miun.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
1234567 101 - 150 of 836
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 101.
    Borin, Niklas
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Eliasson, Alice
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Hur vi ser på kvinnor och män: En eye-trackingstudie om implicita fördomar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 102.
    Boström, Gabriella
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Ruder, Lisen
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Normbrytande och diskriminerad: En studie om kvinnliga stereotyper och ambivalent sexism under kognitiv belastning2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 103. Boström, Lena
    Lärstilar, undervisning och handledning2008 (ed. 1)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 104.
    Boström, Lena
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Calissendorff, Maria
    University College of Music Education in Stockholm.
    Learning Styles in Nordic Research: Theoretical Origins and Empirical Observations on Grammar and Music: Paper presented at the ELSIN-conference 2010, Aviero, Portugal2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The term Learning Styles as become widely recognised over the past two decades, and its application is extensive throughout Scandinavia in both schools and the business sector. There are increasing calls to culturally validate, contextualize, review and critically examine this pedagogical theory. This article reports, examines and compares the two existing dissertations in Scandinavia on Dunn's Learning Styles model. As the two theses are very different in character and approach, the research-related designs are also analyzed in the light of the achieved results. This article is based on an exploratory analysis and is reanalytical; in other words, the results are based on past research and our own analytical contributions. The findings in this article have emerged in the encounter between past research and our understanding of Learning Styles theory and its practical application, after a couple of years' distance from our basic research. With the help of a linguistic and discursive perspective, the distinction between the common approaches, qualitatively and qualitatively, can be minimized and an integrative approach to Learning Styles theory can be identified. Against this background there is a discussion on challenges and opportunities to using the Learning Styles theory in Scandinavia for development and review as well as in a cultural context. The findings in this article are that Dunn's Learning Styles model can be used practically and methodically in our school culture in relation to the individualization our governing documents stipulate. The model can furthermore be modified to incorporate in its definition both theoretical knowledge and practical skills that are difficult and new. A continuous review of the model, however, demands a broad, single methodological perspective.

  • 105. Boëthius, Göran
    et al.
    Lisspers, Jan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Weimer, Kerstin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Operation Tobaksfri: Avvänjningsstöd till patienter som ska genomgå operation2005Report (Other scientific)
  • 106.
    Brobeck, Sofie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Samani, Helena
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Transformativt ledarskap och empowerment i förändringsprocesser2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 107. Broman, J
    et al.
    Lundh, Lars-Gunnar
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Vicious cycles of sleeplessness: A new scale for insomnia: Meeting abstract2003In: Sleep, 2003, p. A298-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 108.
    Bruksner, Jesper
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Det karismatiska ledarskapets påverkan på arbetsmotivation inom en myndighets kundtjänst: En kvantitativ studie som undersöker sambandet mellan det karismatiska ledarskapet och arbetsmotivation hos medarbetarna2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 109.
    Burell, Gunilla
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Öhman, Arne
    Karolinska institutet.
    Sundin, Örjan
    Uppsala universitet.
    Ström, G
    Ramund, B
    ICullhed,
    C EThoresen,
    Modification of the type A behavior pattern in post-myocardial infarction patients: A route to cardiac rehabilitation1994In: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, ISSN 1070-5503, E-ISSN 1532-7558, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 32-54Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 110.
    By, Kerstin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    ”Hur ser du ut?” – En eyetrackingstudie om kroppsuppfattning och uppmärksamhetsbias2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 111.
    Byström, Beatrice
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Samband mellan boendekonstellation och emotionella problem hos barn2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 112.
    Bäckebjörk, Maria
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Åberg, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Upplevelser av ledarskap i familjeföretag beroende på om den anställda harfamiljära band eller är utomstående2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 113.
    Bänziger, Tanja
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Accuracy of judging emotions2016In: The Social Psychology of Perceiving Others Accurately / [ed] Hall, Judith A.; Schmid Mast, Marianne; West, Tessa V., Cambridge University Press , 2016, p. 23-51Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 114.
    Bänziger, Tanja
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology. Mid Sweden University.
    Hosoya, Georg
    Free Univ Berlin, Dept Educ Sci & Psychol, Berlin, Germany..
    Scherer, Klaus R.
    Univ Geneva, Swiss Ctr Affect Sci, Geneva, Switzerland..
    Path Models of Vocal Emotion Communication2015In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 10, no 9, article id e0136675Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose to use a comprehensive path model of vocal emotion communication, encompassing encoding, transmission, and decoding processes, to empirically model data sets on emotion expression and recognition. The utility of the approach is demonstrated for two data sets from two different cultures and languages, based on corpora of vocal emotion enactment by professional actors and emotion inference by naive listeners. Lens model equations, hierarchical regression, and multivariate path analysis are used to compare the relative contributions of objectively measured acoustic cues in the enacted expressions and subjective voice cues as perceived by listeners to the variance in emotion inference from vocal expressions for four emotion families (fear, anger, happiness, and sadness). While the results confirm the central role of arousal in vocal emotion communication, the utility of applying an extended path modeling framework is demonstrated by the identification of unique combinations of distal cues and proximal percepts carrying information about specific emotion families, independent of arousal. The statistical models generated show that more sophisticated acoustic parameters need to be developed to explain the distal underpinnings of subjective voice quality percepts that account for much of the variance in emotion inference, in particular voice instability and roughness. The general approach advocated here, as well as the specific results, open up new research strategies for work in psychology (specifically emotion and social perception research) and engineering and computer science (specifically research and development in the domain of affective computing, particularly on automatic emotion detection and synthetic emotion expression in avatars).

