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  • 101.
    Forslund, Cecilia
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Med ryggen mot den globala urbaniseringstrenden: En kvalitativ studie om livsstilsföretagande och naturturism i Grövelsjön2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 102.
    Fredman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Finansiering av leder: En översikt med särskilt fokus på fjällen2018Report (Other academic)
  • 103.
    Fredman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Hedblom, Marcus
    Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet.
    Friluftsliv 2014: Nationell undersökning om svenska folkets friluftsvanor2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport redovisar resultaten från en nationell enkätundersökning avseende svenskarnas friluftsvanor år 2014 (december 2013 till november 2014). Enkäten utgör en viktig del i arbetet med uppföljning av friluftsliv i miljömålssystemet samt målen för friluftspolitiken (se Naturvårdsverket, 2014). Undersökningen genomfördes som en elektronisk panelundersökning (8410 intervjuer med personer bosatta i Sverige i åldersintervallet 16-84 år) och utfördes av Mittuniversitetet (i samarbete med undersökningsföretaget Norstat) på uppdrag av Naturvårdsverket. Resultaten redovisas i fyra delar som omfattar (i) friluftslivet enligt nyckelbegreppen (utövande av friluftsliv, deltagande i friluftsaktiviteter, värna och bibehålla värden för friluftslivet, tillgänglighet och buller), (ii) friluftslivet hos olika grupper, (iii) friluftslivet i miljökvalitetsmålen, samt (iv) friluftslivets förändring över tid. Från undersökningen kan bland annat noteras;

     

    - att 83 procent är ute i naturen ”ganska eller mycket ofta” på längre ledigheter, 60 procent på helger och 51 procent på vardagar

     

    - att nöjes- och motionspromenader, vistelser i skog och mark och trädgårdsarbete är de vanligaste friluftsaktiviteterna (bad är populärast på sommaren medan kälkåkning, tur- och längdskidor är populäras på vintern)

     

    - att lövskogar är den naturtyp som uppskattas mest att utöva friluftsliv i, följt av barrskogar, fjäll, odlingslandskapet och myrar (äldre skogar är betydligt mer attraktiva än ungskog och kalhyggen)

     

    - att över hälften av de svarande i hög grad haft upplevelser av trygghet, återhämtning och en naturpräglad miljö vid det senaste friluftstillfället

     

    - att nästan hälften av de svarande i någon grad upplever brist på lämpliga platser eller områden för att ägna sig åt friluftsaktiviteter i den utsträckning man önskar

     

    - att friluftsliv till havs, i skärgård eller till fjälls ofta sker långt från hemmet

     

    - att ca 30 procent har upplevt någon grad av buller vid senaste friluftstillfället (främst från trafik, vägar och flyg)

     

    - att på vardagar är kvinnor ute oftare i naturen än män, äldre personer är ute oftare än yngre, personer bosatta på landsbygden är ute oftare än personer i storstäder, personer utan hemmavarande barn under 18 år är ute oftare än personer med barn i samma ålder, och personer som vuxit upp i Europa är ute oftare i naturen än personer som själva, eller vars far eller mor, växt upp utanför Europa

     

    - att brist på tid är det vanligaste hindret för utövande av friluftsaktiviteter (andra vanliga hinder är att man saknar någon att utöva aktiviteten med, att man saknar lämpliga områden eller familjesituationen)

     

    - att yngre personer har sämre kunskaper om allemansrätten jämfört med äldre personer

     

    - att andelen svenskar som är ute i naturen ”mycket ofta” har minskat sedan år 2007

     

    - att andelen svenskar som ”strövar i skog och mark” minst en gång per år ligger relativt stabilt mellan 70 och 80 procent sedan 1970-talet (tendens till minskning)

     

    - att andelen svenskar som ”motionerat” utomhus har ökat kraftigt sedan början av 1980-talet

