miun.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
12 1 - 50 of 69
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Aglen, B.
    et al.
    Nord Trondelag Univ Coll, Fac Hlth Sci, N-7601 Levanger, Norway .
    Hedlund, M.
    Telemark Univ Coll, Porsgrunn, Norway .
    Landstad, B. J.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Self-help and self-help groups for people with long-lasting health problems or mental health difficulties in a Nordic context: A review2011In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 39, no 8, p. 813-822Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this review is to provide systematic knowledge of research from Nordic countries about the meaning of self-help and self-help groups when these are used as a concept or method addressing issues related to long-lasting health problems or mental health difficulties. Methods: Included were studies conducted in the Nordic countries that were published between January 1999 and September 2009. These studies investigated self-help and self-help groups addressing issues related to long-lasting health problems. Results: A total of 83 publications met the inclusion criteria. Four major characteristics of self-help were found to be present in the publications: self-help as an intrapsychological process, self-help as an interpsychological or group process, self-help as a coping, individual learning or empowerment process, and self-help as an alternative or complement to medical treatment. Of the 83 studies, 72 publications used a professional treatment perspective for studying self-help and 11 publications used a perspective derived from alternative or complementary therapies. Conclusions: The review shows that most of the research on self-help and self-help groups for people with long-lasting health problems or disability is conducted with an interest to improve the professional healthcare system. That is, the health-promotion strategy is mainly considered in the framework of treatment or care settings. This means that self-help in this context does not challenge the dominant biomedical health model. © 2011 the Nordic Societies of Public Health.

  • 2.
    Alricsson, Marie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Physical activity, self-related health and complaints in adolescents2007In: Adolescent behaviour research: International perspectives, New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2007, , p. 179p. 119-128Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Alricsson, Marie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Romild, Ulla
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Gundersen, KT
    Physical activity, health, BMI and body complaints in high school students2008In: Minerva Pediatrica, ISSN 0026-4946, E-ISSN 1827-1715, Vol. 60, no 1, p. 19-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     

    AIM: Children and adolescents in the industrial world are becoming less

    physically active and are adopting a sedentary lifestyle in front of computers

    and TV. The aim of the present investigation was to determine self-related

    health, physical activity, prevalence of overweight and body complaints in

    high school students in Norway, and to compare students in academic

    programs with those in vocational programs. METHODS: Seven hundred and

    two high school students aged 16-19 years were included in the study. A

    questionnaire was completed in three high schools and included questions

    about weight and height, health, physical activity, type of physical

    activity/sport, intensity, possible injuries or complaints during the last three

    months. RESULTS: Twenty three percent of the students suffers from

    overweight/obesity are at risk of being overweight. Males reported better

    health than females (P<0.02). Sixty-six percent of the study group reported

    body complaints during the last three months, a higher number of females

    than males (P=0.001). Students in vocational programs reported poorer selfrelated

    health than those in academic programs and the males reported

    better self-related health generally than females. Furthermore, there were a

    higher level of prevalence of overweight students in vocational programs

    than academic programs (P=0.039). CONCLUSION: It is important to make it

    easy for school children and adolescents to do physical activity at school and

    during leisure time in order to prevent overweight and obesity as well as

    chronic diseases later in life.

     

  • 4.
    Alricsson, Marie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Romild, Ulla
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Werner, Suzanne
    Self-related health, physical activity and complaints in Swedish high school students2006In: Scientific World Journal, ISSN 1537-744X, E-ISSN 1537-744X, Vol. 6, p. 816-826Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this investigation was to study self-related health, physical activity and level of exertion, as well as body complaints in Swedish high school students. A total of 993 high school students aged 16–19 years participated in the study. A questionnaire was completed at school and included questions about self-related health, physical activity behavior, type of physical activity/sport, intensity, duration, possible injuries or complaints, and absence from physical training at school, during the last 3 months. The results showed that 26% of the high school students participated in sports on a regular basis. Males reported significantly better health than females (p < 0.0005). A significantly higher number of females participated in physical activities at a lower level of effort (p < 0.0005) and a higher number of males trained at a higher level of effort (p < 0.005). Sixty-one percent reported body pain during the last 3 months, representing a higher number of females than males (p = 0.03). A higher number of females than males reported complaints from the back (p = 0.002), the knees (p = 0.015), the neck (p = 0.001), and the hip (p = 0.015). Females with body complaints reported poorer health than those without complaints. There was a correlation between poor self-related health and a lower level of physical effort (0.219; p < 0.001). The results showed that the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms was high in this population and demonstrated a certain association with self-related health. Therefore, it is important to make it easy for adolescents to perform physical activity at school and during their leisure time in order to prevent chronic diseases.

  • 5.
    Andersen-Hollekim, Tone E.
    et al.
    More & Romsdal Hosp Trust, Alesund, Norway; Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Trondheim, Norway.
    Kvangarsnes, Marit
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Alesund, Norway; More & Romsdal Hosp Trust, Alesund, Norway.
    Landstad, Bodil J.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. Nord Trondelag Hosp Trust, Levanger Hosp, Levanger, Norway.
    Talseth-Palmer, Bente A.
    More & Romsdal Hosp Trust, Alesund, Norway; Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Trondheim, Norway; Univ Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW, Australia; Hunter Med Res Inst, Newcastle, NSW, Australia.
    Hole, Torstein
    More & Romsdal Hosp Trust, Alesund, Norway; Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Trondheim, Norway.
    Patient participation in the clinical pathway: Nurses' perceptions of adults' involvement in haemodialysis2019In: Nursing Open, E-ISSN 2054-1058, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 574-582Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To develop knowledge of nurses' perceptions of participation for patients treated with haemodialysis and their next of kin.

    Design: A qualitative study with a hermeneutic approach.

    Methods: The data were collected in 2015 through focus groups with 13 nurses in Central Norway.

    Results: The nurses reported that patient participation ranging from non-involvement to shared decision-making was related to whether dialysis was initiated as acute or scheduled. The restrictions required in chronic haemodialysis limited participation. The next of kin were not involved. The nurses highlighted interventions on both the individual and system levels to strengthen participation.

    Conclusion: Dialysis units should develop strategies for participation related to individual needs and design treatment in cooperation with patients and their families, ensuring involvement early in the clinical pathway. Further research is needed on issues related to next of kin, including their desired level of involvement.

  • 6.
    Augustsson, Gunnar
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Education.
    Ekelund-Book, Teresia
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Utilization of Consultant Doctors’ Competence and Impact on Perceived Psychosocial Work Environment: A Pilot Study2017In: Health, ISSN 1949-4998, E-ISSN 1949-5005, Vol. 9, p. 189-207Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Work agencies that assign temporary jobs to doctors and nurses are becoming an increasing phenomenon. Aim: The purpose of this pilot study was to explore how consultant doctors (CDs) experience their competence as utilized in practice and what impact this has on their perceived psychosocial work environment. Methods: The findings are based on 11 interviews with CDs working on consultancy assignments in Norway. The CDs were all specialists in fields such as general practice, psychiatry, anesthesia, gynecology, orthopedics, and otolaryngology. Results: The competence that the CDs contributed to their hosting work organization was interpreted differently based on whether the consultant played an active role in the psychosocial work environment and also depended on the doctor’s specialty. Not being integrated into the hosting work organization enhanced the feeling of exclusion and the idea that little or no room was available to contribute one’s competence. Most of the CDs experienced their competence as being utilized to a certain extent, which strengthened their work satisfaction and feeling of playing an active role in the psychosocial work environment.

