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  • 151.
    Ahlgren, Perry
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities.
    Ordspråk i Jämtland. Jöns Danielssons ordspråkssamling1998In: Humanister föreläser om Wales, Irland och Jämtland, Östersund: Mitthögskolan , 1998, p. 15-24Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 152.
    Ahlgren, Åsa
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Bergroth, Alf
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Ekholm, Jan
    Work resumption or not after rehabilitation?: A descriptive study from six social insurance offices.2004In: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, ISSN 0342-5282, E-ISSN 1473-5660, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 171-180Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this study was to describe measures and outcomes of vocational rehabilitation at six local national insurance offices in the same county in Sweden. Data were collected from mainframe registers and other records at each office. There were great differences in sickness allowance, incapacity rate, selected rehabilitation measures and resuming work. The percentage of sick-listed people who received any rehabilitation measure differed from 1.2 to 8.7%. The gender distribution for the study population was 36% men and 64% women and the predominant diagnosis was musculoskeletal pain conditions, which was followed by psychiatric disorders. Outcomes varied from office B, which reported 58% fully fit after completed planned rehabilitation, to office C, which reported only 24% fully fit. The clear differences in outcome between the offices indicate that various rehabilitation measures differ in effectiveness. The rehabilitation measure 'investigation of working ability' was not linked to any great proportion of people resuming work, but showed a greater correspondence to full disability pension. There were also large differences in social and demographic factors in the different municipalities. The effect of these on the rehabilitation process requires further investigation.

  • 153.
    Ahlgren, Åsa
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Bergroth, Alf
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Ekholm, Jan
    Schüldt Ekholm, Kristina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Selection of clients for vocational rehabilitation at six local social insurance offices.: a combined register and questionnaire study on rehabilitation measures and attitudes among social insurance officers.2008In: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, E-ISSN 1651-2081, Vol. 40, no 3, p. 178-184Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate possible differences between local social insurance offices with regard to their selection of clients for vocational rehabilitation. A further aim was to determine whether social insurance officers from different local insurance offices have uniform attitudes regarding professional practice in their application of the insurance system. METHODS: A register-based investigation of 815 vocational rehabilitees served by 6 local social insurance offices in a Swedish county. The study was supplemented with a questionnaire to 30 officers about attitudes to social insurance. RESULTS: The office with the lowest rate of sick-listing periods exceeding one year, and a high frequency of employment training, showed the highest degree of work resumption and the lowest pension rate after vocational rehabilitation. There were wide differences in attitude among the local social insurance officers regarding professional practice in their application of the system. CONCLUSION: Intra-county differences occur in handling people on sick-leave who undergo vocational rehabilitation. The local social insurance offices with the highest and lowest outcome rates of work resumption and disability pension, respectively, select clients for vocational rehabilitation from different categories of cases. Social insurance officers from different local offices differ in their attitudes towards the social insurance system and its clients.

  • 154.
    Ahlgren, Åsa
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Bergroth, Alf
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Ekholm, Jan
    Schüldt Ekholm, Kristina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Work resumption after vocational rehabilitation: a follow-up two years after completed rehabilitation2007In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 343-354Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A short-term evaluation of vocational rehabilitation (VR) may give conclusions not automatically applicable over a longer term. The present study follows up alterations in work resumption or in social insurance benefits from the time of completed VR and during the following two years. AIM: The primary objective was to evaluate work resumption among previous sick-leavers granted vocational rehabilitation. The aim of the follow-up was to assess the stability of the outcome of VR over time and to analyse factors of importance for clients that remained at work. METHOD: A register investigation was based on 815 cases where the clients had taken part in vocational rehabilitation and were served by one of six local social insurance offices of a Swedish county. RESULTS: Of the clients studied, 52.4% had attained full working capacity The proportion had decreased to 37.4% two years later. One factor that differed between those who resumed work and those who returned to sick leave was the duration of the previous sick-leave period. Those who returned to work had had shorter sick leave, had jobs to return to and had received job training as a vocational rehabilitation measure. CONCLUSIONS: The clients with the best chances of being in work two years after completed vocational rehabilitation were those with short sickness absence, who had been selected for job training as a vocational rehabilitation, were aged 16-29 years and were employed in industry.

