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  • 1.
    Pettersson, Joacim
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Snäll, Anders
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    En kartläggning av årsredovisningars kvalité efter revisionspliktens avskaffande2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to identify the auditor's role of the statutory quality in microcompany financial statements. Furthermore, the study develops and tests a model to assess the quality of the annual reports for micro enterprises. Quality in annual reports can be assessed as qualitative or quantitative. Qualitative quality is characterized by the qualitativecharacteristics of the Financial Accounting Standards Board and the International Accounting Standards Board. The quantitative quality focuses on the completeness of the financial statements according to the current rules. Statutory quality of the Annual Accounts Act is based on the quantitative quality. Swedish Companies Registration Office dealing annual perceive a difference in quality after the audit requirement was abolished for small limited companies 2010. Investigation SOU 2008: 32 show that the auditor does not have a significant bearing on quality. Hultman & Nylander (2012) suggests that there is support for a bookkeeper and auditor provides a higher quality of financial statements. Chung & Narasimhan (2001) argues that the cost of the audit is the main argument for the abolition of mandatory auditing, although there are various arguments for statutory audit. Banks may require their client’s financial statements to be audited. That's because the annual reports get higher quality and greater credibility, if an auditor has been hired, according to Allee and Yohn (2009). The research, appearing in the subject is about the qualitative quality. However, there are few studies on quantitative quality. Mora et al. (1994) is the main reference for thisstudy. They developed a scoring system for assessing the quality of the Spanish annual reports.We made a quantitative study with a sample of 121 small companies in Västernorrland, which had opted out of the auditor. Fiscal year without auditor compared to the previous year when they had the auditor. We wanted to determine whether there was a connection between the quality of the annual report and the presence of the auditor. To assess the quality we applied our developed model after model of Mora et al. (1994) on the statutory quality and interviews with auditors. The model was evaluated with an interview with two auditors from Grant Thornton in Sundsvall. Thereafter the model developed further. The results showed that the audited financial statements had 5.8% of the deficiency. Defectiveness of the unauditedfinancial statements was 8.2%. The conclusion of the study was that there was not enough support for the thesis that the auditor has a bearing on the quality. It was also in line with Hultman & Nylander (2012) which had similar tendencies. The shortcoming of the outcome was largely formal deficiencies. The further developed model of the division of statutory- and formal deficiencies showed no relationship between the quality of the annual report and the choice to hire an auditor or not.

  • 2.
    Pettersson, Joacim
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Snäll, Anders
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    En kartläggning av årsredovisningars kvalité efter revisionspliktens avskaffande2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to identify the auditor's role of the statutory quality in microcompany financial statements. Further more, the study develops and tests a model to assess the quality of the annual reports for micro enterprises. Quality in annual reports can be assessed as qualitative or quantitative. Qualitative quality is characterized by the qualitative characteristics of the Financial Accounting Standards Board and the International AccountingStandards Board. The quantitative quality focuses on the completeness of the financial statements according to the current rules. Statutory quality of the Annual Accounts Act is based on the quantitative quality. Swedish Companies Registration Office dealing annual perceive a difference in quality after the audit requirement was abolished for small limited companies 2010. Investigation SOU 2008: 32 show that the auditor does not have asignificant bearing on quality. Hultman & Nylander (2012) suggests that there is support for abookkeeper and auditor provides a higher quality of financial statements. Chung &Narasimhan (2001) argues that the cost of the audit is the main argument for the abolition of mandatory auditing, although there are various arguments for statutory audit. Banks may require their client’s financial statements to be audited. That's because the annual reports gethigher quality and greater credibility, if an auditor has been hired, according to Allee andYohn (2009). The research, appearing in the subject is about the qualitative quality. However, there are few studies on quantitative quality. Mora et al. (1994) is the main reference for this study. They developed a scoring system for assessing the quality of the Spanish annualreports.We made a quantitative study with a sample of 121 small companies in Västernorrland, whichhad opted out of the auditor. Fiscal year without auditor compared to the previous year whenthey had the auditor.

    We wanted to determine whether there was a connection between thequality of the annual report and the presence of the auditor. To assess the quality we appliedour developed model after model of Mora et al. (1994) on the statutory quality and interviews with auditors. The model was evaluated with an interview with two auditors from GrantThornton in Sundsvall. There after the model developed further. The results showed that theaudited financial statements had 5.8% of the deficiency. Defectiveness of the unaudited financial statements was 8.2%. The conclusion of the study was that there was not enough support for the thesis that the auditor has a bearing on the quality. It was also in line with Hultman & Nylander (2012) which had similar tendencies. The short coming of the outcome was largely formal deficiencies. The further developed model of the division of statutory- andformal deficiencies showed no relationship between the quality of the annual report and the choice to hire an auditor or not.

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Citation style
  • apa
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  • Other style
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