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  • 1.
    Alm, Fredrik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Produktion av biokol i Östersunds kommun2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To reach the goal set by the Paris agreement it’s not enough to reduce greenhouse gas emission but to also capture and store it. One way to do that is to increase the ability for plants and soils to store carbon, where biochar can play an important role. Biochar is produced by pyrolysis, when organic matter is heated without access to oxygen.

    This study has looked at the conditions to build a production facility for biochar in the municipality of Östersund. To see what materials that can be made available to produce biochar from, data has been collected from the waste disposal facility of Gräfsåsen. Other projects have been studied to produce an economic overview and appropriate locations for the facility have been compared. The result from the study provided ten different materials, where three of them passed the criteria’s that were set (garden waste, sludge and organic waste from households). The economic overview showed that the economic feasibility of a project in Östersund differ due to an undeveloped market for biochar and what level of government support the project can get. Three different locations for the facility was compared by three factors.

    The discussion illuminates the importance to consider the materials content of hazardous components, like plastics in organic waste and heavy metals in sludge, when choosing the best material to produce biochar from. It’s also important to see the whole, where a production of biochar can interact together with the rest of the waste disposal, energy- and fuel system, to create a circular system where resources and nutrients are used in a sustainable way. To identify these connections further studies are required. 

    The conclusion shows that garden waste is the most appropriate material to produce biochar from. Furthermore, many different factors affect the economic feasibility for an establishment of a production facility. To propose one suitable location, for a production facility, a more in-depth analysis need to be made

  • 2.
    Andersson, Andreas
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering. Uppsala University, Uppsala.
    Sjöblom, A.
    Uppsala University, Uppsala; University Centre in Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway.
    Sahlée, E.
    Uppsala University, Uppsala.
    Falck, E.
    University Centre in Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway.
    Rutgersson, A.
    Uppsala University, Uppsala.
    Enhanced Air–Sea Exchange of Heat and Carbon Dioxide Over a High Arctic Fjord During Unstable Very-Close-to-Neutral Conditions2019In: Boundary-layer Meteorology, ISSN 0006-8314, E-ISSN 1573-1472, Vol. 170, no 3, p. 471-488Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Eddy-covariance measurements made in the marine atmospheric boundary layer above a high Arctic fjord (Adventfjorden, Svalbard) are analyzed. When conditions are unstable, but close to neutral −0.1 < z/L < 0, where z is the height, and L is the Obukhov length, the exchange coefficient for sensible heat CH is significantly enhanced compared with that expected from classical surface-layer theory. Cospectra of the vertical velocity component (w) and temperature (T) reveal that a high-frequency peak develops at f ≈ 1 Hz for z/L > − 0.15. A quadrant analysis reveals that the contribution from downdrafts to the vertical heat flux increases as conditions become close to neutral. These findings are the signature of the evolving unstable very-close-to-neutral (UVCN) regime previously shown to enhance the magnitude of sensible and latent heat fluxes in the marine surface layer over the Baltic Sea. Our data reveal the significance of the UVCN regime for the vertical flux of the carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration (C). The cospectrum of w and C clearly shows how the high-frequency peak grows in magnitude for z/L > − 0.15, while the high-frequency peak dominates for z/L > − 0.02. As found for the heat flux, the quadrant analysis of the CO2 flux shows a connection between the additional small-scale turbulence and downdrafts from above. In contrast to the vertical fluxes of sensible and latent heat, which are primarily enhanced by the very different properties of the air from aloft (colder and drier) during UVCN conditions, the increase in the air–sea transfer of CO2 is possibly a result of the additional small-scale turbulence causing an increase in the water-side turbulence. The data indicate an increase in the gas-transfer velocity for CO2 for z/L > − 0.15 but with a large scatter. During the nearly 2 months of continuous measurements (March–April 2013), as much as 36% of all data are associated with the stability range −0.15 < z/L < 0, suggesting that the UVCN regime is of significance in the wintertime Arctic for the air–sea transfer of heat and possibly also CO2.

  • 3.
    Boltemo Edholm, Jenny
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    How can Ecosystem Services be implemented in local Climate Adaptation?: A case study of Arjeplog2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Ecosystem services are essential for human climate adaptation. As climate change is a direct driver of change for ecosystem service provisioning, it is of importance to care for our ecosystems to be able to cope with future challenges. Local governance has a central role in climate adaptation due to its responsibility in physical planning. To be able to plan for changes driven by climate change, a flexible, adaptive strategy is necessary. Ecosystem-based Adaptation, EbA, can provide this flexibility to an overall adaptation strategy. In this case study, the potential of EbA to help Nature-based Tourism, NbT, to adapt to a changing climate was spatially mapped to be a useful part of the basis for local physical planning. The mapping includes areas of biodiversity, water infrastructure and features that provide resilience to climate change. The results show that there are areas with potential for EbA that can address adverse effects of climate change for the NbT. These spatial mapped areas provide an instant overview of the key areas to consider when planning for climate adaptation. These mapped areas are also combined with a qualitative assessment of the potential for EbA. By providing decision-makers with information on where and how ecosystem services can assist local climate adaptation, decisions that support both the future of humanity and ecosystems are enabled. However, to reach enforcement of EbA, the knowledge has to be included in binding documents such as detail plans.

  • 4.
    Brink, Kristina
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Design.
    Danielski, Itai
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Fagerholm, Anna-Sara
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Design.
    Fagerholm, Niklas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Design.
    Grönlund, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Slutrapport: Universell utformning av Foodtech2019Report (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Eliasson, Anja
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Hållbar tillväxt hos svenska kommuner: På väg mot hållbar utveckling eller fast i gamla hjulspår?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Given the great environmental problems the world is facing, it is becoming increasingly apparent that structural changes on a bigger scale are needed to steer the world in a more sustainable direction. How we manage our economy needs to be changed in order to better integrate with the maintenance of the earth’s systems. Several of the large international organizations and leaders of many of the world’s countries hope that we through sustainable growth will be able to steer our production and consumption to more environmentally friendly forms and thus solve the climate crisis while developing the world economy. This study examines how Swedish municipalities work with sustainable growth and whether their work contributes to achieving sustainable development. Data from all 290 municipalities have been investigated and the results has been categorized through the Swedish Standards Institutes (SIS) management system for sustainable development. Subsequently, the results have been analysed through various theories linked to sustainable development. Of all the Swedish municipalities, only 27 percent have an awareness of the concept. 11 percent have integrated the concept and have goals related to it. Through SIS it becomes apparent that goals concerning environment and climate issues have a very low prevalence. Instead it becomes clear that it is goals related to business and local economy that have both the highest dispersion and priority. The Swedish municipalities' work on sustainable growth does not contribute to the fulfilment of sustainable development and the bigger question raised is whether sustainable growth as a paradigm helps or not. Perhaps it is time to abandon growth as a concept entirely and instead talk about the society and the values we want to see in the future beyond economic growth.

  • 6.
    Englund, Oskar
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering. Englund GeoLab; Chalmers.
    Börjesson, Pål
    Lund University.
    Berndes, Göran
    Chalmers.
    Scarlat, Nicolae
    European Commission. Joint Research Centre (JRC), Ispra, Italy.
    Dallemand, Jean-Francois
    European Commission. Joint Research Centre (JRC), Ispra, Italy.
    Grizzetti, Bruna
    European Commission. Joint Research Centre (JRC), Ispra, Italy.
    Dimitriou, Ioannis
    SLU.
    Mola-Yudego, Blas
    SLU; University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland.
    Fahl, Fernando
    European Commission. Joint Research Centre (JRC), Ispra, Italy.
    Beneficial land use change: Strategic expansion of new biomass plantations can reduce environmental impacts from EU agriculture2019Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Society faces the double challenge of addressing negative impacts of current land use, while increasing biomass production to meet the future demands for food, materials and bioenergy. Potential impacts of increasing the biomass supply are subject to debate. In the discourse, land use change (LUC) has often been considered as negative, referring to impacts of deforestation and cropland expansion. At the same time, LUC is considered necessary for mitigating impacts of existing land use. Strategic establishment of suitable crop cultivation systems in agricultural landscapes can mitigate environmental impacts of current crop production, while providing biomass for the bioeconomy. Here, we explore the potential for such “beneficial LUC” in EU28, based on high-resolution land use modeling. First, we map and quantify the degree of accumulated soil organic carbon losses, wind and water erosion, nitrogen emissions to water, and recurring flooding, in ~81.000 individual sub-watersheds in EU28. We then estimate the effectiveness in mitigating these impacts through establishment of perennial plants, in each sub-watershed. Finally, we identify areas where perennialization may be particularly beneficial from an environmental point of view. The results indicate that there is a substantial potential for effective mitigation, regarding all the assessed impacts. Depending on criteria selection, some 10-46% of the land used for annual crop production in EU28 is located in landscapes that could be considered priority areas for beneficial LUC. While some recent policy development is favorable for promoting beneficial LUC, the effectiveness could be increased by seeking synergies between climate change mitigation, energy security, and other societal goals. One way forward can be to identify and promote options for biomass production in the context of SDG implementation.

  • 7.
    Englund, Oskar
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Börjesson, Pål
    Lund University.
    Berndes, Göran
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Scarlat, Nicolae
    European Commission. Joint Research Centre (JRC), Ispra, Italy.
    Dallemand, Jean-Francois
    European Commission. Joint Research Centre (JRC), Ispra, Italy.
    Grizzetti, Bruna
    European Commission. Joint Research Centre (JRC), Ispra, Italy.
    Dimitriou, Ioannis
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Mola-Yudego, Blas
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences / University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu.
    Fahl, Fernando
    GFT Italia S.r.l., Milano, Italy.
    Beneficial land use change: Strategic expansion of new biomass plantations can reduce environmental impacts from EU agriculture2020In: Global Environmental Change, ISSN 0959-3780, E-ISSN 1872-9495, Vol. 60, article id 101990Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Society faces the double challenge of increasing biomass production to meet the future demands for food, materials and bioenergy, while addressing negative impacts of current (and future) land use. In the discourse, land use change (LUC) has often been considered as negative, referring to impacts of deforestation and expansion of biomass plantations. However, strategic establishment of suitable perennial production systems in agricultural landscapes can mitigate environmental impacts of current crop production, while providing biomass for the bioeconomy. Here, we explore the potential for such “beneficial LUC” in EU28. First, we map and quantify the degree of accumulated soil organic carbon losses, soil loss by wind and water erosion, nitrogen emissions to water, and recurring floods, in ∼81.000 individual landscapes in EU28. We then estimate the effectiveness in mitigating these impacts through establishment of perennial plants, in each landscape. The results indicate that there is a substantial potential for effective impact mitigation. Depending on criteria selection, 10–46% of the land used for annual crop production in EU28 is located in landscapes that could be considered priority areas for beneficial LUC. These areas are scattered all over Europe, but there are notable “hot-spots” where priority areas are concentrated, e.g., large parts of Denmark, western UK, The Po valley in Italy, and the Danube basin. While some policy developments support beneficial LUC, implementation could benefit from attempts to realize synergies between different Sustainable Development Goals, e.g., “Zero hunger”, “Clean water and sanitation”, “Affordable and Clean Energy”, “Climate Action”, and “Life on Land”.