  • 155.
    Ahlgren, Åsa
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Broman, Lisbet
    Bergroth, Alf
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Ekholm, Jan
    Disability pension despite vocational rehabilitation: A study from six social insurance offices of a county2005In: International Journal of Rehabilitation Reserch, ISSN 0342-5282, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 33-42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many long-term sick-listed individuals move from vocational rehabilitation to pension, rather than reaching the goal of return to work. There is thus reason to consider whether rehabilitation resources are being used optimally. Individuals receiving disability pensions are consuming financial and personnel resources at the insurance offices and also consume a large amount of health care. The general objective of the study was to evaluate the proportion of individuals granted vocational rehabilitation but then obtaining temporary or permanent disability pensions. All persons receiving any kind of rehabilitation and attending one of six local national insurance offices in a county in Sweden in 1998 and 1999 were studied. A 2-year follow-up was carried out to assess changes in status among those who had received temporary disability pensions. Of all individuals receiving rehabilitation, 46.2% ended up with a disability pension allowance. In addition, a large portion of the temporary disability pensions was transformed to permanent disability pensions within 2 years. For clients with a temporary disability pension, the rate of resuming work was close to nil. Among rehabilitation measures, investigation showed the lowest figures of work resumption while job training showed the best outcome in this respect. The study concluded that a large portion of the financial and personnel resources allocated by the national insurance offices to rehabilitation resulted in disability pensions.

  • 156.
    Ahlin, Josefin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lehrer, Abigail Anne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    DEN VÄRSTA DRAKEN: Föräldrars upplevelse av socialsekreterares maktmissbruk i myndighetsutövning i Sverige2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen behandlar och belyser problemen som uppstår ur föräldrars upplevelse av socialsekreterares maktmissbruk i myndighetsutövning. Studiens syfte var att med hjälp av en fenomenologisk ansats och sju halvstrukturerade kvalitativa intervjuer, utforska ovan nämnda upplevelse och dess eventuella följder hos föräldrar till barn som har befunnit/befinner sig i den svenska sociala barnavården.

    Analysen visade att upplevelsen uttrycktes i form av kraftiga känslor av negativt slag såsom förtvivlan, ilska, vanmakt, hjälplöshet o.s.v. Därmed följde psykiska -, fysiska -/ psykosomatiska - och psykosociala besvär som tenderade att eskalera i ärendets olika faser. Konklusionen blev att upplevelsen av socialsekreterares maktmissbruk i myndighetsutövning påverkade samtliga aspekter i föräldrarnas liv, främst negativt. Detta frambringade destruktiva följder som i sin tur förvärrades med en fortsatt upplevelse av maktmissbruk, där undantaget var de psykosociala följderna som i ett fall tenderade att minska i samband med att ärendet avslutades.

  • 157.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    A generalized view of the nature of Benefit of Information2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Seeking out and understanding the benefits of information are essential to an organization. Internal in an organization it is important to understand created benefit in order to communicate, prioritize and increase or decrease prioritization in strategically important business areas. In modern society digitalized information is an area that is on the increase in enterprises, as is the knowledge that information is of importance. Therefore there should be a demand for understanding and measuring the beneficial factors that information gives an organization. In this study, empirical material was collected in a literature study from journals highly ranked in the Information Systems Area and with special focus on the benefit of information. The perspective of the study has been intra organizational. The purpose is to derive found benefit factors and use them as a basis to discuss and problematize on the nature of benefit of information and hereby give organizations help to understand this area.

