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  • 201.
    Bogren, Maria
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Rennemo, Øystein
    North Trøndelag University College.
    Widding, Øystein
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology.
    Networking women entrepreneurs: a fruitful base for business growth?2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to explore what kinds of contacts and networks women see as supportive in their role as business leaders and for their willingness of business growth. Our approach is to investigate the context of women entrepreneurs’ and the various kinds of supporting social networks they are part of. Questionnaires were sent to women entrepreneurs in Mid-Sweden and Mid-Norway about supportive assets and willingness for growth. The result shows 1) that personal networks are seen as a more supportive asset than business networks, 2) that personal contacts with other entrepreneurs are regarded valuable and 3) that women entrepreneurs willing for new networking already have a more heterogenic network than those who don’t express this willingness. The contribution from this study is to provide more detailed insight into the kind of networking giving access to resources important for women leading businesses to grow.

  • 202.
    Bogren, Maria
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Westerdahl, Stig
    Malmö University.
    Organizations in cooperation within Development Partnerships: The impact of organizational fields and institutions2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and purpose Attempts to solve important societal issues, for example long-term sick leave and unemployment, nowadays often involve several and varying type of actors. The European Union supports for example cooperation in projects aiming for new solutions and models to fight the problems. Temporary organizations are formed for this purpose at international, national, regional and local levels, with actors from public sector on different levels, representatives from private companies and non-profit organizations. At times, also the target group affected by the problem is involved. Formations of this kind can apply for funding for a certain period. The constellation lasts for this project only, and a possible continuation depends on the result of the project, or rather whether new funding is received. The purpose of this paper is to discuss a specific type of temporary cooperation between actors from different organizational fields within a temporary organization, what is called Development Partnerships. In our case, the members of the partnership comprises of other organizations, but we especially want to stress the issue concerning actors without organizational belonging, and their participation with actors from well established organizations belonging to institutionalised fields.

  • 203.
    Bohlin, Johanna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Wikström, Petra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Förkortad arbetstid: En studie om förkortad arbetstid ökar lönsamhet, effektivitet och motivationsamt om det bidrar till en bättre arbetsplats2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 204.
    Boije Orrell, Kamilla
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Skogens verkliga värde - och dess påverkan på koncernens resultat2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 205.
    Bois, Lisa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Företagares agerande för hembygdens utveckling2017Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis describes the connection between mundane societalentrepreneurship and local area development in a rural sparsely populatedcontext. It is a qualitative study from a holistic view on the actors. The empiricalwork consists of three deep case studies from one of the most sparsely populatedregions in Europe. The ongoing activities in these rural villages are described fromdifferent perspectives focused on who is the local entrepreneur and how did theyachieve what they have done. The method was to listen to the whole story fromdifferent perspectives. The results from the deep interviews were thematicallyanalysed to find similarities between the different cases. These similarities werethen the base for a new model of the attributes needed among the actors in avillage to reach local area development and one model of what roles a localentrepreneur can play to start up activities for local area development.One key result in the study was the varieties of reasons to act among the actorsand their similarities in results on the local area development. Regardless of whattheir motivation was according to different kinds of entrepreneurship models, theiractions all had similar effect on the local area development.The main scientific counts here were; the connection between mundane actionsand their role to teach and inspire others to start acting or learn more about specificfields. One other empirical contribution is the importance of having fun whiledeveloping networks and making volunteers work hard to reach a common goal.The Model of Attributes needed for Local Area Development from a holistic actorperspective and the similar results in local area development regardless of theentrepreneurial motivation to act in the different cases are other contributions.

  • 206.
    Bolinder, Patrik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Ansvarsfulla investeringar: en fallstudie2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies on the subject have primarily focused on examining the investor's perspective in an investment opportunity, in particular the investor’s thoughts and reasons behind socially responsible investments. However, it is today common that there is a third party present at an investment opportunity, the financial advisor. Hence, this thesis intended to examine the advisor's perspective and how the advisor disclose and ensure that the investor as well as the bank’s motivation is, towards socially responsible investments. The author has used a theoretical framework consisting rational choice theory, which describes how an individual should act in different choices. The data has been collected through interviews with three financial advisors at one Swedish bank and by analyzing the banks CSR-report and its socially responsible funds. The results indicates that socially responsible investments might be customer-oriented, it is in fact the customers own demand that controls the market forsocially responsible investments. The study also shows that the financial advisors believes that the customer has certain requirements for a socially responsible investment, which usually involves financial returns. Thus it is important that the bank encounters the investor’s demands for socially responsible investment, so that the market for socially responsible investments may continue to grow.

  • 207.
    Boman, Anders
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Gustafsson, Daniel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Hållbarhetsredovisning: relationen mellan arbetsansvar, produktansvar och medieexponering2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    CSR reporting has today become increasingly common for companies to show that they are socially responsible. CSR reporting differs from ordinary financial accounting since there is no auditing organization which means that CSR reporting will be different between different companies. The aim of this study was to contribute to our knowledge of why companies choose to spend time and money on CSR reporting. The study investigates the relationshipbetween the reporting of product responsibility and the amount of media exposure a company gets and the relationship between the reporting of labour practice and decent work and the reporting of product responsibility. The study also investigates whether there are differences in the reporting of product responsibility and labour practice and decent work in different parts of the world and different lines of business.Data was collected from the GRI database where companies publish their reports. The quantitative data collected is from 120 companies randomly sampled from the GRI database and then analyzed with SPSS-Amos. The companies in the study are categorized as large companies in the database, and the reports are written in English. Based on the aim of the study hypotheses were set up and tested. All the six hypotheses were tested in the SPSS-Amos model. Two of the six hypotheses could be verified and these results are supported by earlier research. The results were that the reporting of product responsibility influences the amount of media exposure companies get and that labour practice and decent work influence the reporting of product responsibility. In the study we found no connection between which parts of the world the companies were based in or their line of business andthe amount of labour practice and decent work reporting and product responsibility reporting.

