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  • 1.
    Bergman, Jonny
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Wall, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Ålder och funktionalitet: om vuxna barns ansvarstagande för ensamboende föräldrars trygghet2017In: Introduktion till kritiska åldersstudier / [ed] Clary Krekula och Barbro Johansson, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2017, 183-196 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En dominerande diskurs om åldrande innehåller föreställningar om individens avtagande funktionsförmåga. I detta kapitel diskuterar vi hur ålder görs i relation till funktionalitet, risk och ansvarstagande och visar hur äldre identifieras som sårbara och antas ha svårare att agera som ansvarstagande medborgare. Med utgångspunkt i samtal med vuxna barn synliggörs konstruktionen av en omarkerad vuxenhet (jfr kap. 1), men också dilemman som uppkommer då det vuxna barnet försöker ta ett vuxenansvar för sin egen förälder.

  • 2.
    Danielsson, Erna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Wall, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Öhman, Susanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ethical Perspectives on Volunteer Participation: Training CBRN Incidents Live2015In: Ethics and Risk management / [ed] Lina Svedin, Charlotte: IAP Information Age Publishing , 2015, 1, 141-158 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Linnell, Mikael
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Johansson, Catrin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Olofsson, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Wall, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Öhman, Susanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Enhancing public resilience: A community approach2015In: Planet@Risk, ISSN 2296-8172, Vol. 3, no 1, 33-44 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of the paper is to explore two key areas in crisis management: (a) the role of local communities in crisis preparedness and response, and (b) how to involve the citizens in this task.Specifically we ask: What areas are important to develop in order for public resilience to be enhanced? The study has a broad scope and utilizes a novel design since it takes four stakeholder perspectives into consideration: the perspectives of municipal safety coordinators, members of voluntary organizations, semiorganized individuals, and nonorganized individuals. In total 33 in-depth interviews were undertaken in three different Swedish municiplaities.Seven major themes related to enhanced public resilience were developed in the analytic process: a) Collaboration: formal and informal practices, b) Specific competences and general abilities, c) Collective efforts and individual self help, d) Education and empowerment, e) Traditional communication versus digital media, f) Individual motivation and involvement, and g) Generation and age. From these themes four policy-level recommendations aimed for civil servants and similar public authority representatives. The recommendations consist of four key words, or ‘The four In:s; Inclusive, Interested, Insistent, and Inventive’. The study is part of an extensive research project, Public Empowerment Policies for Crisis Management, funded as part of the European Community's Seventh Framework Program.

  • 4.
    Linnell, Mikael
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Johansson, Catrin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Olofsson, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Wall, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Öhman, Susanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Enhancing public resilience: A community approach2014In: Proceedings of the International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC Davos 2014: Extended abstracts, Davos: Global Risk Forum , 2014, 541-544 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of this study is to explore the interface between local authorities and voluntary initiatives, to identify key enablers for enhancing public resilience. In other words, the present study is about mapping the state of collaboration between local authorities and the organized voluntary and not organized public, and attends to good examples of coproducing safety. The analyses are based on a literature study together with 33 interviews with representatives of four social actors at the community level: 1) professionals working at municipalities, 2) volunteers engaged in NGOs, 3) semi-organized individuals, and 4) non-organized individuals, in three geographical areas in Sweden representing different kinds of physical and social environments. The main results show that there are some particular areas that are important for enhancing public resilience. These areas are; Collaboration, Formal and informal practices, General ability and specific competence, Dynamics between collective efforts and individual self-help, Aspects of education and empowerment, Traditional communication versus digital media, Individual involvement, and Age and generations. The paper identifies a number of challenges and opportunities in each area. A general observation is also that the scope and depth of collaboration between public and municipal emergency actors and voluntary organizations differ a lot depending on population density, size of local community and geographical characteristics. These factors seem to have most impact on how formal the collaboration is between the professional and voluntary organizations and issues related to resources of different kinds. 