  • 158.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Approaching the intangible benefits of a boundary object2014Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Today´s information society is constantly increasing the quantity of digital information that organisations have access to and depend on. Despite this dependency, few descriptions exist of the benefits which this digital information can provide the organisation with. Examples of what the organisation can use the information for include business intelligence or in a business process. The absence of such benefit descriptions results in missed opportunities in organisational management and a failure to cultivate the artefact. In terms of a practical operational work role, this means that the artefact just exists and that there are no decisions, communication and discussions connected to it. Earlier research about benefits in the Information Systems field is focused on describing the process of finding benefit factors from different IT investments and how these investments can be measured financially. The result of this was that it was only the measurable benefits that were taken into consideration. Later benefit management research has shown interest in the intangible benefit factors as well and added this as an activity in the evaluation process. Today´s view is that the benefit consists both of tangible and intangible benefit factors. This thesis emphasises benefit factors found by means of qualitative research in organisations producing Technical Information (TI). TI isinformation connected to goods and services and is a part of a product. The intangible benefit factors found which are connected to TI are semantic interoperability and knowledge. Semantic interoperability is beneficial both for the organisation and the individuals – in the first case exemplified by a uniform working process and in the second as efficiency in the internal communication. Knowledge also provides benefit both to the organisation and the individuals – the organisation can operate without depending on certain individuals and information gives the individuals mobility in their profession.The next part in the thesis discusses information management´simpact on benefit factors. In the case of an autocratic approach, it is the organisation that benefits most, whereas a decentralised management style provides the individual co-workers with a greater number of benefit factors. This proves that information management is an important and decisive ingredient, and that it affects benefit factors.One step in the direction of converting the intangible benefit factors into tangible ones is to visualise them. In this work the theoreticallens provided by a boundary object has been used. This lens adds a qualitative view on cross-boundary information and has efficiency approaches. These approaches are the syntactical, semantic andpragmatic. Via interpretations from the thesis´s two empirical cases, those approaches are "measured" by interpretations and visualised by the three leaves of a clover. This gives the opportunity to describewhat information efficiency, in this case connected to a positiveexpectation, can contribute to the organisation or the individuals. By this procedure, different cases or time aspects can be compared,thereby providing a basis for decision-making, communication and discussion. Future research in this area can be made in different directions – one is to investigate whether the intangible benefit factors can be turned into measurable ones. In this way, the internal organisation can be provided with better knowledge of the digital information's impact. Another research direction is to investigate how the passage of time affects the benefit factors that digital information gives the organisation.

  • 159.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Aspekter på nyttometoder för teknikinformation ur ett livscykelperspektiv2012Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 160.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Design and test of a measurement method for the benefits of technical information2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 161.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System Science.
    Measuring the Immeasurable?  The Intangible Benefits of Digital Information2019In: Proceedings of the 52nd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences  2019, Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences , 2019, p. 6176-6185Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The benefits of digital information are mostly viewed as intangible, meaning that they can be hard to measure. This lack of measurements makes the benefits difficult to compare and communicate, creating problems for e.g. decision-making and the strategic development of specific digital information. Therefore, I conducted a literature review to find out how the combination of intangible benefits and measurements are dealt with in the information systems field. I found that we measure the intangible benefits of information systems or information technology. Here, the measurement method is divided into input, rule, and output. The input consists of predetermined individual benefits, areas of predetermined benefits, or interpreted benefits from respondents. The rule follows an accepted theory or contextual adjusted rules, and the output (benefit) can be seen as either financial or non-financial. The avenue for further research focuses on the digital information as the primary resource, not information systems or information technology.

  • 162.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Open Data and its Benefits2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 163.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Rätt teknikinformation är hårdvaluta som går att mäta2018Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 164.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    The emergence of Service Oriented Architecture from a Business Perspective2011In: Challenges for the Future in an ICT Context...for Stig / [ed] Viveca Asproth, Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University , 2011, p. 166-176Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 165.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Värdeadderande aktiviteter i produktionsprocessen av TI och tillhörande effektivitetsmätningar2013Report (Refereed)
  • 166.
    Ahlin, Karin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Bäckström, Ingela
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Technology and Management, Mechanical Engineering and Mathematics.
    Ingelsson, Pernilla
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Technology and Management, Mechanical Engineering and Mathematics.
    Löfstedt, Ulrica
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Mårtensson, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Technology and Management, Mechanical Engineering and Mathematics.
    Åslund, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Technology and Management, Mechanical Engineering and Mathematics.
    Öberg, Lena-Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Projekt Kundanpassad teknikinformation – KATI: Slutrapport – med fokus på förslag på arbetssätt och metoder2014Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 167.
    Ahlin, Karin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Ingelsson, Pernilla
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Technology and Management, Mechanical Engineering and Mathematics.
    Information management, Lean and efficiency:  are we focusing on the customer?2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine what happens with the internal view an organisation has on information management when a holistic view is diminished into a blinkered view and the consequences it conveys for the customer. The customer consequences are divided into two parts – creation of external customers’ values and creation of value for the internal customer explored in terms of efficiency.

