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  • 1.
    Bäckström, Ingela
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Wiklund, Håkan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Are healthy and successful organizations working accordingly to Quality Management?2009In: International journal of workplace health management, ISSN 1753-8351, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 245-257Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this paper is to examine if healthy and successful organizations are working accordingly to Quality Management. The purpose is also to describe in more detail how they are working.

     

    Methodology/Approach

    Three Swedish organizations that have shown excellence in leadership, internal partnership, working environment and profitability have been examined, to find out what methodologies they have used for their success. To discover whether these healthy and successful organizations are working accordingly to Quality Management, Deming’s 14-point list has been used as an analytical tool.

     

    Findings

    Identified methodologies used by the healthy and successful organizations are described.  Viewed in the light of our analysis, a relationship between the three examined healthy and successful organizations and Quality Management is indicated.

     

    Practical implications

    Working with the methodologies described in the paper, the three organizations have improved co-worker health. Other organizations could probably adopt the identified and described methodologies to improve the health of their co-workers and effectiveness in the organization.

     

    Originality/value

    Concerning the performance evaluation and the continuous improvement component in Quality Management, substantial contributions could be made to the health area by applying the tools that the quality area have used over a considerable period to improve the quality outcomes.

    Quality and health aspects have common success factors, and a focus on high quality could be seen as positive for health outcomes.

  • 2.
    Bäckström, Ingela
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Physics and Mathematics.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Physics and Mathematics.
    Wiklund, Håkan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Physics and Mathematics.
    Management methodologies for sustaniable health: A case study at three Swedish organisations2005In: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Quality Management for Organisational and Regional Development : QMOD 2005: QMOD 2005 Palermo, Italy 29.06.2005 - 01.07.2005, Luleå, 2005, p. 703-712Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Good management and leadership are key factors for sustainable development and long-term success in all types of organisations. Nevertheless, many organisations are still struggling with quality problems, sick ness absence and financial difficulties caused by poor top management. Many researchers have reported on relationships between good management and working environment, quality and efficiency. So the question is why good management is not practised to a greater extent. In this paper, management methodologies for sustainable health among employees and consequent customer satisfaction and good bottom line results are explored by studying top leaders in three Swedish successful organisations. General questions dealt with in the paper are: How can managers commit employees to be part of the proactive work with sustainable health? What methodologies can top managers use to get well-motivated employees, a good working environment, satisfied customers and good financial results? The studied organisations are two manufacturing companies and one hospital. The organisations have received national awards for their excellence in leadership, internal partnership, working environment and efficiency. They all demonstrate good examples of long-term work with sustainable health among employees which has decreased sick ness absence. Explorative qualitative methods have been used to identify management methodologies in the case organisations. The results confirm a relation between leadership and sustainable health. In all organisations sustainable leadership has been characterised by great humanity, a long-range perspective and a holistic view of management. These management methodologies with concrete examples are described in the paper.

  • 3. Hansson, O
    et al.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Physics and Mathematics.
    Arbetstillfredsställelse i kundteam: en fallstudie på Frigoscandia Distribution AB (examensarbete)2002Report (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Attraktivitet är en färskvara2009In: Dagens JuridikArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Physics and Mathematics.
    Chefen kan vara en friskfaktor2005In: Hälsa i staten, Vol. 3, p. 11-Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 6.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    CSR - papperstiger eller riktig tiger?2009In: Dagens JuridikArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 7.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    En attraktiv arbetsplats - en uthållig konkurrensfaktor2008In: Dagens JuridikArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 8.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    En hälsofrämjande verksamhetsstyrning2008In: Dagens JuridikArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 9.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    En systematisk metod för att skapa attraktiva arbetsplatser2009In: Dagens JuridikArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 10.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Healthy and Effective Leadership in Organisations2010 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Physics and Mathematics.
    Hälsofrämjande verksamhetsstyrning - från statistik till strategi2007In: Kundorienterat : Nyhetsbrev från institutet för kvalitetsutveckling, ISSN 0284-9305, no 1Article in journal (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 12.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Leadership for Quality, Effectiveness and Health2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Leadership, quality, effectiveness and health are important factors in the achievement of organisational success. Three questions are addressed to study these elements:

    1. How do leadership values relate to leadership behaviours, quality methodologies and health in organisations?

    2. How do leadership behaviours relate to effectiveness and health in organisations?

    3. How can leadership tools be designed and used to promote health in organisations?

    The research is based on five studies from three research projects. This research is reported in five papers. Study I concerned eight organisations in the middle of Sweden; the focus was on leadership values and behaviours. Study II concerned three successful organisations that received the award, ‘Sweden’s number one workplace’. Focus in this study was mainly on leadership behaviours. Study III combined results from Studies I and II with a focus on successful leadership behaviours. Study IV concerned the eight organisations in Study I. A leadership tool in the form of a Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) model was developed and evaluated. Study V was of two organisations in Sweden; the focus in that work was on the use of a leadership tool control chart designed to give managers statistically valid early warning signals about health in their organisations. Theory X and Y together with the three-dimensional leadership behaviour theory were used to assess leadership values and behaviours. The theory surrounding PDSA and control charts were used to develop leadership tools. The dimension of health is defined from a salutogenic humanistic perspective; which emphasizes individual well-being. The dimension of quality is defined as the ability to satisfy or exceed needs and expectations. Effectiveness is defined as the extent to which externally and internally defined objectives are fulfilled.

    Both qualitative and quantitative research methods were used. Interviews, seminars with employees, collection of human resource and effectiveness figures, and questionnaires completed by managers and subordinates were used to collect data.

    Managers with more Theory Y-oriented leadership values were rated by subordinates as high concerning quality methodologies and leadership behaviour dimensions. The subordinates of these managers tended to be healthier.

    Two of the studies identified common groups of leadership behaviours in effective and healthy organisations: strategy and vision, communication and information, authority and responsibility, learning culture, worker conversations, plainness and simplicity, humanity and trust, walking around and reflective personal leadership.

    These leadership behaviours fit into a leadership profile where all three of the dimensions of structure, relation and change are present. Of the three, the relation dimension is strongest and concluded to be a universal dimension.

    The developed PDSA model seems to be a leadership tool that influences both leadership values and behaviour, particularly in the area of relation-oriented leadership behaviours. An early warning system built on CUSUM- and Shewhartcharts concerning the health indicators of self-assessed general health and new sickcases per employee was also found to be a powerful and usable leadership tool.

    For future research, the explorative research findings can be quantitatively tested using representative and preferably cross-national data, with a longitudinal design.

  • 13.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Physics and Mathematics.
    Ledarskap för hälsa och lönsamhet2005In: Kvalitetsmagasinet : tidningen för kvalitets- och verksamhetsutveckling, ISSN 1104-1579, p. 22-24Article in journal (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur kan ledare arbeta för att stödja utvecklingen för en hållbar hälsa hos alla medarbetare i organisationen? Delegering av ansvar och befogenheter, insikten att alla människor är olika samt målet att ha kul på jobbet är några faktorer som bidragit till ett framgångsrikt ledarskap på Roxtec International.

  • 14.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Physics and Mathematics.
    Ledarskap för hållbar hälsa - En fallstudie på Roxtec International AB2004Other (Other scientific)
    Abstract [sv]

    På sikt hotar en låg frisknärvaro den svenska välfärden genom att kostnaderna för ohälsa blir väldigt höga, både i monetära mått och i lidande. Ledaren har, genom sitt formella ansvar och sina befogenheter, stor möjlighet att påverka organisationens utveckling. I denna rapport ges svar på forskningsfrågorna: Hur kan ledare arbeta för att stödja utvecklingen för en hållbar hälsa? Vilka goda exempel på arbetssätt kan identifieras? Som fallstudieorganisation har Roxtec International AB i Karlskrona valts. Insamlingen av empiri har genomförts med hjälp av observationer, träddiagrams-seminarium utförda av medarbetare på Roxtec och intervju med Roxtecs verkställande direktör. I den teoretiska referensramen har teorier rörande offensiv kvalitetsutveckling, kvalitetsverktyg, ledarskap, motivation, hälsa och viss teori rörande psykologi presenterats. De resultat som framkommit i fallstudien samt existerande teori har utgjort grunden för utvecklandet av en ledarskapsmodell för hållbar hälsa. Modellen innehåller tre huvudhypoteser som påverkar val av arbetssätt. Dessa arbetssätt inverkar på beteendeutfallet som i sin tur kan resultera i hälsa och lönsamhet. De tre huvud-hypoteserna behandlar delegering, hälsa och att människor är olika. En slutsats är att ett ledarskap med utgångspunkt från dessa hypoteser har hjälpt Roxtecs medarbetare till hållbar hälsa och skapat ett lönsamt företag. Ledningens synlighet, genom att ledaren går runt i organisationen och talar med medarbetarna, har visat sig vara uppskattat på Roxtec. Andra exempel på arbetssätt är att jaga tidstjuvar, öppenhet rörande information, ergonomisk rådgivning, genomförande av hälsoprojekt och att lita på medarbetare. Ledningens främsta råd till andra organisationer är att arbeta med enkelhet och tydlighet. Ett förslag till fortsatt forskning är att kontrollera den framtagna ledarskapsmodellen genom att genomföra studier hos fler framgångsrika samt mindre framgångsrika organisationer med modellen som grund.