  • 8.
    Freitas, Flavio L M
    et al.
    KTH, Hållbarhet, utvärdering och styrning.
    Sparovek, Gerd
    Univ Sao Paulo, Soil Sci Dept, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil.
    Berndes, Göran
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Dept Space Earth & Environm, Phys Resource Theory, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Persson, Martin
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Dept Space Earth & Environm, Phys Resource Theory, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Englund, Oskar
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering. Chalmers Univ Technol, Dept Space Earth & Environm, Phys Resource Theory, Gothenburg, Sweden .
    Baretto, Alberto
    Univ Sao Paulo, Soil Sci Dept, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil.
    Mörtberg, Ulla
    KTH, Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik.
    Potential increase of legal deforestation in Brazilian Amazon after Forest Act revision2018In: Nature Sustainability, E-ISSN 2398-9629, Vol. 1, no 11, p. 665-670Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Brazilian Amazon rainforest is protected largely by command and control regulation of public and private land. The Brazilian Forest Act requires private landholders within the Amazon to set aside 80% of their land as legal reserves for nature protection, but this requirement can be reduced to 50% if more than 65% of a state’s territory is protected public land (for example, public conservation units and indigenous reserves). In the ongoing land designation process in Brazil, some Amazonian states may cross this 65% threshold. We assess the potential reduction in the legal reserve requirement from 80% to 50%, through spatially explicit modelling of scenarios concerning land tenure consolidation, employing up-to-date databases on land ownership. Depending on the outcome of land designation processes and political priorities, some 6.5–15.4 million hectares of private land previously protected as legal reserves may become available for legal deforestation. While protection of public land is crucial for safeguarding the Amazon, revisions of federal and state legislation may be needed to avoid the further extension of protected public land triggering increased legal deforestation on private lands. Zero-deforestation commitments and other initiatives may mitigate impacts in the absence of such revision.

  • 9.
    Grönlund, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Different modelling approaches to address sustainability with emergy accounting2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Emergy analysis (emergy synthesis) is one of the methods in the sustainability assessment toolbox. In the way it is using stocks and flows of energy and matter it is similar to Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Material Flow Analysis (MFA) and Substance Flow Analysis (SFA). However, Emergy accounting also includes stocks and flows of money and information. In its mechanism of relating to a global baseline of renewable flows Emergy accounting is similar to Ecological footprints in that it is not just revealing which of two alternatives is using more or less of different stocks or flows but also comparing the use to available renewable flows on a global annual basis.

    This paper address the contribution of four different aspects of Emergy analysis, to the overarching goal of sustainability from a modelling perspective.

    The four different approaches of assessing sustainability identified are: 1) the Emergy Sustainability Index (ESI), 2) emergy as a normalizing measure, 3) emergy as a network measure, and 4) the pulsing paradigm.

  • 10.
    Grönlund, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Emergi och miljömål2019In: Emergy Scandinavia 2019: Assessing both Nature and Society / [ed] Erik Grönlund, Östersund: Department of Ecotechnology and Sustainable Building Engineering, Mid Sweden University , 2019, p. 41-48Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Grönlund, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Emergipublikationer med anknytning till Skandinavien 1994-20182019In: Emergy Scandinavia 2019: Assessing both Nature and Society / [ed] Erik Grönlund, Östersund: Department of Ecotechnology and Sustainable Building Engineering, Mid Sweden University , 2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Grönlund, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Emergipublikationer med anknytning till Sverige 1994-20182019Report (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Grönlund, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Emergy Scandinavia 2019: Assessing both Nature and Society2019Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Grönlund, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Handelsutbyte – emergi inkluderar ekosystemtjänsterna?2019In: Emergy Scandinavia 2019: Assessing both Nature and Society / [ed] Erik Grönlund, Östersund: Department of Ecotechnology and Sustainable Building Engineering, Mid Sweden University , 2019, p. 51-54Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Grönlund, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Norrland vs. Mälardalen – vafan får vi för pengarna?2019In: Emergy Scandinavia 2019: Assessing both Nature and Society / [ed] Erik Grönlund, Östersund: Department of Ecotechnology and Sustainable Building Engineering, Mid Sweden University , 2019, p. 55-57Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Grönlund, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Why is emergy so difficult to explain to my environmental science friends?2019In: Emergy Scandinavia 2019: Assessing both Nature and Society / [ed] Erik Grönlund, Östersund: Department of Ecotechnology and Sustainable Building Engineering, Mid Sweden University , 2019, p. 27-38Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Grönlund, Erik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    van den Brink, Paul
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Emergi som kompletterande indikator till CLD-modellering av miljömålen ifjällandskapet2019In: Emergy Scandinavia 2019: Assessing both Nature and Society / [ed] Erik Grönlund, Östersund: Department of Ecotechnology and Sustainable Building Engineering, Mid Sweden University , 2019, p. 39-40Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Grönlund, Erik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    van den Brink, Paul
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    What to include in carbon budget models in Swedish forests?2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish legislation regarding forestry, the Forestry Act from 1994, states that forestry should promote forests’ production and environmental values equally. Simultaneously extracting biomass resources for renewable materials and products while preserving and enhancing forest environments and biodiversity is a challenging task.

    In this paper, the balancing question is problematized with focus on what items and relationships to include in forest models with a special focus on carbon budgets.

    The results show that the biodiversity aspect is more difficult to capture in the models than the production data.

  • 19.
    Grönlund, Sven Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Indicators and methods to assess sustainability of wastewater sludge management in the perspective of two systems ecology models2019In: Ecological Indicators, ISSN 1470-160X, E-ISSN 1872-7034, Vol. 100, no May 2019, p. 45-54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper, inspired by Sven Erik Jørgensen's academic life, takes a systems ecology perspective on sustainability in wastewater sludge management. First, an overview identifies the indicators and methods currently used to assess sustainability and sustainable development in the area of wastewater sludge. Second, two systems ecology conceptual models are presented. Third, the indicators and methods are discussed in the perspective of these systems ecology models. Four methods were found common in assessing wastewater sludge sustainability: Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Exergy Analysis (ExA), Emergy Analysis (EmA), and Cost Benefit Analysis (CBA). Environmental Risk Assessment (ERA) was added since it was found to be used in the larger wastewater treatment context, and complements the other four methods. When comparing the indicators and methods with the systems ecology models it was found that no method covered every aspect of the models. ExA, EmA and ERA covered the full extent of the models but not from every aspect interesting from a sustainability point of view. LCA and CBA had a lower reach at the ecosystem side of the models, but produced deeper knowledge regarding environmental impacts for LCA, and economic flows and storages for CBA. The investigation concludes that a complementary approach of methods and indicators is needed to assess sustainability, and they are suggested to be used in an integrated way, in the spirit of Sven Erik Jørgensen's findings. 

  • 20.
    Haller, Henrik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Business Models for reclaiming contaminated soil2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Haller, Henrik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Food security and polluted soil: risks and opportunities for food production on polluted soils2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Haller, Henrik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Growth substrate and other products from fibrous forest residues: –replacing peat and creating value from waste2019Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 23.
    Haller, Henrik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Reforestación como un medio para capturar carbono, combatir pobreza y remediar suelos en Mesoamérica2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Haller, Henrik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Englund, Oskar
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    van den Brink, Paul
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Inventory of appropriate material and energy flows for foodtech applications in the municipality of Härnösand.2020Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 25.
    Haller, Henrik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Flores-Carmenate, Ginnette
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Jonsson, Anders
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Governance for Sustainable Remediation of Polluted Soil in Developing Countries2020In: Sustainability Concept In Developing Countries, London: IntechOpen , 2020Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Environmental governance is a challenge for many developing countries, and soil pollution is typically overlooked by authorities in the Global South. Soil governance should protect people and environment from the hazards of pollution and promote sustainable remediation of polluted sites through legislation and soil policies that facilitate the use of appropriate technology. Today, however, the soil governance landscape is highly fragmented and often fails to adequately address these concerns. Combining soil remediation with profitable activities (alone or in combination) such as food and fiber production, biomass energy production, erosion control, carbon sequestration, favoring biodiversity, etc. is potentially an appropriate strategy to promote the decontamination of polluted agriculture soil in low-income countries. Many potential pitfalls follow such a strategy but decision support tools may provide insights from the latest scientific remediation findings to stakeholders in their exploration of policy options. This chapter explores challenges and opportunities for sustainable soil governance in developing countries.

  • 26.
    Haller, Henrik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Jonsson, Anders
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Phytoremediation and Agroforestry- mitigation of climate change, poverty reduction and cleaning of soils2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Jonsson, Elisie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Defining and assessing the first/last mile problem of public transport: A case study in Stockholm, Sweden2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The first/last mile (FM/LM) problem is directly connected to the accessibility of public transport, which in turn is linked to a reduction of problems such as greenhouse gas emissions, traffic congestion, and related health and environmental problems. Despite a growing interest of FM/LM studies, there is a lack of a common definition and framework. This study aims to define and develop a framework of the FM/LM problem and then evaluate the extent of FM/LM problems of public transport in a case study of Stockholm County. Thresholds are established using willingness to walk studies. A GIS service area model was built and used for case study relevant for the years 2019 and 2035.The first and last mile is defined as the distances between public transport and destination or residence, with problem areas defined as buildings outside of willingness to walk thresholds. Literature study shows a wide spread of thresholds, with individuals willing to walk further to faster services and a high willingness to walk in Stockholm compared to other cities. Almost all buildings currently lacking access to public transport are smaller houses in rural areas, with about a third being in holiday home areas. Future scenarios show that areas prioritized for development have access to public transport, with one exception; Arlanda/Märsta.The proposed method for evaluating FM/LM problems is less time-consuming and requires less data collection than some other methods, while still providing insight into areas lacking access to public transport. Most buildings in Stockholm currently have access to public transport, especially apartments and commercial buildings. Future development shows promise of improved public transport. However, if future development plans fail to account for population growth, the perceived accessibility of public transport will likely be negatively affected.