  • 104.
    Fredman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Laven, Daniel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Wall-Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Managing Tourism in Protected Areas from a Landscape Perspective: An Exploratory Study from Sweden2013In: Protected Areas and Place Making Conference PROCEEDINGS 2013 / [ed] Magro, T.C., Rodrigues, L.M., Silva Filho, D.F., Polizel, J.L., Leahy, J., 2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 105.
    Fredman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Lundberg, Christine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Wall-Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Naturturism– en växande bransch2014In: Skogen och kulturlandskapet / [ed] Lundqvist, S. & Johnson, L., Alnarp: Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet , 2014Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 106.
    Fredman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Margaryan, Lusine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Exploring the Supply of Nature-Based Tourism in Sweden2013In: Innovation and value creation in experience‐based tourism: Book of proceedings / [ed] Frank Lindberg, 2013, p. 113-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 107.
    Fredman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Margaryan, Lusine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    The Supply of Nature-based Tourism in Sweden: A National Inventory of Service Providers2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report provides a descriptive overview of a national inventory of nature-based tourism (NBT) service providers in Sweden. In order to obtain a representative sample a “geographical distribution” approach was used based on the cooperation of regional tourist bureaus. As a result, contact information of 2060 service providers was received. Following two non-response check-ups and a screening question the effective sample was 1821 NBT service providers (referred to as “companies”) and a follow-up web survey resulted in 648 valid responses. Results from the survey are reported under the following themes: Business operations; Seasonality and geographical distribution; Influence of other land users; The role of National Parks; Nature and wildlife; Infrastructure, access and legal rights; Environmental responsibility; Sales and costs; Employment; The market for nature-based tourism and Networking. Open ended questions are reported in the Appendices. Among the many results presented in the report we like to highlight the following;

     

    • The general impression from the results is that NBT is a rather diversified sector which relies on multiple business operations. Only about 20 % of the companies have one hundred percent of their annual sales from NBT.

     

    • The supply of NBT in Sweden circles around different types of water based activities to a large extent when measured vis-à-vis importance to annual sales. It is also a summer business – between 60-80 % of all respondents ranked the months June-September as the most important season.

     

    • Guided activities in nature and accommodation are ranked as the most important business activities while fishing, kayaking, canoeing and/or rafting are the most important recreation activities.

     

    • Future growth of the Swedish NBT sector is likely. While 37 % of the companies classified themselves as being in a growth phase and 6 % in start-up, only 8 % were in recession and 2 % in liquidation.

     

    • The counties in Sweden having the highest absolute number of NBT service providers are Västra Götaland, Norrbotten, Jämtland and Östergötland.

     

    • The majority of the companies are dependent on access to land with an external ownership. The freedom to roam in nature is very important to three-quarters of all respondents while only four percent think this opportunity is of no importance at all. Hiking trails and cabins are the most important types of infrastructure.

     

    • Three most important nature environments for NBT operations in Sweden are forests, lakes, rivers and waterfalls. Hydroelectric dams, wind power plants and forestry are among the land and water uses which are the most negative to the companies in this study.

     

    • Between 5-15 % of all NBT companies in this study are engaged in environmental responsibility programs such as sustainability reporting, CSR or carbon offsetting measures.

     

    • Looking at the importance of different wildlife we find that fish, birds and moose are the most important. Only about 14 % of the companies report activities within or in the 5 km range from a National Park.

     

    • The average annual sale is close to 2 million SEK among the companies in this study and the total sales of the Swedish NBT sector is estimated as at least 3,6 Billion SEK. There are a small number of large and a large number of small NBT service providers in terms of annual sales.

     

    • Just over 60 % of the companies reports at least one full time year round employment while 40 % have at least one part time year round employment working with NBT operations.

     

    • Most employees are from the county where the company is registered. About one in five companies have employees from other counties in Sweden outside the county where the company is registered while 15 % of the companies report employees from other countries than Sweden.

     

    • Majority of the sales are from the private market segment. On average, about 14 % of the companies report heavy reliance (proportion of 80-100%) on customers from the same county where the company is registered. In contrast, only about 5 % report the same reliance on customers from Sweden outside the county where the company is registered. Finally, 17 % report similar proportion of customers from countries other than Sweden (international customers).

     

    • Besides Sweden the most important foreign markets are Germany, Denmark, the Netherlands and Norway. Only a few percent of the companies report more distant markets such as Asia or the USA.

     

    • Around 22 % of the companies cooperate with the Swedish Ecotourism Association (Svenska ekoturismföreningen), the Federation of Swedish Farmers (LRF) and the Swedish Tourism Association (STF) respectively. It is less common to be affiliated with the Swedish hospitality industry (Visita) or a forest owner association.

     

    • Almost half of all respondents were working in another non-service company immediately prior to starting/getting employed by the current NBT company. Only one third worked in another service or tourist company.