  • 15.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Ledarskapets roll på en attraktiv arbetspalts2008In: Dagens JuridikArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 16.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Så redovisar företaget sin viktigaste resurs2008In: Dagens JuridikArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 17.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Physics and Mathematics.
    The effect of leadership values, behaviors and methodologies on quality and health2007Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Syftet med den forskning som presenteras i denna avhandling är att bidra till ökad kunskap om hur ledarskap kan praktiseras för att främja både medarbetarnas hälsa och organisationers kvalitetsarbete. Tre forskningsfrågor är ställda: 1.Hur relaterar ledarnas värderingar till ledarnas beteende samt aspekter av hälsa och kvalitet?2.Hur relaterar ledarnas beteende till aspekter av hälsa och kvalitet?3.Hur relaterar ledarnas arbetssätt till aspekter av hälsa och kvalitet?Forskningen baserar sig på två fallstudier. Fallstudie I berör tre framgångsrika arbetsplatser som fått utmärkelsen Sveriges bästa arbetsplats. Fokus i denna fallstudie är huvudsakligen på de arbetssätt som används. Fallstudie II avser åtta arbetsplatser i Jämtland och det är särskilt värderingar, beteenden och arbetssätt som har studerats. Rörande ledarskap är Teori X och Teori Y använd som teoribas för att studera ledarnas värderingar. Den tredimensionella ledarbeteendeteorin (förändring, uppgift, relation) är använd när ledarnas beteende mäts och diskuteras. Både kvalitativa och kvantitativa metoder är använda i forskningen. Ledare med X-inriktning på ledarvärderingarna har lägre resultat när medarbetarna värderar organisationens kvalitetsaspekter och samtliga tre dimensioner rörande ledarbeteendet. Vissa indikationer finns att organisationer med Y-orienterade ledare har medarbetare med bättre hälsa. Den ledarskapsprofil som har de bästa resultaten rörande kvalitetsaspekter och hälsoutfall har höga värden på alla tre dimensioner med högsta värdet på relation, följt av förändring på liknande nivå samt även uppgiftsorienteringen hög men lägre än de andra två dimensionerna. Gemen-samma arbetssätt hos framgångsrika organisationer har identifierats och presenterats. Mönster mellan framgångsrika organisationer i studie I och II har identifierats.

  • 18.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Trenderna bakom en attraktiv arbetsplats2008In: Dagens JuridikArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 19.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Är socialt ansvarstagande bara en papperstiger?2009In: Dagens JuridikArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 20.
    Larsson, Johan
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Bäckström, Ingela
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Wiklund, Håkan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Leadership and organizational behaviour: Similarities between three award-winning organizations2009In: International Journal of Management Practice, ISSN 1477-9064, E-ISSN 1741-8143, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 327-345Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this paper is to examine if healthy and successful organizations are working accordingly to Quality Management. The purpose is also to describe how the organizations are working.

     

    Methodology/Approach

    Three Swedish organizations that have shown excellence in leadership, internal partnership, working environment and profitability have been examined, to find out what methodologies they have been used for their success. To find out if the healthy and successful organizations are working accordingly to Quality Management, Deming’s 14 point list have been used as analysing tool.

