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  • 1.
    Björk, Annette
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Rönngren, Ylva
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Selander, John
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Hellzen, Ove
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Perspectives on Everyday Suffering among People with Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Concurrent Mental Disorders2017In: Open Journal of Nursing, ISSN 2162-5336, E-ISSN 2162-5344, Vol. 7, p. 583-598Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe the perceptions of everyday suffering among adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and comorbid mental disease. Directed content analysis guided by Eriksson’s theory on human suffering was performed on data from 20 individual interviews. Expressions of both suffering and well-being were identified; the former centred on loneliness and related to life, illness, and care, which supported Eriksson’s theory, whereas expressions of well-being related to ADHD diagnosis and supportive social relationships. Nevertheless, results indicate the need to expand those expressions in order to better contribute to developing a supportive rehabilitation regimen that can provide more interpersonal care.

  • 2.
    Björk, Annette
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Rönngren, Ylva
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Selander, John
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Hellzén, Ove
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Olofsson, Niclas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. County Council of Västernorrland, Sundsvall.
    Health, lifestyle habits, and physical fitness among adults with ADHD compared with a random sample of a Swedish general population2018In: Society, health and vulnerability, E-ISSN 2002-1518, Vol. 9, no 1, article id UNSP 1553916Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Persons with Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) represent a high-risk population according to health and lifestyles. In the present study, 48 adults with ADHD were recruited to a forthcoming lifestyle intervention. The ADHD sample was matched to a random sample of 42 persons from a Swedish general population that was selected from LIV (a Lifestyle-Performance-Health project).

    Objective: To identify potential differences in health, lifestyle habits, and physical fitness between adults with and without ADHD.

    Method: Self-reported questionnaires and physical fitness tests.

    Results: The ADHD group show worse health outcomes with higher odds ratios for bad general health (OR;13 CI; (3,4–50)), and poorer lifestyle habits with higher odds ratios for low weekly exercise (OR; 3,8 CI; (1,2–13)). When adjusting for education, employment status, and cash margin, the ADHD sample did not show decreased aerobic fitness (OR; 0,9 CI; (0,8–1,0), but lower odds ratios for doing less sit-ups (OR; 0,6 CI; (0,4–0,9)) compared to the general population group.

    Conclusion: It is not possible to prove that the ADHD diagnosis itself cause the worse health and lifestyle. Other lifestyle factors may have negative consequences of adult ADHD, such as lower levels of education, less succeed in working life, and minor financial margins.

  • 3.
    Kristiansen, Lisbeth
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Björk, Annette
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Kock, Viveka Broman
    Cty & Publ Hosp, Sundsvall, Sweden .
    Nilsson, Annika
    Public Nursing Home and Primary Health Care, Sweden.
    Rönngren, Ylva
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Smedberg, Agneta
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Trillo, Åsa
    County and Public Hospital, Sundsvall and Härnösand, Sweden.
    Urinary incontinence and newly invented pad technique: patients', close relatives' and nursing staff's experiences and beliefs2011In: International Journal of Urological Nursing, ISSN 1749-7701, E-ISSN 1749-771X, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 21-30Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Urinary incontinence (UI) is a major public health issue and considered to be undertreated, costly and often lead to suffering for patients. Close relatives involved in caring for sufferers describe UI as a complicated problem. For older patients, close relatives and staff, it is important with high absorption UI pads in order to have an undisturbed nightly rest and to prevent bedsores. The aim was twofold: to understand older persons', close relatives' and nursing staff's views and experiences of UI, and their experience of using a particular UI pad system with an alarm. A qualitative design with individual and focus-group interviews was used to describe 6 patients', 14 close relatives' and 22 staff's experience of UI. These were analysed by using qualitative manifest analysis. The findings were divided into four categories. The patients expressed that they, due to UI, regarded themselves as burdens to others. The patients, the relatives and some staff experienced UI as a natural consequence of ageing. The UI pad system appeared to be a functional incontinence aid during the night, but more research is needed to develop the product and to find new fields of applications. From all perspectives, it appears that nursing cannot be replaced by technology, though the UI pad system can be a very useful complement in UI nursing care. Complementary use of the UI pad system might lead to a more economically effective and safe use of the existing nursing resources.

