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  • 201.
    Karlsson, Michael
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Immediacy of online news: Journalistic credo under pressure2007In: Proceedings of ICA 2007, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using journalistic normative theory as backdrop, this study tests whether the news cycle of online news differs from that of the traditional paper medium on four Swedish websites. Further it is investigated if the high speed and continuous flow of information on the Internet has any impact on the quality at online news. Finally it is argued that that the speed of which information is published on the Internet will raise serious questions about the quality, integrity and trustworthiness of the news product. Findings like these could, if commonly found, lead to a debate about and a redefinition of journalism in both online and traditional media.

  • 202.
    Karlsson, Michael
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Increasingly interactive: Swedish online news 2005-2007: ICA 2008 - Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, TBA, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, May 21, 20082008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Interactivity is a widely recognized feature of digital media and suggestions have been made for its inclusion within the definition of journalism. However, at present, there are somewhat limited empirical findings of any major interactivity in online news. This paper evaluates how interactive features have evolved over a three-year period within four Swedish news sites. The findings suggest that over time; an increased percentage of news items have become interactive, that more interactivity features have been introduced, that the interactivity in and around news enables users to have an increasingly enhanced role. This paper concludes that,in spite of a rather slow start, the tendency is now towards increased activity in what can be considered as interactive news.

  • 203.
    Karlsson, Michael
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Nätet och medborgare i globaliseringsperspektiv2002In: Internet, medier och kommunikation, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2002, p. 381-Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 204.
    Karlsson, Michael
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Nätjournalistik: En explorativ fallstudie av digitala mediers karaktärsdrag på fyra svenska nyhetssajter2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 205.
    Karlsson, Michael
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Visibility of journalistic processes and the undermining of objectivity2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Transparency has become a buzzword of late and has received a great deal of attention. The interactive potential of digital media has been one key element of transparency that has been noted by scholars. In this paper it is argued that the high speed of online news, by showing previously hidden journalistic processes, could also play a part in the orientation towards a transparency norm in journalism. It is further argued that both interactivity and the high speed of online news contribute to the move for journalism from knowledge-as-product towards knowledge-as-process. Finally it is argued that rituals of transparency fit the latter mode of communication better than traditional rituals of objectivity and therefore forms a superior tool to justify journalism�s raison d´être when it moves from an analogue to a digital medium of communication.

  • 206.
    Keil, Dimitri
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Hoepken, Wolfram
    University of applied sciences Ravensburg-Weingarten.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Optimizing user interface design and interaction paths for destination management information system2017In: Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) / [ed] Marcus A., Wang W., Cham, 2017, Vol. 10290, p. 473-487Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Destination Management Organizations (DMO) being the central units in destination management within European destinations face increasing pressure due to effects of globalization. At the same time, effects of digitalization combined with methods summarized by the umbrella term of Business Intelligence create opportunities to tackle these challenges. Höpken et al. (2011) described how destinations can evolve to so-called knowledge destinations. With the help of a Destination Management Information System (DMIS) managers of DMOs as well as its various stakeholders are provided with holistic decision support when working on strategic development of the destination. The objective of this study is to conceptualize a novel DMIS user interface and evaluate its usability. The study (1) defines different analysis perspectives and corresponding performance indicators enabling a powerful decision support for destination managers and tourism stakeholders, (2) defines interaction paths along different abstraction levels to support drill-down analyses, and (3) evaluates the usability and understandability of the DMIS interface in the south-western Swedish destination Halland.

  • 207.
    Keith, David
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Venczel, Amanda
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Gästskatt i Åre: Ur ett besöksperspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 208.
    Kimber, Linda
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Trends In Sports Tourism: Women´s Races From A Gender Perspective2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 209. Kiousis, Spiro
    et al.
    Strömbäck, Jesper
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    The White House and Public Relations: Examining the Linkages between Presidential Communications and Public Opinion2007In: 2007 Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC) Conference, 2007Conference paper (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to probe the linkages between presidential communications and public opinion. More specifically, it investigated the associations between the use of press conferences and speeches by the White House and presidential job approval from 1961-1997. The results suggested that there is a positive linkage between the frequency of presidential press conferences and perceived foreign policy job approval but a negative linkage with perceived economic job approval. In addition, a negative linkage emerged between the frequency of presidential speeches and perceived foreign policy approval. Finally, the implications of the findings are discussed.

