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  • 1.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    The anthropology of climate change: an integrated critical perspective, by Hans A. Baer and Merrill Singer2016Inngår i: Journal of Sustainable Tourism, ISSN 0966-9582, E-ISSN 1747-7646, Vol. 24, nr 7, s. 1062-1064Artikkel, omtale (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 2.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för ekonomivetenskap och juridik.
    Attitudes towards participation in business development programmes: An ethnic comparison in Sweden2015Inngår i: European Journal of Training and Development, ISSN 2046-9012, Vol. 39, nr 1, s. 59-75Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The aim of the study is to investigate whether there are any differences between the attitudes towards participation in development programmes of entrepreneurs who are immigrants and those who are native-born. Design/methodology/approach – Several statistical methods, including a binary logistic regression model, were used to analyse a unique, firm-level dataset collected by the Swedish Small Business Forum in October and November 2012. The dataset was based on a questionnaire composed of 60 closed questions that was completed by 531 participants representing 395 companies. Findings – Based on the analysis of 15 different attitude variables, the empirical findings are that immigrant managers/owners are more likely to show a positive attitude to participation in development programmes, in terms of nine of those attitude variables, than their native counterparts. Because there are no data about second generation of immigrants in the sample, thus, this category may have had an impact on the results. However, there is no possibility to identify any impact on the results. Originality/value – There is no prior research focusing specifically on this question, and to the authors' knowledge, this study is the first that has attempted to deal with the issue. This study is based on a recent and unique database, and provides new evidence on the relationship between ethnicity and attitude towards participation in development programmes among entrepreneurs. Its context is different from that of prior research.

  • 3.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för ekonomivetenskap och juridik.
    Exploring the financing gap between native born women- and immigrant women-owned firms at the start-up stage: Empirical evidence from Swedish data2013Inngår i: International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1756-6266, E-ISSN 1756-6274, Vol. 5, nr 2, s. 157-173Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The main purpose of this study is to provide empirical evidence which identifies the impact of ethnicity and other relevant variables on external capital acquisition among Swedish women-owned businesses at start-up. Design/methodology/approach: Several methods have been employed to analyze the sample including a binary logistic regression model. The sample consists of 836 women-owned businesses in southeast Sweden; 97 immigrant-owned, 739 native born-owned. Findings: The results indicate that there are partly significant differences between native women-owned firms and immigrant woman-owned businesses at start-up. Unlike the native-owned firms, the immigrant woman-owned businesses rely more on loans from family members and less on bank loans. Practical implications: The results reveal that age has a positive impact on loans from family members, while the additional job outside one's own business, the amount of the owner's personal start-up capital and firm size positively influenced access to capital from banks. The owners' level of education, previous business experience, the legal form taken by the firm and the industry affiliation conversely played no significant role in explaining the women owners' attitudes toward loans from either friends or the bank. Originality/value: To the authors' knowledge, this study is the first empirical investigation addressing this issue in the Swedish context. 

  • 4.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för ekonomivetenskap och juridik.
    Gender and informal financing at Start-up Stage2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 5.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för ekonomivetenskap och juridik.
    Gender as a determinant of informal capital in the financing of small firms' start-ups: Swedish data2015Inngår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, ISSN 1476-1297, E-ISSN 1741-8054, Vol. 24, nr 2, s. 249-267Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This research explores the differences in informal capital acquisition between female- and male-owned firms in the start-up stage in Sweden. A binary logistic regression model is used to analyse a sample including 836 female- and 1928 male-owned firms in 2008, providing 47,022 observations. The results indicate that the main explanatory variable, gender, is significant in distinguishing between female- and male-owned firms with regards to the use of informal capital in terms of loans from family members. Thus, female-owned firms tend to rely more on loans from family members than male-owned firms. The findings also indicate that one control variable, namely owners previous experience of starting up a company, negatively influences the use of loans from family members as a financing source in the start-up stage. This study is based on a unique and large sample including many different variables compared with previous research. Knowledge on the differences between Swedish female- and male-owned firms in using informal capital in the start-up stage is limited and ambiguous. The presented results contribute to research into small firm financing by adding insight into the relationships between informal capital acquisition, gender, and other relevant variables.

