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  • 1.
    Alam, Anzar
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Thim, Jan
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    O'Nils, Mattias
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Lindgren, Johan
    Iggesund Paperboard AB, Iggesund, Sweden.
    Lidén, Joar
    SCA Ortviken AB, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Online surface roughness characterization of paper and paperboard using a line of light triangulation technique2012Inngår i: Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, ISSN 0283-2631, E-ISSN 2000-0669, Vol. 27, nr 3, s. 662-670Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Within both the paper and paperboard industries, real time monitoring and measurement of surface roughness of a paper moving at high velocities is an important and challenging area of research. The uniform surface, for an entire production, can be effectively achieved by monitoring and controlling the paper surface roughness, in real time during the manufacturing steps. Presently the majority of paper industries rely on traditional laboratory profilometers. The obvious limitations of lab profilometers are that these are slow, do not measure the quality of entire reels but rather deal with only a few small pieces of samples taken from the end of the reels and it is difficult to make any possible correction in the productionlines without knowing the online roughness data. To eradicate the disadvantages associated with conventional measurements, an online prototype instrument has been developed that measures the surface roughness during the manufacturing steps, and is based on a line of lighttriangulation technique. The prototype technique will be of assistance in ensuring tight process control in order to maintain both a better and auniform quality throughout the entire production. It measures the whole reel, meter by meter, in traditional units of roughness and is also capable of characterizing the topography in a wide range of wavelength spectra. The article presents the online analyses results obtained from the developed prototype. The real time measurements, in a paperboard pilot mill, have successfully characterized and distinguished 16 different grades of newspaper and paperboard reels including reels which have the same family of quality grades and materials.

  • 2.
    Alam, Anzar
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Thim, Jan
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    O'Nils, Mattias
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Lindgren, Johan
    Iggesund Paperboard AB, Iggesund, Sweden.
    Lidén, Joar
    SCA Ortviken AB, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Online surface characterization of paper and paperboards in a wide-range of the spatial wavelength spectrum2012Inngår i: Applied Surface Science, ISSN 0169-4332, E-ISSN 1873-5584, Vol. 258, nr 20, s. 7928-7935Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the paper industry, surface topography is the essence of both paper and paperboard, and accurate topographical measurements are equally essential in order to achieve a uniform smooth surface. The traditional laboratory methods measure only a few samples from the entire tambour and there are other obvious limitations to this approach. Online measurements may be of significant value to improve the surface quality throughout the production. Roughness is one of the topography components and the majority of techniques measure paper by means of a single predictor of average roughness, R a which is inadequate in providing a comprehensive characterization of the surface. Measurements, in a wide range ofwavelengths, can characterize topography components such as roughness, waviness, cockling, etc. Online measurements were taken for various grades of 8 paper reels, containing the wireside and topsides for newspaper, and uncoated and coated sides of paperboards. Their surfacecharacterization, in the spatial wavelength spectrum, from 0.1 to 10 mm was obtained. This article presents the online characterizationresults which have efficiently distinguished the surfaces of same family materials including the edge and the middle position reels of fine coatedpaperboard. Online measurements were taken, at Iggesund Paperboard Pilot Coater in Sweden, by using a recently developed OnlineTopography (OnTop) device which is based on the principle of light triangulation. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 3.
    Alam, Mohammad Anzar
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    O'Nils, Mattias
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    Thim, Jan
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    Real time surface measurement technique in a wide range of wavelengths spectrum2014Inngår i: IEEE Sensors Journal, ISSN 1530-437X, E-ISSN 1558-1748, Vol. 14, nr 1, s. 285-294Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Real time surface topography measurement in the paper and paperboard industries is a challenging research field. The existing online techniques measure only a small area of paper surface and estimate topographical irregularities in a narrow scale as a single predictor. Considering the limitations and complications in measuring the surface at high speed, a laser line triangulation technique is explored to measure surface topography in a wide scale. The developed technique is new for the paper and paperboard application that scans a line onto the paper-web surface up to 210 mm in length in the cross machine direction. The combination of a narrow laser linewidth imaging, a subpixel resolution, and the selection of a unique measurement location has made it possible to measure roughness and simultaneously characterize paper surface topography from 0.1 to 30 mm spatial wavelength. This spatial range covers wide scale surface properties such as roughness, cockling, and waviness. The technique clearly distinguishes and characterizes the surface of newspaper, and lightweight coated, coated, and uncoated paperboard in real time during the paper manufacturing process. The system temporal noise for the average roughness is estimated as 37 dB. The signal to noise ratio found is from 5.4 to 8.1 in the short spatial wavelength up to 1 mm, whereas it is more than 75 in the long spatial wavelength from 5 to 10 mm.

