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  • 1701.
    Wallmon, Margareta
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Let´s Change the Subject Entrepreneurship as a Collaborative Practice. Working-paper.: Conference RENT XVIII - Research in Entrepreneurship and Small Business, Doctoral Consortium, Copenhagen, Denmark2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1702.
    Wallmon, Monica
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Applied Statistics in Entrepreneurship Research : working-paper: International Doctoral Workshop in Multivariate Data Analysis, lectured by Professor Joe F. Hair Jr., (affiliated with Louisiana State University, US) and Professor Arthur Money (affiliated with Henle2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1703.
    Wallmon, Monica
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Development of Higher Education in a Regional Context - The Case of Mid Sweden University: International Doctoral Workshop Organizational Change in Higher Education Institutions, lectured by Professor V. Lynn Meek (affiliated with the University of New England, Australia) Oslo University,2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1704.
    Wallmon, Monica
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Do It Yourself: Self-employment among Swedish Academics. Working-paper.: International Doctoral Workshop Evolutionary Analysis of Organizations, lectured by Professor Howard E. Aldrich (affiliated with the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, US) University of Oslo2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1705.
    Wallmon, Monica
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Family Matters The Complexities of Relationships in the Small Family Firm: 2nd International Conference ENTIME Enterprises in Modern Economy: Opportunities and Threats, Gdansk, Poland2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1706.
    Wallmon, Monica
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Opportunity Evolves Inside the Organization: International Doctoral Workshop in Research Methodology and Techniques in Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Finance, Gate2Growth Academic Network Vlerick Leuven Ghent Management School, Ghent, Belgium2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1707.
    Wall-Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Vandringsturism i Laponia2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Bakgrund

    Natur- och kulturbaserad turism utgör en växande del inom den globala turismindustrin och den naturbaserade turismen äger ofta rum i skyddade områden, exempelvis i nationalparker och världsarv. Kunskap om besökarna är relevant för förvaltare av natur- och kulturområden samt för turismindustrin. För att förstå turismens effekter och påverkan på naturen, kulturen och samhället är det viktigt att ha fakta om besökarnas aktiviteter, rörelsemönster, motiv till besöket, upplevelser och attityder till natur- och kulturlandskapet samt till förvaltning.

    Syfte

    I den här rapporten presenteras resultat utifrån en undersökning bland besökarna i norra Lapplandsfjällen. Med norra Lapplandsfjällen avses fjällvärlden i kommunerna Kiruna, Gällivare och Jokkmokk. I undersökningsområdet återfinns ett flertal nationalparker och ett världsarv (Laponia). För att få en uppfattning om norra Lapplandsfjällens nuläge och utveckling samt för att kunna fatta beslut om framtida turistsatsningar, förvaltning och planering syftar denna rapport till att ge kunskap om besökarnas karaktäristika, upplevelser, resmotiv och attityder.

    Rapporten har ett särskilt fokus på världsarvet Laponia. En allmän uppfattning är att utnämningar och etablering av skyddade områden leder till en ökning av antalet turister. Det är därför av intresse att undersöka betydelsen av världsarvsutnämningen för besökarna.

    Datainsamlingen för rapporten har finansierats av Stiftelsen för kunskapsfrämjande inom turism och rapporten är en slutrapportering till stiftelsen. Resultaten i rapporten baseras på postenkäter till undersökningsområdets sommarbesökare under år 2003.

    Resultat

    § Knappt 30 procent av besökarna i norra Lapplandsfjällen utgörs av utländska besökare, där tyskar representerar 14 procent av alla besökare.

    § Besökarna spenderar under sitt besök i genomsnitt drygt 4000 kronor på mat, övernattning, souvenirer och resor inom området. Undersökningen visar att de tyska besökarna har större ekonomiska utgifter i området jämfört med de svenska besökarna.

    § Drygt hälften av alla som besökte Laponia, kände till att Laponia var ett världsarv innan själva besöket.

    § För sex procent av besökarna i Laponia påverkade förekomsten av världsarvet beslutet att besöka området. Ytterst få personer hade som sitt huvudsakliga motiv till besöket i norra Lapplandsfjällen att besöka världsarvet.

    § Majoriteten av besökarna har positiva attityder gentemot världsarvet och besökarna från Norrbottens län är mer positiva än besökarna från övriga Sverige och Tyskland.

