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  • 1.
    Arvidsson, Anders
    et al.
    Institutionen för nationalekonomi med statistik, Göteborgs universitet.
    Stage, Jesper
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Technology-neutral green procurement in practice: An example from Swedish waste management2012Inngår i: Waste Management & Research, ISSN 0734-242X, E-ISSN 1096-3669, Vol. 30, nr 5, s. 519-523Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Green public procurement has been criticized for its excessive reliance on detailed technology specifications, which can distort incentives in the short term and discourage innovation in the longer term. Economists therefore tend to prefer technology-neutral procurement, which rewards outcomes rather than technologies. However, technology-neutral procurement can also be problematic in practice. The present study investigated green public procurement of waste management, a rapidly growing field. In one of the most sophisticated models for technology-neutral procurement applied in Sweden in recent years, different environmental impacts were assigned weights, but no weight was given to the particular technology employed. Even here, however, potential inefficiencies were found where the scoring rule could have led to arbitrary, and presumably unwanted, outcomes. Explicitly assigning monetary surcharges to desirable and undesirable environmental effects may be a better way to reach environmental targets.

  • 2.
    Große, Christine
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationssystem och –teknologi.
    Olausson, Pär M.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap.
    Blind spots in interaction between actors in Swedish planning for critical infrastructure protection2019Inngår i: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 118, s. 424-434Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Failures in the power supply threaten the safety of developed countries, as they are increasingly dependent on electricity to maintain important societal functions through critical infrastructure. To protect electricity-dependent critical infrastructure, Sweden has implemented a multi-level planning, called Styrel, which involves national-, regional- and local-level actors. This study focuses on interactions among key actors and their roles in the planning as well as the Swedish crisis management system. With evidence from interviews and a survey among the actors, analyses indicate blind spots in the current proceeding, such as the reliance of the outcome of the process on the actors’ commitment to achieve a common understanding of the importance of infrastructure assets and participate in collaborations. This paper reveals that actors lack awareness, knowledge, capability and resources to fulfil their roles in the national planning for critical infrastructure protection. By highlighting interrelations, this study contributes to the international discussion of identification, prioritisation and protection of critical infrastructure to mitigate consequences of power failures for a depending society.

  • 3.
    Große, Christine
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för informationssystem och -teknologi.
    Olausson, Pär M.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Larsson, Aron
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för informationssystem och -teknologi.
    Wallman Lundåsen, Susanne
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Björkqvist, Olof
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för kemiteknik.
    Nyhlén, Jon
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Collaboration and Decision-making in Response Planning for Power Shortages: The Swedish Policy2017Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Electricity is a key resource for the majority of societal functions and constitutes an important sector in the critical infrastructure of modern societies. Disturbances in power supply can have cascading effects on interdependent public sectors and ordinary citizens. However, it seems nearly impossible to completely prevent the occurrence of power shortages. Strategies to address temporary power losses are therefore essential. This paper aims to increase the understanding of national policies to manage the early consequences of power outages. Therefore, we critically review the Swedish national policy called Styrel as part of Swedish Crisis Management System. In the scientific literature, there are few examples similar to Styrel for handling emergencies in the electricity system. Particularly, we seek to discover related risks and benefits, conditions and constraints, as well as effects for specific stakeholders. We argue that the approach cannot yet be considered as fully developed. Three areas requiring improvement are identified. First, the scope and terms of the process must be specified. Second, (better) quality management seems necessary. Third, people responsible for identifying and prioritizing power consumers critical to local society need better decision aid. Improvements could facilitate risk-communication and collaboration among actors as well as decision-making and organisational learning.

  • 4.
    Große, Christine
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för informationssystem och -teknologi.
    Olausson, Pär M.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Wallman Lundåsen, Susanne
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Blackout ahead: Methodological Concerns in Studies of National Crisis Management2018Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper highlights the difficulties in the studies of the crisis management system. Our focus is on the Swedish planning process in the case of power shortage, called Styrel. Our paper depart from a research project entitled From Authorities to Citizens and Back. The aim of the project is to increase the knowledge on the decision-making processes within Styrel with a focus on how the actors co-operate within the planning process, and what consequences the priorities of socially important objects have for society and its citizens. Methodologically, the project is based on document studies, interview with security officers in forty-seven municipalities, three coordinators at the County administrative board (CAB), and representatives for local power grid companies. Furthermore, a survey has been conducted with all coordinators at the CAB. The intended objective has also been to take part of the planning documents in order to investigate if there are any differences between how the objects were prioritized by the municipalities and how they were finally prioritized. Our experience from the study reviles problems with availability of relevant planning material, lack of knowledge due to deficient continuity at the local level regarding those responsible for Styrel, and finally difficulties in following individual objects during the planning process.

