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  • 151.
    Frykenstrand, Charlotte
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Lindqvist, Therese
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Betydelsen av sjuksköterskeledd mottagning vid uppföljning av blodfetter efter akut kranskärlssjukdom.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 152.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Behandlingsplanering vid dubbel trubbel.: Inviterad föreläsning vid konferensen Dubbla diagnoser dubbla möjligheter. Svenska nätverket dubbeldiagnoser Drogmissbruk med samtidig psykisk ohälsa I samarbete med Mobilisering mot Narkotika (MOB) och Kommunförbundet i Jämtlands län. Åre 29-31 aug 2005.2005Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 153.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Missbrukarvårdens mål - framgångsfaktorer och hinder.2005Inngår i: Personer med tungt missbruk: stimulans till bättre vård och behandling : betänkande, Stockholm: Fritzes, 2005, s. 91-117Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 154.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Tolvstegsbehandlingens framväxt i Sverige och internationellt - reflektioner om dåtid och framtid.: Inviterad keynote speaker vid konferensen Förändring och utmaning. ( Föreningen för Minnesotamodellen i Sverige (FFMS) i samarbete med Praktikertjänst. Stockholm, 10-11 november 2005.2005Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 155.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Vård av personer med samtidigt missbruk och annan psykisk störning - samordning eller integration av insatser?: Inviterad föreläsning vid konferensen Framgångsrik missbruks- och beroendevård, Institutet för Kompetensutveckling, 26-27 april, 20072007Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 156.
    Gibson, Karin
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Unga kvinnors egna upplevelser av hur sociala medier påverkar det psykiska måendet: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 157.
    Gillander Gådin, Katja
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Barns och ungdomars hälsa2004Inngår i: Kropp och genus i medicinen, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2004, s. 363-370Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Innehåll: Flickors och pojkars ohälsomönster, Självrapporterad ohälsa, Skolan som arena för hälsa och ohälsa, Sexualiserat våld, Levnadsvanor och risktagande

  • 158.
    Gillander Gådin, Katja
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Förbättrad skolrelaterad hälsa bland elever ett hälsofrämjande genusinriktat projekt.: Rapport från elevenkäter i årskurs 1-6 i en interventionsskola och en jämförelseskola i Sundsvalls kommun 2003. Baslinjestudie. Rapport nr12004Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 159.
    Gillander Gådin, Katja
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Obstacles for equity in health in a school health promotion project among young students2007Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a need for more knowledge about school as an agent for equity in health. The present study is a part of an action research project performed in a Swedish school (grade one to six) in a socially disadvantaged area. The point of departure was that young students have competences to define problems and priorities of changes in their school environment as well as being active participants in the changing process. All students participated in groups in a process of defining suggestions of health promoting changes in their school environment. The aim with the present study was to analyse obstacles for equity in health in a school health promotion project where the students have been active participants. Method: Single-sex focus group interviews (half with girls and half with boys) were conducted with students in two sets: eight interviews were performed directly after the group work at school was completed and another six interviews about a half year after the changing process had started. The students in the focus group interviews were recruited from all classes and ages at the school. The interviews were analyzed with a grounded theory approach. Results: The preliminary results showed that power relations within the group of boys, between the groups of boys and girls, and within the group of girls were obstacles for equity in health. Categories such as harassment, injustice, responsibility taking, homosociality and gender based violence have been developed.Conclusions: Young students can be active participants in the work for a healthy environment at school but the staff at school must consider the unequal power relations between the students and to work with the social climate in general to a higher degree to be successful in reducing inequity among young students.

  • 160.
    Gillander Gådin, Katja
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Sexual harassment of girls in elementary school - a concealed phenomenon within a heterosexual romantic discourse2012Inngår i: Journal of Interpersonal Violence, ISSN 0886-2605, E-ISSN 1552-6518, Vol. 27, nr 9, s. 1762-1779Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to enhance the understanding of young girls' experiences of peer sexual harassment in elementary school and of normalizing processes of school-related sexualized violence. Six focus group interviews with girls in Grade 1 through 6 were carried out in an elementary school in the northern part of Sweden. A content analyses showed that young girls experienced verbal, nonverbal, and sexual assault behaviors at school. Sexual harassment as a concealed phenomenon and manifest within a romantic discourse were themes found in the analysis. A conclusion is that schools have to acknowledge behaviors related to sexual harassment as a potential problem even in young ages and develop methods to approach the subject also for this age group.

  • 161.
    Gillander Gådin, Katja
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Skolelevers arbetsmiljö och hälsa. Rapport från elevenkäten 2011.2011Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Förord

    Den här rapporten är en delrapport inom projektet Ungas Hälsosamma Utveckling. Det

    är ett treårigt projekt som finansieras av Folkhälsoinstitutet 2009-2011. Regeringen

    uppmärksammade att barns och ungdomars psykiska hälsa har försämrats under de

    senaste decennierna och gav Statens folkhälsoinstitut i uppdrag att fördela 50 miljoner

    kronor till sex kommuner för att utveckla det lokala sektorsövergripande hälsofrämjande

    arbetet för barn och ungdomar

    1. Östersunds kommun är en av dessa kommuner

    som har fått projektmedel för att öka kunskaperna om hur vi ska kunna främja barns

    och ungdomars psykiska hälsa.

    Rapporten bygger på data från den enkätstudie som delades ut till alla elever i årskurs

    6-9 i Östersunds kommunala skolor och en friskola i januari 2011.

    Vi presenterar data för alla skolor sammantaget, men de som vill veta mer om hur det

    ser ut på den enskilda skolan kan kontakta Björn Wickström på barn- och utbildningsförvaltningen,

    Östersunds kommun, för mer information.

    Enkätstudien är longitudinell, dvs. vi delar ut enkäten till samma elever under tre år.