  • 210.
    Kolas, Nina
    et al.
    University of Ravensburg-Weingarten.
    Höpken, Wolfram
    University of Ravensburg-Weingarten.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Information gathering by ubiquitous services for CRM in tourism destinations: an explorative study from Sweden2015In: Information and Communication Technologies in Tourism 2015: Proceedings of the ENTER Conference 2015, Springer-Verlag New York, 2015, p. 73-86Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 211.
    Koponen, Saara
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Miljöstrategier och lönsamhet: - En studie av evenemangstaden Östersunds och varumässan Expo Norrs miljöarbete och möjligheten till lönsamhet genom miljöstrategier 2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 212.
    Kronenberg, Kai
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    A quantity-quality framework for measuring the regional socio-economic impact of tourism: The case of Jämtland Härjedalen2019Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Measuring the economic effects of tourism has always been a high priority for private and public actors in the regional economy (Stabler et al 2009). These estimates provide insights about the generation of sales, jobs, and income associated with tourism, but also support industry officials in the regional development agenda. Measuring tourism’s economic impact in a region typically involves economic impact models that capture both primary and secondary effects (Comerio and Strozzi 2019). However, results gained from these models are limited in regards to highly aggregated and growth-oriented indicators on the macro-level.

    These economic impact models ‘fulfil’ their purpose in incorporating the assumptions of mainstream economics and in focusing on macro-level indicators related to economic growth (Elsner 2017). That involves the risk that important socio-economic aspects, such as the distribution of income, are less considered in regional tourism development agendas. Even so-called ‘advanced’ models neglect distributional dimensions in estimating the impact of tourism (Lee 2009). Accordingly, a growing body of literature starts criticizing mainstream economics’ modelling assumptions and its narrow view on economic growth (Söderbaum 2017). Instead, economic analyses should put more focus multi-dimensional perspectives, including the institutional (i.e. meso-level) perspective in addition to the traditional macro- and micro view (Dopfer et al. 2004). Furthermore, various forms of inequalities are identified to typically hamper regional development from a socio-economic point of view (Moulaert and Nussbaumer 2005a).

    Against this background, the aim of this thesis is to propose a framework that extends traditional economic impact approaches and allows the measurement of tourism impact from a broader socio-economic perspective. The approach in this thesis comprises a macro as well as a meso level analysis and utilizes a mixed-method approach (Dopfer et al. 2004; Khoo-Lattimore et al. 2017). More concretely, the traditional economic impact methodology is further developed in order to estimate disaggregated employment and income effects for specific occupations, and to estimate the income distribution across occupations in major tourism sectors.

    This analysis is conducted for the county of Jämtland and comprises the period + time (Daniels et al. 2004). A series of interviews with major regional industry- and policy representatives complements the impact analysis from the meso-level perspective. By doing so, the institutional perspectives helped identifying potential reasons for variations in occupation and income developments in tourism.

    Findings show that the traditional way of analysing tourism’s impacts does not only provide the full picture of the impacts, but also even gives potentially misleading information. While, in general, the tourism industry benefits from annually growing arrival numbers in terms of sales, the income level of the tourism workforce remains among the lowest in the entire regional economy. In addition, the income inequality across occupations in the main tourism sector accommodation & food is increasing, indicating a negative trend in the industry. This can be partly attributed to decreasing union membership rates, short-term career perspectives, and increasing shares of occupations without requirements for higher education. Like in other branches, the role of education in the tourism industry is particularly important to overcome these trends.

    This study shows that extending traditional ways of analysing the economic impact of tourism by incorporating additional socio-economic dimensions contributes to a better understanding the socio-economic sustainability of the regional tourism industry. By putting the focus away from pure growth-driven indicators, this approach proposes an alternative way for measuring tourism’s impacts, which can, hopefully, be implemented and institutionalized in the future.

  • 213.
    Kronenberg, Kai
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    A multi-period perspective on tourism’s economic contribution : A regional input-output analysis for Sweden2018In: Tourism Review, ISSN 1660-5373, E-ISSN 1759-8451, Vol. 73, no 1, p. 94-110Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Previous studies on tourism input-output (IO) primarily focus on a single year’s snapshot or utilize outdated IO coefficients. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the multi-period development of regional tourism capacities and its influence on the magnitude of the industry’s regional economic contribution. The paper highlights the importance of applying up-to-date IO coefficients to avoid estimation bias typically found in previous studies on tourism’s economic contribution.