    Methodology/approach – Interviews with both outsourced co-workers and project leaders still in the organization.

    Findings – The organisations lack of listening to the external customer affects all three areas lifted in the analysis. The studied organisations have great opportunities for developing their process for producing TI, both regarding their mutual relationship as well as in regards to the external customer with the help of Lean and by applying a more holistic view on the production of Technical Information.

    Keywords – Information management, Lean, Customer value, Technical Information, Efficiency

    Paper type – Case study

  • 168.
    Ahlin, Karin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Mozelius, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Redesign and Evaluation of a Technology Enhanced Learning Environment for Thesis Supervision2017In: ICERI2017 PROCEEDINGS / [ed] L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez and I. Candel Torres, Sevilla, Spain: The International Academy of Technology, Education and Development, 2017, Vol. 10, p. 636-643Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Thesis supervision is an important activity in higher education with Bachelor's and Master's theses mandatory parts of university programmes. In traditional education, thesis supervision has been a face-to-face activity, but today, both the student groups and the learning environments are blended. This study describes and discusses the design and implementation of a blended learning environment for a student group at Mid Sweden University.  The research question that the study aims to answer is:  Which are the important factors in the design of a course for undergraduate students, to facilitate supervision of thesis projects in a technology enhanced environment? 

    This study employed a Design science research strategy with three phases for design, implementation and evaluation of a blended learning environment during thesis supervision. For the first phase, design requirements were specified based on document studies and a literature review. In the second phase (first part), the created design requirements were implemented as an instance in the Moodle virtual learning environment. Second phase (second part), the implemented instance was used as the online part of a blended learning course for students writing their Bachelor's thesis. In the third phase an evaluation was carried out with an online questionnaire were students gave their opinions on course design and teaching and learning sessions.

    Findings show that the learning outcomes were good and that the course aim and the learning objectives were clearly stated. Found important factors for a successful supervision were peer collaboration, multimodality, and technology enhanced interaction.  Remaining challenges are to improve course content and to motivate students for research in the field of Informatics. Most surprising positive finding was that peer situation occurred informally, which deepen their knowledge for thesis writing and presentation. 

  • 169.
    Ahlin, Karin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Persson Slumpi, Thomas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    A Communication-model for Intangible Benefits of Digital Information2015In: 2015 Americas Conference on Information Systems, AMCIS 2015, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The communication of the intangible benefits to different stakeholders is important at the development for organizational resource and could be described as a boundary-spanning activity. In this study we build on Ahlin’s model (2014) and illustrates categorization of intangible benefits of digital information by using Carlile’s (2002; 2004) efficient boundary objects, the syntactic, semantic and pragmatic. Qualitative empirical pictures from three cases are illustrated by questions, derived from the efficient boundary objects. The illustrations show that this is an accessible path forward and that the illustrations can be changed to further research with the goal for practical test the communication model.The communication of the intangible benefits to different stakeholders is important at the development for organizational resource and could be described as a boundary-spanning activity. In this study we build on Ahlin’s model (2014) and illustrates categorization of intangible benefits of digital information by using Carlile’s (2002; 2004) efficient boundary objects, the syntactic, semantic and pragmatic. Qualitative empirical pictures from three cases are illustrated by questions, derived from the efficient boundary objects. The illustrations show that this is an accessible path forward and that the illustrations can be changed to further research with the goal for practical test the communication model. 

