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  • 1.
    Kachlami, Habib
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Social ventures and regional development: important contributions unappreciated2014In: Social entrepreneurship: leveraging economic, political and cultural dimensions / [ed] A Lundström, C Zhou, Y von Friedrichs, E Sundin, Springer, 2014, p. 325-342Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Kachlami, Habib
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    The likely determinants of social entrepreneurship and policy implications2014In: Social entrepreneurship: leveraging economic, political and cultural dimensions / [ed] A Lundström, C Zhou, Y von Friedrichs, E Sundin, Springer, 2014, p. 293-307Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Kachlami, Habib M.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Regional Dynamism between Social and Commercial Ventures: An Empirical Study based on Swedish data2017In: International Journal of Social Economics, ISSN 0306-8293, E-ISSN 1758-6712, Vol. 44, no 9, p. 1122-1138Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to study the interaction between social and commercial ventures in a region. It achieves this objective through investigating the influence of social ventures' entry, exit and density on the entry rate of commercial ventures.

    Design/methodology/approach - Organizational ecology is applied for theoretical analysis and the feasible generalized least square method for empirical analysis.

    Findings - The study, in overall, finds a diffuse competition between the populations of social and commercial ventures. The results have revealed a negative influence of social ventures' entry and density on the entry rate of commercial ventures and a positive influence of the social ventures' exit on commercial ventures' entry rate in a region.

    Originality/value - The study is one of the few in its filed that empirically studies the interaction between social and commercial ventures and the first study, which investigates it in the context of Sweden. The previous two studies, however, have only examined either the influence of social ventures entry or social venture density on the entry rate of commercial ventures. This study, however, examines the influence of both of those factors plus the influence of social venture exit on commercial venture entry. The study is also unique regarding the large-scale database it uses including all the 290 municipalities all over Sweden 1990-2014.

  • 4.
    Kachlami, Habib M.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Social Entrepreneurship and Influence on Regional Firm Demography2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The central interest of this thesis is the emergence of social  ventures. In this regard, it investigates two types of questions: what regional factors influence the emergence of social  ventures? and what  types of interaction may emerge between the emergence of social  ventures and the demography (entry,  exit  and migration) of commercial ventures in a region? The thesis also aims to adopt a macro-oriented approach to studying the research questions.

    To  answer  those  questions, this  thesis  applies  both  theoretical  and empirical  analysis.  For the theoretical analysis, instead of a single theory it applies three middle-range theories: theory of organisational ecology, market failure theory, and the demand and supply theory of  entrepreneurship. The empirical analysis is based on two large-scale databases from  Sweden  and  the U.S. The Swedish database includes nonprofit social ventures and commercial ventures for the 1990-2014 period from all of the 290 municipalities across Sweden, while the database from U.S. includes 88 counties in the State of Ohio between 2003-2007.

    The answers to the research questions are presented in the form of six papers. Paper 1 provides an overall picture of the different possible functions of social ventures within communities and  their contributions to regional development. With this overall view, Papers 2 and 3 answer the  first  research question, that is the factors influencing the emergence of social ventures. Thus, while  Paper 2 provides a review of previous research, Paper 3 empirically examines some of  the  regional factors that may influence the emergence of social ventures in a region. The  results of Paper 3 revealed that factors such as gender, education, entrepreneurial role models, wealth, unemployment rate, age, and urbanisation positively influence the emergence rate of the of social venture in a region.

    Papers 4, 5 and 6 are dedicated to answering the second type of research question, in other  words the interaction between the emergence of  social ventures and the demography (entry, exit and migration) of commercial ventures. As such, Paper 4 studies how the emergence of social ventures is influenced by the entry and exit of commercial ventures, Paper 5 investigates how the emergence of social ventures influences the entry of commercial ixventures, and Paper 6 examines how the emergence of social ventures influences the migration of commercial  ventures. In summary, the results of these three papers reveal that while the emergence of social ventures negatively influences the commercial ventures inside a region, it has a positive  influence on the commercial ventures outside the region. Paper 6 further investigates the influence of the emergence of commercial ventures on the migration of commercial ventures.  The results show that while the emergence of social ventures attracts commercial ventures from outside into a region, the emergence of commercial ventures repels them from moving into the region.