    § Att utveckla turismen i Laponia ses som positivt av ungefär en tredjedel av besökarna. Enligt enkätens respondenter är de viktigaste åtgärderna för att förbättra den turistiska upplevelsen att minska den mänskliga påverkan på naturen, miljöanpassa boende och aktiviteter och öka kontakten med samer samt öka utbudet av lokala maträtter.

  • 1708.
    Wallstam, Martin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Kronenberg, Kai
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Pettersson, Robert
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Socio-Economic Impacts of Major Sports Events: An Analysis of the 2019 Alpine and Biathlon WorldChampionships in Sweden2019Report (Other academic)
  • 1709.
    Watz, Tanya
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Kamouflerad reklam: En fokusgruppstudie i attityder mot produktplacering i online video om Youtube2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1710.
    Waxin, Viktor
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Forslund, Oliver
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Succé eller fiasko?: - Hur påverkas bolagsavkastning av byte mellan Sveriges MTF-marknadsplatser2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are several previous studies that examine switches between marketplaces and how these changes impact companies share performance. The most foregoing research made on the subject share performance is based on the US stock market. Swedish studies made to the subject examine the share performance when companies move from one of the SwedishMultilateral Trading Facilities (MTF) to main market. The authors of this paper have noted that there is a gap of knowledge regarding share performance when companies move between the Multilateral Trading Facilities. By only examining the Swedish Multilateral Trading Facilities, AktieTorget, First North and Nordic MTF, and how moving between the lists affects the share performance, this study is an addition to the previous research in the field.This study examines 39 Swedish companies, which have changed list between 2007-2016. OMXSPI is the benchmark used in this study to compare the companies return with the market return. The purpose of this study is to examine if there is a value for both the companies and its shareholders to exchange marketplaces between the Swedish Multilateral Trading Facilities, AktieTorget, First North and Nordic MTF. This purpose is achieved byexamine the company’s stock price development before and after the change of market place and identify if the change creates a negative share performance. This study is conducted in the form of a quantitative event study where the marketplace change represents the event. The purpose is not to analyze the individual companies but to provide a comprehensive picture ofthe effect the marketplace changes have on the stock price development. The result of the study indicates that a negative accumulated abnormal return (CAR) occurs after the marketplace change. When calculating the parameters in the market model the study finds that the average accumulated abnormal return (CAAR) for all companies is a total of -47,88 % twelve months after the marketplace change.

  • 1711.
    Wedin Jonsson, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    CSR och Hållbarhet: Hur påverkar det konsumenters beteende?2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1712.
    Wedin Jonsson, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Strömlund Molund, Pamela
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Corporate Social Responsibility: -En studie av Fastighetsbranschens arbete med CSR och hållbarhet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1713. Weiermair, Klaus
    et al.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Productivity Differentials across tourist destinations: A theoretical - empirical analyis2007In: Productivity in Tourism: Fundamentals and Concepts for achieving Growth and Competitiveness / [ed] Keller, P. & Bieger, Th., Berlin: Erich Schmidt , 2007, p. 41-51Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    After a brief discussion of the major determinants of productivity enhancement factors in tourism a Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) based model is presented which allows partial insights into total factor productivity for tourist destinations. The proposed model will be empirically tested using cross sectional data stemming from 2004 pertaining to 64 Tyrolean winter sport destinations. Both, productivity improvement recommendations for non-efficient destinations as well as emerging productivity differentials across tourist destinations are thereupon discussed. The paper concludes by giving recommendations for future research.

  • 1714.
    Weimer-Löfvenberg, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Projektet Björntanden: Om beslutsprocesser, entreprenörskap och politik2008Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    The present licentiate thesis deals with decision processes, entrepreneurship, and politics in a local context. The study focuses on the local project Björntanden in Östersund, an entrepreneurial idea aiming at regional development. The purpose of the thesis is to understand the decision processes that enable or hinder the realization of entrepreneurial ideas in a local context.

    The background of the study is the notion that regional development often is considered a condition for economic growth. Concepts such as local and entrepreneurial processes are commonly used in this context. These processes are seldom run in isolation by single actors but normally in cooperation with others. It is not uncommon that actors such as politicians and other representatives of local government and state agencies play an important role in influencing the conditions for local entrepreneurship. As decision processes in the private and public sector are different, this creates coordination problems.

    Cooperation between many actors also tends to create coordination problems when actors with different organisational principles and organisational cultures meet in a joint arena. This is further accentuated when business people, civil servants, politicians and others are to cooperate in decision-making on entrepreneurial ideas that often are inherently unclear.

