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  • 1.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Haller, Stefan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Hummelgård, Magnus
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Sidén, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Hummelgård, Christine
    Acreo Swedish ICT AB.
    Olin, Håkan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Nilsson, Hans-Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Assembling surface mounted components on ink-jet printed double sided paper circuit board2014In: Nanotechnology, ISSN 0957-4484, E-ISSN 1361-6528, Vol. 25, p. Art. no. 094002-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Printed electronics is a rapidly developing field where many components can already be manufactured on flexible substrates by printing or by other high speed manufacturing methods. However, the functionality of even the most inexpensive microcontroller or other integrated circuit is, at the present time and for the foreseeable future, out of reach by means of fully printed components. Therefore, it is of interest to investigate hybrid printed electronics, where regular electrical components are mounted on flexible substrates to achieve high functionality at a low cost. Moreover, the use of paper as a substrate for printed electronics is of growing interest because it is an environmentally friendly and renewable material and is, additionally, the main material used for many packages in which electronics functionalities could be integrated. One of the challenges for such hybrid printed electronics is the mounting of the components and the interconnection between layers on flexible substrates with printed conductive tracks that should provide as low a resistance as possible while still being able to be used in a high speed manufacturing process. In this article, several conductive adhesives are evaluated as well as soldering for mounting surface mounted components on a paper circuit board with inkjet printed tracks and, in addition, a double sided Arduino compatible circuit board is manufactured and programmed.

  • 2.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Rusu, A
    EPFL-STI-IEL-NANOLAB, Bat ELB342, Station 11, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Manuilskiy, Anatoliy
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Haller, Stefan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Ayöz, S
    EPFL-STI-IEL-NANOLAB, Bat ELB342, Station 11, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Nilsson, Hans-Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    System of nano-silver inkjet printed memory cards and PC card reader and programmer2011In: Microelectronics Journal, ISSN 0959-8324, Vol. 42, no 1, p. 21-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This work describes the development of inkjet printed, low-cost memory cards, and complementary pair of memory card reader and card reader/programmer for PCs. This constitutes a complete system that can be used for various applications. The memory cards are manufactured by inkjet printing nano-silver ink on photo paper substrate. The printed memory structures have an initial high resistance that can later be programmed to specific values representing data on the cards, the so called Write Once Read Many (WORM) memories. The memory card reader measures the resistance values of the memory cells and reads it back to the computer by USB connection. Using multiple resistance levels that represent different states it is possible to have a larger number of selectable combinations with fewer physical bits compared to binary coding. This somewhat counters one of the limitations of resistive memory technology that basically each cell needs one physical contact. The number of possible states is related to the resolution of the reader and the stability of the WORM memory.

  • 3.
    Haller, Stefan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    MOSFET enabled low-voltage high-current DC traction drive: a pioneering concept for battery electric vehicles2019Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Haller, Stefan
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Cheng, Peng
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Oelmann, Bengt
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    A 2.5 v 600 a mosfet-based DC traction motor2019In: Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2019, p. 213-218, article id 8755146Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A high copper fill factor allows reducing the resistive losses responsible for more than 50 % of the losses in today's most commonly used electrical motors. Single-turn windings achieve a copper fill factor close to one. Furthermore, they do not suffer from turn to turn faults and provide a low thermal resistance between winding and stator. The reduced EMF of single-turn winding configurations promotes the use of extra-low voltage high current MOSFETs. Rapid development of these MOSFETs allows reversing common design principles to explore new applications, such as battery electric traction drives. This paper presents a 2.5 V 1 kW MOSFET driven 13-phase permanent magnet DC motor with a single-turn winding configuration. The motor prototype with a copper fill factor of 0.84 was tested with continuous drive currents up to 600 A. The measured torque-efficiency map shows that such a high-current concept with voltages below 60 V is feasible using today's extremely low-voltage high current semiconductors. Due to the rapid development of such switches, there is great potential in this concept for further improvements. This work presents a small-scale version of the high-current drive, which is part of the development of an extra-low voltage traction drive concept. 