  • 4.
    Alam, Mohammad Anzar
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    O'Nils, Mattias
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    Thim, Jan
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    Westerlind, Christina
    Performance and Prototyping Laboratory, SCA AB, Research and Development Centre, Sundsvall 852 37, Sweden .
    Limitation of a line-of-light online paper surface measurement system2014Inngår i: IEEE Sensors Journal, ISSN 1530-437X, E-ISSN 1558-1748, Vol. 14, nr 8, s. 2715-2724Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A new prototype device has been developed based on a laser triangulation principle to measure online surface topography in the paper and paperboard industries. It characterizes the surface in a wide spatial scale of topography from 0.09-10 mm. The prototype's technique projects a narrow line-of-light perpendicularly onto the moving paper-Web surface and scattered reflected light is collected at a low angle, low specular, and reduced coherent length onto the CCD sensors synchronized with the laser sources. The scattering phenomenon determines surface deviations in the z-direction. The full-width, at half-maximum of a laser line in cross section is sensitive in computation of the surface topography. The signal processing aspect of the image processing, for example, threshold and filtering algorithms are also sensitive in estimating the accurate surface features. Moreover, improper light illumination, intensity, reflection, occlusion, surface motion, and noise in the imaging sensor, and so forth, all contribute to deteriorate the measurements. Optical techniques measure the surface indirectly and, in general, an evaluation of the performance and the limitations of the technique are both essential and challenging. The paper describes the accuracy, uncertainty, and limitations of the developed technique in the raw profiles and in terms of the rms roughness. The achieved image subpixel resolution is 0.01 times a pixel. Statistically estimated uncertainty (2σ) in the laboratory environment was found 0.05 μm for a smooth sample, which provides a 95% confidence level in the rms roughness results. The depth of field of the prototype is ~2.4 mm.

  • 5.
    Alam, Mohammad Anzar
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Thim, Jan
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    O'Nils, Mattias
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Westerlind, Christina
    SCA R&D Centre, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Johan
    Iggesund Paperboard AB, Iggesund, Sweden.
    Lidén, Joar
    SCA Ortviken AB, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Investigation of the surface topographical differences between the Cross Direction and the Machine Direction for newspaper and paperboard2011Inngår i: Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, ISSN 0283-2631, E-ISSN 2000-0669, Vol. 26, nr 4, s. 468-475Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Paper and paperboard surface quality is constantly being improved by the industry. This improvement work deals with the essential fact that the surface topography must be measured, both in relation to offline and online measurements for the manufactured products. Most measurements relating to surface topography (especially online) are performed either in the machine direction (MD) or in the cross direction (CD). It has been the opinion of SCA Ortviken AB and Iggesund Paperboard AB that the surface topography amplitudes are almost always higher in the CD than in the MD, for their products which consist of newspaper and paperboard. This article aims to investigate the rela-tionship between the CD and the MD surface topography amplitudes for a wide range of spatial wavelength for both newspaper and paperboard. The tests and investiga-tions have been conducted using an FRT Microprof profilometer within the range 20 μm up to 8 mm, and the results confirm that the surface topography amplitudes are higher in the CD for most of the shorter spatial wavelength within this range. The results also show significant differences between measurements for different paper qualities, suggesting a requirement to investigate the relationship between the CD and the MD topography for all paper and paperboard qualities of interest for a paper or paperboard mill, before a decision is made in relation to a measurement method.

  • 6. Alastalo, Ari
    et al.
    Mattila, Tomi
    Leppäniemi, Jakkoo
    Suhonen, Mika
    Kololuomo, Terho
    Schaller, Andreas
    Andersson, Henrik
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Gao, Jinlan
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Nilsson, Hans-Erik
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Rusu, Alexandru
    Ayöz, Suat
    Stolichnov, Igor
    Siitonen, Simo
    Gulliksson, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Siden, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Lehnert, Tobias
    Adam, Jens
    Veith, Michael
    Merkulov, Alexey
    Damaschek, Yvonne
    Steiger, Jurgen
    Cederberg, Markus
    Konecny, Miroslav
    Printable WORM and FRAM memories and their applications2010Inngår i: Large area, organic & printed electronics (LOPE-C) 2010, 2010, s. 8-12Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 7.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Andres, Britta
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för tillämpad naturvetenskap och design.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Forsberg, Sven
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för tillämpad naturvetenskap och design.
    Hummelgård, Magnus
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för tillämpad naturvetenskap och design.
    Bäckström, Joakim
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för tillämpad naturvetenskap och design.
    Zhang, Renyun
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för tillämpad naturvetenskap och design.
    Olin, Håkan
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för tillämpad naturvetenskap och design.
    Contacting paper-based supercapacitors to printed electronics on paper substrates2012Inngår i: Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, ISSN 0283-2631, E-ISSN 2000-0669, Vol. 27, nr 2, s. 476-480Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Hybrid printed electronics, in which printed structures and silicon-based components co-exist will likely be among the first commercial solutions. In this case the paper substrate acts much in the same way as circuit boards, containing conductive tracks and acting as a carrier for the electrical components. It is important to consider the contacting of the components to be able to produce low resistance electrical contacts to the conductive tracks. Supercapacitors are able to deliver a large amount of current in a short time and are a good option for short term energy storage and if the printed product is to be used only one, or a few times, it can be the only power source needed. When manufacturing printed electronics, the overall resistance of the printed tracks as well as the contact resistance of the mounted components will add up to the total resistance of the system. A high resistance will cause a voltage drop from the power source to the component. This will waste power that goes to Joule heating and also the voltage and current available to components may be too low to drive them. If the intention is to use a power supply such as batteries or solar cells this becomes a limitation. In this article have been tested several conductive adhesives used to contact paper based supercapacitors to ink jet printed silver tracks on paper. The best adhesive gives about 0.3 Ω per contact, a factor 17 better compared to the worst which gave 5 Ω. The peak power that is possible to take out from a printed system with a flexible battery and super capacitors is about 10 times higher than compared with the same system with only the battery.