  • 5.
    Karlstedt, Max
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Gymnasieelevers konsumtion av sötsaker, läsk,  energidryck och snacks: En tvärsnittsstudie2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Konsumtionen  av sötsaker, läsk, energidryck och snacks kan vara relaterad till olika slags sjukdomar  på grund av  energi-  och fettmängden  samt tillgången till dessa livsmedel.  Kunskap om  konsumtionsmönster  och konsumtionsplatser  för  dessa  livsmedel saknas för gymnasieelever. Syfte: Målet med denna studie var att kartlägga gymnasieelevers konsumtion av sötsaker, läsk, energidryck och snacks. Metod:  En tvärsnittsstudie med tio enkätfrågor om konsumtionsmönster och konsumtionsplatser för  sötsaker, läsk, energidryck och snacks genomfördes på 74  gymnasieelever i årskurs två under två dagar.  Resultat:  I resultaten kom det fram att det vanligaste stället att köpa sötsaker och läsk som konsumerades på skoltid var vid elevfiket. Det som konsumerades på fritiden var vanligast köpt i affärer. Det framgick också signifikanta skillnader i hög- och totalkonsumtionen mellan könen och mellan praktiska och teoretiska program. Diskussion: Mer forskning behövs  för att säkerhetsställa studiens fynd och  för  att  statistiskt säkert kunna generalisera studiens fynd  till  övriga gymnasieskolor runtom i Sverige.  Slutsats:  Det kan finnas signifikanta skillnader i konsumtionen av sötsaker,  läsk, energidryck och snacks mellan könen och mellan praktiska och teoretiska program.

  • 6.
    Landstad, Bodil J
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Olsson, Inger
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Millet, Patrick
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Personal Perspectives on Vocational Rehabilitation in Singapore and Sweden2010Inngår i: The Asia Pacific Disability & Rehabilitation Journal, Vol. 21, nr 1, s. 3-25Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study is to describe and analyse personal reflections on vocational rehabilitation in Singapore and Sweden as described by employees who have been on sick leave. Further, the study investigates what similarities and differences can be discerned from the accounts provided by the participants in the different countries. Interviews were conducted with five Singaporeans and five Swedes undergoing rehabilitation due to musculoskeletal problems. The most significant result is that more differences than similarities were identified; e.g. the Singaporeans had fewer days of sickness absence, they were diagnosed more swiftly, treatment and the rehabilitation process began earlier and there were no queues for treatment. The conclusion is that the Singaporean system seems to be more effective with respect to returning people to work. However, the Swedish system creates more security for all groups of people.

  • 7.
    Landstad, Bodil Johanne
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Olsson, Inger
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Social welfare in Singapore and Sweden: Differences in organisational systems of health care, social security and rehabilitation2008Inngår i: / [ed] International Journal of Disability Management Research, Brisbane: Australian Academic Press, 2008, s. 30-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study is to describe and compare the health care, social security and rehabilitation systems in Singapore and Sweden. Two fundamental differences can be identified. First, the system in Singapore are strongly oriented towards a free market system, while Sweden's demonstrates strong public control. Second, following from how the systems are oriented, Singaporeans are expected to have a higher degree of independence and control over their health care, social security and rehabilitation. It appears that Singapore has had greater success in attaining and maintaining a system of health promotion, which influences the three systems. However, the Swedish welfare system provides greater security to those who are in need of health care, social security and rehabilitation.

  • 8.
    Lindblad-Gidlund, Katarina
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Larsson, Anders
    Nyhlén, Sara
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Avstamp: Innovationskraft i offentlig sektor2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 9.
    Lindkvist, Niklas
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för kvalitetsteknik, maskinteknik och matematik.
    Haracic, Elma
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för kvalitetsteknik, maskinteknik och matematik.
    Förändringsledningens roll vid förbättringsarbete: En studie av två implementeringar av Lean inom offentlig sektor2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskningen visar på att offensiv kvalitetsutveckling blir allt vanligare inom offentlig sektor. Statliga verk har först på senare år börjat inse vikten av kundfokus vilket har lett till många förbättringsinitiativ. Det finns forskning som vägleder i uppstart av förbättringsinitiativ inom offentlig sektor, däremot är det ont om forskning som klargör hur man leder förbättringsinitiativen inom offentlig sektor.

