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  • 1.
    Laiti, Pär-Henrik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Sustainable Building Engineering.
    Fuktstudie av en klimatvind på ett äldre småhus: En utredning av effekterna på vindsklimatet vid utvändig takisolering2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mold growth caused by moisture are common in cold attics in small houses in Sweden. According to a report from the National Board of Housing - Boverket, a fifth of all attics in small houses in sweden has moisture problems caused by increased levels of relative humidity. Statistics from the same report show that older houses with natural draft ventilation are affected to a greater extent. Air leakage of damp indoor air into the attic space is said to be one cause of increased humidity. The construction of older houses are usually not as airtight compared to modern houses. This makes the attics in old houses more vulnerable to this problem. Additionally insulation with eps insulation at the outside of the roof has been shown to reduce the relative humidity in cold attics. This report refers to attics with this type of construction as a ”climate attic”

     

    This study is based on a climate attic of a older house located in Skellefteå municipality. The former cold attic had mold problems caused by moisture and was therefore converted to a climate attic in 2014. Since then, no evaluation has been made of the moisture saftey in this climate attic. The purpose of this study is therefore to find out if the climate attic in this house is moisture safe due to the conversion. The results will be used to determining whether more actions are necessary to make the attic moisture safe.

     

    In order to evaluate the moisture safety in the climate attic, measurements of temperature and relative humidity has been made. During the same period measurements were made in a traditionally cold attic. By comparing measurement results between those attics conclusions of the effect from the external isolation can be made.

    The results from the measurements made in the climate attic shows that the relative humidity has been far below critical levels for mold growth. During the same period the relative humidity in the traditional cold attic has been close to critical levels. In comparison with the traditionally cold attic, the climate attic has a warmer and drier climate and is not affected to the same extent by the fluctuations in the outdoor climate. The conclusion is that the climate attic are considered to be moistureproof during the time measurement was made. The recommendation is to continue with climate measurements over a full-year period to assess moisture safety from a full-year perspective.

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