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  • 1.
    Amcoff Nyström, Christina
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Asproth, Viveca
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Virtual Teams - Support for Technical Communication2013In: Journal of Organizational Transformation and Social Change, ISSN 1477-9633, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 87-103Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To work together in virtual teams has increasingly become a natural change

    in how organizations work. Due to demands from the environment,

    organizations have had to transform from traditional ways of working to

    becoming more flexible and adaptive. The aim of this article is to identify

    obstacles, problems, and presumptions in order to enable the virtual team to

    be successful. A project — The TIC-project — is described, and results from

    a study concerning collaboration and networking among companies within

    Technical Communication are presented. Results show that, to a great

    extent, experiences from networking are lacking. Furthermore, trust must be

    embedded in the teams, meaning that personal meetings must precede

    virtual meetings. Most interviewees declared a wish to collaborate despite

    being competitors. Finally, questions and topics for further research are

    presented.

  • 2.
    Amcoff Nyström, Christina
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Asproth, Viveca
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Persson Slumpi, Thomas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Olsson, Hanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Boundless collaboration: Distributed concurrent design in an inter-regional collaboration between emergency authorities2014In: Proceedings of the DESIGN 2014 13th International Design Conference / [ed] Marjanović, D.; Štorga, M.; Pavković, N.; Bojčetić, N., The Design Society, 2014, p. 1621-1630Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the article is to evaluate how Distributed Concurrent Design works during collaboration in a distributed system development project. We studied collaboration between emergency authorities in Sweden and Norway developing a demonstrator for emergency training. Evaluation criteria were people, processes, and tools. We have used a multi-method approach with the evaluation criterion as a lens. Findings has so far shown that distributed concurrent design works as a method in system development projects but much effort must be put on planning, management and training in available tools.

  • 3.
    Amcoff Nyström, Christina
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Olsson, Hanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Asproth, Viveca
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Assumptions for Distributed Concurrent Design and Decision Making2012In: Proceedings of International Design Conference, DESIGN / [ed] Marjanović D., Štorga M., Pavković N., Bojčetić N., Dubrovnik, Croatia, 2012, p. 543-550Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Amcoff Nyström, Christina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Olsson, Hanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Persson Slumpi, Thomas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Distributed concurrent design in system development projects2012In: IRIS 35/SCIS2012 – DESIGNING THE INTERACTIVE SOCIETY, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Holmberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Nyström, Christina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Soft Early Warning for Regional Security2014In: International Journal of Computing Anticipatory Systems, ISSN 1373-5411, Vol. 30, p. 191-198Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we will discuss security in functional regions that are divided between twoor more nations. Awareness and preparation requires some sort of warning mechanismmaking it possible for the people in the region to become aware and to preparethemselves for upcoming emergency situations. As both the disaster indicators and thecrisis to come are both fuzzy and unknown, we will speak about Soft Early WarningSystems (SEWS). In SEWS each individual living in a region will act as a networkedhuman anticipatory emergency sensor and actor. Our conception of such a regionalsecurity SEWS is given in the form of an idealised design called the netAgora portal.After discussing the broad lines of the netAgora design this paper will be focusing onthe key role anticipatory modelling and simulation may play in a tool for developing aSEWS capacity for handling transnational complex emergencies and disasters.

  • 6.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Holmberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Nyström, Christina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Soft Early Warning for Regional Security2010In: 24th European Conference on Operational Research, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Holmberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Nyström, Christina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Soft Early Warning for Regional Security2011In: Casys'11: Tenth International Conference on Computing Anticipatory Systems / [ed] Daniel M. Dubois, Liége: CAOS , 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Löfstedt, Ulrica
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Nyström, Christina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Utbildningsresurser för Teknikinformatörer2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande rapport nr 4.a behandlar utbildningsfrågor. Inledningsvis

    diskuteras utbildningsbehov och en önskvärd utbildning skissas. I avsnitt

    två redovisas en översiktlig inventering och värdering av befintliga TIutbildningar.

    Rapporten avslutas med en uppsättning förslag på hur

    utbildningsbehovet kan mötas på kort och lång sikt.