  • 115.
    Bänziger, Tanja
    et al.
    University of Geneva, Switzerland; Uppsala University.
    Mortillaro, Marcello
    Scherer, Klaus R.
    Introducing the Geneva Multimodal Expression corpus for experimental research on emotion perception. 2012In: Emotion, ISSN 1528-3542, E-ISSN 1931-1516, Vol. 12, no 5, p. 1161-1179Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on the perception of emotional expressions in faces and voices is exploding in psychology, the neurosciences, and affective computing. This article provides an overview of some of the major emotion expression (EE) corpora currently available for empirical research and introduces a new, dynamic, multimodal corpus of emotion expressions, the Geneva Multimodal Emotion Portrayals Core Set (GEMEP-CS). The design features of the corpus are outlined and justified, and detailed validation data for the core set selection are presented and discussed. Finally, an associated database with microcoded facial, vocal, and body action elements, as well as observer ratings, is introduced.

  • 116.
    Bänziger, Tanja
    et al.
    University of Geneva, Switzerland.
    Patel, Sona
    University of Geneva, Switzerland.
    Scherer, Klaus R.
    University of Geneva, Switzerland.
    The Role of Perceived Voice and Speech Characteristics in Vocal Emotion Communication.2014In: Journal of nonverbal behavior, ISSN 0191-5886, E-ISSN 1573-3653, Vol. 38, no 1, p. 31-52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aiming at a more comprehensive assessment of nonverbal vocal emotion communication, this article presents the development and validation of a new rating instrument for the assessment of perceived voice and speech features. In two studies, using two different sets of emotion portrayals by German and French actors, ratings of perceived voice and speech characteristics (loudness, pitch, intonation, sharpness, articulation, roughness, instability, and speech rate) were obtained from non-expert (untrained) listeners. In addition, standard acoustic parameters were extracted from the voice samples. Overall, highly similar patterns of results were found in both studies. Rater agreement (reliability) reached highly satisfactory levels for most features. Multiple discriminant analysis results reveal that both perceived vocal features and acoustic parameters allow a high degree of differentiation of the actor-portrayed emotions. Positive emotions can be classified with a higher hit rate on the basis of perceived vocal features, confirming suggestions in the literature that it is difficult to find acoustic valence indicators. The results show that the suggested scales (Geneva Voice Perception Scales) can be reliably measured and make a substantial contribution to a more comprehensive assessment of the process of emotion inferences from vocal expression.

  • 117.
    Bänziger, Tanja
    et al.
    University of Geneva, Switzerland.
    Scherer, Klaus, R.
    University of Geneva, Switzerland.
    Hall, Judith, A.
    Northeastern University, USA.
    Rosenthal, Robert
    University of California, USA.
    Introducing the MiniPONS: A Short Multichannel Version of the Profile of Nonverbal Sensitivity (PONS).2011In: Journal of nonverbal behavior, ISSN 0191-5886, E-ISSN 1573-3653, Vol. 35, no 3, p. 189-204Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite extensive research activity on the recognition of emotional expression, there are only few validated tests of individual differences in this competence (generally considered as part of nonverbal sensitivity and emotional intelligence). This paper reports the development of a short, multichannel, version (MiniPONS) of the established Profile of Nonverbal Sensitivity (PONS) test. The full test has been extensively validated in many different cultures, showing substantial correlations with a large range of outcome variables. The short multichannel version (64 items) described here correlates very highly with the full version and shows reasonable construct validity through significant correlations with other tests of emotion recognition ability. Based on these results, the role of nonverbal sensitivity as part of a latent trait of emotional competence is discussed and the MiniPONS is suggested as a convenient method to perform a rapid screening of this central socioemotional competence.

  • 118.
    Calvo, Manuel
    et al.
    University of La Laguna, Spain.
    Esteves, Francisco
    University Lusofona of Humanities and Technologies, Portugal.
    Detection of emotional faces: low perceptual thresholds and wide attentional span2005In: Visual cognition (Print), ISSN 1350-6285, E-ISSN 1464-0716, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 13-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In two experiments, prime face stimuli with an emotional or a neutral expression were presented individually for 25 to 125 ms, either in foveal or parafoveal vision; following a mask, a probe face or a word label appeared for recognition. Accurate detection and sensitivity (A') were higher for angry, happy, and sad faces than for nonemotional (neutral) or novel (scheming) faces at short exposure times (25-75 ms), in both the foveal and the parafoveal field, and with both the probe face and the probe word. These results indicate that there is a low perceptual threshold for unambiguous emotional faces, which are especially likely to be detected both within and outside the focus of attention; and that this facilitated detection involves processing of the affective meaning of faces, not only discrimination of formal visual features.