    Det betyder att vi kan göra analyser och dra slutsatser om samband på ett annat sätt

    än som är möjligt i tvärsnittsstudier.

    En av de viktigaste saker för att kunna göra vetenskapliga studier av enkäter är att

    svarsfrekvensen är tillräckligt hög. Tack vare skolornas engagemang, både bland

    personalen och bland eleverna, har vi tillräckligt många svarande för att kunna göra

    statistiska analyser. Men trots en relativt hög svarsfrekvens totalt var det några

    enskilda skolor där den inte var tillräckligt hög för att göra enskilda återkopplingar.

    Vi återkommer med ytterligare en enkät i januari 2012 och hoppas då på ett gott

    samarbete och en tillräckligt hög svarsfrekvens på samtliga skolor.

    I arbetsgruppen har också folkhälsosamordnare Sofie Bergman och verksamhetscontroller

    Göran Qvarnström från kommunledningsförvaltningen ingått. Vi som

    har genomfört studien tackar så mycket för visat intresse och hoppas att ni ska

    kunna få nytta av resultaten i ert fortsatta arbete.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 162.
    Gillander Gådin, Katja
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Så här mår vi i klass 6-9 i Östersund!: Rapport från enkäten Skolelevers arbetsmiljö och hälsa VT 20102010Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här är en rapport med några av resultaten från en enkät om

    skolelevers arbetsmiljö och hälsa. Enkäten delades ut till elever i

    tio skolor i klass 6-9 i Östersunds kommun i slutet av HT 2009

    och i början av VT 2010. Frågorna handlar t ex om hur eleverna

    mår, inflytande i skolan, krav, stöd från lärare, kamratrelationer,

    trakasserier och levnadsvanor. Alla frågorna som ställdes redovisas

    inte i den här rapporten, men alla skolor i kommunen erbjuds

    möjligheten att ta del av resultaten från flera frågor. De har också

    möjlighet att få resultaten från den egna skolan.

    Rapporten vänder sig i första hand till alla elever som deltog i studien,

    men även till föräldrar, skolpersonal och andra intresserade.

    Vi som har gjort studien arbetar i ett projekt som heter Ungas

    Hälsosamma Utveckling. Det är ett treårigt projekt (2009-2011)

    som finansieras av regeringen och som syftar till att öka kunskapen

    om barns och ungdomars psykisk hälsa och välbefinnande.

    Vi hoppas att rapporten ska kunna bli en del i skolans arbete

    för en hälsofrämjande arbetsmiljö.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 163.
    Gillander gådin, Katja
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Så här tyckte vi i årskurs 1-6!: En rapport om skolmiljö och hälsa för eleverna som deltog i en frågeformulärsstudie höstterminen 2003.2004Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 164.
    Gillander Gådin, Katja
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Viktigt uppmärksamma genusbaserat ungdomsvåld2009Inngår i: Genus, ISSN 1403-8943, nr 1, s. 33-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 165.
    Gillander Gådin, Katja
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Ahlgren, C
    Hammarström, A
    Weiner, G
    Näslund, Lisa
    Elever som aktörer i ett hälsofrämjande arbete i skolan: Rapport från en interventionsstudie med syfte att utveckla en modell för hälsofrämjande arbete ur ett genusperspektiv2006Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 166.
    Gillander Gådin, Katja
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Hammarström, Anne
    A possible contributor to the higher degree of girls reporting psychological symptoms compared with boys in grade nine?2005Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 15, nr 4, s. 380-385Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: It is a recurrent finding that adolescent girls report psychological symptoms in a higher degree compared with boys. The explanations for this difference vary, but the psychosocial school environment has never been a focus in these explanations. The aim of this study was to analyse whether psychosocial factors at school were associated with a high degree of psychological symptoms among boys and girls in grade nine, with a special focus on sexual harassment. Methods: The study was based on a cross-sectional study including 336 pupils (175 girls and 161 boys) in grade nine (about 15 years old), who answered an extensive questionnaire. The non-response rate was negligible (<1%). Logistic regression analysis was used to analyse whether school-related factors (teacher support, classmate support, sexual harassment), body image, and parental support were associated with a high degree of psychological symptoms. Results: Sexual harassment at school was associated with a high degree of psychological symptoms among girls. Conclusions: Sexual harassment must be acknowledged as a negative psychosocial school environmental factor of importance for the high degree of psychological ill-health symptoms among girls compared with boys.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 167.
    Gillander Gådin, Katja
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Hammarström, Anne
    Do changes in the psychosocial school environment influence pupils' health development? Results from a three-year follow-up study2003Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 31, nr 3, s. 169-177Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: This study analysed the effects of psychosocial factors at school on pupils' health and self-worth from a longitudinal perspective. Methods: A three-year prospective study was started in 1994, including 533 pupils (261 girls, 272 boys) from 25 different classes in grades 3 and 6. With age-adjusted questionnaires the changes in self-perceived health were compared with changes in psychosocial school environmental factors. Results: The girls in the older cohort reported a negative health development with decreased self-worth and increased somatic and psychological symptoms. Significant gender differences in ill health, but not in self-worth, developed, especially in the older cohort. A multiple regression analysis showed that a negative development of psychosocial factors at school, measured as control, demand, and classmate problems, was associated with poorer health and self-worth among the pupils. A trichotomization of the psychosocial variables at school indicated a possible causal relationship between psychosocial factors and ill health and self-worth. Conclusions: The negative development in pupils' health and self-worth could partly be explained by the more unfavourable psychosocial environment that prevails at school at the senior level. The public health implications of our study can be summarized as the need for schools to improve pupils' social situation at school in relation to their work situation as well as to pay special attention to the school situation of girls at senior level.