  • 5.
    Haller, Stefan
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Cheng, Peng
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Oelmann, Bengt
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Air-gap flux density measurement system for verification of permanent magnet motor FEM model2015In: IECON 2015 - 41st Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2015, p. 445-450, article id 7392140Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To verify the FEM simulation of the air-gap flux density, it is necessary to measure the flux density distribution as function of the angular machine position. This paper presents a scalable 3-D direct air-gap flux density magnitude measurement system for rotating electrical machines. A combination of eight linear Hall effect flux sensors and a rotary encoder is used to measure the flux density magnitude as function of the angular machine position. The system is designed for permanent magnet motors with an air gap of at least 1 mm, but can also be used for other types of machines. The miniaturized sensor array with the flux sensors is 0.7 mm thick, and measures the distribution of the air-gap flux density magnitude in a range of ±2 T along the rotor axis. The design of the measurement system is described and tested on a prototype of an electronically commutated permanent magnet DC motor. The obtained measurement results are compared with the FEM simulation results of the prototype motor. A good match between the simulated and measured flux density magnitude is shown. The conclusions presented in this study, are used to further optimize the simulation model and the prototype motor.

  • 6.
    Haller, Stefan
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Cheng, Peng
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Oelmann, Bengt
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Initial characterization of a 2V 1.1kW MOSFET commutated DC motor2016In: IECON 2016 - 42nd Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, IEEE, 2016, p. 4287-4292, article id 7794029Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rapid development of extremely-low voltage high current MOSFETs allows reversing common design principles to explore new applications, such as battery powered traction drives. This enables the usage of multi-phase single-turn stator windings which can achieve a copper fill factor close to one. This paper briefly describes the proposed 2V, 1.1kW MOSFET commutated 13-phase permanent magnet DC motor and presents the efficiency and resistive loss measurements of the first prototype. The motor was successfully run with drive currents up to 520 A. Most of the obtained losses were resistive contact losses due to the flexible winding connections, less than 6% are dedicated to the MOSFETs. The results show that such a high current drive system is feasible and has great potential for further improvements, which is supported by the rapid development of extremely-low voltage high current semiconductors.

  • 7.
    Haller, Stefan
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Cheng, Peng
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Oelmann, Bengt
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Investigation of a 2 V 1.1 kW MOSFET commutated DC motor2016In: Proceedings - 2016 IEEE International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference (PEMC), IEEE, 2016, p. 586-593, article id 7752061Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper proposes an extremely-low voltage high current MOSFET-based drive architecture. A single-turn multiphase winding design allows a copper fill factor approaching one. The single-turn coil design leads to a low EMF voltage and high current design which requires a matched drive system. To identify the technical design obstacles and verify the feasibility of the proposed architecture, a small scale prototype is built and successfully tested. The described prototype consists of an extremely-low voltage 13-phase single-turn coil permanent magnet DC motor and MOSFET-based commutator. The prototype's locked rotor-torque and no-load power consumption, as well as the EMF voltage measurements are presented and the DC motor constants are extracted. The experimental results from the prototype measurements indicate a promising potential for cost-effective extremely-low voltage high current MOSFET-based drive systems.

  • 8.
    Kotte, Hari Babu
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Ambatipudi, Radhika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Haller, Stefan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Bertilsson, Kent
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    A ZVS Half Bridge DC-DC Converter in MHz Frequency Region using Novel Hybrid Power Transformer2012In: Proceedings of International Exhibition and Conference for Power Electronics, Intelligent Motion, Power Quality (PCIM) 2012, 8-10 May 2012, Nuremberg, Germany., Berlin: Curran Associates, Inc., 2012, p. 399-406Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The significant problems in increasing the switching frequency of isolated converters to achieve low cost and high power density are increased magnetic and switching losses. This paper presents solution with the investigation of newly designed high frequency, low profile, hybrid power transformer together with commercially available GaN MOSFETs. For achieving stringent power converters, a center tapped 4:1:1 half bridge transformer was designed in a multilayered PCB laminate with a total height of transformer as 4.2mm. The maximum obtained energy efficiency of transformer is 98% in the frequency region of 1 – 5MHz. The designed transformer possesses better high frequency characteristics in the frequency range of 3 - 5MHz with tested power density of 47W/cm3 at an operating frequency of 3MHz. This transformer has been utilized in the multi resonant zero voltage switching (ZVS) half bridge converter with synchronous rectification using GaN MOSFETs and then evaluated. The maximum achieved efficiency of multi resonant ZVS half bridge converter with this transformer is 92% in 3 – 4.5 MHz switching frequency range with characterized output power of 40W. This is to the author’s knowledge, the best energy efficiency ever reported for an isolated DC-DC converter in this frequency range and power levels. At a specified input voltage, the converter has been regulated to 15V within 1% for both line and wide load variations. This work provides considerable step for the development of next generation ultra flat low profile isolated DC-DC/AC-DC converters operating in MHz frequency region.