  • 119. Carlsson, Katrin
    et al.
    Petersson, Karl Magnus
    Lundqvist, Daniel
    Karlsson, Andreas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ingvar, Martin
    Öhman, Arne
    Fear and the Amygdala: Manipulation of Awareness Generates Differential Cerebral Responses to Phobic and Fear-Relevant (but Nonfeared) Stimuli2004In: Emotion, ISSN 1528-3542, Vol. 4, no 4, p. 340-353Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rapid response to danger holds an evolutionary advantage. In this positron emission tomography study, phobics were exposed to masked visual stimuli with timings that either allowed awareness or not of either phobic, fear-relevant (e.g., spiders to snake phobics), or neutral images. When the timing did not permit awareness, the amygdala responded to both phobic and fear-relevant stimuli. With time for more elaborate processing, phobic stimuli resulted in an addition of an affective processing network to the amygdala activity, whereas no activity was found in response to fear-relevant stimuli. Also, right prefrontal areas appeared deactivated, comparing aware phobic and fear-relevant conditions. Thus, a shift from top-down control to an affectively driven system optimized for speed was observed in phobic relative to fear-relevant aware processing. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract)

  • 120.
    Carneiro, Maria Paula
    et al.
    Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias, Lisboa, Portugal.
    Albuquerque, Pedro
    Universidade do Minho, Braga, Portugal.
    Fernandez, Angel
    Universidade de Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain.
    Esteves, Francisco
    Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias, Lisboa, Portugal.
    Normas de associação livre de 16 palavras portuguesas para crianças de diferentes faixas etárias2004In: Laboratório de Psicologia, E-ISSN 1646-6004, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 49-76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [pt]

    Neste estudo são apresentadas as normas de associação livre de 16 palavras portuguesas para 3 faixas etárias de crianças – 3/4 anos, 7/8 anos e 11/12 anos – e adultos. As comparações efectuadas entre as faixas etárias revelaram uma diferença significativa entre os 3/4 anos e os 7/8 anos ao nível do número de associados obtidos, provavelmente atribuída a um aumento considerável do vocabulário nesta fase do desenvolvimento. Mudanças conceptuais na organização do conhecimento foram também analisadas, verificando-se nos pré-escolares associações que revelam relações funcionais e um predomínio de relações taxonómicas a partir dos 7/8 anos.

  • 121.
    Carneiro, Paula
    et al.
    Universidade Lusófona, Portugal.
    Albuquerque, Pedro
    Universidade do Minho, Portugal.
    Fernandez, Angel
    Universidad de Salamanca, Spain.
    Esteves, Francisco
    Universidade Lusófona, Portugal.
    Analyzing false memories in children with associative lists specific for their age2007In: Child Development, ISSN 0009-3920, E-ISSN 1467-8624, Vol. 78, no 4, p. 1171-1185Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two experiments attempted to resolve previous contradictory findings concerning developmental trends in false memories within the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm by using an improved methodology--constructing age-appropriate associative lists. The research also extended the DRM paradigm to preschoolers. Experiment 1 (N=320) included children in three age groups (preschoolers of 3-4 years, second-graders of 7-8 years, and preadolescents of 11-12 years) and adults, and Experiment 2 (N=64) examined preschoolers and preadolescents. Age-appropriate lists increased false recall. Although preschoolers had fewer false memories than the other age groups, they showed considerable levels of false recall when tested with age-appropriate materials. Results were discussed in terms of fuzzy-trace, source-monitoring, and activation frameworks.

  • 122.
    Carneiro, Paula
    et al.
    Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias.
    Esteves, Francisco
    Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias.
    Dissociação entre o desenvolvimento da memória explícita e implícita em crianças2001In: Psicologia, Educação e Cultura, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 195-216Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 123.
    Cederlund, Linnea
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Påverkar personlighet chefens arbetstillfredsställelse vid chefskap på distans?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 124.
    Champoux-Larsson, Marie-France
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Perceiving emotions with a bilingual mind2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 125.
    Champoux-Larsson, Marie-France
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology and Social Work.
    Dylman, Alexandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology and Social Work.
    A prosodic bias, not an advantage, in bilinguals' interpretation of emotional prosody2019In: Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, ISSN 1366-7289, E-ISSN 1469-1841, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 416-424Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A bilingual advantage has been found in prosody understanding in pre-school children. To understand this advantage better, we asked 73 children (6-8 years) to identify the emotional valence of spoken words, based on either semantics or emotional prosody (which were either consistent or discrepant with each other). Bilingual experience ranged from no to equal exposure to and use of two languages. Both age and bilingual experience predicted accurate identification of prosody, particularly for trials where the semantics were discrepant with the targeted prosody. Bilingual experience, but not age, predicted a prosodic bias, meaning that participants had more difficulty ignoring the irrelevant discrepant prosody when the task was to identify the semantics of the word. The decline of a semantic bias was predicted by age and bilingual experience together. Our results suggest that previous findings on the bilingual advantage in prosody processing may in fact be driven by a prosodic bias.