  • 7.
    Bårdsgjerde, Elise Kvalsund
    et al.
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Ålesund, Norway.
    Kvangarsnes, Marit
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Ålesund, Norway; Møre og Romsdal Hospital Trust, Ålesund, Norway.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. Levanger Hospital, Nord-Trøndelag Hospital Trust, Levanger, Norway.
    Nylenna, Magne
    Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway; Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway.
    Hole, Torstein
    Møre og Romsdal Hospital Trust, Ålesund, Norway; Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway.
    Patients' narratives of their patient participation in the myocardial infarction pathway2019In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 75, no 5, p. 1063-1073Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To explore how patients in areas without local percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) facilities experience patient participation in different phases of the myocardial infarction pathway. Background: Acute treatment of myocardial infarction often involves PCI. In Norway, this treatment is centralized at certain hospitals; thus, patients often require long-distance transportation and experience frequent hospital transfers. Short hospital stays, transfers between hospitals and the patient's emotional state pose challenges to promoting patient participation. Design: A qualitative design with a narrative approach. Methods: Participants were recruited through purposive sampling. Eight men and two women were interviewed in 2016. Findings: Four themes related to the patients' experiences at the beginning, middle and end of the pathway were identified: (a) Lack of verbal communication in the acute phase; (b) trust in healthcare professionals and treatment; (c) lack of participation and coordination at discharge; and (d) shared decision-making in rehabilitation. The findings showed how the patients moved from a low level of patient participation in the acute phase to a high level of patient participation in the rehabilitation phase. Conclusion: This is the first study to explore patient participation in different phases of the myocardial infarction pathway. We argue that individual plans for information and patient participation are important to improve patient involvement in an earlier stage of the pathway. Further research from a healthcare professional perspective can be valuable to understand this topic. Impact: This study gives new insight that can be valuable for healthcare professionals in implementing patient participation throughout the pathway. 

  • 8. Evensen, Aud
    et al.
    Brattaas, Hildfrid V
    Landstad, Bodil J
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Individuell læring i gruppebasert psykoedukativ kognitiv rehabilitering2010In: Nordisk tidsskrift for helseforskning, ISSN 1504-3614, E-ISSN 1891-2982, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 70-83Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [no]

    Artikkelen omhandler en kvalitativ studie om individuell læring i gruppebasert psykoedukativ kognitiv rehabilitering. Studiens formål var å få frem kunnskap om betydning av å benytte kombinasjon av individrettet og grupperettet metode i rehabiliteringsopplegg.

    Metode: Kvalitativ beskrivende og fortolkende studie med bruk av fokusgruppeintervjuer to år etter deltakelse i rehabiliteringsopplegget.

    Resultater: Gruppebasert rehabilitering var opplevd som gjensidig støtte. Rehabilitering med kognitiv tilnærming førte til oppdaging om egen lært hjelpeløshet og lavt selvbilde før rehabilitering og læring om andre måter å møte belastninger på. To år etter deltakelse på gruppebasert rehabilitering var opplegget erfart å ha betydning for selvfølelse, meningsfulle liv, mer aktivitet og mestring i hverdagen. Det er behov for mer forskning hvor opplevelse av mening og sammenheng måles og effekter av ulike rehabiliteringsmetoder sammenlignes.

    Konklusjon: Kombinasjonen gruppebasert rehabilitering med individuell kognitiv tilnærming hadde betydning for motivasjon, mestring og aktivt liv to år etter rehabiliteringen.

  • 9.
    Hagqvist, Emma
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    The leader identity - a means to experience conflict and constructing balance2018In: Gender, Work and Organisation International Interdisciplinary Conference ABSTRACTS BOOKLET, 13-16 JUNE 2018, 2018, p. 120-120Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Literature shows that self-employed individuals seem to experience more conflict between work and family demands than employees but variation is great, especially among self-employed men and women. For instance, studies suggest that women chooses self-employment as a strategy to balance work and family while men uses self-employment as a way to find employment and earnings. Many self-employed individuals describe a feeling of being always on. Self-employment is closely related to masculine values giving emphasis to long work hours and high job demands. Self-employment is an identity and impede men and women to draw a line between work and private life. It is often argued that this is not a problem in the Nordic countries because of high gender equality. However, quantitative data shows rather the opposite.Sparse literature suggest that both men and women use self-employment as a way to ease conflict between work and family. In recent years the concept of work-life enrichment has grown as an explanation how one role can improve quality in other roles easing conflicts. Research suggest that high job control for self-employed men and women eases conflict demand and perhaps create enrichment.In this study, we analyzed interview data from managers in 18 small scale enterprises (SSE), of which 8 were women and 10 men, in the central regions of Norway and Sweden aiming to gain a deeper understanding of how they men and women construct and relate to work and private life in their role as managers of SSEs.Preliminary results show that self-employed men and women narrate a strong identification in their leader identity resulting in a duality in relation to work and family. We identify that interviewees describe that conflict seams to part of the deal of being a leader. They describe how the strong leader identity legitimate a high level of conflict among both men and women. This is in line with the notion that self-employment builds on masculine values and women, though being the main responsible of the home, seem to construct these male values. Meanwhile, the strong leader identity is used as a way to construct balance. In their role as managers and leaders they are allowed to be flexible, more flexible than their employees. However, this flexibility is often used as a way to fit work around family. Lastly, interviewees describe how managerial identity contribute to a work-life enrichment. High job identification gave the leader self-esteem, skills and perspectives which produced a positive affect in relation to work.

  • 10.
    Hagqvist, Emma
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. Levanger Hospital, Nord-Trøndelag Hospital Trust, Levanger, Norway.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Is the gap between experienced working conditions and the perceived importance of these conditions related to subjective health?2018In: International Journal of Workplace Health Management, ISSN 1753-8351, E-ISSN 1753-836X, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 2-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this paper is to explore the gaps between experienced working conditions (WCs) and the perceived importance of these conditions in relation to subjective health in Swedish public sector workplaces.

    Design/methodology/approach

    In total, 379 employees answered questions concerning WCs and health. Nine WC areas were created to measure the gap between the experienced WCs and the perceived importance of each condition. These WC areas were: physical work environment, social relationships, communication, leadership, job control, recognition, self-development, workplace culture and work/life satisfaction. Subjective health was measured using mental ill health, well-being and general health.

    Findings

    The results indicated relatively large gaps in all nine WC areas. Leadership, physical work environment and work/life satisfaction in particular seemed to be problematic areas with relatively large gaps, meaning that employees have negative experiences of these areas while perceiving these areas as very important. Additionally, all WC areas were significantly related to subjective health, especially regarding mental ill health and well-being; the larger the gaps, the worse the subjective health. The WC areas of work/life satisfaction, self-development, social relationships, communication and recognition had the highest relationships and model fits. This indicates that it is most problematic from an employee’s point of view if there are large gaps within these WC areas.

    Originality/value

    This study improves the understanding of workplace health by exploring the gap between experienced WCs and the perceived importance of these conditions.

  • 11.
    Hansen, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Gundersen, Kjell Terje
    Faculty of Education, Nord University, Norway.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Leader-Based Workplace Health Interventions — A Before–After Study in Norwegian and Swedish Small-Scale Enterprises2016In: International Journal of Disability Mangement Research, ISSN 1833-8550, E-ISSN 1834-4887, Vol. 11, no e5, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to contribute to knowledge about leader-based workplace health interventions by investigating changes in psychosocial working conditions and health in Norwegian and Swedish small-scale enterprises (SSEs). The study also aims to investigate whether there are differences between position, and countries. In total, 30 leaders and 149 coworkers in 34 SSEs participated in two intervention and two reference groups. Leaders and coworkers completed the validated questionnaires (Nordic Questionnaire on Positive Organizational Psychology ([N-POP]), Work Experience Measurement Scale (WEMS), and Salutogenic Health Indicator Scale (SHIS), which cover different psychosocial working conditions and health outcomes. The interventions were carried out by advisors from occupational health services (OHSs) over a one-year period and consisted of analyses of health and psychosocial working conditions, company visits, education and networking meetings, including information and tools on issues such as leadership, work environment and health, and leadership support. The statistical methods used included principal component analyses, reliability tests, paired sample t tests and three-way ANOVA. The results indicate a significant positive development concerning external job performance in the intervention groups. Regarding internal job performance, both the Norwegian intervention group and the reference group showed positive improvements. However, there were negative or nonsignificant developments for several of the psychosocial working conditions and health outcomes in the intervention groups. With regard to associations and interactions between the studied variables, there were significantly positive developments with regard to external job performance and sickness absences in the total intervention group. The study indicates that more thorough procedures and testing of leader-based interventions in SSEs are required.