     

    Findings

    Indentified methodologies used by the healthy and successful organisations are described.  Viewed through our analysis, a relationship between the three examined healthy and successful organizations and Quality Management is indicated.

     

    Practical implications

    Working with the methodologies described in the paper, the three organizations have improved co-worker health. Other organizations could probably adopt the identified and described methodologies to improve the health of their co-workers and effectiveness in the organization.

     

    Originality/value

    Concerning the performance evaluation and the continuous improvement component in Quality Management, substantial contributions could be made to the health area by applying the tools that the quality area have used for such a long time to improve the quality outcomes.

    Quality and health aspects have common success factors, and a focus on high quality could be seen as positive for health outcomes.

     

  • 21.
    Larsson, Johan K D
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Ledarskapsbokslut: Ett reflektionsverktyg för utveckling av hälsofrämjande och effektiva chefer och specialister2012Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22.
    Larsson, Johan
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    To Control with Health - From Statistics to Strategy2009In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 49-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study is to develop and test a generic model for workplace health management in organizations. Four private and four public organizations in northern Sweden were selected for the study. A model for health control was developed on the basis of a literature review and dialogues with the stakeholders in the workplaces. The model was then implemented at the workplaces during a two-year period. Interviews with leaders and sub-leaders were conducted on two occasions and were analyzed using content analysis and the constant comparison method. By using a grounded theory approach, three main categories were found: health closure and other health and working environment indicators, monetary accounting of health related indicators and changes in leadership behaviour and organizational practices. An important result was that the model influenced leadership values more than leadership and organizational methodologies. From the results a model for workplace health management is proposed, incorporating the planning, control, and improvement structures. The purpose of the model is to take health aspects into consideration when deciding organizational structure (work demands, control and social support). The model controls health by using health-related indicators with high frequency measuring whereas workplace health promotion is done in a structured way with a reflective model.

  • 23.
    Larsson, Johan
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Wiklund, Håkan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Control charts as an early warning system for workplace health outcomes2011In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 39, no 4, p. 409-425Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     Introduction: Statistical Process Control (SPC) charts have not been widely used to monitor workplace health and work environments. This research and effort to develop a more accurate and easy to use management control system for employee health is important from a humanistic, societal and economic standpoint, as well as complying with laws that regulate work environments. Objective: The purpose of the study is to design and discuss control charts as an early warning system for workplace health outcomes to promote workplace health management. Another purpose is to discuss relevant factors in the concept of the Out-of-Control Action Plan (OCAP) as a response when a chart warns that the workplace process may be malfunctioning. Participants: Two Swedish organizations were selected as case study organizations: a department at a university and an elderly care operation in a municipality. Methods: This study was explorative and should be seen as a starting point in learning how to use control charts for workplace health management. Self-assessed general health and new sick-cases per employee were selected as indicators for the control charts. Results: An integrated early warning system with Cumulative Sums-and Shewhart-charts are presented to show a possible method as to how an early warning system can be structured through the use of statistical control charts. Conclusions: The conclusion of this study is that control charts, along with well-designed implementation, make up a powerful and useable managerial early-warning system which promotes workplace health and helps to prevent sickness absence.

  • 24.
    Larsson, Johan
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Leadership behaviour in successful organisations: Universal or situation-dependent?: Universal or situational-dependent?2010In: Total quality management and business excellence (Online), ISSN 1478-3363, E-ISSN 1478-3371, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 317-334Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Leadership behaviour has a critical role in the creation of successful organisations. This article reviews dimensions of leadership behaviour theory and their relationship to effectiveness, productivity, quality, health and job satisfaction in organisations. The article has two purposes: (1) to identify and summarise leadership behaviours common among successful organisations; and (2) to use these common elements to discuss those theoretical implications which concern situational aspects of successful leadership behaviour. The successful organisations studied for this work were two manufacturing companies, one hospital and one retail operation. The case studies were performed in connection with two leadership research projects. They focused on quality work, effectiveness, working environment, subordinate health and perceptions of the leadership. The common leadership behaviours were explored using a comparative qualitative method. The identified common leadership behaviours were then analysed in relation to the three-dimensional leadership behaviour theory (change-, structure- and relation-orientation) to explore distributions between dimensions. Nine common groups of behaviours were identified and described. The qualitative analyses showed that the identified behaviours were in all three behaviour dimensions. Also evident was that relation-oriented leadership behaviour was by far the strongest of the three. The conclusion is that a successful leader uses high relation-orientation as a base. At the same time, this successful leader uses all three behaviour dimensions. The two additional dimensions of structure- and change-orientation can be altered by leaders according to situational factors. This conclusion implies that successful leadership behaviour includes both universal and contingency elements.