  • 9.
    Majid, Abdul
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Kotte, Hari Babu
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Saleem, Jawad
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Ambatipudi, Radhika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Haller, Stefan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Bertilsson, Kent
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    High Frequency Half-Bridge Converter using Multilayered Coreless PrintedCircuit Board Step-Down Power Transformer2011In: 8th International Conference on Power Electronics - ECCE Asia: "Green World with Power Electronics", ICPE 2011-ECCE Asia, IEEE conference proceedings, 2011, p. 1177-1181Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper introduces high frequencyhalf bridgeDC-DC converter, using multilayered coreless Printed Circuit Board (PCB) step down power transformer. The converter is simulated and then implemented on a PCB. Complementary Pulse Width Modulated (PWM) signals are generated to turn on high and low side Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistors (MOSFETs) alternately by a micro-controller. The isolated gate drive signals are provided to the high side MOSFET by using high frequency coreless PCB isolation transformer. We tested the converter for switching frequency range of 2 to 3 MHz, and for maximum input voltage up-to 170 V. The maximum output power achieved is 40 W and the maximum energy efficiency is approximately 82 %. © 2011 IEEE.

  • 10.
    Majid, Abdul
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Saleem, Jawad
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Kotte, Hari Babu
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Ambatipudi, Radhika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Haller, Stefan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Bertilsson, Kent
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Analysis of feedback in converter using coreless printed circuit board transformer2013In: Electrical Machines and Power Electronics and 2011 Electromotion Joint Conference (ACEMP), 2011 International Aegean Conference on, IEEE conference proceedings, 2013, p. 601-604Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Power supply is an inevitable component for all electronic instruments as a constant DC source. Almost all power supplies use feedback loop to achieve constant DC output voltage. In a feedback loop, the galvanic isolation is required between input and output. It can be achieved either by implementation of opto-coupler feedback on the secondary side or magnetic feedback. In this paper both opto-coupler and auxiliary feed-back techniques are implemented and analyzed in a high frequency half bridge converter using coreless Printed Circuit Board (PCB) power transformer. The implementation of opto-coupler feedback is temperature sensitive and has relatively high cost. The auxiliary winding of transformer can also be used to provide feedback signals as alternate to opto-coupler. Auxiliary feedback implementation is cheaper, temperature stable and insensitive to temperature variations. In this paper, the feasibility of feedback using auxiliary winding of coreless PCB power transformer is investigated. It is observed that this technique can be used as an alternative to opto-coupler feedback.

  • 11.
    Saleem, Jawad
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Majid, Abdul
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Haller, Stefan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Bertilsson, Kent
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    A study of IGBT rupture phenomenon in medium frequency resistance welding machine2013In: Electrical Machines and Power Electronics and 2011 Electromotion Joint Conference (ACEMP), 2011 International Aegean Conference on, IEEE conference proceedings, 2013, p. 236-239Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Inverter drive resistance spot welding machines are becoming a good choice of welding because of the increased machine efficiency and output power. The DC link capacitors in spot welding equipment store a large amount of energy. In case of any failure, the IGBT in the inverter has a risk of exhibiting a violent rupture. This rupture can damage the converter, drive down time and personal injury which may lead to the machinery certification problems. IGBT failure detection and solution for protection of these failures in resistance welding machines have not been reported in literature. Literature study of the IGBT failure, rupture, fault detection and protection has been carried out for inverter drives in power applications. On the basis of the findings some protection schemes and important measures in the design of the machine have been adopted which have resulted in the reduced risk of IGBT failure.

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