  • 28.
    Kehoe, Laura
    et al.
    Univ Oxford, Oxford Martin Sch, Oxford OX1 3BD, England.;Univ Oxford, Oxford, England..
    Reis, Tiago
    Catholic Univ Louvain, Earth & Life Inst, Louvain La Nueve, Belgium..
    Virah-Sawmy, Malika
    Humboldt Univ, Conservat Biogeog Lab, D-10099 Berlin, Germany.;Humboldt Univ, Berlin, Germany..
    Balmford, Andrew
    Univ Cambridge, Conservat Sci Grp, Conservat Res Inst, Cambridge CB2 8QZ, England.;Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England..
    Kuemmerle, Tobias
    Humboldt Univ, Conservat Biogeog Lab, D-10099 Berlin, Germany.;Humboldt Univ, Berlin, Germany..
    Knohl, Alexander
    Univ Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany..
    Antonelli, Alexandre
    Univ Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Hochkirch, Axel
    Univ Trier, Dept Biogeog, Trier, Germany..
    Vira, Bhaskar
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England..
    Massa, Bruno
    Univ Palermo, Dept Agr Food & Forest Sci, Palermo, Italy..
    Peres, Carlos A.
    Univ East Anglia, Norwich, Norfolk, England..
    Ammer, Christian
    Univ Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany..
    Goerg, Christoph
    Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci, Vienna, Austria..
    Schneider, Christoph
    Humboldt Univ, Dept Geog, Berlin, Germany..
    Curtis, David
    UCL, London, England..
    de la Pena, Eduardo
    Univ Ghent, Ghent, Belgium..
    Tello, Enric
    Univ Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain..
    Sperfeld, Erik
    Univ Koblenz Landau, Dept Biol, IfIN, Mainz, Germany..
    Corbera, Esteve
    Univ Autonoma Barcelona ICTA UAB, Barcelona, Spain..
    Morelli, Federico
    Czech Univ Life Sci Prague, Prague, Czech Republic..
    Valladares, Fernando
    Museum Nat Sci, Dept Biogeog & Global Change, Barcelona, Spain..
    Peterson, Garry
    Stockholm Univ, Stockholm Resilience Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Hide, Geoff
    Univ Salford, Salford, Lancs, England..
    Mace, Georgina
    UCL, London, England..
    Kallis, Giorgos
    Autonomous Univ Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain..
    Olsson, Gunilla Almered
    Univ Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Brumelis, Guntis
    Univ Latvia, Riga, Latvia..
    Alexanderson, Helena
    Lund Univ, Lund, Sweden..
    Haberl, Helmut
    Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci, Vienna, Austria..
    Nuissl, Henning
    Humboldt Univ, Dept Geog, Berlin, Germany..
    Kreft, Holger
    Univ Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany..
    Ghazoul, Jaboury
    Univ Utrecht, Prince Bernhard Chair Int Nat Conservat, Utrecht, Netherlands..
    Piotrowski, Jan A.
    Aarhus Univ, Dept Geosci, Aarhus, Denmark..
    Macdiarmid, Jennie
    Univ Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland..
    Newig, Jens
    Leuphana Univ, Luneburg, Germany..
    Fischer, Joern
    Leuphana Univ Lueneburg, Fac Sustainabil, Luneburg, Germany..
    Altringham, John
    Univ Leeds, Leeds, W Yorkshire, England..
    Gledhill, John
    Univ Manchester, Manchester, Lancs, England..
    Nielsen, Jonas O.
    Humboldt Univ, Berlin, Germany..
    Mueller, Joerg
    Univ Wurzburg, Dept Anim Ecol & Trop Biol, Wurzburg, Germany..
    Palmeirim, Jorge
    Univ Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Barlow, Jos
    Lancaster Environm Ctr, Lancaster, England..
    Alonso, Juan C.
    CSIC, Museo Nacl Ciencias Nat, Madrid, Spain..
    Presa Asencio, Juan Jose
    Univ Murcia, Dept Zool, Murcia, Spain..
    Steinberger, Julia K.
    Univ Leeds, Social Ecol & Ecol Econ, Leeds, W Yorkshire, England..
    Jones, Julia Patricia Gordon
    Bangor Univ, Bangor, Gwynedd, Wales..
    Cabral, Juliano Sarmento
    Univ Wurzburg, Wurzburg, Germany..
    Dengler, Juergen
    Univ Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany..
    Stibral, Karel
    Masaryk Univ, Dept Environm Studies, Brno, Czech Republic..
    Erb, Karlheinz
    Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci, Vienna, Austria..
    Rothhaupt, Karl-Otto
    Univ Konstanz, Constance, Germany..
    Wiegand, Kerstin
    Univ Gottingen, Ecosyst Modelling, Gottingen, Germany..
    Cassar, Louis F.
    Univ Malta, Inst Earth Syst, Msida, Malta..
    Lens, Luc
    Univ Ghent, Ghent, Belgium..
    Rosalino, Luis Miguel
    Univ Lisbon, Fac Ciencias, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Wassen, M. J.
    Univ Utrecht, Copernicus Inst Sustainable Dev, Utrecht, Netherlands..
    Stenseke, Marie
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Econ & Soc, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Fischer-Kowalski, Marina
    Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci, Vienna, Austria..
    Diaz, Mario
    Museum Nat Sci, Dept Biogeog & Global Change, Barcelona, Spain..
    Rounsevell, Mark
    Karlsruhe Inst Technol, Karlsruhe, Germany.;Univ Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    van Kleunen, Mark
    Univ Konstanz, Constance, Germany..
    Junginger, Martin
    Univ Utrecht, Copernicus Inst Sustainable Dev, Utrecht, Netherlands..
    Kaltenpoth, Martin
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Organism & Mol Evolut, Mainz, Germany..
    Zobel, Martin
    Univ Tartu, Tartu, Estonia..
    Weigend, Maximilian
    Rhein Friedrich Wilhelms Univ Bonn, Bonn, Germany..
    Partel, Meelis
    Univ Tartu, Tartu, Estonia..
    Schilthuizen, Menno
    Leiden Univ, Inst Biol Leiden, Leiden, Netherlands..
    Bastos Araujo, Miguel
    Museo Nacl Ciencias Nat, Dep Biogeog & Global Change, Barcelona, Spain..
    Haklay, Muki
    UCL, London, England..
    Eisenhauer, Nico
    Univ Leipzig, IDiv, Leipzig, Germany..
    Selva, Nuria
    Polish Acad Sci, Inst Nat Conservat, Krakow, Poland..
    Mertz, Ole
    Univ Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Meyfroidt, Patrick
    Catholic Univ Louvain, Louvain, Belgium..
    Borges, Paulo A. V.
    Univ Azores, Azores, Portugal..
    Kovar, Pavel
    Charles Univ Prague, Fac Sci, Prague, Czech Republic..
    Smith, Pete
    Univ Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland..
    Verburg, Peter
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Pysek, Petr
    Czech Acad Sci, Inst Bot, Pruhonice, Czech Republic..
    Seppelt, Ralf
    UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Leipzig, Germany..
    Valentini, Riccardo
    Univ Tuscia, DIBAF, Viterbo, Italy..
    Whittaker, Robert J.
    Univ Oxford, Oxford, England..
    Henrique Faria, Sergio
    Basque Ctr Climate Change, Leioa, Spain..
    Ulgiati, Sergio
    Parthenope Univ Napoli, Dept Sci & Technol, Naples, Italy..
    Loetters, Stefan
    Univ Trier, Dept Biogeog, Trier, Germany..
    Bjorck, Svante
    Lund Univ, Dept Geol, Lund, Sweden..
    Larson, Sven Ake
    Gothenburg Univ, Ctr Earth Sci, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Tscharntke, Teja
    Univ Gottingen, Agroecol, Gottingen, Germany..
    Domingos, Tiago
    Univ Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Krueger, Tobias
    Humboldt Univ, Berlin, Germany..
    Pascual, Unai
    Basque Ctr Climate Change, Leioa, Spain..
    Olsson, Urban
    Univ Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Kati, Vassiliki
    Univ Ioannina, Dept Biol Applicat & Technol, Ioannina, Greece..
    Winiwarter, Verena
    Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci, Vienna, Austria..
    Reyes-Garcia, Victoria
    Autonomous Univ Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain..
    Vajda, Vivi
    Swedish Museum Nat Hist, Dept Paleobiol, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Sutherland, William J.
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England..
    de Waroux, Yann le Polain
    Alumnus Univ Louvain, Louvain, Belgium..
    Buckley, Yvonne
    Trinity Coll Dublin, Dublin, Ireland..
    Rammig, Anja
    Tech Univ Munich, Munich, Germany..
    Kasimir, Asa
    Univ Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Crona, Beatrice
    Royal Swedish Acad Sci, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Sindicic, Magda
    Univ Zagreb, Fac Vet Med, Zagreb, Croatia..
    Persson, Martin
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Lapka, Miloslav
    Univ South Bohemia, Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic..
    Di Gregorio, Monica
    Univ Leeds, Leeds, W Yorkshire, England..
    Hahn, Thomas
    Stockholm Univ, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Boonstra, Wiebren
    Stockholm Univ, Stockholm Resilience Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Lipsky, Zdenek
    Charles Univ Prague, Fac Sci, Prague, Czech Republic..
    Zucaro, A.
    Parthenope Univ Napoli, Dept Sci & Technol, Naples, Italy..
    Roeder, Achim
    Univ Trier, Dept Environm Remote Sensing & Geoinformat, Trier, Germany..
    Lopez Baucells, Adria
    Granollers Museum Nat Sci, Catalonia, Spain..
    Danet, Alain
    Museum Natl Hist Nat, Paris, France..
    Franco, Aldina
    Univ East Anglia, Norwich, Norfolk, England..
    Nieto Roman, Alejandra
    CSIC, Museum Nat Sci, Madrid, Spain..
    Lehikoinen, Aleksi
    Univ Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland..
    Collalti, Alessio
    Natl Res Council Italy, Rome, Italy..
    Keller, Alexander
    Univ Wurzburg, Ctr Computat & Theoret Biol, Wurzburg, Germany..
    Strugariu, Alexandru
    Alexandru Ioan Cuza Univ, Dept Biol Res, Iasi, Romania..
    Perrigo, Allison
    Univ Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Fernandez-Llamazares, Alvaro
    Univ Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland..
    Salaseviciene, Alvija
    Kaunas Univ Technol, Food Inst, Kaunas, Lithuania..
    Hinsley, Amy
    Univ Oxford, Oxford, England..
    Santos, Ana M. C.
    Univ Alcala De Henares, Dept Life Sci, Alcala De Henares, Spain..
    Novoa, Ana
    Czech Acad Sci, Inst Bot, Pruhonice, Czech Republic..
    Rodrigues, Ana
    Natl Ctr Sci Res, Montpellier, France..
    Mascarenhas, Andre
    Leibniz Inst Evolut & Biodivers Sci, Leipzig, Germany..
    Martins, Andrea Damacena
    Holzschuh, Andrea
    Univ Wurzburg, Dept Anim Ecol & Trop Biol, Wurzburg, Germany..
    Meseguer, Andrea S.
    Real Jardin Bot Madrid RJB CSIC, Madrid, Spain..
    Hadjichambis, Andreas
    Cyprus Ctr Environm Res & Educ, Limassol, Cyprus..
    Mayer, Andreas
    Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci, Vienna, Austria..
    Hacket-Pain, Andrew
    Univ Liverpool, Liverpool, Merseyside, England..
    Ringsmuth, Andrew
    Stockholm Univ, Stockholm Resilience Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden..
    de Frutos, Angel
    Inst Pirenaico Ecol CSIC, E-50080 Zaragoza, Spain..
    Stein, Anke
    Univ Konstanz, Constance, Germany..
    Heikkinen, Anna
    Tampere Univ, Fac Management & Business, Tampere, Finland..
    Smith, Annabel
    Trinity Coll Dublin, Dublin, Ireland..
    Bjoersne, Anna-Karin
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Earth Sci, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Bagneres, Anne-Genevieve
    CNRS Montpellier, Montpellier, France..
    Machordom, Annie
    Museo Nacl Ciencias Nat, Madrid, Spain..
    Kristin, Anton
    Inst Forest Ecol SAS, Zvolen, Slovakia.;Slovak Acad Sci, Inst Forest Ecol, Bratislava, Slovakia..
    Ghoddousi, Arash
    Humboldt Univ, Berlin, Germany..
    Staal, Arie
    Wageningen Univ, Wageningen, Netherlands.;Stockholm Resilience Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Martin, Arnaud
    Univ Montpellier, Montpellier, France..
    Taylor, Astrid
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Borrell, Asuncion
    Univ Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain..
    Marescaux, Audrey
    Sorbonne Univ, Paris, France..
    Torres, Aurora
    German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Leipzig, Germany..
    Helm, Aveliina
    Univ Tartu, Tartu, Estonia..
    Bauer, Barbara
    IDiv German Ctr Integrat Biodivers, Leipzig, Germany..
    Smetschka, Barbara
    Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci, Vienna, Austria..
    Rodriguez-Labajos, Beatriz
    Autonomous Univ Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain..