  • 12.
    Hansen, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Neurosci, N-7034 Trondheim, Norway .
    Landstad, Bodil J.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Gundersen, Kjell T.
    Nord Trondelag Univ Coll, Fac Educ, Levanger, Norway .
    Torjesen, Peter A.
    Oslo Univ Hosp Aker, Hormone Lab, Oslo, Norway.
    Svebak, Sven
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Neurosci, N-7034 Trondheim, Norway .
    INSULIN SENSITIVITY AFTER MAXIMAL AND ENDURANCE RESISTANCE TRAINING2012In: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, ISSN 1064-8011, E-ISSN 1533-4287, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 327-334Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hansen, E, Landstad, BJ, Gundersen, KT, Torjesen, PA, and Svebak, S. Insulin sensitivity after maximal and endurance resistance training. J Strength Cond Res 26(2): 327-334, 2012-The purpose of the study was to compare the effects of maximal resistance training (MRT) vs. endurance resistance training (ERT) on improvements in insulin levels and glucose tolerance in overweight individuals at risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Eighteen participants with baseline values suggesting impaired glucose tolerance were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 groups. Group 1 engaged in supervised MRT (Bernstein inverted pyramid system: 5 x 3-4, 60-85% 1 repetition maximum [1RM]), 3 d.wk(-1) over 4 months, whereas members of group 2 acted as controls. Later, group 2 engaged in supervised ERT (3 x 12-15, 45-65% 1RM), 3 d.wk(-1) over a 4 month period with the 2 prebaselines as controls. Both interventions consisted of 8 exercises that included the entire body. Glucose (fasting and 2-hour test), insulin and C-peptide measures were assessed from pre to post in both groups. The MRT led to reduced blood levels of 2-hour glucose (p = 0.044) and fasting C-peptide (p = 0.023) and decreased insulin resistance (p = 0.040). The ERT caused a significant reduction in the blood levels of insulin (p = 0.023) and concomitant positive effects on % insulin sensitivity (p=0.054) and beta-cell function (p=0.020). The findings indicate that both MRT and ERT lead to decreased insulin resistance in people with a risk of developing type 2 diabetes; MRT led to a greater increase in glucose uptake capacity (in muscles), whereas ERT led to greater insulin sensitivity, supporting the recommendation of both MRT and ERT as primary intervention approaches for individuals at a risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

  • 13.
    Hansen, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Department of Neuroscience, The Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Landstad, Bodil J
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Hellzén, Ove
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Svebak, Sven
    Department of Neuroscience, The Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Motivation for lifestyle changes to improve health in people with impaired glucose tolerance2011In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 484-490Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Motivation for lifestyle changes to improve health in people with impaired glucose tolerance Aim:  To identify factors that could have motivational significance for lifestyle change to facilitate the reduction of Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT) and, consequently, the risk of having type 2 diabetes. Methods:  Eighteen people living in a municipality in central Norway participated in the study. A large-scale public health screening study had defined them as people with IGT. The participants took part in a semi-structured interview that focused on four aspects of everyday lifestyle: (1) structure and rhythm, (2) physical health, (3) physical activity and (4) social relations. Results:  The interviews showed that the participants in the study changed their priorities regarding daily living. Results indicated four domains of motivational factors that appeared as significant for lifestyle changes. The participants attributed great significance to their physical health and were strongly motivated to prevent disease development by improvement of everyday structure and rhythm, reduction of sickness risk, activity level and social relation. Research indicates, however, that lasting lifestyle changes take time and that health care support must be adapted to the individual in light of their social setting. Conclusion:  Persons with IGT appear to benefit from lifestyle changes along four dimensions of motivational significance: Structure and rhythm, Sickness concerns, Activity levels, Social relations. This means that attention needs to be more carefully tailored the individual along these four dimensions than has been the case in traditional health care.

  • 14.
    Hansen, Elisabeth
    et al.
    NTNU.
    Landstad, Bodil Johanne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Brönn, Raymond
    Levanger Sykehus, Helse Nord-Tröndelag.
    Gundersen, Kjell Terje
    Högskolen i Nord-Tröndelag.
    Svebak, Sven
    NTNU.
    Exercise-induced changes in body fat, upper leg skeletal muscle area, BMI and body weight in overweight people with risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes2011In: Acta Kinesiologiae Universitatis Tartuensis, ISSN 1406-9822, E-ISSN 2228-3501, Vol. 17, p. 66-79Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study compared effects of maximal resistance training (MRT) versus endurance resistance training (ERT) in overweight people at risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes. Dependent variables included changes in body fat %, upper leg skeletal muscle area (left + right), BMI and body weight pre-to post intervention. Eighteen individuals, 33-69 years of age, were randomly assigned to one of two groups. Group 1 engaged in MRT three days/week over a four month period while members of Group 2 acted as controls. Later, Group 2 engaged in ERT three days/week over a four month period and the members acted as their own controls. Both interventions consisted of eight exercises. Pre- to post changes were significant for MRT with a reduction in BMI (p=0.013) and body weight (p=0.010), while percentage of body fat was significantly reduced (p=0.009) and skeletal muscle area increased (p=0.021) with ERT. The results support both approaches as interventions in primary prevention of obesity and consequently in reducing risk of Type 2 Diabetes.

  • 15.
    Hansen, Elisabeth
    et al.
    NTNU.
    Landstad, Bodil Johanne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities.
    Gundersen, Kjell Terje
    Högskolen i Nord-Tröndelag.
    Svebak, Sven
    NTNU.
    The relative importance of aerobic capacity, physical activity and body mass index in impaired glucose toleranceand Type 2 diabetes2012In: Vulnerable Groups & Inclusion, ISSN 2000-8023, Vol. 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To investigate the relative importance of aerobic capacity, physical activity and body mass index (BMI) for discriminating between people with Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT) or Type 2 diabetes and healthy controls. Method: Variables included scores on estimated VO2-max (ml/kg/min) by walking the UKK walking-test, responses to questions on self-reported physical activity and BMI. Design: Participants were recruited into groups of IGT, Type 2 diabetes and healthy controls (N64). Statistical analyses were performed by multifactor ANOVA, bivariate correlations and logistic regression. Result: Obesity, as indicated by BMI, was most evident in the IGT and Type 2 diabetes groups when jointly compared with the healthy controls (p=0.004, OR ≥16.00). However, when separately compared with the healthy controls, BMI scores strongly discriminated between the IGT versus healthy controls but failed to distinguish between Type 2 diabetes and healthy controls. Scores for aerobic capacity and level of physical activity failed to distinguish between healthy controls and IGT as well as Type 2 diabetes status. Conclusion: BMI was significantly associated with IGT whereas aerobic capacity and level of physical activity were not predictive of group status for IGT and Type 2 diabetes. The results indicated that primary health care should focus on all means for weight reduction, including physical activity and other life style changes, in order to prevent individuals from escalating into IGT in order to prevent risk of Type 2 diabetes.

  • 16.
    Hansen, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Ledarfokuserade hälsofrämjande insatser i små företag: resultat och erfarenheter (Leader-based workplace health interventions in small enterprises: results and experiences)2016In: Inkluderande och hållbart arbetsliv - Book of abstracts - FALF 2016, Östersund, 2016, p. 43-44Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Leader-based workplace health interventions in small-scale enterprises: a pre post Study. Introduction Leader’s competence about health and working environment issues is of particular importance in small scale enterprises (SSEs). Studies indicate lack of tools for 44 Book of abstracts – FALF 2016implementation of working environment improvements and support from occupationalhealth services to develop such services towards SSE`s. The aim of the study was to investigate organizational-, psychosocial working environment- and health outcomes among leaders and employees in SSEs before and after workplace health interventions, and to contribute to knowledge about tools suited for implementation. Description Data presented is part of a research project concerning leader-based workplace health interventions in SSEs. 179 subjects, intervention group (103) and control group (76), from 32 SSE ́s in the middle part of Norway and Sweden participated. Leaders (N=30) and Employees (N=149) answered validated questionnaires (WEMS, SHIS and N-POP) covering organizational outcomes, psychosocial working conditions and health. The interventions were carried out by advisers from occupational health services, and consisted of courses, meetings including information, advices and tools for working on issues like leadership, working environment, and health during a one year period. Results Organizational outcomes as Job Performance indicatedan interaction in favor of intervention group compared to control group, and for leaders compared to employees. For Psychosocial working conditions, the Swedish leaders reported a positive change concerning pressure of Time. Regarding Health outcomes the Norwegian leaders reported a more positive development concerning sleep problems compared to employees in Norway, and leaders in Sweden. The Intervention group reported lower Sickness absence. Conclusion Leader-based interventions in SSE`s seems effectively to a limited extent. Time between pre and post intervention including measure points, might be too short to detect improvements over time.