  • 168.
    Gillander Gådin, Katja
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Warne, Maria
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Is gender equality an explicit issue in Swedish high schools? Results from a photovoice study with girls in a vocational program2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a contradictory picture of Swedish girls; they are talked about as academically successful and winner at the labor market, but at the same time stressed out, have low self-esteem and high as well as increasing mental health problems. The discourse as well as the gender equality politics are (Everyone sort of know) that Sweden is a gender equal society where women and men can both work and have children, take part in society and where there is (supposed to be) freedom from men’s violence against women. This is true for some girls and women, but to fully understand the challenges and possibilities to work for a gender equal society we have to add an intersectional perspective, including several different power orders. This study will focus on high school girls in a vocational program (proxy for working class) who are invited to participate because of their lack of academic success, low self-esteem and lack of belief in the future. They are participants in a photovoice study aiming at wellbeing, academic success, safety and a positive view of the future. Their suggestions for change will guide an analysis of the high school’s role in creating a gender equality supportive environment in line with the Swedish gender equality discourse.

  • 169.
    Gillander Gådin, Katja
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Weiner, Gaby
    Centre for Educational Sociology, University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom.
    Ahlgren, Christina
    Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Umeå University, Sweden.
    School health promotion to increase empowerment, gender equality and pupil participation: A focus group study of a Swedish elementary school initiative.2013Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, ISSN 0031-3831, E-ISSN 1470-1170, Vol. 57, nr 1, s. 54-70Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A school health promotion project was carried out in an elementary school in Sweden where active participation, gender equality, and empowerment were leading principles. The objective of the study was to understand challenges and to identify social processes of importance for such a project. Focus group interviews were conducted with 6 single-sex groups (7–12 year olds) in grade 1–2, grade 3–4, and grade 5–6 on 2 occasions. The analysis used a grounded theory approach. The analysis identified the core category “normalization processes of violence and harassment.” It is argued that school health promotion initiatives need to be aware of normalization processes of violence and, which may be counter-productive to the increase of empowerment and participation among all pupils.

  • 170.
    Gillander Gådin, Katja
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Weiner, Gaby
    Ahlgren, Christina
    Young students as participants in school health promotion: an intervention study in a Swedish elementary school2009Inngår i: International Journal of Circumpolar Health, ISSN 1239-9736, E-ISSN 2242-3982, Vol. 68, nr 5, s. 498-507Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives. The aim was to analyse if young students could be substantive participants in a healthpromoting school project. The specific aims were to analyse the changes the students proposed in their school environment, how these changes were prioritized by a school health committee and to discuss the students' proposals and the changes from a health and gender perspective. Study design. An intervention project was carried out in an elementary school with students (about 150) in Grades 1 through 6. The intervention included small-group discussions about health promoting factors, following a health education model referred to as "It's your decision." At the last of 6 discussions, the students made suggestions for health-promoting changes in their school environment. A health committee was established with students and staff for the purpose of initiating changes based on the proposals. Methods. A content analysis was used to analyse the proposals and the protocols developed by the health committee. Results. The analysis showed 6 categories of the students' proposals: social climate, influence on schoolwork, structure and orderliness, security, physical environment and food for well-being. Their priorities corresponded to the students' categories, but had an additional category regarding health education. Conclusions. Principles that guide promoting good health in schools can be put into action among students as young as those in Grades 1 through 6. Future challenges include how to convey experiences and knowledge to other schools and how to evaluate if inequalities in health because of gender, class and ethnicity can be reduced through the focus on empowerment and participation.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 171.
    Gillander-Gådin, Katja
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Hinder och möjligheter för jämlik maktmobilisering bland elever i årskurs 1-6.2007Inngår i: Genusmaraton 2007: Mittsveriges genusforskare på frammarsch, Östersund: Mittuniversitetet , 2007, , s. 138s. 25-32Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 172.
    Gintvainiene, Alma
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Den psykosociala arbetsmiljön på en medicinklinik och hälsofrämjande insatser för förbättreing av denna: En kvalitativ intervjustudie med sjuksköterskor2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 173. Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 Collaborators,
    et al.
    Rodriguez, Alina
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för psykologi.
    Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 301 acute and chronic diseases and injuries in 188 countries, 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013.2015Inngår i: The Lancet, ISSN 0140-6736, E-ISSN 1474-547X, Vol. 386, nr 9995, s. 743-800Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Up-to-date evidence about levels and trends in disease and injury incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability (YLDs) is an essential input into global, regional, and national health policies. In the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 (GBD 2013), we estimated these quantities for acute and chronic diseases and injuries for 188 countries between 1990 and 2013.

    METHODS: Estimates were calculated for disease and injury incidence, prevalence, and YLDs using GBD 2010 methods with some important refinements. Results for incidence of acute disorders and prevalence of chronic disorders are new additions to the analysis. Key improvements include expansion to the cause and sequelae list, updated systematic reviews, use of detailed injury codes, improvements to the Bayesian meta-regression method (DisMod-MR), and use of severity splits for various causes. An index of data representativeness, showing data availability, was calculated for each cause and impairment during three periods globally and at the country level for 2013. In total, 35 620 distinct sources of data were used and documented to calculated estimates for 301 diseases and injuries and 2337 sequelae. The comorbidity simulation provides estimates for the number of sequelae, concurrently, by individuals by country, year, age, and sex. Disability weights were updated with the addition of new population-based survey data from four countries.