    Denna kvalitativa fallstudie har studerat förändringsledningens roll i samband med implementering av Lean inom två statliga myndigheter, Försäkringskassan och Migrationsverket. Studiens metodik var halvstrukturerade intervjuer och studier av litteratur och dokument så som myndigheternas beslut om implementering.

    Resultatet visar att myndigheterna hade arbetat olika vid implementering av Lean i deras verksamheter. Resultaten visar också att myndigheterna lyckades olika bra inom varierande områden vilket hängde samman med vilka förutsättningar de hade samt vilket tillvägagångssätt som användes vid implementeringen. Slutligen visar resultatet att förändringsledning och genomförandet av förändringar i praktiken spelar en stor roll i utfallet av de förändringsinitiativ som en organisation genomför.

    Studiens resultat är ett bidrag till andra offentliga verksamheter som önskar genomföra stora förändringar.

  • 10.
    Narbutaité Aflaki, Inga
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Petridou, EvangeliaMittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.Miles, LeeLoughborough University, United Kingdom.
    Entrepreneurship in the Polis: Understanding Political Entrepreneurship2015Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Dynamics of entrepreneurship have attracted growing attention from scholars of political science, policy studies, public administration and planning, as well as more recently, from the realms of international relations and foreign policy analysis. Under the banner of political entrepreneurship, this volume considers and maps out conceptual approaches to the study of entrepreneurship drawn from these fields, discusses synergies, envisages new analytical tools and offers contemporary empirical case studies, illustrating the diverse political contexts in which entrepreneurship takes place in the polis. Drawing upon an international cast of senior academics and cutting edge young researchers, the volume takes a closer look at key aspects of political entrepreneurship, such as, defining political entrepreneurs, how it relates to change, decision-making and strategies, organizational arrangements, institutional rules, varying contexts and future research agendas. By highlighting the political aspects of entrepreneurship, the volume presents new exciting opportunities for understanding entrepreneurial activities at regional, national and international levels. The volume will be of particular relevance to scholars and students of political science, policy studies, public administration, planning, international relations and business studies as well as practitioners interested in the nexus and utility of entrepreneurship in the modern-day political world.

  • 11.
    Narbutaité Aflaki, Inga
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden .
    Petridou, Evangelia
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Miles, Lee
    Loughborough University, United Kingdom .
    Political Entrepreneurship Redux: Looking into the Future2015Inngår i: Entrepreneurship in the Polis: Understanding Political Entrepreneurship / [ed] Narbutaité Aflaki Inga, Petridou Evangelia, and Miles Lee, Aldershot: Ashgate, 2015, s. 206-215Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 12.
    Olausson, Pär M.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap.
    Planning for resilience in the case of power shortage: The Swedish STYREL policy2019Inngår i: Central European Journal of Public Policy, ISSN 1802-4866, E-ISSN 1802-4866, Vol. 13, nr 1, s. 12-22Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Modern society has developed a growing dependence on electricity in order to carry out important societal functions. This implies the risk of cascading failures to society in the case of power shortage. The creation of a resilient and sustainable power energy system is therefore crucial. Equal crucial is the preparedness for the event of power shortage. As a part of the Swedish crisis management system, the Swedish Energy Agency (EM) has developed a planning system, Styrel, to identify social important objects in order to ensure important social functions in the case of power shortage. This article examines Styrel as a policy network and as a planning system to ensure a sustainable and resilient power supply. The study focus on the design of the system, the implementation of the system based on the results from the two rounds completed in 2010 and 2014. Using interviews with coordinators at the local and regional level in three counties and a survey including all 21 coordinators at the regional level, it indicates that the design of the planning system reviles opportunities for improvements of the planning system. The study also indicates that the coordinators at the local level lack trust in the planning system depending on both the lack of resource and the lack of feedback. This in turn indicates challenges for the system from a resilient and sustainability point of view.