  • 126.
    Champoux-Larsson, Marie-France
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology and Social Work.
    Dylman, Alexandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology and Social Work. Stockholms Universitet.
    Bilinguals’ use of semantic and prosodic cues for emotion inference in speech2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recently, a study by Champoux-Larsson and Dylman (2018) showed that the bilingual advantage previously found in the use of emotional prosodic cues in children to infer a speaker’s emotional state (e.g., Yow & Markman, 2011) was driven by a bias towards prosody. Namely, the higher level of bilingualism the participants in ChampouxLarsson and Dylman (2018) had, the more they had difficulty ignoring prosodic emotional cues in spoken words even when they were asked to focus on the semantics of the words. While Misono et al. (1997) found that monolingual adults rely on both semantic and prosodic cues to determine emotion in speech equally, it is not known yet whether this also is true for bilingual adults. In other words, it is unclear whether the prosodic bias found in bilingual children withstands even in adulthood for bilinguals. Thus, we present a study where adults with varying levels of bilingualism were asked to determine the emotional valence of utterances based on the participant’s general impression (i.e., without specifying which cue to use), based on the utterance’s emotional prosody or based on its semantic content. The spoken words’ semantics was positive, negative or neutral and the words were uttered with either a congruent emotional prosody or with an incongruent emotional prosody. Data is currently being prepared for analysis and results will be available within the coming weeks.

  • 127.
    Champoux-Larsson, Marie-France
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology and Social Work.
    Dylman, Alexandra
    Stockholms Universitet.
    Different measurements of bilingualism and their effect on performance on a Simon task.2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 128.
    Champoux-Larsson, Marie-France
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Dylman, Alexandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The use of emotional paralinguistic cues in monolingual and bilingual children2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Until the age of around 7-8 years old, children primarily rely on the lexical content of an utterance rather than on paralinguistic cues (e.g., emotional prosody) to identify a speaker’s emotional state. This bias gradually disappears by the age of 9. From then on, children start using paralinguistic cues to identify their interlocutor’s emotional state, even when the lexical content and paralinguistic cues are incongruent. This skill is important to understand sarcasm and detect lies for instance. Bilinguals must focus on the language used by their interlocutor to determine which language to use, while this is not necessary for monolinguals. This difference could have an effect on how and when the bias disappears for bilinguals. As bilinguals need to be more attentive to the speaker, the bias could disappear earlier. However, as bilinguals need to attend to the language used by the interlocutor to a larger extent, this could hinder emotional prosody processing and delay development. To this end, we designed a study where we asked monolinguals and bilinguals between 6-9 years to identify the emotional valence of spoken words. The words were positive, negative or neutral and were expressed in a happy, angry or neutral tone of voice. The task was to identify either the emotional valence of the word content or the valence of the prosody. Preliminary results show an expected effect of congruence, with more accurate responses to congruent compared to incongruent trials. Further, monolinguals performed better on the lexical content task compared to the emotional prosody task. Although biliguals' overall performance was not better than their monolingual peers, bilingual children seemed to performed equally well on both the lexical content and emotional prosody tasks. Our preliminary results suggest that bilingualism during childhood may affect the course of development of the lexical bias.

  • 129.
    Champoux-Larsson, Marie-France
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Dylman, Alexandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The use of emotional paralinguistic cues in monolingual, unbalanced bilingual and balanced bilingual children2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Between the ages of 4 and 6 years old, children primarily rely on the lexical content of an utterance rather than on paralinguistic cues to identify a speaker’s emotional state. This bias gradually disappears around the age of 7 or 8. From then on, children start using paralinguistic cues in order to identify their interlocutor’s emotional state, even when the lexical content and paralinguistic cues are incongruent. This skill is essential for understanding sarcasm and detecting lies.

    Bilingual speakers need to focus on the language used by their interlocutor in order to determine which language to use, while this choice is considerably easier for monolinguals who only have one language. This could have an effect on how and when the bias disappears for bilinguals. As bilinguals need to be more attentive to the speaker, it is possible that the bias disappears earlier. However, as bilinguals need to allocate more attentional resources to attend to the language itself, this could leave them with fewer resources to process paralinguistic emotional cues.

    In order to investigate this, we asked monolingual and bilingual children between the age of 6 and 8 years to identify the emotional valence of spoken words. The words were positive, negative or neutral and were expressed in a happy, angry or neutral tone of voice. In some blocks, the task was to identify the emotional valence of the word content, and in others, the valence of the prosody, or tone of voice. Bilingual participants were divided according to the level of balance between their two languages (i.e., balanced versus unbalanced exposure) as balancedness has shown to affect task performance. Our preliminary results show that the groups may perform differently in some conditions, suggesting that exposure to one versus several languages may influence the development of emotion identification using paralinguistic cues.