  • 5.
    Kachlami, Habib M.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Social Venture Creation and the Influence of Commercial Ventures: An Empirical Study in Swedish Context2016In: Social Enterprise Journal, ISSN 1750-8614, E-ISSN 1750-8533, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 347-367Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The aim of this paper is to understand how social and commercial ventures interact with each other. It investigates how the entry, exit and prevalence of commercial ventures in a given region can influence the creation of social ventures.

    Design/methodology/approach

    Market failure theory has been used as a framework for analysing the interaction between social and commercial ventures. The results of the theoretical analysis were further empirically examined using a large-scale database covering all 290 municipalities in Sweden from 1990 to 2014 and applying the panel-corrected standard errors (PCSE) method.

    Findings

    The results of this study, in general, reveal a competition between social and commercial ventures. Its specific results, however, are related to influences that the entry, exit and prevalence of commercial ventures can have on the creation of social ventures. The study’s results reveal that while the entry and prevalence of commercial ventures in a region negatively influence the creation of social ventures, commercial ventures’ exits have a positive influence.

    Originality/value

    Within social entrepreneurship literature, this is the first study that empirically investigates the influence of commercial ventures’ entry and exit on social venture creation and the second study to investigate the influence of commercial ventures’ prevalence on social venture creation. It is also the first of such studies in the Swedish context. The study is also unique due to the large-scale database it uses.

  • 6.
    Kachlami, Habib M.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Using High Quality Contextual Evidences for Entrepreneurship Policies2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Kachlami, Habib M.
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Öhman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Regional demand and supply factors of social entrepreneurship2018In: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, ISSN 1355-2554, E-ISSN 1758-6534, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 714-733Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this paper is to empirically investigate determinants of social entrepreneurship.

    Design/methodology/approach

    The study uses a large-scale database covering Sweden’s 290 municipalities over the 1990-2014 period. The theoretical analysis is based on the demand and supply theory of entrepreneurship, while the empirical analysis is based on feasible generalized least-squares regression models.

    Findings

    The results indicate that the male proportion of the workforce, education level, the presence of entrepreneurial role models, wealth, unemployment rate, age, and urbanization positively influence the rate of social venture creation in a region.

    Originality/value

    This is one of few studies that empirically investigate determinants of social entrepreneurship, and the very first in the Swedish context. The study uses a large-scale database and advanced regression methods.

  • 8.
    Kachlami, Habib
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Determinants of SME growth: The influence of financing pattern.: An empirical study based on Swedish data2016In: Management Research Review, ISSN 2040-8269, E-ISSN 2040-8277, Vol. 39, no 9, p. 966-986Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to study the firm-level financial variables affecting the growth of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Design/methodology/approach: The study applies a resource-based view to analyze the firm-level as well as industry-level determinants of SME growth. Empirical evidence has also been provided from a data set of SMEs in Sweden to support the hypotheses. For a robust statistical analysis, three models – ordinary least squares (OLS) regression, random-effects regression and fixed-effects regression – are used to examine the influence of explanatory variables on growth. Findings: The findings of this study show a positive and significant influence of profitability, short-term debt and size on a firm’s growth across all three models. Results regarding the influence of long-term debt on growth, however, are mixed. While the results of a fixed-effect model show the negative and significant influence of long-term debt on growth, the results according to OLS and random effects show long-term debt positively related to growth. Research limitations/implications: This study has been conducted over a period of four years and in the context of Sweden which may limit the generalizability of its results for longer periods and for different contexts. Moreover, the low explanatory power of the models implies the need to also consider other types of variables, such as managerial or socio-economic variables, to better explain the determinants of SME growth. Practical implications: Understanding the determinants of growth can be important for policy makers, SME managers and financial institutions. The findings of this study can be used for designing policies which stimulate SME growth. Realizing the financial resources that influence growth can also help SME managers and financial institutions to understand each other’s need for better cooperation. Originality/value: This paper applies different models for analyzing large and cross-sectoral data regarding SME growth in the context of Sweden.

  • 9. Mohammadpour, H
    et al.
    Moghtader, J
    Kachlami, Habib M.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Nanopaper Innovation at Paper and Packaging Industry2012Conference paper (Refereed)
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