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  • 1.
    Tabrizi, Fara
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Jansson, Billy
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Reducing involuntary memory by interfering consolidation of stressful auditory information: A pilot study2016In: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, ISSN 0005-7916, E-ISSN 1873-7943, Vol. 50, 238-244 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and objectives: Intrusive emotional memories were induced by aversive auditory stimuli and modulated with cognitive tasks performed post-encoding (i.e., during consolidation). Method: A between-subjects design was used with four conditions; three consolidation-interference tasks (a visuospatial and two verbal interference tasks) and a no-task control condition. Forty-one participants listened to a soundtrack depicting traumatic scenes (e.g., police brutality, torture and rape). Immediately after listening to the soundtrack, the subjects completed a randomly assigned task for 10 min. Intrusions from the soundtrack were reported in a diary during the following seven-day period. Results: In line with a modality-specific approach to intrusion modulation, auditory intrusions were reduced by verbal tasks compared to both a no-task and a visuospatial interference task.. Limitations: The study did not control for individual differences in imagery ability which may be a feature in intrusion development. Conclusions: The results provide an increased understanding of how intrusive mental images can be modulated which may have implications for preventive treatment. (c) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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