  • 5.
    Linnell, Mikael
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Johansson, Catrin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Olofsson, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Wall, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Öhman, Susanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Experiences and requirements for a community approach involving social groups in crisis preparedness and response2014Report (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Wall, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Annorlunda ungdomar2009In: Risker i moderna samhällen.: Samhällsvetenskapliga perspektiv., Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2009, 195-216 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Innehåll; Tre definitioner av ungdom, Ungdomars uppfattningar om risk, Exempel på riskuppfattningar bland svenska ungdomar, Vi visste inte så mycket om ungdomar och risk

  • 7.
    Wall, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Att ta risker eller utsättas för dem: Om hur flickor i stad och landsbygd förhåller sig till hälsorelaterade risker2006In: Locus : tidskrift för forskning om barn och ungdomar, ISSN 1100-3197, no 4, 13- p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det är skillnad på hur flickor i stad och på landsbygd ser på risker. Med fokusgruppsintervjuer som utgångspunkt analyseras hur hälsorelaterade risker disktueras och sätts i relation till det omgivande samhället. Flickorna i staden visar sig ha en mer individualistisk syn, medan den syn som flickorna på landsbygden har är mer kollektivistisk.

  • 8.
    Wall, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Betydelsen av personlig autonomi för individens riskförståelseManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande studie presenterar teoretisk vidareutveckling av begreppet riskförståelse. Det socialpsykologiska begreppet personlig autonomi introduceras för att klargöra den sociala dimensionen av individens riskförståelse. Bidrag till forskningsområdet diskuteras liksom den empiriska tillämpbarheten. Denna teoretiska förstudie kommer att användas som grund för ett kommande projekt om hur begreppet riskförståelse kan bidra till kunskap om den enskildes drivkrafter att förebygga risker i vardagslivet.

  • 9.
    Wall, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Förstå och förebygga risker i vardagen: Slutrapport för det postdoktorala forskningsprojektet "Den enskildes drivkraft att förebygga olyckor och kriser"2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektets utgångspunkt var att ”empiriskt undersöka den enskilde individens drivkrafter ifråga om att förebygga olika typer av olyckor och kriser” vilket studerats genom olika delprojekt vilka återknutit till temat på ett övergripande plan, men samtidigt bidragit med specifika perspektiv. 

    Utifrån projektets övergripande syfte har flera delprojekt formulerats, vilka på olika sätt bidrar till att ge perspektiv på hur individen förhåller sig till risker i vardagen. 

     Förebyggande insatser och betydelsen av motivation 

     Visuella metoder för ny kunskap om hur individen förhåller sig till risk 

     Emotioners roll i individens riskförståelse 

     Cryptosporidium som ett exempel på en ny risk i vardagen 

    Teoretiskt har begreppen motivation och (sociala) emotioner särskilt lyfts fram och empiriskt har vardagsrisker stått i centrum för projektet. Termen vardagrisker har hanterats på lika olika sätt i olika vetenskapliga texter där såväl risker i trafiken som utbrottet av Cryptosporidium i dricksvattnet i Östersund vintern 2010/2011 lyfts fram som empiriska exempel. Metodologiskt har projektet inneburit en möjlighet att närma sig de kreativa metoder för datainsamling och analys, där visuella metoder getts utrymme som del i studien, genom delprojektet Riskbilden.

  • 10.
    Wall, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Kulturteoretiska perspektiv på risk.2009In: Risker i moderna samhällen: Samhällsvetenskapliga perspektiv, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2009, 93-102 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Innehåll: Det kulturteoretiska perspektivet, Risk och samhällets sociala mönster, Tillhörighet och struktur

  • 11.
    Wall, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Qnet: kvinnliga akademiker en regional tillväxtfaktor för framtidens vinnarlän: Avslutande utvärdering av projekt Qnet, projektperiod I, 2001-01-01 t.o.m. 2003-12-31, med förlängning till 2004-02-29.2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Utvärderingen visar att Qnet har varit ett mycket aktivt projekt med en omfattande verksamhet. De brister som visat sig vid utvärderingen kan i stort sett härledas till otydliga och väl vida formuleringar av syften och mål i projektbeskrivningen. Det övergripande syftet för projektperioden har inte fungerat som ledstjärna för verksamheten, vilket lett till viss diskrepans mellan projektbeskrivningen och projektets verksamhet. Medlemmarna i Qnet upplever dock i hög grad att projektet är viktigt och att de får möjlighet till personlig utveckling genom Qnet. Främst framhåller man den kvalitet man upplever att det mentorskapsprogram som genomförts i projektet haft. Till grund för den avslutande utvärderingen gjordes en intervjuundersökning där fem medlemmar ur Qnet intervjuades. Valet av intervjupersoner baserades på två aspekter - att de skulle spegla medlemmarnas yrkesmässiga spridning i privat och offentlig sektor, och att de skulle spegla medlemmarnas spridning med avseende på grad av aktivitet i nätverket. Utöver intervjuundersökningen bygger utvärderingen på material från en projektet: projektbeskrivning, lägesrapporter samt data från en enkätundersökning. 