  • 6.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för ekonomivetenskap och juridik.
    Hedberg, Charlotta
    Department of Human Geography, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden .
    The determinant of external financing at the start-up stage: Empirical evidences from Swedish data2014Inngår i: World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, ISSN 1746-0573, E-ISSN 1746-0581, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 124-141Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Small firms in general have limited access to funding, which is a major problem for entrepreneurs. In particular, this problem is evident for women and ethnic minority groups. The purpose of the study is to examine empirically the impact of gender, ethnicity and other relevant variables on the access to external financing of new small firms. A sample of 2,764 female- And male-owned small businesses, based on a unique and large database gathered through interviews, was investigated employing binary logistic regression models. The results suggest that both gender and ethnicity are significant explanatory variables influencing the access to external capital at the start-up stage. Entrepreneurs' age, experience of starting businesses and education, as well as additional jobs beside their own business, are other variables that influence the way in which entrepreneurs finance their business. Moreover, firm characteristics in terms of personal start-up capital, firm size and legal form have an impact on financing behaviour at start-up. Since the knowledge about this issue is limited, the results of this study add to our understanding of the variables affecting the behaviour of small business endeavours in seeking funding at start-up.

  • 7.
    Agestam, Victor
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Ett evenemangs effekter på sin värddestination: En studie av Fjällmaratonveckan i Åre kommun2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 8.
    Ahnelöv, Malin
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    När millenniegenerationen väljer Airbnb: En kvalitativ fallstudie av Stockholm2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 9. Alebaki, Maria
    et al.
    Ioannides, Dimitri
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Threats and obstacles to resilience: Insights from Greece's wine tourism2017Inngår i: Tourism, Resilience and Sustainability: Adapting to Social, Political and Economic Change / [ed] Joseph M. Cheer and Alan A. Lew, Abingdon, Oxon, UK: Routledge, 2017, 1, s. 132-148Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 10.
    Alghetmi, Ramzi
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Cyrene Destination: Visitors’ Perceptions of Negative Factors Affecting Heritage Tourism at the World Heritage Site2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 11.
    Almstedt, Åsa
    et al.
    Department of Geography and Economic History, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden .
    Brouder, Patrick
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi. School of Tourism and Hospitality, University of Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Karlsson, Svante
    Department of Geography and Economic History, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden .
    Lundmark, Linda
    Department of Geography and Economic History, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden .
    Beyond Post-productivism: From Rural Policy Discourse To Rural Diversity2014Inngår i: European Countryside, ISSN 1803-8417, E-ISSN 1803-8417, Vol. 6, nr 4, s. 297-306Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    There has been a strong discourse in public policy aiming at transforming rural places from venues of primary production into truly diverse socioeconomic landscapes. Yet conceptualisations of the rural as envisioned in the policy and politics of the ‘new economy’ are often difficult to see materialise on the ground. However, post-productive activity in rural areas has become a major focus for rural studies scholars. This paper investigates the ideas of post-productivism and post-production in existing literature, and argues for a holistic understanding of post-productivism as an idea and political ambition rather than a manifest change of rural economic activity. The purpose of the study is to make clear the division between the related concepts in order to better understand processes of rural change in relation to different geographical contexts. It is argued that post-productivism as a concept stands apart from de facto post-production and should be regarded as part of broader regional development discourses. The paper outlines several important fields in which post-productivism is a necessary component for rural transformation and development. While it is not always easily captured in indicators or empirical studies in rural locations, post-productivism exists at the level of discourse and planning and thus has real effects on the ground. The paper concludes by offering suggestions on how to empirically investigate the concepts of post-production and post-productivism.

  • 12.
    Andersson Forsberg, Andrea
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Johansson, Annie
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Könad evenemangsmarknadsföring: En fallstudie om hur genus framställs i Storsjöyrans marknadsföring2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 13.
    Andersson, Linnea
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Informationsskyltar & Kompletterande Mobila Tjänster vid Kulturhistoriska Attraktioner: som del av en Turistisk Upplevelsemiljö2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Uppsatsen undersöker användandet av informationsskyltar och moderna teknologier i tolkning av kulturarv samt dess potentiella påverkan på turistens upplevelsemiljö. Syftet med studien är att få en förståelse för hur destinations aktörer och turister uppfattar informationsskyltar och kompletterande mobila tjänster angående deras attraktivitet, hållbarhet och tillgänglighet. Mixed methods användes som tillvägagångssätt för datainsamlingen. Syftet är att identifiera eventuella problem och att upptäcka om det finns några gap mellan olika aktörer eller mellan aktörer och turister. Den kunskapen kan bidra till en förbättring av en destinations interna och externa attraktivitet och besökarnas tillfredsställelse.