  • 17.
    Hansen, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Work Experience and Health before and after interventions among leaders and employees in small-scale enterprises2016In: Decent Work: 4th Conference Disability Management, Olten, 2016, p. 26-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Workplace-based prevention and rehabilitation programs including strategy to change might contribute to increase employee health. The importance of leader competence in small scale enterprises (SSE´s) to prioritize health and adjusting the work-environment are important. Some studies indicate associations between psychosocial work environment factors and mental health, but contradicting findings suggest that good leadership does not substantially ameliorate any effects of emotional demands at work on employee mental health. The cost-effect for the society as whole, the enterprise alone and the workers employed e.g. regarding sick leave, injury rates, stable employment levels and other factors are complex. Traditionally there has been a focus on these factors mostly in large workplaces, but a broader understanding, sustainable standards, procedures, implementing methods, and more knowledge regarding leadership, health, work-environment, stress and health promoting interventions towards SSE´s is needed. Purpose and method: The aim of the study is to investigate Work Experience (WEMS) and Salutogenic Health (SHIS) changes among leaders and employees in SSEs pre-post intervention. Present study analyzed data from two questionnaires (WEMS, and SHIS) based on established theories regarding work and health. Leaders (N=30) and employees (N=149) from 32 small scale enterprises in the middle part of Norway and Sweden participated. The interventions were carried out by work environment advisers and consisted of meetings including information, advices and tools towards leaders and employees during a one year period. The methodology used to identify any pre-post changes, and changes between groups (ex. Norway-Sweden, leaders-employees) involved SPSS analyses with descriptive statistics, univariate analysis of variance and t-tests. Findings: The analysis revealed no positive significant changes from pre to post intervention for the total Index of SHIS, nor the total Index of WEMS. Some indications of changes however could be detected, were the main tendency was a negative development after intervention. The subindex of WEMS regarding Management (MT) though, yielded a significant effect of mean for leaders compared with employees after intervention. Conclusions: Present interventions towards leaders and employees regarding Work environment and Salutogenic health in SSE`s seems not to be sufficient. More knowledge regarding leadership, work-environment and health are crucial, and even more thorough procedures and testing of interventions in SSE´s needs to be carried out to improve these parameters.

  • 18.
    Hansen, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Gundersen, Kjell Terje
    Faculty of Education, Nord University, Levanger, Norway.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. Levanger Hospital, Nord-Trøndelag Hospital Trust, Levanger, Norway.
    Resistance Training in People at Risk of Developing Type 2 Diabetes and Their Experience of Health-Related Quality of Life2016In: Health, ISSN 1949-4998, Vol. 8, p. 1323-1334Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background : Research indicates an association between impaired glucose metabolismand overweight, a serious public health problem involving an increased risk ofType 2 diabetes, related hypertension, and a reduced quality of life. Aim: The firstaim is to assess different dimensions of Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) inoverweight individuals at risk of developing Type 2 diabetes compared to a normalpopulation. The second aim is to examine the impact of resistance training on thepre-post HRQoL dimension scores of the intervention group. Methods : Eighteenparticipants were randomly assigned to one of the two resistance training groups.Group 1 engaged in supervised maximal resistance training (Bernstein inverted pyramidsystem: 5× 3 - 4, 60% - 85% of 1 Repetition Maximum (RM)), three days/weekover four months, and Group 2 performed endurance resistance training (includinglower weight loads and more repetitions over four months). The intervention consistedof eight exercises involving the entire body. The subjects completed theShort-Form Health Survey (SF-36) on HRQoL. The HRQoL scores of the norm populationwere higher than those of people at risk of developing Type 2 diabetes, andresistance training seemed to have a limited significant positive effect on the differentHRQoL dimensions.

  • 19.
    Hedlund, M.
    et al.
    Nord University, Levanger, Norway; NTNU, Norway.
    Landstad, Bodil J.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. Levanger Hospital, Nord-Trøndelag Hospital Trust, Norway.
    Tritter, J. Q.
    Aston University, Birmingham, United Kingdom.
    The disciplining of self-help: Doing self-help the Norwegian way2019In: Social Science and Medicine, ISSN 0277-9536, E-ISSN 1873-5347, Vol. 225, p. 34-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We explore how Norwegian self-help groups are defined and managed to create a particular form of health system governmentality. Self-help groups are typically framed as therapeutic communities where participants define the agenda creating a space where open and equal interaction can produce individual learning and personal growth. In Norway, however, self-help groups are managed in a way that integrates them in to the health system but insulates them from clinical medicine; an approach that disciplines participants to act in a particular way in relation to the health system. We draw on the analysis of 1456 pages of public documents and websites from the National Nodal Point for Self-Help (NPSH), the organisation that manages self-help groups, and central government including individual testimonies from participants published between 2006 and 2014. We argue, drawing on Foucault, that self-help premised on lay-leadership and self-determination is at odds with the centrally defined regulation apparent in the model adopted in Norway and an example of disciplining that reinforces health system governmentality and serves the interests of the medical profession and the state. Further we propose that this illustrates the contestation between the pastoral power of medics, the National Nodal Point for Self-Help and the Ministry of Health. Our analysis of Norwegian self-help as a mechanism to create a particular form of health system governmentality helps explain the expansion of self-help and self-management within developed health systems and provides an explanation for why self-help within health systems, is typically situated adjacent to, rather than integrated into, clinical medicine.

  • 20. Hedlund, Marianne
    et al.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Forskning på selvhjelp og selvhjelpsgruppe: Helsepolitikk, empowerment og positiv helse2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [no]

    Dette er et arbeidsnotat utgitt av Høgskolen i Nord-Trøndelag (HiNT). Notatet inngår i et forskningsprosjekt kalt Forskning på selvhjelp og selvhjelpsgrupper. Dette forskningsprosjektet har som hovedformål å kritisk studere selvhjelpsgrupper i et samfunnsvitenskaplig perspektiv. Fokus har vært å studere om selvhjelpsgrupper bidrar til å skape selvbærende prosesser blant brukere som deltar i dem, og om selvhjelpsgrupper gir forankring i nettverk som bidrar til mer selvmyndiggjøring/empowerment til brukere som sliter med helseproblemer eller nedsatt funksjonsevne. Inkludert i dette har vært å studere hva som virker støttende og fremmende for positiv helse.

    Undersøkelsen er initiert av forskere ved avdeling for helsefag ved Høgskolen i Nord-Trøndelag i 2008. Den kom i stand som en respons på en offentlig utlysning fra Helsedirektoratet om forskning på selvorganisert selvhjelp i et folkehelse- og lokalsamfunnsperspektiv i november 2008. Helsedirektoratet utlyste midler til forskningsmiljøer om å få frem forskning som belyste og dokumenterte faktorer som var virksomme i selvhjelpsarbeidet, og som kunne bidra til å ta i bruk og videreutvikle selvhjelpsarbeid på ulike arenaer. Målgruppen for selvhjelpsarbeidet var brukere og hjelpere i feltet psykisk helsearbeid og andre grupper som vil bruke selvhjelp som et verktøy. Tilskuddsordningen var ment å styrke selvhjelpsmetodikken som et viktig supplement innen psykisk helse i tråd med Nasjonal plan for selvhjelp (Helsedirektoratet, 2004). Forskningsprosjektet som det her rapporteres fra, studerer selvhjelp for personer med psykiske problem eller, funksjonsnedsettelser. Første del av undersøkelsen handlet om å få en kunnskapsstatus i form av en litteratursstudie om eksisterende forskning om selvhjelp og selvhjelpsgrupper i Norden. Andre del av undersøkelsen handlet om å studere deltakere av selvhjelpsgruppers opplevelse av samspill, mening og empowerment, og se dette i relieff til eksisterende kunnskapsstatus fra forskningsfeltet. Tredje del av undersøkelsen har vært å ha en teoretisk og analytisk tilnærmingsmåte til selvhjelpsarbeidet og studerer selvhjelpsarbeidet og offentlig politikk. Prosjektlederne har hatt et faglig samarbeid med Selvhjelp Norge og Helsedirektoratet.