  • 208.
    Boman, M.
    et al.
    Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, P.O. Box 49, SE-230 53 Alnarp, Sweden.
    Fredman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Lundmark, L.
    Department of Geography and Economic History, Umeå University, SE-901 87 Umeå, Sweden.
    Ericsson, G.
    Department of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SE-901 83 Umeå, Sweden .
    Outdoor recreation - A necessity or a luxury?: Estimation of Engel curves for Sweden2013In: Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism, ISSN 2213-0780, Vol. 3-4, p. 49-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Income constitutes one important constraint for the degree of participation in outdoor recreation. The effect of this constraint can be measured by the income elasticity of outdoor recreation demand, which is of policy interest when the distribution of recreation opportunities across socioeconomic groups is a concern. This study investigated income elasticity of expenditures for three types of outdoor recreation in Sweden, at the individual level: outdoor recreation as an aggregated composite good, outdoor recreation close to home (less than 100 km away from the permanent residence), and hunting. The findings indicated that outdoor recreation as a composite is a luxury good with elasticity in excess of unity (i.e. a relative increase in income will lead to a greater relative increase in demand). The elasticities of the specific activities were found to be lower. Outdoor recreation close to home was characterized as a necessity with elasticity less than unity (i.e. a relative increase in income will lead to a smaller relative increase in demand). The results further suggested that an increase in income could lead to either a decrease or an increase in the demand for hunting, indicating that hunting might be an inferior good or possibly a necessity. Management implications Based on data from national surveys in Sweden, this paper explores the relationship between income and demand for different types of outdoor recreation activities. The analysis reveals that: The total demand for outdoor recreation opportunities can be expected to increase with increasing income levels in society. An increase in total demand does, however, not imply that demand for all types of outdoor recreation will increase simultaneously.The relationship between income and outdoor recreation demand differs among various types of recreation activities. Outdoor recreation close to home and hunting provided two examples of such diverging patterns in this paper. This, in turn, leads to different policy implications.Policy measures should, therefore, be adapted to the specific type of outdoor recreation under consideration.Managers need to be aware of the underlying factors affecting demand, such as socioeconomic characteristics, substitutability, motivations and different types of constraints.Future analysis should consider also the following factors potentially affecting outdoor recreation demand:- The distinction between recreation enjoyed during overnight trips (i.e. tourism related), as opposed to day based recreation activities where income may be less important.- The time available for outdoor recreation and the family situation.- Recreational activities must be regarded within the regulatory national framework. For example hunting in Sweden is guided by bag limits, reduced mobility because of limited access to specific hunting grounds, and specific national management of hunting opportunities. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

  • 209.
    Boman, Markus
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Lundkvist, Per
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Fondförvaltning: - en studie av aktiv och passiv förvaltning avseende Sverigefonder i relation till marknadsutvecklingen under perioden 2003-20122014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 210.
    Boman, Markus
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Lundkvist, Per
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Fondförvaltning: en studie av aktiv och passiv förvaltning avseende Sverigefonder i relation till marknadsutvecklingen under perioden 2003-20122014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Diskussionen kring aktiv och passiv fondförvaltning har varit ett omdebatterat ämne och i tidigare studier råder delade meningar kring vilken förvaltningsstrategi som ger den bästa avkastningen. Den aktuella studien behandlar hur aktivt och passivt förvaltade fonder presterar jämförelsevis med marknadens utveckling. Syftet var att undersöka såväl avkastning som riskjusterad avkastning mellan de olika fondslagen och marknaden samt huruvida de aktiva fondernas förvaltningsavgift var befogad eller inte. För att besvara syftet använde studien olika prestationsmått som vanligtvis förekommer inom finansbranschen och tidigare forskning. Studien avsåg att uttala sig om 36 Sverigefonder varav fem av dessa var indexfonder. Insamling av kvantifierbar sekundärdata inhämtades via fondinformationsbolaget Morningstar, vilken sedermera bearbetades statistiskt. Undersökningens utfall visar avseende medelvärden ett entydigt resultat att de passiva fonderna överpresterar de aktiva fonderna gällande samtliga prestationsmått. Vidare framkom att förvaltningsavgiften generellt inte var motiverad eftersom det endast var ett fåtal aktivt förvaltade fonder som lyckades prestera bättre än studiens marknadsindex. Studiens slutsats pekar på att den genomsnittliga fondspararen kan placera sitt kapital i en billig indexfond som följer marknadens utveckling. För möjligheten att erhålla en avkastning som överstiger marknadens utveckling bör aktivt förvaltade fonder väljas då indexfonder inte avser att slå marknaden. Dock bör påpekas att det är av stor vikt att välja rätt aktivt förvaltad fond då underökningen visade att endast en minoritet av dessa levererade en överavkastning.