    I followed the project Björntanden for four years by observations, interviews and studies of published and unpublished documents. On the basis of the experiences of the actors involved I have interpreted the meaning of their actions, i.e., what they have said and what they have done, in order to form the concepts used in the study. Through an interactive process between received theory and the gradually evolving results of the empirical study I have attempted to reach an understanding of the decision processes by linking local conditions, i.e. points of departure for entrepreneurial ideas in a local context, with different types of decision processes. The analysis indicates aspects that may create possibilities and space as well as obstacles for successful decision-making when entrepreneurship and politics are to act in cooperation.

  • 1715.
    Weissbach, Linda
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Bridging the Perception Gaps in the Driving School Branch2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis concentrates on the investigation of Service Quality within the service industry, based on the specific case of the driving school branch. The economical profitability of delivering service quality is supported by a variety of studies, and also, there exist many conceptualizations that aim at examining the term of service quality. However, there are certain literature blanks concerning the concrete implementation and assessment of service quality. As a consequence, this thesis presents several service quality models, that lead to detect the core of quality, namely, meeting or exceeding the customers‟ expectations. This, in turn, will be followed by a detailed exposition of the term expectation, in order to address the issue of service quality at its core. Literature base is the Gap Model by Parasuraman, Zeithaml and Berry (1990) as well as the Gap Model Extension by Luk and Layton (2002). These models not only define service quality, however, provide an instrument (so-called SERVQUAL instrument) that allows to measure numerically the customers‟ service quality expectations as well as the service firm‟s perception of these expectations. In this way, it can be revealed whether the staff and management of driving schools really know their customers‟ expectations, which is the key to deliver service quality. With the help of interviews with two driving schools and a customer survey, it will be detected, that first, the customers‟ actual expectations differ from the firm‟s perception, and second, that the front-line staff‟s perception gap is smaller than the management‟s perception gap, which means that the service provider understands his customers‟ expectations more accurate than the upper management levels.

  • 1716.
    Wennersten, Camilla
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    CityPerf - Instrument som mäter servicekvalité på stadsfestivaler ur ett studentperspektiv.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     In 2013 lots of music festivals in Sweden was declared bankrupt and a gap in the research was found. In this study an instrument that measure service quality at city festivals is developed. This to be able to measure how high service quality the customer perceive.Purpose: From a visitors perspective identify which qualities that lower and increase the service quality at city festivals. Then to develop an instrument that measure service quality at city festivals.Design/methodology/approach: In this qualitative case study, four different focus groups with three people in each group where interviewed. The focus groups where based on students between the age of 20-27 that attended Sundsvalls Gatufest at least once. To develop this instrument three types of the two leading instruments SERVQUAL and SERVPERF will be used.Findings: This thesis led to the creation of CityPerf, an instrument that measure service quality at city festivals. The focus groups discussions showed that the attributes that was mentioned to increase and lower the service quality for the visitor was the social meeting place, the friendliness of the staff, artist selection and the ticket price of the festival. It also showedthat the focus group preferred a lower price and local bands and artist playing than how it was the last years at Gatufesten.Research limitations/ implications: The case in this thesis is the city festival in Sundsvall. This instrument, the cityperf, could be applied on other city festivals, but depending on how the structure of city festivals looks some changes to the instrument might have to be made. Because of that reason there are elements like price, season of the year and how the locationlooks like which may require changes. This instrument is from a student perspective so their opinion may not represent all target groups. That’s why it is hard to know if the different target group share a similar opinion about service quality. This also makes it difficult to generalize the instrument.Social implications: This instrument can be used to find out how high the service quality is perceived by the visitor at a city festival. Given that many festivals has gone bankrupted lately, then this instrument can be a way to increase the survival of city festivals. This does not only benefit the organizer but also the city where the festival takes place.

  • 1717.
    Wensong, Bai
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Johanson, Martin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Chinese firms' internationalisation: A review and future research topic2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1718.
    West, Linda
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Investering i förnybara energikällor – drivkrafter och barriärer: En kvalitativ studie kring elbolags drivkrafter- och barriärer för investering i förnybar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1719.
    Westerdahl, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Att lära av erfarenhet: om samhällskooperativet Byssbons äldreboende2004In: Företagande och gemenskap: små företags kultur, samverkan och konkurrens, Stockholm: Arbetslivsinstitutet , 2004, p. 25-42Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1720.
    Westerdahl, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The employee owner: Erik Maaloe; Academic press, Copenhagen, 1998, 477 pp2001In: Scandinavian Journal of Management, ISSN 0956-5221, E-ISSN 1873-3387, Vol. 17, p. 406-407Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 1721.
    Westerdahl, Stig
    et al.
    Malmö Högskola.
    Skoglund, Wilhelm
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Art and time : art hall in a rural area inspiredby creative ideas from the urban2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1722.
    Westlund, Hans
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Infrastruktur för strategisk regionalutveckling: en fallstudie av Jämtlands län inför 2000-talet1995Report (Other academic)
  • 1723.
    Westman, Per
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Widholm, Simon
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Goodwill, en tickande bomb?: Stora nedskrivningar av Goodwill under lågkonjunktur2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1724.
    Weyermann, Antje
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Germany’s Leadership Circles In The Technical Industry: Possibilities Of Making Leadership Training More Effective2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A good leadership inside a company is able to improve a company’s performance.