    Hovedansvarlig for kontakten med Selvhjelp Norge har vært Solbjørg Talseth og Eli Vogt Godager. Prosjektlederne Marianne Hedlund og Bodil Landstad ved HiNT står ansvarlig for vitenskaplig og faglig gjennomføring og analyse, inklusiv publisering. Vitenskaplig assistent Bjørg Aglen har bistått i datainnsamlingen og publisering.

    Vi vill rette en spesiell takk til faglig rådgiver for prosjektet, professor Catherine Marshall ved University of Arizona, USA. Vi har også hatt nytte av faglig samarbeid med det nordiske forskernettverket om selvhjelpsforskning som har kommet i stand som følge av samarbeid mellom forskere ved HiNT, Læring og mestringssenteret Helse Sunnmøre (KPI), samt forskere ved Norsk Institutt for By- og regionsforskning (NIBR).

    I arbeidsnotatet er det lagt vekt på å formidle kortfattet noen tematiske og beskrivende funn fra undersøkelsen. Mer detaljerte opplysninger om resultat av undersøkelsen skjer i form av publiseringer i internasjonale fagfellevurderte tidskrifter. Prosjektledernes ambisjon er at resultatene som her blir formidlet bidrar til økt kunnskap og innsikt om selvhjelpsarbeid og selvhjelpsgrupper i Norge.

    Notat kan ha språklig preg av forskningsmessig uttrykk og terminologi. Hensikten har vært å formidle kunnskap om selvhjelp på en forskningsmessig måte, ikke bare populærvitenskaplig framstilling. Vi håper allikevel at kunnskapen som blir formidlet får en bred leserkrets. Vi mener at kunnskap fra prosjektet har relevans for personer som bruker selvhjelp som metode eller kan tenke seg å bruke det. Vitenskaplige artikler fra dette prosjekt er publisert eller under publisering. Henvisning til disse publikasjoner finnes i kapittel 4 i arbeidsnotatet. Populærvitenskaplige formidlinger fra prosjektet har skjedd ved åpne fagdager og andre arrangement, og finnes tilgjengelig via Selvhjelp Norge, forskning.no og HiNTs hjemmeside.

  • 21.
    Hedlund, Marianne
    et al.
    Högskolen i Nord-Tröndelag.
    Landstad, Bodil J
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Svensson, Åsa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Equal treatment in working life for people with disabilities: A Sweden and Norway Perspective2009In: Disabilities: Insights from Across Fields and Around the World Vol 3: Responses: Practice, Legal, and Political Frameworks / [ed] Marshall CA, Kendall E, Banks M, Gover RMS, Westport: Praeger, 2009, 1, p. 155-165Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In November 2000, the European Union issued a directive establishing a general framework for promoting equal treatment in employment and outlawing discrimination based on religion, beliefs, disability, age, and sexual orientation (the “framework for the equal treatment directive,” FETD). Equal treatment and non-discrimination are among the most well-developed components of social policy in the EU. In Scandinavia, antidiscrimination policy is a relatively new type of regulatory policy that approaches disability from the following perspective: “The EU . . . sees disability as a social construct. The EU social model of disability stresses the environmental barriers in society which prevent the full participation of people with disabilities in society. These barriers must be removed”. The main aim of this chapter is to examine and discuss how this new approach relates to existing policies in Norway and Sweden. In this chapter, we more closely examine how Norwegian and Swedish social policies define disability in relation to the EU’s FETD directive. We examine the relationship between the traditional methods of supporting people with disabilities in Swedish and Norwegian social policy and the principles put forth in the EU’s FETD directive.

  • 22.
    Hedlund, Marianne
    et al.
    Högskolen i Nord-Tröndelag, NTNU.
    Landstad, Bodil J
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Wendelborg, Christian
    NTNU.
    Challenges in Disability Management of Long-Term Sick Workers2008In: The international journal of disability management research, ISSN 1833-8550, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 47-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Norway various welfare state authorities assist in disability management (DM) of long-term sick workers. This study provides empirical-based knowledge about the Norwegian DM process. The data are based on focus-group interviews with health care providers and case-workers in welfare state authorities. A key issue outlined in this article is that long-term sick workers can easily become ‘stuck’ in the rehabilitation system. The focus is on topics that can explain difficulties of re-employing long-term sick workers. Furthermore, we look at what challenges are typical for DM of these workers in Norway, with respect to re-employment issues.

  • 23.
    Hedlund, Marianne
    et al.
    Högskolen i Telemark.
    Landstad, Bodil Johanne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    The construction of self-help in Norwegian health policy2012In: International Journal of Self-help and Self-care, ISSN 1541-4450, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 65-87Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Hedlund, Marianne
    et al.
    Nord University and NTNU.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Tightrope walking - external impact factors on workplace health management in small-scale enterprises2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Small-scale enterprises (SSEs) are important for ensuring growth, innovation, job creation, in addition to social integration in working life. Research shows that SSEs pay little attention to and have insufficient competence in workplace health management. From the perspective of managers, this study explores how external factors influence the development of this management. The article refers to a case study between eight Norwegian and ten Swedish managers of SSEs in the middle part of Norway and Sweden. We used a stepwise qualitative approach to analyse data, using an interpretive indexing of main categories. Two main categories were found to have an influence on the development of workplace health- management: (1) Restricted leeway and (2) Commitments. Concerning the first main category, areas that managers highlight as important comprise the legal framework and regulations; workforce and market situation, production, finances; and occupational safety and health issues. Areas related to the second main category were advice from the board, guidance from mentors, work-related networks, and family and friends as buffers. One conclusion is that despite limited scope for developing workplace health anagement, managers find supportive guidance and inspiration from environments that are committed to helping them and their enterprise.

  • 25.
    Hedlund, Marianne
    et al.
    Faculty of Nursing and Health Science, Nord University, Levanger, Norway; bDepartment of Social work, NTNU, Trondheim, Norway.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. Levanger Hospital, Nord-Trøndelag Hospital Trust, Levanger, Norway.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Tightrope walking: external impact factors on workplace health management in small-scale enterprises2017In: Society, health and vulnerability, E-ISSN 2002-1518, Vol. 8, no Sup 1, p. 53-66, article id 1350551Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Small-scale enterprises (SSEs) are important for ensuring growth, innovation, job creation,and social integration in working life. Research shows that SSEs pay little attention to andhave insufficient competence in workplace health management. From the perspective ofmanagers, this study explores how external factors influence the development of thismanagement. The article refers to a case study among eight Norwegian and ten Swedishmanagers of SSEs in the middle part of Norway and Sweden. We used a stepwisequalitative approach to analyse data, using an interpretive indexing of main categories.Two main categories were found to have an influence on the development of workplacehealth management: (1) restricted leeway and (2) commitments. Concerning the first maincategory, areas that managers highlight as important comprise the legal framework andregulations; workforce and market situation, production, economy; and occupationalsafety and health issues. Areas related to the second main category were advice fromthe board, guidance from mentors, work-related networks, and family and friends asbuffers. One conclusion is that despite limited scope for developing workplace healthmanagement, managers find supportive guidance and inspiration from environments thatare committed to helping them and their enterprise.