    Peco, Begona
    Univ Autonoma Madrid, Dept Ecol, Madrid, Spain..
    Gambin, Belinda
    Univ Malta, Inst Earth Syst, Msida, Malta..
    Celine, Bellard
    Univ Paris Saclay, Paris, France..
    Phalan, Ben
    Alumnus Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England..
    Cotta, Benedetta
    Leuphana Univ, Luneburg, Germany..
    Rugani, Benedetto
    LIST, Luxembourg, Luxembourg..
    Jarcuska, Benjamin
    Slovak Acad Sci, Inst Forest Ecol, Bratislava, Slovakia..
    Leroy, Boris
    Museum Natl Hist Nat, Biol Aquat Organismes & Ecosyst, Paris, France..
    Nikolov, Boris Petrov
    Bulgarian Acad Sci, Inst Biodivers & Ecosyst, Sofia, Bulgaria..
    Milchev, Boyan Petrov
    Univ Forestry, Sofia, Bulgaria..
    Brown, Calum
    Karlsruhe Inst Technol, Karlsruhe, Germany..
    Ritter, Camila Duarte
    Univ Duisburg Essen, Essen, Germany..
    Gomes, Carmen Bessa
    Univ Paris Saclay, Lab Ecol Systemat Evolut, Paris, France..
    Meyer, Carsten
    German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Leipzig, Germany..
    Munteanu, Catalina
    Humboldt Univ, Inst Geog, Berlin, Germany..
    Penone, Caterina
    Museum Natl Hist Nat, Paris, France..
    Friis, Cecilie
    Humboldt Univ, Berlin, Germany..
    Teplitsky, Celine
    Natl Ctr Sci Res, Montpellier, France..
    Roemer, Charlotte
    Museum Natl Hist Nat, Paris, France..
    Orland, Chloe
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England..
    Voigt, Christian C.
    Leibniz Inst Zoo & Wildlife Res, Berlin, Germany..
    Levers, Christian
    UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Leipzig, Germany..
    Zang, Christian
    Tech Univ Munich, TUM Sch Life Sci Weihenstephan, D-80290 Munich, Germany..
    Bacon, Christine D.
    Univ Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Meyer, Christoph
    Univ Salford, Salford, Lancs, England..
    Wordley, Claire
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England..
    Grilo, Clara
    CDV Transport Res Ctr, Brno, Czech Republic..
    Cattaneo, Claudio
    Autonomous Univ Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain..
    Battisti, Corrado
    Pk Serv Citta Metropolitana Roma, Rome, Italy..
    Banks-Leite, Cristina
    Imperial Coll London, London, England..
    Zurell, Damaris
    Humboldt Univ, Berlin, Germany..
    Challender, Dan
    Univ Oxford, Oxford, England..
    Mueller, Daniel
    Leibniz Inst Agr Dev Transit Econ IAMO, Halle, Germany..
    Matenaar, Daniela
    Hess Landesmuseum Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany..
    Silvestro, Daniele
    Univ Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    McKay, David Armstrong
    Stockholm Resilience Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Buckley, David
    Univ Autonoma Madrid, E-28049 Madrid, Spain..
    Frantz, David
    Humboldt Univ, Berlin, Germany..
    Gremillet, David
    Natl Ctr Sci Res, Montpellier, France..
    Mateos, David Moreno
    Basque Ctr Climate Change, Leioa, Spain..
    Sanchez-Fernandez, David
    Univ Murcia, E-30001 Murcia, Spain..
    Vieites, David
    Museum Nat Sci, Dept Biogeog & Global Change, Barcelona, Spain..
    Ascoli, Davide
    Univ Turin, I-10124 Turin, Italy..
    Arlt, Debora
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Louis, Deharveng
    Museum Natl Hist Nat, Paris, France..
    Zemp, Delphine Clara
    Univ Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany..
    Strubbe, Diederik
    Univ Ghent, Ghent, Belgium..
    Gil, Diego
    Llusia, Diego
    Univ Autonoma Madrid, Dept Ecol, Madrid, Spain..
    Bennett, Dominic J.
    Univ Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Chobanov, Dragan Petrov
    Bulgarian Acad Sci, Inst Biodivers & Ecosyst, Sofia, Bulgaria..
    Aguilera, Eduardo
    Tech Univ Madrid, Madrid, Spain..
    Oliveira, Eduardo
    Catholic Univ Louvain, Louvain, Belgium..
    Pynegar, Edwin L.
    Bangor Univ, Bangor, Gwynedd, Wales..
    Granda, Elena
    Univ Lleida, Lleida, Spain..
    Grieco, Elisa
    Fdn Euromediterranean Ctr Climate Change, Lecce, Italy..
    Conrad, Elisabeth
    Univ Malta, Inst Earth Syst, Msida, Malta..
    Revilla, Eloy
    CSIC, Estn Biol Donana, Seville, Spain..
    Lindkvist, Emilie
    Stockholm Univ, Stockholm Resilience Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Caprio, Enrico
    Univ Turin, Dept Life Sci & Syst Biol, I-10124 Turin, Italy..
    zu Ermgassen, Erasmus
    Catholic Univ Louvain, Louvain, Belgium..
    Berenguer, Erika
    Univ Oxford, Environm Change Inst, Oxford OX1 2JD, England..
    Ochu, Erinma
    Univ Salford, Salford, Lancs, England..
    Polaina, Ester
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Ecol Dept, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Nuernberger, Fabian
    Univ Wurzburg, Dept Anim Ecol & Trop Biol, Wurzburg, Germany..
    Esculier, Fabien
    Ecole Ponts ParisTech, Paris, France..
    de Castro, Fabio
    Univ Amsterdam, NL-1012 WX Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Albanito, Fabrizio
    Univ Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland..
    Langerwisch, Fanny
    Czech Univ Life Sci Prague, Prague, Czech Republic..
    Batsleer, Femke
    Univ Ghent, Ghent, Belgium..
    Ascensao, Fernando
    Univ Porto, CIBIO InBIO, Rua Campo Alegre 823, P-4100 Porto, Portugal..
    Moyano, Fernando Esteban
    Univ Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany..
    Sayol, Ferran
    Univ Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Buzzetti, Filippo Maria
    Fdn Museo Civ Rovereto, Sez Zool, Rovereto, Italy..
    Eiro, Flavio
    Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Nijmegen, Netherlands..
    Volaire, Florence
    CNRS, CEFE, INRA, Montpellier, France..
    Gollnow, Florian
    Humboldt Univ, Berlin, Germany..
    Menzel, Florian
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Fac Biol, Mainz, Germany..
    Pilo, Francesca
    Univ Libre Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium..
    Moreira, Francisco
    Univ Porto, CIBIO, Rua Campo Alegre 823, P-4100 Porto, Portugal..
    Briens, Francois
    Essl, Franz
    Univ Vienna, Vienna, Austria..
    Vlahos, George
    Agr Univ Athens, GR-11855 Athens, Greece..
    Billen, Gilles
    Sorbonne Univ, Paris, France..
    Vacchiano, Giorgio
    Univ Milan, I-20122 Milan, Italy..
    Wong, Grace
    Stockholm Univ, Stockholm Resilience Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Gruychev, Gradimir Valentinov
    Univ Forestry, Sofia, Bulgaria..
    Fandos, Guillermo
    Humboldt Univ, Berlin, Germany..
    Petter, Gunnar
    Univ Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany..
    Sinare, Hanna
    Stockholm Univ, Stockholm Resilience Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Mumby, Hannah S.
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England..
    Cottyn, Hanne
    Univ York, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England..
    Seebens, Hanno
    Senckenberg BiK F, Frankfurt, Germany..
    Bjorklund, Heidi
    Univ Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland..
    Schroeder, Heike
    Univ East Anglia, Sch Int Dev, Norwich, Norfolk, England..
    Lopez Hernandez, Heriberto D.
    Isl Ecol & Evolut Res Grp IPNA CSIC, Tenerife, Spain..
    Rebelo, Hugo
    Univ Porto, CIBIO InBIO, Rua Campo Alegre 823, P-4100 Porto, Portugal..
    Chenet, Hugues
    UCL, Inst Sustainable Resources, London WC1E 6BT, England..
    De la Riva, Ignacio
    CSIC, Museo Nacl Ciencias Nat, Madrid, Spain..
    Torre, Ignasi
    Museu Ciencies Nat Granollers, Barcelona, Spain..
    Aalders, Inge
    James Hutton Inst, Aberdeen, Scotland..
    Grass, Ingo
    Univ Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany..
    Chuine, Isabelle
    Natl Ctr Sci Res, Montpellier, France..
    Goepel, Jan
    Univ Kassel, Kassel, Germany.;Univ Koblenz, Mainz, Germany..
    Wieringa, Jan J.
    Naturalis Biodives Ctr, Leiden, Netherlands..
    Engler, Jan O.
    Univ Ghent, Terr Ecol Unit, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    Pergl, Jan
    Czech Acad Sci, Inst Bot, Pruhonice, Czech Republic..
    Schnitzler, Jan
    Univ Leipzig, Inst Biol, D-04109 Leipzig, Germany..
    Vavra, Jan
    Univ South Bohemia, Fac Econ, Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic..
    Medvedovic, Jasna
    Inst Pasteur, Paris, France..
    Cabello, Javier
    Univ Almeria, Almeria, Spain..
    Martin, Jean-Louis
    Natl Ctr Sci Res, Montpellier, France..
    Mutke, Jens
    Univ Bonn, Bonn, Germany..
    Lewis, Jerome
    UCL, Anthropol, London WC1E 6BT, England..
    da Silva, Jessica Fonseca
    CDP, London, England..
    Marull, Joan
    Autonomous Univ Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain..
    Carvalho, Joana
    Autonomous Univ Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.;Univ Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, Scotland..
    Carnicer, Jofre
    Univ Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain..
    Enqvist, Johan
    Simaika, John P.
    IHE Delft, Dept Water Sci & Engn, Delft, Netherlands..
    Noguera, Jose C.
    Univ Vigo, Dep Ecol & Anim Biol, Anim Ecol Grp, Vigo, Spain..
    Blanco Moreno, Jose M.
    Univ Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain..
    Bruna, Josef
    Czech Acad Sci, Inst Bot, Dep GIS & Remote Sensing, Pruhonice, Czech Republic..
    Garnier, Josette
    CNRS, Paris, France..
    Fargallo, Juan A.
    Natl Museum Nat Sci CSIC, Dept Evolutionary Ecol, Madrid, Spain..
    Rocha, Juan Carlos
    Stockholm Univ, Stockholm Resilience Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Carrillo, Juan D.
    Univ Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Infante-Amate, Juan
    Univ Pablo de Olavide, Seville, Spain..
    Traba Diaz, Juan
    Univ Autonoma Madrid, Dept Ecol, Madrid, Spain..
    Schleicher, Judith
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England..
    Simon, Judy
    Univ Konstanz, Constance, Germany..
    Noe, Julia Le
    Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci, Vienna, Austria..
    Gerlach, Justin
    Univ Cambridge Peterhouse, Cambridge, England..
    Eriksson, K. Martin
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Ctr Sustainable Dev, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Prince, Karine
    Museum Natl Hist Nat, Paris, France..
    Ostapowicz, Katarzyna
    Jagiellonian Univ, Geog & Spatial Management, Krakow, Poland..
    Stajerova, Katerina
    Czech Acad Sci, Inst Bot, Pruhonice, Czech Republic..
    Farrell, Katharine N.
    Humboldt Univ, Berlin, Germany.;Univ Rosario, Bogota, Colombia..
    Snell, Katherine
    Univ Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Yates, Katherine
    Univ Salford, Salford, Lancs, England..
    Fleischer, Katrin
    Tech Univ Munich, Munich, Germany..
    Darras, Kevin
    Univ Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany..
    Schumacher, Kim
    Univ Oxford, Smith Sch Enterprise & Environm, Oxford OX1 2JD, England..
    Orach, Kirill
    Stockholm Univ, Stockholm Resilience Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Thonicke, Kirsten
    Potsdam Inst Climate Impact Res PIK, RD1 Earth Syst Anal, Potsdam, Germany..
    Riede, Klaus
    Zool Res Museum Alexander Koenig, Bonn, Germany..
    Heller, Klaus-Gerhard
    Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Dept Zool, Erlangen, Germany..
    Wang-Erlandsson, Lan
    Stockholm Univ, Stockholm Resilience Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Pereira, Laura
    City Univ London, Ctr Food Policy, London, England..
    Riggi, Laura
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Florez, Laura V.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Mainz, Germany..
    Emperaire, Laure
    Inst Rech Dev, Paris, France..
    Durieux, Laurent
    Inst Rech Dev, Paris, France..
    Tatin, Laurent
    Conservatoire Espaces Nat, Aix En Provence, France..
    Rozylowicz, Laurentiu
    Univ Bucharest, Ctr Environm Res, Bucharest, Romania..
    Latella, Leonardo
    Museo Storia Nat Verona, Verona, Italy..
    Andresen, Louise C.
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Earth Sci, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Cahen-Fourot, Louison