    Design/methodology/approach: For the period 2008-2014, national IO tables are regionalized to estimate direct and indirect economic effects for output, employment, income and other value-added effects. A comparison of Leontief inverse matrices is conducted to quantify estimation bias when using outdated models for analyzing tourism’s economic contribution.

    Findings: On the one hand, economic linkages strengthened, especially for labour-intensive sectors. On the other hand, sectoral recessions in 2012 and 2014 led to an economy-wide decline of indirect effects, although tourists’ consumption was still increasing. Finally, estimation bias observed after applying an outdated IO model is quantified by approximately US$4.1m output, 986 jobs full-time equivalents, US$24.8m income and US$14.8m other value-added effects.

    Research limitations/implications: Prevailing assumptions on IO modelling and regionalization techniques aim for more precise survey-based approaches and computable general equilibrium models to incorporate net changes in economic output. Results should be cross-validated by means of qualitative interviews with industry representatives.

    Practical implications: Additional costs for generating IO tables on an annual base clearly pay off when considering the improved accuracy of estimates on tourism’s economic contribution.

    Originality/value: This study shows that tourism IO studies should apply up-to-date IO models when estimating the industry’s economic contribution. It provides evidence that applying outdated models involve the risk of estimation biases, because annual changes of multipliers substantially influence the magnitude of effects.

  • 214. Kuentzel, W
    et al.
    Laven, Daniel
    University of Vermont, USA.
    Manning, R
    Valliere, W
    Comparing Norm Strength at Backcountry, Frontcountry, and Urban-proximate National Parks2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 215.
    Kuttainen, Christer
    et al.
    E-handelsdoktorn.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Overcoming barriers to SME e-commerce adoption using blended learning: - a Swedish action research case study2012In: Information Technology & Tourism, ISSN 1098-3058, E-ISSN 1943-4294, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 13-26Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 216.
    Källman, Ida
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Dark tourism: Besökares motiv till Dark tourism-upplevelser & attraktionernas påverkan på besökare. 2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Dark tourism involves visits to places where death and human suffering represent the tourism product, which has become more and more popular in today's tourism industry. Thus,the aim of this paperis to study the Dark tourism-phenomenon and the underlying motives that makespeople choose to visit this type of attractions.

    The main objects in this study is the Swedish Prison Museum in Gävle among with the Mental Health Museum in Dalarna, where both qualitative and quantitative research have been conducted. The results from this research, showsthat visitor’smotives vary by location and attraction. However, some motives wasoutstandingamong visitors regarding each attraction. These are "exciting" and "acquire knowledge", which appeared most oftenand was in commonfor both attractions.

    Further highlighting in the following study is to explain in what way dark tourism-attractions can affect visitorsand which methods this can be done by.Apart from the Swedish Prison museum and the mental museum, the Holocaust museum Yad Vashem representa large part of this work. The reasonisto study if there is anysimilarities between these three attractions, regarding the impact on visitors. The result informs us that the two Swedish attractionshas many equal methods in commonwith Yad Vashem. Clearly, thisimpacts can be done bymethods such as storytelling, use of technology and education & knowledge. Based on a quantitative survey at the Swedish Prison Museum, education & knowledge was the most prominent experience among the museums visitors.

     

  • 217.
    Larsen, Anders
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Education.
    Samhällskunskapsundervisningens betydelse för åtta högstadieelevers politiska och samhälleliga engagemang och deltagande2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns en vilja från samhällets institutioner att det politiska engagemanget i Sverige ska öka och att detta engagemang, och i förlängningen inflytande, ska vara mer jämlikt fördelat med avseende på kön, ålder, bakgrund, socioekonomisk status och så vidare. Ett jämlikt inflytande kräver att alla ges samma förutsättningar för att engagera sig och i det avseendet kan skolan sägas ha en viktig roll att spela. För att diskutera kring samhällskunskapsämnets betydelse när det gäller ungdomars förutsättningar för ett samhälleligt och politiskt engagemang, deras politiska socialisation, har åtta elever i årskurs nio intervjuats rörande politik, samhälle och samhällskunskap. Samhälleligt och politiskt engagemang kan ta sig uttryck på olika sätt, därför undersöks detta ur tre olika perspektiv, det valdemokratiska, deltagardemokratiska och samtalsdemokratiska demokratiidealet. Studien ger stöd åt uppfattningen att samhällskunskapen lägger (för) stor vikt vid faktakunskaper vilket leder till att ungdomarna är mest förberedda på ett politiskt och samhälleligt engagemang sett ur det valdemokratiska perspektivet som innebär att de är mogna att delta i allmänna val. När det gäller att förbereda ungdomarna på att samtala kring samhälle och politik samt att skapa förutsättningar för ett djupare engagemang och deltagande verkar samhällskunskapsundervisningen lämna mer att önska.