    This thesis tries to highlight the importance of an effective leader for a company and

    how a company is able to enhance their performance by upgrading leadership

    training. Therefore, this work concentrates on the technical industry in Germany to

    find a standardized leader image regarding biographical characteristics, which offers

    the requirements for modulating leadership development methods or rather leadership

    training to it.

    The existing literature gave information about the duties and responsibilities of a

    leading person and the major contributors to an effective leader. Beyond that,

    information has been gathered about the educational background of the leadership

    circles in Germany’s top companies to draw a conclusion about the composition of

    the leadership ranks in Germany’s technical companies. Besides, leadership

    development methods have been analyzed from which leadership training is

    emphasized as the most important for this study.

    In order to gather the missing information, a qualitative research has been conducted,

    giving the information about the standard leaders as a male, studied engineer, who did

    not experience leadership soft skills during his academic education. From this it

    follows, that it is possible to adapt leadership training in terms of knowledge transfer

    of leadership soft skills especially to fill the gaps of the technical audience.

     

  • 1725.
    Widerstedt, Barbro
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Månsson, Jonas
    Linnaeus University, Växjö.
    Rosdahl, Jonatan
    Linnaeus University, Växjö.
    A warm welcome?: Access to advisory services for men and women2018In: Economic Analysis and Policy, ISSN 0313-5926, Vol. 58, p. 100-110Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In politics, broadly stated ambitions such that a service should be available to all are fairly commonplace. However, evaluation access to service in a broader sense is often difficult and expensive. In this study we use a field experiment to investigate if the reception from the business development community differs contingent on the gender of the client. In the experiment, identical email requests were sent to actors in the enterprise promotion system. The result is that response frequency and time were independent of the gender of the sender. However, the male sender was more often given an explicit invitation to book a time slot. To delve further into the responses, we use sentiment analysis, a ‘big data’ method, to analyse the replies. The analysis reveal that replies to the female sender is more positive. Our conclusion is that even if there are some gender differences we would not consider it to be a systematic discrimination. However, the unconsciousness from public servants should be included in training to increase awareness of this issue. 

  • 1726.
    Wik, Anja
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Accounting methods as a strategy against illicit capital flight: a case study on South Africa2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1727.
    Wiklund, David
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Ågren, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Bankernas rapportering av socialt ansvar och dess inverkan på bankens medieexponering2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today's society is increasing demands on companies to act from a sustainability perspective. In line with this, more and more companies choose to be transparent through sustainability reporting, although sustainability reporting is not a legal requirement. Previous studies of banks' social reporting has largely been supported by the legitimacy theory. The studies have found that corporate reporting of social responsibility is affected by the variables such as; proximity to customers, media exposure, size of company and stakeholder values.Our study is based on previous research and aims to describe and analyze whether the banks' reporting of social responsibility regarding their working conditions and product contributes to greater media exposure. Furthermore, this study aims to describe and analyze how the underlying factors of the bank size, diversification and decentralized decision-making affect the sustainability reports subcategories: product responsibility and labor practices and decent work.The study includes sustainability reports from 110 banks in the GRI database. Data for five variables was collected and compared with the variable media exposure, defined as the number of hits for the banks in Googles search engine for news. The variables used in the study of banks are: reporting of labor practices and decent work, product responsibility reporting, size, decentralization and diversification. The results of the study demonstrate thata more detailed reporting of product responsibility contributes to the bank gaining more media attention. Furthermore, the result shows that extent of the product reporting is influenced by the bank´s size and diversification. The results of the study also show that the bank's reporting of employment does not contribute to increased media exposure. However, the results reveal that if the organization applies more decentralized decision-making, it is more likely that the bank reports on the social responsibility for working conditions to a greater extent.

