Ånge kan arbeta tematiskt över ett vidare geografiskt område och vara ett fönster för hela Mittlandregionen samt att naturum Ånge behöver förnya sin utställning för att klara detta. Projektet har visat att naturum Ånge har behov av att inleda nya samarbeten; både av ekonomisk och av kunskapsmässig natur. Detta är ett tidsödande arbete, men nödvändigt för att få till stånd en utveckling.

    De erfarenheter vi har fått i projektet visar att det är viktigt att låta samverkan och nätverksbyggande ta tid. Det tar tid att bygga upp förtroende. Vår projekttid på ett och ett halvt år var tillräcklig när det gällde fiskevårdsområdena, men för att inleda nya samarbeten för naturum Ånge var tiden för kort.

    Projektet har fört samman fiskevårdsområden från hela regionen i ett gemensamt nätverk och bidragit till ökad kunskap om flodkräftan till en bredare allmänhet genom ”Kräftkokbok – om konsten att sköta ett kräftvatten”. Projektet har också bidragit till att naturum Ånge får behålla sin status som naturum och att det kommer anläggas en naturstig med vatten- och kräfttema i anslutning till naturum Ånge.

  • 25036.
    Zimmerman, Jenny K M
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Sustainable Building Engineering.
    Vattenkraften - hot eller möjlighet för flodkräftan?2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 25037.
    Zimmerman, Jenny K M
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Grönlund, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    van den Brink, Paul
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Is Astacology Environmental Science?2019In: Book of abstracts.: IAA Gotland 2019 Crayfish Conference, 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Environmental Science aims to study the relationships between human beings influence on and dependence of nature, the interaction and integration of ecological, social and technical systems as well as the strategies for sustainable use of natural resources. The linking of social, ecological and economical aspects in Environmental Science can provide useful tools for the study, management and conservation of freshwater crayfish from a broad social perspective. Therefore, it is of interest to explore the relationships between Environmental Science and Astacology. By analysing the aims of the International Association of Astacology and the content of some volumes of Freshwater Crayfish from an Environmental Science perspective we found that Astacology is operating within the field of Environmental Science. The focus is mainly on identifying underlying mechanisms of environmental issues. We will point out unexplored scientific perspectives and propose some advice of how to study freshwater crayfish from a broad systems perspective.

  • 25038.
    Zimmerman, Jenny K. M.
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of applied science and design.
    Palo, R Thomas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of applied science and design.
    Time series analysis of climate-related factors and their impact on a red-listed noble crayfish population in northern Sweden2012In: Freshwater Biology, ISSN 0046-5070, E-ISSN 1365-2427, Vol. 57, no 5, p. 1031-1041Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    1. Global climate change is predicted to raise water temperatures and alter flow regimes in northern river systems. Climate-related factors might have profound impacts on survival, reproduction and distribution of freshwater species such as red-listed noble crayfish (Astacus astacus) in its northern limit of distribution.2. In this study, noble crayfish capture data over 27 years from the River Ljungan, Sweden, were examined. Time series of catch per unit effort (CPUE) were analysed in relation to the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) index, regional weather factors and water flow. CPUE was assumed to reflect differences in population size. Two models were constructed to explore the relative impact of different climate factors and density dependence on variability of catch sizes.3. The most parsimonious model for CPUE time series, explaining 72% of the variance in CPUE, included density-dependent population dynamics of the crayfish and climate or weather factors. The specific effect from density dependence in the model was 37%, while climate/weather factors contributed with 35% of the variation. The most important climate/weather factors are variations in NAO index and water flow. Temperature did not improve the model fit to capture data.4. The best model was evaluated using independent data sets that gave correlations between model predictions and data ranging from 0.44 to 0.53. The density dependence shows a time lag of 1 year, while climate variables show time lags from 2 to 6 years in relation to CPUE, indicating effects on different cohorts of the crayfish population.5. Both density dependence and climatic factors play a significant role in population fluctuations of noble crayfish. A 6-year time lag for NAO index is puzzling but indicates that some as yet unidentified factors related to NAO might act on the juvenile stages of the population. Water flow shows a 2-year lag to the CPUE, and high flow in the river may affect adult survival. The reasons for fluctuation of crayfish catches in response to climate need to be identified, and fishing quotas should consider the different cohort sizes because of variation in environment. Reintroduction programmes for crayfish need to consider effects of climate change when designing management strategies.