  • 130.
    Champoux-Larsson, Marie-France
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Dylman, Alexandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Esteves, Francisco
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Bilingualism and social flexibility2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 131.
    Champoux-Larsson, Marie-France
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Dylman, Alexandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Esteves, Francisco
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Bilinguals' social flexibility2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 132.
    Champoux-Larsson, Marie-France
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Dylman, Alexandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Esteves, Francisco
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Empirical investigation of the relationship between social flexibility and bilingualismManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 133.
    Champoux-Larsson, Marie-France
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Dylman, Alexandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Esteves, Francisco
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Identification of facial expressions of emotion in bilingual children with different exposures to their languages2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigated the emotional development of bilingual children by measuring balanced and unbalanced 4-year-old bilinguals’ performance on an identification of emotional facial expressions task. A total of 84 children were divided into three groups: balanced bilinguals, unbalanced bilinguals, and monolinguals. Participants completed a computerized task where photographs of faces displaying anger, happiness, sadness, and fear were presented. The groups generally performed in line with previous research, but slightly differently from each other. For all three groups, the results showed that anger and happiness were more accurately identified, while sadness and fear were still difficult to identify for children at this age. However, there were interesting trends suggesting that balanced bilinguals made more refined judgments than the two other groups. Overall, this study supports the idea that the development of bilingual children is similar to their monolingual peers when it comes to learning to identify facial expressions of emotions, but that proportion of exposure to the bilingual child’s languages may lead to slightly different developmental courses.

  • 134.
    Champoux-Larsson, Marie-France
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology and Social Work.
    Dylman, Alexandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology and Social Work.
    Örnkloo, Helena
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology and Social Work.
    Esteves, Francisco
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology and Social Work.
    Identification of facial expressions of emotion by 4-year-old children from different linguistic environments2019In: International Journal of Bilingualism, ISSN 1367-0069, E-ISSN 1756-6878, Vol. 23, no 5, p. 1208-1219Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The current study investigated the identification of facial expressions of emotion, a socio-emotional task that has not previously been examined in children from different linguistic environments. Eighty-four 4-year-olds growing up in one of three linguistic environments (monolingual, dominant bilingual, balanced bilingual) performed a task where they identified facial expressions (happiness, anger, sadness, fear). Accuracy was analysed with a mixed-design analysis of variance using group (monolinguals, dominant bilinguals and balanced bilinguals) and emotion (happy, angry, sad and scared) as between- and within-group variables, respectively. Our results showed a main effect of emotion, but there was no main effect of group. This suggests that 4-year-olds’ linguistic environment does not affect performance on an identification of facial expressions task. This study was the first to investigate the identification of facial expressions of emotion in children coming from different linguistic environments. As the socio-emotional development of bilinguals is not yet well understood, especially regarding the visual perception of emotions, this study is amongst the first to contribute to this area of research. Our results are therefore of significance as a building block for additional studies that should explore the visual perception of emotions in other types of tasks and populations.

  • 135.
    Champoux-Larsson, Marie-France
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Dylman, Alexandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Örnkloo, Helena
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Esteves, Francisco Gomes
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Identification of Facial Expressions of Emotion in Balanced and Unbalanced 4-year-old Bilinguals2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 136.
    Chen, Qi
    et al.
    Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Sjölander, Arvid
    Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Långström, Niklas
    Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Rodriguez, Alina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology. Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom .
    Serlachius, Eva
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden .
    D'Onofrio, Brian M.
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, United States .
    Lichtenstein, Paul
    Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Larsson, Henrik
    Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index and offspring attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a population-based cohort study using a sibling-comparison design2014In: International Journal of Epidemiology, ISSN 0300-5771, E-ISSN 1464-3685, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 83-90Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Methods We conducted a population-based cohort study via linkage of Swedish national and regional registers to investigate maternal pre-pregnancy BMI (underweight: BMI < 18.5; overweight: 25 BMI < 30; obesity: BMI epsilon 30) in relation to offspring ADHD. We followed 673 632 individuals born in Sweden between 1992 and 2000, with prospectively collected information on maternal pre-pregnancy BMI, until they received an ADHD diagnosis or ADHD medication, death, emigration or 31 December 2009. Hazard ratios (HRs) were estimated by Cox proportional hazards models. Stratified Cox proportional hazards models were applied to data on full siblings to control for unmeasured familial confounding. Results At the population level, pre-pregnancy overweight/obesity was associated with increased risk of offspring ADHD (HRoverweight = 1.23, 95% CI = 1.18-1.27, P = 0.01; HRobesity = 1.64, 95% CI = 1.57-1.73, P = 0.01), after adjustment for measured covariates. In full sibling comparisons, however, previously observed associations no longer remained (HRoverweight = 0.98, 95% CI = 0.83-1.16, P = 0.82; HRobesity = 1.15, 95% CI = 0.85-1.56, P = 0.38). Conclusions The results suggested that the association between maternal pre-pregnancy overweight/obesity and offspring ADHD could be ascribed to unmeasured familial confounding.

