miun.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
363738394041 1901 - 1950 of 2035
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1901.
    Wolvén, Lars-Erik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Gemeinschaft, Gesellschaft and Leadership in Non-Profit Organizations - A Comparative Study between Non-Profit Organizations and Organizations within the Public and Private Sector in the Northern Part of Sweden.2004In: EGPA 2004 Annual Conference, 2004, p. 1-24Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1902.
    Wu, Gang
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Brand Management in SMEs - The Case of Hasta AB2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores the issues around the process of brand management in SMEs. Most of conventional principles prescribed in the brand management literature are invalid to be applied to the SMEs’ marketing problems, but there are some relevant researches regarding some proposed branding policies for small businesses.

     

    The purpose of this thesis is to find an effective and practical brand strategy for SMEs, which means I expect to generate a framework for the SME branding process. After I developed a conceptual model, some proposed branding guidelines were examined through a case study. Qualitative interviewing was used to collect data within a Swedish SME –HastaAB.

     

    The empirical findings indicate that the SME branding policies are highly influenced by these factors: brand awareness, marketing strategies, brand recognition and resource etc. Based on the empirical findings, my conceptual model was adjusted by assessing the effect of proposed policies. In conclusion, I came up with a final model of brand management in SMEs which helps SMEs to build and develop their brands. The model involves some executable branding policies for SMEs.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
    Download full text (pdf)
    The Case of Hasta AB
  • 1903.
    Wörlund, Ingemar
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Does local party equal protest party? The development of the local party systems in Sweden.: opulism in Scandinavia: Left, Right, Local. A joint workshop of the Nordic History Group and the Political Studies Associations Scand. Politics Specialist Group, University College, London, 12 apr2002Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 1904.
    Wörlund, Ingemar
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Kommunstorlek och lokal demokrati: den omvända partipolitiseringen.: XII Nordiska statsvetarkonferensen2005Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 1905.
    Wörlund, Ingemar
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Local parties - new contenders in local politics?: Paper presented at the ECPR joint sessions; workshop: Comparative perspectives on local party politics. Helsinki 7-12 may 2007.2007Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 1906.
    Wörlund, Ingemar
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Local parties in Sweden2008In: Farewell to the party model?: Independent local lists in east and west european countries, Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1907.
    Wörlund, Ingemar
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Miljöpartier i Sverige och Norge2005In: Partiernas århundrade: Fempartimodellens uppgång och fall i Norge och Sverige, Stockholm: Santérus Academic Press Sweden, 2005Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1908.
    Wörlund, Ingemar
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Miljöpartier i Sverige och Norge.: Svensk-norsk partiutveckling 1905-2005.2003Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1909.
    Wörlund, Ingemar
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Populism kontra genus eller varför röstar inte kvinnor på Ny Demokrati?1995Report (Other academic)
  • 1910.
    Wörlund, Ingemar
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The changing local party system in Sweden.: Paper presented in Halle-Wittenberg, Martin-Luther Universität 13-14 april 2007. Workshop: Independent local lists in Europe.2007Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 1911.
    Wörlund, Ingemar
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Hansson, Daniel
    Partier och intresseorganisationer i Sverige2001In: Partier och intresseorganisationer i Sverige Jan Sundberg (ed), Köpenhamn: Nordisk ministerråd, 2001Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1912.
    Wörlund, Ingemar
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Svåsand, L
    The rise and fall of the swedish party New Democracy: Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, San Fransisco, CA, AUg 30 - Sept 2, 2001.2001Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 1913.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Acquisition of external capital at start-up stage:: Differences between female and male owned firms Evidence from female and male owned firms in Sweden.2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1914.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Agency costs theory and the financing life cycle, Empirical Evidence from Swedish firm-level data’2012In: International Journal of Business and Globalisation, ISSN 1753-3627, E-ISSN 1753-3635, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 226-238Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to empirically examine the financing life cycle pattern of micro-firms in Sweden from the agency costs theory perspective. The study shows that the financing structures of firms change over the firms' life cycles. Firms generally rely on internal financial sources such as equity capital and retained profits, particularly at the start-up stage. They also use short-term debt as the second most important financial source at this stage. As firms age and develop, the use of short-term debt decreases and the use of both equity capital and long-term debt simultaneously increase. The financing patterns of firms in different industries over their life cycles follow the general pattern of the total sample. The results from the statistical tests support the applicability of the financial life cycle model and the agency costs theory to explain it.