  • 12.
    Wall, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Riskförståelse bland ungdomar i glesbygd och stad2006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln fokuserar på hur ungdomar i glesbygd respektive storstad förstår risk, det vill säga hur ungdomar begreppsliggör risker utifrån livskontext och egna erfarenheter. Resultaten av denna studie bygger på empiri från totalt sju stycken fokusgruppsintervjuer med ungdomar i glesbygd och stad, dessutom har fokusgruppsintervjuer gjorts med vuxna i samma områden. Fokusgruppsintervjuer ger möjlighet att studera såväl vad som sägs som hur det sägs (Morgan, 1996; Wibeck, 2002).

     

  • 13.
    Wall, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Riskförståelse: Teoretiska och empiriska perspektiv2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis introduces the concept of ‘sense-making of risk’ (riskförståelse) for the purpose of the theoretical and empirical study of the individual’s sense-making of risk. Particular weight is attached to an examination of the term’s various components, its compass, and the relationship between sense-making of risk and behaviour. The premise is that risk is created and defined by the common conceptions that exist within the framework of a specific social context; the effect is to focus attention on the significance of social and cultural contexts. To provide a full picture of sense-making of risk, and risk behaviour, and to study these phenomena using a variety of methodological perspectives, the data was gathered from both polls and focus-group interviews. It is in the first article, based on a focus-group interview study, that the concept of sense-making of risk is introduced: the empirical results demonstrate that it can be used to chart how young people with similar risk perceptions differ in their understanding of a variety of risks. A theoretical model is proposed that establishes that there are two dimensions to the individual’s sense-making of risk. The second article considers young people’s risk behaviour in traffic milieus. The principal conclusion drawn in this study is that the individual’s sense-making of risk is insufficient to explain behaviour in relation to risk: the spatial context must also be taken into account. The third article focuses on the relationship between place attachment and sense-making of risk, and demonstrates that various aspects of place attachment have implications for the individual’s sense-making of risk. The fourth and final article offers a cluster analysis. The article’s most important result is its refinement of the theoretical concepts.  Structure of meaning is singled out as the basis for the individual’s sense-making of risk. In its empirical application the concept was shown to be useful in studying the behavioural differences between various social groups, since grouping by structure of meaning furnishes an explanation for variations in risk and risk-reducing behaviour. The introductory and concluding chapters assemble the studies’ findings and offer a full account of the concept of sense-making of risk. The thesis’ most important conceptual contribution is to the question of how the individual arrives at a personal sense-making of risk. However, it will fall to future studies to establish the concept’s general applicability by considering its theoretical ramifications and empirical implementation. In this way, sense-making of risk can take its place in a specifically sociological conceptual apparatus that focuses on how the individual relates to risk.

  • 14.
    Wall, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Sense-Making of Risk.: An urban-rural perspective of socially defined views of risk.2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Wall, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Sense-making of risk and role-taking emotions: How young Swedes construe road traffic risk.2014In: Journal of Risk Research, ISSN 1366-9877, E-ISSN 1466-4461, Vol. 17, no 10, 1285-1299 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study is to improve our understanding of how young people makesense of traffic risk. The study also aims to contribute to current theory by refining the concept of'sense-making of risk'. The focus, both empirical and theoretical, is on role-taking emotions. In order tochart both the general significance for sense-making of social interaction and the respondentssubjective sense of traffic risk, the present study used both in-depth interviews and focus groupinterviews: the in-depth interviews comprised a total of eleven interviews with as many interviewees,while a total of 36 people were included in the eight focus group interviews. All interviewees wereSwedish residents aged between 16 and 20. It is found that by adopting the perspective afforded by thetheory of emotion, it is possible to extend our knowledge of individual sense-making of risk. Bothprimary emotions and role-taking emotions are central to how young Swedes form theirunderstanding of traffic risk. A focus on role-taking emotions reveals the importance of indirect socialinteraction for the individual's sense-making of risk in general, and adds to our knowledge of theindividual's sense-making of traffic risk in particular.

