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  • 1.
    Haldén, Peter
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Tjällén, BiörnMid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities.
    Mod i strid och filosofi: Dygdetiska perspektiv från Aristoteles till drönarkriget2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Mod är en egenskap som hyllats i alla krigförande kulturer. Konsten, litteraturen och filosofin har ofta tagit upp modet som tema, både för att befästa ett militärt ideal och för att problematisera denna egenskap. Men vad är egentligen mod? Var går gränsen till övermod? Vad utmärker mod i strid, och kan man träna soldater att bli modiga? Dessa frågeställningar tar plats även i vår tid där krig och försvar diskuteras i dagens militära miljöer, och frågor om etik är lika aktuella som frågor om effektivitet.

    Mod i strid och filosofi studerar författarna historiska perspektiv på mod och dagsaktuell forskning kring strid och militär utbildning. Förr talade man om mod eller tapperhet som en av flera eftersträvansvärda dygder – idag talar man hellre om professionalism. Men hur mycket skiljer sig egentligen den moderna tidens militära ideal från de historiska? Kan vi lära oss något av den dygdetik som i århundraden användes för att forma modiga individer och tappra krigare?

  • 2.
    Tjällén, Biörn
    Stockholms universitet.
    Aristotle’s heroic virtue and medieval theories of monarchy2015In: Shaping heroic virtue : studies in the art and politics of supereminence in Europe and Scandinavia, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers , 2015, p. 55-66Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Tjällén, Biörn
    Stockholms universitet.
    Blockmans, W., Holenstein, A., & Mathieu, J. (eds.), Empowering Interactions: Political Cultures and the Emergence of the State in Europe 1300 – 19002011In: Zeitschrift für historische Forschung, ISSN 0340-0174, Vol. 38, no 1Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Tjällén, Biörn
    Stockholms universitet.
    Church and nation: The discourse on authority in Ericus Olai's Chronica regni Gothorum (c. 1471)2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Chronica regni Gothorum is the first Latin national history of Sweden. Completed after 1471 by a canon of Uppsala, Ericus Olai, it testifies to the articulation at the Swedish arch see of the dominant political issues of the day: the status of the Swedish realm in the union with Denmark-Norway, and the relations between the king, aristocracy and ecclesiastical leadership. This thesis analyses the discourse on authority in the Chronica. It investigates the normative basis of Ericus’s treatment of contemporary political issues as a source for the social-political outlooks of Sweden’s ecclesiastical power elite, a group not previously studied in this respect. In particular, it argues for the importance of two prescriptive assumptions on social order, which lie at the heart of the authority discourse in the Chronica: God divided the world into self-governing peoples and realms, and He instituted the lay and clerical orders as parallel hierarchies of societal authority. The thesis situates the production of the Chronica within the educational concerns of the Uppsala institution. It scrutinizes the commonplaces – derived from various fields of knowledge – through which Ericus articulated his dualist and nationalist assumptions. The realization of these notions in his historical account is examined in sections of the text where matters of importance for the Uppsala church are evident. Special attention is paid to Ericus’s account of the royal martyr, St Erik, the so-called Engelbrekt rebellion, and the contemporary strife between the Uppsala church and the kings. The thesis ends with a study of the reception of the Chronica in the 1520s, a time when the Reformation and the consolidation of a strong national monarchy in Sweden brought the authority issues addressed by Ericus to conclusion.

  • 5.
    Tjällén, Biörn
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities.
    Ericus Olai som historiker: replik till Andrej Scheglov2016In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 136, no 4, p. 679-689Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Tjällén, Biörn
    Stockholms universitet.
    Finnen, svensken och Irlands uppror2016In: Svenska DagbladetArticle, book review (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Tjällén, Biörn
    Stockholms universitet.
    Induced by the devil?: Christian I and the privilegium canonis2014In: Constitutionalism before 1789 : Constitutional arrangements from the High Middle Ages to the French revolution / [ed] Jørn Øyrehagen Sunde, Oslo: Pax Forlag , 2014Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Tjällén, Biörn
    Stockholms universitet.
    John Barbour's scholastic discourse on thraldom2015In: Barbour's Bruce and its cultural context : politics, chivalry and literature in late medieval Scotland / [ed] Steve Boardman, Susan Foran, Cambridge: Boydell & Brewer , 2015, p. 149-162Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Tjällén, Biörn
    Stockholms universitet.
    John Watts, The Making of Polities: Europe 1250—15002011In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 1Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Tjällén, Biörn
    Stockholms universitet.
    Kungens biktfader – andlig vägledning och politisk rådgivning vid senmedeltidens hov2012In: Kyrkohistorisk årsskrift, ISSN 0085-2619, Vol. 112, p. 49-59Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Royal Confessor: Pastoral care and Political counsel at the Late Medieval Swedish Court Authors of medieval political thought were more concerned with the personal qualities of the prince than with political institutions. They wrote more about his virtues than about his role in parlia- ment. This article examines the sacrament of penance as one of the didactic means by which such norms were communicated to the prince. The royal confessor was the crucial link in this transfer, and this article traces his appearance at the late medieval Swedish court and also discusses the confessional manuals that were produced to help him interrogate his royal confessant. The Swedish court is relatively unexplored as a locus of devotion and little is known about its clerical personnel. This article presents the appearance of the papally-sanctioned royal confessor, in the reign of Magnus Eriksson in 1347, and offers a brief discussion of the careers of a number of later incumbents of this office, suggesting that the post of royal confessor was a likely path to a bishopric. The main part of the article is a scrutiny of manuals for confessors and penitents, which elucidates the political norms communicated through the pastoral care of the confessors. At the centre of this discussion is a Swedish instruction for royal devotion – Fjorton råd om et gudelikt leverne (c.1457), compiled by the Vadstena abbess, Ingeborg Gerhardsotter, for King Christian I – and a popular Latin manual for confessors that included a specific interrogatory for temporal lords, the Defecerunt of St Antoninus of Florence (print 1499). What, according to these texts, were the particular spiritual dangers of holding power? And did the confessor examine the policies of the king? The Defecerunt provides didactic examples that demonstrate how princes sin in their exercise of central governmental concerns, such as jurisdic- tion, warfare, relations to the church, taxation and usurpation. Ideally, if administered in accordance with the advice in the Defecerunt and similar manuals, the sacrament of penance would not only benefit the spiritual wellbeing of the king, but also instill a set of constitutional standards. 