     

    • 39 % of all respondents have at least one year of experience from the NBT sector before they started the company or became an employee of the company where they currently work.
  • 108.
    Fredman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Sandell, Klas
    Karlstads universitet.
    Predicting Outdoor Recreation – Experts vs. the Public2016In: Monitoring and Management of Visitors in Recreational and Protected Areas, Abstract Book / [ed] Đorđije Vasiljević, 2016, p. 170-172Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 109.
    Fredman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Stenseke, Marie
    Göteborgs universitet.
    KLas, Sandell
    Karlstads universitet.
    Friluftsliv i förändring: Studier från svenska upplevelselandskap2014 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
  • 110.
    Fredman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Stenseke, Marie
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Sandell, Klas
    Karlstads universitet.
    Friluftsliv i förändring: Resultat från ett forskningsprogram - slutrapport2013Report (Other academic)
  • 111.
    Fredman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Wall-Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Sandell, Klas
    Karlstad universitet.
    Lundberg, Christine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Bodén, Bosse
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Dahlberg, Annika
    Stockholm universitet.
    Besök och besökare i fjällen: Resultat från en undersökning avseende svenskarnas fritidsaktiviteter i fjällen, besök i olika fjällområden, landskapsrelationer, fjällen i sociala medier, upplevelser av vindkraft och attityder till skyddad natur2014Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Förord

    I den här rapporten redovisas några första sammanställningar från en nationell enkätundersökning avseende svenskarnas fritidsaktiviteter i fjällen, deras besök i olika fjällområden, landskapsrelationer, fjällens roll i sociala medier, upplevelser av vindkraft och attityder till skyddad natur. Enkäten ingår som en del i projekten "Bortom konflikter" och "Den nya fjällupplevelsen" inom ramen för Naturvårdsverkets forskningssatsning"Storslagen fjällmiljö" (www.storslagnafjall.se). Utifrån materialet i denna rapport kommer framöver olika fördjupningar och kompletteringar att göras, vilka kommer redovisas påolika sätt–vetenskapligt och populärvetenskapligt. Det är vår förhoppning att dessa studier blir en viktig del i referensramen för alla de beslut som fattas av myndigheter, företag och politiker när det gäller det fortsatta arbetet för en hållbar utveckling i fjällen. För dagens och framtidens grupper, aktiviteter och ideal kommer att avgöra hur hållbar utvecklingen blir–och dagens besökare i fjällen är här en av nyckelgrupperna.

  • 112.
    Fredman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Wikström, Daniel
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Besök och besökare i Fulufjällets nationalpark sommaren 2014 (med jämförelser åren 2001 och 2003)2015Report (Other academic)
  • 113.
    Fredman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Wolf-Watz, Daniel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Sandell, Klas
    Karlstad Universitet.
    Wall-Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Lundberg, Christine
    University of Surrey.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Dagens miljömål och framtidens fjällupplevelser: Iakttagelser av aktivitetsmönster, landskapsrelationer och kommunikationsformer2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten "Dagens miljömål och framtidens fjällupplevelser – Iakttagelser av aktivitetsmönster, landskapsrelationer och kommunikationsformer" ger inledningsvis en bakgrund till fjällupplevelser och en genomgång av de metoder som använts i projektet. Därefter följer en beskrivning av de förändringar forskarna anser kunna se i de olika datamaterial som samlats in, följt av en diskussion av dagens miljökvalitetsmål i förhållande till framtidens fjällupplevelser.