  • 8.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Hammarling, Krister
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Sidén, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Öhlund, Thomas
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för tillämpad naturvetenskap och design.
    Nilsson, Hans-Erik
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Modified EAS Tag Used as a Resistive Sensor Platform2012Inngår i: MDPI Electronics, ISSN 2079-9292, Vol. 1, nr 2, s. 32-46Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, a modified design of an RF Radio Frequency Electronic ArticleSurveillance (EAS) tag, used as a sensor platform, is manufactured and characterized. EAStags are passive devices consisting of a capacitor and coil, tuned to a resonance frequencyreadable by the detector equipment, in this case 8.2 MHz. They were originally used todetect whether merchandise was being moved through the detection gates at shop exits, inwhich case an alarm was triggered. If the capacitance is divided in two and a resistivesensor device inserted in between, the resonant Inductor-Capacitor (LC) circuit becomes anInductor-Capacitor-Capacitor-Resistor LCCR circuit and can be used as a sensor tag. Ahigh sensor resistance means that one capacitor is decoupled, leading to one resonancefrequency, while a low resistance will couple both capacitances into the circuit, resulting ina lower resonance frequency. Different types of resistive sensors exist that are able todetect properties such as pressure, moisture, light and temperature. The tag is manufacturedin Aluminum foil on a polyetylentereftalat (PET) substrate, resulting in a cost effectiveRF-platform for various resistive sensors. Two types of tags are designed andmanufactured, one with parallel plate capacitors and the other with interdigital capacitors.To test the tags, a resistive tilt sensor is mounted and the tags are characterized using anetwork analyzer. It is shown that for high resistance, the tags have a resonance frequencyof more than 10 MHz while for low values the frequency approaches 8.2 MHz.

  • 9.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Lidenmark, Cecilia
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för tillämpad naturvetenskap och design.
    Öhlund, Thomas
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för tillämpad naturvetenskap och design.
    Örtegren, Jonas
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för tillämpad naturvetenskap och design.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Forsberg, Sven
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Nilsson, Hans-Erik
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Evaluation of coatings applied to flexible substrates to enhance quality of ink jet printed silver nano-particle structures2012Inngår i: IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging, and Manufacturing Technology, Part C, ISSN 1083-4400, E-ISSN 1558-1241, Vol. 2, nr 2, s. 342-348Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Different types of the commercial surface treatment InkAid have been evaluated as a surface treatment to enhance print quality of silver nano-particle ink structures printed on polyimide and polyethene substrate. Originally these coatings have been specified to be applied on substrates for graphical ink jet printing. On the coated polyimide and polyethene substrates lines of different widths have been printed using a Dimatix materials printer together with silver nano-particle ink manufactured by Advanced Nano Products. The prints have then been evaluated in terms of print quality and resistivity before and after sintering. The results show that the application of these coatings can improve the print quality considerably, making it possible to print lines with a good definition, which is not  otherwise possible with this type of ink on this substrate types. It has been found that the coating Semi Gloss provides the best results, both in terms of print quality as well as the lowest resistivity. The resistivity on polyethene is 3.5*10-7Ωm at best when sintered at 150°C and for polyimide  8.9*10-8Ωm sintered at 200°C. This corresponds to a conductivity of about  4.5% and  18%of bulk silver, respectively. It can be concluded that applying such PVP based coatings to polyethene and polyimide will increase the print quality quite substantially, making it possible to print patterns with requirements of smaller line widths and more details than what is possible without coating.