  • 11.
    Tjällén, Biörn
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities.
    "Lappkvinnan Margareta": Birgitinsk mystik och kyrkoreform i den senmedeltida omvändelsen av Sápmi2018In: Kvinnor och andlighet i norr: Historiska och litterära perspektiv / [ed] Daniel Lindmark, Jan Samuelsson, Skellefteå: Artos & Norma bokförlag, 2018, p. 27-50Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Tjällén, Biörn
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities.
    Mod, militärpsykologi, militärsociologi och krigsetik i en medeltida furstespegel2017In: Mod i strid och filosofi: Dygdetiska perspektiv från Aristoteles till drönarkriget / [ed] Biörn Tjällén & Peter Haldén, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2017, p. 43-59Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Tjällén, Biörn
    Stockholms universitet.
    Political thought and political myth in late medieval national histories: Rodrigo Sánchez de Arévalo (†1470)2013In: The medieval chronicle, Vol. VIII, p. 273-288Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Tjällén, Biörn
    Stockholms universitet.
    Selling and rejecting politics with history: Historiography in defence of dualism and monarchy in late medieval and reformation Sweden2007In: Selling and rejecting politics in early modern Europe, Peeters: Leuven , 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Tjällén, Biörn
    Stockholms universitet.
    Svenska historiens pionjär: Ericus Olai2009In: Svenska historiker : Från medeltid till våra dagar, Stockholm: Norstedts Förlag , 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Tjällén, Biörn
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities.
    Teaching virtue through the law: Justice and royal authority in Giles of Rome’s De regimine principum (c.1280)2018In: Virtue Ethics and Education from Late Antiquity to the Eighteenth Century / [ed] Andreas Hellerstedt, Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Tjällén, Biörn
    Stockholms universitet.
    "The Spiritual and Temporal Office of the King": Confessional Anxieties in the Seventeenth-Century Editions of the Chronica regni Gothorum2008In: Hortvs troporvm : florilegivm in honorem Gvnillae Iversen : Festschrift in honour of Professor Gunilla Iversen on the occasion of her retirement as Chair of Latin at Stockholm University / [ed] Erika Kihlman & Alexander André, Stockholm: Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis , 2008, p. 315-323Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Tjällén, Biörn
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities.
    Zion in the North: History, Hagiography and Heilsgeschichte in the First Chronicle of Sweden2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ericus Olai (d.1486) is best known as the author of the Chronica regni Gothorum, the first history of the Swedish realm. But he was also a liturgical poet and a theologian; Ericus wrote the versified office for the feast of the Swedish patron saints and he taught at Uppsala University, at the cathedral where he was a lifelong member of the chapter.

     

    The compilation of the Chronica was a unique achievement among the Swedish late medieval clergy. Yet, to some extent, it can be understood as a product of more ordinary clerical concerns with liturgy, theology and education. Ericus introduced his Swedish story with reference to its place within the overarching progress of salvation, and to the importance in this divine plan of a twofold government of kings and bishops ruling from Uppsala. But there is another important point where Ericus’s historiographical and liturgical interests overlapped, which this paper explores: namely his use of the hagiographical traditions of the Uppsala cathedral in the writing of his history of the realm. 

     

    Among the materials at hand for compiling a Swedish history were the native saints’  Lives. These texts were particularly useful in Ericus’s attempt to turn his vision of history into a solid, source-based account. The lives of the saints contained important information about the early history of the realm and its rulers, but they were also imbued with the notion of sacred history that informs the Chronica’s prologue. This paper asks how Ericus used the hagiographical traditions of Uppsala to compile his history of the realm, and examine the thematic correspondences that exist between his own liturgical poetry and the Chronica. The analysis will focus on his account of two contemporary saints, St King Erik and St Bishop Henrik, a paradigmatic example of the twofold rule of monarchs and bishops in Uppsala.

1 - 18 of 18
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