  • 1915.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Impact of capital structure on micro firm productivity: Empirical evidence from Swedish firm-level data2012In: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, ISSN 1476-1297, E-ISSN 1741-8054, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 223-237Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper examines the impact of key productivity determinants at the firm level using data on 24,257 Swedish micro firms, including approximately 194,000 observations for the 2007-2008 period. The regression model includes a firm-level measure of total factor productivity as the dependent variable and capital structure and other relevant control variables as independent variables. Analysis reveals that firm-level variables, such as lagged productivity, size, age, profitability, short-term debt ratio, and industry affiliation, significantly affect firm productivity. Agency cost theory seems applicable in partly explaining the relationship between capital structure and productivity. Copyright © 2012 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

  • 1916.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Industry Effects and SMEs' Capital Structure Determinants2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1917.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Information asymmetry and capital structure: An empirical study of micro firms in Sweden2012In: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, ISSN 1476-1297, E-ISSN 1741-8054, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 304-318Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study empirically examines the capital structure determinants of

    Swedish micro companies by testing hypotheses based on information

    asymmetry theory. The study sample contains 20,270 micro firms for which

    complete 2007 to 2008 financial information is available, giving a total of

    182,430 observations. The empirical results indicate that six explanatory

    variables, that is, lagged long-term debt, size, age, profitability, tangibility, and

    industry affiliation, are related to capital structure to various extents. The

    results suggest that information asymmetry theory is relevant in explaining the

    financial behaviour of micro firms in Sweden. These findings can help SMEs to

    improve their awareness of financial management and to use resources more

    effectively.

  • 1918.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Predicting bankruptcy among SMEs, Evidence from Swedish firm-level data2011In: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, ISSN 1476-1297, E-ISSN 1741-8054, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 551-564Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The failure rate of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Sweden is high, with about 6,000 SMEs claiming bankruptcy every year. This paper attempts to identify the main prediction variables that are believed to forecast the failure of Swedish SMEs. The research is principally based on an analysis of a panel data sample consisting of 1,412 bankrupt and 3,084 non-bankrupt Swedish SMEs for the period 2004 to 2006. The statistical technique of logistic regression model is employed to analyse the data. The results, which have a high rate of accuracy, indicate that a set of six variables are significant as bankruptcy predictors: the ratio of short-term debt to total assets, total leverage (the ratio of short- and long-term debt to total assets), change in total assets from the previous year, firm size (natural logarithm of sales), financial expenses to total debt, and return on assets.

  • 1919.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The Capital Structure Determinants of Swedish SMEs in Jamtland2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines empirically capital structuredeterminants of Swedish SMEs located in Jamtland through testing hypotheses formulated from pecking theory. The study focuses on a sample contains 1710SMEs for which complete financial information was available for 2003–2005 andrepresents a target population of 4116 firms located in the studied region.While most previous research has focused on publicly traded firms, the presentstudy uses a broad database and pays attention to unlisted SMEs in a rural areawhere small businesses occupies a prominent social position and reflect aspecial financial environment. In addition, more explanatory variables are usedthan in prior research. The empirical results indicate that the explanatoryfactors are associated to various extents with capital structure. However, theresults are somewhat mixed, suggesting that both pecking order and trade-offtheories are relevant, but giving stronger support to pecking order theory.SMEs can use these findings to improve their awareness of financial managementand of how to use resources more effectively. Moreover, potential SMEs willhave a better understanding of how to approach financial problems encountered inthe start-up stage. Finally, both the financial sector and policy makers areexpected to re-evaluate their policies regarding SME financing.