  • 10.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    Gao, Jinlan
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    Lidenmark, Cecilia
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för naturvetenskap.
    Sidén, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    Forsberg, Sven
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för naturvetenskap.
    Unander, Tomas
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion. Dewire AB, Sundsvall 85185, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Hans-Erik
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    Investigation of Humidity Sensor Effect in Silver Nanoparticle Ink Sensors Printed on Paper2014Inngår i: IEEE Sensors Journal, ISSN 1530-437X, E-ISSN 1558-1748, Vol. 14, nr 3, s. Art. no. 6615915-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Thin inkjet-printed tracks of silver nanoparticles have previously been observed to show a non-reversible decrease in resistance when exposed to a high degree of relative humidity and thus providing sensor functionality with a memory effect. This paper provides a more in-depth explanation of the observed humidity sensor effect that originates from inkjet-printed silver nanoparticle sensors on a paper substrate. It is shown that the geometry of the sensor has a large effect on the sensor's initial resistance, and therefore also on the sensor's resistive dynamic range. The importance of the sensor geometry is believed to be due to the amount of solvent from the ink interacting with the coating of the paper substrate, which in turn enables the diffusion of salts from the paper coating into the ink and thus affecting the silver ink.

  • 11.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    Haller, Stefan
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    Hummelgård, Magnus
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för naturvetenskap.
    Sidén, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    Hummelgård, Christine
    Acreo Swedish ICT AB.
    Olin, Håkan
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för naturvetenskap.
    Nilsson, Hans-Erik
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    Assembling surface mounted components on ink-jet printed double sided paper circuit board2014Inngår i: Nanotechnology, ISSN 0957-4484, E-ISSN 1361-6528, Vol. 25, s. Art. no. 094002-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Printed electronics is a rapidly developing field where many components can already be manufactured on flexible substrates by printing or by other high speed manufacturing methods. However, the functionality of even the most inexpensive microcontroller or other integrated circuit is, at the present time and for the foreseeable future, out of reach by means of fully printed components. Therefore, it is of interest to investigate hybrid printed electronics, where regular electrical components are mounted on flexible substrates to achieve high functionality at a low cost. Moreover, the use of paper as a substrate for printed electronics is of growing interest because it is an environmentally friendly and renewable material and is, additionally, the main material used for many packages in which electronics functionalities could be integrated. One of the challenges for such hybrid printed electronics is the mounting of the components and the interconnection between layers on flexible substrates with printed conductive tracks that should provide as low a resistance as possible while still being able to be used in a high speed manufacturing process. In this article, several conductive adhesives are evaluated as well as soldering for mounting surface mounted components on a paper circuit board with inkjet printed tracks and, in addition, a double sided Arduino compatible circuit board is manufactured and programmed.

  • 12.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    Lidenmark, Cecilia
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för kemiteknik.
    Gao, Jinlan
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    Öhlund, Thomas
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för naturvetenskap.
    Forsberg, Sven
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för kemiteknik.
    Örtegren, Jonas
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för naturvetenskap.
    Schmidt, Wolfgang
    Schoeller Technocell GmbH and Co. KG, Burg Gretesch, D-49086, Osnabrück, Germany.
    Nilsson, Hans-Erik
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    The influence of paper coating content on room temperature sintering of silver nanoparticle ink2013Inngår i: Nanotechnology, ISSN 0957-4484, E-ISSN 1361-6528, Vol. 24, nr 45, s. Art. no. 455203-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The resistance of inkjet printed lines using a silver nanoparticle based ink can be very dependent on the substrate. A very large difference in resistivity was observed for tracks printed on paper substrates with aluminum oxide based coatings compared to silica based coatings. Silica based coatings are often cationized with polymers using chloride as a counter ion. It is suggested that the precipitation of silver salts is the cause of the high resistivity, since papers pretreated with salt solutions containing ions that precipitate silver salts gave a high resistance. Silver nitrate has a high solubility and paper pretreated with nitrate ions gave a low resistivity without sintering. The results obtained show that, by choosing the correct type of paper substrate, it is possible to manufacture printed structures, such as interconnects on paper, without the need for, or at least to reduce the need for, post-print sintering. This phenomenon is, of course, ink specific. Inks without or with a low silver ion content are not expected to behave in this manner. In some sensor applications, a high resistivity is desired and, by using the correct combination of ink and paper, these types of sensors can be facilitated.

  • 13.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    Sidén, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    Gao, Jinlan
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    Hummelgård, Magnus
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för naturvetenskap.
    Kunninmel, Gokuldev
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    Nilsson, Hans-Erik
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    Chemically programmed ink-jet printed resistive WORM memory array and readout circuit2014Inngår i: Materials Research Express, ISSN 2053-1591, Vol. 1, nr 3, s. 035021-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper an ink-jet printed write once read many (WORM) resistive memory fabricated on paper substrate is presented. The memory elements are programmed for different resistance states by printing triethylene glycol monoethyl ether on the substrate before the actual memory element is printed using silver nano particle ink. The resistance is thus able to be set to a broad range of values without changing the geometry of the elements. A memory card consisting of 16 elements is manufactured for which the elements are each programmed to one of four defined logic levels, providing a total of 4294 967 296 unique possible combinations. Using a readout circuit, originally developed for resistive sensors to avoid crosstalk between elements, a memory card reader is manufactured that is able to read the values of the memory card and transfer the data to a PC. Such printed memory cards can be used in various applications.