  • 114.
    Frisk, Linnea
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Johansson Borg, Stina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Informationsbehovet hos Vemdalens vintergäster: En fallstudie om hur turister söker information före och under vistelsen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 115.
    Fristedt, Henrik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Turister på en aktiv semester: En fältstudie om karaktärsdrag, motiv och upplevelsen hos turister på en aktiv semester2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 116.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    A Business Intelligence-Based Destination Management Information System: The Case of Åre, Sweden2014Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 117.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Electronic Tourism: A state of the art report from Sweden2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 118.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Kunskapsdestinationen – kunskap om gästen Nordisk genom business intelligence2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 119.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    The IFITT Knowledge Bank –Lifelong Learning with IFITT2013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 120.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Abadzhiev, Andrey
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Svensson, Bo
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Höpken, Wolfram
    Universtiy of Applied Sience, Weingarten-Ravensburg, Germany.
    A knowledge-based paradigm for the governance of destination sustainability2017In: Changing Paradigms in the Sustainable Mountain Tourism Research: Problems and Perspectives / [ed] Harald Pechlaner, Peter Keller, Sabine Pichler, Klaus Weiermair, Berlin: Erich Schmidt Verlag, 2017, 1, p. 13-42Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 121.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Abadzhiev, Andrey
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Svensson, Bo
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Höpken, Wolfram
    University of Applied Science Weingarten-Ravensburg.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    A knowledge destination framework for tourism sustainability2013In: Tourism, ISSN 1332-7461, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 121-148Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on Grant's (1996) knowledge-based view of the fi rm, Jafari's (2001) knowledge-based platform ofthinking and Schianetz, Kavanagh and Lockington (2007a) Learning Tourism Destination, the KnowledgeDestination Framework (Höpken, Fuchs, Keil & Lexhagen, 2011) is introduced and a Web-based DestinationManagement Information system (DMIS) is presented. It is illustrated how knowledge creation,exchange and application processes can be improved by applying a Business Intelligence approach. By focusingon Online-Analytical Processing (OLAP), exemplarily for the Swedish tourism destination of Åre, it ishighlighted how DMIS can be used as a monitor for measuring the proportion of tourists with the smallestecological footprint (Dolnicar, Crouch & Long, 2008; Dolnicar & Leisch, 2008). After a discussion of studylimitations, future research steps are outlined. Th e paper concludes by providing some critical remarks on thepolitical economics of sustainability on a global scale and by outlining policy implications for the governanceof sustainability at the level of tourism destinations.

  • 122.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Baggio, Rodolfo
    Bocconi University, Italy.
    Aesthetical, ethical and psychological dimensions of creativity: Implications for destination development and tourism entrepreneurship2018In: Destination Dynamics 2018: Abstract book, 2018, p. 76-76Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 123.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Baggio, Rodolfo
    Bocconi University, Italy.
    Creativity and Tourism Networks: A Contribution to a Post-Mechanistic Economic Theory2017In: Critical Tourism Studies VII Conference: Understand Tourism - Change Tourism - Understand Ourselves - Change Ourselves, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We criticize ‘orthodox’ economic theory byapplying the philosophical framework developed by K.H. Brodbeck (2008; 2012). Accordingly,we argue that creativity represents the core activity conducted within theboundaries of socio-economic networks. After discussing the changing notion of creativity throughout history ofthinking, the elements of a post-mechanistic economic framework are presented. Bydoing so, we elaborate on the idea that market economies are complex networksystems of interacting agents (individuals, organisations). In the second part,we conduct network analysis to assess network topologies of European tourismdestinations. By applying the network metric Simmelian brokerage (Latora et al. 2013), we show how network closureand structural holes can affect humans’ creativity. Findings reveal that European destinations show serious creativity gaps.

  • 124.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Baggio, Rodolfo
    Bocconi University, Italy.
    The Role of Beauty and Creativity for Innovative Places: A Network Analysis Perspective2017In: ATLAS Americas Conference 2017, Tourism and Creativity: New Opportunities for Developing Latin America, 2017, p. 12-14Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 125.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Chekalina, Tatiana
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Höpken, Wolfram
    University of Ravensburg-Weingarten.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Customer based brand equity modelling for big data analytics in tourism destinations: a case from Sweden2015In: The t-Forum 2015 Global conference: Tourism intelligence in action, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 126.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Chekalina, Tatiana
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Höpken, Wolfram
    University of Ravensburg-Weingarten.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Value co-creation modelling for big data analytics: the destination management information system Åre2014In: The values of tourism / [ed] Budeanu, A., Möckel, M. & Gimothy, S. (eds.)., 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 127.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Fredman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ioannides, Dimitri
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Tourism PhD Studies: A Swedish Experience-Based Perspective2015In: Tourism Education: Global Issues and Trends, Tourism Social Science Series, Volume 21 / [ed] Pauline J. Sheldon , Cathy H. C. Hsu, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2015, p. 61-79Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter offers an experience-based report about the development of the first Scandinavian PhD program in tourism studies at Mid-Sweden University. This process is documented through a framework which, rather than having the coherence of a single clearly bounded discipline, focuses on tourism as a study areaencompassing multiple disciplines. Tourism knowledge is derived through a synthesis of fact-oriented positivist methodologies and critical theory. The theoretical framework employed to develop the graduate program in tourism studies is presented by critically discussing its multidisciplinary base and briefly outlining future veins of further development.