    Baserat på de kvalitativa intervjuerna framgår det att det finns många aktörer inblandade i produktionen och underhållet av informationsskyltar, speciellt inom offentlig sektor och att ansvarsfördelningen ofta är otydlig. Dessutom visar studien att den sociala dimensionen av hållbarhet är den viktigaste för många av aktörerna. Speciellt eftersom lokalbefolkningens stolthet kan manifesteras med en informationsskylt. Ett annat resultat är att aktörerna ofta saknar kunskap om besökarnas faktiska upplevelse av, preferenser och behov beträffande informationsskyltar och mobila tjänster. Samtidigt finns det en vilja bland aktörerna att modernisera turistens upplevelse genom att komplettera traditionella informationsskyltar med moderna teknologier.

    Resultaten från den kvantitativa pilotstudien gjord i enkätform visar att många turister vanligtvis läser informationsskyltar vid kulturhistoriska sevärdheter under resa i ett annat land. Dessutom att de i stor utsträckning vill få tillgång till fler funktioner eller mer information angående sevärdheten via mobila tjänster såsom en Smartphone. Därutöver avslöjas att bland respondenterna finns en relativt ansenlig betalningsvilja för att använda dessa funktioner.

  • 14.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi. Etour.
    Accessibility in a world of islands and islets: Knowledge of the Visitors and Second Home Owners in the Blekinge Archipelago, Sweden2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Swedish coastal areas the geography matters for tourism. Islands offer something special in comparison to massive land because one has to travel by boat or airplane to reach the destination. The detachment from the mainland gives an important physical and psychological aspect to the visit. However, accessibility is a crucial question in the archipelagos. Since the landscape consists of islands, it is necessary to either have access to a private boat or to public transportation. Physical accessibility refers to the ability of people to reach destinations, where the landscape together with infrastructure creates possibilities but also difficulties.

     

    The Swedish coastal areas and archipelagos attract many visitors, which create an interest in developing tourism and outdoor recreation. At the same time, these areas consist of valuable nature, culture and considerable bird and animal life. The Blekinge archipelago, Sweden, is a Candidate for becoming a biosphere reserve in the MAB-programme. Biosphere reserves are model areas with the purpose to conserve nature, biodiversity and culture. At the same time, the social and economic development through local support should be promoted. In a biosphere reserve, zoning is an important part but the inhomogeneous landscape of an archipelago makes zoning complicated. The sometimes unclear borders because of the geography and nature, the variation of accessibility, the possibility of different activities, the blurred boundaries of rural and urban living, and the mental perceptions of what an archipelago is, makes it complicated to plan and balance tourism and outdoor recreation with conservation.

     

    To understand if and how tourism and outdoor recreation are affected by zoning of a biosphere reserve, knowledge of the visitors and second homeowners is important. In relation to development of tourism and outdoor recreation, the challenge of applying zoning to a biosphere reserve in such a landscape an archipelago represents will be discussed in this study. Also, the purpose of this study is to analyse the visitors and second home owners’ views of accessibility in an archipelago. In the autumn of 2007, a questionnaire survey directed to visitors and second home owners in the Blekinge archipelago was conducted.

     

  • 15.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Skiers versus snowmobilers: a loud conflict? A study of noise in the mountain region of Jämtland, Sweden2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    By Swedish authorities, noise is perceived as a management issue of growing importance. For example, the Swedish EPA has declared that the level of unwanted sounds is increasing while areas with natural sounds of quality are diminishing. This concerns several stakeholders (e.g. visitors) within outdoor recreation, who perceive the minimizing of noise of particular value. However, whether the visitors actually are experiencing noise, if they experience noise as a conflict, and what management tools are used to handle potential conflicts, remain to be examined more closely.