  • 1728.
    Wiklund, Mathias
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Berg, Rickie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Svenska revisorers "Going concern"-bedömningar - ur ett signaleringsperspektiv2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The auditor has a clear responsibility to consider the company board's assumption about their going concern, and if there are no significant uncertainties surrounding the company's going concern which needs to be declared in the financial statements. The auditor shall act as a confidence-builder by ensuring the quality of the financial statements. The auditor reports through the audit report in which he can do different types of statements and send different signals to the users of financial information. If there are anyinformation that deviates from the standard audit report it is classified as an unclean and can itself be interpreted as a warning to the company as a going concern. Previous studies have shown that auditors have a low accuracy in their judgment about going concerns and a signaling model has been developed in which audit opinions is classified based on a sixpoint signal scale. In this study we wish to describe and analyze the Swedish auditor accuracy and signaling in their going concern-judgments and see if the influencing factors we have selected have any impact on this. Through the participation in a project at the CER at the Mid Sweden University in Sundsvall we had access to data of all bankruptcies in Sweden during the first six months of 2009. We collected data from March and April in 1576 bankruptcies. Of these, a total population of 883 firms was found relevant for our study. Our tests show that the accuracy is generally low among the auditor’s going concernjudgments. We can’t statistically ensure that the size of audit firm or audit fees have an impact on going concern-judgments. However, we find some indications that auditors from big firms and high audit fees send relatively stronger warnings signal. We find that auditors with high consulting fees are more likely to issue a going concern-warning. We argue that increasing the competence in the field through education and/or a more evident regulatory framework could increase the accuracy in going concern-judgments.

  • 1729.
    Wikner, Jenny
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Etisk konsumtion: Unga, svenska konsumenters attityder till etiskt certifierade produkter2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1730.
    Wiksten, Patrik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Närhet till kunder i rurala företags nätverk: - Innovation genom commitment utan fysisk närhet mellan nätverksaktörer2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis seeks to present a conceptual model of entrepreneurship in rural areas which are often discussed to suffer from increased globalisation. The thesis is undertaken to extend the understanding of how businesses confront and are being affected by the global economy.Networking is viewed as a major tool to attract enough resources to keep being competitive. The study assumes that distance does not only mean physical seclusion, but when distance between networks actors are discussed, psychological distance ought to be highlighted as well. Here is psychological closeness measured in commitment through shared values and trust. Focus on the measurement of physical distance and psychological closeness isundertaken here by a quantitative study on the relationship between rural companies and its most important customer.How the relationship with the customer begins is not further investigated, the study is only shaped to look to the view companies have on the existing relationship and how it affects the competitiveness through innovation.The variables commitment, trust and shared values connection to innovation is studied through an analysis of gathered data from companies located in rural areas.Further study is undertaken if a negative connection exists between physical distance and innovation

  • 1731.
    Wiström, Sara
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Nilsson, Camilla
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Samarbetsrelationer2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1732.
    Witthoff, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Ögren, Alexander
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Den kommunala hållbarhetsredovisningens vad, hur och varför: En kvalitativ studie av fyra kommuner i Jämtlands län2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1733.
    Wolf-Watz, Daniel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Miljöengagemang och friluftsliv2009In: Friluftsliv i förändring: Sammanfattning av presentationer vid konferensen Friluftsforskning 2009 den 18-19:e november vid Mittuniversitetet, campus Östersund / [ed] Anders Mossing & Peter Fredman, Östersund: Mittuniversitetet. ETOUR , 2009, p. 36-36Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1734.
    Wu, Gang
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Brand Management in SMEs - The Case of Hasta AB2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores the issues around the process of brand management in SMEs. Most of conventional principles prescribed in the brand management literature are invalid to be applied to the SMEs’ marketing problems, but there are some relevant researches regarding some proposed branding policies for small businesses.

     

    The purpose of this thesis is to find an effective and practical brand strategy for SMEs, which means I expect to generate a framework for the SME branding process. After I developed a conceptual model, some proposed branding guidelines were examined through a case study. Qualitative interviewing was used to collect data within a Swedish SME –HastaAB.

     

    The empirical findings indicate that the SME branding policies are highly influenced by these factors: brand awareness, marketing strategies, brand recognition and resource etc. Based on the empirical findings, my conceptual model was adjusted by assessing the effect of proposed policies. In conclusion, I came up with a final model of brand management in SMEs which helps SMEs to build and develop their brands. The model involves some executable branding policies for SMEs.