  • 211.
    Borg, Lena
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE).
    Högberg, Lovisa
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE).
    Organization of Laundry Facility Types and Energy Use in Owner-Occupied Multi-Family Buildings in Sweden2014In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 6, no 6, p. 3843-3860Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The way in which we plan and produce buildings today will influence our energy consumption in the future. This paper explores how the types of laundry facilities provided in owner-occupied multi-family buildings in Sweden have changed since the 1990s and seeks to draw attention to how this may impact energy consumption for laundry. Three factors are analyzed that influence energy consumption: the number of laundry appliances, energy performance in laundry appliances and user demand for laundry. The results indicate that there has been a change in building practices, from the domination of communal laundry rooms towards in-unit laundry facilities. The findings imply that the changes in provision of laundry facilities increase the number of appliances but do not necessarily increase energy consumption during the usage phase depending on energy performance and user behavior. Thus, developers should consider laundry facility organization when designing multi-family buildings in order to optimize the use of space and resources, given user demand and building regulations. This paper is exploratory in nature and indicates a shift in building practices that up until now has been undocumented in a research context which in turn opens up for many new research questions related to resource use but also related to the economics of developers, housing firms and households.

  • 212. Borg, M
    et al.
    Hallén, Lars
    International transfer of managers for managerial control in multinational companies1991In: The 7th IMP Conference, Uppsala, 1991Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 213.
    Brander, Christian
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Fransén, Einar
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Kapitalstrukturens påverkan på lönsamhet hos små och medelstora företag inomsvensk detaljhandel2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien undersöker hur kapitalstrukturen påverkar lönsamheten för små ochmedelstora företag (SMF) inom detaljhandeln i Sverige. Informationen i studien är hämtadfrån åren 2009-2012 och innehåller 6532 företag och 26128 observationer. Målet med studienvar att försöka hitta samband mellan den beroende variabeln lönsamhet (i form avavkastningen på totalt kapital) och de oberoende variablerna: Storlek, ålder, eget kapital,kortfristiga skulder samt långfristiga skulder. Resultaten skulle då antingen styrka ellermotbevisa liknande tidigare forskning inom ämnet. I de empiriska resultaten analyserasinformationen med hjälp av en multipel linjär regressionsanalys och kopplas till de välkändateorierna the resource based theory och the pecking order theory. Resultatet indikerar attlönsamheten har ett positivt signifikant samband med variablerna: företagets storlek, egetkapital, kortfristiga och långfristiga skulder. Däremot ger åldern ett signifikant negativtsamband på lönsamheten. Det innebär alltså att ju större och ju mer kapital (eget kapital ochskulder) ett företag har, desto mer lönsamt blir företaget och när företaget blir äldre sjunkerlönsamheten inom företaget.

  • 214.
    Brandt, Serena
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Mikaelsson, Emelie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Revisorernas ställning i konsulternas era: En fallstudie av fyra revisionsbyråer2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 215.
    Brandum Granqvist, Meeri
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Att återvinna ett kulturarv: Den politiske entreprenören gör gammalt och nytt2010In: Entreprenörskap i regioners tjänst: Ingångar till nya näringar genom design, upplevelser, kulturarv / [ed] Bengt Johannisson & David Rylander, Jönköping: EIDI, Jönköping International Business School , 2010, p. 75-90Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Glesbygden har de senaste decennierna genomgått förändringar som lett bland annat till en omfattande utflyttning samt ett ständigt minskande serviceutbud. Många försök har gjorts att vända utvecklingen och i vissa fall har man lyckats. Finns det några recept på framgång inom glesbygdsutveckling? Kan det finnas en lösning på problemet i att hämta inspiration ur ett kulturarv, att hämta idéer från det förgångna för att blicka framåt? I projektet som beskrivs i detta kapitel har man försökt göra just detta och initiativet togs av ett antal politiska entreprenörer – politiker eller tjänstemän som agerat entreprenöriellt för att förändra policy eller institutioner. Tack vare det entreprenöriella agerandet lyckades en liten bygd få igenom ett mångmiljonprojekt som strävar efter att vända den negativa trenden både kortsiktigt och långsiktigt. Projektet genomsyras av en nerifrån-och-upp-mentalitet och innehåller prioriteringar som arbetats fram i samarbete med lokalt näringsliv och byalag. Huruvida projektet kommer att lyckas kommer framtiden att utvisa, men det verkar ändå som att det politiska entreprenörskapet kan vara en kraft att räkna med i framtiden – både i just den här bygden och på andra platser.

  • 216.
    Brattemo, Alexander
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Nordström, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Finns det någon skillnad i avkastning mellan etiska och traditionella fonder?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Ethical investments has in recent decades become an increasingly popular option among everything from small savers to larger fund institutions. The emergence of ethical funds has led to increased competition for the traditionally managed funds, and this has in turn led to a discussion about the ethical funds actual profitability relative to the traditional funds (Leite, 2014). The purpose of this study is to investigate the difference in yield between the traditionally managed funds and ethically managed funds.The data was collected from the Morningstar database and the selection has been limited to a total of 18 Swedish ethical equity funds and 33 Swedish traditional equity funds, this resulted in a total of 510 variables for historical fund return over a 10 year period. The funds were divided into two fund portfolios based on the two different fund categories. Each fund portfolio's annual return was examined based on various measures of return. The study measured the significant statistical difference between the different measurements using the statistical tests Two-sample t, ANOVA and Paired T-testThe results of the study show that there is no significant statistical difference in yield between the ethical portfolio and the traditional portfolio. Nowadays, many investors want to invest in a financial portfolio representing their individual values and the result from this study shows that investors can choose to be ethical in the financial market and still obtain good financial returns. Investing ethically means creating value that benefits all of society, including yourself as an investor.

