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  • 1.
    Borell, Klas
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hultman, Barbro
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Lindmark, Dag
    Experience sampling method: att studera social handlande in situ1995Report (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Hultman, Barbro
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Self-rated quality of life among unemployed people and people in work in northern Sweden2007Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Self-assessed quality of life (QoL) is analysed using a QoL questionnaire (Hörnquist’s QLcs)covering the life spheres: somatic health, mental well-being, cognitive ability, social and family life,activity, financial situation, meaning in life and a global score for ‘entire life’. In all, 487unemployed and 2917 employed subjects aged 25-64; and 651 unemployed subjects and 2802 inwork (including employment, studying and military service) in the 18-24 age group, wereinvestigated in a population-based cross-sectional study on life and health in northern Sweden in1997.In line with previous findings, results showed that unemployed people exhibited poorer QoL. Thegreatest difference between unemployed people and those in work was in the financial domain (18-24, 25-64). Unemployed women (aged 25-64) rated the final values of QoL – ‘entire life’ andmeaning in life – higher than unemployed men did. In the young group (aged 18-24), unemployedwomen did not rate any of the domains higher. The young unemployed men rated somatic health andmental well-being higher. Interaction effects were interpreted in the following way: a) unemployedmen (aged 25-64) were worst off in the global domain ‘entire life’; b) employed respondents, havinga university/college education was beneficial for QoL, while for unemployed respondents (25-64) itwas not; c) in the young group (aged 18-24), people in work rated their activity higher thanunemployed people, and the effect was strengthened when they were regularly active during leisure.Close friends and cash reserve were important for all participants, no matter whether they wereemployed or not. The risk of being young and unemployed was greater if the person had a shortereducation, worse economy (according to their own ratings) and was in the upper half of the agegroup (aged 21-24). Finally, the conclusion that QoL is poorer when in unemployment – both for theyoung and those who are older (aged 25-64) – is in line with earlier findings; however, in contrast tothree previous studies, we conclude that psychological well-being is even poorer for young peoplethan for those who are older.Intervention, in terms of steadily improved labour market conditions to counteract the negativeeffects of exclusion from the labour market, is of great importance from a public health perspective.

  • 3.
    Hultman, Barbro
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Hemlin, S
    Self-Rated Quality of Life among the Young Unemployed and the Young in Work in Northern Sweden2008In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 30, no 4, p. 461-472Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analysed self-assessed quality of life (QoL), using a QoL questionnaire (Hörnquist's QLcs) covering life spheres, somatic health, mental well-being, cognitive ability, social and family life, activity, financial situation, meaning in life and a global score "entire life", for young people aged 18-24 in a population-based cross-sectional study in northern Sweden. Of these, 651 were unemployed and 2802 were in work (employed, students and in military service). Results showed that the young unemployed exhibited poorer QoL than the young in work and the greatest difference was found regarding their financial situation. Young men rated somatic health and mental well-being higher than young women. However, QoL in other essential domains was rated higher by young women in work. Close friends and money reserve were important for all participants, no matter whether they were employed or not. The risk of being young and unemployed was greater if the person had a worse financial situation, shorter education, and fewer leisure activities with other people. Finally, it was concluded that while QoL is poorer when in unemployment - both for the young and those who are older (aged 25-64) - psychological well-being, in contrast to several previous studies, is even poorer for young people than for those who are older. This is worrying in a public health perspective and could have implications for unemployment policies for younger and less well-educated age groups.

  • 4.
    Hultman, Barbro
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Hemlin, Sven
    Centre for Research Ethics, The Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Göteborg.
    Hörnquist, Jan Olof
    Department for Health Sciences, University of Örebro, Örebro.
    Quality of life among unemployed and employed people in northern Sweden: Are there any differences?2006In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 47-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analysed self-assessed quality of life (QoL), using a QoL questionnaire (Hörnquist's QLcs) covering the life spheres, somatic health, mental well-being, cognitive ability, social and family life, activity, financial situation, meaning in life and a global score "entire life", in 487 unemployed subjects and 2917 employed subjects aged 25-64, in a population-based cross-sectional study in northern Sweden. In line with previous findings, results showed that unemployed people exhibited poorer QoL. Unemployed women scored higher in existential life domains than unemployed men did. Unemployed men were worst off in terms of general life situation. Employed respondents benefited in QoL by a university/college education, while unemployed respondents with a university/college education did not. Close social relations and money reserve were associated with higher QoL generally. It was concluded that further research is needed to differentiate various aspects of QoL and unemployment, and to compare with other samples.

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