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  • 1.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Ekker, Knut
    Nord Trondelag University College, Steinkjer, Norway .
    Holmberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    NLS:A Reflection Support System for Increased Inter-Regional Security2014In: International Journal of Information Technologies and Systems Approach, ISSN 1935-570X, E-ISSN 1935-5718, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 62-84Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cooperation across national borders is of paramount importance for the security in border close regions. Timely and adequate training, reflection, and preparation are core tools for facilitating and stimulating such interregional cooperation. Hence, NetAgora, a service oriented web portal for security cooperation, was designed. In NetAgora there is first a service package with accident- and emergency scenarios. Here multi-actors can train their cooperation and decision making skills. The R-statistics open source package is applied for recording and analyzing data from those training occasions. In subsequent debriefing sessions this is used for post-learning. Further, from anticipatory modeling and simulation it is found that rescue operations are delayed and misguided due to shortcomings in the communication between security command and communication centers. Hence, the NetAgora Learning System is designed and prototyped in order to overcome that problem. It will facilitate and stimulate reflection in action and double loop learning and aims at improving communication patterns by anticipatory pre-learning.

  • 2.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Holmberg, Stig C.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Applying Anticipatory Computing in System Dynamics2001In: Computing anticipatory systems: CASYS 2000, fourth international conference, Liège, Belgium, 7-12 August 2000, Melville, N.Y: American Institute of Physics , 2001, p. 578-589Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A traditional System Dynamics Model is compared with an Anticipatory Soft Computing Approach. A system for control and management of water resources and hydro electrical power stations is used as a real world test case. The System Dynamics Model is easily developed and run with help of commercial, special purpose modelling and simulation software. The resulting model increases understanding and generates new insights. Its lack of anticipatory power, however, makes the control task difficult. With the anticipatory approach, on the other hand, the control becomes more effective even if the modelling and model complexity increases rapidly than applied on a reasonable big and realistic real world case. Strong Anticipation, as compared to the more traditional Weak Anticipation, has proved itself to have many interesting and powerful properties.

  • 3.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Holmberg, Stig C.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Creative Anticipatory Spatial Modelling for Intra Regional Simulation2004In: COMPUTING ANTICIPATORY SYSTEMS / [ed] Dubois, DM, Mellville, N.Y: American Institute of Physics , 2004, p. 533-543Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Current models and tools for support in spatial intra regional design, planning, and management may generally be judged as being too descriptive and too reactive. Hence, due to their rigidity and focusing on system history, they have severe shortcomings in guiding decision-makers in current decision situations, which are characterized by increasingly high degrees of uncertainty, unperceptibility, and change. Therefore, in order to improve the conditions for decision-makers, a conceptual design of a new tool, the MAP-tool, for support in such work is presented. MAP is designed around the conceptual integration of anticipatory modelling and computing, multi modal system modelling, soft computing, and spatial modelling and computing

  • 4.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Holmberg, Stig C
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Multi modal anticipation in fuzzy space2006In: AIP Conference Proceedings, New York: American Institute of Physics , 2006, Vol. 839, p. 442-452Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We are all stakeholders in the geographical space, which makes up our common living and activity space. This means that a careful, creative, and anticipatory planning, design, and management of that space will be of paramount importance for our sustained life on earth. Here it is shown that the quality of such planning could be significantly increased with help of a computer based modelling and simulation support tool. Further, the design and implementation of such a tool ought to be guided by the conceptual integration of some core concepts like anticipation and retardation, multi modal system modelling, fuzzy space modelling and simulation, and multi actor interaction.

  • 5.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Holmberg, Stig C.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    NLS: The NetAgoraLearning System2013In: Advances in Simulation-Based Decision Support & Business Intelligence, Vol. 3, p. 11-15Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Holmberg, Stig C.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Soft Spatial Decision Support2002In: IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems, Piscataway, New Jersey: IEEE , 2002, Vol. 2, p. 1274-1279Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Decisions in planning and design of spatial systems express an extra high complexity, dimensionality, and uncertainty. Hence, such decisions are best supported by fuzzy visualisation of the involved variables and their interdependencies. With this approach a fuzzy man-machine system is proposed for spatial negotiations

  • 7.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Holmberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Complexity Challenges of Regional Planning and Design: Paper presented at the 11th Annual ANZSYS Conference/Managing the Complex, Christchurch, December 5 - 7, 2005.2005Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Spatial planning, i.e. planning and design of our common geographical space, is normally supported by different types of computerised planning tools. Today those tools, however, are porely fitted to meet the complexity challenges of spatial planning. Here it is found that the spatial complexity is a multidimensional super complexity. Main dimen-sions are Actor and Negotiation Complexity, Process and Structure Complexity, Space Com-plexity, Using Complexity, and Tools Complexity. However, complexity research has already produced a range of conceptual tools. With help of the Spatial Complexity Model it is demonstrated in what way those tools may be used to cope with the complexity challenges, i.e. the complexity dimensions, of spatial planning. Hence, by using the Spatial Complexity Model as a launching platform for the design of future support tools the expectations for a better complexity handling ability in spatial planning will increase.