  • 1735.
    Xuan, Lihua
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Factors affecting the adoption of mobile instant message: An empirical study of user acceptance of Wechat in China2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays, instant message has become a key tool for students to stay connected with existing friends and family, as well as to create new friendships. WeChat as a third party software that exists in the current market, is an instant messaging application that enables users to send voice, video, pictures and text to their contacts through mobile network. Being a new application, the user adoption of WeChat has not been studied. Therefore, the result of this study will be valuable to fill the knowledge gap about user adoption study of this mobile application, and future development of other similar instant messaging mobile application could also benefit from this study. This study focuses on WeChat users and answers to the following research question: What are the factors that affect the users’ adoption of WeChat?

    The purpose of this study is to explain factors that affect the users’ adoption of WeChat among WeChat users.

    This study adopts a theory testing approach. The research model will propose through UTAUT model and semi-structured interview. A survey was conducted subsequently to collect quantitative data. Hypotheses were tested through analyzing the quantitative data by using SPSS.

  • 1736.
    Yachin, Jonathan Moshe
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism. Dalarna University.
    The entrepreneur–opportunity nexus: discovering the forces that promote product innovations in rural micro-tourism firms2019In: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, E-ISSN 1502-2269, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 47-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate what sets in motion the process that results in product innovations in rural micro-tourism firms. The point of departure is to place entrepreneurship as a process that precedes innovations. This approach enables the application of the opportunity-based perspective, on the study of 40 new tourism products. Data were collected through in-depth interviews with owner-managers of micro-tourism firms in rural Sweden. The focus of the analysis is on the formation of the entrepreneur–opportunity nexus. The findings suggest that in forming the nexus, three types of forces are at play: internal, supply chain dynamics and reaction to changes. The notion of triggering forces adds a new dimension to the study of entrepreneurial opportunities. The theoretical contribution of this paper to tourism research is twofold. First, it points at the generating moment as a step towards theorising innovations, and second, the findings contribute to the growing knowledge base about entrepreneurial behaviour in micro-tourism firms in rural areas. Finally, in a practical manner, the findings of this study should encourage tourism entrepreneurs to invest in exploring the value chain, regard tourists as sources of knowledge and be attentive to changes in circumstances.

  • 1737.
    Yachin, Jonathan Moshe
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism. Dalarna University.
    Ioannides, Dimitri
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    “Making do” in rural tourism: the resourcing behaviour of tourism micro-firms2020In: Journal of Sustainable Tourism, ISSN 0966-9582, E-ISSN 1747-7646, Vol. 28, no 7, p. 1003-1021Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose entrepreneurial bricolage as a framework that enables the description, explanation and exploration of the modus operandi of tour- ism micro-firms. Particularly, the notion of spatial bricolage constitutes fertile ground for further research and theoretical advances of sustain- able tourism entrepreneurship. The potential for rural tourism develop- ment is conditioned by entrepreneurs’ capability to utilise local physical and non-material resources sustainably. Thus, knowledge about the resourcing behaviour of micro-firms is paramount to understanding their role in promoting sustainable tourism. This study explores how rural micro-firms interact with their spatial environment to design tour- ism value propositions. Our analysis is based on interviews with eight- een owners-managers of tourism micro-firms in rural Sweden. We portray spatial bricolage as a resourcing behaviour that builds on the re-interpretation of existing resources, the unique features of the destin- ation and community involvement. The findings suggest that resource transfer facilitates sustainable development since it enables long-term planning and validates the entrepreneurs’ operation. Moreover, their small-scale enables rural tourism firms to utilise local resources in non- exploitative ways that minimise disturbance for other stakeholders.

  • 1738.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Acquisition of external capital at start-up stage:: Differences between female and male owned firms Evidence from female and male owned firms in Sweden.2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1739.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    GARCH model and predictive performance of volatility forecasting: Evidence from oil market2015In: World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, ISSN 1746-0573, E-ISSN 1746-0581, Vol. 11, no 4, p. 345-357Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the predictive performance of the GARCH (1, 1) model in forecasting the return volatility of the three major items on the oil market, WTI crude, Brent crude and heating oil, for horizons of one, five, twenty and thirty days ahead. The empirical results indicate that the predictive performance of the GARCH model is best for short horizons, from one day ahead for WTI, one to five days ahead for Brent and one to twenty days ahead for heating oil, at the 5% significant level. For horizons from twenty days ahead, no robust forecasting model can be observed for any of these items. Thus, although the results show that the GARCH (1, 1) model has high predictive performance in forecasting the volatility for the short-term horizons, it cannot produce reliable results when the forecast horizon increases. The findings also show how volatility clustering on returns emerges on the oil market, which creates periods of high volatility followed by small movements.