  • 25.
    Larsson, Johan
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Så skapas attraktiva och hälsofrämjande arbetsplatser2009In: Dagens JuridikArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 26.
    Larsson, Johan
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Physics and Mathematics.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Wiklund, Håkan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Physics and Mathematics.
    Leadership, quality and health: using McGregor's X and Y theory for analyzing values in relation to methodologies and outcomes2007In: Total Quality Management and Business Excellence, ISSN 1478-3363, E-ISSN 1478-3371, Vol. 18, no 9-10, p. 1147-1168Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has experienced an increase in sickness absenteeism, stress related health problems and a deterioration of psychosocial working conditions. Several researchers have emphasized that leadership with a focus on developing human resource practices is a necessary component of a high organizational performance. The purpose of this article is to explore whether there are patterns in leadership values and methodologies associated with subordinates´ views of leadership, health outcomes and quality aspects. Four public and four private organizations in northern Sweden were studied. McGregor´s X and Y hypotheses, plus three other hypotheses, were used as a base for the analyses. Data was gathered through in-depth interviews with the leaders, questionnaires (completed by leaders and co-workers), and assessment of selected human resource accounting data (sickness absenteeism). The leader views were mirrored with the co-worker views through a comparison of qualitative and quantitative results in a stepwise analysis process. The study´s main findings were that leaders with more X hypotheses get lower results concerning employee judged leadership and quality aspects and, to some extent, lower results concerning health outcomes. The explanatory analyses concerning leadership and health are complex with many influencing factors.

  • 27.
    Larsson, Johan
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Physics and Mathematics.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Wiklund, Håkan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Physics and Mathematics.
    Leadership Values for Quality and Health - How does McGregor's X and Y Theory Influences Methodologies and Outcomes?2005In: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Quality Management for Organisational and Regional Development : QMOD 2005: QMOD 2005 Palermo, Italy 29.06.2005 - 01.07.2005, Luleå, 2005, p. 691-702Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last years the Swedish working life has been characterized by increased levels of sickness absenteeism, stress related health problems and a deterioration of the psychosocial work conditions. Since there are clear local variations concerning health at different workplaces, it is often stated that differences in working environment and work organizational factors constitute an important explanation. Several researchers emphasizes that leadership with a focus on developing human resource practices is a necessary component of high organizational performance. The purpose of this article is to explore if there are patterns in leadership values and methodologies connected to health outcomes and quality aspects. McGregor�s X and Y hypotheses plus three other hypotheses are used as a base for the analyses. Data has been collected by in-deep interviews with the leaders, questionnaires to both leaders and all employees, and human resource accounting figures. The leader views are mirrored with the employee views, by comparing qualitative and quantitative results in a step wise analyses process. Case study organizations are four public and four private organizations in northern Sweden. The study main findings are that leaders with more X hypotheses get lower results concerning employee judged leadership and quality aspects, and to some extent also lower results concerning health outcomes. Clear differences between the studied organizations are noted. One interesting result is that one organization (C1) positively distinguishes concerning quality and health aspects. A conclusion in this study is that Y oriented leaders work more intense with the TQM values continuous improvements, base decisions on facts, co-worker commitment and leadership commitment.