  • 1920.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The Growth determinants among Swedish SMEs2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1921.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The Growth Determinants among Swedish SMEs, Evidence from firm-level data2011In: International Journal of Business and Globalisation, ISSN 1753-3627, E-ISSN 1753-3635, Vol. 6, no 3/4, p. 313-328Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper identifies the firm-level internal determinants that explain the economic growth of Swedish SMEs. The analysis is based on a sample consisting of 989 growth SMEs and 6,119 non-growth SMEs with 95,475 observations, and applies logistic regression models for the period 2004-2006. The results, which have a high rate of accuracy, indicate that a set of four factors – age, size, leverage rate and profitability – had a significant impact on the growth probability of sample firms over a period of three years. The results can be summarised as follows. First, younger SMEs have a better chance of seeing growth. Second, financial constraints significantly decrease the probability of growth in terms of employees. Third, profitability plays a significant role in the growth process. Lastly, access to external financial resources has a positive effect on the growth of firms. The results of this paper are useful for firm stakeholders, including managers, shareholders, debt holders and potential investors, as well as academic researchers and policy makers

  • 1922.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The Impact of Financing Pattern on Firm Growth: Evidence fromSwedish Micro Firms2012In: International Business Research, ISSN 1913-9004, E-ISSN 1913-9012, Vol. 5, no 9, p. 16-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the impact of financial structures on the growth of micro firms in Sweden. The objective of

    this paper is to explore whether firms’ growth can be associated with patterns of financial acquisition and

    whether these patterns influence firms’ growth differently when the source is either internal or external. Based

    on agency cost theory, hypotheses were formulated and tested with panel data consisting of 12 101 micro firms,

    using 84 707 observations for the period 2006–2007. The data were analysed using the seemingly unrelated

    regression (SUR) model. The empirical results reveal that internal financial sources – retained profit –

    significantly influence firm growth. Similarly, short-term debt and growth are positively related. However, firm

    growth is generally more sensitive to retained profit than short-term debt. Interestingly, long-term debt generally

    has no effect on growth. The findings also indicate that size, age, and industry affiliation influence firm growth. Finally, agency cost theory is relevant in explaining the relationship between financing pattern and growth.

  • 1923.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The patterns of financial bootstrapping behavior, Empirical evidence from Swedish SMEs’2011In: International Journal of Business and Globalisation, ISSN 1753-3627, E-ISSN 1753-3635, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 255-264Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to explore the patterns of financial bootstrapping behaviour of SMEs in Ostersund/Sweden. The present research is based on a structured questionnaire survey and focuses on a sample of 146 SMEs. 'Financial bootstrapping' denotes a set of techniques such as reliance on internal funding sources, low-cost acquisition of financial resources, and avoidance of external financial resources. The empirical results show that the sample firms use a wide variety of bootstrapping techniques. In addition, although the internal resources and social oriented techniques emerged as the most- and second most highly used financial bootstrapping techniques respectively, other techniques such as minimising accounts receivable, minimising capital, and subsidy bootstrapping have been ranked as the most important bootstrapping techniques. The results from this study contribute to the understanding of informal financial behaviour of SMEs.

  • 1924.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The patterns of financial bootstrapping behaviour: An empirical explorative study of Swedish SMEs in Jämtland.2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to explore the patterns of financial

    bootstrapping behaviour of SMEs in Östersund/Sweden. The present research is

    based on a structured questionnaire survey and focuses on a sample of 146

    SMEs. ‘Financial bootstrapping’ denotes a set of techniques such as reliance on

    internal funding sources, low-cost acquisition of financial resources, and

    avoidance of external financial resources. The empirical results show that the

    sample firms use a wide variety of bootstrapping techniques. In addition,

    although the internal resources and social oriented techniques emerged as the

    most- and second most highly used financial bootstrapping techniques

    respectively, other techniques such as minimising accounts receivable,

    minimising capital, and subsidy bootstrapping have been ranked as the most

    important bootstrapping techniques. The results from this study contribute to

    the understanding of informal financial behaviour of SMEs.