    In the present study, noise and natural quiet in the mountain region of Jämtland, Sweden are examined from a visitor perspective. Skiers and snowmobilers have been identified as twostakeholder groups of particular interest. Based upon a web-based questionnaire in spring 2015, their attitudes and experiences of noise, conflicts and activities are examined. Are there any conflicts between these two groups? What are their attitudes to handle noise conflicts? How do they experience and define natural quiet? The results may also be compared with an earlier study in southern Jämtland (Lindberg et al., 2001). To get a planning and management perspective, semi-structured qualitative interviews with various authorities in Jämtland are to be executed in spring and fall 2015. This study is part of a project in the research programme A magnificent mountain landscape for future generations financed by the Swedish EPA.

  • 16.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Snowmobiling and free riding in the Jämtland mountains, Sweden2018Inngår i: 9th International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitors in Recreational and Protected Areas (MMV9): Place, recreation and local development 28-31 August 2018, Bordeaux, France. Abstract book / [ed] Jeoffrey Dehez, 2018, s. 87-89Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This project investigates conflicts over land use in the context of the Jämtland mountain region, Sweden where tensions due to snowmobiling and free riding are increasing. The study takes a planning and management perspective.

    The study consists of a web based survey that generated responses from 862 snowmobilers in the region in 2015. Organizations and snowmobile clubs distributed the survey through social media. In 2015, twelve semi-structured interviews were carried out with fifteen representatives from the public sector and the tourism industry. Moreover in 2018, additional interviews will be conducted. The study is also based on information found on webpages and in local media.

    There has been a new development of snowmobile activities for planning and management to handle in the Swedish mountains, not least in terms of conflicts but also because of security issues e.g. avalanches. One can get a deeper understanding of the conflicts and the reasons behind them. Nevertheless, more knowledge is needed about the different strategies of planners, managers and other stakeholders as well about the users and the underlying social motives behind their attitudes and activities. To handle conflicts related to snowmobiling and free riding will require continued dialogue, negotiation and further research.

  • 17.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Tourism in the Archipelago of Luleå in Northern Sweden2003Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    As traditional land use such as agriculture and fishing, has diminished in coastal areas, tourism is considered as a lucrative industry. This paper is an introduction of the research project Planning strategies and tourism development in a coastal area. A study of the archipelago of Luleå. The project’s aim is to study the planning of the area for a sustainable tourism development. Except for a description of the PhD project, this paper will account for a questionnaire that will be conducted in the autumn of 2003. The questionnaire will be addressed to people visiting the archipelago of Luleå in the summer of 2003, during the period May-September. Since planning strategies are connected with tourists’ activities and their desire for experiences, the questionnaire’s main purpose is to investigate the tourists’ characteristics, activities, motives for visiting, valuations and their connection to the area. The future results of the questionnaire will be put in relation to the archipelago’s tourism development and planning strategies for sustainable tourism.

     

  • 18.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    “Tourism, not toursim!” Teaching the art of reading and writing at university level2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The language is central to all learning in higher education, such as analytical independence, critical thinking and theoretical understanding. Many university students no longer master the language tools required, according to numerous representatives of the university world. The issue of students’ knowledge of the Swedish language is a topic of discussion on the higher education agenda. Apart from poor spelling and grammar, students’ problems with analyses and deeper understanding are worrying. However, more support in scientific thinking and writing in education may help to overcome language problems. Another important issue for language development is reading skills – for both studies and/or pleasure. To integrate academic writing and exercises in all teaching at the undergraduate level is undeniably one means for improvement. University studies include important social and academic codes that might be difficult to understand, especially for students from non-academic homes. By developing reading and writing skills, students will also overcome different barriers.

    In the bachelor programme: Tourism and destination development, at Mid Sweden University, the students’ academic writing and reading is of particular interest. In this paper, the possibilities of improvements of the students’ academic writing with concrete examples from our tourism programme is discussed, but also highlight the challenges teachers face and the need of central support from the university. Using concrete examples (e.g. examinations and exercises), the discussion will further expand on issues regarding the language’s significance for the individual and society.

