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  • 101.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Employment commitment and psychological well-being among unemployed men and women1999In: Acta Sociologica, ISSN 0001-6993, E-ISSN 1502-3869, Vol. 42, no 2, p. 135-146Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies employment commitment and psychological well-being among a random sample of 3 500 unemployed men and women in Sweden. The study observes which factors govern the level of employment commitment and if there are any significant differences between unemployed men and women in this respect. The article also discusses the importance of commitment to employment when analysing psychological well-being among unemployed. The results emphasise the psychosocial value of the former job, the activity level as unemployed and age when studying employment commitment among both men and women. However, the results also indicate that age and family situation affect unemployed women�s and men�s levels of commitment to paid employment in different ways. Further, both unemployed men and women with a strong non-financial employment motivation have a significantly higher risk of experiencing poor mental well-being than those with lower commitment to employment. In conclusion, the results from this study speak against the hypothesis that the high unemployment rates among certain categories of people are mainly a result of low motivation to be employed.

  • 102.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mid Sweden University.
    Non-financial employment motivation and well-being in different labour market situations: A Longitudinal Study1999In: Work, Employment and Society, ISSN 0950-0170, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 601-620Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main aim of the article is to examine non-financial employment motivation and mental well-being among people in different labour market situations, such as unemployment, stimulating employment or instrumental employment, and to control for the possibility that variations in motivation and well-being are either caused by the present labour market status or are the result of a selection process. The article is based on a panel study of 1782 Swedes who were interviewed at the beginning of 1996, when all were unemployed, and then again at the end of 1997, when the labour market situation had changed for some of them. The results show that, in 1997, the unemployed have the same level of employment commitment as individuals with instrumental jobs, but as compared to people with stimulating jobs, their non-financial employment motivation is weaker. In general, the unemployed report poorer mental well-being than the employed. Results support the hypothesis that the substantial changes in employ¬ment commitment and mental health observed between 1996 and 1997 are primarily due to the labour market situation in 1997. The results refute the notion that the level of employment motivation is a main determinant of the likelihood of getting a paid job.

  • 103.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    The concentration of unemployment within families and social networks.: A question concerning attitudes or structural factors?1999In: European Sociological Review, ISSN 0266-7215, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 49-59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article studies the concentration of unemployment within families and social networks in Sweden. The study, which is based on two random samples, one consisting of ca. 47 000 young people and their parents and one consisting of 3 500 unemployed persons, raises the question of whether unemployment concentration mainly is caused by negative values towards employment or by structural factors. The results show that it is common for persons who are unemployed and have experienced longer periods of unemployment to have unemployed family members and friends. The causes of the unemployment concentration can be traced to structural factors such as class, ethnicity, age, unemployment rate and population in the district etc., rather than to the attitudes of the members of the unemployed group.

  • 104.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Unemployment, Employment Commitment and Well-being: The Psychosocial Meaning of (Un)employment among Women and Men1999Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    The general aim of this thesis is to study the psychosocial meaning of (un)employment among women and men. This is mainly done by analysing employment commitment, or non-financial employment motivation, and mental well-being among a random sample of 3 500 Swedes that were interviewed in the beginning of 1996, when all were unemployed, and then again in the end of 1997, when the labour market situation varied. In general, the results from this study support the unemployment studies that have emphasised the importance of employment for the possibility to create and maintain a satisfactory life situation.

  • 105.
    Norén, Ronny
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    A Takayama-Judge activity model applied to the analysis of allocation and trade in Sweden1991In: Applied Economics, ISSN 0003-6846, Vol. 23, no 7, p. 1201-1212Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this chapter[1] is to formulate a numerical general equilibrium model of the Swedish economy, and to use the model for a quantitative evaluation of the pattern of comparative advan-tages. The model is essentially a Leontief type of input-output model, extended with linear demand functions for final com-modities, foreign trade activities and capacity and resource constraints. Due to the linearity the model can easily be reformulated and solved as a quadratic programming model. The evaluation of the pattern of comparative advantages of the Swedish economy is carried out as an analysis of the choice between import and domestic production in a temporary equilibrium framework with exogenously given world market prices, exports and domestic production capacities.