  • 8.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Holmberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Decision Support for Spatial Planning and Management of Human Settlements1999In: Advances in support systems research Vol V: Decision support methodology for human systems management and its applications in economics and commerce, Winsor, Ontario, Canada: International Institute for Advanced Studies in Systems Research and Cybernetics , 1999, Vol. V, p. 30-39Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Holmberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Decision support functions embedded in GIS2001In: Nordic GIS Conference in Helsinki, 8-10 october 2001, 2001Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The value of any GIS will be greatly improved if embedded with a proper decision support. In this way it will be possible to have the GIS supporting in complex and tricky, multi criteria decisions regarding for example the best localization of new constructions and activities. The common way of doing this is by help of overlays, one overlay for each criteria or variable of importance for the decision. This procedure, however, has already proven itself to have severe drawbacks as it is restricted to the binary rule of a logical AND operation. In this way an infinitesimal failure in one criterion may rule out an otherwise perfect alternative. With an approach based on Fuzzy Logic and Soft Computing, on the other hand, both trade offs between variables and flexible AND-OR rules may be put to use. The so called OWA-procedure is demonstrated to meet those criteria common in real life situations. However, OWA does not solve all problems and further requirements on a spatial decision support are identified.

  • 10.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    A decision support procedure in physical planning based on fuzzy logic modelling2004In: NAFIPS 2004: 2004 Annual Meeting of the North American Fuzzy Information Processing Society, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE , 2004, p. 163-168Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to enhance the possibility of making a good decision in complex decision situations concerning localisation of the most suitable physical position for an activity or a building. This will be accomplished by integration of the three procedures, CFD-Tool (Continuous Fuzzy Decision Management Tool), the MAD-Tool (Multi-Actor Decision Management Tool) and the CSL-Tool (Cross System Level Decision Tool), Where all three methods using a fuzzy approach. The result is the FAS procedure, a procedure that handles the problems mentioned above with a fuzzy approach. The FAS-procedure is also the starting point of a computer based decision support for physical planning

  • 11.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Complexity Challenges of critical situations caused by flooding2005In: System thinking and complexity science: proceedings of the 11th ANZSYS/Managing the Complex V Conference (held in Christchurch, New Zealand, 5th-7th December, 2005), 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In case of flooding many authorities and organizations become involved and there is a problem to take in the whole situation and have a common picture when many incidents happen at the same time. There is also a lack of efficient tools showing critical buildings and constructions in combination with actual and forecasted water-levels. When handling critical situations we are facing challenges of complexity, uncertainty, and unpredictability. Such management- and decision activities are normally supported by some kind of models and support tools. However, complexity is normally not explicitly addressed in such models and tools. In this paper we analyse and discuss different kinds of complexity, which are a challenge in critical situations caused by flooding.

  • 12.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Complexity challenges of critical situations caused by flooding2007In: Emergence, ISSN 1521-3250, E-ISSN 1532-7000, Vol. 9, no 1-2, p. 34-39Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In case of flooding many authorities and organizations become involved and there is a problem to take in the whole situation and have a common picture when many incidents happen at the same time. There is also a lack of efficient tools showing critical buildings and constructions in combination with actual and forecasted water-levels. When handling critical situations we are facing challenges of complexity, uncertainty, and unpredictability. Such management- and decision activities are normally supported by some kind of models and support tools. However, complexity is normally not explicitly addressed in such models and tools. In this paper we analyse and discuss different kinds of complexity, which are a challenge in critical situations caused by flooding.

  • 13.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Management of critical situations caused by flooding.2006In: EURO XXI: 21 st European Conference on Operational Research, 2-5 July, Reykjavik, Iceland., 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In case of flooding many authorities and organizations become involved and there is a problem to take in the whole situation and have a common picture when many incidents happen at the same time. There is also a lack of efficient tools showing critical buildings and constructions in combination with actual and forecasted water-levels. When handling critical situations we are facing challenges of complexity, uncertainty, and unpredictability. Such management- and decision activities are normally supported by some kind of models and support tools. However, complexity is normally not explicitly addressed in such models and tools. In this paper we analyse and discuss different kinds of complexity, which are a challenge in critical situations caused by flooding.