  • 1740.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Impact of capital structure on micro firm productivity: Empirical evidence from Swedish firm-level data2012In: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, ISSN 1476-1297, E-ISSN 1741-8054, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 223-237Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper examines the impact of key productivity determinants at the firm level using data on 24,257 Swedish micro firms, including approximately 194,000 observations for the 2007-2008 period. The regression model includes a firm-level measure of total factor productivity as the dependent variable and capital structure and other relevant control variables as independent variables. Analysis reveals that firm-level variables, such as lagged productivity, size, age, profitability, short-term debt ratio, and industry affiliation, significantly affect firm productivity. Agency cost theory seems applicable in partly explaining the relationship between capital structure and productivity. Copyright © 2012 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

  • 1741.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Industry Effects and SMEs' Capital Structure Determinants2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1742.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Information asymmetry and capital structure: An empirical study of micro firms in Sweden2012In: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, ISSN 1476-1297, E-ISSN 1741-8054, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 304-318Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study empirically examines the capital structure determinants of

    Swedish micro companies by testing hypotheses based on information

    asymmetry theory. The study sample contains 20,270 micro firms for which

    complete 2007 to 2008 financial information is available, giving a total of

    182,430 observations. The empirical results indicate that six explanatory

    variables, that is, lagged long-term debt, size, age, profitability, tangibility, and

    industry affiliation, are related to capital structure to various extents. The

    results suggest that information asymmetry theory is relevant in explaining the

    financial behaviour of micro firms in Sweden. These findings can help SMEs to

    improve their awareness of financial management and to use resources more

    effectively.

  • 1743.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Profitability determinants among micro firms: evidence from Swedish data2013In: international journal of managerial finance, ISSN 1743-9132, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 151-160Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the variables affecting firm profitability applying the seemingly unrelated regression method to a large sample of approximately 87,000 observations covering 12,530 non-financial micro firms operating in four industry sectors from 2006 to 2007. The study considers profitability determinants at the firm as well as industry affiliation levels in examining hypotheses developed from resource-based approaches. The findings indicate that while firm size, lagged profitability, growth, and productivity positively influence profitability, firm age and industry affiliation negatively influence it. The empirical results suggest that productivity is the most significant determinant of profitability. These results are fairly robust across the various industry sectors covered in the study and are largely consistent with the hypotheses developed from the resource-based approach.

  • 1744.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The Capital Structure Determinants of Swedish SMEs in Jamtland2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines empirically capital structuredeterminants of Swedish SMEs located in Jamtland through testing hypotheses formulated from pecking theory. The study focuses on a sample contains 1710SMEs for which complete financial information was available for 2003–2005 andrepresents a target population of 4116 firms located in the studied region.While most previous research has focused on publicly traded firms, the presentstudy uses a broad database and pays attention to unlisted SMEs in a rural areawhere small businesses occupies a prominent social position and reflect aspecial financial environment. In addition, more explanatory variables are usedthan in prior research. The empirical results indicate that the explanatoryfactors are associated to various extents with capital structure. However, theresults are somewhat mixed, suggesting that both pecking order and trade-offtheories are relevant, but giving stronger support to pecking order theory.SMEs can use these findings to improve their awareness of financial managementand of how to use resources more effectively. Moreover, potential SMEs willhave a better understanding of how to approach financial problems encountered inthe start-up stage. Finally, both the financial sector and policy makers areexpected to re-evaluate their policies regarding SME financing.

  • 1745.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The Growth determinants among Swedish SMEs2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1746.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The Impact of Financing Pattern on Firm Growth: Evidence fromSwedish Micro Firms2012In: International Business Research, ISSN 1913-9004, E-ISSN 1913-9012, Vol. 5, no 9, p. 16-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the impact of financial structures on the growth of micro firms in Sweden. The objective of

    this paper is to explore whether firms’ growth can be associated with patterns of financial acquisition and

    whether these patterns influence firms’ growth differently when the source is either internal or external. Based

    on agency cost theory, hypotheses were formulated and tested with panel data consisting of 12 101 micro firms,

    using 84 707 observations for the period 2006–2007. The data were analysed using the seemingly unrelated

    regression (SUR) model. The empirical results reveal that internal financial sources – retained profit –

    significantly influence firm growth. Similarly, short-term debt and growth are positively related. However, firm

    growth is generally more sensitive to retained profit than short-term debt. Interestingly, long-term debt generally

    has no effect on growth. The findings also indicate that size, age, and industry affiliation influence firm growth. Finally, agency cost theory is relevant in explaining the relationship between financing pattern and growth.