  • 9.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Löfstedt, Ulrica
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Nyström, Christina Amcoff
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Öberg, Lena-Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Teknikinformationscentrum: Samverkan mellan akademi och företag för forskning och utbildning2009In: HSS09: Högskolor och samhälle i samverkan, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Teknikinformationscentrum är ett forsknings- och utvecklingsprojekt som fokuserar på tek­nisk information. Teknisk information är all den dokumentation som behövs för att använda, utföra service och reparera en produkt, t ex bruksanvisningar, reparationshandböcker, serviceanvisningar. Pro­jektet drivs av Mittuniversitetet i nära samarbete med Försvarets materielverk (FMV) och ett tiotal företag som producerar teknisk dokumentation i stor omfattning. Projektet syftar till att etablera en kunskapsnod inom Teknikinformations-området. Projektet arbetar dels med frågor runt TI-före­tagens kompetensbehov och kompetens­försörjning dels med framtidssäkra stan­darder, rutiner och tekniker för behovsstyrd TI-produktion. Två studier har gjorts med syftet att undersöka vilka krav som ställs på teknikinformation respektive vilket kompetensbehov som finns för att arbeta med att producera dokumentationen.

    Några av de företag som deltar i projektet har teknisk dokumentation som affärside och producerar dokumentationen till andra företag, medan övriga företag producerar dokumentation till sina egna produkter. Deltagande företag är konkurrenter på marknaden, men har gemensamma problem och har därför funnit att det finns fördelar med att ingå i ett gemensamt projekt. Den frågeställning som behandlas i detta papper är hur konkurerande företag kan samverka och dra nytta av att delta i ett gemensamt forsknings- och utvecklingsprojekt.

  • 10.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Löfstedt, Ulrica
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Nyström, Christina Amcoff
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Öberg, Lena-Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Viable design for Technical Communication Systems in future contexts2009In: IRIS32, Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Nyström, Christina Amcoff
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Communication and Information Exchange among SMEs and their local environment2008In: Journal of Organizational Transformation and Social Change, ISSN 1477-9633, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 175-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract. In this paper the results from a Swedish pilot study in the project Arena for Sustainable Innovative Development of small and medium-sized enterprises is presented. The project in a whole aims to create and test a model for collaboration and sustainable development among small and medium sized enterprises SMEs - in local areas. The research question in this paper is delimited to issues concerning use of ICT, information exchange and communication among the interested parties. The pilot study was accomplished in a qualitative and explorative way with semi-structured interviews. As a result of the study some questions are identified as urgent to further investigate.

  • 12.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Nyström, Christina Amcoff
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Communication and Information Exchange among SMEs and their local environment 2007In: IRIS 30: Proceedings of 30th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia August 11-14, 2007 Tampere Finland, Tampere, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper the results from a pilot study in the project Arena for Sustainable Innovative Development of small and medium-sized enterprises. The project aims to create and test a model for collaboration and sustainable development among small and medium sized companies in local areas. The questions raised in the study were: What kind of problems and requirements can be found in small enterprises with respect to information exchange and communication with others? Which information is needed to promote active engagement among the interested parties? How does the knowledge creation and exchange work between the actors? The method used was qualitative and explorative with semi-structured interviews.

  • 13.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Nyström, Christina Amcoff
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Preparing for Emergency Situations2010In: COMPUTING ANTICIPATORY SYSTEMS / [ed] Daniel M. Dubois, American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2010, p. 179-188Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Disaster relief can be seen as a dynamic multi actor process with actors both joining and leaving the relief work during the help and rescue phase after the disaster has occurred. Actors may be governmental agencies, non profit voluntary organisations or spontaneous helpers comprised of individual citizens or temporal groups of citizens. Hence, they will vary widely in agility, competence, resources, and endurance. To prepare for for disasters a net based Agora with simulation of emergency situations for mutual preparation, training, and organisational learning is suggested. Such an Agora will ensure future security by: –Rising awareness and preparedness of potential disaster responders by help of the components and resources in the netAgora environment; –Improving cooperation and coordination between responders; –Improving competence and performance of organisations involved in security issues; –Bridging cultural differences between responders from different organizations and different backgrounds. The developed models are intended to reflect intelligent anticipatory systems for human operator anticipation of future consequences. As a way to catch what should be included in this netbased Agora and to join the split pictures that is present, Team Syntegrity could be a helpful tool. The purpose of Team Syntegrity is to stimulate collaboration and incite cross fertilization and creativity. The difference between syntegration and other group work is that the participants are evenly and uniquely distributed and will collectively have the means, the knowledge, the experience, the perspectives, and the expertise, to deal with the topic. In this paper the possibilities with using Team Syntegrity in preparation for the development of a netbased Agora is discussed. We have identified that Team Syntegrity could be useful in the steps User Integration, Designing the netAgora environment, developing Test Scenarios, and assessment of netAgora environment.

  • 14.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Nyström, Christina Amcoff
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Löfstedt, Ulrica
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Future Competence Development within Technical Communication: Mapping of competence level and need of competence Development2009In: 9th European colloquium for user-friendly product information: Documentation Projects - Trends & Methods, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Nyström, Christina Amcoff
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Olsson, Hanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Öberg, Lena-Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Using Team Syntegrity in a Triple Loop Learning Model for Course Development2011In: InSite 2011: Proceedings and Conference Book. Informing Science and IT Education 2011 Joint Conference, Informing Science Institute, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Nyström, Christina Amcoff
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Olsson, Hanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Öberg, Lena-Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Using Team Syntegrity in a Triple Loop Learning Model for Course Development2011In: Issues in Informing Science and Information Technology, ISSN 1547-5840, E-ISSN 1547-5867, Vol. 8, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Banck, Björn
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Löfstedt, Ulrica
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Amcoff Nyström, Christina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Kompetensförsörjning för lärande organisationer med fokus på TI2013Other (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Banck, Björn
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Nyström, Christina Amcoff
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Free the User and Liberate the Designer2001In: IRIS 24: proceedings of the 24th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia : Ulvik, Norway, 11-14 August 2001, Bergen: University of Bergen , 2001, p. 693-710Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The authors have chosen to apply different aspects of design to a model for a first (preparatory) design of information systems. We will describe important aspects and standpoints, and suggest a first model including a Meta method and a virtual toolbox. Initially we focus on the identification of suitable criteria for a general design of systems development, aspects of design for the first model (starting point model) and the early steps/phases in the development of information systems. We also briefly discuss the model and the Meta method on Intranet in terms of further development.

  • 19.
    Banck, Björn
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Nyström, Christina Amcoff
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Intranet - a tool for power and control or a possibility to increase the quality of work2002In: Promote IT 2002: Second Conference for the Promotion of Research in IT at New Universities and University Colleges in Sweden 22-24 April, 2002 Billingehus, Skövde Sweden, 2002, p. 223-234Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we briefly present research related to Intranets in order to define topics of interest. The presented research mainly focuses on: intranet implementation, initiative, stakeholders, roles, and other organizational questions. We also present an umbrella project – VICQ (Viable Intranet for Creativity and Quality), related to the research in progress. This umbrella project intends to focus on questions concerning the use of intranets, philosophy of mangers, philosophy of technology, aspects of design. Some future part projects are identified and described as well as a planned pilot study. In the pilot study we will investigate a number of intranets. The result will be an analysis and a description of three different groups (managers, IS-services, users) view of their intranet. We shall use this analyze to specify questions for further work.

  • 20.
    Banck, Björn
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Nyström, Christina Amcoff
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Intranet - Ongoing Research and Future Directions2005In: Advances in Applied Systems Research: Vol. I: Cognitive Models/Intranet/ 3D Object Retrieval/Steganographic Applications/ E-Commerce, Ontario, Canada: IIAS , 2005, p. 9-18Chapter in book (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we briefly present ongoing research related to Intranets in order to define shortcomings and needs for further research. An Intranet often mirrors the organization’s and the managers’ view of employees. An Intranet is more a tool to support the organization in common than to solve separate tasks. We outline the ‘map of the world of research of intranets’ where knowledge management, organization theory, design and informatics are the main cornerstones that overlap each other. There are different kinds of approaches depending on the Intranet researchers’ choice of problem domain. One approach is Intranet development in a broad sense as the problem domain. Other researchers have knowledge management as the problem domain and consider Intranet as one way to handle KM. Researchers, who have chosen Intranet as the secondary problem domain, might have their theoretical starting points in other disciplines/spheres of interest. Examples of these disciplines might be organization theory, social science and knowledge. Ongoing research on Intranet mainly focuses on different aspects of implementation, initiative, development processes, knowledge management and roles. There are lacks due to the number of empirical studies. The use of Intranets is poorly investigated and questions about aspects that influence the understanding and use of an Intranet are being raised.

  • 21.
    Banck, Björn
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Nyström, Christina Amcoff
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Intranet Use: A Study in Five Swedish Organisations2003In: Promote IT 2003: 5-7 may,2003, Gotland University, Sweden, Visby: Gotland University , 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a study of intranet in five Swedish organisations The purpose with the study was to investigate in what way different aspects influences the use and understanding of intranet. The method used was an explorative approach, based on two interview guides. The first interview guide was directed to managers and IS representatives, dealt with background aspects of the intranets as well as data about the businesses and their intranets. The second interview guide directed to all kind of users covered aspects about use of intranet and in what way users could influence the content of intranet and the understanding of intranet. The persons interviewed represented end-users, managers and members of the IS-staffs. The interviews were carried out from May to November 2002. The results showed that the intranets in the study were poor matured and the main use mode was publishing. The underlying philosophy of the intranets seemed to be more that the users were informing themselves instead of inform others Furthermore, the use and understanding of intranet differed between end-users vs. managers and the IS-staff. Finally, we have identified important aspects to be considered when investigating use of intranets in further research. These aspects are strategies, context, further development process, competence, and the intranets belonging to the organisation as well as the culture of the organisation.

  • 22.
    Banck, Björn
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Nyström, Christina Amcoff
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Intranet Use: A Study of Five Swedish Organizations2005In: Journal of Organizational Transformation and Social Change, ISSN 1477-9633, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 153-180Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a study carried out 2002, concerning the Intranet in five Swedish organizations. The purpose is to investigate in what way different aspects influence the use and understanding of an Intranet. An explorative approach is used, based on two interview guides. The first guide is aimed at managers and IS representatives and covers background aspects of the Intranets, as well as data about the businesses and their Intranets. The second guide is directed to all kinds of users and covers aspects of the use of Intranet and in what way users can influence the content and understanding of the Intranet. The persons interviewed represent end-users, managers and members of the IS staff. Results show that the Intranets in the study are poorly matured and that the main use mode is ‘publishing’. The underlying philosophy of the Intranets seems to be self-information rather than informing others. Furthermore, the use and understanding of Intranet differs between end-users, managers and IS –staff, according to trust and ideas of responsibilities. Finally, important aspects to be considered when investigating the use of Intranets in further research are identified. These aspects are strategies, social context, further development process, competence and the Intranets’ organizational affiliation as well as the culture of the organization.

  • 23.
    Banck, Björn
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Nyström, Christina Amcoff
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Intranätanvändning - en studie i fem svenska organisationer2003Report (Other scientific)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den enskilda studien var: att inom VICQ-projektets ram, stärka kunskapen om den faktiska användningen av intranät (användningen förklarad via upplevelser av strategi och syfte, initiativ, införande, utveckling) och härvid särskilt belysa olika personalkategoriers uppfattning om intranätet, att utifrån resultatet av ovanstående, identifiera och precisera ytterligare frågeställningar relaterat till vår utgångspunkt (utgångsmodellen) inför kommande studier

  • 24.
    Haftor, Darek
    et al.
    Stockholmsuniversiet, Företagsekonomi.
    Holmberg, Stig
    Löfstedt, Ulrica
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Nyström, Christina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Öberg, Lena-Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Provincial Designer Design: A Creative Mix of Hard Restrictions and Soft Visions of an Information Systems Educational Program2011In: IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, ISSN 1868-4238, Vol. 350, p. 399-408Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a brief historical account of the unorthodox design of an educational program for information systems development. The design and development of this program was initiated in 1977 at the University College of Östersund, today the Mid Sweden University. The presented account provides a description of the somewhat unusual context of this initiative, which was regarded as a weakness by conventional standards, but became an opportunity in this particular situation. The intellectual inspirations and sources for the design of this program are characterized and followed by a presentation of the very content and operating mode of the educational program. The final part presents the various outcomes that the program gave rise to, in terms of students’ professional careers observed.

  • 25.
    Nyström, Christina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    On journey with system thinkers - Systems thinking in education and research, today and tomorrow2011In: Challenges for the Future in an ICT Context / [ed] Viveca Asproth, Östersund: Mid Sweden University , 2011, p. 138-150Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Nyström, Christina Amcoff
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Demands on Intranets - Viable System Model as a Foundation for Intranet Design2005In: Promote IT 2005, 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Nyström, Christina Amcoff
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Demands on Intranets: Viable System Model as a Foundation for Intranet Design2006In: AIP Conference Proceedings, Liége: AIP , 2006, Vol. 839, p. 381-387Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The number of Intranets increases in organizations but their potential to support viability is not fully exploited. The cybernetic model, the Viable System Model, has not been connected to the Intranet concept before. Characteristics of the VSM, such as highlighting the importance of production, monitoring of production units through Early Warning Systems, autonomy and empowerment, are used as patterns and a base for de-signing essential parts and/or functions of an Intranet. The result is a brief description of functions vital to the operational parts of organizations. Examples are Early Warning Systems, control systems, "gate-keepers," amplifying and damping information to and from the organization and "agents" supporting search abilities on an Intranet.

  • 28.
    Nyström, Christina Amcoff
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Design rules for Intranets according to the Viable System Model2006In: Systemic Practice and Action Research, ISSN 1094-429X, E-ISSN 1573-9295, Vol. 19, no 6, p. 523-535Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Viable System Model, VSM, by Stafford Beer is a model used for diagnosing and designing organizational structure and communication to facilitate necessary and sufficient conditions for viability. The model has been used for diagnosing different kinds of organizations at different levels where its use highlights existing or missing communication patterns and information flows in different communication channels and relates findings to a viable system. In a previous article, VSM and Intranet have been discussed and examples of advantages of combining the two concepts when designing organizations, has been given. In this article, VSM is combined with Intranet and possible functions in an intranet that support information exchange between different systems are identified and described. The suggested functions identified in this article are finally related to Intranet use modes, and the concepts of Empowerment vs. control.

  • 29.
    Nyström, Christina Amcoff
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Designing Intranets for Viability: Approaching Organizational Empowerment and Participation2006Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Intranets appeared in the mid-1990s and were perceived as the answer to the need for the integration of existing Information Systems into organisations. Despite the fact that there has been extensive research regarding implementation, development processes, policies standardisation vs. creativity and so forth, the potentiality of Intranets has not been fully exploited. Intranets offer many advantages in the form of working networks that support and enable empowered employees to participate in the development of the organisation, to enable the measurement of essential functions and to monitor undesired conditions and find suitable functions that support daily work. The research approach in this thesis has alternated between analysis empirical studies, and design. Current literature, research findings in the form of articles, etc., are analysed, an empirical study of five organisations is conducted and finally a design of possible functions is accomplished. In the analysis of the state-of-the-art, current research can be grouped into four topics partly overlapping each other; questions concerning informatics, organisation theory, knowledge management, and design. Urgent issues for further research are identified as mainly belonging to the topics informatics and organisation theory; management and strategy, empowerment, further development processes, use, and roles. Findings from a study of five Swedish organisations show a need for identifying the philosophy of technology in the organisations in order to make an organisation’s view of technology common throughout the organisation. Furthermore, functions supporting daily work are lacking to a high degree. Further lacks and demands are identified, as well as potential functions and new possibilities. In the next section, the Philosophy of Technology is related to an Intranet. The discussion is based on a model which consists of the concepts Conception, Use, Technology, and Policy. Making the Philosophy of Technology common in organisations is connected to the empowerment of employees and is a guarantor, along with the influence of the VSM on the design, for the impact on and participation in the processes of an organisation. The next part deals with possible advantages of combining the cybernetic model, the Viable System Model, by Stafford Beer, and an Intranet. It is found that the VSM can support the design of Intranets according to essential functions such as Early Warning Systems connected to production units and levels that are to be made aware of undesired conditions in the organisation. Furthermore, functions for amplifying and attenuating information – both between parts of the organisation and between the organisation and the environment – are to be designed. Further examples of functions supporting the organisation, in order to make it viable, are given. The main contribution of the thesis is the identification of core functions in an Intranet as establishing functions for supervision (Early Warning Systems), attenuating and amplifying information between the organisation and the environment and between subparts in the organisation. Furthermore, the interface is to be designed so the underlying technology is “visible:” Where are the different parts of the Intranet located physically? Who delivers information to the different parts? Who uses the functions? Who is responsible? The transparency of the interface makes the philosophy of technology visible throughout the organisation; the concepts are the same, the actual use is the same as the intended use, and policy is active and well known and finally, the possibilities and the limitations with/inherent to an Intranet are known among the users.

    Finally, examples of further research are given – both as regards the implementation of Intranets based on the VSM design and as regards making the interface transparent.

  • 30.
    Nyström, Christina Amcoff
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Intranet in organisations - Meta Methodology and modelling2001In: Promote IT 2001: proceedings of Promotion of Research in IT at New Universitites and at University Colleges in Sweden, 2001, p. 6-8Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When designing information systems, there should exist a Model (including important criteria, questions to be answered) independent of the problem domain, including the early steps in systems development. The parts common for any type of information systems are what I call a Model for Idealized Design. When the designer has defined the specific goals, philosophy of technology, strategies etc identified in the Model, for the problem domain, he has to identify what is specific (characteristic) for the actual information system that is not common for other information system. These specific characteristics will be identified and specified with help of a Meta Method. My intention is to define this Model for Idealized Design and the Meta Method to specify the characteristics of information systems, with Intranet as the problem domain. The first step in the research will be a theoretical study of criteria for design and creativity, Than a feasibility study of Intranets to identify common problems with such design will be accomplished. Afterwards I will create the first version of the Model and the Meta Method to identify the specific characteristics. A first version of a specific method for Intranets will be developed using a virtual Toolbox, which also must be roughly identified and described. Than I will take part of some ongoing projects in organizations developing Intranets and iterative revise and refine the Model, Meta method and the Toolbox. The process to develop information systems shall be characterized of creativity – using creative techniques such as scenarios, brainstorming, techniques to value ideas etc.

  • 31.
    Nyström, Christina Amcoff
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Philosophy of Technology in Organisations - A foundation for Intranets2004In: Promote IT 2004: proceedings of the fourth Conference for the Promotion of Research in IT at New Universities and University Colleges in Sweden 5-7 May, 2004, Karlstad University, Sweden, Karlstad: Univ. , 2004, p. 446-457Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Philosophy of technology can serve as an aid in handling our mistrust and support for a new technological culture and increase our reflection upon technology. Development of technology must be influenced and controlled so it become understandable and human. We should as individuals at all levels develop a viable view of technology such as information systems in general and intranets in particular. In order to guarantee creation of human, flexible and adaptive intranets of high quality in the future, the philosophy of technology in organisations should be identified, made visible and shared. The intranet should be a common concern for all persons in an organisation due to shaping, further development and use. This paper covers different views of philosophy of technology with the CUT-P model as a starting point. This model represents the dynamic dependencies between Conception, Use, Technology and Policy. These parts are further refined and divided into sub parts where for example Use has been divided into actual use, desirable use, misuse, underuse and so on. The model is discussed related to intranet in common and a study of intranets in Swedish organizations carried out during 2002, in particular. The model can further developed and tested empirically, work as a tool in order to analyse and develop a sustainable view of technology in organisations.

  • 32.
    Nyström, Christina Amcoff
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Philosophy of Technology in organizations: A Foundation for Intranets2006In: Systems research and behavioral science, ISSN 1092-7026, E-ISSN 1099-1743, Vol. 23, no 6, p. 839-844Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research Note

  • 33.
    Nyström, Christina Amcoff
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Viable Intranets for Viable Organizations: Incentives for shared and common Intranets2007In: IRIS 30: Proceedings of the 30th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia August 11-14, 2007 Tampere Finland, Tampere, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract. The potentiality of the intranet concept, enabled by the empowerment of employees, is to a high degree missing in examples of successful implementation. Intranet implementation is not an end in itself. The purpose of this technology is to support an organisation. In order to make the organization viable, the intranet should be designed to support and facilitate interaction when sharing knowledge and communication throughout the organisation. This paper presents ideas to be considered when planning and designing an intranet in an organisation. These ideas are primarily based on the concept of empowerment and common making owing to the technology in use. First, making the view of the technology common can be carried out through the active use of Philosophy of Technology, here represented by the CUT-P model which shows the connections between conceptions, use, technology and policy. Second, ideas have been inspired by the Viable System Model. Corresponding functions in an intranet are presented in VSM terminology. Contributions can be divided into four paragraphs: Recommended functions based on VSM are suggested. Recommendations owing to completion of the policy with ideas how to work with the CUT-P model representing the Philosophy of Technology are presented. Furthermore, fundaments for 1) an implementation model according to functions and the corresponding changes in the organization, is recommended as well as 2) an interface model with the aim to develop the interface so the underlying technology is visible and the ideas of the VSM is �visible� in the interface.

  • 34.
    Nyström, Christina Amcoff
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Banck, Björn
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Intranet - a Threat or a Possibility? - State of the Art and Future Directions2002In: IRIS 25: proceedings of the 25st Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, 10 - 13 August, 2002, at Bautahøj, Denmark, Bautahøj, 2002Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we briefly present ongoing research related to Intranets in order to define shortcomings and needs for further research. The ongoing research mainly focuses on different aspects of: implementation, initiative, stakeholders, roles, and other organisational questions. A new Agenda is presented where some of the questions appearing in the state-of-the-art are categorized and presented as a suggestion for further research.

  • 35.
    Nyström, Christina Amcoff
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Nilsson, Per-Åke
    Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Attraktiv glesbygd1992Book (Other scientific)
    Abstract [sv]

    En studie om vilka faktorer som påverkar en livskraftig by i glesbygd. Ett exempel från Ottsjö by i Jämtlands län.

  • 36.
    Nyström, Christina
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Holmberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Löfstedt, Ulrica
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Öberg, Lena-Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Haftor, Darek
    Provincial Designer Design: A Creative Mix of Hard Restrictions and Soft Visions2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     In assessing a Swedish undergraduate study program in information systems development the proposition is put forward that a process oriented curricula could be a promising alternative to mainstream content based ones. By further stressing a user perspective, creativity, and systemic thinking, conditions are created for putting technology to its best possible use in its service of human needs.

     

     

     

  • 37.
    Nyström, Christina
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Löfstedt, Ulrica
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Kompetens och kompetensutvecklingsbehov inom teknisk information2008Report (Other academic)
  • 38.
    von Friedrich Grängsjö, Yvonne
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Dalborg, Cecilia
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Asproth, Viveca
    Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Nyström, Christina Amcoff
    Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Forskningsprojektet Arena för hållbar innovativ småföretagsutveckling: Samverkande i handling mellan akademi, företag och offentlig sektor2007Report (Other scientific)
    Abstract [sv]

    Arena för hållbar innovativ småföretagsutveckling är ett förstudieprojekt vars primära syfte är att undersöka förutsättningarna för ett interaktivt klimat och ett ömsesidigt kunskapsutbyte mellan Mittuniversitetet, företag och lokala beslutsfattare. Utgångspunkten i forskningsprojektet har varit föreställningen om att ett utökat samarbete mellan Mittuniversitetet, de små- och medelstora företagen (SMF) i regionen och lokala myndigheter har en positiv inverkan på regionens, företagens och studenternas utveckling. Forskningsfrågan har varit under vilka omständigheter samverkan kan stimuleras så att en dynamisk ekonomisk, social och ekologisk hållbar utveckling kan ske i småföretagarmiljö. Projektet har genom det handlingsinriktade arbetssätt som använts kunnat bidra till en ökad dialog och samverkan mellan aktörerna inom projektet. Projektet har även bidragit till ökade kontaktytor för projektdeltagarna och deras intressenter. Att generera enklare ingångar i forskarvärlden som gör det möjligt att snabbt hitta rätt forskare för att lösa aktuella process-, produktions- eller produktutvecklingsproblem har konstaterats vara ett område som behöver utvecklas betydligt. Rapportens avsikt är att belysa projektets interaktiva och handlingsinriktade metod samt att lyfta fram småföretagens uppfattning om vilka förutsättningar som påverkar hur samverkansprocesser kan stimuleras mellan Universitet och klusterlika småföretagsmiljöer.

  • 39.
    von Friedrichs Grängsjö, Yvonne
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Dalborg, Cecilia
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Asproth, Viveca
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Nyström, Christina Amcoff
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Arena för hållbar innovativ småföretagsutveckling: Samverkande i handling mellan akademi, företag och offentlig sektor2007In: HSS07: Högskolor och Samhälle i Samverkan, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Arena för hållbar innovativ småföretagsutveckling är ett förstudieprojekt vars primära syfte är att undersöka förutsättningarna för ett interaktivt klimat och ett ömsesidigt kunskapsutbyte mellan Mittuniversitetet, företag och lokala beslutsfattare. Utgångspunkten i forskningsprojektet har varit föreställningen om att ett utökat samarbete mellan Mittuniversitetet, de små- och medelstora företagen (SMF) i regionen och lokala myndigheter har en positiv inverkan på regionens, företagens och studenternas utveckling. Forskningsfrågan har varit, under vilka omständigheter samverkan kan stimuleras så att en dynamisk ekonomisk, social och ekologisk hållbar utveckling kan ske i småföretagarmiljö. Rapportens avsikt är att belysa det pågående projektets interaktiva och handlingsinriktade metod samt att lyfta fram småföretagens uppfattning om vilka omständigheter som påverkar hur samverkansprocesser kan stimuleras mellan universitet och klusterlika småföretagsmiljöer.

  • 40.
    von Friedrichs Grängsjö, Yvonne
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Dalborg, Cecilia
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Asproth, Viveca
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Nyström, Christina Amcoff
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Arena för hållbar innovativ småföretagsutveckling-Samverkande i handling mellan akademi, företag och offentlig sektor2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Arena för hållbar innovativ småföretagsutveckling är ett förstudieprojekt vars primära syfte är att undersöka förutsättningarna för ett interaktivt klimat och ett ömsesidigt kunskapsutbyte mellan Mittuniversitetet, företag och lokala beslutsfattare. Utgångspunkten i forskningsprojektet har varit föreställningen om att ett utökat samarbete mellan Mittuniversitetet, de små- och medelstora företagen (SMF) i regionen och lokala myndigheter har en positiv inverkan på regionens, företagens och studenternas utveckling. Forskningsfrågan har varit, under vilka omständigheter samverkan kan stimuleras så att en dynamisk ekonomisk, social och ekologisk hållbar utveckling kan ske i småföretagarmiljö. Rapportens avsikt är att belysa det pågående projektets interaktiva och handlingsinriktade metod samt att lyfta fram småföretagens uppfattning om vilka omständigheter som påverkar hur samverkansprocesser kan stimuleras mellan universitet och klusterlika småföretagsmiljöer.

  • 41.
    Öberg, Lena-Marie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Nyström, Christina Amcoff
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Evaluation of the level of collaboration in a regional crisis exercise setting: - the use of Community of Inquiry2016In: Proceedings of Information systems research seminar in Scandinavia (IRIS) 2016, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Planning for regional security and crisis management could be supported by well performed exercises. These exercises should be evaluated from different views in order to investigate the participants learning from the exercise. Since the evaluation seldom rest upon established learning theories it will be difficult to evaluate if the exercise will lead to the stated goals. Authorities in the counties of Jämtland and Västernorrland, intend to implement such exercise spring, 2016. The Theme for the exercise is “Flooding” - “Höga flöden” based on a scenario describing extremely high rainfall which could affect hydroelectric dams. The authorities should act and collaborate based on local crisis plans and how the scenario changes over time. We intend to use the Community of inquiry model when evaluating how the participants act, reflect and learn from the exercise. The Community of inquiry (CoI) model consists of three elements: social presence, cognitive presence and teaching presence. The model assumes that learning occurs within the Community through the interaction of this three core elements.  We intend to use a validated version of a survey instrument connected to the CoI model (Arbaugh et al, 2008). Hence, the aim of this paper is to propose an evaluation method to evaluate levels of communities in regional exercises.

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