    FINDINGS: Disease and injury were highly prevalent; only a small fraction of individuals had no sequelae. Comorbidity rose substantially with age and in absolute terms from 1990 to 2013. Incidence of acute sequelae were predominantly infectious diseases and short-term injuries, with over 2 billion cases of upper respiratory infections and diarrhoeal disease episodes in 2013, with the notable exception of tooth pain due to permanent caries with more than 200 million incident cases in 2013. Conversely, leading chronic sequelae were largely attributable to non-communicable diseases, with prevalence estimates for asymptomatic permanent caries and tension-type headache of 2·4 billion and 1·6 billion, respectively. The distribution of the number of sequelae in populations varied widely across regions, with an expected relation between age and disease prevalence. YLDs for both sexes increased from 537·6 million in 1990 to 764·8 million in 2013 due to population growth and ageing, whereas the age-standardised rate decreased little from 114·87 per 1000 people to 110·31 per 1000 people between 1990 and 2013. Leading causes of YLDs included low back pain and major depressive disorder among the top ten causes of YLDs in every country. YLD rates per person, by major cause groups, indicated the main drivers of increases were due to musculoskeletal, mental, and substance use disorders, neurological disorders, and chronic respiratory diseases; however HIV/AIDS was a notable driver of increasing YLDs in sub-Saharan Africa. Also, the proportion of disability-adjusted life years due to YLDs increased globally from 21·1% in 1990 to 31·2% in 2013.

    INTERPRETATION: Ageing of the world's population is leading to a substantial increase in the numbers of individuals with sequelae of diseases and injuries. Rates of YLDs are declining much more slowly than mortality rates. The non-fatal dimensions of disease and injury will require more and more attention from health systems. The transition to non-fatal outcomes as the dominant source of burden of disease is occurring rapidly outside of sub-Saharan Africa. Our results can guide future health initiatives through examination of epidemiological trends and a better understanding of variation across countries.

    FUNDING: Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

  • 174.
    Goine, Hans
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Sickness absence: Aspects of measurement, impact of the labour market and effects of intervention2006Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 175.
    Goine, Hans
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Knutsson, Anders
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Marklund, Staffan
    Karlsson, Berndt
    Sickness absence and early retirement at two workplaces: effects of organisational intervention in Sweden2004Inngår i: Social Science and Medicine, ISSN 0277-9536, E-ISSN 1873-5347, Vol. 58, nr 1, s. 99-108Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study sought to compare sickness absence and early retirement at two workplaces in Sweden before and after they had received financial support from the Working Life Fund and implemented vocational rehabilitation activities. Two paper and pulp manufacturing plants were compared and a cohort study was set up. The cohort included everyone born in 1934 or later who was employed in December 1988 (918 employees at Plant A and 1543 at Plant B). For 10 years (1989-98), sick leave and disability pensions were monitored. The periods before and after the intervention (1989-93 and 1994-98, respectively) were compared. Cumulative incidence was calculated for short-, long-term and very long-term sick leave, company pension and early retirement. There was no difference between the plants in terms of the three different outcomes when sick leave was measured before and after the intervention. Sick leave in Period 1 was strongly correlated with an elevated risk of sick leave in Period 2. The cumulative incidence of short-term sick leave decreased from 0.92 (95% CI, 0.91-0.93) in Period 1 to 0.79 (95% CI, 0.77-0.80) in Period 2. For employees in the upper age groups, relative risk for long-term and very long-term sick leave was elevated in both periods. The incidence of early retirement and company pension differed between the companies. We conclude that the size of financial investments in rehabilitation programmes has no significant impact on sickness absence or disability pension, based on a comparison between two paper and pulp manufacturing plants in Sweden during the early 1990s. Sickness absence and early retirement at two workplaces--effects of organisational intervention in Sweden.Goine H, Knutsson A, Marklund S, Karlsson B.Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational Medicine, University of Umea, Sweden. hans@goine.pp.seThis study sought to compare sickness absence and early retirement at two workplaces in Sweden before and after they had received financial support from the Working Life Fund and implemented vocational rehabilitation activities. Two paper and pulp manufacturing plants were compared and a cohort study was set up. The cohort included everyone born in 1934 or later who was employed in December 1988 (918 employees at Plant A and 1543 at Plant B). For 10 years (1989-98), sick leave and disability pensions were monitored. The periods before and after the intervention (1989-93 and 1994-98, respectively) were compared. Cumulative incidence was calculated for short-, long-term and very long-term sick leave, company pension and early retirement. There was no difference between the plants in terms of the three different outcomes when sick leave was measured before and after the intervention. Sick leave in Period 1 was strongly correlated with an elevated risk of sick leave in Period 2. The cumulative incidence of short-term sick leave decreased from 0.92 (95% CI, 0.91-0.93) in Period 1 to 0.79 (95% CI, 0.77-0.80) in Period 2. For employees in the upper age groups, relative risk for long-term and very long-term sick leave was elevated in both periods. The incidence of early retirement and company pension differed between the companies. We conclude that the size of financial investments in rehabilitation programmes has no significant impact on sickness absence or disability pension, based on a comparison between two paper and pulp manufacturing plants in Sweden during the early 1990s

  • 176.
    Grav, Siv
    et al.
    Department of Health Science, Nord-Trøndelag University College.
    Hellzèn, Ove
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Romild, Ulla
    Swedish Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Ostersund, Sweden.
    Stordal, Eystein
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Fac Med, Dept Neurosci, N-7034 Trondheim, Norway.
    Association between social support and depression in the general population: the HUNT study, a cross-sectional survey.2012Inngår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 21, nr 1-2, s. 111-120Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim.  The aim was to investigate the associations between perceived social support and depression in a general population in relation to gender and age. Background.  Social support is seen as one of the social determinants for overall health in the general population. Studies have found higher probability of experiencing depression among people who have a lack of social support; evidence from the general population has been more limited. Subjective perception that support would be available if needed may reduce and prevent depression and unnecessary suffering. Design.  A cross-sectional survey with self-reported health was used. Method.  A total of 40,659 men and women aged 20-89 years living in Nord-Trøndelag County of Norway with valid ratings of depression subscale of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale in the The Nord-Trøndelag Health Study 3 were used. Logistic regression was used to quantify associations between two types of perceived support (emotional and tangible) and depression. Gender, age and interaction effects were controlled for in the final model. Results.  The main finding was that self-rated perceived support was significantly associated with Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale-defined depression, even after controlling for age and gender; emotional support (OR = 3·14) and tangible support (OR = 2·93). The effects of emotional and tangible support differ between genders. Interaction effects were found for age groups and both emotional and tangible support. Conclusion.  Self-rated perceived functional social support is associated with Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale-defined depression. In the group of older people who have a lack of social support, women seem to need more emotional support and men tangible support. Relevance to clinical practice.  Health care providers should consider the close association between social support and depression in their continuing care, particularly in the older people.