  • 28. Malmquist, Claes
    et al.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Physics and Mathematics.
    Att styra med hälsa - Från statistik till strategi2007Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetsgivarens insikt om betydelsen av god arbetsmiljö och god hälsa hos sin personal är en viktig faktor i strävan efter att skapa en effektiv och långsiktigt hållbar verksamhet. I boken Att styra med hälsa � från statistik till strategi resovisas resultat, erfarenheter och forskning från en studie om "Hälsofrämjande verksamhetsstyrning" på åtta jämtländska arbetsplatser. De verktyg som tillämpats är hälsobokslut, ekonomiska analyser, organisationsdiagnos samt nätverksträffar och processtöd. Studien har varit både praktisk och forskningningsinriktad. Boken ger konkreta råd främst till ledare, men även till andra intressenter, om hur hälsoperspektivet kan integreras i den traditionella verksamhetsstyrningen. Boken innehåller även tips om hur förändringsarbete med fokus på hälsa och arbetsmiljö kan bedrivas. Kapitelrubriker: · Varför styra med hälsa? · Vad är hälsa? · Vad är styrning? · Hälsofrämjande verksamhetsstyrning i praktiken · Resultat och analys · Forskning · Våra erfarenheter och råd Dessutom ingår ett komplett hälsobokslut, delar av verktyget organisationsdiagnos, referenser samt litteraturtips. Författare: Claes Malmquist Konsult, föreläsare och författare inom det personalekonomiska området. Stig Vinberg Forskare med lång erfarenhet av förändringsarbete på arbetsplatser. Johan Larsson Doktorand som forskar kring ledarskap, verksamhetsstyrning, kvalitet och hälsa.

  • 29.
    Vinberg, Stig
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Gundersen, Kjell Terje
    Högskolan i Nord-Tröndelag.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Entrepreneurs’ health – the importance of psychosocial working conditions and individual factors2012In: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing, ISSN 1742-5360, E-ISSN 1742-5379, Vol. 4, no 4, p. 374-390Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to identify individual characteristics, individual resources and psychosocial working conditions that explain health among micro enterprise entrepreneurs. The study investigated a sample consisting of 139 Swedish entrepreneurs, who individually answered a questionnaire. Hierarchical regression analyses were performed for self-rated health, sickness presence and sickness absence. Relevant predictor variables for self-rated health were age, change competence, job demands (reversed), physical exercise, social activities and social support. For sickness presence (reversed) the predictor variables gender (male), age and job demands (reversed) contributed significantly. None of the predictor variables contributed significantly to sickness absence. One conclusion is that improving entrepreneurs’ health should focus on both individual and organisational  measures. Another conclusion is that entrepreneurs’ health might be an  underestimated resource for entrepreneurial behavior.

  • 30.
    Vinberg, Stig
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Malmquist, Claes
    Hur påverkas verksamhetens effektivitet och lönsamhet av satsningar på de anställdas hälsa?: En studie av ledarskap och hälsofrämjande processer i två glesbygdskommuner2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport fokuserar på hälsofrämjande verksamhetsstyrning i kommuner. Vår uppfattning är att detta tema är intressant utifrån att många hälsofrämjande processer stannar upp eller inte kommer igång i svenskt arbetsliv. Förhoppningsvis kan våra studier bidra till ökad kunskap om effekter av hälsofrämjande insatser på arbetsplatser. Vi hoppas att ledare för olika verksamheter i högre grad utnyttjar existerande kunskap från forskning och omsätter denna i goda förbättringsprocesser. Vår uppfattning är att uppstart och genomförande av sådana processer är beroende av chefens värderingar, engagemang och beteenden. I detta perspektiv anser vi att ökad organisatorisk och individuell hälsokompetens är en nödvändig förutsättning för dessa processers framgång. Med hälsokompetens menar vi kunskap, färdigheter och förmåga att förstå vilka komponenter som bör ingå i processen samt hur denna genomförs. Våra studier visar på betydelsen av ett engagerat ledarskap, helhetsinriktade insatser på såväl individ- som organisationsnivå samt hög delaktighet från ledare och medarbetare i planering och genomförande

    1. Våra studier tyder på att det finns en ekonomisk potential för arbetsplatser som tillämpar ett sådant angreppssätt.

    Författarna vill tacka alla medarbetare i deltagande kommuner som studerats i projektet. Ett särskilt tack till Anne Lundstedt och Susanne Magnusson som förtjänstfullt hjälpt till med datainsamling och praktiska arrangemang, samt till Jörgen Söderback för hjälp med datafiler och Gunnar Gelin som gett värdefulla råd och stöd i de statistiska analyserna. Vi riktar också ett tack till IFAU som finansierat studien (Dnr 75/2009).

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