  • 16.
    Wall, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Structure of meaning and sense-making of risk: An operationalisation of sense-making tested by grouping individuals according to their structure of meaning2011In: Journal of Risk Research, ISSN 1366-9877, E-ISSN 1466-4461, Vol. 14, no 6, 735-755 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to refine the theory of individual’s sense-making of risk as a product of structure of meaning, and subsequently to test the theory empirically by identifying coherent groups of individuals by means of an operationalisation of each individual’s structure of meaning. To this end a two-step cluster analysis was conducted on a random selection of the Swedish population (N = 778) aged between 16 and 75 that resulted in three groups of individuals: the ‘locally rooted’; the ‘globally minded’; and ‘the cosmopolitan’. An analysis of variation (one-way ANOVA) was then used in a simple test of the viability of the operationalisation. The analysis shows that the three groups of individuals differ in their behavioural patterns in the face of various everyday risks. The article’s principal contribution is the development the theory of the structure of meaning’s role in how individuals sense-make risk. Furthermore, with the analysis and testing inherent in operationalisation, the study is an empirical contribution to the field. In future the structure of meaning would bear closer study, and the operationalisation should be further refined to create a more sensitive gauge of sense-making and its connection with the behavioural patterns associated with various risks.

  • 17.
    Wall, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The individual’s prevention of accidents and crises in everyday life: Sense-making of risk and individual motivation2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to discuss the theoretical relationship between sense-making of risk (SMR) and motivation types when it comes to the understanding of individual’s prevention of accidents and crises in everyday life. Contributions to the research area are discussed, as well as limitations of the chosen concepts. The usefulness when it comes to empirically investigating the individual’s motive forces to prevent accidents and cries in everyday life are discussed. This theoretically pre-study will be used in a forthcoming project on how sense-making of risk and individual motivation can be used to explain the individual’s motive force to prevent accidents and crises in everyday life.

  • 18.
    Wall, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Traffic safety behaviour among young people in different residential settings: The use of seat belts, bicycle helmets, and reflectors by young people in Sweden2009In: Injury control and safety promotion, ISSN 1566-0974, Vol. 16, no 4, 197-204 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines if, and how, the size of the community in which people live may contribute to explaining differences in traffic safety behaviour (self-reported behaviour regarding the use of seat belts, bicycle helmets and reflectors) among young people in Sweden. The study is based on a Swedish nationwide traffic safety survey with a net sample of 2854 respondents aged 16-25. Ordered logit regressions were performed, and place of residence is shown to have an impact on traffic safety behaviour. The results are presented and discussed in relation to risk exposure and traffic safety facilities in different settings. The implications of the study are considered, and the importance of investigating the way in which young people see traffic safety behaviour is emphasised.

  • 19.
    Wall, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ungdomars riskbeteenden och riskuppfattningar.: Vuxenblivande och identitetsskapande i risksamhället2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Wall, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ungdomars riskförståelse i trafiken.: Relationen mellan riskförståelse och platsanknytning.Manuscript (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Wall, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ungdomars samtal kring risker i trafiken: relationen mellan riskförståelse och platsanknytning2009In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 46, no 3, 37-56 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Young People Talking about Risk in Traffic Milieus: The Relationship between Sensemaking of Risk and Place Attachment This explorative study investigates the relationship between sensemaking of risk and place attachment among young people. Traffic safety behaviours are focused. Eight focus group interviews have been done, with a total number of 36 interviewees in the age of 16-20 years. Half of the groups where made in Greater Stockholm, and half in the county of Jamtland. Four aspects of place attachment where explored. The results show that particularly social belonging is of a great matter within young people's sensemaking of risk in this context. The study implies the importance of further studies of sensemaking of risk in general, and of young people's sensemaking of risk in traffic milieus in particular.

  • 22.
    Wall, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Values and Risk Perceptions among Young People: Understanding differences of risk perceptions through differences of values: Conference of European Sociological Association, ESA. Torun, Poland. 9-13 september 2005.2005Conference paper (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was twofold: firstly to investigate differences of values and risk perceptions among young people in rural and urban areas. Secondly to propose a qualitative alternative to examine values in the tradition to Inglehart and Rokeach, who have a quantitative approach. The hypotesis of this study was that it is possible to understand differences of risk perceptions between young people in rural versus urban areas by analysing differences of values between the groups. In this study risk perceptions have been studied according to Beck's theory of risk and risk society. Four homogenous (age, sex) focus groups were made, two in a rural and two in a urban area of Sweden. The respondents had to make decisions togehter about values. They also discussed risk in general and specific examples of risks. The validity of the results was guarantied by using valid tests, trasformed for use in focus groups. The results indicate that a qualitative approach, i.e. focus groups, gives a deeper understanding of Inglehart and Rokeach theories of values, and the study also demonstrates very interesting tendencies when it comes to differences in values and risk perceptions among young people in risk society.