  • 177.
    Grossi et al, G
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Soares, Joaquim
    Karolinska institutet.
    Lundberg, Ulf
    Gender differences in coping with musculoskeletal pain2000Inngår i: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, ISSN 1070-5503, E-ISSN 1532-7558, Vol. 7, nr 4, s. 305-321Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Gender differences in coping with musculoskeletal pain were cross-sectionally investigated, using questionnaires (Coping Strategies Questionnaire), in 446 Swedish patients (mean age 46 years, 72% women) seeking care for their ailments. Compared to male patients, women reported more disability, a larger consumption of analgesics, more work strain, higher levels of posttraumatic stress reactions, a lower self-esteem, and higher scores for the Coping Strategies Questionnaire indexes: diverting attention, praying/hoping, catastrophizing, increased behavioural activity, and pain behaviours. All gender differencesin coping were ruled out in multivariate analyses, except for the association between the interaction term Gender x Posttraumatic Stress Reactions and Catastrophizing. Among women, catastrophizing was positively associated with posttraumatic stress reactions, perceived disability, and the number of previous treatments for pain.Nosuch associations were found among men. Women’s poorer capacity to cope with musculoskeletal pain is related to higher level of emotional distress, greater disability, and a history of treatments for pain.

  • 178.
    Grossi et al, G
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Soares, Joaquim
    Karolinska institutet.
    Ängeslevä, Jocelyne
    Perski, Aleksander
    Psychosocial correlates of long-term sick-leave among patients with musculoskeletal pain1999Inngår i: Pain, ISSN 0304-3959, E-ISSN 1872-6623, Vol. 80, nr 3, s. 607-620Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 179.
    Guldbrandsson, K
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nordvik, MK
    Swedish Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Ostersund, Sweden.
    Bremberg, S
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Opinion leaders in child health promotion identified by network analysis, Sweden 20082010Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 20, nr Supp 1, s. 246-246Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 180.
    Guldbrandsson, K.
    et al.
    Swedish National Institute of Public Health, Östersund, Sweden.
    Nordvik, Monica K.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Bremberg, S.
    Swedish National Institute of Public Health, Östersund, Sweden.
    Identification of potential opinion leaders in child health promotion in Sweden using network analysis2012Inngår i: BMC Research Notes, ISSN 1756-0500, E-ISSN 1756-0500, Vol. 5, s. Art. no. 424-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Opinion leaders are often local individuals with high credibility who can influence other people. Robust effects using opinion leaders in diffusing innovations have been shown in several randomized controlled trials, for example regarding sexually transmitted infections (STI), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention, mammography rates and caesarean birth delivery rates. In a Cochrane review 2010 it was concluded that the use of opinion leaders can successfully promote evidence-based practice. Thus, using opinion leaders within the public health sector might be one means to speed up the dissemination of health promoting and disease preventing innovations. Social network analysis has been used to trace and map networks, with focus on relationships and positions, in widely spread arenas and topics. The purpose of this study was to use social network analysis in order to identify potential opinion leaders at the arena of child health promotion in Sweden. Results: By using snowball technique a short e-mail question was spread in up to five links, starting from seven initially invited persons. This inquiry resulted in a network consisting of 153 individuals. The most often mentioned actors were researchers, public health officials and paediatricians, or a combination of these professions. Four single individuals were mentioned by five to seven other persons in the network. These individuals obviously possess qualities that make other professionals within the public health sector listen to and trust them. Conclusions: Social network analysis seemed to be a useful method to identify influential persons with high credibility, i.e. potential opinion leaders, at the arena of child health promotion in Sweden. If genuine opinion leaders could be identified directed measures can be carried out in order to spread new and relevant knowledge. This may facilitate for public health actors at the local, regional and national level to more rapidly progress innovations into everyday practice. However, effectiveness studies of opinion leaders in the public health sector still have to be performed. © 2012 Guldbrandsson et al.

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  • 181.
    Gustafsson, Erika
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Livsstilscoacher: - en utvärderingsstudie av delprojektet Livsstilscoacher2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 182.
    Gustafsson Norling, Ann
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Depressiva symtom hos ungdomar.: Finns association med fysisk inaktivitet2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 183.
    Gådin, Katja G.
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Hammarstrom, Anne
    School-related health - A cross-sectional study among young boys and girls2000Inngår i: International Journal of Health Services, ISSN 0020-7314, E-ISSN 1541-4469, Vol. 30, nr 4, s. 797-820Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The authors analyze the association between psychosocial factors in the school environment and pupils' health and self-worth in a sample of 538 pupils (264 girls and 274 boys) in the third and the sixth grades. High control in combination with low demand at school was associated with the best health status in relation to somatic problems, stress, tiredness, and feelings of self-worth. In a multiple regression analysis, problems in relations with classmates were the most recurrent psychosocial factor associated with ill-health. Some gender differences were found in school-related health. Lack of control at school affected self-worth among girls only. In the third grade and among boys in the sixth grade, high demands were an explanatory factor for the health outcome. Foreign background, divorced parents, high achievement, and low relational orientation, as well as disorderly and rowdy classes, were also of importance for somatic ill-health and stress among girls. Older girls became more relationally oriented, while boys became more achievement-oriented. The authors conclude that the pupils' somatic health and self-worth were affected by psychosocial factors at school, even when adjustment was made for social background.