  • 218.
    Larson, Mia
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Lundberg, Christine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Thirsting for Vampire Tourism: Developing Pop Culture Destinations2013In: Journal of Destination marketing and management, ISSN 2212-571X, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 74-84Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Destinations associated with pop culture phenomena, such as destinations depicted in books and films, often experience increased numbers of visitors as well as strengthened and changed destination images. The pop culture phenomenon the Twilight Saga (book and film series) is in this paper used as an example to explore how a pop culture phenomenon can affect destinations, and how destinations manage this type of tourism. Case studies in Forks, WA, in the USA, Volterra, Montepulciano in Italy and British Columbia in Canada illustrate different tourism destination strategies. Forks has, for example, developed experiences based on a fictionally constructed reality connected to Twilight, which has reimagined the destination, and, thus, fabricated the authenticity of the place. Volterra and Montepulciano, on the other hand, have experienced a Twilight Saga tourism development characterised by deliberations regarding the immersion of Twilight Saga elements into their cultural heritage which has resulted in a strategy best described as guarding the authenticity of their respective destinations. Finally, British Columbia has had no strategy and exhibits little interest in Twilight tourism. The priority of the destination has been to satisfy the needs of film producers. The study elaborates on different paths of pop culture tourism development, i.e. it is not always advisable to fully exploit the potential that a pop cultural phenomenon can bring to a destination. Which strategy should be used by a particular destination depends on the unique character of the place and its perceived need for tourism development.

  • 219.
    Larson, Mia
    et al.
    Lund University, Campus Helsingborg, Dep of Service Management.
    Lundberg, Christine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    town of the living, the city of the un-dead:: developing film tourism2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 220.
    Larsson, Johanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Varför blir en Åreturist en Årebo?2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 221. Laven, Daniel
    Building a NHA Logic Model2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 222.
    Laven, Daniel
    University of Vermont.
    Emerging trends in park and protected area management: A Critical Analysis of the Eastern James Bay Region of Quebec, Canada2005In: Proceedings of the 2004 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-326 / [ed] Bricker, Kelly, Newtown Square: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station , 2005, p. 263-270Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 223.
    Laven, Daniel
    University of Vermont, USA.
    Emerging Trends in Park and Protected Area Management: A Critical Analysis of the Eastern James Region of Quebec, Canada2004In: Proceedings of the 2004 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium / [ed] Bricker, Kelly, 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 224.
    Laven, Daniel
    University of Vermont, USA.
    Engaging Diverse Communities through National Heritage Areas2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 225.
    Laven, Daniel
    University of Vermont.
    Evaluating National Heritage Areas: Program Analysis and Policy Implications at the Blackstone River Valley National Heritage Corridor2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 226.
    Laven, Daniel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Heritage as a Catalyst for Sustainable Development2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 227.
    Laven, Daniel
    University of Vermont, USA.
    Partnerships and Networks: New Insights into National Heritage Area Management2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 228.
    Laven, Daniel
    University of Vermont, USA.
    Stewardship Begins with People: An Atlas of Places, People, and Handmade Products2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 229.
    Laven, Daniel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Visitor Monitoring in a Landscape Context2012In: The 6th International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitors in Recreation and Protected Areas: Outdoor recreation in change - current knowledge and future challenges / [ed] Peter Fredman, Marie Stenseke, Hanna Liljendahl, Anders Mossing, Daniel Laven, 2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 230.
    Laven, Daniel
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Fredman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Wall-Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    New Challenges for Managing Sustainable Tourism in Protected Areas: An Exploratory Study from a Landscape Perspective in Sweden2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 231.
    Laven, Daniel
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Gelbman, Alon
    Kinneret College on the Sea of Galilee.
    Community-based Tourism and Sustainability: The Case Study of a Hostel in the Old City of Nazareth2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 232.
    Laven, Daniel
    et al.
    National Park Service Conservation Study Institute and Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park, Woodstock, USA.
    Krymkowski, D
    Ventriss, C
    Manning, R
    Mitchell, N
    From Partnerships to Networks: New Approaches for Measuring NHA Effectiveness2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    National heritage areas (NHAs) are a form of protected area management that rely exclusively on partnerships. NHA designations haveincreased rapidly in the last 20 years, generating a substantial need for information about how NHAs work and the outcomes asso-ciated with the NHA process. Several recent qualitative evaluation studies of NHAs have identified the importance of understanding network structure and function in the context of evaluating NHA management effectiveness or performance. This paper extendsprevious evaluation research on NHAs by applying NETDRAW (a popular visual approach to network analysis) as well as a statis-tically more robust approach known as exponential random graph modeling to data collected at three sites. Study findings provideinsight into the “health” of each of these networks in terms of balancing the degree of network openness versus the degree of network closure. More importantly, this study demonstrates the potential of using quantitative network analysis as an indicator of NHAeffectiveness.