  • 13.
    Olausson, Pär M.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Riskplanering för klimatanpassning: En fallstudie av risk- och krishanteringsarbetet i kommunerna längs Ljungan2010Inngår i: SWEPSA - Swedish Political Science Association: Paper presenterat vid statsvetenskapliga förbundets årsmöte i Göteborg 2010-09-30—2010-10-02, Göteborg, 2010Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 14.
    Olausson, Pär M.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Styrel - mot en elförsörjning2017Inngår i: Hållbarhetens många ansikten: samtal, forskning och fantasier / [ed] Edith Andresen, Gustav Lidén, Sara Nyhlén, Östersund: Mid Sweden University , 2017, s. 80-88Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    STYREL är en planeringsprocess som syftar till att minimera konsekvenserna för samhället vid en situation av elbrist. Processen har utvecklats av Statens energimyndighet (EM) i samarbete med Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap (MSB) och Svenska kraftnät (SvK). Länsstyrelsen spelar en viktig roll i Styrel genom sin uppgift som samordnare på regional nivå. Följande kapitel syftar till att ge en kort beskrivning av Styrel som en del av det svenska krishanteringssystemet samt att ge en bild av hur de samordningsansvariga på länsstyrelsen uppfattar sin roll i Styrel.

    Kapitlet utgår från en mer omfattande studie under rubriken Från myndighet till medborgare och tillbaka. Syftet med projektet är att

    • Öka kunskapen om hur samverkan inom ramen för Styrel sker
    • Öka om hur prioriteringar skapas och hur dessa omsätts i operativ planering i syfte att skapa goda förutsättningar för att förfina planeringsprocessen
    • Bidra med kunskap om hur en planerings- och beslutsprocess med flera aktörer med systematik bildar ett väl avvägt operativt underlag i händelse av krisscenario.

    Studien omfattar dokumentstudier samt intervjuer med STYRELsansvariga i kommun, region/landsting och länsstyrelse samt ansvariga på utvalda myndigheter. 

  • 15.
    Olausson, Pär M.
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Nyhlén, Jon
    Stockholms universitet.
    Strategic planning for power outages: “With reservation inaccuracies”2018Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Crises are often characterized as low-probability/high-consequence events (Weick1988), as they typically strike suddenly, are unexpected prior to their occurrence andare difficult to prepare for (Brown and Eriksson 2008). Compared to emergencies, crisesrequire a great deal of effort to cope with (Kendra and Wachtendorf 2003) and thereforewe develop crisis plans.Power supply is vital for the society to function, even more today with our reliance ontechnical inventions in almost all parts of our life. Disturbance in the power supply willmost probably have devastating effects in all areas in society (Rinaldi et al., 2001). Eventhough the power grid is rigid and redundant, it is vulnerable to various impacts, such aswhether conditions, aging of components, demolition, and cyber-attacks. Even if it isunlikely that power outages will occur, there is a need to plan for consequences ofpower shortage.STYREL is the Swedish planning process to manage early consequences of power outages.It is part of the emergency planning to build up preparedness in advance (MSB, 2011). Itintends to locate key consumers for functions of national importance. The processincludes all levels in the society, municipalities, county administrative board, expertorganizations such as Svenska kraftnät and Energimyndigheten, and the Government. Itis top down governed; however, information about what establishments that needs tobe protected comes from the municipality. In this paper, we focus on how STYREL cansupport decision making at the local level in case of power shortage. Since STYREL is atop-down process, we are primarily interested in the planning process at the local level.We focus on the integration of “STYREL” in the municipal emergency planning. How isSTYREL involved in the emergency planning process? How does the STYREL process,defined at higher-level authorities, affect the municipalities in their planning process?and How well do the STYREL process cover the municipality’s needs of support in case ofpower shortage?

  • 16.
    Olausson, Pär M.
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Große, Christine
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för informationssystem och -teknologi.
    Multi-Level Planning Systems for Critical Infrastructure Protection:: Planning for Power Shortage in Germany, Sweden and USA2018Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Electricity is a key resource for the majority of societal functions and constitutes an important sector in the critical infrastructure of modern societies. Disturbances in power supply can have cascading effects on interdependent public sectors and ordinary citizens (Rinaldi et al., 2001; Cohen, 2010; Ghanem et al., 2016). However, it seems nearly impossible to prevent the occurrence of power shortages. This has been evident in the aftermath of the hurricane Lee and the hurricane Maria in 2017. Because of the changing climate, an increase of hurricanes, flooding, and high river flows, are expected. The need of a national energy policy have been addressed (see e.g. Hoffman, 2015), including policy for manual power cut in the case of power shortage. The Swedish Energy Agency has developed a national policy for handling national power shortage. The policy, called STYREL is part of Swedish Crisis Management System. This paper focus on the Swedish power shortage policy, STYREL in relation to national policies in Germany and the USA. The aim is to compare the three countries policies in the event of power shortage. The focus is on the organization of the planning process, which actors are part of the process, and how the societal important users are identified and ranked. Policy networks, including actors from both public and private sector are of special interest.