  • 184.
    Gådin, Katja
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Hammarström, Anne
    Umeå University.
    'We won't let them keep us quiet...': Gendered strategies in the negotiation of power-implications for pupils' health and school health promotion2000Inngår i: Health Promotion International, ISSN 0957-4824, E-ISSN 1460-2245, Vol. 15, nr 4, s. 303-311Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this qualitative study was to analyse gendered strategies among pupils in the negotiation of power at school, and to discuss possible implications for health. Twenty-seven single-sex focus group interviews were conducted with pupils from equal opportunity projects The interviews were analysed using grounded theory. The girls used 'alliance building' and 'resistance: in order to increase their power, while 'responsibility taking' and 'withdrawal' could mean maintained subordination. The boys used mastering techniques (various types of abuse, claiming to be the norm, acting-out behaviour, blaming the girls, choosing boys only) in self-interest to maintain their dominance. The girls' active and democratic actions far increased power could be of significant importance for their health. The boys' health would benefit if they gave up striving for power over others School health promotion needs to address the asymmetric and gendered distribution of power between pupils, as well as to challenge the existing gender regime at an institutional level.

  • 185.
    Hagqvist, Emma
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Pérez, Glória
    Barcelona Agency of Public Health.
    Trujillo Alemán, Sara
    Barcelona Agency of Public Health.
    Gillander Gådin, Katja
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Parental leave policies and time use for mothers and fathers: A case study of Spain and Sweden2017Inngår i: Society, health and vulnerability, E-ISSN 2002-1518, Vol. 8, nr 1, s. 2-12, artikkel-id 1374103Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    States play an important role in gender equality through policy structuring. In this case study, the aim is to explore whether changes in parental leave policies over two decades trickle down to changes in gendered time use in two polarised countries: Sweden and Spain, represented by the Basque Country. Sweden represents dual-earner countries with high relative gender equality, whereas Spain represents a south European policy model supporting a breadwinning/homemaker ideal. The results show that changes in the gendered time use among mothers and fathers in both countries are associated with changes in parental leave policies. Changes in policies directed towards increasing gender equality reduce the gender gap in time use among mothers and fathers and seem to increase gender equality within a country. From these results, the conclusion is that parental leave policies that are structured to promote or enable gender equality could reduce the gender time gap in work among mothers and fathers.

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  • 186. Hall, Per
    Är man sjukare i Gudmundrå/Ytterlännäs eller?? En delrapport från projektet"Utredning av vissa skillnader i sjuktal i Västernorrlands län1989Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 187.
    Hallgren, Helene
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Arvidsson, Amelie
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Dom gör inte alltid som man säger. - compliance eller empowerment: -diabetessjuksköterskans roll vid rådgivning av fysisk aktivitet till typ 2-diabetiker2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Typ 2-diabetes är ett stort hälsoproblem över världen och den sjukdom som just nu ökar kraftigast. Fysisk aktivitet är viktig för det allmänna välbefinnandet samt i behandlingen av och för att förhindra uppkomsten av typ 2-diabetes med god motivation och kunskap och stöd finns det få hinder för att utöva fysisk aktivitet på rätt personlig nivå. Diabetessjuksköterskan har en viktig roll i diabetesvården för patienten. Syfte: Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur diabetessjuksköterskan inom primärvården ser på sin roll vid rådgivning av fysisk aktivitet till typ 2-diabetiker. Metod: En kvalitativ studie genomfördes med intervjuer av nio diabetessjuksköterskor i mellersta Sverige. Innehållsanalysen resulterade i tre kategorier och åtta subkategorier.

    Resultat: Diabetessjuksköterskan såg på sin roll som uppskattad och betydelsefull när det gäller rådgivningen av fysisk aktivitet till patienter med typ 2-diabetes. Det framkom att diabetessköterskorna kände sig delaktiga och att de identifierade individens behov av fysik aktivitet även om råden inte alltid följdes av patienten.

    Ett fåtal av diabetessjuksköterskorna ansåg att patienten hade det största ansvaret för sin sjukdom och egenvård. Slutsats: Den här studien stärker tidigare studier att diabetessjuksköterskan behövs i information och rådgivning av fysisk aktivitet till typ 2-diabetiker då detta har god effekt på patientens välbefinnande. Diabetessjuksköterskan kände sig uppskattad och betydelsefull men tog på sig ett stort ansvar för patienternas egenvård genom att använda ett compliance perspektiv istället för att använda empowerment perspektiv.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 188.
    Hambraeus, K.
    et al.
    Falun Cent Hosp, Dept Cardiol, Falun, Sweden .
    Burell, G.
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Publ Hlth & Caring Sci, Uppsala, Sweden .
    Johansson, P.
    Heart & Lung Patients Assoc, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Karlsson, R.
    Karlstad Hosp, Karlstad, Sweden .
    Lisspers, Jan
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Perk, J.
    Linnaeus Univ, Sch Hlth & Caring Sci, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Cardiac rehabilitation: demands from elderly patients after percutaneous coronary intervention2012Inngår i: European Heart Journal, ISSN 0195-668X, E-ISSN 1522-9645, Vol. 33, nr Supp 1, s. 450-450Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 189. Hammar,
    et al.
    Andersson,
    Alfredsson, Lars
    Reuterwall,
    Nilsson,
    Hallquist,
    Knutsson, Anders
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Ahlbom, A
    Association of boiled and filtered coffee with incidence of first nonfatal myocardial infarction: the SHEEP and the VHEEP study2003Inngår i: Journal of Internal Medicine, ISSN 0954-6820, Vol. 253, nr 6, s. 653-659Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 190. Hammar, Niklas
    et al.
    Andersson, T
    Reuterwall, C
    Nilsson, T
    Knutsson, Anders
    Hallqvist, J
    Ahlbom, A
    Geographical differences in the incidence of acute myocardial infarction in Sweden: Analyses of possible causes using two parallel case control studies2001Inngår i: Journal of Internal Medicine, ISSN 0954-6820, Vol. 249, nr 2, s. 137-144Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 191.
    Hansen, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Krokstad, Steinar
    Hunt forskningscenter NTNU.
    Kulturaktivitet, selvopplevd helse, tilfredshet med livet, selvfölelse og mental helse - UNG Hunt studien2016Inngår i: BestPractice Psykiatri, nevrologi & geriatri, nr 25Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 192.
    Hansen, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Department of Neuroscience, The Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Landstad, Bodil J
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Hellzén, Ove
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Svebak, Sven
    Department of Neuroscience, The Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Motivation for lifestyle changes to improve health in people with impaired glucose tolerance2011Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 25, nr 3, s. 484-490Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Motivation for lifestyle changes to improve health in people with impaired glucose tolerance Aim:  To identify factors that could have motivational significance for lifestyle change to facilitate the reduction of Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT) and, consequently, the risk of having type 2 diabetes. Methods:  Eighteen people living in a municipality in central Norway participated in the study. A large-scale public health screening study had defined them as people with IGT. The participants took part in a semi-structured interview that focused on four aspects of everyday lifestyle: (1) structure and rhythm, (2) physical health, (3) physical activity and (4) social relations. Results:  The interviews showed that the participants in the study changed their priorities regarding daily living. Results indicated four domains of motivational factors that appeared as significant for lifestyle changes. The participants attributed great significance to their physical health and were strongly motivated to prevent disease development by improvement of everyday structure and rhythm, reduction of sickness risk, activity level and social relation. Research indicates, however, that lasting lifestyle changes take time and that health care support must be adapted to the individual in light of their social setting. Conclusion:  Persons with IGT appear to benefit from lifestyle changes along four dimensions of motivational significance: Structure and rhythm, Sickness concerns, Activity levels, Social relations. This means that attention needs to be more carefully tailored the individual along these four dimensions than has been the case in traditional health care.