  • 14.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Thungström, Göran
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Lundgren, Anders
    SiTek Electro Opt, S-43330 Partille, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Hans-Erik
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Principle of FT Spectrometer based on a Lateral Effect Position Sensitive Detector and Multi Channel Fabry-Perot Interferometer2009Inngår i: Measurement, ISSN 0263-2241, E-ISSN 1873-412X, Vol. 42, nr 5, s. 668-671Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The principle of a new type of multi channel Fourier-Transform spectrometer based on a multi channel wedge Fabry-Perot interferometer using a one dimensional lateral effect Position Sensitive Detector and a scanning slit for interferogram readout have been shown. The design of this spectrometer is very compact and the readout electronics very simple. The drawback of using a scanning slit system is minimized by the use of a position sensitive detector where the position is inherently known for each measurement. Experiments show that the position can be resolved with high accuracy and the summation of the two photocurrents gives the interferogram after scanning the slit between the wedge interferometer and the position sensitive detector. The spectral resolution obtained with a 25mm wedge interferometer together with a 45mm position sensitive detector and a 25µm slit is about 5nm around 600nm wavelength range, which is close to the theoretically anticipated resolution. The evaluated spectrometer setup show promising results and could be used in applications where compact and low cost spectrometers are required.

  • 15.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Thungström, Göran
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Nilsson, Hans-Erik
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Broadband Parameters of Compact FT Spectrometer based on Fabry-Perot Interferometer Integrated with detector2008Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 16.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Thungström, Göran
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Nilsson, Hans-Erik
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Evaluation of an Integrated Fourier-Transform Spectrometer Utilizing a Lateral Effect Position Sensitive Detector with a Multi-Channel Fabry-Perot Interferometer2008Inngår i: Measurement science and technology, ISSN 0957-0233, E-ISSN 1361-6501, Vol. 19, nr 4, s. 045306-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The basis of this paper is the evaluation of an integrated multi-channel Fourier-transform (FT) spectrometer based on a multi-channel wedge Fabry-Perot interferometer and a one-dimensional lateral effect position sensitive detector (PSD). The use of a PSD for an interferogram readout allows for a simple scanning mechanism with no requirement for any position reference. The use of a wedge-shaped interferometer makes it possible to integrate it directly onto the PSD surface, thus producing a very compact spectrometer. The capabilities of the spectrometer are demonstrated by absorption spectral measurements using a reference sample. In addition, spectral measurements on 532 nm DPSS and 632.8 nm He-Ne lasers are presented. The resolution of the spectrometer is approximately 5 nm. The evaluated spectrometer set-up can be used in applications where compact and low cost spectrometers are required, such as in process control and in education. Further, it is shown that there are deteriorations in very high accuracy position measurements, which are caused by changes in incident light intensity. A model describing the above-mentioned nonlinearities was developed based on analysing the equivalent circuit for PSDs and parameters such as leakage current and serial resistance. Additionally, a method is proposed to assist in the reduction of the nonlinearity caused by this effect.

  • 17.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Unander, Tomas
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Lidenmark, Cecilia
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för tillämpad naturvetenskap och design.
    Forsberg, Sven
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för tillämpad naturvetenskap och design.
    Nilsson, Hans-Erik
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Inkjet printed silver nanoparticle humidity sensor with memory effect on paper2012Inngår i: IEEE Sensors Journal, ISSN 1530-437X, E-ISSN 1558-1748, Vol. 12, nr 6, s. 1901-1905Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, the design and the manufacture of an inkjet printed resistive type humidity sensor on paper are reported. After having been exposed to humidity above a given threshold level, the resistance of the sensor decreases substantially and remains at that level even when thehumidity is reduced. It is possible to deduce the humidity level by monitoring the resistance. The main benefit of the printed sensor presented in this case is in relation to its very low production costs. It has also been shown that both the ink type and this paper combination used prove to be crucial in order to obtain the desired sensor effect. More research is required in order to fully understand the humidity sintering effect on the nano particle ink and the role of the substrate. However, the observed effect can be put to use in printed humidity sensors which possess a memoryfunction. The sensor can be used in various applications for environmental monitoring, for example, in situations where a large number of inexpensive and disposable humidity sensors are required which are able to detect whether they have been subjected to high humidity. This could be the checking of transportation conditions of goods or monitoring humidity within buildings. © 2001-2012 IEEE.