  • 26.
    Hedlund, Marianne
    et al.
    marianne.hedlund@hint.no.
    Wendelborg, Christian
    christian.wendelborg@tforsk.no.
    Brattaas, Hildfrid V.
    hildfrid.brataas@hint.no.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Gått ut på dato?: årsaker til at få mottakere av rehabiliteringspenger kommer tilbake i arbeidslivet.2005Book (Other scientific)
  • 27.
    Landstad, Bodil
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Ekholm, Jenny
    Schuldt, K.
    Bergroth, Alf
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Health-related quality of life in women at work despite ill-health. A prospective, comparative study of hospital cleaners/home-help staff before and after staff support2000In: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, ISSN 0342-5282, E-ISSN 1473-5660, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 91-101Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aims of this prospective, non-randomized, comparative study were to elucidate how 99 female hospital cleaners and home-helps, at work despite ill-health, experienced their quality of life, and to study whether this was affected by a particular programme of staff support. The SF-36 questionnaire was used. This contains questions on physical, mental and social health status. Health status, i.e. experienced health, was assessed by the respondents themselves. Low quality of life relating to the dimensions bodily pain, general health perceptions and vitality proved to apply both to the hospital cleaners and the home-help staff, compared to a normal Swedish female population. No significant differences between the intervention group and the reference group were demonstrated among either the cleaners or the home-helps. Following the intervention/period of customary measures, experienced quality of lift was somewhat changed in the groups compared with the normal Swedish female population. This may indicate a certain unspecific improvement in experienced quality of life in both the intervention groups and the reference groups.

  • 28.
    Landstad, Bodil
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Gelin, Gunnar
    Malmquist, Claes
    Vinberg, Stig
    Department of Human Work Sciences, Luleå University of Technology, .
    A statistical human resources costing and accounting model for analysing the economic effects of an intervention at a workplace2002In: Ergonomics, ISSN 0014-0139, E-ISSN 1366-5847, Vol. 45, no 11, p. 764-787Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study had two primary aims. The first aim was to combine a human resources costing and accounting approach (HRCA) with a quantitative statistical approach in order to get an integrated model. The second aim was to apply this integrated model in a quasi-experimental study in order to investigate whether preventive intervention affected sickness absence costs at the company level. The intervention studied contained occupational organizational measures, competence development, physical and psychosocial working environmental measures and individual and rehabilitation measures on both an individual and a group basis. The study is a quasi-experimental design with a non-randomized control group. Both groups involved cleaning jobs at predominantly female workplaces. The study plan involved carrying out before and after studies on both groups. The study included only those who were at the same workplace during the whole of the study period. In the HRCA model used here, the cost of sickness absence is the net difference between the costs, in the form of the value of the loss of production and the administrative cost, and the benefits in the form of lower labour costs. According to the HRCA model, the intervention used counteracted a rise in sickness absence costs at the company level, giving an average net effect of 266.5 Euros per person (full-time working) during an 8-month period. Using an analogue statistical analysis on the whole of the material, the contribution of the intervention counteracted a rise in sickness absence costs at the company level giving an average net effect of 283.2 Euros. Using a statistical method it was possible to study the regression coefficients in sub-groups and calculate the p-values for these coefficients; in the younger group the intervention gave a calculated net contribution of 605.6 Euros with a p-value of 0.073, while the intervention net contribution in the older group had a very high p-value. Using the statistical model it was also possible to study contributions of other variables and interactions. This study established that the HRCA model and the integrated model produced approximately the same monetary outcomes. The integrated model, however, allowed a deeper understanding of the various possible relationships and quantified the results with confidence intervals.

  • 29.
    Landstad, Bodil
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Hedlund, Marianne
    Nord Universitet, Norge.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    How managers of small-scale enterprises can create a health promoting corporate culture2017In: International Journal of Workplace Health Management, ISSN 1753-8351, E-ISSN 1753-836X, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 228-248Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – Small-scale enterprises are important for sustainable development in Europe and account for a significant proportion of private enterprises and their large contribution to employment. The overall research aim of the study is to explore workplace health management from the perspective of managers in small-scale enterprises (SSEs) in Norway and Sweden. Methodology – In-depth interviews with 18 managers in SSEs were conducted and a stepwise qualitative analysis was used. Findings – The findings are presented as two main patterns 1) Interorganisational dynamics and 2) Participative leadership. Managers discussed opportunities for workplace health management to foster solidarity and flexibility in the workplace, the potential of employees for self-governance, and a cultural environment at the workplace characterized by safety,trust, care, loyalty and humour. The managers employed a process-oriented communicato style, were all-rounders, and demonstrated dedicated and distinct management. Managers in small-scale enterprises were lonely problem-solvers and experienced high and conflicting work demands and work-family conflicts. Research limitations – The findings should be interpreted with caution concerning representation of small-scale enterprises generally. The enterprises were recruited from an intervention project focusing on workplace health management and might therefore have a positive attitude. Originality – This study adds important knowledge regarding the preconditions for creating health-promoting workplaces in SSEs, an area for which limited research exists. The findings provide insights and knowledge about managers’ possibilities and obstacles in workplace health management. The findings could be transferrable to management in similar contexts if managers develop more awareness and knowledge. Practical implications – The managers obtain recommended information about what to doand how to address workplace health management in SSEs.

  • 30.
    Landstad, Bodil
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Hedlund, Marianne
    Nord University and NTNU.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    How managers of small-scale enterprises can create a health promoting corporate culture2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – Small-scale enterprises are important for sustainable development in Europe and account for a significant proportion of private enterprises and their large contribution to employment. The overall research aim of the study is to explore workplace health management from the perspective of managers in small-scale enterprises (SSEs) in Norway and Sweden. Methodology – In-depth interviews with 18 managers in SSEs were conducted and a stepwise qualitative analysis was used. Findings – The findings are presented as two main patterns 1) Interorganisational dynamics and 2) Participative leadership. Managers iscussed opportunities for workplace health management to foster solidarity and flexibility in the workplace, the potential of employees for self-governance, and a cultural environment at the workplace characterized by safety, trust, care, loyalty and humour. The managers employed a process-oriented communicator style, were all-rounders, and demonstrated dedicated and distinct management. Managers in small-scale enterprises were lonely problem-solvers and experienced high and conflicting work demands and work-family conflicts. Research limitations – The findings should be interpreted with caution concerning representation of small-scale enterprises generally. The enterprises were recruited from an development project focusing on workplace health management and might therefore have a positive attitude. Originality – This study adds important knowledge regarding the preconditions for creating health-promoting workplaces in SSEs, an area for which limited research exists. The findings provide insights and knowledge about managers’ possibilities and obstacles in workplace health management. The findings could be transferrable to management in similar contexts if managers develop more awareness and knowledge. Practical implications – The managers obtain recommended information about what to do and how to address workplace health management in SSEs.

  • 31.
    Landstad, Bodil
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Hedlund, Marianne
    Nord-Trøndelag University College.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Leader´s view of health promotion workplaces in small-scale enterprises2016In: Decent Work: 4th Conference Disability Management, Olten, Schweiz: Fachhochschule Nordwestschweiz , 2016, p. 25-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Small-scale enterprises (SSEs) are regarded as important contributors to economic development. However, there is a limited understanding about the importance of the psychosocial working conditions, the work-life balance, health and well-being in these enterprises. Research on psychosocial working conditions in SSEs is polarized and shows contradictory results, and it is often stated that SSEs have trouble with workplace health and disability management processes due to their limited resources, and lack of support from human resource consultants. According to the Luxemburg Declaration of Workplace Health Promotion health in the workplace can be achieved by monitoring a wide range of factors; e.g. management principles, organizational culture, involvement of all the workforce and balance between job demands and control in work. ‘Disability Management’ is an approach which goes beyond traditional vocational rehabilitation due to its focus on prevention of injury as well as return to work assistance following injury, and the importance of using the workplace for interventions at all levels of the organization. Purpose and method: The overall aim of the study is, from a leader perspective, to explore small scale enterprises (SSEs) conditions for managing health promoting workplaces. This study analyzes data from interviews with leaders in 18 small scale enterprises in the middle part of Norway and Sweden. The methodology used to study conditions to create health promoting workplaces was based on a step-wise inductive method. Findings: The analyses revealed two main categories as important for creating health-promoting workplaces: conditions for managing workplace health promotion and conditions for a health promoting leadership. Each category contained several sub-themes that were related to solidarity and flexibility among employees, self-steered task management, good and joyful working conditions and managing leadership role essential for developing a healthy workplace. Conclusions: The leader’s view of health promoting workplaces point at great consciousness and maturity in their approach to create a health-promotive workplace. The premises for healthy work conditions in small-scale enterprises seem to be favorable despite obstacles and limited resources available.