  • 217.
    Brattemo, Alexander
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Nordström, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    How does CSR and Price affect customer loyalty?: A study on the SME and bank relationship2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Small and medium sized enterprises (SME) are considered to be some of the most important clients for banks and financial institutions since they generally provide them with the greatest profits. However, this is currently changing as clients today are more prone to switch banks than previously. Price has generally been a factor that might be important in regards to SME loyalty since price may have a direct effect on SMEs. On the other hand CSR may have long term effects that are not only positive for SMEs but also society as a whole. CSR may have become more important due to today’s society where people might have become more environmentally conscious and where society to a higher degree than before, have started to hold companies responsible for their actions. The purpose of this study will therefore be to measure, describe and analyze how CSR and price affect SMEs loyalty towards banks in comparison to the previously studied variables of satisfaction, trust, service quality and relationship. The empirical data in this study was composed of primary data since the authors of the study collected it by themselves. The authors gathered the data through a survey conducted over the telephone. The study conducted a total of 240 phone calls within the Västernorrland and Gävleborg County, which resulted in a total number of 82 respondent that answered the survey. The result of this study shows that CSR, price, satisfaction, service quality and trust does not have any statistically significant effect on SMEs loyalty towards banks which could be interpreted as these variables not being that important for SMEs choice of bank. This study can establish that only the variable relationship had a significant effect on SMEs loyalty towards banks. This could be because SMEs believe that having a strong and enduring relationship with their bank will be in their best interest.

  • 218.
    Breedijk, Arno
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    The future of travel agencies in the digital world of Generation Y travellers2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper the question if travel agencies still have value in the digitally oriended world of Generation Y has been researched. At first former research has been analysed to create an overview of the data that has already been created by other researchers. Thereafter, theory about the digitalisation of the travel market, generational cohorts, future traveller behaviour and the function of intermediaries are used to create the theoretical framework. Based on this theory, propositions are formed that cover the most relevant and important information regarding the research question. These propositions are tested with qualitative interviews, whereby 10 Western European Generation Y travelers explained their way of travelling and travel planning, vision about the travel market, the role of travel agencies, the importance of internet and social media and the way travel agencies can contribute to the travels of Generation Y.The results show that Generation Y backpackers are highly focussed on their budget. Internet has offered people the ability to arrange every aspect of travel themselves, without help from a mediator. They do not feel connected to any companies, but search for the best price/quality ratio. They approach their trips systematic and the result must be as efficient as possible. Travel agencies are only used when they can add value to the trip or when they offer package deals that are cheaper as when the traveller arranges this independent from the agency. There is a contradiction between actions and motives of Generation Y backpackers. They approach trips as business,while they plan these trips to escape daily habits, discover new cultures and learn by challenging themselves. Pretending to be perfect and being admired by their social network seems more important than personal goals.This research shows that Generation Y is highly dependent on internet. Every stage of their trip is carefully prepared with information they found online. Travel agencies are not essential anymore and they must adapt to the digital market and the individual needs of Generation Y. They should work more efficient and offer their customers service that the internet cannot offer. Generation Y’s scepticism should be beaten and agencies must show them that they are trustworthy and add value to their trips. Lastly, they should realise that Generation Y uses a business approach during trip planning and to be successful, they need to be better and cheaper than their competitors. This study aims to create an image about the visions of some Generation Y travellers.

  • 219.
    Brehm, Ann-Kathrin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Branding of higher educational institutions in Northern Europe: A survey about German and Swedish students’ point of view when choosing a place of study2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 220.
    Brettell Grip, Anna-Karin
    Handelshögskolan i Stockholm.
    Funding and Accountability – Studies of a Swedish and a British Chamber Orchestra2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 221.
    Brickwedde, Maike
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Online Impulse Buying of Apparel Products: - A Cross-Cultural Survey Study2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 222.
    Brink, Viktoria
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Svedin-Thunström, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Hur använder små närproducerande företag Facebook?: En fallstudie om hur företag i livsmedelsbranschen stärker sitt varumärke genom marknadsföring på Facebook2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 223.
    Britte, Lovisa
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Vengelin, Angelica
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Bankers beaktande av hållbarhetsfrågor vid företagsaffärer2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 224.
    BRODIN, ANGELICA
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    TÅNG, ANDREAS
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Utveckling av imaginära organisationer genom intern marknadsföring: En fallstudie om projekt Storsjön2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 225.
    Broman, Fredrik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Nordin, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Rörelsekapitalhantering för svenska små och medelstora företag2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Working capital management (WCM) is an important part of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in order to generate new capital and streamline operations. The companies that consist in Sweden is to the majority SMEs, which makes it important to investigate how companies handle their capital. The purpose of the study was to analyse WCM thru CCC and WCR with company-specific, industry-specific and macro-specific factors. This was tested in an OLS model with this studies dependent variables CCC and WCR against the independent variables profitability, growth opportunities, size, cash flow and industry affiliation. The study also examined how a financial crisis affects working capital with a t2 test. This study included 4240 companies in the period 2008 to 2015, where 2008 to 2009 is described as a crisis period. The result for the study shows a positive significant correlation between CCC and cash flow, as well as a negatively significant correlation with profitability, size and industry affiliation. Furthermore, the study shows a positive significant correlation between WCR and profitability, and the size of the growth potential, cash flow and industry affiliationare negatively significant in relation to the WCR. The companies have a longer CCC and a higher WCR during crisis periods.