  • 233.
    Laven, Daniel
    et al.
    University of Vermont, USA.
    Manning, R
    Krymkowski, D
    The Relationship Between Normative Standards of Quality and Existing Conditions in Parks and Protected Areas2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 234.
    Laven, Daniel
    et al.
    The University of Vermont.
    Manning, Robert
    Krymkowski, Daniel
    The Relationship Between Visitor-Based Standards of Quality and Existing Conditions in Parks and Outdoor Recreation2005In: Leisure Sciences, ISSN 0149-0400, E-ISSN 1521-0588, Vol. 27, p. 157-173Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Parks and related areas are increasingly adopting management-by-objectives/indicatorbasedframeworks to protect resources and the quality of visitor experiences. Indicatorbasedframeworks rely on development of indicators and standards of quality, andresearch has been developed to measure visitor-based standards of quality. In this researchapproach, visitors to parks and related areas judge the acceptability of a rangeof recreation-related impacts to natural/cultural resources and the quality of the visitorexperience. The purpose of this paper is to explore the strength and variability of therelationship between visitor-based standards of quality and existing conditions in parksand related areas. Data were derived from studies conducted in 11 U.S. national parksystem units between 1995 and 2002. Results indicated that visitor-based standards ofquality are generally unrelated to existing conditions. Implications of these findings areexplored for research on visitor-based standards of quality and related issues, and forthe management of parks and outdoor recreation.

  • 235.
    Laven, Daniel
    et al.
    University of Vermont.
    Manning, Robert
    University of Vermont.
    Valliere, William
    University of Vermont.
    Lawson, Steven
    University of Vermont.
    Newman, Peter
    University of Vermont.
    Budruk, Megha
    University of Vermont.
    Bacon, James
    University of Vermont.
    Wang, Benjamin
    University of Vermont.
    The relationship between existing conditions and standards of quality in parks2004In: Proceedings of the 2003 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium GTR-NE-317, 2004, p. 452-458Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 236.
    Laven, Daniel
    et al.
    University of Vermont, USA.
    Mitchell, N
    Jewiss, J
    Evaluating National Heritage Areas: From Models to Measurement2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 237.
    Laven, Daniel
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Shamma, Linda
    Kulturarv som arena för dialog: Israel-Palestina-konflikten betraktad ur konstens och samhälls-vetenskapens perspektiv2017Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 238.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Music fans as tourists: the mysterious ways of individual and social dimensions2018In: The Routledge handbook of popular culture and tourism / [ed] Christine Lundberg & Vassilios Ziakas, New York: Routledge, 2018, p. 234-247Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 239.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Chekalina, Tatiana
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Lundberg, Christine
    University of Surrey.
    The ABBA fandom: - an online survey2019Report (Other academic)
  • 240.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Eriksson, Lars-Börje
    Razormind AB.
    Olausson, Fredrik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Defining tasks and creating financial innovations: Challenges of a Swedish local DMO2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 241.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Larson, Mia
    Lunds Universitet.
    Lundberg, Christine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    The virtual fan(g) community: Social Media and Pop Culture Tourism.2013In: Tourism Social Media: Transformations in Identity, Community and Culture / [ed] S. Gyimóthy, A. M. Munar and L. Cai, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2013, p. 133-158Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 242.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Lundberg, Christine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism. University of Stavanger.
    Chekalina, Tatiana
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Travelling in the Footsteps of ABBA2019In: Journal of Popular Culture, ISSN 0022-3840, E-ISSN 1540-5931, Vol. 52Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 243.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Olausson, Fredrik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Vintersportorten året runt Del II: Produkt och marknadsföring – nuläge, trender och benchmark2015Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 244.
    Lidmar-Bergström, Karna
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Olvmo, Mats
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Bonow, Johan M.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography. Geovisiona AB, Järfälla.
    The South Swedish Dome: a key structure for identification of peneplains and conclusions on Phanerozoic tectonics of an ancient shield2017In: GFF, ISSN 1103-5897, E-ISSN 2000-0863, Vol. 139, no 4, p. 244-259Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The relationships between different denudation surfaces/peneplains formed across crystalline basement rocks give valuable information to the tectonic development of ancient shields. The denudation surfaces can be identified by the aid of their landforms, tilt and remnant weathering mantles in relation to cover rocks. Three types of denudation surfaces are identified across south Sweden (1) a tilted flat plain, (2) a tilted hilly surface with relative relief below 150 m and (3) stepped horizontal plains with residual hills. All three types of denudation surfaces are peneplains, denudation surfaces graded to specific base levels. The re-exposed parts of the inclined flat sub-Cambrian peneplain (SCP) extend as a landscape feature from below cover rocks in the north and east and reaches up on the highest summits of the South Swedish Uplands. The SCP (the exact unconformity) is encountered again below Cambrian covers outside the west coast. Thus south Sweden is a geological dome, the South Swedish Dome (SSD), in relation to the Cambrian cover. The southern and western low flanks of the exposed part of the dome are instead characterized by a hilly peneplain, the inclined sub-Cretaceous denudation surface, with remnants of thick, kaolinitic, clayey saprolites. This sub-Cretaceous peneplain is cut off at a distinct level in the south and west by the almost horizontal South Småland Peneplain, a never covered, epigene, peneplain. The uplift history of the SSD aids to the understanding on the development of late Tertiary drainage systems of the Baltic Basin by the Eridano River.