  • 19.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Turskidåkare vs. snöskoteråkare: en högljudd konflikt? En studie om buller och tystnad i Jämtlandsfjällen2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 20.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Fredman, Peter
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Lindhagen, Anders
    SLU Uppsala.
    Att mäta friluftsliv2014Inngår i: Friluftsliv i Förändring: Studier från svenska upplevelselandskap / [ed] Peter Fredman, Marie Stenseke och Klas Sandell, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2014, 1, s. 102-118Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 21.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Fredman, Peter
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Lindhagen, Anders
    SLU .
    Att mäta friluftsliv – Erfarenheter från besöksräkningar och besökarstudier2013Inngår i: Friluftsliv i förändring. Resultat från ett forskningsprogram. Slutrapport, Stockholm: Naturvårdsverket, 2013, s. 97-114Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 22.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Fredman, Peter
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Lindhagen, Anders
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SPM Box 7008, Vallvägen 9A, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Managers' experiences of visitor monitoring in Swedish outdoor recreational areas2016Inngår i: Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism Research Planning and Management, ISSN 2213-0780, Vol. 14, s. 35-40Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Systematically collected information on outdoor recreation participation, motives and behaviors can improve recreation opportunities and reduce the risk of user conflicts. There are many uses of this type of information for managers of recreational areas including analyses of environmental, social and economic impacts, development of infrastructure, and marketing to appropriate audiences. One key component in building this knowledge is the application of visitor monitoring. This study takes an exploratory approach by analyzing managers' experiences on different on-site monitoring methods at 12 recreational areas in Sweden. Results show that knowledge of these methods and their use are strongly linked to individual managers' skills and competence. Contemporary changes in recreation behavior calls for more innovative monitoring approaches, but managers included in this study primarily work with rather traditional methods, which is likely representative of the overall situation in Sweden. Networking, educational programs and closer collaborations with universities could facilitate some of the challenges identified.

    Management implications

    ● The study showed the relevance of improved visitor monitoring practices, and tailor-made monitoring guidelines, based on actual use and experience-based data.

    ● Adequate visitor monitoring practices:- help to better incorporate recreation activities and values in natural resource management decisions,

    ● increase the awareness of possible conflicts between recreational and other resource users,

    ● show the possible need for increased management capacity, additional training or new ways of visitor management and provide a better foundation for decision making.

  • 23.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Ioannides, Dimitri
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Kronenberg, Kai
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Opportunities and Challenges for Accessibility to Outdoor Recreation in an Urban Environment: A Case Study of Östersund, Sweden2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Practically all Swedes enjoy being out in nature and engaging in outdoor recreation activities. An important reason behind this is that they benefit from the Swedish Public Right of Access (Allemansrätten). Outdoor recreation is highlighted as a major contributor to good health, leads to a higher level of understanding of nature in an urban society, and can function as a means of integration and sustainable development. However, society and our constant search for new experiences are changing as does the practice of outdoor recreation.

    It is of interest to identify how different users participate in outdoor recreation and use nature. Previous studies show that outdoor recreation often is conducted close to where we live. Planning and management, along with information, are vital components leading to the accessibility and development of outdoor recreation. Accessibility for outdoor recreation relate to both physical and socio-economic conditions. Today, outdoor recreation for urban dwellers is highly dependent on access to natural areas close to cities, yet open spaces are increasingly under threat due to urban growth and development density. The Public Right of Access places new demands on future planning and management, for example in order to prevent conflicts with private landowners as there may be increased pressure on specific natural areas.

    The above issues are analyzed from the results of an online survey conducted in autumn 2016. The survey was sent to 3,000 randomly selected residents in Östersund, Sweden (response rate 32%). Additionally, municipal planning documents are examined. The results show that the respondents do not consider that access to nature is constrained. Rather they feel they lack the time to make full use of this accessibility. They also express a need for more information about nature areas. The results also show that those with higher education and higher income value outdoor recreation higher, but that they also have less time.