  • 32.
    Landstad, Bodil
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Hedlund, Marianne
    Nord University Norway.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Ledares perspektiv på hälsofrämjande arbete i små företag (Leaders' perspective on workplace health promotion in small enterprises)2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Small-scale enterprises (SSEs) are important for sustainable development at national development and regional levels, and account for a large part of private enterprises and their large contribution to employment. Earlier research shows that SSEs are limited with respect to personnel, economic resources and competence for creating health-promoting workplaces. This study explores the premises for managing health-promoting workplaces from a leadership perspective in eight Norwegian and ten Swedish SSEs. A stepwise qualitative approach and analysis were used to analyze data. The analysis shows two main categories: corporative health promotion workplaces and cultivating health-promoting leadership.

    The leader’s experience of solidarity and flexibility, self-steered task management, safety, trust and care, job satisfaction, loyalty, humor and recruitment indicates these as important components related to a health-promoting workplace. They point to the importance of being a process-oriented communicator, an all-rounder, and the need to make use of a dedicated and distinct leadership style. However, they also indicate problems with being a lonely problem solver, high and conflicting work demands and work-family conflicts. One conclusion is that leaders exhibit an awareness of the importance of applying a holistic approach for creating health-promoting workplaces. Another conclusion, which is not in line with previous research, is that the leaders exhibit a maturity about the importance of combining individual and organizational health promotion measures and that they have a high motivation to work with these areas.

  • 33.
    Landstad, Bodil J
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    At work in spite of pain: Prevention and rehabilitation in two predominantly female workplaces, their effects and further development of analysis methods.2001Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract

    Thesis

  • 34.
    Landstad, Bodil J
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Hedlund, Marianne
    Pushing forward the research agenda through shifting our scientific gaze2010In: Vulnerable Groups & Inclusion, ISSN 2000-8023, E-ISSN 2000-8023, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 1-3Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Landstad, Bodil J
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Hedlund, Marianne
    Högskolen i Nord-Tröndelag.
    Wendelborg, Christian
    NTNU.
    Brattaas, Hilfrid V
    Högiskolen i Nord-Tröndelag.
    Long-term sick workers experience of professional support for re-integration back to work.2009In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 39-48Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years researchers have tried to identify important factors that can explain re-integration to work for workers on long-term sick leave. The results indicate that multiple factors can explain whether or not people return to work. The aim of the study was to investigate long-term sick workers' experience of professional support for re-integration to work. Participants were drawn from the database of The National Social Insurance Board in Norway. A random sample was selected of persons with mental illness or musculoskeletal disorders (either p- or 1-diagnosis/symptoms related to International Classification in Primary Care), who were in receipt of Rehabilitation allowance. The questionnaire was sent to 1 493 persons of whom 740 responded. The most significant finding is that work training/mastering actions were identified by the majority of the rehabilitation benefit recipients as being of slight or moderate use. This highlights the importance of work training/mastering actions being relevant in proportion to the specific situation the individual is presently within. Delays in waiting for treatment attributed to approximately half of the rehabilitation benefit recipient's problems returning to work. This study also highlights that rehabilitation benefit recipients   experience loss of co-ordinated measures from those who are supposed to   contribute to simplifying their return to work.

  • 36.
    Landstad, Bodil J
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Olsson, Inger
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Millet, Patrick
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Personal Perspectives on Vocational Rehabilitation in Singapore and Sweden2010In: The Asia Pacific Disability & Rehabilitation Journal, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 3-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study is to describe and analyse personal reflections on vocational rehabilitation in Singapore and Sweden as described by employees who have been on sick leave. Further, the study investigates what similarities and differences can be discerned from the accounts provided by the participants in the different countries. Interviews were conducted with five Singaporeans and five Swedes undergoing rehabilitation due to musculoskeletal problems. The most significant result is that more differences than similarities were identified; e.g. the Singaporeans had fewer days of sickness absence, they were diagnosed more swiftly, treatment and the rehabilitation process began earlier and there were no queues for treatment. The conclusion is that the Singaporean system seems to be more effective with respect to returning people to work. However, the Swedish system creates more security for all groups of people.

  • 37.
    Landstad, Bodil J
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Schuldt, K
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, Div Rehabil Med, Stockholm.
    Ekholm, J
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, Div Rehabil Med, Stockholm.
    Broman, L
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, Div Rehabil Med, Stockholm.
    Bergroth, Alf
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Women at work despite ill health: Diagnoses and pain before and after personnel support - A prospective study of hospital cleaners/home-help personnel with comparison groups2001In: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, E-ISSN 1651-2081, Vol. 33, p. 216-224Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study sought to elicit the diagnoses behind the pain conditions causing complaints by female hospital cleaners and home-help personnel who were working despite their symptoms. We also wished to describe the prevalence of musculoskeletal diagnoses and the intensity, frequency and location of pain, and changes in the clinical picture and pain after personnel supporting interventions. A prospective study was carried out with intervention groups and non-randomized comparison groups. The hospital cleaners intervention programme comprised occupational organizational measures, competence development, physical and psychosocial working environmental measures and individual and rehabilitation measures on both an individual and a group basis. The home-help programme comprised a 2-week stay at an orthopaedic rehabilitation unit, training of supervisors, comrade massage, purchase of training equipment and stress management. Myalgia/tendinitis occurred in 61% of shoulder girdle elevators, 18% of rotator cuffs, 16% of dorsal neck muscles and 29% of hip muscles. There was musculoskeletal pain in the lower back in 28% of cases. Referred pain from a musculoskeletal focus occurred in about one-sixth to one-third of individuals with the diagnosis in question. Neurogenic pain occurred in 6% of cases. No fibromyalgia syndrome was found. One-third of individuals felt pain all the time or almost all the time. The mean rated perceived “worst pain” was 70 mm on a visual analogue scale of 1-100 mm. Comparisons between intervention and reference groups indicated that some improvement in the clinical picture can be attained using this kind of general support programme for employees.

  • 38.
    Landstad, Bodil J.
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. Levanger Hospital, Nord-Trøndelag Hospital Trust, Levanger, Norway.
    Åhrberg, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Conceptualizing the driving forces for successful rehabilitation back to work2018In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 40, no 15, p. 1781-1790Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: An earlier study states that the terms of desire, longing, and vanity carry with them ideas, emotions, and values that influence how individuals perceive themselves and their rehabilitation process. Our aim was (1) to use concept analysis to explore the meaning of the terms desire, longing, and vanity and (2) to investigate the potential role of these concepts in successful rehabilitation back to work. Methods: To achieve these two objectives, we used a model of concept analysis. The final step in the model is to define empirical references, for example, articles within the scientific literature, to determine the existence of a concept in a given situation. Results: The concept analysis resulted in 15 new searchable terms. All of these were accepted in the thesaurus system for the databases we used. We identified 59 scientific articles that were deemed relevant to the purposes of the study. Of these, only 20 was about emotions as driving forces in a rehabilitation process back to work. Conclusion: The conclusion of the study is that the concepts of desire, longing, and vanity encompassed ideas, emotions, and values that influence how individuals perceived themselves and their situations. How individuals talk about and understand rehabilitation will undoubtedly play a role in how they respond to interventions, and thus, the success of the rehabilitation process back to work.Implications for rehabilitationEmotional energy often drives behavior and can provide significant motivation that potentially can mobilize vocational rehabilitation.The concepts of desire, longing and vanity encompass ideas, emotions, and values that influence individuals’ self-perception and their view of their situation. To engage people in discussions on what they long for and desire could be a new way to connect with a person in a rehabilitation situation.It can be less provoking to talk about what a person desires or longs for than to ask them what they want or are motivated for.Feelings of meaningfulness are a basic driving force and a contributing factor in how health is experienced. By affirming the desire to do activities that are liked, this in turn generates motivation to be engaged in other activities. Individual confidence is generated through the experience of mastering a skill and this in turn can underpin a desire to return to work after long-term sick leave. Earlier experience of success can be an inspiration and create expectations for a forthcoming working-role.Emotions relating to work such as pride can generate motivation in a rehabilitation process. Vanity and the possibility of being “ashamed” in a certain situation can be an emotional driving force to re-establish one’s self.