     

  • 106.
    Norén, Ronny
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    CGE-modellen: En introduktion: Teori och tillämpning på strukturell anpassning och omvandling1999Report (Other scientific)
  • 107. Norén, Ronny
    Comparative advantages revealed: Experiments with a quadratic programming model of Sweden1987Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 108.
    Norén, Ronny
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Den numeriska allmänna jämviktsmodellen1994Report (Other academic)
  • 109.
    Norén, Ronny
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Dismissal of Employees in Swedish Manufacturing2004In: Journal of Policy Modeling, ISSN 0161-8938, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 151-164Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the macroeconomic influence of the numbers of employees who received notice of dismissal or lay off, in the Swedish manufacturing industry during the period 1980–1994. Given the assumption of fixed labour requirements after the installation of new capital equipments, the statistics over the employees who received notice of dismissal or lay off can be assumed to be closely related to disinvestment. The obtained empirical results suggest that most of the estimated variables are highly significant, both in size and magnitude. The estimations also indicate a significant difference in response to the development of some of the explanatory variables. These findings are reflected in the structural adjustment process of the Swedish manufacturing sector and the general domestic policy by the government

  • 110.
    Norén, Ronny
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ekonomisk tillväxt utifrån ett strukturellt omvandlingsperspektiv1995In: Ekonomiska Samfundets Tidskrift, ISSN 0013-3183, no 2, p. 55-60Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 111.
    Norén, Ronny
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Equilibrium Models in an Applied Framework: Industrial Structure and Transformation.2013 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
  • 112.
    Norén, Ronny
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Equilibrium Models of Structural Change and Transformation2007Report (Other academic)
  • 113.
    Norén, Ronny
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ett mer konkurrenskraftigt och stabilt EMU2012In: Ekonomiska samfundets tidskrift, ISSN 0013-3183, E-ISSN 2323-1378, Vol. 65, no 1, p. 39-47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    EMU systemets förmåga att klara ekonomiska påfrestningar har blivit kraftigt ifrågasatt i

    samband med den ekonomiska finanskrisen. Dessutom har konkurrenskraften i ett antal

    länder inom Eurozonen inte utvecklats i önskad riktning. EMU systemets omfattning och

    dess grundläggande ekonomiska konstruktion måste åter diskuteras. Ekonomiskt strukturella

    olikheter måste kompenseras via ökad integration för att stärka konkurrenskraft och stabilitet.

    Detta är genomförbart, men endast för ett mindre antal ekonomiskt robusta EMU-länder

    inom den europeiska unionen.

  • 114.
    Norén, Ronny
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Europe´s Lack of Structural Transformation and Necessary Policy Changes of EMU2003In: Journal of Policy Modeling, ISSN 0161-8938, E-ISSN 1873-8060, Vol. 25, no 6/7, p. 543-554Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Primary goal of stabilisation policy in the Treaty of European Union is price stability. That goal may be in conflict with the goal of full employment in the member states, particularly, then the union is hit by an asymmetric shock. Assuming perfect capital mobility an initial adverse shock [Lessons of Massachusetts for EMU, in: F. Torres, F. Giavazzi (Eds.), Adjustment and Growth in the European Monetary Union, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge] may have permanent effects by releasing a self-reinforcing process, which will result in lower relative growth. Given the specification of a model that captures the crucial element of efficient structural transformation it is easy to conclude the lack of necessary structural transformation within European Monetary Union (EMU). In addition, the basic foundation of economic policy by EMU, as manifested by the Treaty of European Union, is by latter research put into question. Therefore this paper suggest, it is necessary that the Treaty of European Union must be supplemented, changed, or both. 

  • 115.
    Norén, Ronny
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Fiscal stability and dynamics in the Eurozone2009In: Journal of Policy Modeling, ISSN 0161-8938, E-ISSN 1873-8060, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 51-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The long term balance between fiscal efforts of stabilisation and necessary growth to obtain full capacity is the issue must be the focus of the discussion of economic policy by the countries in the Eurozone. Labour market reforms to create flexibility is important, and necessary, but not sufficient. To make labour market reforms feasible they must also be supported by short run measures to create flexibility in economic policy to stabilize demand on a steady state growth path. By the help of an elementary economic transformation model, it is possible to show that fiscal efforts of stabilisation in the Eurozone can be a threat against economic transformation itself, and hence, growth.