  • 1747.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The patterns of financial bootstrapping behaviour: An empirical explorative study of Swedish SMEs in Jämtland.2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to explore the patterns of financial

    bootstrapping behaviour of SMEs in Östersund/Sweden. The present research is

    based on a structured questionnaire survey and focuses on a sample of 146

    SMEs. ‘Financial bootstrapping’ denotes a set of techniques such as reliance on

    internal funding sources, low-cost acquisition of financial resources, and

    avoidance of external financial resources. The empirical results show that the

    sample firms use a wide variety of bootstrapping techniques. In addition,

    although the internal resources and social oriented techniques emerged as the

    most- and second most highly used financial bootstrapping techniques

    respectively, other techniques such as minimising accounts receivable,

    minimising capital, and subsidy bootstrapping have been ranked as the most

    important bootstrapping techniques. The results from this study contribute to

    the understanding of informal financial behaviour of SMEs.

  • 1748.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ethnicity and aquisition of external capital at start-up stage: differences between small native Swedish- and immigrant-owned firms2012In: International Journal of Business and Globalisation, ISSN 1753-3627, E-ISSN 1753-3635, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 442-460Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to explain empirically the differences in external financing between native- and immigrant-owned small businesses in terms of ethnicity and other relevant variables. A sample of 2,814 native- and immigrant-owned small businesses, based on a unique and comprehensive database gathered through interviews, was analysed employing several univariate and multivariate methods. The results suggest that ethnicity is an important explanatory variable differentiating between acquisitions of external capital at start-up stage. Owner characteristics such as age, experience of starting businesses and education also have an impact on finance-seeking behaviour and thereby on the acquisition of external capital. The findings indicate that characteristics of the firm, such as personal start-up capital, firm size, legal form and industrial sector, do partly influence access to external capital. Since knowledge about this issue is limited, the results of this study add to our understanding of variables affecting the behaviour of small business endeavours in seeking funding at start-up.

  • 1749.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Ethnicity and the pattern of capital acquisition at start-up stage:: differences between small Swedish native and immigrant-owned firms2013In: International Journal of Business and Globalisation, ISSN 1753-3627, E-ISSN 1753-3635, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 357-371Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to explain empirically the differences in external financing between native– and immigrant–owned small businesses in terms of ethnicity and other relevant variables. A sample of 2,814 native– and immigrant–owned small businesses, based on a unique and comprehensive database gathered through interviews, was analysed employing several univariate and multivariate methods. The results suggest that ethnicity is an important explanatory variable differentiating between acquisitions of external capital at start–up stage. Owner characteristics such as age, experience of starting businesses and education also have an impact on finance–seeking behaviour and thereby on the acquisition of external capital. The findings indicate that characteristics of the firm, such as personal start–up capital, firm size, legal form and industrial sector, do partly influence access to external capital. Since knowledge about this issue is limited, the results of this study add to our understanding of variables affecting the behaviour of small business endeavours in seeking funding at start–up.

  • 1750.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Gender and the use of external business advice: A Swedish study2015In: International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1756-6266, E-ISSN 1756-6274, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 105-124Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The aim of this study is to examine whether there are significant differences betweenfemale and male entrepreneurs’ use of consultation during business start-ups.Design/methodology/approach – Using several statistical tools, including ANOVA and seeminglyunrelated regressions, empirical analyses are conducted on a unique and firm-level panel database of837 female- and 1926 male-owned active small firms.Findings – The results indicate that gender may be an important variable in the use of advice amongsmall business owners in Sweden. Female owners in this study are shown to be more eager than maleowners to use external business advice, and do so to a higher extent.Practical implications – One implication of this study is that firms may not be able to use allbusiness advice types simultaneously during their start-up stage, so an ordered list of consultancyservices would help them prioritize and adjust their needs accordingly. Because the use of businessadvice is context-based, the findings of this study may not be generalized to firms in othercountries. This paper shows some gender-based attributes/features relating to the use of businessadvice, which need to be better integrated into policymaking for the future assistance of smallbusinesses.Originality/value – This article focuses on an important issue and is unique partly because fewstudies have examined the relationship between gender and external business advice. By explicitly andempirically examining this issue, this article makes a contribution to the small- and medium-sizedenterprises’ literature.

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