  • 128.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Höpken, Wolfram
    Eybl, Alexander
    Flöck, Andreas
    Online Auctions for selling accommodation packages: A Readiness-Intensity-Impact Analysis2014In: Information and Communication Technologies in Tourism 2014: Proceedings of the International Conference in Dublin, Ireland, January 21-24, 2014 / [ed] Xiang, Zheng, Tussyadiah, Iis, New York: Springer, 2014, p. 813-826Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 129.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Höpken, Wolfram
    University of Applied Sciences Weingarten-Ravensburg.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    A Business Intelligence Application for Knowledge Generation in Tourism Destinations – A Case from Sweden2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 130.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Höpken, Wolfram
    Universtiy of Applied Sience, Weingarten-Ravensburg, Germany.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Applying Business Intelligence for Knowledge Generation in Tourism Destinations2016In: Big Data & Business Intelligence in the Travel & Tourism Industry / [ed] Matthias Fuchs & Wolfram Höpken, Mid Sweden University , 2016, p. 19-26Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 131.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Höpken, Wolfram
    University of Ravensburg-Weingarten.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Applying business intelligence for knowledge generation in tourism destinations: - A case study from Sweden2014In: Tourism and Leisure: Current issues and perspectives of development / [ed] H. Pechlaner and E. Smeral, Springer Gabler, 2014, p. 161-174Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 132.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Höpken, Wolfram
    Univ Appl Sci Ravensburg Weingarten, Weingarten, Germany.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Big data analytics for knowledge generation in tourism destinations: A case from Sweden2014In: Journal of Destination Marketing and Management, ISSN 2212-571X, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 198-209Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a knowledge infrastructure which has recently been implemented as a genuine novelty at the leading Swedish mountain tourism destination, Åre. By applying a Business Intelligence approach, the Destination Management Information System Åre (DMIS-Åre) drives knowledge creation and application as a precondition for organizational learning at tourism destinations. Schianetz, Kavanagh, and Lockington’s (2007) concept of the ‘Learning Tourism Destination’ and the ‘Knowledge Destination Framework’ introduced by Höpken, Fuchs, Keil, and Lexhagen (2011) build the theoretical fundament for the technical architecture of the presented Business Intelligence application.

    After having introduced the development process of indicators measuring destination performance as well as customer behaviour and experience, the paper highlights how DMIS-Åre can be used by tourism managers to gain new knowledge about customer-based destination processes focused on pre- and post-travel phases, like “Web-Navigation”, “Booking” and “Feedback”. After a concluding discussion about the various components building the prototypically implemented BI-based DMIS infrastructure with data from destination stakeholders, the agenda of future research is sketched. The agenda considers, for instance, the application of real-time Business Intelligence to gain real-time knowledge on tourists’ on-site behaviour at tourism destinations.

  • 133.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Höpken, Wolfram
    University of Ravensburg-Weingarten.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Business intelligence for destinations: Creating knowledge from social media2017In: Advances in social media for travel, tourism and hospitality: new perspectives, practice and cases / [ed] M. Sigala,U. Gretzel and E. Christou, Routledge, 2017, p. 290-310Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to an increasing number of online reviews in social media sites it has become vital for destinations, and businesses alike, to capture and regularly analyse these reviews to gain valuable new knowledge as input to managerial decision support. However, in practice, the possibility to manually extract and analyse the vast amount of available online reviews is fairly limited. Thus, the focus of this chapter is to highlight how knowledge from social media is utilized in the prototypically implemented destination management information system, DMIS-Åre. In order to extract and analyse user generated content from the social media platforms TripAdvisor.comand Booking.com a recently validated framework applying machine learning methods and a dictionary-based approach is presented.

