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  • 1.
    Amcoff Nyström, Christina
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Asproth, Viveca
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Virtual Teams - Support for Technical Communication2013In: Journal of Organizational Transformation and Social Change, ISSN 1477-9633, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 87-103Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To work together in virtual teams has increasingly become a natural change

    in how organizations work. Due to demands from the environment,

    organizations have had to transform from traditional ways of working to

    becoming more flexible and adaptive. The aim of this article is to identify

    obstacles, problems, and presumptions in order to enable the virtual team to

    be successful. A project — The TIC-project — is described, and results from

    a study concerning collaboration and networking among companies within

    Technical Communication are presented. Results show that, to a great

    extent, experiences from networking are lacking. Furthermore, trust must be

    embedded in the teams, meaning that personal meetings must precede

    virtual meetings. Most interviewees declared a wish to collaborate despite

    being competitors. Finally, questions and topics for further research are

    presented.

  • 2.
    Amcoff Nyström, Christina
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Asproth, Viveca
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Persson Slumpi, Thomas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Olsson, Hanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Boundless collaboration: Distributed concurrent design in an inter-regional collaboration between emergency authorities2014In: Proceedings of the DESIGN 2014 13th International Design Conference / [ed] Marjanović, D.; Štorga, M.; Pavković, N.; Bojčetić, N., The Design Society, 2014, p. 1621-1630Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the article is to evaluate how Distributed Concurrent Design works during collaboration in a distributed system development project. We studied collaboration between emergency authorities in Sweden and Norway developing a demonstrator for emergency training. Evaluation criteria were people, processes, and tools. We have used a multi-method approach with the evaluation criterion as a lens. Findings has so far shown that distributed concurrent design works as a method in system development projects but much effort must be put on planning, management and training in available tools.

  • 3.
    Amcoff Nyström, Christina
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Olsson, Hanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Asproth, Viveca
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Assumptions for Distributed Concurrent Design and Decision Making2012In: Proceedings of International Design Conference, DESIGN / [ed] Marjanović D., Štorga M., Pavković N., Bojčetić N., Dubrovnik, Croatia, 2012, p. 543-550Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Asproth, Viveca
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    A Systemic Framework for Management in Inter-organizations2008In: Stafford Spirit Seminar, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Asproth, Viveca
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Challenges for the Future in an ICT Context: ...for Stig2011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Contents:

    Introduction Viveca Asproth 1

    Fear for Sustainability? A Simulation Study Markus Schwaninger 2

    Organisational Personality Maurice Yolles and Gerhard Fink 20

    Context‐dependent modelling and anticipation the other coin of 

    the system approach Miroljub Kljajić, Mirjana Kljajić Borštnar 61

    Systemic Information Logistics: A Direction for the Development 

    of an Emerging Field of Studies and Practice Darek M. Haftor 76

    IT and the new society ‐ from XML to Habermas Per Flensburg 103

    Loop or branch Per S Agrell 122

    Issues of emotion and usability of interactive artefacts in HCI Karl W Sandberg 127

    On journey with system thinkers ‐ Systems thinking in

    education and research, today and tomorrow Christina Amcoff Nyström 138

    Applying Synergy‐4 in Informatics Research – Some Reflections Erik Borglund, Thomas Persson, Lena‐Maria Öberg 151

    The Emergence of Service Oriented Architecture from a 

    Business Perspective Karin Ahlin 166

    Proposing Learner E‐dentity to social presence in digital spaces for learning

    Hanna Olsson 177

    Critical information and its implications Viveca Asproth 187

     

  • 6.
    Asproth, Viveca
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Critical Information and its implications2011In: Challenges for the future in an ICT context / [ed] Viveca Asproth, Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University , 2011, p. 187-194Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Asproth, Viveca
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Information Technology Challenges for the Long-term Preservation of Electronic Information2005In: International Journal of Public Information Systems, ISSN 1653-4360, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 27-37Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Information technology in combination with changes in organizational structures and forms for work has led to an increasing amount of information and also to totally new forms of information and records creation. Furthermore the e-government services, where the whole idea is to exchange information electronically, will speed up this development. A 10-year period is a long time when it comes to preserving electronic records. This is of course due to the rapid technological development, for example the problems with obsolete software and file formats. However, since archives are records of permanent and enduring value, it is essential that methods must be developed to ensure that digital records can be preserved for much longer time. Archival practice has for a long time been intertwined with information technology, dealing with the production, organization, storage, dissemination, and retrieval of records, using the technology at hand. This implies that the responsibility for research and development should lie upon researchers from both domains in collaboration. In this paper some problem domains of long-term preservation and how ongoing research matches these domains is presented. It seems clear that although much of the challenges associated with digital preservation is strategic, organizational, and structural and not only technical, the research concentrates at solving the technical issues.

  • 8.
    Asproth, Viveca
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Integrated information systems - a challenge for long-term digital preservation2007In: Interdisciplinary Journal of Information, Knowledge, and Management, ISSN 1555-1229, E-ISSN 1555-1237, Vol. 2, p. 89-98Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Information technology has led to that much of the information that earlier was produced on pa-per is now being produced in electronic form. The e-government services, where the whole idea is to exchange information electronically, will radically redirect paperbound information towards electronically generated and managed information and documents. Earlier on long-term preserva-tion was all about paper-bound documents containing content, context and format as well as the legal issues concerning the document, such as signatures and stamps. Although paper-bound documents still are of frequent use, the degree of digital information rapidly increases. Digital information is often compiled from different databases, where content, context, format and signa-tures can be separated and put together differently. The challenges associated with digital preser-vation are strategic, organizational and structural as well as technological. The aim of this paper is to present some challenges associated with digital preservation.

  • 9.
    Asproth, Viveca
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Inter-organizational learning for viable inter-organizations2007In: Eighth International Conference on Computing Anticipatory Systems (CASYS'07), Liège, Belgium, August 6-11, 2007, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To work against threats and to obtain new possibilities, new forms of inter-organizational collaborations are formed. Established models of organizational control are insufficient to cope with the management of such complex situations. In inter-organizations there is also a need to foresee and act upon future events. The management literature deals mainly with one single organization although aspects of collaborative processes are discussed. The human challenges of virtual team membership are: Creating effective team leadership; Managing conflict and global virtual teams dynamics; Developing trust and relationships; Understanding cross-cultural differences; Developing intercultural communication competence. Organizational learning is recommended as a tool to in the first place develop an intercultural communication competence, but also as a complement to learn more about each other. To develop organizational learning within an organization has shown to be successful. The question is how to transfer the concept to inter-organizations. The viability of an inter-organization is depending on the ability to work as a team, learn from each other and adapt to new situations. In this paper problems and possibilities with inter-organizational management and organizational learning are discussed.

  • 10.
    Asproth, Viveca
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Inter-organizational management and decision-making2006In: The Systemist, ISSN 0961-8309, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 4-12Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To work against threats and to obtain new possibilities, new forms of inter-organizational collaborations are formed. The management literature deals mainly with one single organization although aspects of collaborative processes are discussed. In this paper problems with inter-organizational management and decision-making are discussed. The conclusion is that some approaches that are successful in single organizations and seem to be promising for inter-organizations need to be further explored, like Warfield�s laws of complexity, systemic models for management and organizational learning.

  • 11.
    Asproth, Viveca
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Inter-organizational management and decision-making: UKSS 20062006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Asproth, Viveca
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Long Term Preservation of Electronic Information2007In: Sustaining Our Social and Natural Capital: Proceedings of the 12th Annual ANZSYS Conference, 3-6 December, 2006, Carrington Hotel, Katoomba, NSW Australia, Mansfield, Mass.: Springer, 2007, p. 521-526Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Information technology has lead to that much of the information that earlier was produced on paper is now being produced in electronic form. The e-government services, where the whole idea is to exchange information electronically, will radically redirect paperbound information towards electronically generated and managed information and documents. The challenges associated with digital preservation are strategic, organizational and structural as well as technological. In this paper some research directions connected to digital preservation are presented.

  • 13.
    Asproth, Viveca
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Long term preservation of electronic information2006In: Sustaining Our Social and Natural Capital: Proceedings of the 12th ANZSYS conference, 2006, p. 450-455Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Information technology has lead to that much of the information that earlier was produced on paper is now being produced in electronic form. The e-government services, where the whole idea is to exchange information electronically, will radically redirect paperbound information towards electronically generated and managed information and documents. The challenges associated with digital preservation are strategic, organizational and structural as well as technological. In this paper some research directions connected to digital preservation are presented.

  • 14.
    Asproth, Viveca
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Long term preservation of electronic information: a study of seven Swedish governmental organizations2007In: Advances in Information Systems Development, Vol 1 - NEW METHODS AND PRACTICE FOR THE NETWORKED SOCIETY, New York: Springer, 2007, p. 341-348Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Information technology in combination with changes in organizational structures and forms for work has led to an increasing amount of information and also to totally new forms of information and records creation. Much of the information that earlier was produced on paper is now being produced in electronic form, for example as e-mail and in databases. A 10-year period is a long time when it comes to preserving electronic records. This is of course due to the rapid technological development, for example the problems with obsolete software and file formats. Vitale functions in society such as the social insurance and national registration have to be accessible for long periods of time. Without authentic, accessible, searchable, and reliable records these functions in society are in fact impossible to maintain. There still remain a lot of problems to solve before secure and efficient long-term preservation will be brought about. Digital preservation requires, in addition to the technological development, elaborated strategies, new workflows and organizational structures, standards and common metadata, new specific competences, and close co-operation across different professional fields. Though many problems still remain to be solved, governmental as well as business

  • 15.
    Asproth, Viveca
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Long term preservation of electronic information: an anticipative approach2006In: EURO XXI: 21 st European Conference on Operational Research, 2-5 July, Reykjavik, Iceland., 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Information technology has lead to that much of the information that earlier was produced on paper is now being produced in electronic form. The e-government services, where the whole idea is to exchange information electronically, will radically redirect paperbound information towards electronically generated and managed information and documents. The challenges associated with digital preservation are strategic, organizational and structural as well as technological. In this paper some research directions connected to digital preservation are identified and discussed.

  • 16.
    Asproth, Viveca
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Organizational learning for viable inter-organizations2009In: International Journal of Computing Anticipatory Systems, ISSN 1373-5411, Vol. 20, p. 95-105Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Asproth, Viveca
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Organizational learning in inter-organizations2007In: PROCEEDINGS OF THE 4TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL, KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT AND ORGANISATIONAL LEARNING, 2007, p. 37-43Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To work against threats and to obtain new possibilities, new forms of inter-organizational collaborations are formed. Established models of organizational control are insufficient to cope with the management of such complex situations. In inter-organizations there is also a need to foresee and act upon future events. The management literature deals mainly with one single organization although aspects of collaborative processes are discussed. The human challenges of virtual team membership are: Creating effective team leadership; Managing conflict and global virtual teams dynamics; Developing trust and relationships; Understanding cross-cultural differences; Developing intercultural communication competence. Organizational learning is recommended as a tool to in the first place develop an intercultural communication competence, but also as a complement to learn more about each other. To develop organizational learning within an organization has shown to be successful. The question is how to transfer the concept to inter-organizations. The viability of an inter-organization is depending on the ability to work as a team, learn from each other and adapt to new situations. To maintain and develop the knowledge and to prevent conflicts and misunderstanding organizational learning is an excellent approach. New or adapted models suited for inter-organizations needs to be produced. In this paper problems and possibilities with inter-organizational management and organizational learning are discussed.

  • 18.
    Asproth, Viveca
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Team syntegrity as a complementary method for requirements analysis2010In: The International Multi-Conference on Complexity, Informatics and Cybernetics, International Institute of Informatics and Systemics, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When developing complex system and systems that will work in a complex situation, or a complex environment, there is an enhanced problem to capture the information needed. It is critical that the system provides the users with as relevant information as possible. The traditional ways to capture information and to involve the users may sometimes be insufficient. All aspects of the intended system may be hard to capture and there might also be a problem to bring different opinions of what is important into line with each other.

    Team Syntegrity is a new process methodology developed by the management cybernetics Stafford Beer to stimulate collaboration and incite cross fertilization and creativity. The driving force behind the development of syntegration was to provide a structure for holding purposeful conversations which would be non-hierarchical and democratic but would be contained and not dissipate their energy or insights.

    As a way to catch what should be included in a complex system and to join possible split pictures that are present, Team Syntegrity could be a helpful complementary tool. In this paper the possibilities with using Team Syntegrity in preparation for the development of a complex system is presented. As an example a system for training for crisis situations is used.

  • 19.
    Asproth, Viveca
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    The CSL-tool: A Prototype for Handling Cross System Considerations in Spatial Decision making2000In: Proceedings of the World Congress of the Systems Sciences in conjunction with 44th Annual Meeting of the International Society for the Systems Sciences, Ryerson Polytechnical University, Toronto, Toronto, 2000Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Asproth, Viveca
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    The Viable Systems Model and Inter-organizations2011In: Journal of Organisational Transformation and Social Change, ISSN 1477-9633, E-ISSN 2040-056X, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 73-81Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Asproth, Viveca
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    The Viable Systems Model and Inter-organizations2007In: Metaphorum 2007 Conference: March 9th and 10th 2007, University of St Gallen, Switzerland, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To work against threats and to obtain new possibilities, new forms of inter-organizational collaborations are formed. The management literature deals mainly with one single organization although aspects of collaborative processes are discussed. In this paper problems with inter-organizational management and decision-making are discussed. In this paper the possibilities and the limits of using the Viable System Model (VSM) for diagnosing and design of inter-organizations are discussed. The conclusion is that VSM seems to be promising but further evaluation must be performed. Organizational learning and negotiation support systems are approaches that should be used in inter-organizational management.

  • 22.
    Asproth, Viveca
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Training for Emergency Situations2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In large scale crisis in the region close to the border between two countries,

    there is a need for collaboration between the countries. Awareness

    and preparedness are identified as being of paramount importance

    for the security level in geographical regions. Hence, there is a great

    need for new and innovative training and preparation tools. The GSS

    project aims to increase the efficiency in emergency response, and crisis

    management in the Mid-Scandinavia region. The paper presents

    tentative results on communication patterns change with help of simulation

    and training.

  • 23.
    Asproth, Viveca
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Transforming Tourist Systems by Systemic Artefacts2003In: Proceedings of the 47th Annual Conference of the International Society for the Systems Sciences, 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tourist systems, including marketing of, transportation to and events in a well integrated tourist region, are facing new challenges due to, among other things, changes in peoples life styles, that makes people wanting more information and adventure. Improvements of information technology makes it possible to provide new kinds of information systems as well as new adventures based on technology. For example, in addition to or in stead of advertising leaflets, 3D Internetbased services that mediates what you are going to experience, a feeling of presence at the tourist resort already when entering the transportation system, clothes and equipment with some intelligence. However, in order to implement this new type of tech adventure services, a set of problems and hindrances are to be overcome. We must, for example, find solutions for people with disabilities and we must find simple and usable solutions for the integrity and security problems. Further, this is not only a technical problem. Seen in a systemic way, technological changes must be balanced with changes in human competence, organisational structures and procedures and, at last, changes in organisational culture and doctrines.

  • 24.
    Asproth, Viveca
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Visualization of data quality in decision-support systems2007In: International journal of applied systematic studies (IJASS), ISSN 1751-0597, Vol. 1, no 3, p. 280-289Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When designing a decision-support system, much effort is made to find the best fitting models and to examine which data to include and which algorithms to use. However, the error propagation involved in poor data quality can deteriorate dramatically the accuracy of the output results. The user of the system is often unaware of the weaknesses and deficiencies in data quality. In this paper, analysis and evaluation of data quality is discussed. Further, the paper introduces visualisation aids into the system to help augment our awareness of the underlying data quality in decision-support systems and guide our focus of attention.

  • 25.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Amcoff Nyström, Christina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Olsson, Hanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Persson Slumpi, Thomas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Distributed concurrent design in system development projects2012In: IRIS 35/SCIS2012 – DESIGNING THE INTERACTIVE SOCIETY, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Borglund, Erik AM
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Samuelsson, Göran
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Öberg, Lena-Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    E-tjänstens framtida historia: Informationsbevarande, ett bortglömt ansvarsområde?2010In: Förvaltning och medborgarskap i förändring / [ed] Lindblad-Gidlund, K; Ekelin, A; Eriksén, S; Ranerup, A., Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2010, 1:1, p. 167-184Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Innehåll: Inledning, Svensk offentlighetslagstriftning, Den komplexa och integrerade e-tjänsten - bakgrund och definition, Problemområden, Ansvarsfrågan, Informationens kvalitet över tid, Andvändaren / medborgaren, rekommendationer, Proaktivitet, Avslutning.

  • 27.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information and Communication systems.
    Borglund, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ekker, Knut
    Högskolan i Nord Tröndelag.
    Holand, Svare Ivar
    Högskolan i Nord Tröndelag.
    Holmberg, Stig C
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information and Communication systems.
    Öberg, Lena-Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information and Communication systems.
    Nygård, Ståle Andre
    Högskolan i Nord Tröndelag.
    Skevik, Trond Olav
    Högskolan i Nord Tröndelag.
    Sund, Torgrim
    Högskolan i Nord Tröndelag.
    Rapport från GSS: Gränsöverskridande samarbete för säkerhet2014Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The GSS project (Gaining SecuritySymbiosis) aimed at contributing towards increased security and quality of life for inhabitants and visitors of the border region of the middle part of Sweden and Norway. Within this goal the project also aimed at increasing the likelihood of saving livesand reducing threats to the environment and material assets. GSS focuses on providing the information and knowledge required in emergency and crisis situations. GSS emphasizes preparatory activities. The cross-border value added by the project has several dimensions: •It increases understanding, trust and cooperation between emergency personnel on both sides of the border.•Authorities with responsibility for security establish long-term institutional partnership with respect to security and crisis management.•The attractiveness of the border region increases due to enhanced securityand improved crisis management.•The mutual knowledge and understanding regarding the situation across the national border increases among project participantsThe project has implemented three yearly cycles of training consisting of building a scenario, training in handling a crisis situation and evaluation. The results from the evaluation have provided the foundation for the next year cycle. The project also developed a training system across these three cycles. The training system includes a scenario bank, training exercises and support, play-back function and an evaluation module including statistical functions. The evaluations from these training sessions are included in a separate appendix. The first training session was conducted as a table-top exercise at the Border Rescue Council meeting in 2011. The other two training sessions were designed in order to allow the participants to sit at their respective workplaces and communicating with the other participants partly through traditional communications channels and through the training system. The training sessions were then discussed in the subsequent Border Rescue Council meetings. By accessing the scenarios and exercises in the training system the participants from the various rescue teams took part in the training sessions.The project results show that there is a great need for this kind of training. The participating organizations express that the training sessions havebeen very instructive and that participants have gained new contacts or developed the contacts that were already established. The results also show that participants have directly benefited from the project during real emergency events. The project costshave amounted to approximately 3,2 SEK and just under 2,5 NOK. Expenses have primarily consisted of the working hours of partners and to some extent travel expenses. The travel expenses have been reduced by the frequent use of distance communication technologies instead of physical meetings.

  • 28.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Borglund, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Archives and Computer Science.
    Öberg, Lena-Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Training exercises for crisis management training in intra-organizational settings2013In: ISCRAM 2013 Conference Proceedings - 10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management / [ed] T. Comes, F. Fiedrich, S. Fortier, J. Geldermann and T. Müller, KIT Publishers, 2013, p. 105-109Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article the focus is how to train collaboration and communication between emergency authorities in two countries (Norway and Sweden) by using a web-based tool supporting tabletop like exercises. The exercises are accomplished in three steps: Scenario design; exercise design and realization; and evaluation to examine the results of the exercises and for feedback to new scenario designs. The software ties all three steps together. The process is iterative, and involves users from each emergency authority. The preliminary results after two years show that the approach is promising. To be able to better foresee what will happen during an exercise the need for a simulator has appeared as one desirable and possible direction for further research.

  • 29.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Ekker, Knut
    Högskolan i Nord-Tröndelag, Norge.
    Holmberg, Stig C.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Debriefing with R-statistics and support for System Dynamics Modeling of Inter Regional Security2013In: Proceedings of IADIS International Conference  e-Society 2013, IADIS Press, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents data from an emergency management exercise conducted in May 2011 with participants from emergency teams in Norway and Sweden. Software was developed specifically for the tabletop exercise in which a web-based presentation of the events of the emergency scenario allowed detailed recording of the communication among the teams both within and between the two countries. The communication messages were used to analyze who communicated with whom, how often and with what kind of information about the emergency event. The R-statistics open source package allowed analysis of the data for the debriefing session following the training session. A social network analysis model is planned as input to a system dynamics model. Data from 13 discrete events in the tabletop simulation will provide input to the system dynamics model in order to visualize communication patterns between emergency teams both within each country and across the border.

  • 30.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Ekker, Knut
    Nord Trondelag University College, Steinkjer, Norway .
    Holmberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    NLS:A Reflection Support System for Increased Inter-Regional Security2014In: International Journal of Information Technologies and Systems Approach, ISSN 1935-570X, E-ISSN 1935-5718, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 62-84Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cooperation across national borders is of paramount importance for the security in border close regions. Timely and adequate training, reflection, and preparation are core tools for facilitating and stimulating such interregional cooperation. Hence, NetAgora, a service oriented web portal for security cooperation, was designed. In NetAgora there is first a service package with accident- and emergency scenarios. Here multi-actors can train their cooperation and decision making skills. The R-statistics open source package is applied for recording and analyzing data from those training occasions. In subsequent debriefing sessions this is used for post-learning. Further, from anticipatory modeling and simulation it is found that rescue operations are delayed and misguided due to shortcomings in the communication between security command and communication centers. Hence, the NetAgora Learning System is designed and prototyped in order to overcome that problem. It will facilitate and stimulate reflection in action and double loop learning and aims at improving communication patterns by anticipatory pre-learning.

  • 31.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Holmberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Simulated decision learning in a multiactor setting2009In: 23rd European Conference on Operational Research, 2009, p. 214-214Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Holmberg, Stig C.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Applying Anticipatory Computing in System Dynamics2001In: Computing anticipatory systems: CASYS 2000, fourth international conference, Liège, Belgium, 7-12 August 2000, Melville, N.Y: American Institute of Physics , 2001, p. 578-589Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A traditional System Dynamics Model is compared with an Anticipatory Soft Computing Approach. A system for control and management of water resources and hydro electrical power stations is used as a real world test case. The System Dynamics Model is easily developed and run with help of commercial, special purpose modelling and simulation software. The resulting model increases understanding and generates new insights. Its lack of anticipatory power, however, makes the control task difficult. With the anticipatory approach, on the other hand, the control becomes more effective even if the modelling and model complexity increases rapidly than applied on a reasonable big and realistic real world case. Strong Anticipation, as compared to the more traditional Weak Anticipation, has proved itself to have many interesting and powerful properties.

  • 33.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Holmberg, Stig C.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Creative Anticipatory Spatial Modelling for Intra Regional Simulation2004In: COMPUTING ANTICIPATORY SYSTEMS / [ed] Dubois, DM, Mellville, N.Y: American Institute of Physics , 2004, p. 533-543Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Current models and tools for support in spatial intra regional design, planning, and management may generally be judged as being too descriptive and too reactive. Hence, due to their rigidity and focusing on system history, they have severe shortcomings in guiding decision-makers in current decision situations, which are characterized by increasingly high degrees of uncertainty, unperceptibility, and change. Therefore, in order to improve the conditions for decision-makers, a conceptual design of a new tool, the MAP-tool, for support in such work is presented. MAP is designed around the conceptual integration of anticipatory modelling and computing, multi modal system modelling, soft computing, and spatial modelling and computing

  • 34.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Holmberg, Stig C
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Multi modal anticipation in fuzzy space2006In: AIP Conference Proceedings, New York: American Institute of Physics , 2006, Vol. 839, p. 442-452Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We are all stakeholders in the geographical space, which makes up our common living and activity space. This means that a careful, creative, and anticipatory planning, design, and management of that space will be of paramount importance for our sustained life on earth. Here it is shown that the quality of such planning could be significantly increased with help of a computer based modelling and simulation support tool. Further, the design and implementation of such a tool ought to be guided by the conceptual integration of some core concepts like anticipation and retardation, multi modal system modelling, fuzzy space modelling and simulation, and multi actor interaction.

  • 35.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Holmberg, Stig C.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    NLS: The NetAgoraLearning System2013In: Advances in Simulation-Based Decision Support & Business Intelligence, Vol. 3, p. 11-15Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Holmberg, Stig C
    Håkansson, Anita
    SimReg: System Dynamics Simulation of Interregional Risk Management2012In: ESM'2012 The 2012 European Simulation and Modelling Conference: Modelling and Simulation 2012 / [ed] Klumpp, Mattias, Essen: Eurosis , 2012, p. 185-191Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Holmberg, Stig C.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Soft Spatial Decision Support2002In: IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems, Piscataway, New Jersey: IEEE , 2002, Vol. 2, p. 1274-1279Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Decisions in planning and design of spatial systems express an extra high complexity, dimensionality, and uncertainty. Hence, such decisions are best supported by fuzzy visualisation of the involved variables and their interdependencies. With this approach a fuzzy man-machine system is proposed for spatial negotiations

  • 38.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Holmberg, Stig C
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Löfstedt, Ulrica
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Simulated Decision Learning in a Multiactor Setting2010In: Organizacija, ISSN 1318-5454, Vol. 43, no 3, p. 136-145Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The idea of decision analysis-and subsequent learning from the outcomes-is old within Operational Research. Here this approach to continuous improvement of decision outcomes is put one step further within the area of crisis and disaster management. This is done by introducing multiactors making simultaneous decisions with just partial information about each other. Further, decision outcomes are achieved from a simulation model rather than from the real object system.

  • 39.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Holmberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Complexity Challenges of Regional Planning and Design: Paper presented at the 11th Annual ANZSYS Conference/Managing the Complex, Christchurch, December 5 - 7, 2005.2005Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Spatial planning, i.e. planning and design of our common geographical space, is normally supported by different types of computerised planning tools. Today those tools, however, are porely fitted to meet the complexity challenges of spatial planning. Here it is found that the spatial complexity is a multidimensional super complexity. Main dimen-sions are Actor and Negotiation Complexity, Process and Structure Complexity, Space Com-plexity, Using Complexity, and Tools Complexity. However, complexity research has already produced a range of conceptual tools. With help of the Spatial Complexity Model it is demonstrated in what way those tools may be used to cope with the complexity challenges, i.e. the complexity dimensions, of spatial planning. Hence, by using the Spatial Complexity Model as a launching platform for the design of future support tools the expectations for a better complexity handling ability in spatial planning will increase.

  • 40.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Holmberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Decision Support for Spatial Planning and Management of Human Settlements1999In: Advances in support systems research Vol V: Decision support methodology for human systems management and its applications in economics and commerce, Winsor, Ontario, Canada: International Institute for Advanced Studies in Systems Research and Cybernetics , 1999, Vol. V, p. 30-39Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Holmberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Decision support functions embedded in GIS2001In: Nordic GIS Conference in Helsinki, 8-10 october 2001, 2001Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The value of any GIS will be greatly improved if embedded with a proper decision support. In this way it will be possible to have the GIS supporting in complex and tricky, multi criteria decisions regarding for example the best localization of new constructions and activities. The common way of doing this is by help of overlays, one overlay for each criteria or variable of importance for the decision. This procedure, however, has already proven itself to have severe drawbacks as it is restricted to the binary rule of a logical AND operation. In this way an infinitesimal failure in one criterion may rule out an otherwise perfect alternative. With an approach based on Fuzzy Logic and Soft Computing, on the other hand, both trade offs between variables and flexible AND-OR rules may be put to use. The so called OWA-procedure is demonstrated to meet those criteria common in real life situations. However, OWA does not solve all problems and further requirements on a spatial decision support are identified.

  • 42.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Holmberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Löfstedt, Ulrica
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    SYNCOM, A Tool for Competence Management2014In: Proceedingsof the e-Skills for Knowledge Production and Innovation Conference 2014, Cape Town, 2014, p. 39-48Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses the issue of competence management in companies in the branch of Technical Communication. The problems these companies deal with concerns lack of specific education, more complex products, and a rapid change in how technical information is produced. Due to the rapid change the companies also need to be proactive and steer towards a desired future state. A design of a tool, SYNCOM, for competence management in modern high technology companies is presented. The tool is developed during a process based in idealized design.  SYNCOM constitutes of a group of systemic models and techniques for competence management and competence development that has been used in earlier projects. The SYNCOM Tool presented is a general tool aiming to be a model for organizations. Implementation of the tool will require adjustments and adaptation to the specific organizations. The SYNCOM Tool has not yet been tested as a tool in any organization. The systemic models and techniques for competence management and competence development have been tested with good results in earlier projects where they in form of prototypes have been tested and verified.

  • 43.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Holmberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Löfstedt, Ulrica
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Öberg, Lena-Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Dubois, Daniel
    University of Liège.
    Anticipatory Modeling andSimulation for Inter RegionalSecurity2013In: Systems. connecting matter, life, culture and technology, ISSN 2305-6991, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 21-35Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The idea of anticipatory modeling and simulation with subsequent learning from the outcomes is here applied on inter-regional security work. In this setting, multi-actors have to both cooperate and make coordinated decisions with just partial information about each other. With help of netAgora, a net based environment for simulation, learning, and communication, the goal of training, preparedness and continuous improvement of decisions is met.

  • 44.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Holmberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Nyström, Christina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Soft Early Warning for Regional Security2014In: International Journal of Computing Anticipatory Systems, ISSN 1373-5411, Vol. 30, p. 191-198Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we will discuss security in functional regions that are divided between twoor more nations. Awareness and preparation requires some sort of warning mechanismmaking it possible for the people in the region to become aware and to preparethemselves for upcoming emergency situations. As both the disaster indicators and thecrisis to come are both fuzzy and unknown, we will speak about Soft Early WarningSystems (SEWS). In SEWS each individual living in a region will act as a networkedhuman anticipatory emergency sensor and actor. Our conception of such a regionalsecurity SEWS is given in the form of an idealised design called the netAgora portal.After discussing the broad lines of the netAgora design this paper will be focusing onthe key role anticipatory modelling and simulation may play in a tool for developing aSEWS capacity for handling transnational complex emergencies and disasters.

  • 45.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Holmberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Nyström, Christina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Soft Early Warning for Regional Security2010In: 24th European Conference on Operational Research, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Holmberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Nyström, Christina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Soft Early Warning for Regional Security2011In: Casys'11: Tenth International Conference on Computing Anticipatory Systems / [ed] Daniel M. Dubois, Liége: CAOS , 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 47.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Holmberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Öberg, Lena-Marie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Product Information, a new IS Research Area2008In: IRIS 31, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    A decision support procedure in physical planning based on fuzzy logic modelling2004In: NAFIPS 2004: 2004 Annual Meeting of the North American Fuzzy Information Processing Society, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE , 2004, p. 163-168Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to enhance the possibility of making a good decision in complex decision situations concerning localisation of the most suitable physical position for an activity or a building. This will be accomplished by integration of the three procedures, CFD-Tool (Continuous Fuzzy Decision Management Tool), the MAD-Tool (Multi-Actor Decision Management Tool) and the CSL-Tool (Cross System Level Decision Tool), Where all three methods using a fuzzy approach. The result is the FAS procedure, a procedure that handles the problems mentioned above with a fuzzy approach. The FAS-procedure is also the starting point of a computer based decision support for physical planning

  • 49.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Complexity Challenges of critical situations caused by flooding2005In: System thinking and complexity science: proceedings of the 11th ANZSYS/Managing the Complex V Conference (held in Christchurch, New Zealand, 5th-7th December, 2005), 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In case of flooding many authorities and organizations become involved and there is a problem to take in the whole situation and have a common picture when many incidents happen at the same time. There is also a lack of efficient tools showing critical buildings and constructions in combination with actual and forecasted water-levels. When handling critical situations we are facing challenges of complexity, uncertainty, and unpredictability. Such management- and decision activities are normally supported by some kind of models and support tools. However, complexity is normally not explicitly addressed in such models and tools. In this paper we analyse and discuss different kinds of complexity, which are a challenge in critical situations caused by flooding.

  • 50.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Håkansson, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Complexity challenges of critical situations caused by flooding2007In: Emergence, ISSN 1521-3250, E-ISSN 1532-7000, Vol. 9, no 1-2, p. 34-39Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In case of flooding many authorities and organizations become involved and there is a problem to take in the whole situation and have a common picture when many incidents happen at the same time. There is also a lack of efficient tools showing critical buildings and constructions in combination with actual and forecasted water-levels. When handling critical situations we are facing challenges of complexity, uncertainty, and unpredictability. Such management- and decision activities are normally supported by some kind of models and support tools. However, complexity is normally not explicitly addressed in such models and tools. In this paper we analyse and discuss different kinds of complexity, which are a challenge in critical situations caused by flooding.

12 1 - 50 of 83
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