  • 193.
    Hansen, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap. Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Fac Med, Dept Publ Hlth & Gen Practice, HUNT Res Ctr, N-7600 Levanger, Norway.
    Sund, Erik
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Fac Med, Dept Publ Hlth & Gen Practice, HUNT Res Ctr, N-7600 Levanger, Norway.
    Knudtsen, Margunn Skjei
    Nord Trondelag Cty Council, Dept Hlth Promot, N-7735 Steinkjer, Norway.
    Krokstad, Steinar
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Fac Med, Dept Publ Hlth & Gen Practice, HUNT Res Ctr, N-7600 Levanger, Norway.
    Holmen, Turid Lingaas
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Fac Med, Dept Publ Hlth & Gen Practice, HUNT Res Ctr, N-7600 Levanger, Norway.
    Cultural activity participation and associations with self-perceived health, life-satisfaction and mental health: the Young HUNT Study, Norway2015Inngår i: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 15, artikkel-id 544Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Leisure time activities and culture participation may have health effects and be important in pulic health promotion. More knowledge on how cultural activity participation may influence self-perceived health, life-satisfaction, self-esteem and mental health is needed. Methods: This article use data from the general population-based Norwegian HUNT Study, using the cross-sectional Young-HUNT3 (2006-08) Survey including 8200 adolescents. Data on cultural activity participation, self-perceived health, life-satisfaction, self-esteem, anxiety and depression were collected by self-reported questionnaires. Results: Both attending meetings or training in an organisation or club, and attending sports events were positively associated with each of the health parameters good self-percieved health, good life-satisfaction, good self-esteem, and low anxiety and depression symptoms. We found differences according to gender and age (13-15 years versus 16-19 years old) for several culture activities, where girls aged 16-19 years seemed to benefit most from being culturally active. The extent of participation seemed to matter. Those who had frequent participation in cultural activities reported better health outcomes compared to inactive adolecents. Conclusions: The results from this study indicate that participation in cultural activities may be positively associated with health, life-satisfaction and self-esteem in adolescents and thus important in public health promotion. Possible sex and age differences should be taken into account.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 194.
    Haraldsson, Therese
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Barn som anhöriga inom somatisk vård Impelemtering av tre stödmetoder2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 195.
    Hardell, Lennart
    et al.
    Örebro Universitet.
    Koppel, Tarmo
    Tallinn University of Technology, Estonia.
    Carlberg, Michael
    Örebro Universitet.
    Ahonen, Mikko
    Institute of Environmental Health and Safety,Tallinn, Estonia.
    Hedendahl, Lena
    Independent Environment and Health Research Luleå.
    Radiofrequency radiation at Stockholm Central Railway Station in Sweden and some medical aspects on public exposure to RF fields2016Inngår i: International Journal of Oncology, ISSN 1019-6439, Vol. 49, nr 4, s. 1315-1324Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Stockholm Central Railway Station in Sweden was investigated for public radiofrequency (RF) radiation exposure. The exposimeter EME Spy 200 was used to collect the RF exposure data across the railway station. The exposimeter covers 20 different radiofrequency bands from 88 to 5,850 MHz. In total 1,669 data points were recorded. The median value for total exposure was 921 µW/m2 (or 0.092 µW/cm2; 1 µW/m2=0.0001 µW/cm2) with some outliers over 95,544 µW/m2 (6 V/m, upper detection limit). The mean total RF radiation level varied between 2,817 to 4,891 µW/m2 for each walking round. High mean measurements were obtained for GSM + UMTS 900 downlink varying between 1,165 and 2,075 µW/m2. High levels were also obtained for UMTS 2100 downlink; 442 to 1,632 µW/m2. Also LTE 800 downlink, GSM 1800 downlink, and LTE 2600 downlink were in the higher range of measurements. Hot spots were identified, for example close to a wall mounted base station yielding over 95,544 µW/m2 and thus exceeding the exposimeter's detection limit. Almost all of the total measured levels were above the precautionary target level of 3-6 µW/m2 as proposed by the BioInitiative Working Group in 2012. That target level was one-tenth of the scientific benchmark providing a safety margin either for children, or chronic exposure conditions. We compare the levels of RF radiation exposures identified in the present study to published scientific results reporting adverse biological effects and health harm at levels equivalent to, or below those measured in this Stockholm Central Railway Station project. It should be noted that these RF radiation levels give transient exposure, since people are generally passing through the areas tested, except for subsets of people who are there for hours each day of work.