  • 24.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Kronenberg, Kai
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Buller och tystnad i Jämtlandsfjällen: Upplevelser av intressemotsättningar bland turskidåkare och snöskoteråkare2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 25.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Kronenberg, Kai
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Ioannides, Dimitri
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Möjligheter och utmaningar för tillgänglighet till friluftsliv och naturupplevelser: En fallstudie om Östersunds kommun2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 26.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Nilsson, Per-Åke
    Hólar University College, Iceland.
    Remote yet Close: The Question of Accessibility in the Faroe Islands2015Inngår i: Archipelago Tourism: Policies and Practices / [ed] Godfrey Baldacchino, Ashgate, 2015, 1, s. 137-146Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 27.
    Ankre, Rosmarie
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Methodological Challenges in Nature-based Tourism Surveys – the Use of Self-registration Cards in Swedish Mountain Areas2014Inngår i: Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitors in Recreational and Protected Areas (MMV): Local Community and Outdoor Recreation, August 20 - 23, 2014 Tallinn, Estonia / [ed] Mart Reimann, Kalev Sepp, Erkki Pärna, Reeda Tuula, Tallinn, 2014, s. 193-194Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 28.
    Aslan, Ahmet
    et al.
    University of Istanbul.
    Yasar, Gozde
    University of Istanbul.
    Cetin, Gurel
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi. University of Istanbul.
    Akova, Orhan
    University of Istanbul.
    Balik, Mehtap
    University of Istanbul.
    Demirciftci, Tevfik
    University of Istanbul.
    The Package Tour Experiences and Tourist Satisfaction2015Inngår i: Tourism engagement: co-creating well-being: Proceedings of the 6th Advances in Tourism Marketing Conference, Joensuu, Finland,8.-10.9.2015 / [ed] Juho Pesonen & Raija Komppula, 2015, s. 43-47Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 29.
    Atemafac, Emelda Fuabah
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Challenges, Possibilities and the Development of the Tourism Industry in Cameroon: A Study of Stakeholders Perspective2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 30.
    Aydogan Cifci, Merve
    et al.
    Istanbul University, Turkey.
    Gurel, Cetin
    Istanbul University, Turkey.
    Dincer, Fusun Istanbullu
    Istanbul University, Turkey.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Reintermediation for Small and Medium Hospitality Enterprises2016Inngår i: Consumer Behavior in Tourism Symposium (CBTS 2016), 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 31.
    Aydogan Cifci, Merve
    et al.
    Istanbul University, Turkey.
    Gurel, Cetin
    Istanbul University, Turkey.
    Dincer, Fusun Istanbullu
    Istanbul University, Turkey.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Reintermediation for Small and Medium Hospitality Enterprises2017Inngår i: 7th International Interdisciplinary Business-Economics Advancement Conference, Florida, USA, 9-14 April, 2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 32.
    Baggio, Rodolfo
    et al.
    Bocconi University, Italy.
    Moretti, Vincenco
    Giuseppe Di Vittorio Foundation, Rome, Italy.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Beauty and its role in fostering economic growth and social development2016Inngår i: Valuing and Evaluating Creativity for Sustainable Regional Development / [ed] Laven D. & Skoglund, W., Mid Sweden University , 2016, s. 157-159Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 33.
    Beery, T. H.
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Man and Biosphere Health, Kristianstad, Sweden .
    Wolf-Watz, Daniel
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Nature to place: Rethinking the environmental connectedness perspective2014Inngår i: Journal of Environmental Psychology, ISSN 0272-4944, E-ISSN 1522-9610, Vol. 40, s. 198-205Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The environmental connectedness perspective posits that direct encounter with generalized, or non-specific "nature," leads to environmental connectedness and subsequent pro-environmental behavior. This article examines this perspective and proposes a place-based application of the nature encounter-environmental behavior relation. An empirical study using data from a national survey on outdoor recreation and nature-based tourism is presented. Results show a minimal relationship between measures of environmental connectedness and self-reports of environmental behavior. The following examination of the environmental connectedness perspective reveals that environmental connectedness is rooted in a material/objective perspective, neglecting the human domain of perceptions, values, and representations. The environment as "nature" is portrayed as a geographically undefined agent with the inherent power to change human attitudes and behavior. Based on this, the article concludes with a proposed replacement of the elusive concept of nature for the relational concept of place. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