  • 25039.
    Zimmerman, Jenny K. M.
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of applied science and design.
    Palo, R Thomas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of applied science and design.
    WHERE SHOULD YOU PUT THE CRAYFISH - DOES THE ACTUAL REINTRODUCTION SITE MATTER?2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25040.
    Zimmerman, Jenny K M
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Palo, Thomas R
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Do global cimate or local weather influence influence crayfish catches in the river Ljunjan in Sweden?2010In: 18th IAA Symposia, Program and  abstracts / [ed] Allert Annie, 2010, p. 35-35Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25041.
    Zimmerman, Jenny K M
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Palo, Thomas R
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Reliability of catch per unit effort (CPUE) for evaluation of reintroduction programs – A comparison of mark-recapture method with standardized trapping2010In: European Crayfish food, Flagships and Ecosystem Services / [ed] Souty Grosset Catherine, 2010, p. 28-29Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25042.
    Zimmerman, Jenny K M
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Palo, Thomas R
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Reliability of catch per unit effort (CPUE) for evaluation of reintroduction programs – A comparison of mark-recapture method with standardized trapping2011In: Knowledge and Management of Aquatic Ecosystems, ISSN 1961-9502, E-ISSN 1961-9502, no 401, p. Art no. 7-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Catch per unit effort (CPUE) is used as a standardized trapping method by local fishermen and in monitoring studies. In this study, CPUE was compared with population estimates made with a capture-recapture method based on the passive integrated transponder (PIT-tag) marking of individuals. The results show a stronger positive correlation between the estimated population sizes from the capture-recapture method with an estimated CPUE effort of 120 traps. The fishermen used 15 traps, and even this effort showed a fair correlation with the mark-recapture estimates. This indicates that the standardized way of trapping with 15 traps can be used to evaluate reintroduction programs and monitor crayfish populations

  • 25043.
    Zimmerman, Jenny
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Palo, Thomas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Influence of water regulation and water flow on noble crayfish (Astacus astacus) catch in the River Ljungan, Sweden2008In: International association of Astacology, IAA18 konferens in Kuopio, August 2008. / [ed] Japo Jussila, James M. Furse & James W. Fetzner Jr, 2008, p. 141-144Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Free-flowing water is thought to be of importance for reproduction and body growth of noble crayfish, Astacus astacus (Linnaeus), in the northern edge of its distribution area. A hydroelectric power plant with a bypass tunnel was built in the River Ljungan, Sweden, in 1976. This reduced the mean water flow in the old river bed from about 60 m3 s-1 to 3 m3 s-1. The sites with the largest reduction of water flow had the largest decline in catch per unit effort of crayfish. At one site the catches were reduced by > 60%, but the catch success varied between locations. At all sites, water regulation seemed to have an effect, even though catch per unit effort was possibly affected by a number of other factors. © 2010 International Association of Astacology.

  • 25044.
    Zimmerman, Jenny
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Palo, Thomas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Influence of water regulation and water flow on Noble crayfish (Astacus astacus) catch yield in Ljungan a Northern Swedish River after building of a power plant2010In: Freshwater Crayfish, ISSN 2076-4324, Vol. 17, p. 141-144Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Free-flowing water is thought to be of importance for reproduction and body growth of noble crayfish (Astacus astacus (Linné)) in the northern edge of its distribution area.

    A hydroelectric power plant with a bypass tunnel was built in the river Ljungan in 1976.  This reduced the mean water flow in the old river bed from about 60m3/s to 3m3/s. The sites with the largest reduction of water flow had the largest decline in catch per unit effort of crayfish.  At one site the catches were reduced by >60%, but the catch success varied between locations.  In all sites the regulation seemed to have an effect, even though catch per unit effort was possibly affected by a number of other factors.