  • 134.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Höpken, Wolfram
    Universtiy of applied research, Weingarten-Ravensburg, Germany.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Dynamic Need Fulfillment in a Collaborative Destination Environment2016In: Big Data & Business Intelligence in the Travel & Tourism Industry / [ed] Matthias Fuchs & Wolfram Höpken, Mid-Sweden University , 2016, p. 97-100Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 135.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Kronenberg, Kai
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Kühne, Sven
    Rieder, Bernd
    Human-Resource-Management as Driver behind Employee Satisfaction and Organisational Performance: A Causal Analysis from the Tyrolean Hotel Sector2016In: Inkluderande och hållbart arbetsliv: Book of abstracts – FALF 2016, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 136.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Lexhagen, MariaMid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.Höpken, WolframUniverstiy of Applied Sience, Weingarten-Ravensburg, Germany.
    Proceedings of the IFITTtalk@Östersund Workshop on Big Data & Business Intelligence in the Travel & Tourism Industry2016Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
  • 137.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Sigala, Marianna
    University of South Australia.
    Evolution of e-Tourism Curricula and major implications for career opportunities2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 138.
    Funseth, Julia
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Lundin, Johanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Evenemangslivscykelns tillämpbarhet: En fallstudie om svenska evenemangs utvecklingsförlopp2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 139.
    Gabrielsson, Karolina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Turismen i Göteborg2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 140.
    Geijtenbeek, Marten
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Lindgren, Stina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Hållbar utveckling genom samverkan: En fallstudie av besöksnäringen och rennäringen i Bergs kommun2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 141. Gelbman, A
    et al.
    Laven, Daniel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Alternative Social Tourism Development: A Case Study of a Small-scale Venture in Nazareth2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 142. Gelbman, A
    et al.
    Laven, Daniel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Community Based Tourism, Heritage, and Peace: A Case Study of a Hostel in the Old City of Nazareth2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 143. Gelbman, A
    et al.
    Laven, Daniel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Reconciliation and Development: A Case Study of a Small-scale Tourism Venture in Nazareth2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 144.
    Gelbman, Alon
    et al.
    Department of Tourism and Hotel Management, Kinneret College on the Sea of Galilee, M.P. Emek, Hayarden, Israel .
    Laven, Daniel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Re-envisioning community-based heritage tourism in the old city of Nazareth2016In: Journal of Heritage Tourism, ISSN 1743-873X, E-ISSN 1747-6631, Vol. 11, p. 105-125Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study specifically examines the potential for heritage tourism development topromote cross-cultural dialog in the historic old city of Nazareth (Israel). The paperfocuses on a case study of a small-scale heritage tourism venture that seeksto influence tourism development in Nazareth’s old city. This is an exploratorycase study that uses qualitative research methods including extensive participantobservation and in-depth interviews with the venture’s senior management group andselected employees. Study findings indicate a model of the relationship betweencommunity-based tourism development, heritage, and peace-building in a city thathas experienced a wide range of cross-cultural conflicts. This model represents analternative view to the notion that heritage serves to enhance differences anddissonance between different cultural groups. In contrast, findings from this studysuggest that heritage in the form of tourism can help create shared interests betweendifferent communities in settings characterized by cross-cultural conflict.

  • 145.
    Gielen, Nadinka
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Destination Ljungandalen: Turism och destinationsutveckling i Ånge kommun2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 146.
    Godtman Kling, Kristin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Biking Men and Walking Women: A Gender Perspective on Outdoor Recreation Participation in the Swedish Mountains2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 147.
    Godtman Kling, Kristin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Forskningsläget kring leder för rekreation - en litteraturstudie2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En litteraturstudie om forskningsläget kring leder för rekreation i icke-urbana områden, där 194 engelskspråkiga akademiska artiklar i nätbaserade databaser granskades. Resultaten från litteraturstudien visar att den geografiska spridningen på forskningen om rekreationsleder är begränsad, där forskningen koncentreras på Nordamerika och Australien. Studier om leder för rekreation handlar främst om naturvetenskapliga aspekter av leder, så som miljömässiga konsekvenser av led-baserade aktiviteter och det finns generellt lite forskning på samhällsvetenskapliga aspekter av leder.