  • 137.
    Christensen, Tove
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Kan hjärt- och kärlsjukdom hos överskuldsatta prediceras av vital utmattning och depression?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 138.
    Christiansson, Reine
    Mid Sweden University. Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Engagemang i skolan: Kan förbättringar i arbetsmiljön gynna lärarnas prestationer och hälsa?2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Lärare tillhör den yrkesgrupp där stressrelaterad ohälsa ökar som mest. Syftet är att undersöka hur olika faktorer i arbetsmiljön kan bidra till minskad stress och ökat arbetsengagemang. Utifrån Job Demands–Resources (JD-R) modellen skapades frågeställningarna om hur arbetsmiljöfaktorer är relaterade till stress och engagemang och förhållandet dem emellan. Grundskolelärare (N=57) skattades genom frågeformulär. Hierarkisk multipel regressionsanalys och korrelationsanalys användes för att besvara frågeställningar. Resultatet visade på att krav var positivt relaterat med stress, men inte signifikant relaterat med engagemang, och resurser var positivt relaterade med engagemang men inte signifikant relaterade till stress. En interaktionseffekt mellan krav och resurser på stress påvisades bland kvinnor, där resurser hade en buffrade effekt av kravens egenskaper på stress. Något stöd för en association mellan engagemang och stress påvisade inte i undersökningen. Slutsatsen i studien är att resurser kan användas i förbättringar av lärarnas arbetssituation. 

  • 139.
    Christiansson, Reine
    Mid Sweden University. Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Engagemang i skolan: Kan förbättringar i arbetsmiljön gynna lärarnas prestationer och hälsa?2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

     

    Lärare tillhör den yrkesgrupp där stressrelaterad ohälsa ökar som mest. Syftet är att undersöka hur olika faktorer i arbetsmiljön kan bidra till minskad stress och ökat arbetsengagemang. Utifrån Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) modellen skapades frågeställningarna om hur arbetsmiljöfaktorer är relaterade till stress och engagemang och förhållandet dem emellan. Grundskolelärare (N=57) skattades genom frågeformulär. Hierarkisk multipel regressionsanalys och korrelationsanalys användes för att besvara frågeställningar. Resultatet visade på att krav var positivt relaterat med stress, men inte signifikant relaterat med engagemang, och resurser var positivt relaterade med engagemang men inte signifikant relaterade till stress. En interaktionseffekt mellan krav och resurser på stress påvisades bland kvinnor, där resurser hade en buffrade effekt av kravens egenskaper på stress. Något stöd för en association mellan engagemang och stress påvisade inte i undersökningen. Slutsatsen i studien är att resurser kan användas i förbättringar av lärarnas arbetssituation. 

  • 140.
    Christiansson, Reine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ignatiansk retreat som kriminalvård: En kvalitativ studie om fångars personliga utveckling2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med undersökningen har varit att undersöka om positiva förändringar och inre resurser utvecklas för intagna under en 30 dagars Ignatiansk klosterretreat på en av Sveriges högsäkerhetsanstalter. Deltagarna var dömda män i åldrarna 23 – 55 år med straff på fyra år till livstid.

    Studien har tillämpat en kvalitativ ansats med semistrukturerade intervjuer av deltagare och personal, observationer och dokumentanalyser. För ytterligare djuplodande kunskaper och information har studien också använt sig av ett autoetnografiskt perspektiv för att undersöka upplevelser och förändringsprocesser från retreaten.

    Resultaten påvisade att deltagarna utvecklat och förstärkt inre resurser, som emotionell kompetens, inre styrka och en positiv andlig utveckling. Resurserna har vidare legat till grund för den positiva posttraumatiska personlighetsutveckling deltagarna uppvisade.

    Slutsatserna i studien är att deltagarna erhåller en ökad positiv framtidstro och ökad reflektion över värderingar och vad som är viktigt i deras liv. Upplevelsen av retreaten resulterade i viktiga livsstilsförändringar och resurser för fortsatt främjande av personlighetsutveckling för framtiden.

  • 141.
    Claudio, Ana Paula
    et al.
    Univ Lisbon, Fac Sci, BioISI Biosyst & Integrat Sci Inst, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Carmo, Maria Beatriz
    Univ Lisbon, Fac Sci, BioISI Biosyst & Integrat Sci Inst, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Gomes, Ines Laureano
    Univ Lisbon, Fac Sci, BioISI Biosyst & Integrat Sci Inst, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Esteves, Francisco
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology. ISCTE IUL, CIS Ctr Psychol Res & Social Intervent, Lisbon, Portugal.;Mid Sweden Univ, Dep Psychol PSY, Ostersund, Sweden..
    Gaspar, Augusta
    ISCTE IUL, CIS Ctr Psychol Res & Social Intervent, Lisbon, Portugal.;Catholic Univ Portugal, Fac Social Sci, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Sense of presence inside a feared (virtual) tunnel2015In: PROCEEDINGS OF THE 2015 10TH IBERIAN CONFERENCE ON INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES (CISTI 2015), 2015, p. Art. no. 7170433-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Virtual Reality in Exposure Therapy allows exposing patients to simulations of feared situations, even in cases where actual exposure is not possible or difficult. We have created a Web application that helps therapists performing this type of therapy when dealing with patients that suffer from anxiety of crossing road tunnels. The application contains a set of animations of virtual scenarios recreating a car journey across a tunnel visualized from the point of view of the traveler sitting beside the driver and exhibiting a set of potential anxiety inductors. In this paper we describe the application and report a user study to assess the adequacy of our application as a VRET tool and also to compare the impact of visualizing the animations resorting to two distinct low cost apparatus: a versatile immersive equipment and a big projection.