  • 170.
    Ahlin, Karin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Persson Slumpi, Thomas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Öberg, Lena-Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Nyttan med CM2013In: Configuration Management i teknikinformationens tjänst: en antologi / [ed] Margaretha Eriksson och Lena-Maria Öberg, Sundsvall: Mittuniversitetet , 2013Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 171.
    Ahlin, Karin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Saarikko, Ted
    Umeå University.
    Exploiting Information: Seeking Long-term Preservation of organisational knowledge2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Long-term preservation of organisational knowledge gives the business opportunities to reuse stored knowledge. This preservation of knowledge is present both in the organisation as such, found explicitly in the organisational stock, and also in the individual workers, implicit in their flow of action. Theoretically have the reuse of knowledge been named organisational memory and also been addressed in knowledge management. In a single case-study of a manufacturing company, the authors study the utilisation of product configuration information (PCI) and its role in meeting requirements on long-time preservation of product-related knowledge. This structured and standardised information is used throughout the organisation, serving as a base for both organisational and individual knowledge for the entire company. Since the information has been used in the same way for decades it is a part of the organisation´s culture and influences structures and procedures connected to the information base. The result of the study implies that usage of PCI grants the individual worker a high degree of task-related freedom as well as intra-organisational mobility. The downside for the individuals is the long time period it takes to get familiar with PCI due to its complexity. For the organisation as such, PCI provides a stable stock of knowledge which is available over extended periods of time, drastically reducing dependence upon individual workers.

  • 172.
    Ahlin, Karin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Saariko, Ted
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    A semiotic perspective on semantics interoperability2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While information technology enables us to access more material than ever before, we need to come to grips with the disagreeable fact that data is not information. Sharing data without safeguarding comprehension may lead to confusion at best and disaster at worst. The issue at hand is one of ensuring semantic interoperability between actors from disparate contexts. Research into this problem is plentiful, but typically focused around specific subject matters, limiting its appeal to a limited range of scholars and practitioners. Based upon a literary study, we identify two extreme approaches to managing semantic interoperability. These are denoted top-down and bottom-up. We illustrate real world instances of these approaches using the TFI-model based on a case study encompassing two organizations. Our theoretical model is found to be a viable lens through which to generalize and interpret issues pertaining to semantic interoperability between human actors. We therefore see a need for further research into human-based on semantic interoperability.

  • 173.
    Ahlin, Karin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Åslund, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Technology and Management, Mechanical Engineering and Mathematics.
    Utveckling och test av arbetsmetod för identifiering av nytta och värde i produktionsprocessen i framtagande av teknikinformation.2014Report (Other academic)
  • 174.
    Ahlnäs, August
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Galanti, Gustav
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Arbetstidsreducering, fungerar det som en hälsofrämjande åtgärd? En kvantitativ enkätstudie om arbetstidsreducering.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 175.
    Ahlqvist, Theresé
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information and Communication systems.
    Hur ett tvärfunktionellt samarbete kan motverka stuprörsstrukturer: Kommunikationens roll i det organisatoriska gränssnittet mellan olika avdelningar2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stovepipes, or also called silos, appear in many different organizations and sectors and contribute to problems when employees or managers tend to look more to their own, or the individual departments, objectives rather than to the organizations. The purpose of this study was to identify different communicative factors that promote stovepipes in order to further identify the most critical factor to disarm. A case study has been done at a selected company, with a stovepipe structure, in order to achieve the purpose of the study. The case study has included interviews and observations to identify different problem areas which then have been compared with three communicative factors identified in previous studies. The factor that had the most connections to the problem areas have been considered the most critical factor. The result of the study indicates that “A lack of understanding each other's work” is the most critical factor in stovepipe structures and that it can be prevented by following five recommendations: bring up positive collaboration continually, raise problems with each other instead of with others, identify different communication paths in and between the departments, implement a long-term model for preventing stovepipes and set up workshops between the involved departments. The conclusion of the study is that stovepipes create several undesirable effects in the organization but that the efforts to counter these problems do not have to be complicated. Following five small steps into a better collaboration and communication can be enough to be on your way to a better organizational structure.