  • 1925.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ethnicity and aquisition of external capital at start-up stage: differences between small native Swedish- and immigrant-owned firms2012In: International Journal of Business and Globalisation, ISSN 1753-3627, E-ISSN 1753-3635, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 442-460Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to explain empirically the differences in external financing between native- and immigrant-owned small businesses in terms of ethnicity and other relevant variables. A sample of 2,814 native- and immigrant-owned small businesses, based on a unique and comprehensive database gathered through interviews, was analysed employing several univariate and multivariate methods. The results suggest that ethnicity is an important explanatory variable differentiating between acquisitions of external capital at start-up stage. Owner characteristics such as age, experience of starting businesses and education also have an impact on finance-seeking behaviour and thereby on the acquisition of external capital. The findings indicate that characteristics of the firm, such as personal start-up capital, firm size, legal form and industrial sector, do partly influence access to external capital. Since knowledge about this issue is limited, the results of this study add to our understanding of variables affecting the behaviour of small business endeavours in seeking funding at start-up.

  • 1926.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    External capital acquisition at start-up stage among small business owners in Sweden: A comparison between Swedish native and immigrant-owned firms2012In: ABSTRACTS, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1927.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The external capital acquisition at start-up stage: Differences between small Swedish native and immigrant-owned firms2012In: ABSTRACTS, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1928.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Jahandar, S.
    Nottingham Business School, Nottingham Trent University, Chaucer 4711, Nottingham NG1 4BU, United Kingdom.
    Acquisition of external capital at start-up stage: Differences between Swedish female- and male-owned firms2012In: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, ISSN 1476-1297, E-ISSN 1741-8054, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 435-451Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research explores differences in external capital acquisition between female- and male-owned firms at start-up stage in Sweden. The study sample is taken from a unique and large database including 836 female- and 1928 male-owned firms in 2008, giving a total of 47,022 observations. ANOVA, multinomial logistic regression, and other robust statistical tests are employed to analyse the data. The results indicate that two variables, i.e., loans from family members and government grants, are significant in distinguishing between female- and male-owned firms in terms of external start-up capital. The findings also indicate that owners' previous experience and having an additional job outside one's own business influence the use of external capital at start-up stage. Knowledge of the difference between female- and maleowned firms' use external capital at start-up stage is limited and ambiguous. The present results contribute to research into small firm financing by adding insight into the relationships between capital acquisition, gender, and other variables. Copyright © 2012 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

  • 1929.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Jahandar, Sara
    School of Business and Economics,Loughborough University.
    The impact of internal finance on growth,: empirical evidence from Swedish firm-level data2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1930.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Lindvert, Märta
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The impact of capital structure on productivity among micro firms: Empirical Evidence from Swedish firm-level data2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1931.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Nilsson, Mattias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The bankruptcy determinants of Swedish SMEs.2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 1932.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Salman, A. Khalik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The Life Cycle of Growth Path among Micro Firms: Swedish Data2012In: International Business Research, ISSN 1913-9004, E-ISSN 1913-9012, Vol. 5, no 10, p. 107-114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study is to empirically examine whether the implications of the life cycle model hold on the growth path of a sample of Swedish micro firms. The study is based on a sample containing 22001 Swedish micro firms across six industries for the year 2007. Several methods are used to analyse the impact of the life stage and two control variables, size and industry, to analyse the impact on firm growth. The empirical results of the study confirm a clear pattern of the growth life-cycle process among Swedish micro firms. Young micro firms, generally, grow on average more than their older counterparts and as they age and develop, their growth rate decreases. Additionally, firm growth among firms of different sizes and in various industries still follows the general pattern of the total sample. Thus, it appears from the results that the growth rate of Swedish micro firms included in the sample follows a systematic and predictable pattern associated mainly with the life stage.