  • 142.
    Cláudio, A. P.
    et al.
    LabMAg, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal .
    Carmo, M. B.
    LabMAg, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal .
    Pinheiro, T.
    LabMAg, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal .
    Esteves, Francisco
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology. CIS-IUL, University Institute of Lisbon, ISCTE, Portugal .
    Lopes, E.
    LabMAg, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal .
    Virtual environment to treat social anxiety2013In: Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), Springer, 2013, no PART 2, p. 442-451Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of our work is to propose a Virtual Reality solution to treat social anxiety, applying cognitive-behavioral therapies, that preserves the sense of immersion without requiring the use of expensive special purpose hardware. We have developed an application, called Virtual Spectators, that creates a simulation taking place in a virtual scenario inhabited by animated virtual humans whose behaviors are dynamically controlled by the therapist. To evaluate the effective usefulness of the tool from the point of view of the therapist, we performed an evaluation of the application with a set of these professionals familiarized with the use of exposure therapy. Their feedback was positive and they were enthusiastic about the possibility of using such a tool to support a session of exposure therapy. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

  • 143.
    Coelho, Rita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology and Social Work.
    ROLE OF EMOTION IN THE RECALL OF UNKNOWN FACES - Role of emotion in the recall2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 144.
    Costa, Diogo
    et al.
    Institute of Public Health, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal.
    Soares, Joaquim J. F.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Lindert, Jutta
    Department of Public Health, Protestant University of Applied Sciences Ludwigsburg, Ludwigsburg, Germany.
    Hatzidimitriadou, Eleni
    Faculty of Health and Social Care Sciences, Kingston University and St George's, University of London, London, United Kingdom.
    Karlsson, Andreas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sundin, Örjan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Toth, Olga
    Institute of Sociology, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary.
    Ioannidi-Kapolo, Ellisabeth
    Institute of Sociology, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary.
    Degomme, Oliver
    International Centre for Reproductive Health (ICRH), Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
    Cervilla, Jorge
    Departmental Section of Psychiatry and Psychological Medicine, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.
    Barros, Henrique
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Predictive Medicine and Public Health, University of Porto Medical School, Porto, Portugal.
    Intimate partner violence in Europe: design and methods of a multinational study.: La violencia de pareja en Europa: diseño y métodos de un estudio multinacional2013In: Gaceta Sanitaria, ISSN 0213-9111, E-ISSN 1578-1283, Vol. 27, no 6, p. 558-561Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective To describe the design, methods, procedures and characteristics of the population involved in a study designed to compare Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in eight European countries.

    Methods Women and men aged 18–65, living in Ghent-Belgium (n = 245), Stuttgart-Germany (n = 546), Athens-Greece (n = 548), Budapest-Hungary (n = 604), Porto-Portugal (n = 635), Granada-Spain (n = 138), Östersund-Sweden (n = 592), London-United Kingdom (n = 571), were sampled and administered a common questionnaire. Chi-square goodness of fit and five-age strata population fractions ratios for sex and education were computed to evaluate samples' representativeness.

    Results Differences in the age distributions were found among women from Sweden and Portugal and among men from Belgium, Hungary, Portugal and Sweden. Over-recruitment of more educated respondents was noted in all sites.

    Conclusion The use of a common research protocol with the same structured questionnaire is likely to provide accurate estimates of the general population IPV frequency, despite limitations in probabilistic sampling and restrictions in methods of administration.

  • 145.
    Costa, Rui
    et al.
    Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias, Portugal.
    Esteves, Francisco
    Instituto Superior de Ciências do Trabalho e da Empresa, Portugal.
    Skin conductance responses to visual sexual stimuli2008In: International Journal of Psychophysiology, ISSN 0167-8760, E-ISSN 1872-7697, Vol. 67, no 1, p. 64-69Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research showed that the asymmetrical direction of bilateral skin conductance responses (SCRs) remains constant regardless of task (with larger left SCRs in men and larger right SCRs in women). However, SCRs are controlled ipsilaterally by structures also associated with sexual arousal, hence it could be expected that larger right SCRs are specifically elicited by sexual stimuli. In order to test the two competing hypotheses, left and right SCR magnitude to three stimulus categories (sexually explicit, sexually non-explicit and neutral) were compared in 54 subjects (27 females). The direction of the asymmetry remained constant across stimulus types, however, unexpected sex differences occurred, as males had larger right SCRs and there was no lateralization in females. Interestingly, this interaction disappeared after controlling for indicators of subjective sexual arousal, suggesting that a specific (not previously hypothesized) processing of sexual information could take place.