  • 176.
    Ahlqvist, Theresé
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Systems and Technology.
    "Är det alltid negativt att vara konservativ?": En problematisering av stämplingen av byggbranschen som konservativ2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When investigating the construction industry's lack of digitization, it is often explained that it is because of a conservative culture. The purpose of this study has been to problematize the labelling as conservative and to study a company in the industry to gain a deeper understanding of what other problems that may exist. Based on this, three research questions were identified which the study had as a goal to answer. These are: how the construction industry can be said to be conservative, how the conservatism is expressed, and what other barriers that exists that cannot be said to be derived from conservatism. The study has been conducted through a case study at Skanska Sverige AB with Region Hus Norr as a delimitation. Furthermore, it has been divided into two phases where semi-structural interviews and a document review have been used as the basis for a description of the current situation. The result shows that it is not a representative state of the construction industry to say that it is conservative, and during the case study no underlying expressions of conservatism was observed. On the other hand, there are several other areas that are considered as the reason for a slow development. The conclusions drawn is that the way the Swedish Public Procurement Act is conducted today is one of the reasons for this. An accelerated change process where some steps in the change management models are skipped is also seen as a reason. Furthermore, there are signs of that the current processes not always support efficient digitization, which indicates that the work in some cases only move from an analog to a digital state. Lastly, an indication of a stove pipe structure in the development area has been observed during the study, which can affect the efficiency and target improvement in a negative way.

  • 177.
    Ahlqvist, Theresé
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Systems and Technology.
    "Är det alltid negativt att vara konservativ?": En problematisering av stämplingen av byggbranschen som konservativ2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When investigating the construction industry's lack of digitization, it is often explained that it is because of a conservative culture. The purpose of this study has been to problematize the labelling as conservative and to study a company in the industry to gain a deeper understanding of what other problems that may exist. Based on this, three research questions were identified which the study had as a goal to answer. These are: how the construction industry can be said to be conservative, how the conservatism is expressed, and what other barriers that exists that cannot be said to be derived from conservatism. The study has been conducted through a case study at Skanska Sverige AB with Region Hus Norr as a delimitation. Furthermore, it has been divided into two phases where semi-structural interviews and a document review have been used as the basis for a description of the current situation. The result shows that it is not a representative state of the construction industry to say that it is conservative, and during the case study no underlying expressions of conservatism was observed. On the other hand, there are several other areas that are considered as the reason for a slow development. The conclusions drawn is that the way the Swedish Public Procurement Act is conducted today is one of the reasons for this. An accelerated change process where some steps in the change management models are skipped is also seen as a reason. Furthermore, there are signs of that the current processes not always support efficient digitization, which indicates that the work in some cases only move from an analog to a digital state. Lastly, an indication of a stove pipe structure in the development area has been observed during the study, which can affect the efficiency and target improvement in a negative way.

  • 178.
    Ahlrén, Caroline
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Sundler, Sofie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Underlag till klimatledningssystem för skolor2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The climate issue is a significant question, and the problem is mainly caused by human activities. Everyone can help to counteract the enhanced Greenhouse effect by reducing the amounts of energy they use and by not consuming more products then they need.

    Schools are some of societies many consumers and therefore contribute to the Greenhouse effect. The School also has an important task; to teach and disseminate knowledge and information about the climate and the environment. According to the Swedish National Agency for Education, Skolverket, must all schools regularly consider the environment and sustainable development throughout the entire education process. Unfortunately, this is not the case for many schools in Sweden today.

    One of many tools that can be used to coordinate environmental work and initiatives, and also to make it more efficient, is environmental management systems. The most well known environmental management systems are developed for companies and consist of, for example, ISO 14001 and EMAS. Schools also have their specific versions of environmental management systems. In Sweden there are two of this kind; Green Flagg (Grön Flagg) and School for Sustainable Development (Skola för hållbar utveckling). There is also a third, called Environmental diploma (Miljödiplomering), though this particular one can be used both in companies, schools and other organizations. The authors regard these management systems as fine but insufficient. They need to be complemented by another management system aimed at climate and energy, which will work both as a startup for School for Sustainable Development and a continuation from Green Flagg.

    This study has had the aim of finding the components that need to make up such a climate management system. The system needs to be; easy to introduce into the school activities, be of good use in the tuition and contribute to lessen the schools impact on the climate. The study is based on literature relevant for the subject as well as two parallel empirical studies, where environmental work and environmental management systems in two schools were evaluated.