  • 17.
    Olsson, Inger
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Millet, Patrick
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Olsson, Göran
    Bergroth, Alf
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Social welfare in Singapore and Sweden: Differences in organisational systems of health care, social security and rehabilitation.2008Inngår i: International Journal of Disability Mangement Research, ISSN 1833-8550, E-ISSN 1834-4887, Vol. 2, nr 3, s. 30-38Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study is to describe and compare the health care, social security and rehabilitation systems in Singapore and Sweden. Two fundamental differences can be identified. First, the system in Singapore are strongly oriented towards a free market system, while Sweden’s demonstrates strong public control. Second, following from how the systems are oriented, Singaporeans are expected to have a higher degree of independence and control over their health care, social security and rehabilitation. It appears that Singapore has had greater success in attaining and maintaining a system of health promotion, which influences the three systems. However, the Swedish welfare system provides greater security to those who are in need of health care, social security and rehabilitation.

     

  • 18.
    Petridou, Evangelia
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Political Entrepreneurship in Swedish: Towards a (Re)Theorization of Entrepreneurial Agency2017Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Public policies affect all of us, regardless of who we are or where we live. The study of public policymaking necessarily entails the study of the entire political system and to this end, researchers employ a multitude of frameworks, theories, and models, which tend to be complementary rather than mutually exclusive. The focus of this dissertation is on political entrepreneurship as an actor-based framework to examine and understand policy change. The dissertation’s main aim is to conceptually enhance entrepreneurship and the entrepreneur in the polis by leveraging them in the Swedish political context. In this research, political entrepreneurship and the political entrepreneur are examined in the background of the Swedish corporatist policymaking system with its consensual sensibilities. The five (two theoretical and three empirical) papers as well as the cover essay comprising this dissertation attempt to answer the following questions: first, how do contextual factors inform the realization of entrepreneurial agency? Second, how do contextual factors inform the strategies entrepreneurial actors use to affect change? Third, what is the role of political entrepreneurship and the political entrepreneur in macro-level theories such as critical junctures and policy transfer? Contextual factors here are understood to be the general political system; the level of governance; the substantive policy sector, and the stage of the policy process. Predominantly qualitative methods and a variety of analytical tools, ranging from formal social network analysis (SNA) to process tracing are used to investigate the research questions in the national, regional, and local levels of governance and in the fields of crisis management, risk governance, and economic development respectively. Findings suggest that overwhelmingly, political entrepreneurs come from the ranks of public officials and thus political entrepreneurship is a feature of the policy implementation stage rather than the agenda setting stage of policymaking. There is not a place for the outsider, single issue entrepreneur in the Swedish consensual system, which provides for extensive inclusion, but of actors organized in interest groups. Political entrepreneurs are action-oriented, problem solving doers, characterized by perseverance and resourcefulness and are key in consolidating policy change in the aftermath of a crisis. Though in broad terms the strategies political entrepreneurs use in the Swedish context are concomitant with the ones used in pluralistic contexts, specificities diverge. In the Swedish corporatist consensual system, political entrepreneurship becomes a conduit facilitating interconnections among a multitude of actors; opens up additional channels of communication, while the political entrepreneur is a network maker. Finally, political entrepreneurship is focused on forging a consensus rather than winning the competition: the art of quiet cooperation and collaboration. 