  • 148.
    Godtman Kling, Kristin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Paths to collaboration? A Study on Multifunctional Mountain Trails2019Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Trails in natural areas constitute an essential resource in tourism as they provide infrastructure for both tourists and tourism companies. Trails allow access to nature and increase safety for visitors by guiding them to the appropriate route, where places of danger are avoided and the risk of damaging ecologically sensitive areas minimized. Even so, touristic activities in natural settings are today increasing and are more diversified as there are many ‘new’ activities becoming accessible for more people, for example mountain biking, trail-running and mountaineering. These trends and changes in tourism and outdoor recreation have resulted in an increase of trail-use, which in turn entails more trail-based conflicts. Conflicts occur between different recreational activities that use the same trail, but also between trail-based recreationists and other land-use interests. Thus, planners and managers of natural areas increasingly have to handle conflicts related to trail-use. Although conflicts relating to trails are becoming more common, research on trails as a conflict management tool is limited. Research has mainly focused on conflicts between trail-based recreation activities, and not on how the trail itself can be used to handle conflicts between land-use interests. As a number of land-use interests use the trail for various purposes, it can be argued that the multi-faceted features and flexible characteristics that constitute a trail can be helpful in handling such conflicts. The point of departure for this licentiate thesis is the assumption that trails in the natural landscape can function as a conflict management tool. Through the recreational trail, dialogue and discussions are made possible among stakeholders. Trails can therefore function as facilitators for communication, and thus enhance the possibilities of building trust and promoting collaboration between actors.

    The results of this thesis derive from a case study of the southern Jämtland mountains in Sweden, an area where conflicts of interests exist. There are several different interests and perspectives on how the mountain landscape should be used, perspectives including those of tourism companies, reindeer herding, nature conservation interests and local population. The trails in the area are, however, important to all stakeholder groups, and collaboration around the trails is therefore examined in this thesis as an applied example where stakeholders communicate and negotiate.

    Data for this thesis was collected by working closely with stakeholders in the area and by organizing workshops where different interests could meet and discuss issues relating to trails. Results show that creating platforms for collaboration and dialogue are important for increasing the understanding between different interests represented within stakeholder groups. Such platforms can therefore be highly valuable in handling conflicts regarding land-use.

    This licentiate thesis contributes to increased knowledge on the multi-faceted roles of trails intended for tourism and outdoor recreation. This is achieved by the examination of international trail research to identify research gaps, together with the analysis of trails as a tool for collaboration and communication to handle land-use conflicts. The thesis contributes to the existing literature on handling multiple land-use interests, and adds to previous knowledge by taking on a rather new approach; that of the recreational trail as a facilitator for communication.

  • 149.
    Godtman Kling, Kristin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Fredman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Wall-Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Trails for Tourism and Outdoor Recreation: A Systematic Literature Review2017In: Tourism, ISSN 1332-7461, Vol. 65, no 4, p. 488-508Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Trails are important elements in the natural and cultural landscape, and many ancient pathways have developed into routes of great significance for recreation and tourism in contemporary societies. By conducting a systematic quantitative literature review, this paper report on the status of international trail research and analyzes some of the key content with focus on trails for tourism and outdoor recreation in non-urban settings. For this purpose, we reviewed 195 research papers published in peer-reviewed academic journals. Results show that research on trails for tourism and outdoor recreation is primarily from English-speaking Western countries. The most studied trail-based activity is hiking, but there has been an increase in the number of studies researching multiple activities. Results also show that international trail research to a large extent is based on the natural sciences, and focus on environmental and managerial aspects of trail use. This review identifies gaps in trail research, especially in a socio-cultural context on topics such as heritage and public health. Research on conflicts between different recreational trail-based activities is also relatively scarce, as well as studies concerning conflicts between trail-based recreation interests and other land-use interests. We also identify a need for an exploration of the trail concept, as research has not yet articulated a clear definition of what a trail is. The paper also includes analyses of changes in trail-related research over time.

  • 150.
    Godtman Kling, Kristin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Margaryan, Lusine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    (In) equality in the outdoors: gender perspective on recreation and tourism media in the Swedish mountains2018In: Current Issues in Tourism, ISSN 1368-3500, E-ISSN 1747-7603Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines gender differences in participation in various outdoor recreation and tourism activities in the Swedish mountain region, and how these activities are portrayed from a gender perspective on the websites of five major tourist destinations. Spending time in nature has been linked to better health and well-being, and this article contributes to research on the unequal opportunities women and men have in taking part of such advantages. Results show that there is a gender difference in both participation and in representation of outdoor recreation. The observed gender difference is not only in line with the traditional heteronormativity but also suggests that new trends in outdoor recreation are further favoring traditionally masculine modes of engagement with nature. This suggests the need for re-thinking not only gender norms but also human relationships with nature in general.

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