    The result of the study showed that most schools integrate environmental issues in their education, although to a varying extent. Environmental work in schools today need more structure and the authors regards environmental management systems adapted to the school activities, as helpful tools. To ensure that such a management system will be used, it needs to be limited to a more specific issue. The authors have, in this study, chosen to work with climate and energy as the main focus. The management system should be built as a conventional environmental management system suited for companies, for example ISO 14001, and contain the following components:

     PDCA

     Physical environmental aspects

     Documentation

     Clearly rooted in governing documents

     Communication

     Tools

     Stairs of knowledge

     Continuous updates and follow-up:s

     Distinction

     

  • 179.
    Ahlstrand, Hilda
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Vård av traumatiska sjukdomstillstånd eller traumatisk vård?: - en studie om utveckling av PTSD, ångest och depression efter intensivvård2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 180.
    Ahlstrand, Hilda
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Östlund, Karoline
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Hur går snacket som gör somliga namn mindre anställningsbara?: - En kvalitativ studie om hur det i grupp talas om värme och kompetens kring arbetssökanden av utländsk härkomst2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 181.
    Ahlström, André
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Bankbranschen: En studie om branschstruktur och konkurrensstrategi i Enköping2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 182. Ahlström, B H
    et al.
    Skarsäter, I
    Danielson, Ella
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    The meaning of major depression in family life: the viewpoint of the ill parent2010In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 19, no 1-2§, p. 284-293Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim and objective.

    The aim was to elucidate the meaning of major depression in family life

    from the viewpoint of an ill parent.

    Background.

    Major depression according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of

    Mental Disorders is common and may appear repeatedly over several

    years, and affects family life. Depression in parents has a negative

    impact on family function and children's health; however, studies

    regarding the deeper understanding of major depression in family life

    are lacking.

    Design.

    A qualitative explorative study using narrative interviews with eight

    parents who were identified with major depression.

    Methods.

    A phenomenological-hermeneutic method of interpretation was used for

    analysing interview texts and included naive understanding, a

    structural analysis where text was divided into meaning units, which

    were condensed and abstracted, and finally a comprehensive

    understanding.

    Result.

    Two themes were extracted: 'to be afflicted in an almost unmanageable

    situation' with sub-themes 'feeling hopelessly bad', 'being worthless',

    'being unsatisfied' and the theme 'to reconcile oneself to the

    situation' with sub-themes 'being active', 'being satisfied' and

    'maintaining parenthood'.

    Conclusion.

    Comprehensive understanding revealed the parents' simultaneous

    suffering and dignity in family life; suffering with serious lack of

    well-being and health, destroyed self-confidence and unhappiness, and

    dignity with strength, confidence and joy in children. The movement

    between suffering and dignity complicated family life. Dignity was

    threatened by the awareness that suffering in major depression was

    recurrent. Dignity had to be repeatedly restored for self and the

    family, and family dignity has to be restored before others outside the

    family circle.

    Relevance to clinical practice.

    A deeper understanding of the meaning of major depression in family

    life is helpful and for healthcare professionals to prevent individual

    and family suffering by assisting and preserving dignity.

     

  • 183. Ahlström, B H
    et al.
    Skärsäter, I
    Danielson, Ella
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Major depression in a family: what happens and how to manage - a case study2007In: Issues in Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 0161-2840, E-ISSN 1096-4673, Vol. 28, no 7, p. 691-706Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Major depression challenges the ways of living for both individuals and families. The aim of this study was to describe what happens and how to manage major depression in a family. The case in this paper is a family with a mother who is suffering major depression and her son and daughter. Narrative interviews and qualitative content analysis were conducted. The findings revealed six themes: "a stealthy intruder," "moving slowly to helplessness," "saving the situation," "protecting oneself and others," "conveying things that are beyond words," and the "dispersal of shadows." These themes elucidated the family members' varying views of depression and the unique ways they managed the situation.

     

     