  • 4.
    Rönngren, Ylva
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Björk, Annette
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Audulv, Åsa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Enmarker, Ingela
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences. Högskolan i Gävle; Center for Care Research, Steinkjer, Norway.
    Kristiansen, Lisbeth
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Haage, David
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Educational nurse-led lifestyle intervention for persons with mental illness.2018In: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 1445-8330, E-ISSN 1447-0349, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 1022-1031Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although persons with severe mental illness face an increased risk of mortality and of developing negative health outcomes, research has shown that lifestyle interventions can sufficiently support their health. In response, this study examined a nurse-led lifestyle intervention developed in cooperation with members of municipal and county councils to gauge its impact on the quality of life, cognitive performance, walking capacity, and body composition of persons with severe mental illness. Lasting 26 weeks and involving 38 persons with severe mental illness, the intervention prioritised two components: the interpersonal relationships of persons with severe mental illness, staff, and group leaders and group education about physical and mental health. Pre-post intervention measurements of quality of life collected with the Manchester Short Assessment of Quality of Life, cognitive performance with the Frontal Systems Behaviour Scale, walking capacity with a 6-min walk test, and body composition in terms of waist circumference and body mass index were analysed using a nonparametric test Wilcoxon signed-rank test. Results suggest that the intervention afforded significant improvements in the health-related variables of quality of life, cognitive performance, walking capacity, and waist circumference for persons with severe mental illness. However, long-term studies with control groups and that examine parameters related to cardiovascular risk factors are essential to ensure the sustained impact of the intervention.

  • 5.
    Rönngren, Ylva
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Björk, Annette
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Haage, David
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Audulv, Åsa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Kristiansen, Lisbeth
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Perspectives of a tailored lifestyle program for people with severe mental illness receiving housing support2018In: Perspectives in psychiatric care, ISSN 0031-5990, E-ISSN 1744-6163, Vol. 54, no 2, p. 309-316Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of the present study was to describe the acceptability of the lifestyle program PHYS/CAT and to get information about the tools used for assessment of functional exercise capacity, cognitive performance, and self-health-related quality of life.

    Design and Methods

    The findings are based on focus groups and the researchers’ experiences of conducting the program as well as using the assessment tools.

    Findings

    The acceptability of the program and the assessment tools was mainly satisfactory.

    Practice Implications

    The program with relational, educational, and supportive dimensions may be a promising tool to be integrated into daily nursing care.

  • 6.
    Rönngren, Ylva
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Björk, Annette
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Haage, David
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Kristiansen, Lisbeth
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    LIFEHOPE.EU – Lifestyle & Healthy Outcome in Physical Education: Development of a lifestyle intervention program for people with severe mental illness: Physical activity, dietary changes, and cognitive adaptation training2014In: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 1351-0126, E-ISSN 1365-2850, Vol. 21, no 10, p. 924-930Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    People with severe mental illness (SMIs) are more prone to physicalillnesses, increased mortality and cognitive impairments, all of whichnegatively influence their daily lives. Physical activity (PHYS)programmes have helped alleviate SMI. LIFEHOPE is an ongoing researchproject with the purpose of developing a sustainable lifestyleintervention for physical and mental health. PHYS/cognitive adaptationtraining (CAT) is a newly created lifestyle intervention that providesgroup education and is based on CAT. It provides individualized supportfor PHYS and dietary change in a natural nursing environment. The aim ofthis study was to obtain further knowledge for developing a sustainablelifestyle programme by exploring psychiatric clients' experiences withPHYS and lifestyle habits, which we did by interviewing a localreference group, community mental healthcare users and community mentalhealthcare workers. Then, we developed a lifestyle programme for peoplewith SMI using information obtained from these focus group interviews.Our results suggest that there is a need for support and education, aswell as active interventions, in carrying out PHYS and dietary changesamong people with SMIs, and the PHYS/CAT may be a useful strategy.

  • 7.
    Rönngren, Ylva
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Björk, Annette
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Kristiansen, Lisbeth
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Haage, David
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Enmarker, Ingela
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences. Univ Gävle; Mid Norway, Steinkjer, Norway.
    Audulv, Åsa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Meeting the needs? Perceived support of a nurse-led lifestyle programme for young adults with mental illness in a primary health-care setting2018In: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 1445-8330, E-ISSN 1447-0349, Vol. 27, no 1, p. 390-399Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Being a young adult with mental illness challenges all aspects of health, including an increased risk for developing lifestyle-related diseases. There is a lack of lifestyle programmes in primary health care that target physical, mental, and social needs for young adults with mental illness. The aim of the present study was to describe the experiences of young adults with mental illness receiving support from a nurse-led lifestyle programme, and how this support was related to their life context, including challenges and coping strategies. Two focus groups and six individual interviews were performed with 13 young adults (16–25 years), and analysed using a qualitative content analysis. The findings showed that the young adults experienced challenges in their daily lives, including psychiatric symptoms, lack of social understanding, and loneliness. The study indicated that the programme could support lifestyle habits with its components of supportive interpersonal relationships, awareness of coping strategies, understanding of health and illness, and cognitive support (e.g. schedules and reminders). However, the programme could not meet everyone's needs for new social relationships or more comprehensive support. Even so, this nurse-led programme provides health information-management strategies that could easily be integrated in a primary health-care setting.

1 - 7 of 7
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