  • 116.
    Norén, Ronny
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Globalisation and intermediate activity: A study of Swedish manufacturing 2000 and 20052010In: Journal of Policy Modeling, ISSN 0161-8938, E-ISSN 1873-8060, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 223-230Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we focus on production chains, i.e., on intermediate commodities, in Swedish manufacturing. Based on input output data for the two years 2000 and 2005, we investigate the input change of the intermediate import shares. The result is that the share of intermediate imports has increased in important sectors. The conclusion is that the globalisation process has affected the production system in the Swedish economy. Finally the problem of adjustment and economic strategy are discussed.

  • 117.
    Norén, Ronny
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Industrial Transformation in the Open Economy: A Multisectoral View1998In: Journal of Policy Modeling, ISSN 0161-8938, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 111-117Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 118.
    Norén, Ronny
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Industry Dynamics and Restricted Flexibility in Fiscal PolicyManuscript (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 119.
    Norén, Ronny
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Kina, Sverige och globaliseringen: Några invändningar2006In: Ekonomisk debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 34, no 4, p. 87-90Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 120.
    Norén, Ronny
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Struktur och tillväxt1991Collection (editor) (Other scientific)
  • 121.
    Norén, Ronny
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Svensk industriell omvandling i ett avvecklingsperspektiv1995In: Ekonomisk debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 37-47Article in journal (Other scientific)
    Abstract [sv]

    Effekterna av Stabilitets- och Tillväxtpakten måste analyseras, inte bara från stabili-seringspolitisk utgångspunkt, utan även från de strukturella återverkningarna. Den ekonomiska omvandlingsprocessen är av avgörande betydelse för tillväxten och måste få en större roll i utformandet av den ekonomiska politiken. Att skapa stabilitet i unionens medlemsländer är viktigt, men om samtidigt möjligheterna till ekonomisk omvandling begränsas av de regler som gäller för Stabilitets- och Tillväxtpakten och därmed på sikt ekonomisk tillväxt, är det ingen produktiv väg framåt för Europa.

     

  • 122. Norén, Ronny
    Tillväxt och Strukturomvandling - En resursorienterad analys av Sveriges anpassning till EG1989In: The Nordic countries and the EEC : papers presented at a workshop in Lund, September 1988, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet , 1989Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 123.
    Nyangena, Wilfred
    et al.
    University of Nairobi.
    Stage, Jesper
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Saving Kenya's Wildlife Corridors: Economic Benefits and Costs2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 124.
    Olander, Frida
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Bankers riskbedömning vid företags fastighetsinvesteringar i Jämtland2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 125.
    Olofsson, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Rashid, Saman
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The white male effect: From risk perception to economic prioritising: Building Bridges, SRA-Europe, The Hague, 17-19 June2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 126.
    Olofsson, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Rashid, Saman
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Öhman, Susanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The division of attitudes to GM food between the north and south of Europe.2003In: Integrating and Articulating Environments: A Challenge for Northern and Southern Europe., Lisse: Swets & Zeitlinger, 2003, p. 91-108Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 127.
    Olofsson, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Öhman, Susanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Rashid, Saman
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Differences in risk perception among groups in society and the impact of basic values and experiences of vulnerability: Paper presented at Risk & Rationalities, Queens' College, Cambridge, 29-31 March 20072007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 128.
    Olsson, Kalle
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Sundström, Per
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Kan bitcoin reducera risk?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bitcoin är en digital valuta som existerar oberoende av centralbank eller yttre kontroll. Den lågakorrelationen med andra tillgångsslag gör att bitcoin kan användas som diversifierare i eninvesteringsportfölj. Uppsatsens syfte är att studera bitcoin som en alternativ tillgång i eninvesteringsportfölj och studera vad som händer med risk och förväntad avkastning. Genom att användaMarkowitz modern portföljteori beräknas risk och förväntad avkastning för olika portföljer. Utvärderingav portföljernas prestanda sker genom att undersöka hur sharpekvot, sortinokvot och omegakvotpåverkas av andelen bitcoin. Dessutom analyseras den effektiva fronten för portföljer med och utanbitcoin. Resultatet visar att genom en inblandning av bitcoin ökar förväntad avkastning och risk. Det visasockså att en liten andel bitcoin påverkar portföljernas prestanda positivt. Studiens resultat ligger i linjemed resultat från tidigare studier som gjort på området.