  • 184.
    Ahlström, Jenny
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Höglund, Susanne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskans roll i den palliativa vården - en litteraturöversikt.2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 185.
    Ahlström, Pauline
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Wie, Lina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Att återgå till arbete efter stressrelaterad ohälsa: -En intervjustudie om betydelsen av psykosociala faktorer2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 186.
    Ahlström, Richard
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Debt2011In: Encyclopedia of consumer culture / [ed] Southerton, Dale, New York: Sage Publications, 2011, 1Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 187.
    Ahlström, Richard
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The emotional impact of severe debts on the individual2007In: Proceedings of the Nordic Policy Research Conference 2007, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 188.
    Ahlström, Richard
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Savemark, Mattias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Dödsfall under och efter skuldsanering2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Konsumentverket har enligt skuldsaneringslagen (SFS 2006:548) uppdrag att stödja och vägleda den budget- och skuldrådgivning som kommunerna skall svara för. Detta innefattar bland annat utbildning, metodutveckling, kunskapsbyggande och information samt utvärdering. Som ett led i detta har verket initierat en utvärdering av verksamheten från, såväl ett gäldenärsperspektiv som ur ett samhällsekonomiskt perspektiv. Föreliggande rapport är en del av en kommande större rapport rörande bl.a. ekonomi och hälsoaspekter i samband med överskuldsättning och skuldrådgivning i kommunerna. Författare är docent Richard Ahlstöm och forskningsassistent Mattias Savemark. De slutsatser och ståndpunkter som redovisas här är författarnas egna och de ansvarar för delrapportens riktighet och innehåll.

  • 189.
    Ahlström, Therese
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Olsson, Annette
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Att tala med tangenterna: En intervjustudie om ungdomars interaktion och identitetsskapande genom sociala medier2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva och analysera hur ungdomar använder och förhåller sig till sociala medier samt hur de uppfattar och reflekterar kring möjligheter och begränsningar i förhållande till sitt identitetsskapande. Vi har genom en kvalitativ forsknings design genomfört semistrukturerade intervjuer med sex ungdomar. Varefter vi noga lyssnat igenom intervjuerna, transkriberat, sammanställt och analyserat resultatet. Vi valde ungdomar för att de är inne i en identitetsskapande ålder samt att de är representativa användare av sociala medier. Resultatet visar att samtliga ungdomar är i någon form beroende av den mediala interaktionen och att detta påverkar identitetsskapandet. Vidare visar också resultatet att det mänskliga mötet är betydande då reaktioner direkt kan tolkas i en så kallad ansikte mot ansikte interaktion.

  • 190.
    Ahlund, Claes
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Den skandinaviska universitetsromanen 1877-18901990Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 191. Ahlund, Claes
    Den svenska invasionsberättelsen - en bortglömd litteratur2003In: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, no 3, p. 82-103Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 192.
    Ahlund, Claes
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities.
    Den undflyende renässansen. Heidenstam, nittitalet och livsglädjen2008In: Aorta, ISSN 1402-7984, no 19, p. 47-50Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 193.
    Ahlund, Claes
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities.
    Diktare i krig: K.G. Ossiannilsson, Bertil Malmberg och Ture Nerman från debuten till 19202007Book (Other academic)
  • 194.
    Ahlund, Claes
    Uppsala universitet.
    Doktor Glas och den fria viljan1985In: Horisont, ISSN 0439-5530, no 1, p. 12-21Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 195.
    Ahlund, Claes
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities.
    Empiriker i det levande livets land: Henrik Schücks Wivalliusbild2007In: Hela världen är en teater: Åtta essäer om Lars Wivallius, Stockholm: Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien, 2007, p. 268-Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 196. Ahlund, Claes
    En mental militarisering: den svenska litteraturen före och under första världskriget2003In: Samlaren : tidskrift, ISSN 0348-6133, Vol. 124, p. 134-157Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 197.
    Ahlund, Claes
    Uppsala universitet.
    Esteticismens unghinkar och aktionens anteckningar kring händelserna 19091986In: Hjärnstorm, ISSN 0348-6958, no 25/26, p. 17-19Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 198. Ahlund, Claes
    Fallets lag och jagets stjärna: en studie i Stig Dagermans författarskap = [The law of the fall and the star of the self] : [a study of the writings of Stig Dagerman]1998Book (Other academic)
  • 199.
    Ahlund, Claes
    Uppsala universitet.
    Folkhemsnattens lågande Lucifer: En introduktion till Hans Granlids romanvärld1987In: Hjärnstorm, ISSN 0348-6958, no 28, p. 11-15Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 200. Ahlund, Claes
    Från epifani till sammanbrott.: Novellstrukturer hos Lars Ahlin och Stig Dagerman1998In: Nordlit : arbeidstidsskrift i litteratur, ISSN 0809-1668, no 3, p. 87-120Article in journal (Other academic)
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