    Vienna Univ Econ & Business, Vienna, Austria..
    de Agua, Luis Borda
    Univ Porto, CIBIO InBIO, Rua Campo Alegre 823, P-4100 Porto, Portugal..
    Boto, Luis
    Museo Nacl Ciencias Nat, Biodivers & Evolutionary Biol, Madrid, Spain..
    Lassaletta, Luis
    Tech Univ Madrid, Madrid, Spain..
    Amo, Luisa
    CSIC, Museo Nacl Ciencias Nat, Madrid, Spain..
    Sekerka, Lukas
    Natl Museum, Dept Entomol, Prague, Czech Republic..
    Morales, Manuel B.
    Univ Autonoma Madrid, E-28049 Madrid, Spain..
    Macia, Manuel J.
    Univ Autonoma Madrid, E-28049 Madrid, Spain..
    Suarez, Manuela Gonzalez
    Univ Reading, Reading RG6 2AH, Berks, England..
    Cabeza, Mar
    Univ Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland..
    Londo, Marc
    Univ Utrecht, Copernicus Inst Sustainable Dev, Utrecht, Netherlands..
    Pollet, Marc
    Schwieder, Marcel
    Humboldt Univ, Berlin, Germany..
    Peters, Marcell K.
    Univ Wurzburg, Dept Anim Ecol & Trop Biol, Wurzburg, Germany..
    D'Amico, Marcello
    CSIC, Inst Environm Assessment & Water Res IDAEA, Barcelona, Spain..
    Casazza, Marco
    Parthenope Univ Napoli, Naples, Italy..
    Florencio, Margarita
    Univ Autonoma Madrid, Dept Ecol, Madrid, Spain..
    Felipe-Lucia, Maria
    German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Leipzig, Germany..
    Gebara, Maria Fernanda
    Johansson, Maria
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Ecol Environm & Plant Sci, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Garcia, Maria Mancilla
    Stockholm Univ, Stockholm Resilience Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Piquer-Rodriguez, Maria
    Humboldt Univ, Berlin, Germany..
    Tengo, Maria
    Stockholm Univ, Stockholm Resilience Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Elias, Marianne
    CNRS, Paris, France..
    Leve, Marine
    Univ Paris Sud, Ecol Syst Evolut, Paris, France..
    Conde, Marta
    Univ Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain..
    Winter, Marten
    German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Leipzig, Germany..
    Koster, Martijn
    Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Nijmegen, Netherlands..
    Mayer, Martin
    Aarhus Univ, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark..
    Salek, Martin
    Acad Sci Czech Republ, Inst Vertebrate Biol, Brno, Czech Republic..
    Schlerf, Martin
    LIST, Luxembourg, Luxembourg..
    Sullivan, Martin
    Univ Leeds, Sch Geog, Leeds LS2 9JT, W Yorkshire, England..
    Baumann, Matthias
    Humboldt Univ, Berlin, Germany..
    Pichler, Melanie
    Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci, Vienna, Austria..
    Marselle, Melissa
    German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Leipzig, Germany..
    Oddie, Melissa
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Razanajatovo, Mialy
    Univ Konstanz, Constance, Germany..
    Borregaard, Michael Krabbe
    Univ Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Theurl, Michaela C.
    Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci, Vienna, Austria..
    Hernandez, Miguel
    Univ Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain..
    Krofel, Miha
    Univ Ljubljana, Ljubljana 61000, Slovenia..
    Kechev, Mihail Ognianov
    Univ Agribusiness & Rural Dev, Plovdiv, Bulgaria..
    Clark, Mike
    Univ Oxford, Oxford, England..
    Rands, Mike
    Cambridge Conservat Initiat, Cambridge, England..
    Antal, Miklos
    Univ Leeds, Leeds, W Yorkshire, England..
    Pucetaite, Milda
    Lund Univ, CEC, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Islar, Mine
    Lund Univ, LUCSUS, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Truong, Minh-Xuan A.
    Museum Natl Hist Nat, Paris, France..
    Vighi, Morgana
    Univ Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain..
    Johanisova, Nadia
    Masaryk Univ, Brno, Czech Republic..
    Prat, Narcis
    Univ Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain..
    Escobar, Neus
    Univ Bonn, Bonn, Germany..
    Deguines, Nicolas
    Univ Paris Saclay, Lab Ecol Systemat Evolut, Paris, France..
    Rust, Niki
    Newcastle Univ, Newcastle Upon Tyne NE1 7RU, Tyne & Wear, England..
    Zafra-Calvo, Noelia
    Basque Ctr Climate Change, Leioa, Spain..
    Maurel, Noelie
    Univ Konstanz, Constance, Germany..
    Wagner, Norman
    Univ Trier, Dept Biogeog, Trier, Germany..
    Fitton, Nuala
    Univ Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland..
    Ostermann, Ole
    Joint Res Ctr, Directorate Sustainable Resources, Ispra, Italy..
    Panferov, Oleg
    Univ Appl Sci, Bingen, Germany..
    Ange, Olivia
    Univ Brussels, Lab Anthropol Mondes Contemporains, Brussels, Belgium..
    Canals, Oriol
    Univ Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain..
    Englund, Oskar
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    De Smedt, Pallieter
    Univ Ghent, Ghent, Belgium..
    Petridis, Panos
    Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci, Vienna, Austria..
    Heikkurinen, Pasi
    Univ Leeds, Sustainabil Res Inst, Leeds LS2 9JT, W Yorkshire, England..
    Weigelt, Patrick
    Univ Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany..
    Henriksson, Patrik J. G.
    Stockholm Resilience Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden..
    de Castro, Paula Drummond
    Brazilian Platform Biodivers & Ecosyst Serv, Campinas, SP, Brazil..
    Matos-Maravi, Pavel
    CAS, Biol Ctr, Inst Entomol, Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic. Univ Exeter, Environm & Sustainabil Inst, Exeter EX4 4QJ, Devon, England..
    Duran, Paz
    Aragon, Pedro
    Museo Nacl Ciencias Nat, Dep Biogeog & Global Change, Barcelona, Spain..
    Cardoso, Pedro
    Univ Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland..
    Leitao, Pedro J.
    Tech Univ Carolo Wilhelmina Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany..
    Hosner, Peter A.
    Univ Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Biedermann, Peter
    Univ Wurzburg, Dept Anim Ecol & Trop Biol, Wurzburg, Germany..
    Keil, Petr
    German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Leipzig, Germany..
    Petrik, Petr
    Czech Acad Sci, Inst Bot, Pruhonice, Czech Republic..
    Martin, Philip
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England..
    Bocquillon, Pierre
    Univ East Anglia, Norwich, Norfolk, England..
    Renaud, Pierre-Cyril
    Univ Angers, UFR Sci, UMR CNRS LETG Angers, Angers, France..
    Addison, Prue
    Univ Oxford, Oxford, England..
    Antwis, Rachael
    Univ Salford, Salford, Lancs, England..
    Carmenta, Rachel
    Univ Cambridge, Conservat Res Inst, Cambridge CB2 1TN, England..
    Barrientos, Rafael
    Univ Madrid, Dept Biodivers Ecol & Evolut, Madrid, Spain..
    Smith, Rebecca
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England..
    Rocha, Ricardo
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England..
    Fuchs, Richard
    Karlsruhe Inst Technol, Karlsruhe, Germany..
    Felix, Rob
    Bureau Natuurbalans Limes Divergens Bv, Nijmegen, Netherlands..
    Kanka, Robert
    Inst Landscape Ecol SAS, Bratislava, Slovakia..
    Aguilee, Robin
    Univ Paul Sabatier Toulouse 3, Toulouse, France..
    Padro Caminal, Roc
    Autonomous Univ Barcelona, IERMB, E-08193 Barcelona, Spain..
    Libbrecht, Romain
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Mainz, Germany..
    Lorrilliere, Romain
    Univ Paris Saclay, Lab Ecol Systemat Evolut, Paris, France..
    van der Ent, Ruud J.
    Delft Univ Technol, Dept Water Management, NL-2600 AA Delft, Netherlands..
    Henders, Sabine
    Thunen Inst Forest Ecosyst, Eberswalde, Germany..
    Pueyo, Salvador
    Univ Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain..
    Roturier, Samuel
    Univ Paris Saclay, Lab Ecol Systemat Evolut, Paris, France..
    Jacobs, Sander
    Inst Nat & Forest Res INBO, Res Grp Nat & Soc, Brussels, Belgium..
    Lavorel, Sandra
    CNRS, Grenoble, France..
    Leonhardt, Sara Diana
    Univ Wurzburg, Dept Anim Ecol & Trop Biol, Wurzburg, Germany..
    Fraixedas, Sara
    Univ Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland..
    Villen-Perez, Sara
    Univ Alcala De Henares, Dept Life Sci, Alcala De Henares, Spain..
    Cornell, Sarah
    Stockholm Univ, Stockholm Resilience Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Redlich, Sarah
    Univ Wurzburg, Dept Anim Ecol & Trop Biol, Wurzburg, Germany..
    De Smedt, Sebastian
    Proforest, Oxford, England..
    van der Linden, Sebastian
    Humboldt Univ, Berlin, Germany..
    Perez-Ortega, Sergio
    Real Jardin Bot Madrid RJB CSIC, Madrid, Spain..
    Petrovan, Silviu
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England..
    Cesarz, Simone
    Univ Leipzig, German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, D-04109 Leipzig, Germany..
    Sjoberg, Sissel
    Univ Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Caillon, Sophie
    Natl Ctr Sci Res, Montpellier, France..
    Schindler, Stefan
    Univ Vienna, Vienna, Austria..
    Trogisch, Stefan
    Martin Luther Univ Halle Wittenberg, Inst Biol, Halle, Germany..
    Taiti, Stefano
    CNR, Ist Ric Ecosistemi Terr, Rome, Italy..
    Oppel, Steffen
    RSPB Ctr Conservat Sci, Cambridge, England..
    Lutter, Stephan
    Vienna Univ Econ & Business, Vienna, Austria..
    Garnett, Tara
    Univ Oxford, Oxford, England.;Food Climate Res Network, Oxford, England..
    Guedes, Thais
    Univ Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Wanger, Thomas Cherico
    Univ Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany..
    Kastner, Thomas
    Senckenberg BiK F, Frankfurt, Germany..
    Worthington, Thomas
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England..
    Daw, Tim
    Stockholm Univ, Stockholm Resilience Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Schmoll, Tim
    Univ Bielefeld, Evolutionary Biol, Bielefeld, Germany..
    McPhearson, Timon
    Stockholm Univ, Stockholm Resilience Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Engl, Tobias
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Organism & Mol Evolut, Mainz, Germany..
    Rutting, Tobias
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Earth Sci, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Vaclavik, Tomas
    Palacky Univ, Olomouc, Czech Republic..
    Jucker, Tommaso
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England..
    Robillard, Tony
    Museum Natl Hist Nat, Paris, France..
    Krause, Torsten
    Lund Univ, Ctr Sustainabil Studies, Lund, Sweden..
    Ljubomirov, Toshko
    Bulgarian Acad Sci, Inst Biodivers & Ecosyst Res, BG-1040 Sofia, Bulgaria..
    Aavik, Tsipe
    Univ Tartu, Tartu, Estonia..
    Richardson, Vanessa A.
    Univ East Anglia, Norwich, Norfolk, England..
    Masterson, Vanessa Anne
    Stockholm Resilience Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Seufert, Verena
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Cathy, Vet Gibault
    IUCN Orthoptera Grp, Marseille, France..
    Colino Rabanal, Victor
    Univ Salamanca, E-37008 Salamanca, Spain..
    Montade, Vincent
    Univ Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany..
    Thieu, Vincent
    Sorbonne Univ, Paris, France..
    Sober, Virve
    Univ Tartu, Tartu, Estonia..
    Morin, Xavier
    Natl Ctr Sci Res, Montpellier, France..
    Mehrabi, Zia
    Univ Oxford, Oxford, England..
    Gonzalez, Adriana Trompetero
    Martin Luther Univ Halle Wittenberg, Halle, Germany..
    Sanz-Cobena, Alberto
    Tech Univ Madrid, Madrid, Spain..
    Christie, Alec Philip
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England..
    Romero-Munoz, Alfredo
    Humboldt Univ, Berlin, Germany..
    Dauriach, Alice
    Royal Swedish Acad Sci, Global Econ Dynam & Biosphere, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Queiroz, Allan Souza
    Univ Ghent, Dept Sociol, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    Golland, Ami
    Stockholm Univ, Stockholm Resilience Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Evans, Amy Louise
    Univ Salford, Salford, Lancs, England..