  • 245.
    Lif, Lina
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Sundin, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    En resa för mänskligheten: En studie av studenters etiska uppfattning vad gäller turism till länder där mänskliga rättigheter kränks2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 246.
    Lind, Selma
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    "Det ska finnas någoting för alla" (Den turismansvarige för Ovanåkers kommun): En fallstudie om marknadsföring av en perifer destination i Sverige2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 247.
    Lindblad Gidlund, Katarina
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Giritli Nygren, Katarina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Diagnosing the techno-relational action space;: Finding institutional and individual dimensions for innovation in transformational government2011In: Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy, ISSN 1750-6166, E-ISSN 1750-6174, Vol. 5, no 4, p. 364-378Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The overall purpose of this paper is to contribute to the discussion of the IT-related public sector transformation by reintroducing the question of employees’ organisational power and position in technological and technocratic systems.

     

    Design/methodology/approach – To examine how formal organisational positions, together with the way in which employees position themselves in relation to technology, affect how employees interpret their accessible action space (position and action strategy) a survey in a local municipality were conducted.

    Findings – As indicated by our hypothesis, the empirical results verify that the techno-relational action space is two-dimensional, consisting of both a formal position (how the organisational members are positioned) and a certain amount of action space outside a formal position (i.e. how they are position themselves). Elaborating on these dimensions generates rewarding insights into a micro-change perspective where technology-related innovation processes are concerned.

    Originality/value – The paper combines analysis of how the organisational members position themselves in relation to technology with how they are positioned organisationally in relation to technology and structures of power. Instead, we claim, that he techno-relational space is both a matter of how the organisational members position themselves in relation to technology and a matter of how they are positioned organisationally in relation to technology and structures of power.

    Practical implications: Identifying and acknowledging employees perceived techno-relational action space is of great importance in understanding organisational members’ participation, cooperation and innovative capability in government transformation.

     

  • 248.
    Lindblad Gidlund, Katarina
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Giritli Nygren, Katarina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The myth of eGovernment2009In: Handbook of Research on ICT-Enabled Transformational Government: A Global Perspective, Hershey: Information Science Reference, 2009, p. 313-328Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The authors of this chapter suggest that e-government is best understood as a mythologised megatrend. They argue that it has become a symbol for the modernised government of today. A symbol which, in some sense has to be demythologized in order to be realised. The authors suggest that by analysing general and specific interpretations, the myth can be partially unravelled, which is illustrated by a large scale study based on 2624 employees in public administration. The authors suggest a loose coupling between the general and the specific level.

  • 249.
    Lindgren, Agnes
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Utlandsresa eller hemester?: En studie om orsakerna bakom svenskars minskade utlandsresande2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 250.
    Littzell, Andrea
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Thorsson, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    En kvalitativ studie om svenska kommuners sponsring av sportevenemang2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
2345678 201 - 250 of 441
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