  • 23.
    Wall, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Visualizing risk: Using participatory photography to explore individuals sense-making of risk2016In: Journal of Risk Research, ISSN 1366-9877, E-ISSN 1466-4461, Vol. 19, no 3, 347-363 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the field of risk research is increasingly alert to new theoretical and empirical perspectives, it is still the case that few studies take a visual approach, despite its obvious worth in capturing peoples experiences of everyday life. This paper considers how a visual approach can be used to deepen our knowledge of sense-making of risk, particularly young peoples views on risk. It presents empirical findings from a study that uses participatory photography to capture what individuals define as serious risks in everyday life and how these risks are expressed (722 participants in Sweden, aged 5-33, mostly children or adolescents). The conclusion is that focusing on stories embedded in images independently contributes new knowledge about how the individual makes sense of risk in everyday life, and especially that visual methods of data collection and analysis illuminate how individual sense-making of risk is intertwined with other aspects of meaning-making in everyday life. In other words, it is time for a visual turn in risk research.

  • 24.
    Wall, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Young People Making Sense of Risk: An urban-rural perspective.2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Wall, Erika
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Kvarnlöf, Linda
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Riskfyllt vatten: Hur individen skapar förståelse av oväntad parasitförekomst i dricksvattnet2012In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 49, no 1, 5-24 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This quick response study was carried out with the aim to study how individuals made sense of the outbreak of the parasite Cryptosporidium in the drinking water in Ostersund. In total 24 interviews were made with people in Ostersund. The result shows that the interviewees related to social as well as spatial dimensions when they made sense of this risky situation, which can be understood in relation to the concept of sensemaking of risk. Six groups among the interviewees emerged in the analysis, illustrating how different aspects of the risk where focused in the process of sensemaking. Further, the study shows that the process of sensemaking was built upon direct as well as indirect social relations, where the interviewees made sense of the risk by relating to people who were close to them as well as to people to whom they had no personal relation. These indirect social relations were defined as: elderly, children and people in other countries, which also points at the fact that the interviewees made sense of the risk in a global context. Finally, the results suggest that social relations could be further explored in future studies in sensemaking of risk.

  • 26.
    Wall, Erika
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ljungdahl, Jens
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Att köpa spänning: Hur ungdomar förhåller sig till risk vid köp av äventyrsaktiviteter2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning 

    I föreliggande rapport redovisas resultaten från ett forskningsprojekt om hur ungdomar förhåller sig till risk vid köp av och deltagande i äventyrsaktiviteter. Projektet har genomförts på uppdrag av Konsumentverket. 

    Forskningsprojektet har utgått ifrån sociologisk riskteori med särskilt fokus på riskförståelse och tillit och syftat till att ge fördjupad förståelse om hur ungdomar förhåller sig till risk vid köp av och deltagande i äventyrsaktiviteter. 

    Rapporten baseras på empiriskt material insamlat genom en fältstudie. De metoder som använts för datainsamling har bestått av kortfattade formella forskningsintervjuer, informella samtal, djupintervjuer och observationer. Foto har också varit en viktig del av datainsamlingen. Dessutom har fältan-teckningar skrivits under hela datainsamlingen. Fältstudien genomfördes i Östersund under ”yranveckan” i juli 2013 med åtta dagar av festligheter där deltagare kunde ta del av olika aktiviteter eller äta och dricka på någon av de många tillfälliga restauranger som byggts upp inom området. Under de sista dagarna genomfördes Storsjöyran som är en stadsfestival med scener runt om i centrala Östersund och i Badhusparken. 

    De äventyrsaktiviteter som studerats var att åka kabel och ribbåt. Att åka kabel innebär att åka wakeboard eller vattenskidor med hjälp av en eldriven kabel som manövreras av personal. Att åka ribbåt är en äventyrsaktivitet där deltagaren får en fartfylld upplevelse genom att åka båt i hög fart. 