  • 129.
    Onjala, Joseph
    et al.
    University of Nairobi.
    Ndiritu, Simon Wagura
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Stage, Jesper
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Risk perception, choice of drinking water and water treatment: Evidence from Kenyan towns2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study uses household survey data from four Kenyan towns to examine the effect of households’ characteristics and risk perceptions on their decision to treat/filter water as well as their choice of main drinking water source. Because the two decisions may be jointly made by the household, a seemingly unrelated bivariate probit model is estimated. It turns out that treating non-piped water and using piped water as a main drinking water source are substitutes. The evidence supports the finding that perceived risks significantly correlate with a household’s decision to treat/filter unimproved non-pipe water before drinking it. The study also finds that higher connection fees reduce the likelihood of households connecting to the piped network. Because the current connection fee acts as a cost hurdle that deters households from getting a connection, the study recommends a system where households pay the connection fee in instalments, through a prepaid water scheme or through a subsidy scheme.

  • 130.
    Onjala, Joseph
    et al.
    Institute for Development Studies, University of Nairobi, PO Box 30197, Nairobi, Kenya .
    Ndiritu, Simon Wagura
    Strathmore Business School, Ole Sangale Road,PO Box 59857, Madaraka, 00200 Nairobi, Kenya.
    Stage, Jesper
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law. Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Luleå University of Technology, 971 87 Luleå, Swede.
    Risk perception, choice of drinking water and water treatment: Evidence from Kenyan towns2014In: Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development, ISSN 2043-9083, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 268-280Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study used household survey data from four Kenyan towns to examine the effect of households’ characteristics and risk perceptions on their decision to treat/filter water as well as on their choice of main drinking water source. Because the two decisions may be jointly made by the household, a seemingly unrelated bivariate probit model was estimated. It turned out that treating non-piped water and using piped water as a main drinking water source were substitutes. The evidence supports the finding that perceived risks significantly correlate with a household’s decision to treat non-piped water before drinking it. The study also found that higher connection fees reduced the likelihood of households connecting to the piped network. Because the current connection fee acts as a cost hurdle which deters households from getting a connection, the study recommends a system where households pay the connection fee in instalments, through a prepaid water scheme or through a subsidy scheme.

  • 131. Paulrud, Anton
    et al.
    Stage, Jesper
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Thangavelu, Tharshini
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Valuation of angling site characteristics and visitation frequency: The case of the Lower End Ammer River and the Lower End Hårkan River2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 132.
    Persson, Jesper
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Lindberg, Helena
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Bergström, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Hur påverkar svenska hushållens belåningsgrad den privata konsumtionen?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The latest years the debt of the households has been increasing significantly. The prices on the housing market are increasing and the interest rates are low. This allows buyers to maximize their loans. Disposable household income, house prices and rent is at historically high levels. This allows the valuation of the housing to be higher than the real market value. Housing loans are often used for consumption rather than for housing. There ought to be a danger in this. European Commission warns of the high level of debt of the households and the IMF warns that we could be facing a new global housing bubble. The purpose is to find out if there is a possible link between household leverage and private consumption. To determine this, we have analyzed the GDP at market prices, consumption expenditure and public consumption. Bonds, directly owned shares and shares and also loans. Inflation, CPI and the Swedish central banks official bank rate and monetary- and fiscal policy has also been reviewed.The Keynesian theory has been used because the main concept of theory is saying that the government should either push or cool down the economy in case of economic fluctuations.Based on the result, we concluded that the whole society needs to take responsibility in both a boom- and a bust situation. This is to counteract such mortgage bubble, overheating in the stock market, indebtedness of households etc. We can see a correlation between the level of loan of the households and consumption in society, but because there are so many factors that can influence, no firm conclusion can be drawn.