  • 226.
    Brouder, Patrick
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography. Brock Univ, Dept Geog, St Catharines, ON L2S 3A1, Canada.
    Fullerton, Christopher
    Brock Univ, Dept Geog, St Catharines, ON L2S 3A1, Canada.
    Exploring Heterogeneous Tourism Development Paths: Cascade Effect or Co-evolution in Niagara?2015In: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, E-ISSN 1502-2269, Vol. 15, no 1-2, p. 152-166Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tourism is often galvanised around a central theme based on a region's strengths in product supply and promotional opportunity, which usually results in an identifiable regional brand. However, this also hides the existing heterogeneity of tourism supply, especially in regions with an established brand. Securing long-term community economic development requires a broader focus since some unheralded tourism development paths may prove resilient over the long term and ultimately contribute to community development. This paper investigates the less central stakeholders in the Niagara region of Canada and explores how future studies might integrate marginal tourism stakeholders in studies of the regional tourism economy. Through semi-structured interviews with regional tourism stakeholders, the analysis of the Niagara region, based on perspectives of co-evolution from evolutionary economic geography, reveals a new perspective on tourism development by focussing on the place of marginal stakeholders in a region with a strong tourism brand. The region exhibits strong path dependence based on its industrial and agricultural legacy but long-term, organic, incremental processes of change within the region are creating new tourism development paths. These new paths co-evolve with the dominant tourism paths as well as other community development initiatives leading to positive change across the region.

  • 227.
    Brown, S.
    et al.
    Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia .
    Getz, D.
    University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada .
    Pettersson, Robert
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Wallstam, Martin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Event evaluation: Definitions, concepts and a state of the art review2015In: International Journal of Event and Festival Management, ISSN 1785-2954, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 135-157Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to define event evaluation, develop a conceptual model of its process and elements, review pertinent literature, and draw conclusions pertaining both to the discourse on evaluation and its praxis. Design/methodology/approach – General review of literature and development of a conceptual model of the evaluation process. Findings – The review suggests that impact assessments have dominated, but are only one type of evaluation; research and papers on evaluating the worth of events has been minimal, while those on the evaluation of various management and marketing functions is fragmented. Research limitations/implications – It is concluded that little has been written about evaluation paradigms and systems, although the discourse on sustainability and triple bottom line accountability has led to a greater emphasis on non-economic considerations. Originality/value – The conceptual model of the evaluation process and its components offers a systematic approach to shaping evaluation discourse and methods. Conclusions are drawn on how to advance evaluation research and methods applied to events. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

  • 228.
    Brunsson, Karin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Stockenstrand, Anna-Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Vintage review: How to Run a Bassoon Factory, Mark Spade, London: Lowe & Brydone Printers (1950), 123 pp2013In: Scandinavian Journal of Management, ISSN 0956-5221, E-ISSN 1873-3387, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 116-117Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 229.
    Bryskhe, André
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    von Platten, Fredrik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Fyller anlitade likviditetsgaranter sitt faktiska syfte?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Market makers exist all over the globe with the ambition to improve and provide liquidity in stock markets. In order to raise capital in the stock market companies need a liquid stock. Previous papers has shown different sides of correlation between market makers and improved liquidity. This study different itself from other papers by including focus on growth companiesfrom emerging markets. Companies in emerging markets can especially gain from higher liquidity. By measuring differences in liquidity six months before and after a market maker employment via quantitative analysis the authors can distinguish market makers influence. The involved companies was categorized based on which list their listed on. The categories are following; Nasdaq First North, Nasdaq Small Cap and Nasdaq Mid Cap. First North is a list for emerging markets, the other two are lists at the main market and categorized by size. Theambition with this paper was to compare the measured companies with just as many that don't possess a market maker by 2019-04-05. Although, the analysis did not show any significant relationship between market makers and liquidity which resulted in no need to compare companies with market maker and companies without. The analysis got a new focus, which was to discuss why there were not any significant relationship.

  • 230.
    Brännlund, Runar
    et al.
    Umeå Universitet.
    Nordström, Jonas
    University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Stage, Jesper
    Luleå Tekniska Universitet.
    Svedin, Dick
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Foreign ownership and its effects on employment and wages: the case of Sweden2016In: IZA Journal of European Labor Studies, E-ISSN 2193-9012, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 1-17, article id 8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we study how foreign ownership of Swedish companies affects employment and wages. To study these effects, we specify a model based on the assumption that the Swedish labour market can be described as one where trade unions and employers bargain over employment and wages. Our hypothesis is that bargaining power is affected by institutional settings and the ownership of the firm. To test our hypothesis, we used a panel data set of 242 large Swedish manufacturing firms over the period 1980–2005. The results indicate no significant impact of foreign ownership on employment or wages in Sweden.

  • 231. Brännlund, Runar
    et al.
    Nordström, Jonas
    Svedin, Dick
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Foreign ownership and effects on employment and wages:: The case of Sweden2004Report (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we study how foreign ownership of Swedish companies affect employment and wage setting. To study the effects we specify a model that is essentially based on the assumption that the Swedish labour market can be described as a market where trade unions and employers bargain over both wage and employment. Our hypothesis is that the bargaining power is affected by institutional settings and the ownership of the firm. The data we used to test our hypothesis is a panel data set including nearly 200 firms, spanning over the period 1980-1994. The results indicate that foreign ownership has no significant effect on employment and wage setting.