  • 14.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Multi-actor dimensions and cross system levels considerations in spatial decision support2001In: Management, economy, social and socio-technical systems modelling, simulation, optimisation and control in engineering computer logical models and web-internet applied systems: Partial Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference CASYS 2000 on Computing Anticipatory Systems, Liège, Belgium, August 7-12, 2000, ISSN 1373-5411, p. 32-45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The spatial dimension of human settlements and establishments raises special decision problems in planning situations. Often there are multitudes of different criteria that have to be considered. Real world phenomena, in opposite to phenomena of an idealised mathematical or abstract world, are often vague, contradictory, and incomprehensible. Further, decisions about our physical environment often are of a multi criteria nature. We have in earlier research developed and tested the Ordered Weighted Average Procedure (OWA-procedure) for decision support in complex localisation decisions in physical planning outgoing from the basic methodologies for a multi criteria fuzzy decision support that already have been developed. However, the OWA-procedure in its current form is not able to capture the full complexity of most real decision situations. Some shortcomings of the OWA-procedure are its inability to consider several interesting parts and combine criteria from different system levels. For example, a location which is very suitable for an individual land owner or establisher may have severe drawbacks from the point of view of others stakeholders or even the whole community. In order to make OWA more suitable for those common situations the prototype is extended with functions for averaging between different value sets and cross level impact analysis.

  • 15.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    New approaches to soft anticipatory design for spatial decision support systems2002In: International Jounal of Computing Anticipatory Systems, ISSN 1373-5411, Vol. 13, p. 170-181Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The human management of geographical space is far from perfect. Factors that aggravate the situation may be found in the planning and decision support systems applied for managing decisions and actions concerning geographical space. A majority of those support systems are based on the reactive paradigm (Rosen, 1985) and the classical two-valued logic of an abstracted and idealised world (Kosko, 1993). So far, modern research in anticipatory computing, fuzzy logic and soft systems design unfortunately has not, to any significant extent, been applied in geographical management systems. The purpose of the work, reported in this paper, is to present some ideas for a model for management of common regional resources, based on anticipation, soft systems design and systemic spatial modelling.

  • 16.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Simulation and anticipation in critical situations caused by flooding2005In: CASYS´05, Liege, 2005, Liége: CHAOS , 2005, p. 28-36Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Globally flooding is one of the natural catastrophes that every year causes most victims and the greatest economical effects. In Sweden and other European countries death caused by flooding is relatively unusual, but the damages in tangible assets and the cost for the society are considerable. In case of flooding many authorities and organizations become involved and there is a problem to take in the whole situation and have a common picture when many incidents happen at the same time. There is also a lack of efficient tools showing critical buildings and constructions such as roads, railroads, water-purifying plant, etc, in combination with actual and forecasted water-levels. In this paper we discuss anticipation of critical factors to be included in a model for visualization of situations caused by flooding.

  • 17.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Simulation and anticipation in critical situations caused by flooding2006In: International Journal of Computing Anticipatory Systems, ISSN 1373-5411, Vol. 19, p. 28-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Globally flooding is one of the natural catastrophes that every year causes most victims and the greatest economical effects. In Sweden and other European countries death caused by flooding is relatively unusual, but the damages in tangible assets and the cost for the society are considerable. In case of flooding many authorities and organizations become involved and there is a problem to take in the whole situation and have a common picture when many incidents happen at the same time. There is also a lack of efficient tools showing critical buildings and constructions such as roads, railroads, water-purifying plant, etc, in combination with actual and forecasted water-levels. In this paper we discuss anticipation of critical factors to be included in a model for visualization of situations caused by flooding.

  • 18.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    The OWA-Procedure: A Fuzzy Approach in Supporting Localization Decisions1999In: NOAK'99, 1999Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Visualization of Data Quality and Uncertainty in Decision Support Systems2003In: ISSS 2003: 47th Annual Conference of the International Society for the Systems July 7th - 11th, 2003 Iraklion, Crete, Greece, 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    in the best way to the decision situation. The examination of which type of data to include and the working out of algoritms are thoroughly carried out. However, the error propagation involved in poor data quality can deteriorate dramatically the accuracy of the output results. The user of the decision support system is often unaware of the weaknesses and deficiencies in data quality. In this paper analysis and evaluation of data quality is discussed. Further, the paper introduces visualisation aids into the decision support system to help augment our awareness of the underlying data quality in decision support systems and help in guiding our focus of attention.

  • 20.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Revay, P
    Visualization and simulation of critical situations caused by flooding: GeoCAD´05 i Alba Iulia, Rumänien2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Revay, P.
    Visualization of Critical Factors in a Decision Support System for Management of Flooding2006In: MicroCAD '06, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Flooding is a natural occurrence and no drainage systems or flood protection measures can give an absolute protection from all flooding events. The impact of flooding on a community and the health and safety risks are significant. Globally flooding is one of the natural catastrophes that every year causes most victims and the greatest economical effects. In Sweden and other European countries death caused by flooding is relatively unusual, but the damages in tangible assets and the cost for the society are considerable. In case of flooding many authorities and organizations become involved and there is a problem to take in the whole situation and have a common picture when many incidents happen at the same time. There is also a lack of efficient tools showing critical buildings and constructions such as roads, railroads, water-purifying plant, etc, in combination with actual and forecasted water-levels. In this paper we discuss how the critical factors can be visualized in the CRISSI system. The complexity challenges according to the laws of complexity are also considered.