  • 133.
    Persson, Rickard
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Simultaneous determination of Debt, Dividend, and Inside Ownership policies: Evidence from Sweden2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this thesis is to examine the simultaneous determination of debt, dividend, and inside ownership policies in Sweden. We apply a simultaneous equation model estimated with 3SLS. The results reveal a positive two-way causal relationship between debt and dividend polices. We also find a two-way causal relationship between inside ownership and dividend policies, but dividends affect inside ownership in a positive way while inside ownership affects dividends in a negative way. Further, we find a relationship between inside ownership and debt policies, but any causality appears to run from inside ownership to debt in a negative way. This study supports the notion that the convergence of interest and the entrenchment theory are not mutually exclusive. We also show that a SEM estimated with 3SLS is justified empirically over the OLS and that the difference between using 3SLS compared to 2SLS is negligible in our model. 

  • 134.
    Peyronson, Carl-Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Finansiell integration på aktiemarknaderna i eurozonen: en empirisk tillämpning av OLS och GARCH (1,1)2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna kvantitativa empiriska studie tillämpades Ordinary Least Square (OLS)- ochGeneralized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroscedasticity (GARCH)- modeller för attestimera och beskriva kopplingarna från den tyska aktiemarknaden till de övriga länderna ieurozonens aktiemarknader. Som underlag till den empiriska studien användesstängningskurser för Belgiens, Finlands, Frankrikes, Hollands, Irlands, Italiens, Luxemburgs,Portugals, Spaniens, Tysklands och Österrikes ledande aktieindex för perioden 2003.11.10 till2013.10.09. Resultaten visade i likhet med tidigare forskning att avkastningsserierna föraktiemarknaderna var heteroskedastiska och kopplingarna överlag uppvisade ARCH- ochGARCH-effekter, och således att GARCH(1,1)-modellen överträffade OLS-modellen. Vidarefick den senaste globala finanskrisen GARCH(1,1)-modellen att prestera något sämre, för attsedan stiga till nivåer över de som föregick krisen. Ambitionen är att studiens resultat ska varaav intresse för, och bidra till kunskap till, både privata och professionella investerare,studenter och andra med intresse för modellering av volatilitetstransmission mellanaktiemarknader.

  • 135.
    Randberg, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Kan den svenska avkastningskurvan användas som indikator för den svenska ekonomiska tillväxten?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstrakt

    Tillväxt är något som borde vara av intresse för samtliga aktörer i ett land, då det till stor del är en ren välfärdsfråga. De flesta undersökningar för huruvida avkastningskurvan kan användas som indikator för tillväxten är gjorda för de stora industriella ekonomierna och inte för en liten öppen ekonomi som den svenska. Den svenska ekonomin borde påverkas betydligt mer utifrån än de större ekonomierna och syftet med uppsatsen är därför att undersöka om den svenska avkastningskurvan kan användas som indikator på den svenska ekonomiska aktiviteten i form av ekonomisk tillväxt.

    Jag kommer därför i min undersökning använda två avkastningskurvor för att se vilken av dessa som på bästa sätt kan användas som indikator för den svenska ekonomin. Den första avkastningskurvan är baserad på skillnaden mellan statsobligationer om tio år och statskuldväxlar om tre månader och den andra är baserad på skillnaden mellan tioåriga statsobligationer och tvååriga statsobligationer.

    Jag kommer att göra en ekonometrisk undersökning för vilken jag använt mig av tidsserier från det första kvartalet 1995 och fram till och med det fjärde kvartalet 2007, vilket sammanlagt ger data från 52 kvartal.

    Undersökningen visar att avkastningskurvan baserad på skillnaden mellan tioåriga statsobligationer och tvååriga statsobligationer är den som fungerar bäst och har förmågan att indikera tillväxt för ungefär ett år framåt.