    Cordero, Ana Maria Araujo
    Martin Luther Univ Halle Wittenberg, Halle, Germany..
    Dara, Andrey
    Humboldt Univ, Berlin, Germany..
    Rilovic, Andro
    Inst Polit Ecol, Zagreb, Croatia..
    Pedersen, Anna Frohn
    Humboldt Univ, Berlin, Germany..
    Csergo, Anna Maria
    Szent Istvan Univ, Dept Bot & Soroksar Bot Garden, Godollo, Hungary..
    Lewerentz, Anne
    Univ Wurzburg, Ctr Computat & Theoret Biol, Wurzburg, Germany..
    Monserand, Antoine
    Univ Paris 13, Dept Econ, F-93430 Villetaneuse, France..
    Valdecasas, Antonio G.
    CSIC, Museo Nacl Ciencias Nat, Madrid, Spain..
    Doherty, Anya
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England..
    Semper-Pascual, Asuncion
    Humboldt Univ, Berlin, Germany..
    Bleyhl, Benjamin
    Humboldt Univ, Berlin, Germany..
    Rutschmann, Benjamin
    Univ Wurzburg, Dept Anim Ecol & Trop Biol, Wurzburg, Germany..
    Bongalov, Boris
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England..
    Hankerson, Brett
    Leibniz Inst Agr Dev Transit Econ IAMO, Halle, Germany..
    Heylen, Brigitte
    Univ Ghent, Ghent, Belgium..
    Alonso-Alvarez, Carlos
    Museo Nacl Ciencias Nat, Evolutionary Ecol Dept, Madrid, Spain..
    Comandulli, Carolina
    UCL, London, England..
    Frossard, Carolina M.
    Univ Amsterdam, NL-1012 WX Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Mckeon, Caroline
    Trinity Coll Dublin, Dublin, Ireland..
    Godde, Cecile
    AgroParisTech, Paris, France..
    Palm, Celinda
    Stockholm Univ, Stockholm Resilience Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Singh, Chandrakant
    Stockholm Univ, Stockholm Resilience Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Sieger, Charlotte Sophie
    Univ Wurzburg, Dept Anim Ecol & Trop Biol, Wurzburg, Germany..
    Ohrling, Christian
    Geol Survey Sweden, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Paitan, Claudia Parra
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Cooper, Conor
    Univ Cambridge, Conservat Res Inst, Cambridge CB2 1TN, England..
    Edler, Daniel
    Umea Univ, IceLab, S-90187 Umea, Sweden..
    Roessler, Daniela C.
    Univ Trier, Dept Biogeog, Trier, Germany..
    Kessner-Beierlein, Daniela
    Univ Wurzburg, Dept Ecol, Wurzburg, Germany..
    Garcia del Amo, David
    Univ Autonoma Barcelona ICTA UAB, Barcelona, Spain..
    Lopez Bosch, David
    Autonomous Univ Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain..
    Gueldner, Dino
    Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci, Vienna, Austria..
    Noll, Domink
    Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci, Vienna, Austria..
    Motivans, Elena
    Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Leipzig, Germany..
    Canteri, Elisabetta
    Univ Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Garnett, Emma
    Univ Cambridge, Dept Zool, Cambridge CB2 1TN, England..
    Malecore, Eva
    Univ Konstanz, Constance, Germany..
    Brambach, Fabian
    Univ Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany..
    Ruedenauer, Fabian
    Univ Wurzburg, Dept Anim Ecol & Trop Biol, Wurzburg, Germany..
    Yin, Fang
    Leibniz Inst Agr Dev Transit Econ IAMO, Halle, Germany..
    Hurtado, Fernando
    Museo Nacl Ciencias Nat, Madrid, Spain..
    Mempel, Finn
    Univ Autonoma Barcelona ICTA UAB, Barcelona, Spain..
    de Freitas, Flavio Luiz Mazzaro
    KTH Royal Inst Technol, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Pendrill, Florence
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Leijten, Floris
    Unilever, Safety & Environm Assurance Ctr, Sharnbrook, Beds, England..
    Somma, Francesca
    Joint Res Ctr, Ispra, Italy..
    Schug, Franz
    Humboldt Univ, Berlin, Germany..
    De Knijf, Geert
    Res Inst Nat & Forest INBO, Brussels, Belgium..
    Peterson, Gustaf
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Earth Sci, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Pe'er, Guy
    Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Leipzig, Germany.;Univ Leipzig, D-04109 Leipzig, Germany..
    Booth, Hollie
    Univ Oxford, Oxford, England..
    Rhee, Howon
    Univ Bielefeld, Dept Evolutionary Biol, Bielefeld, Germany..
    Staude, Ingmar
    German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Leipzig, Germany..
    Gherghel, Iulian
    Alexandru Ioan Cuza Univ, Fac Geog & Geol, Iasi, Romania..
    Vila Traver, Jaime
    Univ Pablo de Olavide, Seville, Spain..
    Kerner, Janika
    Univ Wurzburg, Dept Anim Ecol & Trop Biol, Wurzburg, Germany..
    Hinton, Jennifer
    Stockholm Univ, Stockholm Resilience Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Hortal, Joaquin
    Museo Nacl Ciencias Nat, Dep Biogeog & Global Change, Barcelona, Spain..
    Persson, Joel
    Univ Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Uddling, Johan
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Biol & Environm Sci, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Coenen, Johanna
    Leuphana Univ, Luneburg, Germany..
    Geldmann, Jonas
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England..
    Geschke, Jonas
    Museum Nat Kunde Berlin, Leibniz Inst Evolut & Biodivers Sci, Berlin, Germany..
    Juergensen, Jonathan
    Univ Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany..
    Lobo, Jorge M.
    Museo Nacl Ciencias Nat, Dep Biogeog & Global Change, Barcelona, Spain..
    Skejo, Josip
    Univ Zagreb, Fac Sci, Dept Biol, Zagreb 41000, Croatia..
    Heinen, Julia Helena
    Univ Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Schuenzel, Julia
    Leibniz Inst Agr Dev Transit Econ IAMO, Halle, Germany..
    Daniel-Ferreira, Juliana
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Uppsala, Sweden.;Leibniz Inst Agr Dev Transit Econ IAMO, Halle, Germany..
    Christophe Piquet, Julien
    Inst Prod Nat & Agrobiol IPNA CSIC, Santa Cruz De Tenerife, Spain..
    Murtough, Katie L.
    Univ Oxford, Oxford, England..
    Prevel, Leonie
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Urban & Rural Sci, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Hissa, Leticia B. V.
    Humboldt Univ, Berlin, Germany..
    af Segerstad, Louise Hard
    Stockholm Univ, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Willemse, Luc
    Naturalis Biodivers Ctr, Leiden, Netherlands..
    Benavides, Lucia
    TMG Thinktank, Berlin, Germany..
    Sovova, Lucie
    Wageningen Univ & Res, Rural Sociol Grp, Wageningen, Netherlands..
    Figueiredo, Ludmilla
    Univ Wurzburg, Dept Anim Ecol & Trop Biol, Wurzburg, Germany..
    Leidinger, Ludwig
    Univ Wurzburg, Ctr Computat & Theoret Biol, Wurzburg, Germany..
    Piemontese, Luigi
    Stockholm Univ, Stockholm Resilience Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden..
    da Fonte, Luis Fernando Marin
    Univ Trier, Dept Biogeog, Trier, Germany..
    Moreta, Lys Sanz
    Univ Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Bhan, Manan
    Univ Bodenkultur BOKU, Vienna, Austria..
    Toledo-Hernandez, Manuel
    Univ Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany..
    Engert, Manuela
    Univ Wurzburg, Fak Biol, CCTB, Wurzburg, Germany..
    Davoli, Marco
    Humboldt Univ, Dept Geog, Berlin, Germany..
    Mas Navarro, Maria
    Granollers Museum Nat Sci, Catalonia, Spain..
    Voigt, Maria
    German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Leipzig, Germany..
    Zirion, Maria
    Univ Pablo de Olavide, Seville, Spain..
    Wandl, Marie-Theres
    Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci, Vienna, Austria..
    Kipson, Marina
    Charles Univ Prague, Prague, Czech Republic..
    Johnson, Mark D.
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Earth Sci, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Lukic, Marko
    Croatian Biospeleol Soc, Zagreb, Croatia..
    Goula, Marta
    Univ Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain..
    Jung, Martin
    Univ Sussex, Brighton BN1 9RH, E Sussex, England..
    Nunes, Matheus Henrique
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England..
    Alvarez, Matheus Rodriguez
    Martin Luther Univ Halle Wittenberg, Halle, Germany..
    van den Burg, Matthijs P.
    CSIC, Museum Nat Sci, Madrid, Spain..
    Guerrero, Mayra Daniela Pena
    Leibniz Inst, Berlin, Germany..
    Greenfield, Michael
    Univ Lyon St Etienne, Equipe Neuroethol Sensorielle, St Etienne, France..
    Lobmann, Michael
    Free Univ Bozen Bolzano, Bozen Bolzano, Italy..
    Nygren, Michelle
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Earth Sci, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Guth, Miriam Karen
    Univ Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany..
    Koh, Niak
    Stockholm Resilience Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Stanek, Nicola
    Univ Oxford, Oxford, England..
    Roux, Nicolas
    Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci, Vienna, Austria..
    Karagouni, Niki
    Appl Atmospher & Marine Sci, Zagreb, Croatia..
    Tiralla, Nina
    Univ Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany..
    Mairota, Paola
    Univ Bari, I-70121 Bari, Italy..
    Savaget, Paulo
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England..
    von Doehren, Peer
    Humboldt Univ, Dept Geog, Berlin, Germany..
    Benyei, Petra
    Univ Autonoma Barcelona ICTA UAB, Barcelona, Spain..
    Lena, Philippe
    IRD MNHN, Paris, France..
    Rufin, Philippe
    Humboldt Univ, Berlin, Germany..
    Janke, Rebekka
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Organism & Mol Evolut, Mainz, Germany..
    Santagata, Remo
    Parthenope Univ Napoli, Dept Sci & Technol, Naples, Italy..
    Motta, Renzo
    Univ Turin, Dept Agr Forest & Food Sci, I-10124 Turin, Italy..
    Battiston, Roberto
    Musei Canal Brenta, Valstagna, Italy..
    Oyanedel, Rodrigo
    Univ Oxford, Oxford, England..
    Bernardo-Madrid, Ruben
    CSIC, Donana Biol Stn, Conservat Biol Dept, Seville, Spain..
    Vasconcelos, Sasha
    Univ Porto, CIBIO InBIO, Rua Campo Alegre 823, P-4100 Porto, Portugal..
    Henriques, Sergio
    Bager, Simon L.
    Catholic Univ Louvain, Louvain, Belgium..
    Qin, Siyu
    Humboldt Univ, Berlin, Germany..
    Ivkovic, Slobodan
    Univ Trier, Dept Biogeog, Trier, Germany..
    Cooke, Sophia
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England..
    Ernst, Stefan
    Humboldt Univ, Berlin, Germany..
    Schmelzer, Stefan
    WU Vienna, Inst Ecol Econ, Vienna, Austria..
    da Silva, Sven
    Wageningen Univ & Res, Wageningen, Netherlands..
    Faberova, Tamara
    Masaryk Univ, Brno, Czech Republic..
    Enseroth, Tanja
    Univ Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    De Marzo, Teresa
    Humboldt Univ, Berlin, Germany..
    Pienkowski, Thomas
    Univ Oxford, Oxford, England..
    Engel, Thore
    Martin Luther Univ Halle Wittenberg, Halle, Germany..
    Boehnert, Tim
    Univ Bonn, Bonn, Germany..
    Swinfield, Tom
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England..
    Kurdikova, Vendula
    Palacky Univ, Olomouc, Czech Republic..
    Chvatalova, Veronika
    Masaryk Univ, Dept Environm Studies, Brno, Czech Republic..
    Lopez-Marquez, Violeta
    CSIC, Museo Nacl Ciencias Nat, Madrid, Spain..
    Arlidge, William
    Univ Oxford, Oxford, England..
    Zhang, Zhijie
    Univ Konstanz, Constance, Germany..
    Make EU trade with Brazil sustainable2019In: Science, ISSN 0036-8075, E-ISSN 1095-9203, Vol. 364, no 6438, p. 341-+Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Lindstrand, Åsa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Samråden i samband med slutförvaret för använt kärnbränsle i Östhammars kommun2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a case study where Swedish nuclear fuel and waste management company's (SKB) consultations in the municipality of Östhammar during the years 2002-2011 have been studied. Together with the application submitted by SKB to the Land and Environmental Court in 2011, the company needed an environmental impact assessment (EIA). In order to do this, consultations was a necessity. The planned repository is a complex activity and may be difficult to consult, both by the operator and by participants.

