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  • 1.
    Zimic, Sheila
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information and Communication systems.
    Internetgenerationen bit för bit: Representationer av IT och ungdom i ett informationssamhälle2014Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to gain a deeper understanding in relation to the construction of a ‘Net Generation’. With regards to the idea of an information society, technologies and young people are given certain positions, which are not in any sense natural but are socially constructed. This thesis explores these socially given meanings and shows what types of meanings are prioritized and legitimized. The exploration is conducted by examining, both externally and internally, given meanings of a generation identity. The external (nominal identification) in this study is understood as the construction of an abstract user and is studied by means of academic texts concerning the ‘Net Generation’. The internal (virtual identification) involves young people’s construction of their generation identity and is studied by means of collage. The collages are used to understand how the young participants position themselves in contemporary society and how they, as concrete users, articulate their relationship with information technologies.

     

    The findings show that the ‘type of behavior’ which is articulated in the signifying practice of the construction of the abstract user, ‘Net Generation’, reduces users and technology to a marketing / economical discourse. In addition the idea of the abstract user implies that all users have the same possibilities to achieve ‘success’ in the information society, by being active ‘prosumers’. The concrete users articulate that they feel stressed and pressured in relation to all the choices that they are expected to make. In this sense, the participants do not articulate the (economical) interests as assumed for the ‘Net Generation’, but, rather articulate interests to play, to have a hobby and be social when using information technologies.

     

    What this thesis thus proposes, is to critically explore the ‘taken for granted’ notions of a technological order in society as pertaining to young people. Only if we understand how socially given meaning is constructed can we break loose from the temporarily prioritized values to which the position of technology and users are fixed.

  • 2.
    Zimic, Sheila
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Not so ‘techno-savvy’: Challenging the stereotypical images of the ‘Net generation’2009In: Digital Culture & Education, ISSN 1836-8301, E-ISSN 1836-8301, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 129-144Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is often argued that young people growing up in the presence of the Internet and new media are ‘techno savvy’. They are often distinguished as a new generation because of their relationship with new media,which is assumed to be considerably different, in comparison, to older generations. This new generation has also been characterized as the ‘Net generation’ (Tapscott, 1998). However the stereotypical images of ‘net geners’—being technologically savvy—have rarely been questioned. This article aims at nuancing these images with the objective of exploring the stereotypical images, rather than proving if the images are true or false. By using a statistical representative study of Swedish people’s Internet behaviour and linking the results to an analytical frame of Internet skills, the question, “what is it young people know when it comes to the Internet use and how is it related to the stereotypical image of the ´Net generation’?” is explored. The main findings suggest that various Internet activities differ by age and few activities could be ascribed solely to the so-called ‘Net generation’.

     

  • 3.
    Zimic, Sheila
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    OPENING THE BOX: Exploring the presumptions about the 'Net Generation'2010Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There are many names or labels which refer to the generation growing up with digital media and these include labels such as ‘Net Generation’ (Tapscott, 1998), ‘digital natives’ (Prensky, 2001), ‘cyberkids’ (Holloway, 2003) and ‘MySpacegeneration’ (Rosen, 2008). The core idea behind these labels is that young people who have grown up surrounded by digital technology are very different to previous generations in their way of using and even thinking about the new digital technology. This appears to be reinforcing a generational divide and makes the assumption that young people can be categorized into one group in relation to their use of ICTs. The approach in this thesis is to empirically explore, in order to nuance, some of these presumptions about the ‘Net Generation’ (defined according to Tapscott). Thus, the research question is: How can the presumptions about the ‘Net Generation’ be nuanced?

    The following three presumptions have been explored within the three papers included in the thesis: i) The ‘Net Generation’ diverges from previous generations in relation to the use of internet; ii) The ‘Net Generation’ is techno-savvy or digitally competent; iii) The digitally competent ‘Net Geners’ are also digital participants since there is a causal relationship between digital competence and digital participation. The explorations are conducted by using the theoretical concepts ‘digital skills’, ‘self-efficacy’ and ‘participatory culture’. Several hypotheses,deduced from previous research, have been tested on a national representative sample of people born between the years 1978 and 1997 (categorised as the ‘Net Generation’). The results show that ‘Net Geners’ internet usage is diversified;hence, it is simplified to talk about them as a homogeneous group. Those included in the categorisation have different opportunities to participate in the digital society. Their internet usage differs both in terms of how much time they spend and what they do online. Their digital skills and self-efficacy in the use of computers are also different and so is the perceived feeling of participation in the information society. This implies that the ‘Net Geners’ do not have equal conditions in relation to participation in the digital society. However, what is meant by participation is still an unresolved question which requires further exploration.

  • 4.
    Zimic, Sheila
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Predicting the participation in information society2011In: Interactive Media Use and Youth: Learning, Knowledge Exchange and Behavior, IGI Global, 2011, p. 207-221Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The approach in this chapter is to recognize what is said to be important regarding the feeling of participation in the information society. The perceived feeling of participation is assumed to be an important indicator for young people's online experiences. In previous research, digital skills and other related concepts such as self-efficacy and a relationship with technology are shown to be important in order to be able to participate in the information society. In this case, there is an exploration into the amount that social factors, digital skills, self-efficacy and a relationship with technology are able to explain the variance in perceived feelings regarding participation. It has been determined that education, selfefficacy, instrumental computer skills, information skills and strategic skills can explain 22 percent of the variance in the perceived feeling of participation. This implies that young people themselves might define other factors as being more important with regards to participation in the information society.

  • 5.
    Zimic, Sheila
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Systems and Technology.
    Unga, Internet och idén om samhällets förändring: En kritisk reflektion över ålderskategoriseringar2017In: Introduktion till kritiska åldersstudier / [ed] Clary Crekula, Barbro Johansson, Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, 1, p. 51-64Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Zimic, Sheila
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Dalin, Rolf
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    ACTUAL AND PERCEIVED ONLINE PARTICIPATION AMONG YOUNG PEOPLE IN SWEDEN2011In: Deconstructing Digital Natives: Young People, Technology, and the New Literacies / [ed] Thomas, M, London: Routledge, 2011, p. 137-150Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Zimic, Sheila
    et al.
    Västernorrland County, R&D Unit.
    Dalin, Rolf
    Västernorrland County, R&D Unit.
    Systematical Follow-up in Social Work Practices2016In: Computers & society, ISSN 0095-2737, E-ISSN 2167-3055, Vol. 45, no 3, p. 159-166Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we explore the meaning of a specific follow-up system in different social work practices. We want to gain understanding about if the system can be an empowering tool for the practitioners to learn in their professional work. We interviewed four practitioners in different teams in order to find out how they describe the follow-up system as a tool, how they describe the knowledge they produce with help of it and what this means to them.

    We have found that the practitioners describe the tool as an easy way to present results which are often described as 'facts'. The teams mainly use their specific follow-ups to present their work to others and in relation to that the tool serves a purpose for the team to gain credibility and be considered as professional. Their use can be understood in light of Evidence Based Practice and performance measurement as a discourse which sets limits and have effects on professional learning.

  • 8.
    Zimic, Sheila
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information and Communication systems.
    Giritli Nygren, Katarina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Visual representations 'the young generation' from the standpoint of young girls2015In: Being young in neoliberal time: challenges and possibilities for resistance and social change. / [ed] Katja Gillander Gådin and Claudia Mitchell, Mid Sweden University , 2015Chapter in book (Refereed)
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