    Vid köp av och deltagande i de undersökta äventyrsaktiviteterna var säkerhet ett ständigt närvarande tema, särskilt vid information och instruktioner. Däremot talade såväl deltagare som arrangörer i mycket låg utsträckning om risker med deltagande. Säkerhetsinformationen fokuserade särskilt på skyddsutrustning och hur denna skulle användas. Att använda skyddsutrustning var ett krav för deltagande i båda aktiviteterna. 

    I relation till teori om riskförståelse och tillit visar projektet att upplevelsen av trygghet vid deltagande i de undersökta äventyrsaktiviteterna hänger ihop med tillit i relationen mellan arrangörer och deltagare. Genom detta blev upplevelsen av risk sammanflätad med genomförandet av de båda aktiviteterna, vilket belyser betydelsen av sociala relationer för upplevd trygghet. Rapportens mest centrala slutsats är att information har en mycket central roll för deltagares upplevelse av trygghet vid äventyrsaktiviteter.

  • 27.
    Wall, Erika
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Olofsson, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Young People Making Sense of Risk: an empirical and theoretical development of a new concept: Paper presented at NYRIS, 2006-01-12-01-14, Stockholm, Sweden.2006Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    By launching the term "sense-making", our intention is to deepen the understanding of young people and risk. Seven focus group interviews were made in 2004/05, including three reference interviews with adults: four in an urban area (Greater Stockholm) and three in a rural area (the county of Jämtland). The results indicate that sense-making of risk is a fruitful way of capturing hidden heterogeneity among young people with similar risk perceptions. Young people in rural areas tend to make sense of risk according to us here, a collectivistic and embedded view of risk, while young people in urban areas have an individualistic and disembedded view, expressed according to me-there or me-where I am. This can be interpreted as such that young people´s sense-making of risk is based in different modernities, entangled with each other through e.g. global mass communication systems.

  • 28.
    Wall, Erika
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Olofsson, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Young people making sense of risk: How meanings of risk are materialised within the social context of every-day life.2008In: Young - Nordic Journal of Youth Research, ISSN 1103-3088, E-ISSN 1741-3222, Vol. 16, no 4, 431-448 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    By using the term ‘sensemaking’ our intention isto deepen the understanding of young people and risk. Four focusgroup interviews with young people were made in 2004/05, twoin an urban area (Greater Stockholm) and two in a rural area(the county of Jämtland). Three reference interviews withadults were also made (two in Greater Stockholm and one in Jämtland).The results indicate that sensemaking of risk is a fruitfulway of capturing hidden heterogeneity regarding how young peoplewith similar risk perceptions give risk meaning. Based on theempirical results, that is, depending on where young peoplelive they make sense of risk differently, a two–dimensionaltheoretical model for sensemaking of risk is proposed; individualism–collectivism,and local attachment–local detachment.

  • 29.
    Warne, Maria
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Wall, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Managers’ and employees’ views of critical aspects for alcohol abuse prevention at small and medium enterprises: the case of ski resorts in NorthernSweden2017In: Society, health and vulnerability, ISSN 0283-1929, E-ISSN 1751-9020, Vol. 8, no sup1, 67-79 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Seasonal workers at tourism resorts, particularly young employees, represent a high-riskpopulation for alcohol abuse and other negative lifestyles. This study explores how managers and employees at ski resorts in Northern Sweden experience critical aspects for hazardous alcohol use at small- and medium-sized enterprises. This analysis is based on one open-ended question about hazardous alcohol use prevention at the workplace answered by 153 employees,and semi-structured interviews about being a manager at a ski resort conducted with 13managers. The analysis showed that managers’ views regarding hazardous alcohol use prevention were double-edged, which was confirmed by the employees’ answers. The managers contribute to the preservation of existing alcohol norms but simultaneously enforce policies and administer tests to control employees’ sobriety at work. Three themes emerged: reproducing existing alcohol norms, an alcohol-controlled working environment and care-taking managers. The results identified a need for early prevention initiatives focusing on the norms and work cultures of small- and medium-sized ski resorts. In relation to the theory of planned behaviour, the analysis illuminates how evaluations of behaviours related to alcohol consumption are communicated in policies and through leadership. In addition, the importance of social pressure regarding alcohol use is clarified in the material.

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