  • 1933.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Salman, Khalik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Assessing determinants on job creation at the firm level: Swedish micro firm data2012In: International journal of economics and finance, ISSN 1916-971X, Vol. 4, no 12Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses job-creation determinants at the firm level for a panel of Swedish micro firms across four industry sectors, using the GMM (Generalized Method of Moments) system to analyse a database consisting of 12532 Swedish micro firms during 2007. It was found that the firms’ size and age, the importance of debt financing and increased availability of liquidity are positively related to job creation as well as industry affiliation. Finally, the results suggest that a resource-based approach is at work in explaining job creation in micro firms. Unlike the majority of previous studies, this study is characterized by being based on a large and cross-sectoral firm-level dataset, testing a number of hypotheses driven from the resource-based approach. The present study contributes to the literature on the determinants of employment at the firm level as it investigates the importance of liquidity and financial leverage to firm labour demand dynamics in Sweden.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Fulltext
  • 1934.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Salman, Khalik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Arnesson, Leif
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Assessing determinants on job creation at the firm level Swedish Micro Firm Data2012In: International Journal of Economics and Finance, ISSN 1916-9728, E-ISSN 1916-971X, Vol. 4, no 12, p. 105-113Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to examine the profitability life cycle among Swedish micro firms. The study sample contains 22,710 micro firms across six industries for which complete financial information is available for the year 2007, giving a total of 68,130 observations. The results of the empirical study indicate that the firm profitability changes systematically over its life cycle stages. The profitability is high in the first life cycle stage, and as firms age and develop, it decreases. The change of firm profitability in different industries over their life cycles follows the general pattern of the total sample. Empirical tests provide support for two additional predictions of the life cycle model: specifically, that firm size influences profitability, and that the industry affiliation has a more pronounced effect on firms’ profitability than the variables size and life cycle stage. The results from the statistical tests support the applicability of the life cycle model to explain the profitability development pattern.

  • 1935.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Turner, Sara
    School of Business and Economics,Loughborough University.
    The structure of external financing at start-up stage: The differences between Swedish Female- and Male-Owned firms2012In: International Journal of Business and Globalisation, ISSN 1753-3627, E-ISSN 1753-3635, The International Journal of Business and Globalisation, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 157-170Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article identifies the differences in external capital acquisition pattern between female- and male-owned firms at start-up stage in Sweden. The study sample is based on a unique and compressive database including 836 female- and 1,928 male-owned firms in 2008. Various statistical tests, such as factor analysis, are employed to analyse the data collected. The results indicate that significant differences exist in external capital structure between female and male-owned firms with regards to the use of individual financial sources. The structure of financing sources was also found having a different pattern at start-up stage between male and female owners. While the female owners prefer to use the formal capital sources, their male counterparts prioritise informal capital sources. In addition, female business owners prefer government grants as the third financing alternative before the risk capital while male counterparts behaved the opposite.

  • 1936.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ödlund, Linda
    Industry Effects and micro firms’ Capital Structure Determinants: Empirical Evidence from Swedish data2010In: International Journal of Business and Globalisation, ISSN 1753-3627, E-ISSN 1753-3635, Vol. 5, no 4, p. 373-387Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1937.
    Yuan, M
    et al.
    Lakehead University, Thunder Bay ON, Canada.
    Fredman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The relationship between recreation experience preferences and revealed activity choice in the North Shore Lake Superior region2010In: Tourism in Marine Environments, ISSN 1544-273X, Vol. 6, no 2-3, p. 133-138Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Planning for tourism in rural regions necessitates much information about the visitor. The goal of most planning efforts is to understand visitor expectations and predict participation patterns. When demand is understood, the provision of appropriate supply can be more effective and efficient. This study examined the degree to which the experience preference-activity relationship holds for the three primary target market groups (Northwest Ontario, rest of Canada, US) to the Ontario North Shore Lake Superior region. For this study, 464 visitors who engaged in activities along Lake Superior or related activities in the communities and land adjacent to the water were used in the analysis. The results suggest that there is a weak relationship between experience preference and activity choice, but when results are examined by more defined market segments, some moderate relationships appear. This suggests that associated promotion and advertising in the region should focus its message and images based on these significant relationships. © 2010 Cognizant Comm. Corp.