  • 34.
    Berglund Noréus, Ida
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Sveriges Hästturism: En studie om efterfrågan och utveckling 2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 35.
    Bergström, Erik
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Valter, Ida
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Kulturevenemang – sociala effekter i skuggan av de ekonomiska: En fallstudie av Östersund2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 36.
    Birath, Erik
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Hållbarhet  - ett sätt att stärka turistföretags- och Åres platsvarumärke?: En fallstudie i Åre från ett företagarperspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 37.
    Blomqvist, Emilia
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Sexual Harassment in the Hospitality Industry – Employees’ Coping Strategies and Employers’ Prevention Strategies: A Case Study of Two Chain Hotels2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 38.
    Blyablina, Anna
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    The contribution of guides in developing tourist experiences during historical theatrical tours: The case of Stockholm ghost walk2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • 39.
    Boden, Bosse
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Vindkraft och miljömålet Storslagen fjällmiljö2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 40.
    Bodén, Bosse
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Lokal nytta av Vindkraft2014Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 41.
    Bointa, Pinelopi
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Cultural and Heritage Tourism through the Contemporary Museum: Prospects of Creating an "Eco-Museum" in Jämtland-Härjedalen2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 42.
    Boman, M.
    et al.
    Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, P.O. Box 49, SE-230 53 Alnarp, Sweden.
    Fredman, Peter
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Lundmark, L.
    Department of Geography and Economic History, Umeå University, SE-901 87 Umeå, Sweden.
    Ericsson, G.
    Department of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SE-901 83 Umeå, Sweden .
    Outdoor recreation - A necessity or a luxury?: Estimation of Engel curves for Sweden2013Inngår i: Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism, ISSN 2213-0780, Vol. 3-4, s. 49-56Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Income constitutes one important constraint for the degree of participation in outdoor recreation. The effect of this constraint can be measured by the income elasticity of outdoor recreation demand, which is of policy interest when the distribution of recreation opportunities across socioeconomic groups is a concern. This study investigated income elasticity of expenditures for three types of outdoor recreation in Sweden, at the individual level: outdoor recreation as an aggregated composite good, outdoor recreation close to home (less than 100 km away from the permanent residence), and hunting. The findings indicated that outdoor recreation as a composite is a luxury good with elasticity in excess of unity (i.e. a relative increase in income will lead to a greater relative increase in demand). The elasticities of the specific activities were found to be lower. Outdoor recreation close to home was characterized as a necessity with elasticity less than unity (i.e. a relative increase in income will lead to a smaller relative increase in demand). The results further suggested that an increase in income could lead to either a decrease or an increase in the demand for hunting, indicating that hunting might be an inferior good or possibly a necessity. Management implications Based on data from national surveys in Sweden, this paper explores the relationship between income and demand for different types of outdoor recreation activities. The analysis reveals that: The total demand for outdoor recreation opportunities can be expected to increase with increasing income levels in society. An increase in total demand does, however, not imply that demand for all types of outdoor recreation will increase simultaneously.The relationship between income and outdoor recreation demand differs among various types of recreation activities. Outdoor recreation close to home and hunting provided two examples of such diverging patterns in this paper. This, in turn, leads to different policy implications.Policy measures should, therefore, be adapted to the specific type of outdoor recreation under consideration.Managers need to be aware of the underlying factors affecting demand, such as socioeconomic characteristics, substitutability, motivations and different types of constraints.Future analysis should consider also the following factors potentially affecting outdoor recreation demand:- The distinction between recreation enjoyed during overnight trips (i.e. tourism related), as opposed to day based recreation activities where income may be less important.- The time available for outdoor recreation and the family situation.- Recreational activities must be regarded within the regulatory national framework. For example hunting in Sweden is guided by bag limits, reduced mobility because of limited access to specific hunting grounds, and specific national management of hunting opportunities. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

  • 43.
    Borglund, Ida
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Kulturfokus och medborgardeltagande i glesbygden.: En fallstudie av Ragunda kommun.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 44.
    Breda-Gulbrandsen, Tatjana
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Ved Rondane i sosiale medier: Visitors’ use of social media in national parks – a quantitative approach2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The use of social media has exploded over the last five years and has changed the way

    travellers and tourists search, find, read and trust information about activities,

    accommodation and destinations. Little is known about how to use social media as a

    communication tool in the context of Norwegian national parks. This thesis sets out to

    explore the visitors use of social media as an informat ion source and to what extent they

    share their experiences through social media. It does so by collecting quantitative data from

    the visitors in Rondane National Park and buffer zones. The material is then analysed by

    using the visitor experience model. Findings show that the visitors do use social media as a

    source of information and a place for where they share their experiences. However, due to the

    low respons rate it is difficult to make any final conclusions. Future research is recommended

    before making any final decisons regarding the implementation of social media as an

    information tool.