    The purpose of the consultation is to bring in comments and questions about the intended activities, which can then be used to develop and improve the environmental impact assessment. Common ways of conducting consultations are holding information meetings, which was also the way SKB chose. The material available from these consultations is summaries that SKB itself has made.

    When SKB submitted its application, a consultation report was also submitted, describing the consultations conducted.

    SKB has conducted its consultations in a fairly predictable manner. Since there is only written material from the consultations, it is difficult to determine whether they have been reproduced in a fair way. It is with hesitation that the purpose of the consultations can be seen as fulfilled.

  • 30.
    Mauerhofer, Volker
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Activities of environmental convention-secretariats: Laws, functions and discretions2019In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 11, article id 3116Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Multilateral Environmental Agreements-MEAs-are indispensable legal frameworks for environmental sustainability and also define the operating rules of their implementation bodies ("Secretariats"). The contribution assesses in how far the norms defining Secretariats' functions differ and also reflect on actual functions for three MEAs, namely (1) the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora-CITES (1973), (2) the Convention on Biological Diversity-CBD (1992), and (3) the Convention on Migratory Species-CMS (1979). It does so by comparative legal interpretation of the main norms of these MEAs laying down the functions of its respective Secretariats as well as an in-depth review of academic literature about these functions. The results for these three conventions divide into nine functional areas and show an unexpectedly wide range of different functions laid down in the conventions as well as extensive variety in the discretion for many of these functional areas. Some potential explanations of these formal differences are provided. The paper further finds that actually executed functions may not be fully covered by the underlying legal norms but rather by "flexible" highest governing bodies of MEAs and concludes that occasionally an unusual legislative style was chosen, and shows potential solutions and future research directions. 

  • 31.
    Mauerhofer, Volker
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    An introduction and overview on law, politics and governance: Institutions, organizations and procedures for Ecological Economics2019In: Ecological Economics, ISSN 0921-8009, E-ISSN 1873-6106, Vol. 165, article id 106396Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aims of this Special Issue (SI) are to provide a broad and structured overview on literature published related to Law and Ecological Economics (EE) as well as to offer latest insights into this wide and further emerging combined field of research by means of contributed papers. Thus, this introduction into the SI firstly implements a systematic database term search and further analyses 129 papers identified. It was found that the majority refers to the “laws” of thermodynamics. Only 33 publications could be related to EE and Law, latter in the sense of the Rule of Law, with quite even allocation among the three streams identified, namely theoretical and philosophical considerations, strategic transition and transformation studies, and practical case studies. The literature overview also chronologically indicates that the vast majority of those 33 papers have been written during the past 15 years. The second part of this introduction describes the content of the seven contributions to this SI more in detail. Afterwards it shows that these contributions tend similarly more into the directions of providing strategic transition and transformation studies as well as practical case studies, indicating an overall shift from theory towards practical implementation of EE within Law. 

  • 32.
    Mauerhofer, Volker
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Book review: Technology, Globalization, and Sustainable Development: Transforming the Industrial State2019In: Ecological Economics, ISSN 0921-8009, E-ISSN 1873-6106, Vol. 165Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Mauerhofer, Volker
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Rupo, Daniela
    Univ Messina, Messina, Italy.
    Tarquinio, Lara
    Univ Pescara, Pescara, Italy.
    Special issue: Law and sustainable development2020In: Sustainable Development, ISSN 0968-0802, E-ISSN 1099-1719Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Norgren, Robert
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering. Ragn-Sells AB, Timrå, Sweden.
    Björkqvist, Olof
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Chemical Engineering.
    Jonsson, Anders
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Bio-sludge from the pulp and paper industry as feed for black soldier fly larvae: A study of critical factors for growth and survival2019In: Waste and Biomass Valorization, ISSN 1877-2641, E-ISSN 1877-265XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Pulp and paper bio-sludge (PPBS) has low economic value and is therefore often composted or incinerated. The purpose of this work is to evaluate the feasibility of using PPBS to breed black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) larvae (BSFL), so improving resource efficiency and supplying protein and fat to the animal feed market. BSFL were reared on PPBS in a climate chamber on a laboratory scale in order to assess nutrient deficiency, inhibition and whether the BSFL recycle the PPBS well or not. The PPBS used came from a chemi-thermomechanical pulp/groundwood pulp mill. The effect of supplementing nutrient solution added either into the PPBS or as a free liquid surface were studied. Prepupae dry weight, survival rate until prepupae stage and residual dry PPBS were measured. The addition of reference diet leachate into the PPBS did not have a significant impact on the weight of the prepupae (2.0 mg) but the survival rate was significantly higher (16.0 %). On the other hand, the addition of reference diet leachate as a free liquid surface had a significant impact on both the weight of the prepupae (4.8 mg) and the survival rate (25.7 %). The bio – conversion and PPBS – reduction was as best 0.4 % and 3.2 % respectively. This study has proven that the nutrients in PPBS are not readily available to the larvae. Addition of reference diet leachate increase the survival rate which opens up for possibilities of co-digestion. However, it is clear that under the tested conditions, BSFL is not recycling PPBS well and BSFL as a method for recycling of PPBS need further research.