  • 19.
    Petridou, Evangelia
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Ioannides, Dimitri
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Creative serendipity: when art and public entrepreneurship revitalize a downtown2013Inngår i: Regioner, regionalism och entreprenörskap / [ed] Pär Olausson and Jon Nyhlén, Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University , 2013, s. 120-138Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 20.
    Petridou, Evangelia
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Narbutaité Aflaki, Inga
    Karlstad.
    Miles, Lee
    Loughborough.
    Unpacking the Theoretical Boxes of Political Entrepreneurship2015Inngår i: Entrepreneurship in the Polis: Understanding Political Entrepreneurship / [ed] Narbutaité Aflaki, Inga, Petridou Evangelia, and Miles, Lee, Aldershot: Ashgate, 2015, s. 1-16Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 21.
    Petridou, Evangelia
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Olausson, Pär
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Policy Entrepreneurship and Policy Transfer: Flood Risk Governance in Northern Sweden2017Inngår i: Central European Journal of Public Policy, ISSN 1802-4866, E-ISSN 1802-4866, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 1-12Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Central to policies relating to risk governance at the regional and local levels is the interactions between the public and private sectors also referred to as networked governance. At the same time, the role of political actors in general and policy entrepreneurs in particular in terms of policy change has gained considerable traction in recent policy scholarship. The purpose of this study was to investigate the change in governance arrangements resulting in the formation of a coordination network in regional flood risk management—the first of its kind in Sweden. Our research is guided by the following questions:  first, would the policy change (the establishment of the networks) have taken place if a policy entrepreneur were not part of the policy transfer process? Second, what is the role of policy entrepreneurship in the implementation of the policy after its nationwide adoption? Third, what other factors played a role in the variation of the results in the implemented policy that is, the enforced networks? We find the role of a policy entrepreneur key in the policy transfer from the regional to the national level. In order to investigate the resultant networks, we draw from B. Guy Peters (1998) and his conceptualization of factors which affect the politics of coordination. In addition to the presence of a policy entrepreneur, we compare: (i) pluriformity of network members; (ii) member interdependence; (iii) redundancy of structures, and (iv) degree of formality (in terms of meetings). Our findings suggest that entrepreneurs contribute to the variation in the functionality of the enforced river groups, though other factors play a significant role as well. Most importantly, perhaps, we did not identify entrepreneurs in any of the river groups which were not functional.

  • 22.
    Petridou, Evangelia
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap.
    Olausson, Pär M.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap.
    Ioannides, Dimitri
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för ekonomi, geografi, juridik och turism.
    Nascent island tourism policy development in Greenland: A network perspective2019Inngår i: Island Studies Journal, ISSN 1715-2593, E-ISSN 1715-2593, Vol. 14, nr 2, s. 227-244Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Following its achievement of Self-Rule status in 2009 Greenland embarked on a series of measures to diversify its economy with an eye towards eventually gaining full independence from Denmark. Tourism was underlined as a key sector for reaching this goal and, consequently, over the last few years there has been a concerted effort to develop the island as an important polar destination. Significantly, the Greenlandic government created the tourism development policy for 2016-2020, which it views as a key instrument for shaping the sector’s future. In this paper, we adopted a policy network approach to determine the relational architecture among various stakeholders from the public and private sectors who are seen as relevant to tourism’s development. Inter alia, we examined how these actors were linked to each other while examining what kind of tourism networks existed in Greenland and what obstacles might hinder or foster their formation. A thematic analysis of qualitative data on Atlas.ti reveals that though there exist networks in the Greenlandic tourism sector, they are not policy networks and that the Greenlandic government’s approach to developing this tourism policy has been top-down, reflecting a ‘government’ rather than a ‘governance’ approach. Barriers to the formation of policy networks included lack of a shared image for the future; lack of trust among actors; lack of time and spatial fragmentation hindering iterative interactions, and lack of institutional enabling of information and knowledge sharing. 

  • 23.
    Petridou, Evangelia
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    von Bergmann-Winberg, Marie-Louise
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Alebaki, Maria
    Entrepreneurship in Times of Crisis: A Resilience Perspective on the Greek Wine Sector2018Inngår i: Governance and Political Entrepreneurship in Europe: Promoting Growth and Welfare in Times of Crisis / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Charlotte Silander, Daniel Silander, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, s. 207-227Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 24.
    Stage, Jesper
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Uwera, Claudine
    Institutionen för nationalekonomi, Göteborgs universitet.
    Water management and pricing in the urban areas of Rwanda: the case of Kigali city2012Inngår i: Water Utility Management International, ISSN 1747-7751, Vol. 7, nr 3, s. 13-17Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we study the current water pricing system practised in Kigali, Rwanda, and evaluate the potential for efficiency gains by moving to other alternatives. Notably, our numerical examples indicate that a change in the system for connection fees could make it easier for households to gain access to the piped water network, which should be beneficial both for household welfare and for health. Moreover, all households currently pay less than the cost recovery price for their water, suggesting that a change in the tariff block structure could lead to more efficient water use and improved funding for maintenance of the water network.

1 - 24 of 24
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