  • 45.
    Bremen, Lydia Anna
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Volunteer tourism: A critical explorative analysis from the tour operators' perspective2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 46.
    Brockmöller, Anna
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Analysis of destination images in the context of controversial traditions: The case of the Faroe Islands2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 47.
    Broström, Hedda-Martina
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Filmturism i Jämtland2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 48.
    Brouder, Patrick
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Embedding Arctic Tourism Innovation in ‘Creative Outposts’2013Inngår i: From Talk to Action: How Tourism is Changing the Polar Regions / [ed] R.H. Lemelin, P. Maher, & D. Liggett, Thunder Bay, Canada: Centre for Northern Studies Press , 2013, s. 183-198Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Tourism has emerged as an important part of the economy in the Circumpolar North. Many northern communities grew as outposts of capitalism and prospered through primary sector activities such as agriculture, mining, fishing, and forestry. Recently, entrepreneurial and institutional efforts have resulted in increasing tourism employment in the Arctic. While the contribution of tourism to Arctic economies is well-understood, other questions remain. Communities are not only dependent on what happens in the economy in the broader sense but also on endogenous generation of creative and innovative initiatives. This paper examines tourism in three Arctic communities and introduces the concept of creative outposts – communities in peripheral areas which manage to develop tourism despite difficult structural preconditions. Three cases from across the Circumpolar North, and at different stages of development, are presented and main themes explored include: the endogenous nature of tourism development and its potential for employment and entrepreneurship, the contribution of tourism to the local leisure space, and the potential of tourism as a diversification strategy. The paper utilises an innovation systems approach and highlights that tourism activity can act as a catalyst for the development of positive local social capital. The study is positioned within the Arctic Tourism Innovation System framework, highlighting how some northern communities manage not just to survive but to thrive with tourism and community resilience being complementary in creative outposts. The paper calls for future comparative studies across the Circumpolar North.

  • 49.
    Brouder, Patrick
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi. School of Tourism and Hospitality, University of Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Evolutionary Economic Geography: A New Path for Tourism Studies?2014Inngår i: Tourism Geographies, ISSN 1461-6688, E-ISSN 1470-1340, Vol. 16, nr 1, s. 2-7Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Evolutionary economic geography (EEG) is an emerging theoretical framework whichattempts to better understand long-term economic change and why it differs betweenregions. Tourism geographers are showing increasing interest in EEG with a growingnumber of publications and conference presentations on EEG applications withintourism studies. This article briefly sets out the conceptual background to EEG andhow it relates to extant studies within tourism, drawing on examples from theliterature on tourism studies and evolutionary research. A concise list of someactionable areas for EEG studies within tourism is presented as well as an appraisal ofthe theoretical particularities of applying EEG within tourism studies. EEG is shownto be a new path with much potential for tourism research.

  • 50.
    Brouder, Patrick
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Evolutionary Economic Geography and Tourism Studies: Extant Studies and Future Research Directions2014Inngår i: Tourism Geographies, ISSN 1461-6688, E-ISSN 1470-1340, Vol. 16, nr 4, s. 540-545Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the extant literature on evolutionary economic geography (EEG) and tourism studies and briefly reviews what has been produced thus far. There are two main areas addressed: path dependence (and how to break from a path) and co-evolution (of tourism paths within a given region and of regional paths including tourism). The papers already published on EEG and tourism feature cases from resort communities, mass tourism destinations and rural and peripheral areas with all cases from highly developed countries (Canada, Sweden, Denmark, Italy and Australia). Next, the papers of the special issue are explored and show a broadening of the geographical reach (to include China and Spain) and a move to apply EEG theory as part of a hybrid theoretical framework. Finally, the paper concludes with a call for broader evolutionary approaches in tourism studies beyond strictly business development studies. This ultimately requires the development of EEG measures in line with the goals of sustainable tourism development.

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