  • 232.
    Brännström, Lovisa
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Sjöström, Jessica
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Hur påverkas transaktions- och relationsbaserad kreditbedömning av graden av kontroll?: En studie utifrån ett bankperspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Banks’ credit assessments can be defined as either transactional or relational. Transaction based credit assessments are based on hard information that is, in comparison, easily available at the time of lending and can be clearly observed by others, whilst relationship based credit assessments originate from soft information that is often difficult to identify. Previous research (Bruns & Fletcher, 2008) suggest that factors that reduces risk for the bank and instead transfers the aforementioned risk to the company, such as past performance and collateral, has the greatest impact on credit decisions. Other previous research (Berger & Udell, 2002) has however shown that long-term relationships are relevant when it comes to granting loans.The aim of this thesis is to, from a banking perspective, describe and analyze the significance that transaction and relationship based credit assessment has on the assessment of small businesses, depending on the degree of control. After the deregulation of mandatory auditing, small businesses face a decision - whether they want an auditor, accountant or neither, i.e. anabsence of control. This is, in our study, treated as different degrees of control where the application of an auditor implies the highest degree of control. We applied a quantitative methodology to achieve the purpose of this study, along with a deductive approach. Primary data was collected using an online survey sent to all banking advisors in one of the largest banks in Sweden. The questionnaire contained questions concerning transaction andrelationship based credit assessment, divided into five sections which each includes annual accounts, collaterals, internal credit rating, business relationships and market environment. The response rate was 39 percent. The material from the survey were then analyzed and connected to findings from scientific articles and previous research.The results show that the degree of control does to some extent affect the credit assessment. The bank uses more of transactionally based credit assessment when a company has a high degree of control. However, a creditor does not excludes the soft information but the hard information are more widely used, which is in line with Rad et al. (2013) who means that it iscommon to first collect the hard information and then complete with the soft information. Oppositely, a low degree of control resulted in creditors using more relationally based credit assessment, which also is along the lines of previous research (Berger & Udell, 2002; Scott, 2006).

  • 233.
    Brännström, Lovisa
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Törnlund, Therese
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Värdering till verkligt värde i svenska börsnoterade fastighetsbolag: Orealiserade värdeförändringar, börsvärde och resultat2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Fair value seems to be both relevant and reliable when markets are efficient and thereby decision useful. Since there is a lack of efficient markets there are arising problems among real estate companies that makes the valuation of investment properties more difficult. The valuation of fair value is characterized by subjective assessments. Since investment propertiesoften make up a large part of total assets, the uncertainty according to the valuation increases, thus, there is a risk that fair value decreases in both relevance and reliability.The aim of the study was to describe and analyze if there is a relationship between unrealized changes in fair value in investment properties and real estate companies market capitalization and earnings. Further, the eventual relationship between earnings and market capitalization. There were 14 real estate companies included in the study, where all of these are involved inthe IAS 40 standard, which regulates how investment properties should be accounted for. The study included the years 2006-2016. Secondary data in terms of companies’ turnover and earnings were collected from Infotorg, while market capitalization and unrealised changes in fair value were collected from annual reports of real estate companies. The collected data were exported to SPSS where descriptive statistics, calculations of Pearson´s correlations andmultiple linear regression analysis were produced for further analysis.The results of the study show that unrealized gains and losses are positively and significantly related to market capitalization. Moreover, unrealized gains and losses and earnings are positively and significantly related to each other. Furthermore, there is a positive and significant relationship between earnings and market capitalization. Finally, the results indicate that there might be other underlying problems than the presentation of unrealised gains and losses in the income statement and earnings volatility. However, the problem may be based on the valuation itself, which implies that the transparency in financial statements is important and also stakeholder’s opinions about fair value´s decision usefulness.

  • 234.
    Brännström, Martin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Kunddriven innovation: En studie om hur kundtjänstföretag tar tillvara på kundsynpunkter2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The service industry is getting big in Sweden. In service companies the interaction between employees and customers is important. For a company to be successful they need to be able to understand and satisfy customers needs. Even though understanding customers needs is so important previous research show that compaines often don’t use the customer feedback that is beeing gathered. The purpose of this paper is to study how frontline employees at call centers are working with customer feedback to develop the company and what elements thatenable and prevent the work with customer feedback. Three focusgroup interviews were conducted on different call centers to study frontline employees attitudes and how they work with customer feedback. The result show that frontline employees work with customer feedback but other goals are often seen as more important, especially in the insurance sector, therefore the work with customer feedback often come in second hand. The paper support theory that higlights the importance of support systems, social capital, customer empathy and the behavior of superiors.

  • 235.
    Bucknor, Andréa
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Cifci, Ceren
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Börsvärde & anläggningstillgångar värderade till verkligt värde2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 236.
    Bui, Yen
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Strategic and flexible HRM practices: Does it really happen?: A case study of Vietnamese banking sector2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to improve our understanding of the current status of HRM practices in an emergent market economy by describing and analyzing how HRM works and develops in the Vietnamese banking sector. In order to get a deeper insight into this topic, an exploratory qualitative interview approach and case study were conducted with ten employees from eight banks in Hanoi, Vietnam. The findings from the interviews implied that strategic HRM has not been completely implemented due to a lack of dynamic environment and transparent policy. Moreover, it seems that bank employees don not perceive their rights and benefits so well, thus, providing room for employers’ opportunistic behaviors. This paper has some practical implementations, e.g. it may help HR practitioners to outline bank employees’ retention strategy, and thus, reducing recruiting costs for banks. Furthermore, this paper has some limitations, so further research should be carried out to a greater amount of respondents and conducted on bank leaders or HR practitioners to obtain their perspectives for triangulation.

