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  • 1. Axelson, Lennart
    et al.
    Malmberg, Åke
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Expertsystem: En förstudie och en prototyp1991Report (Other scientific)
  • 2. Fagrell, U
    et al.
    Eriksson, P
    Karlsson, J
    Malmberg, Åke
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Vinterväghållning: Test av kunskapssystem. VVEXP1992Report (Other scientific)
  • 3. Gustafsson, Alf
    et al.
    Malmberg, Åke
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Kunskapssystem för vinterväghållning: Rapport fälttest vintern 1993-941994Report (Other scientific)
  • 4.
    Malmberg, Åke
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    10th International Conference on Computing and Information ICCI '2000, Vol nn, pp. xxx-yyy, Al Kuwait, Kuwait, nov. ICCI, Springer-Verlag.2000Conference paper (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Knowledge acquisition involving several experts in different time and different places is difficult to perform with old technologies. Internet, Virtual Spaces and 3-D Graphics offer new methods and technologies for the knowledge acquisition process. The knowledge is in this approach represented by an artefact in the virtual space and the incremental growth of knowledge is visualised by the artefact growing during the process. Our work differs from other approaches in that the experts may move, meet and communicate inside the artefact. Beyond the visualised artefact, hidden from the domain experts, is a notation, based on SGML, describing the artefact at some level of granularity. We implement different views of the artefact and discuss how they may contribute to knowledge acquisition.

  • 5.
    Malmberg, Åke
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Distributed knowledge acquisition using virtual spaces2000In: Proceedings of IASTED International Conference Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing, Banff, Canada jul. 2000, Calgary: IASTED Acta press , 2000, p. 441-445Conference paper (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Knowledge acquisition involving several experts in different time and different places is difficult to perform with old technologies. Internet, Virtual Spaces and 3-D Graphics offer new methods and technologies for knowledge acquisition. In our approach we regard the organisational memory as an artefact in a virtual space on internet. Evolution of knowledge is visualised by refinement of the artefact in the virtual space. Beyond the visualised artefact, hidden from the domain experts, is a notation, based on SGML, describing the artefact at some level of granularity. The SGML-based notation is in our implementation visualised as a building. Our work differs from other approaches in that the experts may move, meet and communicate inside the knowledge repository. Due to constraints of equipment, network and virtual spaces software of today we propose and implement an intermediate architecture (KAVS) to study aspects of knowledge acquisition in a distributed environment.

  • 6.
    Malmberg, Åke
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Expert System in Winter Road Maintenance: An Investigation and a Prototype1992In: Proceedings from OECD Workshop on Knowledge-based Expert Systems in Transportation, Montreal, Canada; June 15 - 17, 1992: Vol. 1, 1992, p. 79-91Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 7.
    Malmberg, Åke
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Genomgång av forskningsläget rörande sensorer för att mäta snödjup2007Other (Other scientific)
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppdrag från företag. Resultatet är konfidentiellt.

  • 8.
    Malmberg, Åke
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Notations supporting knowledge acquisition from multiple sources2002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Today many organizations are geographically distributed, and the number of international organizations is increasing. Managing knowledge in a distributed organization may include a knowledge repository. An important aspect of a knowledge repository is the responsibility of maintaining the repository, to ensure that the repository is accessible and up-to-date for all users. Our research question is how to acquire knowledge from multiple sources in distributed organizations. We focus on notations used in knowledge acquisition from multiple sources in distributed organizations. We present two notations that support knowledge acquisition in distributed organizations and evaluate them in two field experiments. The first notation, SGN, was not filtered but visible to the domain experts, whereas the second notation, XML, was filtered but not visible to the domain experts. The knowledge represented by the unfiltered notation was used in the design and implementation of an experimental knowledge-based system executing in a distributed environment. The results indicate that the unfiltered notation selected was understandable, and was a good notation as a draft modeling language in the distributed knowledge acquisition process. The knowledge-based system was evaluated in field experiments during two winter seasons and the results indicate that actions proposed by the system were the same as actions taken by experts in about 50 % of the cases. The filtered notation was presented to the domain experts using a building as a metaphor for the knowledge repository. The virtual building was a peer-to-peer design, using an Intranet to communicate. By joining the building community, domain experts can share their knowledge and are able to communicate with other domain experts in the same room using modalities as audio and video. A difference in our approach compared with earlier work is that the domain experts were able to move inside the knowledge repository. The results indicate that acquiring knowledge, without an intermediary knowledge engineer, from multiple sources to a knowledge repository is facilitated by using the building metaphor. The results also indicate that the building metaphor increases the domain experts´ motivation to contribute to the knowledge repository on a regular basis.