    KEY WORDS: Catch yield, noble crayfish (Astacus astacus), water flow, water level regulation

  • 25045.
    Zinders, Cajsa
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Flodberg, Ida
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Patienters minskade intag av mat ochdryck i livets slutskede: en fokusgruppsstudie om distriktssköterskors erfarenheter2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25046.
    Zinn, Jens
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences. School of Social and Political Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Australia.
    The meaning of risk-taking – key concepts and dimensions2019In: Journal of Risk Research, ISSN 1366-9877, E-ISSN 1466-4461, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 1-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Dealing with and taking risks are central issues of current societies which had been characterised by heightened debates and conflicts about risk (Beck, Giddens). Even though there is good knowledge available, policies and strategies to reduce people’s risk-taking are often less successful than expected. Experts are puzzled about common people not following good advice presuming people’s lack of understanding. While this might be true in many cases a growing body of research shows, rather than being merely ignorant or misinformed, people often have good knowledge when taking risks. A growing body of research provides knowledge about the complexities, dynamics and contradictions of people’s risk-taking. However, there have been little attempts to systematise this body of knowledge. This article contributes to such an enterprise. It suggests distinguishing between different motives for risk-taking, different levels of control and a number of ways how reflexivity about risk is rooted in the social realm. It also explores how risk-taking is part of developing and protecting a valued identity. The article concludes, across different domains there is good evidence for how structural and cultural forces combine and shape risk-taking while people take risks to develop a valued identity and to protect it. Advancing expert’s understanding of risk-taking and change people’s risk-taking require considering and approaching the larger social contexts and individual risk practices in everyday life.

  • 25047.
    Zinn, Jens
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Utilising Corpus Linguistic Tools for Analysing Social Change in Risk2018In: Researching Risk and Uncertainty: Methodologies, Methods and Research Strategies / [ed] Anna Olofsson & Jens Zinn, Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, p. 337-366Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25048.
    Zinn, Jens
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences. University of Melbourne, Australia.
    Olofsson, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Concluding Thoughts and Perspectives for Interdisciplinary Risk Research2018In: Researching Risk and Uncertainty: Methodologies, Methods and Research Strategies / [ed] A, Olofsson & J, Zinn, Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, p. 367-375Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 25049.
    Zinn, Jens
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Olofsson, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Introduction2018In: Researching Risk and Uncertainty: Methodologies, Methods and Research Strategies / [ed] A, Olofsson & J, Zinn, Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, p. 1-28Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 25050.
    Zinner, C.
    et al.
    Univ Wurzburg, Dept Sport Sci, Judenbuhlweg 11, D-97082 Wurzburg, Germany.
    Krueger, M.
    German Sport Univ Cologne, Inst Training Sci & Sport Informat, Sportpk Mungersdorf 6, D-50933 Cologne, Germany.
    Reed, J. L.
    Univ Ottawa, Fac Hlth Sci, Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5, Canada.
    Kohl-Bareis, M.
    Univ Appl Sci Koblenz, RheinAhrCampus Remagen, Landau, Germany.
    Holmberg, Hans-Christer
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Sperlich, Billy
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. Univ Wurzburg, Dept Sport Sci, Judenbuhlweg 11, D-97082 Wurzburg, Germany.
    Exposure to a combination of heat and hyperoxia during cycling at submaximal intensity does not alter thermoregulatory responses2016In: Biology of Sport, ISSN 0860-021X, E-ISSN 2083-1862, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 71-76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we tested the hypothesis that breathing hyperoxic air (FinO2 = 0.40) while exercising in a hot environment exerts negative effects on the total tissue level of haemoglobin concentration (tHb); core (T-core) and skin (T-skin) temperatures; muscle activity; heart rate; blood concentration of lactate; pH; partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) and carbon dioxide; arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2); and perceptual responses. Ten well-trained male athletes cycled at submaximal intensity at 21 degrees C or 33 degrees C in randomized order: first for 20 min while breathing normal air (FinO2 = 0.21) and then 10 min with FinO2 = 0.40 (HOX). At both temperatures, SaO2 and PaO2, but not tHb, were increased by HOX. Tskin and perception of exertion and thermal discomfort were higher at 33 degrees C than 21 degrees C (p < 0.01), but independent of FinO2. Tcore and muscle activity were the same under all conditions (p > 0.07). Blood lactate and heart rate were higher at 33 degrees C than 21 degrees C. In conclusion, during 30 min of submaximal cycling at 21 degrees C or 33 degrees C, T-core, T-skin and T-body, tHb, muscle activity and ratings of perceived exertion and thermal discomfort were the same under normoxic and hyperoxic conditions. Accordingly, breathing hyperoxic air (FinO2 = 0.40) did not affect thermoregulation under these conditions.

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