  • 237.
    Burström, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Söderlund, Emma
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Sambanden mellan graden av beroende och revisorers benägenhet att utfärda GCV2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction and purpose – The main purpose with this study it to describe and analyze how the degree of dependency affects the auditors’ propensity to issue a going concern warning. Furthermore, we aim to describe the proportions of issued GCW, the clarity of GCW, the proportion of financially distressed companies, as well as the differences in the proportion ofissued GCW, the clarity of the warning and allocation of financial distressed companies between BigN agencies and non BigN agencies. Previous research has mainly focused on individual variables impact on the issue of GCW and therefore this study has a role to play. Methodology – First we measured the variables separately and then we assemble these and then the degree of dependence was created. 551 companies were included in the survey.Statistical processing has been done by measuring correlation and linear regression. Findings – The results of this study shows an increase of issued GCW compared to previous Swedish studies. Non BigN auditors issued a slightly higher proportion of GCW than BigN auditors and they also issued slightly more explicit warnings. However, the differences are not significant. The result also demonstrates that the degree of dependence does not affect theauditors’ propensity to issue GCV or the clarity of these.Conclusions – Our conclusion is that there is no existing relationship between the degree of dependence and the auditors’ propensity to issue a GCW or the clarity of the warning. However, the shares of issued GCW have increased significantly although the proportions of financially stressed companies have not increased. We found that possible reasons for this may be the financial crisis, corporate scandals or the transition to the ISA regulations.Moreover, the majority of the warnings are classified as clear warnings.

  • 238.
    Byberg, Lars-Anders
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Framgångsrika exportörer: En studie av strategiska faktorers inverkan på mindre företags exportutfall2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate which factors that are of particular importance for export performance among small and medium-sized manufacturers. The present study concentrates on strategic factors that are within the powers of the exporters to influence themselves. Additionally, different ways of measuring export success are studied. The resourse based perspective on internationalization and the contingency theory of organizations are used as theoretical framework of the study. Three control variables have been choosen for the study: firm-size, line of business and region. A survey was conducted on a sample of 339 companies which have less than 200 employees each. They are located in eihter of two different regions of Sweden and are involved in one of two selected lines of businesses. 239 usable questionnaires were completed and those were analyzed with correlation analysis, component (factor) analysis and multiple regression analysis. The results indicate that commitment is the factor having the strongest relations with export success, and that background variables have the weakest relations. Of four different fields of strategic and general success factors, relationship marketing is the most essential one. On second place comes internal locus of control, and on third place knowledge orientation. The results show that of the strategic factors, those related to entrepreneurship are the least important for export success. One conclusion from the study is that, depending on how export success is defined and measured, the results differ slightly. The results show that larger companies are more professional in their actions than smaller ones, and for that reason more successful in exporting. Industries of more advanced technology have more elaborate export behaviour, and are therefore more successful than others. Concerning the location, it is concluded that different regions have different competitive advantages and that otherwise similar companies can experience differences in export success for that reason. In the study, companies with a more central location are more successful than others.

  • 239.
    Bylund, Johanna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Nåvik, Josefine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Allt är inte sagt bara för att en lag har talat: En kvalitativ dokumentstudie om hur insiderlagen i praktiken kan ses som en spelregel2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nyckelord: Värdepappersreglering, asymmetrisk information, abstrakta system, abstrakt förtroende, spelregel, spelAbstractInsider trading regulation is a highly-debated topic which often leads to black headlines in the media. Attempts to counteract insider trading is based on the asymmetric information that is common in the securities market and which seems to be the reason why the market can be perceived as unfair and immoral. Insider trading regulation has thus been considered necessary, but the law itself has been questioned when it comes to its real function and efficiency. Earlier research namely shows that the law may be better understood as a game rule where the game is amoral. How the law practically can be better understood as a game rule seems however yet to be lacking in previous research. A study comparing insider law with economic crimes, such as fraud offenses, has thus been considered necessary to determine in which ways the insider law can be compared to an amoral rule of law. This qualitative document-study thus aims to analyze and describe the insider law in a social constructive approach and in what ways it practically can be better understood as a game rule. The importance of maintaining trust in the securities market has also been emphasized by the supervisory authorities Ekobrottsmyndigheten and Finansinspektionen, therefore it was also considered interesting to study documents from their respective websites. The documents were analyzed based on a content analysis where the results were linked to securities regulation and insider law, trust in its abstract form and insiderlaw and/or game rules. The results of this study indicate that the insider law practically should be better understood as a game rule as insider trading is a victimless crime where there are difficulties in proving that a crime actually has been committed.