  • 136.
    Randberg, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Kan den svenska avkastningskurvan användas som indikator för den svenska inflationen?2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstrakt 

    The yield curve as a forecasting tool for inflation has been thoroughly investigated. However, most of these studies considered only the major economies, such as the U.S. economy or the major European economies and not a small open economy such as the Swedish. The Swedish economy should be much more affected by the world economy then the bigger economies. The purpose with this study is then to investigate whether the Swedish yield curve, or the Swedish interest rate, can be used as forecasting tools for the Swedish inflation. To be able to carry out this study I will perform an econometric investigation based on an iterative generalized least square model. The time series used in this investigation is based on data running from January 1, 1999 until Febuary 28, 2009. The investigation is based on the assumption that the Yield curve and the interest rate affect the inflation and is then carried out by investigating the relationship between the change in inflation and the yield curve and the interest rate. Furthermore, my investigation shows that the data are stationary over the full period. The result from the econometric model is rather straightforward; the Swedish yield curve does not perform well as a forecasting tool for inflation.  However, the interest rate have the ability to forecast the change in inflation over a period of 60 month.

  • 137.
    Rashid, Saman
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Immigrants, income and family migration2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis consists of three papers studying the economic situation of immigrants in Sweden in terms of wage earnings, labor participation and family internal migration.

    Paper [I] (http://www.econ.umu.se/ues/ues622.html) studies the determinants of the wage earnings for immigrants from different countries, and secondly whether their wage earnings converge to those of comparable native-born Swedes. The study is based on a longitudinal dataset, and the data refers to 1991 and 1995, respectively. The empirical results indicate that immigrants in Sweden are heterogeneous, and different income determinants, such as education, cohortspecific factors and time of residence, affect different groups of immigrants in different ways. Even after 20 years of residence, almost none of the groups appear to reach the same level of earnings as natives. In particular, the earnings of immigrants from typical refugee-sending countries tend to be much lower.

    Paper [II] (http://www.econ.umu.se/ues/ues623.html) examines whether the transition probability from employment to non-employment among married immigrant women is consistent with the Family Investment Hypothesis (FIH). A dynamic random effects model is used and the estimations are based on a longitudinal database covering the period 1990-1996. The results indicate that the relationship between the transition probability from employment to nonemployment and the family’s time of residence in Sweden, considered here as an indication of the husband’s need for host country-specific human capital, does not seem to be consistent with the interpretation of the FIH. Further, when immigrant women married to native-born Swedes are used as a comparison group, the corresponding relationship is similar despite the fact that this group should not need to apply family investment strategy.

    Paper [III] (http://www.econ.umu.se/ues/ues624.html) uses a longitudinal dataset from the years 1995 and 2000, respectively, this study examines whether migration within the host country of Sweden generates higher total annual income for (two-earner) immigrant families. The empirical findings indicate that internal migration generates a positive outcome in terms of higher family income for newly arrived refugee-immigrant families. Further, with the length of residence in the host country, the monetary gain accruing from internal migration decreases. On the other hand, I could not find similar results for immigrant families from the Nordic countries, Europe and Asia.

  • 138.
    Rashid, Saman
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Internal Migration and Income of Immigrant Families2009In: Journal of Immigrant and Refugee Studies, ISSN 1556-2948, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 180-200Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a longitudinal dataset from the years 1995 and 2000, respectively, this study examines whether migration within the host country of Sweden generates higher total annual income for (two-earner) immigrant families. The empirical findings indicate that internal migration generates a positive outcome in terms of higher family income for newly arrived refugee-immigrant families. Further, with the length of residence in the host country, the monetary gain accruing from internal migration decreases. On the other hand, I could not find similar results for immigrant families from the Nordic countries, Europe and Asia.

  • 139.
    Rashid, Saman
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Internal migration and income of immigrant families2005Report (Other scientific)
  • 140.
    Rashid, Saman
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Internmigration bland invandrade familjer - ett sätt att hitta rätt på arbetsmarknaden?2006In: Arbetslivets (o)synliga murar: rapport / av Utredningen om makt, integration och strukturell diskriminering, Stockholm: Fritzes, 2006Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 141.
    Rashid, Saman
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Invandrarinkomster, förvärvsdeltagande och familj2002Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 142.
    Rathke, Julia
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Analyis of the economic efficiency of the subvention of renewable energies: German energy market as a case study2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Renewable Energies play a rather small role so far in the overall mixture for power generation, but they increasingly gain in importance. Nevertheless an independent marketability is not given yet. To reach the development goals which are requested by the European Commission, a monetary sponsorship at the expense of electricity consumers is required. Can this governmental interference be justified? Which problems arise with the subvention?