  • 9.
    Malmberg, Åke
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Systemic Grammar Network as a knowledge representation language1993Report (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    The Systemic Grammar Network notation is a non-formal knowledge representation language. We define a variant of the System Grammar Network notation and use this notation as a draft modelling language in the knowledge acquisition process of the VVEXP project. VVEXP is a prototype of a knowledge based system that predicts slipperiness on the roads. VVEXP has access to a real time database that contains recordings from more than five hundred field stations. One recording typically contains temperatures of air and road surface, wind speed and direction, dew point and precipitation. We use the METAMETH methodology, focus on the knowledge acquisition process and discuss our choice of draft modelling language. Other draft modelling languages that might be used in METAMETH are compared to Systemic Grammar Network. We conclude that Systemic Grammar Network was a good draft modelling language to represent the specific kind of domain knowledge characteristic of the VVEXP project.

  • 10.
    Malmberg, Åke
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Gustafsson, Alf
    An Expert System Predicting Road Slipperiness1994In: Proceedings of 7th International Road Weather Conference (SIRWEC), Seefeld, Austria, mar 21-22,1994, 1994, p. 135-147Conference paper (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    VVEXP is a prototype of a knowledge based system in winter road maintenance. VVEXP has access to a real time database that contains recordings from about six hundred field stations. One recording typically contains temperatures of air and road surface, wind speed and direction, dew point and precipitation. The recordings are presented to the local road districts. Interpretation of these recordings demands knowledge of the information system, meteorology and road maintenance. Chemical and/or mechanical utilities are used to avoid road slipperiness. If the slipperiness can be predicted the amount of chemicals used can be significantly reduced . To support decision making, a prototype of an expert system was developed. Two local road districts were assigned to the project. Field studies in the two districts and in-depth interviews with experts were accomplished in the winter of 1990/91. The knowledge of prediction of slipperiness and steps to prevent slipperiness was elicited. Systemic Grammar Network is the representation scheme used in the knowledge acquisition process to formalize the knowledge.

  • 11.
    Malmberg, Åke
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Gustafsson, Alf
    An expert system predicting road slipperiness1994Report (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Malmberg, Åke
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Zhang, Tingting
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Intelligent agents for information retreival in internet1997In: Artificial intelligence and soft computing : proceedings of the IASTED international conference, Banff, Canada, July 27 to August 1, 1997, Anaheim, Calif.: IASTED/ACTA Press , 1997, p. 327-330Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Building intelligent software agents using traditional knowledge acquisition methods is difficult because of the dynamic properties of Internet. Knowledge about Internet can be divided in two levels. The first level is knowledge about tools and methods for searching information in Internet. The second level is knowledge about information in Internet (meta level). We focus on the meta level. Our approach is to identify knowledge sources in Internet. The knowledge may be implemented in a software agent and the planning can be improved by combining the knowledge from several intelligent software agents.

  • 13. Wennersten, R.
    et al.
    Malmberg, Åke
    Högskolan i Östersund.
    Riskanalyser: Företagshjärnan gör processen säkrare1989In: Kemisk Tidskrift, ISSN 1650-0733, Vol. 7Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 14. Wennersten, Roland
    et al.
    Malmberg, Åke
    Högskolan i Östersund.
    Företagshjärnan gör processen säkrare: Expertsystem. Riskanalyser1989In: Kemisk tidskrift, ISSN 0039-6605, no 6, p. 51-53Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Not available

  • 15.
    Zhenyan, Ji
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Malmberg, Åke
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Spontaneous Agent Networking2005In: Proceedings of SEKE'2005, Taipei, 2005, , p. 57-61p. 57-61Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To integrate agents and wireless mobile computing devices, this paper proposes a framework, spontaneous agent networking. In the paper, we give the definition of spontaneous agent networking. With this framework, customers could utilize their wireless mobile computing devices to locate agents, which they need, easily and utilize them without manual intervention. The architecture of the framework is described in detail. The key idea of the framework is that agents advertise their existence and capabilities in directory servers. To decrease communication traffic, directory servers are organized into layers. The contents and format of registered information are important because they will decide if customers could find appropriate agents exactly and easily. The design of registered information is given in the paper. The paper also points out the advantages of the framework. At the end of paper, we discuss the implementation of the framework briefly.

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