  • 240.
    Byström, Jonas
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Persson, Paulina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Variabler som förklarar skuldräntan hos SME:s i fastighetsbranschen.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Small and medium sized enterprises, further known as SME: s, plays an important role when it comes to economic growth. Especially in the industrial economies where they make up 99 percent out all the companies while they also contribute the most work opportunities. When it comes to financing the SME: s, they are very reliant on external capital. This is to enable further business but also to evolve and grow as a company. The problem is the SME:s tend to be associated with higher risk, lower profitability and a lack of collateral, which banks require in order to grant loans to a reasonable interest rate, or even being granted a loan at all.The study process 197 SME: s in the real estate business, between the years 2008-2015. The focus of the study is on how the variables age, solidity, size, profitability and economic crisis explain the interest rate that SME: s in the real estate business get when granted loans. To examine this empirical, a linear regression model was generated based on the previously mentioned variables. All variables were also processed in a correlation analysis and a descriptive analysis to examine the connections between the variables to see how the data looked during the economic crisis and in the years of financial recovery. The study can confirm that age, solidity and economic crisis has a negative and significant impact on the interest rate. The result also points to that SME: s often, suffer from moral hazard, information asymmetry and adverse selection.

  • 241.
    Bäck, Joel
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Strömberg Carlsson, Anton
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Vilka variabler påverkar kapitalstrukturer i fastighetsbranschen?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 242.
    Bäck, Lennart
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Friluftslivet i de svenska Lapplandsfjällen2002In: Utmark : tidsskrift for utmarksforskning, ISSN 1502-3532, Vol. 2002:3Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 243.
    Bäck, Lennart
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Friluftslivet i norra Lapplandsfjällen2002In: Ymer, ISSN 0044-0477, p. 152-167Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 244.
    Bäck, Lennart
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Christiansson, Carl
    Bergen i fokus2002Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 245.
    Bäckström, Ingela
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Eriksson, Lina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Lagrosen, Yvonne
    A health-related quality management approach to evaluating health promotion activities2012In: International Journal of Quality and Service Sciences, ISSN 1756-669X, E-ISSN 1756-6703, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 76-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Purpose

    – The purpose of this paper is to describe health promotion activities accomplished within a

    project and to measure the conditions for sustainable health within the case organizations. Also, the

    purpose is to test a previously developed measurement approach, which measures health-related

    quality management.

    Design/methodology/approach

    – A health promotion project currently being carried out at eight

    Swedish elementary schools has been studied. In earlier research a measurement approach was

    developed to measure health-related quality management. The approach was handed out to the

    co-workers at the eight different schools in the initial stage of the project. The leaders at the schools

    were informed of the results of their own school and the mean value of all the eight schools. The

    consistency and reliability of the statements within the approach was tested.

    Findings

    – A description of health promotion activities accomplished and planned within the project

    can be found. The results from the measurement of the health-related quality management in the eight

    schools are presented, together with the mean score of all schools. The test of the measurement

    approach is presented and discussed.

    Originality/value

    – A description of health promotion activities can help managers and project

    leaders to plan and carry out valuable health promotion activities in their striving for both sustainable

    health among the co-workers and efficient organizations. This measurement approach can help

    managers and project leaders to measure the effects of the health promotion activities.

  • 246.
    Bångman, Gunnel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Samhällsekonomisk lönsamhet av snabbtåget Mittlinjen1995Report (Other academic)
  • 247.
    Bångman, Gunnel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Viktad cost-benefit analys: en metod att ta hänsyn till inkomstfördelning i välfärdsanalyser1997Report (Other academic)
  • 248.
    Bångman, Mattias
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Eriksson, Jonas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Företags syn på motprestation vid sponsring2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 249. Canadi, Michael
    et al.
    Höpken, Wolfram
    Fuchs, Matthias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Application of QR Codes in Online Travel Distribution2010In: Information and Communication Technologies in Tourism 2010 / [ed] Gretzel, U, Law, R., Fuchs, M., Vienna, New York: Springer, 2010, p. in print-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mobile services support various situations in everyday life and with the spread of mobile internet and better equipped mobile devices mobile services are becoming increasingly important, especially in tourism. Mobile tagging, based on QR codes or similar approaches, offers a technique to increase the accessibility of mobile services. In this paper potential applications of QR Codes in tourism, and specifically within a cultural institution (the Mercedes-Benz Museum), are identified and prototypically implemented. In a second step, these application scenarios are evaluated within a test user study. Results show that both, usability and intention to use the services are potentially high and QR codes are able to provide additional comfort in accessing mobile content and services.

  • 250. Carlbring, Örjan
    et al.
    Fredman, PeterMid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Konferens och mötesplats för Natur- och kulturturism: Skydd av natur och kultur - död hand eller lönsam upplevelseindustri? Turistföretagande i natur- och kulturmiljöer - en framtidsbransch? 12-13 november 2003, Campus, Mitthögskolan, Östersund2004Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här publikationen är en dokumentation från en konferens i Östersund om natur- och kulturturism.

    Konferensens hade två huvudteman: Skydd av natur och kultur - död hand eller lönsam upplevelseindustri? Turistföretagande i natur- och kulturmiljöer - en framtidsbransch?

    Här är några av programpunkterna:- Nya naturvårdspolitiken - bevarande genom nyttjande   - Funky history - i Arns fotspår   - Turism - ett sätt att förmedla kulturarvet   - Militära skyddsområden - turistiska råvaror för skärgården?   - Världsarvet Birka - en balansgång mellan bevarande och exploatering   - Betala för rekreation i naturen - förutsättningar och lösningar   - Rovdjursturism - en tillgång!   - Kom och köp samisk kultur!   - Skogsturismen går att utveckla

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