  • 35.
    Paschali, Elena
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Grönlund, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Cyprus Sustainability Assessment: Can models help?2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Cypriot development is highly dependent on fossil fuel imports for supporting country production levels to meet the local demand.  With the island’s entry in the European Union, a long term strategy for converging the unsustainable development with sustainable development is necessary.  In our attempt to assess Cyprus sustainability, several factors that affect the system have been observed.  The most significant environmental impacts are drought, water pollution, erosion and wildlife preservation. The uneven precipitation levels and absence of natural reservoir catchments have striking effects on soil quality and life. The purity of the water supply is threatened by industrial pollutants, the lack of adequate sewage treatment and pesticides used in agricultural areas. The environmental load becomes a debt in the national liabilities.  Adding to the complexity, the effect of tourism poses more risks on the local communities. Resource availability and resource scarcity are a global concern. How, then, can models help in the assessment of Cyprus sustainability? Integrated assessment models – integrating e.g. geographic information, populations statistics, and environmental load – illustrate the interconnected relationships and limits of the socio-natural system and the biosphere.  For example, the albedo effect in the future under different assumptions can be estimated. Assumptions can be made regarding e.g. Cyprus future population, economic growth and indigenous resource availability.  The general ecologic view on global resource availability is that the Earth is finite.  Models like the “The Limits to Growth”, by Meadows et al. (1972) and “The Pulsing Paradigm” by Odum et al. (1995) represent the striking events of fossil fuel-based societies. Models can also be manipulatied in the quest for a high output/input ratio than in reality.  The ability to use modeling knowledge and facilitate decisions before the implementation stage helps avoiding crisis and system collapse.

  • 36.
    Sigge, Hilda
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Granskning av ett klimatprojekt med fokus på beteendeförändringar: En fallstudie av Åre kommuns projekt Klimatsmarta familjer2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Human behaviour leads to greenhouse gas emissions, which causes climate change. Through changed behaviour at an individual level, greenhouse gas emissions can be reduced. Åre municipality is trying to enhance this change through the project “Klimatsmarta familjer”. The project is based on seven themes related to climate change and is designed to make it possible for six families who live in the municipality to take part in theme-seminars, communicate through a

    public and a private platform, calculate their climate account (klimatkontot) and make goals for how they can change their way of living to a more climate friendly one.

    This study aims to contribute to how climate-projects focused on behavioural changes can be framed, by making a case study of the project “Klimatsmarta familjer”. The method is designed to look into how the project worked as support for the families, which effect it lead to, what knowledge that can be gained and what obstacles the families ran into when changing their behaviour to one with less impact on the climate/environment. Åre municipality and representatives from four of the families have been interviewed, a matrix over the activity on the communication platforms created and analysis based on the following theories: 5D’s and 5S’s, Influence behavior through systematic feedback and SMART goals.

    This study shows that the families got support through the theme-seminares and the climate account. The communication platforms, Åre municipality and the fact of being part of the group has partly been supportive for the change to a more climate friendly way of living. Further the

    study shows that the project lead to effects like setting time aside for focusing on climate change, changed behaviour and way of thinking and that it was spread to others than the participants. Knowledge that came from the study is that it is important to create a good group dynamic, participitation and time for conversation, and also communicate the projects aim and goals clearly and give feedback, follow up to keep the motivation. The obstacles identified is lack of motivation and feedback, but also factors like money, time, availability and to go against society, dare to be uncomfortable.

    The result can not be generalized for all climate-projects. What can be seen though, is that Åre municipality had good intentions creating the project, but shortcomings in the design and implementation lead to unfulfilled goals. The project still lead to positive aspects and knowledge. Also all the theories are related to the project and support the result according the importance of feedback, clear communication and frames, goals and changed attitude and way of thinking.

  • 37.
    Skytt, Torbjörn
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    "Det spelar ju ingen roll vad jag gör..."2019In: Jämten 2020, Östersund: Jamtli Förlag , 2019, p. 18-25Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 38.
    Skytt, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Nielsen, S. N.
    Aalborg University, København, Denmark.
    Fröling, Morgan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Energy flows and efficiencies as indicators of regional sustainability – A case study of Jämtland, Sweden2019In: Ecological Indicators, ISSN 1470-160X, E-ISSN 1872-7034, Vol. 100, no May 2019, p. 74-98Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An analysis of energy and material flows has been elaborated for the Swedish region Jämtland with the aim of monitoring and comparing regional sustainability by following the work energy flow method developed in a study of the Danish island of Samsø (Nielsen & Jørgensen, 2011). In the region of Jämtland about 46,000 TJ of energy flows into society, of which 88% is renewable. From this an amount corresponding to 30,800 TJ is exported as electricity from the region, while another 410 TJ is exported as waste to be incinerated. The remaining part, about 15,200 TJ (63% renewable), drives Jämtland. From an energy flow perspective, the most important production from the region, apart from electricity production, is biomass from the forest: 49,000 TJ estimated as energy content in the biomass harvested. Another 55,000 TJ is added to the standing biomass every year as forest growth (only productive forest land area has been calculated). Some suggested indices of sustainability have been calculated and Jämtland shows high values. However, it will be a challenge to transform the quite large transport sector of Jämtland, and therefore the potential to become fully sustainable (ref to indexes used for the Samsø study) might not be quite as high. In order to reduce the use of non-renewable energy, a major conversion of the transport fleet is needed, and this should be given high priority. The private sector is the largest single user of non-renewable energy (2,200 TJ). One successful transition is the Swedish diesel mix with 19% FAME/HVO derived from vegetable or animal sources and regarded as renewable. The consumption of FAME/HVO is predicted to increase significantly, increasing the importance of the forest as a source. A sustainability analysis based at work energy flows shows for both Samsø and Jämtland that large natural resources producing a high work energy output combined with low work energy use due to low population density, gives high sustainability indicators. This indicates that regions with high population density and the absence of natural resources (high import), as in most regions in the world, will show low sustainability indicators. 

  • 39.
    Skytt, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Nors Nielsen, Soeren
    Aalborg University, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Jonsson, Bengt-Gunnar
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Global warming potential and absolute global temperature change potential from carbon dioxide and methane fluxes as indicators of regionalsustainability – A case study of Jämtland, Sweden2020In: Ecological Indicators, ISSN 1470-160X, E-ISSN 1872-7034, Vol. 110, article id 105831Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study presents a regional model showing the balance of carbon dioxide and methane fluxes in the Swedish county Jämtland, applying a Global Warming Potential 20-year time horizon (GWP20) to meet the Paris agreement horizon and regional policy goals. The results clearly show the necessity to take both anthropogenic and non-anthropogenic emissions into consideration in analyses to be able to make proper priorities in future action strategies. The total annual impact from Jämtland calculated as carbon dioxide equivalents (CO2eq) is an uptake of 2.4 Mton (19 ton per capita). Jämtland shows large annual uptakes in forests (12.7 Mton CO2), but also large emissions of methane (80 kton corresponding to 6.7 Mton CO2eq), mainly from lakes, mires and ruminants. Anthropogenic carbon Greenhous gas emissions are dominated by transportation, working machines and consumption (mainly imported indirect emissions).

    As a complement to GWP also the Absolute Global Temperature Change Potential (AGTP) as degree K response, is presented per sector and total for Jämtland County, for yearly emissions (as a pulse) and continuous emissions over 200 years. A yearly pulse from Jämtland gives a temperature response of about 0 K after 10 years and about −4 μK (cooling effect) after about 50 years). Using both GWP and AGTP as indicators improves the possibilities to find ways how to optimize regional climate policies to reduce global warming until a specific year.

    Strategies and action plans should be developed focusing on the following:

    - Reduced regional transportation and consumption activity.

    - Increased (prioritized) use of renewable fuels for working machines in forestry and agriculture, as well as for heavy trucks.

    - Evaluate the potential to reduce emissions of methane from wetlands and mires.

    - Increase/optimize carbon dioxide assimilation in forests.

  • 40.
    van den Brink, Paul
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Allard, Anna
    Ihse, Margareta
    Effekterna av ett kortvarigt vinterbete av ren i lavdominerad fjällvegetation, i Rogenområdet, HärjedalenManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Vogt, Melissa
    et al.
    University of New South Wales, Australia.
    Englund, Oskar
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering. Chalmers, Gothenburg.
    Biodiversity outcomes associated with sustainability certifications: Contextualising understanding and expectations, and allowing for ambitious intentions2019In: Sustainability Certification Schemes in the Agricultural and Natural Resource Sectors: Outcomes for Society and the Environment / [ed] Melissa Vogt, Routledge, 2019, p. 65-92Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Waller, Judith
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    A short story about k, the gas transfer velocity: Or what happens when it’s windy at Kattstrupeforsen2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Carbon Dioxide (CO2), as one of the major anthropogenic greenhouse gases, is widely acknowledged to contribute to global warming and climate change. Historically, the major focus on the role of the aquatic environment in the carbon cycle has been on the atmosphere-ocean exchange. More recent findings suggest the importance of freshwater (lakes, rivers and streams) as a source for atmospheric CO2. The freshwater contribution is, however, poorly understood, mainly due to a paucity of data, especially from running waters.

    To address this issue, Eddy Covariance (EC) measurements in a large boreal river in Northern Sweden (Indalsälven), are being made as part of a two-year long continual study of the carbon dioxide exchange between the air and water. This is one of the first known studies of its kind where EC measurements are conducted in a river setting. Continual data acquisition began in April 2018, monitoring a variety of general meteorological parameters, turbulent emissions of carbon dioxide, latent, and sensible heat, together with water-side measurements of CO2. The aim of the study is to investigate the temporal control on river carbon dioxide emissions covering timescales from hours to seasons.

    This thesis focuses on the influence of the wind on the air-water CO2 exchange during the first quarter of 2019. The data indicates a positive influence of wind speed on the gas transfer velocity, k, with a threshold between a low dependency and high dependency state occurring around 5 ms-1. A further influence of wind stress, decreased by the alignment of current flow with wind direction is also demonstrated, indicating that higher wind speeds are required when flow is aligned with the wind direction to attain similar levels of k600 than for stationary water. The average value of k600 for over-water wind directions for the four month period considered was 11.7 cm.h-1, which is towards the upper end of the range of values expected for such a river from the existing literature.

    These findings help to provide clarity on the processes controlling the CO2 exchange between the atmosphere and boreal rivers, which can be used to improve the accuracy of carbon flux predictions on a global scale.

  • 43.
    Zimmerman, Jenny K M
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Grönlund, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    van den Brink, Paul
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    Is Astacology Environmental Science?2019In: Book of abstracts.: IAA Gotland 2019 Crayfish Conference, 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Environmental Science aims to study the relationships between human beings influence on and dependence of nature, the interaction and integration of ecological, social and technical systems as well as the strategies for sustainable use of natural resources. The linking of social, ecological and economical aspects in Environmental Science can provide useful tools for the study, management and conservation of freshwater crayfish from a broad social perspective. Therefore, it is of interest to explore the relationships between Environmental Science and Astacology. By analysing the aims of the International Association of Astacology and the content of some volumes of Freshwater Crayfish from an Environmental Science perspective we found that Astacology is operating within the field of Environmental Science. The focus is mainly on identifying underlying mechanisms of environmental issues. We will point out unexplored scientific perspectives and propose some advice of how to study freshwater crayfish from a broad systems perspective.

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