  • 196.
    Hashemi, Esmatossadat
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Mohammadi, R
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Soares, Joaquim
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Safe community evaluation in terms of child safety2012Inngår i: Injury Prevention, ISSN 1353-8047, E-ISSN 1475-5785, Vol. 18, nr Suppl 1, s. A42-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Evaluation of child safety in designated SC is still a neglected indicator.

    Aims The purpose was to introduce a comprehensive model to conduct SC evaluation in terms of child safety.

    Methods Applications of designated SC with emphasis on child safety were reviewed. Besides, Pubmed and Embase were searched to find scientific articles of child safety evaluation.

    Results Key ways of child safety evaluation can be summed up as follows: In order to evaluate the impact of SC on child safety, quasi experimental study with emphasis on safe home, school, street, sport place and other environments is conducted to compare SC and control community at designation and re-designation time. When it comes to do outcome evaluation, in another quasi experimental study, incidence, severity and burden of child injuries are assessed in SC and control community by four household surveys where there is no data registry. Besides WHO and CDC questionnaires, delphi technique is an useful alternative to prepare questionnaires.

    Contribution to the Field Importance of child safety among growing number of SC has given rise to the necessity of a practical method for child safety evaluation in SCs.

  • 197.
    Hedlund, Marianne
    et al.
    Högskolen i Nord-Tröndelag, NTNU.
    Landstad, Bodil J
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Wendelborg, Christian
    NTNU.
    Challenges in Disability Management of Long-Term Sick Workers2008Inngår i: The international journal of disability management research, ISSN 1833-8550, Vol. 2, nr 2, s. 47-56Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In Norway various welfare state authorities assist in disability management (DM) of long-term sick workers. This study provides empirical-based knowledge about the Norwegian DM process. The data are based on focus-group interviews with health care providers and case-workers in welfare state authorities. A key issue outlined in this article is that long-term sick workers can easily become ‘stuck’ in the rehabilitation system. The focus is on topics that can explain difficulties of re-employing long-term sick workers. Furthermore, we look at what challenges are typical for DM of these workers in Norway, with respect to re-employment issues.

  • 198.
    Hedlund, Marianne
    et al.
    marianne.hedlund@hint.no.
    Wendelborg, Christian
    christian.wendelborg@tforsk.no.
    Brattaas, Hildfrid V.
    hildfrid.brataas@hint.no.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Gått ut på dato?: årsaker til at få mottakere av rehabiliteringspenger kommer tilbake i arbeidslivet.2005Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 199.
    Hedman Hjelm, Zara
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Jag & min kropp: En kvalitativ studie kring kroppsbild hos kvinnor2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 200.
    Heikkila, Katriina
    et al.
    Finnish Inst Occupat Hlth, Helsinki, Finland.
    Madsen, Ida E. H.
    Natl Res Ctr Working Environm, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Nyberg, Solja T.
    Finnish Inst Occupat Hlth, Helsinki, Finland.
    Fransson, Eleonor I.
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, S-10401 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ahola, Kirsi
    Finnish Inst Occupat Hlth, Helsinki, Finland.
    Alfredsson, Lars
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, S-10401 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bjorner, Jakob B.
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, S-10401 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Borritz, Marianne
    Bispebjerg Hosp, Dept Occupat & Environm Med, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Burr, Hermann
    Fed Inst Occupat Safety & Hlth BAuA, Berlin, Germany.
    Knutsson, Anders
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Koskenvuo, Markku
    Univ Helsinki, Dept Publ Hlth, Helsinki, Finland.
    Koskinen, Aki
    Finnish Inst Occupat Hlth, Helsinki, Finland.
    Nielsen, Martin L.
    Bispebjerg Hosp, Dept Occupat & Environm Med, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Nordin, Maria
    Umea Univ, Dept Psychol, S-90187 Umea, Sweden.
    Pahkin, Krista
    Finnish Inst Occupat Hlth, Helsinki, Finland.
    Pentti, Jaana
    Finnish Inst Occupat Hlth, Turku, Finland.
    Rugulies, Reiner
    Natl Res Ctr Working Environm, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Salo, Paula
    Finnish Inst Occupat Hlth, Turku, Finland.
    Shipley, Martin J.
    UCL, Dept Epidemiol & Publ Hlth, London, England.
    Suominen, Sakari B.
    Folkhalsan Res Ctr, Helsinki, Finland.
    Theorell, Tores
    Stockholm Univ, Stress Res Inst, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Vaananen, Ari
    Finnish Inst Occupat Hlth, Helsinki, Finland.
    Vahtera, Jussi
    Finnish Inst Occupat Hlth, Turku, Finland.
    Virtanen, Marianna
    Finnish Inst Occupat Hlth, Helsinki, Finland.
    Westerholm, Peter J. M.
    Uppsala Univ, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Batty, G. David
    UCL, Dept Epidemiol & Publ Hlth, London, England.
    Singh-Manoux, Archana
    UCL, Dept Epidemiol & Publ Hlth, London, England.
    Kivimaki, Mika
    UCL, Dept Epidemiol & Publ Hlth, London, England.
    Job strain and COPD exacerbations: an individual-participant meta-analysis2014Inngår i: European Respiratory Journal, ISSN 0903-1936, E-ISSN 1399-3003, Vol. 44, nr 1, s. 247-251Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
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