  • 22.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Revay, Peter
    Visualization and simulation of critical situations caused by flooding2005In: Cadastre Journal RevCad, ISSN 1583-2279, no 5, p. 329-336Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Globally flooding is one of the natural catastrophes that every year causes most victims and the greatest economical effects. In European countries death caused by flooding is relatively unusual, but the damages in tangible assets and the cost for the society are considerable. In case of flooding many authorities and organizations become involved and there is a problem to take in the whole situation and have a common picture when many incidents happen at the same time. There is also a lack of efficient tools showing critical buildings and constructions such as roads, railroads, water-purifying plant, etc, in combination with actual and forecasted water-levels. In this paper a model for visualization of critical situations caused by flooding in rivers is presented. The model is based on critical factors derived from studies of earlier flooding, hydrological models, and visualization models.

  • 23.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Révay, Péter
    A Model for Management of Critical Situations Caused by Flooding2008In: Proceedings of the The Seventh International Symposium on Tools and Methods for Competitive Engineering (TMCE 2008): Vol. 2, 2008, p. 1137-1145Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Globally flooding is one of the natural catastrophes that every year causes most victims and the greatest economical effects. In case of flooding many authorities and organizations become involved and there is a problem to take in the whole situation and have a common picture when many incidents happen at the same time. Established models of organizational control are insufficient to cope with the management of such complex situations. In this paper we will discuss, from a systemic management perspective, model requirements for management of flooding situations where several independent organizations have to collaborate. Simulation techniques are used as a research method throughout the project. We conclude that the CRISSI simulation system or at least its principles should be relevant for the international bodies. The system has an open design so it is adaptable and can be characterized as an adaptable and learning system.

  • 24.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Håkonsson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Revay, P
    Interorganizational Management of critical situations caused by flooding2007In: Proceedings. MicroCAD 2007 International Scientific Conference, University of Miskolce, Hungary, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Globally flooding is one of the natural catastrophes that every year causes most victims and the greatest economical effects. In case of flooding many authorities and organizations become involved and there is a problem to take in the whole situation and have a common picture when many incidents happen at the same time. Established models of organizational control are insufficient to cope with the management of such complex situations. In this paper we will discuss, from a systemic management perspective, model requirements for management of flooding situations where several independent organizations have to collaborate.

  • 25.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Håkonsson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Revay, P
    Multi-actor dimensions - Problems to handle in spatial decision support MicroCad2002In: International Computer Science meeting 2002, Miscolc, Ungern, 2002Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The spatial dimension of human settlements and establishments raises special decision problems in planning situations. Often there are multitudes of different criteria that have to be considered. Real world phenomena, in opposite to phenomena of an idealised mathematical or abstract world, are often vague, contradictory, and incomprehensible. Further, decisions about our physical environment often are of a multi criteria nature. We have in earlier research developed and tested the Ordered Weighted Average Procedure (OWA-procedure) for decision support in complex localisation decisions in physical planning outgoing from the basic methodologies for a multi criteria fuzzy decision support that already have been developed. However, the OWA-procedure in its current form is not able to capture the full complexity of most real decision situations. For example, in most real world situations, decisions in connection with competition, negotiation, time etc needs to be made. To be able to handle multi-actor decision situations, tools for visualization of the spatial situation to decide on, such as 3D modeling and Virtual Reality, in addition to fuzzy decision support is needed.

  • 26.
    Holmberg, Stig
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Methodological Considerations for Development of Research Support Systems2016In: Journal of Organisational Transformation and Social Change, ISSN 1477-9633, E-ISSN 2040-056X, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 149-167Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article introduces the development of research support systems (RSS) as a special form of information systems (IS) development. Building on experiences from a concrete case several crucial differences between RSS development and development of conventional business support systems (BSS) are identified. So, development for RSS means less of mission and more of continues collaboration, less of producing and more of reciprocal learning and social change. It also involves an expanded universe of discourse that requires support more from an IS researcher and less of a conventional IS-developer. Further, there are issues of ethics and funding that makes RSS development extra challenging. All this represents a shift in focus away from How to do things, toward, What things to do. The article is closed with some tentative guidelines for RSS development. Those include preparing, learning, working arena, anticipatory acting, prototyping and stepwise improvement and scrutiny.

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