  • 18.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Rusu, A
    EPFL-STI-IEL-NANOLAB, Bat ELB342, Station 11, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Haller, Stefan
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Ayöz, S
    EPFL-STI-IEL-NANOLAB, Bat ELB342, Station 11, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Nilsson, Hans-Erik
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    System of nano-silver inkjet printed memory cards and PC card reader and programmer2011Inngår i: Microelectronics Journal, ISSN 0959-8324, Vol. 42, nr 1, s. 21-27Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This work describes the development of inkjet printed, low-cost memory cards, and complementary pair of memory card reader and card reader/programmer for PCs. This constitutes a complete system that can be used for various applications. The memory cards are manufactured by inkjet printing nano-silver ink on photo paper substrate. The printed memory structures have an initial high resistance that can later be programmed to specific values representing data on the cards, the so called Write Once Read Many (WORM) memories. The memory card reader measures the resistance values of the memory cells and reads it back to the computer by USB connection. Using multiple resistance levels that represent different states it is possible to have a larger number of selectable combinations with fewer physical bits compared to binary coding. This somewhat counters one of the limitations of resistive memory technology that basically each cell needs one physical contact. The number of possible states is related to the resolution of the reader and the stability of the WORM memory.

  • 19.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Öhlund, Thomas
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Forsberg, Sven
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, teknik och matematik.
    Örtegren, Jonas
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Nilsson, Hans-Erik
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Evaluation of InkAid surface treatment to enhance print quality of ANP silver nano-particle ink on plastic substrates2010Inngår i: Large Area, Organic & Printed Electronics (LOPE-C) 2010, Frankfurt, 2010, s. 241-245Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 20.
    Hammarling, Krister
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    Hilborn, J.
    Uppsala University, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, Sweden .
    Nilsson, Hans-Erik
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för naturvetenskap.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    Blood pH optrode based on evanescent waves and refractive index change2014Inngår i: Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE, 2014, s. Art. no. 89381F-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Sensing pH in blood with an silica multimode optical fiber. This sensor is based on evanescent wave absorption and measures the change of the refractive index and absorption in a cladding made of a biocompatible Polymer. In contrast to many existing fiber optical sensors which are based upon different dyes or florescent material to sense the pH, here presents a solution where a part of the cladding is replaced with a Poly (β-amino ester) made of 1.4-Butanediol diacrylate, Piperazine, and Trimethylolpropane Triacrylate. Piperazine has the feature of changing its volume by swelling or shrinking in response to the pH level. This paper utilizes this dimension effect and measure the refractive index and the absorption of the cladding in respect to different pH-levels. The alteration of refractive index also causes a change in the absorption and therefore the output power changes as a function of the pH level. The sensor is sensitive to pH in a wide spectral range and light absorbency can be observed for wavelengths ranging from UV to far IR. © 2014 SPIE.

  • 21.
    Hammarling, Krister
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Zhang, Renyun
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, teknik och matematik.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Nilsson, Hans-Erik
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    FBG based upon evaporated Silica nano particles2011Inngår i: 1st EOS Topical Meetingon On Micro- and Nano-Optoelectronic Systems, Bremen, December 7-9, 2011, 2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A fiber bragg grating was made by evaporating silica nano particles on the outside of a multimode silica fiber core using EISA method. We demonstrate that a cost effective bragg filter may be built by evaporating nano particles directly on a fiber core, which is tunable with the particle size.

  • 22.
    Hammarling, Krister
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    Zhang, Renyun
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    Nilsson, Hans-Erik
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    Fiber Bragg Grating filter using Evaporated Induced Self Assembly of silica nano particles2014Inngår i: Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering: Optical Components and Materials XI, 8982 / [ed] Michel J. F. Digonnet; Shibin Jiang, 2014, s. Art. no. 898225-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present work we conduct a study of ber lters produced by evaporation of silica particles upon aMM-ber core. A band lter was designed and theoretically veried using a 2D Comsol simulation model ofa 3D problem, and calculated in the frequency domain in respect to refractive index. The ber lters werefabricated by stripping and chemically etching the middle part of an MM-ber until the core was exposed. Amono layer of silica nano particles were evaporated on the core using an Evaporation Induced Self-Assembly(EISA) method. The experimental results indicated a broader bandwidth than indicated by the simulationswhich can be explained by the mismatch in the particle size distributions, uneven particle packing and nallyby eects from multiple mode angles. Thus, there are several closely connected Bragg wavelengths that buildup the broader bandwidth. The experimental part shows that it is possible by narrowing the particle sizedistributing and better control of the particle packing, the lter eectiveness can be greatly improved.

