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  • 1.
    Andersson, Kerstin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Lignin in wastewater generated by mechalical pulping: Chemical characterisation and removal by adsorption2010Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Andersson, Kerstin I
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Eriksson, Marie
    SCA R&D Ctr, SE-85121 Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Norgren, Magnus
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Removal of Lignin from Wastewater Generated by Mechanical Pulping Using Activated Charcoal and Fly Ash: Adsorption Isotherms and Thermodynamics2011In: Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, ISSN 0888-5885, E-ISSN 1520-5045, Vol. 50, no 13, p. 7722-7732Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Lignin-related material found in wastewater from thermomechanical pulping resists conventional biological treatment, entailing the use of advanced removal methods. In this work, the use of adsorption for removing lignin-related material was investigated. Activated charcoal and fly ash were used to study the adsorption behavior of lignin and to determine the adsorption capacities of these two adsorbents. Experimental data were fitted to various isotherm equations to find the best description of the sorption systems, and the corresponding thermodynamic parameters were calculated. Fly ash exhibited good sorption properties, although its sorption capacity was inferior to that of activated charcoal. Both the Freundlich and Langmuir equations provided reasonable models of the sorption processes, and the thermodynamic parameters indicated that sorption onto activated charcoal is endothermic, whereas sorption onto fly ash appears to be exothermic. Fly ash is a low-cost material that is often available on-site and offers an interesting alternative to high-cost advanced wastewater treatment systems for removing recalcitrant organic materials.

  • 3.
    Andersson, Kerstin I.
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Eriksson, Marie
    SCA R&D Ctr, SE-85121 Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Norgren, Magnus
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Removal of Lignin from Wastewater Generated by Mechanical Pulping Using Activated Charcoal and Fly Ash: Adsorption Kinetics2011In: Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, ISSN 0888-5885, E-ISSN 1520-5045, Vol. 50, no 13, p. 7733-7739Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The possible application of adsorption for the removal of lignin-related material found in wastewater generated by mechanical pulping was investigated. Activated charcoal and fly ash were used as adsorbents in batch experiments. The lignin-related material exhibited properties well-suited for adsorption onto both adsorbents, although the sorption capacity of activated charcoal exceeds that of fly ash. The experimental data were fitted to pseudo-first- and pseudo-second-order rate kinetic expressions, and an attempt was made to find the rate-limiting step involved in the adsorption processes. The results showed that lignin adsorption onto both activated charcoal and fly ash follows pseudo-second-order rate kinetics and that both boundary-layer diffusion and intraparticle diffusion are likely involved in the rate-limiting mechanisms. Adsorption is an interesting option in advanced wastewater treatment, and fly ash appears to be a suitable low-cost adsorbent for recalcitrant organic pollutants.

  • 4.
    Andersson, Kerstin I
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Norgren, Magnus
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Eriksson, Magnus
    SCA R and D Centre, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Lignin removal from wastewater by adsorption2009In: Proceedings - 2009 International Mechanical Pulping Conference, IMPC 2009, 2009, p. 280-285Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Lignin contributes to residual COD in wastewater after biological treatment. Available methods for removal of recalcitrant material like lignin, e.g. chemical oxidation and coagulation, are associated with heavy operational expenses. Stringent discharge requirements demand new cost-effective methods for removal of recalcitrant COD. Adsorption is an important mechanism for lignin removal in biological wastewater treatment. A study of lignin, using activated carbon as a model adsorbent, was performed to learn more about the adsorption behaviour of lignin. At the adsorbent dose 4 g/L and an initial lignin concentration of 0.5 g/L, 77% of the lignin was removed after six hours. The adsorption kinetics was found to follow the pseudo second-order rate expression and no temperature dependency could be observed in the temperature range studied.

     

     

  • 5.
    Andersson, Kerstin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Pranovich, Andrey
    Norgren, Magnus
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
    Eriksson, Marie
    Holmbom, Bjarne
    Effects of biological treatment on the chemical structure of dissolved lignin-related substances in effluent from thermomechanical pulping2008In: Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, ISSN 0283-2631, E-ISSN 2000-0669, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 164-171Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Effluent from a TMP-based pulp and paper mill was collected at the inlet and outlet of the mill's biological treatment plant and fractionated by sorption on XAD-8 resin and MTBE precipitation. Fractionation indicated that the refractory dissolved organic material in biologically treated effluent was mainly composed of lignin-related substances. Characterisation of the lignin-related substances by chromatographic and spectrometric methods confirmed the similarities of the isolated material and milled wood lignin. Fractionation and characterisation of alkali-extracted material from solids (biosludge) in biologically treated effluent found evidence of lignin-related material. Results indicated that biological treatment had altered the chemical structure and molar-mass distribution of dissolved lignin-related substances.

  • 6.
    Norgren, Magnus
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of applied science and design.
    Andersson, Kerstin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of applied science and design.
    Eriksson, Marie
    SCA R&D Centre, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Lignin Removal by Adsorption to Fly Ash in Wastewater Generated by Mechanical Pulping2012In: Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, ISSN 0888-5885, E-ISSN 1520-5045, Vol. 51, no 8, p. 3444-3451Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Stringent discharge requirements call for advanced methods of wastewater treatment to take on where biological treatment fails to succeed. Here, the adsorption potential of fly ash, an on-site available and cheap material, was tested in batch and continuous flow fixed bed experiments using bleaching effluent from an integrated mill producing mechanical pulp. Various models were fitted to the experimental data to find the best description of the adsorption system and to obtain important model parameters: the Freundlich model yielded the highest correlation and indicated that the process was favorable. The bed depth service time model suggested that the adsorption in the column setup involved more than one rate limiting step, and the Thomas and Clark models generated similar curves which satisfactorily described adsorption at short bed depth. The fly ash showed good adsorptive properties of wood derived substances: both lignin and extractives were effectively separated from the effluent.

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