  • 1938.
    Yuan, Mike
    et al.
    Lakehead university, Canada.
    Fredman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    A Call for a Broad Spatial Under-standing of Outdoor Recreation Use.2008In: Management for protection and sustainable development. Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas. Montecatini Terme, Italy, 14-19 October, 2008. / [ed] Raschi, A. & Trampetti, S., 2008, p. 169-173Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To better understand the scope of outdoor recreation in a pan Europe context, many agencies and organizations have attempted to collect data at various spatial levels and for a multitude of uses. The aim of this paper is to suggest a need for better and broader understanding of outdoor recreation use at various spatial levels. Case examples from Swedish data collection efforts are provided and suggestions are made to have a better understanding of horizontal harmonization and vertical data integration.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 1939.
    Zachrisson, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University.
    Sandell, Klas
    Karlstad University.
    Fredman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University.
    Tourism and protected areas: Motives, actors and processes2006In: The International Journal of Biodiversity Science and Management, ISSN 1745-1590, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 1-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Following the paradigm shift in nature conservation policy towards the inclusion of local inhabitants in planning and management of protected areas, tourism is emphasized as a way to achieve economic development in peripheral areas. Governance issues and the real impacts from tourism on development are thus often under scrutiny. In this article, the focus is on the role of tourism in the political process of protected area designation. How does the inclusion of the tourism argument affect designation processes? What kind of tourism is being promoted and how can it be conceptualized with regard to human views of the use of nature? An ecostrategic framework is presented to illustrate the essential land use choices available. Three cases of protected area designation processes are used to address the issue of tourism; the failure of the Kiruna National Park proposal and the successfully implemented snowmobile regulation area in Funäsdalen and Fulufjället National Park. The analysis shows that tourism indeed may increase local acceptance of protected areas, but how powerful this argument is depends on contextual and process factors as well.

  • 1940.
    Zakariasson, Maria
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Carlsson, Malin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Upplevd arbetstillfredsställelse2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 1941.
    Zakrisson, Ingrid
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Big Five Inventory (BFI): Utprövning för svenska förhållanden2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Big Five Inventory (BFI) är ett test bestående av 44 påståenden avsett att mäta de fem grundläggande personlighetsdimensionerna Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Neuroticism och Openness (John & Srivastava, 1999). Testet har utformats främst för forskningsändamål men någon systematisk utprövning för svenska förhållanden har inte gjorts. Enkäter distribuerades till fem olika undersökningsgrupper med varierande bakgrund (n=431, 45% män och 55% kvinnor), i ålder varierande från 18 till 80 år. Testet analyserades i relation till demografiska variabler, samt arbetslivsrelaterade faktorer såsom arbetsmotiv, intressen, yrkes- och utbildningsval, samt attityder och fördomar. Resultaten visade på en god reliabilitet (Cronbach’s alpha-koefficienter varierande mellan .73 och .84), en tydlig faktorstruktur samt låga till måttliga korrelationer mellan dimensionerna. De fem personlighetsdimensionernas samband med de arbetslivsrelaterade faktorerna var i allmänhet i förväntad riktning. Särskilt tydligt var detta för dimensionen Openness. Inte i något fall visade resultaten samband som gick i motsatt riktning mot vad som förväntades. Slutsatsen är att BFI är ett tillförlitligt test som fungerar väl att användas främst i forsknings- och utbildningssyfte.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 1942.
    Zakrisson, Ingrid
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Construction of a short version of the Right-Wing Authoritarianism (RWA) scale2005In: Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, E-ISSN 1873-3549, Vol. 39, no 5, p. 863-872Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study presents an attempt to develop a short (15 item) version of the Right-Wing Authoritarianism (RWA) scale (Altemeyer, 1998). Participants were three samples of high school and university students (1750 years old). The scale developed had items that were shorter, with less extreme wording, and less reference to specific groups (e.g., women, homosexuals), i.e., relating to attitudes to be predicted from RWA, rather than being part of the RWA concept itself. The scale displayed reliabilities (Cronbach's alpha) varying between 0.72 and 0.80 in the three samples. Multiple regression analyses revealed that the short RWA scale substantially contributed to the variance in ethnic tolerance, racism, and sexism (when controlling for social dominance orientation). It was discussed that this version of the RWA scale presumably taps a somewhat narrower authoritarianism concept, but still functions as predicted from theory and earlier research. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 1943.
    Zakrisson, Ingrid
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Engagement in voluntary associations and socio-political attitudes and behavior: A tentative test of the causal direction: Paper presented at ISSID conference, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, July 18-22.2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1944.
    Zakrisson, Ingrid
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Finns det skillnader i medborgarkultur i Sverige? 2001In: Kooperation, socialt kapital och medborgerliga insatser, Stockholm: Fören. Kooperativa studier , 2001, p. 143-171Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 1945.
    Zakrisson, Ingrid
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Gender differences in Social Dominance Orientation: Gender invariance may be situation invariance2008In: Sex Roles, ISSN 0360-0025, E-ISSN 1573-2762, Vol. 59, no 3-4, p. 254-263Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Most studies of gender differences in social dominance orientation (SDO) have investigated settings more or less hierarchy-enhancing. The aim of this study was to explore gender differences in SDO (1) within social structures varying in equality-enhancement, i.e., communities differing in political equality between men and women, and (2) settings where equality was maximized and held constant, i.e., democratic, voluntary associations, but varying in gender composition, using survey data from a random sample of 831 Swedish adults (median age = 47 years). There was a significant interaction effect between gender and membership in voluntary associations dominated by women, with men and women displaying equally low levels of SDO. In all other instances the main effect of gender remained statistically significant.