  • 23. Manuilskiy, Analoliy
    et al.
    Andersson, Henrik
    Thungström, Göran
    Nilsson, Hans-Erik
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    New concept of compact optical Fourier-Transform spectrometer2006Inngår i: 2006 IEEE SENSORS, VOLS 1-3, IEEE , 2006, s. 408-411Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Here is presented a new concept of a compact optical Fourier-transform spectrometer (FT) working in a wide spectral range in real time and containing no moving parts. Most of the existing FT spectrometers consist of optics to create an image of the interference pattern on the detector plane. The concept presented here does not require these optical components because interferometer consists of multi channel Fabry Perot interferometer with stepped or gradually changing thickness attached directly to the detector array or detector matrix. As a result this allows complete integration of the interferometer with the detector together to one of the main spectrometer units. Two types of these spectrometers were simulated and experimentally tested. The first type with the wedge interferometer is suitable for analysis of optical radiation with partially coherent radiation and exhibits higher resolution and response to coherent radiation and lower response for non coherent radiation. Second one with cylindrically shaped interferometer suitable for spectroscopy with white sources shows lower spectral resolution. Both types of the spectrometers were tested from 0.6µm to 2µm with a 256pixels extended InGaAs array detector.

  • 24.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoily
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Norlin, Börje
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Nilsson, Hans-Erik
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Fröjdh, Christer
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Spectroscopy applications for the Medipix photon counting X-ray system2004Inngår i: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, E-ISSN 1872-9576, Vol. 531, nr 1-2, s. 251-257Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the Medipix system is a photon counting system, it is possible to use it as a spectroscopic device, which is sensitive to the energy of the incoming photons. The system can, for example, be used to achieve the spectrum of an unknown source. Since it is an imaging system, it can be useful for energy dependent scattering experiments. The factors limiting the spectroscopic resolution are source and channel noise and detector non-uniformity. A well-known method for correction non-uniformity is to use mono energetic source and a threshold adjustment. However, since the threshold calibration is energy dependent, its use for sources with wider energy range is limited. We have shown an easy method to create threshold calibration masks for different thresholds that include both detector and channel stationary influences with analysis of histograms of series of images. The model for histograms was created assuming a standard dental X-ray source, which allows finding mask-creating parameters like threshold range (Vth and Vthadj). This procedure can be performed for each energy of interest. Based on these arrays, mask files that narrowed the threshold distribution close to the theoretical limit, were prepared. The limit of the spectroscopic resolution for the system was measured by analysing histograms for series of flat images under identical conditions.

  • 25.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Andersson, Henrik
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Thungström, Göran
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Nilsson, Hans-Erik
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Compact Multi Channel Optical Fourier Spectrometer2006Inngår i: Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering / [ed] Ronald G. Driggers, David A. Huckridge, SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering, 2006, Vol. 6395, s. U34-U43, artikkel-id 639504Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work are shown the principle, first experimental results and a model design of a new type of multi channel Fourier transform (FT) spectrometer for visible (VIS) and infrared (IR) region operating in real time. The main principle of this spectrometer is that measured collected and collimated optical radiation passes through a linear array or matrix of optical Fabry-Perot interferometers. Each interferometer is placed in front of and close to each element of the array detector. By processing the signal the spectrum of the optical radiation can be extracted. This design does not require intermediate optics between interferometer and array detector and allows for a reliable and extremely compact construction. Production cost can be low when a simple wedge type interferometer is integrated with existing array or matrix detectors, e.g. CCD camera. One other benefit is that the shape of the interferometer determines whether the spectrometer is suitable for measuring wide spectra radiation or has the ability to discriminate optical coherent radiation. Experimental results achieved for VIS and NIR range of spectra are promising. The principals of this design can be used for a variety of applications besides as a spectrometer. For example warning systems for lasers and restricted coherency sources and also filtering of optical signals and for measuring the spectral content working in a wide spectral range.

  • 26. Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    et al.
    Andersson, Henrik
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Thungström, Göran
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Nilsson, Hans-Erik
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Multi Channel Array Interferometer-Fourier Spectrometer2006Inngår i: 2006 Northern Optics Conference Proceedings, New York: IEEE , 2006, s. 1-6Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The characterization and design of a Fourier transform spectrometer, which enables the integration of a multi channel interferometer with a detector unit in order to create a compact device is presented in this paper. It operates within a wide spectral range from visible to NIR, contains no moving parts and is resistible to mechanical and climatic conditions. Such a design with an array or matrix detector can be used for spectroscopy with a partially coherent or white optical source depending on the shape of the optical interferometer. A reasonable spectral resolution of the order of 20-50 cm-1 can be achieved over a 1 µm wavelength range when using a 512 pixel detector array. A design model for characterization of the quasi integrated device, where a multi channel interferometer was mechanically attached and which contained a gap to the detector elements, was used. The experimental results are promising and suggest a variety of different directions for the development and application of these types of integrated spectrometers.