  • 143.
    ROTOLO, TOMMASO
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Business Cycle and Barter Trading in ModernEconomics: Cointegration approach2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 144.
    Sahlén, Linda
    et al.
    Swedish National Institute for Economic Research, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Stage, Jesper
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Environmental fiscal reform in Namibia: A potential approach to reduce poverty?2012In: Journal of Environment and Development, ISSN 1070-4965, E-ISSN 1552-5465, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 219-243Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, the likely effects of an environmental fiscal reform in Namibia are examined using a Computable General Equilibrium model. We find that a triple dividend—improving the environment, increasing employment, and reducing poverty at the same time—remains elusive. Subsidizing unskilled labor would give the most favorable result in terms of real GDP and employment, but the worst in terms of environmental effects. Transfers targeted toward poorer households have the best distributional and environmental impacts, but do not lead to increases in GDP or employment. Thus there is scope to create additional benefits for society through the various environmental fiscal reform options studied, but there is no option that clearly outperforms the others in all respects.

  • 145.
    Salman, A. Khalik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Shukur, Ghazi
    von Bergman-Winberg, Marie-Louise
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Estimating domestic international tourism demand in the objective 6 region in Sweden:: A time seires analysis2004Book (Other scientific)
  • 146.
    Salman, Khalik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    A Macroeconomics Model and Stabilisation Policies for OPEC countries: With Special Reference to the Iraqi Economy1999Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    First published in 1999, this book focuses on the macroeconomics issues which directly affect OPEC countries, aiming to set them in the context of the overall development effort. The most extant theoretical and empirical aspects in macroeconomics are integrated smoothly with institutional issues and policy questions. The analysis is illustrated through examples to show how the theories relate to the real world, especially to ongoing debates on developing economies as well as debates that encompass both developing and OPEC and developed countries.

  • 147.
    Salman, Khalik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    An Introduction to the Mathematical Economics1991Book (Other scientific)
  • 148.
    Salman, Khalik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Estimating tourism demands through cointegration analysis model: Swedish Data.2003In: Current Issues in Tourism Journal, ISSN 1368-3500, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 323-339Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 149.
    Salman, Khalik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Arnesson, Leif
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Shukur, Ghazi
    Coach succession and team performance; the impact of ability and timing: Swedish ice hockey data2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to identify a function for the team performance for professional ice hockey teams in Sweden. In order to understand how team performance relates to key variables such as coaching ability and coaching experience and succession, the OLS (Ordinary Least Squares) and the more robust quantile regression techniques were used to estimate the team performance for the ice hockey teams. Quarterly data for the period 1975-2006 is used for this purpose. The results have shown that coaching ability has a rather significant positive effect on team performance, and they have also shown that managerial succession during the season is found to have a rather significant negative effect on team performance. We also found a strong correlation between coaching ability and team performance. Moreover, the quantile regression approach provided a better understanding regarding the dynamics of the factors that affect performance and provided more interesting results than the OLS normally does.

  • 150.
    Salman, Khalik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Shukur, Ghazi
    Testing for Granger Causuality between Industrial output and CPI in the presence of Regime shift: Swedish Data2004In: Journal of Economic Studies, ISSN 0144-3585, Vol. 31, no 6, p. 492-499Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we focus on the Granger casuality test in the presence of regime shift. We apply a vector autoregressive (4) model on Swedish series of industrial output and consumer price index for the period 1980:1 - 1998:6. To test for casuality, three different test methods namely the single equation Likelihood Ration test, the systemwise Rao's F-test and the Bootstrap test, have been used in this study. We show that when the assumption of parameter constancy is violated, due to the occurrence of the structural changes, Granger casuality tests can provide misleading inference about the underlining relationship of casuality.

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