  • 1946.
    Zakrisson, Ingrid
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Kön och makt: Relationen mellan sociala strukturer, kön och identitet2007In: Genusmaraton 2007: Mittsveriges genusforskare på frammarsch, Östersund: Mittuniversitetet , 2007, p. 63-68Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1947.
    Zakrisson, Ingrid
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Sex differences in Social Dominance Orientation: Is male dominance inevitable?: ISPP 27th annual meeting, Lund, Sweden, 14-18 July, 20042004Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 1948.
    Zakrisson, Ingrid
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Anderzén, Marie
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Psychol, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Lenell, Fredrik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Sandelin, Håkan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ambivalent sexism: A tool for understanding and improving gender relations in organizations2012In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 53, no 1, p. 64-70Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study tested predictions regarding ambivalent sexism, previously studied cross-culturally, here ‘‘within-culturally’’, between groups from different organizational settings. Based on three samples (334 adults in general, 744 industrial employees, and 189 high school students), completing a Swedish version of the Ambivalent Sexism Inventory (ASI), the results revealed that men scored higher on hostile and benevolent sexism than women, and high school students scored higher than both adult samples on both forms of sexism. The results generally confirmed the predictions; the gender gap in benevolent sexism decreased as a function of increasing levels of general sexism and the correlation between hostile and benevolent sexism decreased with higher levels of general sexism. In fact, the groups scoring highest on general sexism displayed significant negative correlations indicating a polarized ideology of women among these groups. Implications, both theoretical and practical, derived from these results are discussed.

  • 1949.
    Zakrisson, Ingrid
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Löfstrand, Pär
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Tolerance, SDO, RWA, and perceived upbringing in Sweden: Paper presented at the ISPP 25th conference in Berlin, Germany, July 16-19, 2002.2002Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 1950.
    Zakrisson, Ingrid
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Löfstrand, Pär
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Vem får vara med och vem bestämmer?: Om exklusion och inklusion i idrottsföreningars beslutsfattande2010In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, no 2, p. 40-43Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Tanken är att idrott ska vara till för alla, av alla. Idrotten fyller också andra funktioner än enbart bollsparkande och skidåkande, särskilt utanför städerna. Vi kommer i denna artikel att presentera resultat från två olika studier. I den första behandlas frågan om hur styrelserna i några mindre idrottsföreningar hanterar dilemman mellan olika intressen. Är det så att alla får vara med eller finns intressen och grupper som exkluderas? Den andra studien handlar om hur dessa dilemman hanteras i beslutande organ om förutsättningarna systematiskt varieras, i fråga om hur målet för verksamheten definieras och ifråga om hur könssammansättning ser ut. Studierna har finansierats med medel från CIF och EU:s strukturfonder (Mål 1).

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
363738394041 1901 - 1950 of 2035
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf