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  • 1.
    Champoux-Larsson, Marie-France
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology and Social Work.
    Dylman, Alexandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology and Social Work.
    Örnkloo, Helena
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology and Social Work.
    Esteves, Francisco
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology and Social Work.
    Identification of facial expressions of emotion by 4-year-old children from different linguistic environments2019In: International Journal of Bilingualism, ISSN 1367-0069, E-ISSN 1756-6878, Vol. 23, no 5, p. 1208-1219Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The current study investigated the identification of facial expressions of emotion, a socio-emotional task that has not previously been examined in children from different linguistic environments. Eighty-four 4-year-olds growing up in one of three linguistic environments (monolingual, dominant bilingual, balanced bilingual) performed a task where they identified facial expressions (happiness, anger, sadness, fear). Accuracy was analysed with a mixed-design analysis of variance using group (monolinguals, dominant bilinguals and balanced bilinguals) and emotion (happy, angry, sad and scared) as between- and within-group variables, respectively. Our results showed a main effect of emotion, but there was no main effect of group. This suggests that 4-year-olds’ linguistic environment does not affect performance on an identification of facial expressions task. This study was the first to investigate the identification of facial expressions of emotion in children coming from different linguistic environments. As the socio-emotional development of bilinguals is not yet well understood, especially regarding the visual perception of emotions, this study is amongst the first to contribute to this area of research. Our results are therefore of significance as a building block for additional studies that should explore the visual perception of emotions in other types of tasks and populations.

  • 2.
    Champoux-Larsson, Marie-France
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Dylman, Alexandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Örnkloo, Helena
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Esteves, Francisco Gomes
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Identification of Facial Expressions of Emotion in Balanced and Unbalanced 4-year-old Bilinguals2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Hreinsdottir, J.
    et al.
    Department of Neuroscience/Ophthalmology, University Hospital, Uppsala 75895, Sweden .
    Ewald, U.
    Department of Womens and Childrens Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden .
    Strand Brodd, K.
    Department of Womens and Childrens Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden .
    Örnkloo, Helena
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Von Hofsten, C.
    Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Holmström, G.
    Department of Neuroscience/Ophthalmology, University Hospital, Uppsala 75895, Sweden .
    Ophthalmological outcome and visuospatial ability in very preterm children measured at 2.5 years corrected age2013In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 102, no 12, p. 1144-1149Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim To investigate the ophthalmological outcome of very preterm children at 2.5 years corrected age (CA) and perform a test of visuospatial and cognitive abilities. Methods A population-based, prospective study (LOVIS study) in Uppsala County, Sweden, comprised 111 very preterm children (<32 w gestational age [GA]) born between 1 January 2004 and 31 December 2007. Ophthalmic evaluations were undertaken in 98/109 children (89.9%) alive at 2.5 years. Spatial cognition was investigated with a test of five alternative blocks in 48 preterm and 25 term-born children. Results Visual impairment, strabismus or refractive errors, were found in 12% of the children. None of the children were blind in both eyes. Logistic regression analyses revealed significant associations between strabismus and periventricular leucomalacia/ intraventricular haemorrhage (OR 9.6, p = 0.025) and between refractive errors and severe retinopathy of prematurity (OR 9.8, p = 0.011) and GA (OR 0.763, p = 0.034). Oval and rectangular blocks were significantly more difficult to insert into a box for preterm than full-term children (p = 0.048 and 0.013, respectively). There was a significant correlation between total scores for the five blocks and GA at birth (p = 0.035). Conclusion Eye and visual problems were found in 12% of the preterm children at 30 months CA. Preterm children had difficulties with blocks of complex shapes. ©2013 Foundation Acta Pædiatrica. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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