  • 27.
    Nilsson, Hans-Erik
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Andersson, Henrik
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Unander, Tomas
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Hammarling, Krister
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Sidén, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Gulliksson, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Printed write once and read many sensor memories in smart packaging applications2011Inngår i: IEEE Sensors Journal, ISSN 1530-437X, E-ISSN 1558-1748, Vol. 11, nr 9, s. 1759-1767Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A horizontal printed Write Once Read Many (WORM) resistive memory has been developed for use in wireless sensortags targeting single event detection in smart packaging applications. The WORM memory can be programmed using a 1.5 V printedbattery. An alternative programming method is to use chemical sintering which allows the development of exposure-time triggeredsingle event tags that can be accessed wirelessly. The new WORM memory has very low losses in the ON-state which allows directintegration into antenna structures.A sensor tag that utilizes the WORM memory functionality and the well established Electronic Article Surveillance (EAS)communication standard has been outlined. Both active and fully passive sensor tag solutions have been proposed.The role of printed electronics in smart packaging applications has been reviewed and discussed. Important enabling factors forthe future development have been highlighted, such as the need for hierarchical design and test tools, better printed interconnecttechnologies as well as better components that allow communication with existing information and communication technology (ICT)standards. This is illustrated and underlined by the presented smart packaging concept demonstrators.

  • 28.
    Nilsson, Hans-Erik
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Unander, Tomas
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Andersson, Henrik
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Sidén, Johan
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Gulliksson, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    System integration of electronic functions in smart packaging applications2012Inngår i: IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology, ISSN 2156-3950, Vol. 2, nr 10, s. 1723-1734Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A system integration scheme relevant for smart packaging applications is presented. Recent advances in printed electronics, radio frequency identification tag production, and standardization of communication protocols are factors that increase the design freedom for new applications. As in all new technology fields, the first products are expected to appear in the high-cost segment attracting early adopters in the form of niche products. A reasonable assumption is that these products will come from hybridization of different types of technologies. Such a scenario is likely since no technology solution available can provide all features that these types of applications demand. There is a need of standard solutions for hybridization of silicon devices and printed (or foil-type) components. Conductive ink technology is a powerful tool for hybridization and customization of large-area electronics, providing 3-D integration and large-area customization. However, high-performance communication and advanced processing demand the use of silicon. Smart hybridization solutions allow combination of the best from both worlds. This paper analyzes the requirements on hybridization technologies suitable for smart packaging applications and provides design examples on integration of intrusion surveillance solutions for cellulose-based packaging applications. It shows that even though the current hybridization technologies are far from optimal, they can provide a considerable design freedom and system performance. © 2011-2012 IEEE.

  • 29.
    Norlin, Börje
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Nilsson, Hans-Erik
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Fröjdh, Christer
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Material recognition with the Medipix photon counting colour X-ray system.2004Inngår i: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, E-ISSN 1872-9576, Vol. 531, nr 1-2, s. 265-269Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    An energy sensitive imaging system like Medipixl has proved to be promising in distinguishing different materials in an X-ray image of an object. We propose a general method utilising X-ray energy information for materialrecognition. For objects where the thickness of the materials is unknown, a convenient material parameter to identify is K = α12, which is the ratio of the logarithms of the measured transmissions In(t1)/In(t2). If a database of the parameter K for different materials and energies is created, this method can be used for material recognition independent of the thickness of the materials. Series of images of an object consisting of aluminium and silicon were taken with different energy thresholds. The X-ray absorption for silicon and aluminium is very similar for the range 40-60 keV and only differs for lower energies. The results show that it is possible to distinguish between aluminium and silicon on images achieved by Medipixl using a standard dental source. By decreasing the spatial resolution a better contrast between the materials was achieved. The resolution of contrasts shown by the histograms was close to the limit of the system due to the statistical noise of the signal.

  • 30.
    Thim, Jan
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Manuilskiy, A
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    O´Nils, Mattias
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Thörnberg, Benny
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Lindgren, J
    Lidén, J
    The Impact of Surface Movement in Online Paper Topgraphy Cahracerization Using Light Triangulation2009Inngår i: Proceedings fo the Papermaker´s Research Symposium, 2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 31.
    Thim, Jan
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    O'Nils, Mattias
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Thörnberg, Benny
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Simulating the Impact of Topographical Microstructures on Triangulation Measurement Setups using Matlab2008Inngår i: Proceedings of Nordic MATLAB User Conference, 2008Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper manufacturing industry is currently exploring the possibility of measuring micro structural topography online in a paper manufacturing machine, which is intended to lead to a more precise measure of the paper quality reel to reel and a more efficient use of raw material. This paper presents a Matlab simulation model that can be used to configure such measurement readout systems, and includes a demonstration of the model in use. The model will also be used for research purposes in order to assist in gaining a better understanding of both the limitations and possibilities of such measurement systems. In this regard the angular shading of microstructures and Centre of Gravity (CoG) functions are included in the attributes that require further exploration.

     

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