  • 146.
    Dagöö, Jesper
    et al.
    Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Persson Asplund, Robert
    Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Andersson Bsenko, Helene
    Department of Psychology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Hjerling, Sofia
    Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden .
    Holmberg, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Westh, Susanne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Öberg, Louise
    Department of Psychology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden .
    Ljotsson, Brjann
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Division of Psychology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Carlbring, Per
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Furmark, Tomas
    Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden .
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden .
    Cognitive behavior therapy versus interpersonal psychotherapy for social anxiety disorder delivered via smartphone and computer: A randomized controlled trial2014In: Journal of Anxiety Disorders, ISSN 0887-6185, E-ISSN 1873-7897, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 410-417Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, a previously evaluated guided Internet-based cognitive behavior therapy for social anxiety disorder (SAD) was adapted for mobile phone administration (mCBT). The treatment was compared with a guided self-help treatment based on interpersonal psychotherapy (mIPT). The treatment platform could be accessed through smartphones, tablet computers, and standard computers. A total of 52 participants were diagnosed with SAD and randomized to either mCBT (n = 27) or mIPT (n = 25). Measures were collected at pre-treatment, during the treatment, post-treatment and 3-month follow-up. On the primary outcome measure, the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale - self-rated, both groups showed statistically significant improvements. However, mCBT performed significantly better than mIPT (between group Cohen's d = 0.64 in favor of mCBT). A larger proportion of the mCBT group was classified as responders at post-treatment (55.6% versus 8.0% in the mIPT group). We conclude that CBT for SAD can be delivered using modern information technology. IPT delivered as a guided self-help treatment may be less effective in this format. (c) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 147.
    Dahlgren, Camilla
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Stenmo, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sociala mediers inverkan på sömn och ångest2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 148.
    Dahlgren, Julia
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Möller, Cajsa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Effekter på livspusslet, återhämtning och effektivitet påarbetsplatsen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 149. Dan, E.S.
    et al.
    Aue, T.
    Flykt, Anders
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Scherer, K.R.
    ON USING RT AND FACIAL EMG TO EXAMINE THETEMPORAL SEQUENCE OF NOVELTY AND VALENCE APPRAISAL: Presentation at the SPR-meeting2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 150.
    Daniel, M.
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm.
    Agewall, S.
    University of Oslo, Norway, Norway.
    Berglund, F.
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm.
    Caidahl, K.
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm; Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg.
    Collste, O.
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm.
    Ekenbäck, C.
    Danderyd Hospital.
    Frick, M.
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm.
    Henareh, L.
    Department of Medicine, Huddinge.
    Jernberg, T.
    Danderyd Hospital.
    Malmqvist, K.
    Danderyd Hospital.
    Schenck-Gustafsson, K.
    Cardiac Unit, Solna; Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm.
    Spaak, J.
    Danderyd Hospital.
    Sundin, Örjan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sörensson, P.
    Cardiac Unit, Solna.
    Y-Hassan, S.
    Department of Medicine, Huddinge.
    Hofman-Bang, C.
    Danderyd Hospital.
    Tornvall, P.
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm.
    Prevalence of Anxiety and Depression Symptoms in Patients with Myocardial Infarction with Non-Obstructive Coronary Arteries2018In: American Journal of Medicine, ISSN 0002-9343, E-ISSN 1555-7162, Vol. 131, no 9, p. 1118-1124Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries is a working diagnosis for several heart disorders. Previous studies on anxiety and depression in patients with myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries are lacking. Our aim was to investigate the prevalence of anxiety and depression among patients with myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries. Methods: We included 99 patients with myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries together with age- and sex-matched control groups who completed the Beck Depression Inventory and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) 3 months after the acute event. Results: Using the Beck Depression Inventory, we found that the prevalence of depression in patients with myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries (35%) was higher than in healthy controls (9%; P =.006) and similar to that of patients with coronary heart disease (30%; P =.954). Using the HADS anxiety subscale, we found that the prevalence of anxiety in patients with myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries (27%) was higher than in healthy controls (9%; P =.002) and similar to that of patients with coronary heart disease (21%; P =.409). Using the HADS depression subscale, we found that the prevalence of depression in patients with myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries (17%) was higher than in healthy controls (4%; P =.003) and similar to that of patients with coronary heart disease (13%; P =.466). Patients with myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries and takotsubo syndrome scored higher on the HADS anxiety subscale than those without (P =.028). Conclusions: This is the first study on the mental health of patients with myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries to show that prevalence rates of anxiety and depression are similar to those in patients with coronary heart disease. 

1234567 101 - 150 of 836
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf