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  • 1.
    Carlsson, Catharina
    et al.
    Department of Social Work, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden .
    Nilsson Ranta, Daniel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Traeen, Benta
    Department of Psychology, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway .
    Mentalizing and Emotional Labor Facilitate Equine-Assisted Social Work with Self-harming Adolescents2015In: Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, ISSN 0738-0151, E-ISSN 1573-2797, Vol. 32, no 4, p. 329-339Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores equine-assisted social work (EASW). Horses' capacities to mirror human emotions create possibilities for authentic relationships between clients and staff. This study examines what eases or counteracts the horse's capacity to facilitate relationships perceived by humans to be authentic. Video recordings of the human-horse interactions of three staff members and four female self-harming clients aged 15–21 years in a residential treatment facility were analyzed. The findings show that if the staff gave instructions and advice similar to traditional equestrian sports in combination with viewing the horse as an object, EASW is not facilitated. EASW seems to be facilitated when the horse is perceived as a subject by both staff and clients, provided that the staff gave meaning to the horse's behavior. The staff needed to highlight empathy for the horse when the horse is not able to fulfill its task without adding depth to the client's performance, to avoid raising defense mechanisms. The essence of EASW were perceived as eased by staff members when they focus on the client's emotions and help the client understand that the horse is acting in response to the client's and the staff's behavior through mentalizing and enacting emotional labor in regarding the horse as a subject. The results indicate the need for higher demands on staff members in order to facilitate EASW. Depending on whether the staff and the clients focus on performance or on emotions, different positive or negative outcomes on communication, self-confidence, self-esteem, and self-image will be likely to emerge.

  • 2.
    Carlsson, Catharina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University.
    Nilsson Ranta, Daniel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work. Mid Sweden University.
    Traeen, Bente
    University of Oslo.
    Equine assisted social work as a mean for authentic relations between clients and staff2014In: Human-animal interaction bulletin, ISSN 0123-4560, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 19-38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to explore, by qualitative methods, the meaning of equine-assisted social work (EASW) both to young women with self-harm problems and their staff in residential treatment. Data were collected by in-depth interviews with eight staff members and nine clients. Human-horse interaction was observed subsequentlyin three of the staff and four of the clients. Based on the narratives of the staff members and the clients, who agreed, the horse's ability to read human emotions made the staff and clients aware of their own emotions. In order not to alienate the horse or make the situation dangerous, which intensified their sense of being in the present, both the clients and staff had to regulate their emotions. As a result the resistance for change decreased, made the participants more likely to regulate their emotionsand change behavior rather than avoid the situation or the information. The horse seemed to set the framework for the interaction between the staff and young women. The fact that even the staff could fail in the interaction with the horse, affected the interaction between staff and clients making it more informal and dynamic. A relationship based on empathy, trust, respect and negotiation, where clients shared private matters, resulted in the perception of a more authentic relationship.Further research isneeded to see which conditions are favourable for achieving an authentic relationship and which conditions possibly fail.

  • 3.
    Nilsson Ranta, Daniel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Den alltför bildade: om en tornedalsflicka på arbetsstuga2013In: Usla, elända och arma: samhällets utsatta under 700 år / [ed] Sofia Holmlund & Annika Sandén, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2013, p. 274-292Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Nilsson-Ranta, Daniel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    A Thousand years in Lapland2014In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 134, no 2, p. 303-304Article, book review (Other academic)
1 - 4 of 4
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