  • 39. Landstad, Bodil Johanne
    et al.
    Ekholm, Jan
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Broman, Lisbeth
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Schüldt, Kristina
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Working environmental conditions as experienced by women working despite pain: A prospective study with comparison groups of hospital cleaners and home help personnel receiving supportive measures at the workplace2000In: Work - A Journal of Prevention, Assessment and Rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, Vol. 15, p. 141-152Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Landstad, Bodil Johanne
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Olsson, Inger
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Social welfare in Singapore and Sweden: Differences in organisational systems of health care, social security and rehabilitation2008In: / [ed] International Journal of Disability Management Research, Brisbane: Australian Academic Press, 2008, p. 30-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study is to describe and compare the health care, social security and rehabilitation systems in Singapore and Sweden. Two fundamental differences can be identified. First, the system in Singapore are strongly oriented towards a free market system, while Sweden's demonstrates strong public control. Second, following from how the systems are oriented, Singaporeans are expected to have a higher degree of independence and control over their health care, social security and rehabilitation. It appears that Singapore has had greater success in attaining and maintaining a system of health promotion, which influences the three systems. However, the Swedish welfare system provides greater security to those who are in need of health care, social security and rehabilitation.

  • 41. Landstad, Bodil Johanne
    et al.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Ivergård, Toni
    Arbetslivsinstitutet.
    Gelin, Gunnar
    Arbetslivsinstitutet.
    Ekholm, Jan
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Change in pattern of absenteeism as a result of workplace intervention for personnel support2001In: Ergonomics, ISSN 0014-0139, E-ISSN 1366-5847, Vol. 44, no 1, p. 63-81Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Landstad, Bodil Johanne
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Åhrberg, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Fåfänga, lust och längtan: Känslomässigadrivkrafter för återgång till arbete för långtids­sjukskrivna kvinnor2012In: Helsesosiologi: analyser av helse, sykdom og behandling / [ed] Aksel Tjora, Oslo: Gyldendal Norsk Forlag A/S, 2012, 1, p. 371-388Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bokkapitlet bygger på ett intervjumaterial med kvinnor som efter längre tids sjukdom lyckats återgå till arbetslivet. I materialet framkom faktorer som kan karakteriseras som mer eller mindre självklara i förhållande till återgång till arbete: ekonomi, arbetsmoral, bemötande etc. Men, de intervjuade kvinnorna uttryckte också att känslor hade varit avgörande drivkrafter. Detta fångade vår uppmärksamhet. Fåfänga, lust och längtan – är det vanligt att sådana känsloaspekter lyfts fram och beskrivs som drivkrafter i en rehabiliteringsprocess? Nej, skulle det visa sig när vi gjorde litteratursök. Detta kan bero på att det ofta är den biomedicinska synen på hälsa som dominerar. Den biomedicinska inriktningen är reduktionistisk, dvs. att helheten reduceras till dess delar, t.ex. olika organsystem (Medin og Alexandersson, 2000). De känslomässiga aspekterna däremot anses inte viktiga i ett sådant perspektiv. I bokkapitlet argumenterar vi i stället för varför vi anser att en människa bör ses i den helhet och kontext som hon upplever sig vara i (Nettleton, 2006). Det känns därför viktigt att lyfta fram och diskutera känslomässiga drivkrafter eftersom just fåfänga, lust och längtan hade haft avgörande betydelse för kvinnorna i det empiriska materialet.

  • 43.
    Landstad, Bodil
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    BHT i små bedrifter - en fremtidig utfordring2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Landstad, Bodil
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Female leaders' experiences of psychosocial working conditions and its health consequences in Swedish public human service organizations2013In: Vulnerable Groups & Inclusion, ISSN 2000-8023, E-ISSN 2000-8023, Vol. 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Municipal workplaces have high levels of sickness absence, and deterioration of the psychosocial work environment has been most pronounced for women and employees in this sector of Swedish working life. This study explores how female leaders in one rural municipality in Sweden experience their psychosocial working conditions and its health consequences. Interviews were carried out with 20 female leaders. Data were analyzed with a content analysis method using major dimensions of work stress models. These were job demands, job control, job resources, social support, and its health consequences. The analysis shows that the leaders experience high and conflicting job demands, limited possibilities to influence their work situation, insufficient job resources and social support, and limited time for their own health promotion. However, the leaders experience possibilities to develop skills in their jobs and opportunities to participate in educational programs. The analyses confirm the need for improvements in the prerequisites for female leaders in public human service organizations. It is important to improve female leaders' psychosocial working conditions by implementing a more narrow control range, increased personal and economical recourses, leadership support, and leader development programs.

  • 45.
    Landstad, Bodil
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Female leaders’ experiences of psychosocial working conditions, health and vocational rehabilitation in Swedish public human service organizations.2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Landstad, Bodil
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Ivergård, Toni
    Arbetslivsinstitutet, Östersund.
    Gelin, Gunnar
    Ekholm, Jan
    Förändringar av frånvaromönster vid personalstödjande interventioner på arbetsplatser: Utveckling av en analysmodell för utvärdering av åtgärder1999Report (Refereed)
  • 47.
    Landstad, Bodil
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Wendelborg, C
    Department of Social Work and Health Science, Norwegian University of Technology and Science, Trondheim, Norway.
    Hedlund, M
    Faculty of Health Science, Nord-Trøndelag University College, Levanger, Norway.
    Factors explaining return to work for long-term sick workers in Norway2009In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 31, no 15, p. 1215-1226Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose. This study investigates factors that will affect the chances of long-term sick workers returning to work.

    Method. The study is based on a representative sample of persons with mental illnesses and musculoskeletal disorders who received a rehabilitation allowance in Norway in 2002. Their occupational status in 2005 and experiences from the rehabilitation process were charted through their responses to a questionnaire in combination with national register data. Our analytical framework is based on three domains: the medical domain, the domain of authoritative bodies and the production domain (working life), as described by Lindqvist (Att satta granser: organisationer och reformer i arbetsrehabiliteringen. Umea: Borea; 2000).

    Results. Our main findings are that earlier work experience, age and other members in household, in addition, to influence over one's own rehabilitation process explains whether workers on long-term sick leave return to work. Furthermore, individual factors such as gender and diagnosis (i.e. musculoskeletal disorder and mental illness) do not explain the probability to return to work. Experience and contact with representatives of the medical, the authoritative bodies and the production domain only explain to a small extent the probability to return to work. It is even interesting to note that regular contact with the social insurance office (SIO) has a negative effect on the probability to return to work. This may indicate that contact with the SIO subjects sick workers to a risk of developing a 'social insurance career' to secure their income.

    Conclusions. The findings show that the medical, the authoritative bodies and the production domain might represent different logics that can pull a sick worker in different directions during the rehabilitation process. However, these different logics do not fully explain, which outcome a rehabilitation process takes. It is important to extend the analysis to include how the individuals respond to these logics during the rehabilitation process.

  • 48.
    Larsson, Johan
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    To Control with Health - From Statistics to Strategy2009In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 49-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study is to develop and test a generic model for workplace health management in organizations. Four private and four public organizations in northern Sweden were selected for the study. A model for health control was developed on the basis of a literature review and dialogues with the stakeholders in the workplaces. The model was then implemented at the workplaces during a two-year period. Interviews with leaders and sub-leaders were conducted on two occasions and were analyzed using content analysis and the constant comparison method. By using a grounded theory approach, three main categories were found: health closure and other health and working environment indicators, monetary accounting of health related indicators and changes in leadership behaviour and organizational practices. An important result was that the model influenced leadership values more than leadership and organizational methodologies. From the results a model for workplace health management is proposed, incorporating the planning, control, and improvement structures. The purpose of the model is to take health aspects into consideration when deciding organizational structure (work demands, control and social support). The model controls health by using health-related indicators with high frequency measuring whereas workplace health promotion is done in a structured way with a reflective model.

  • 49.
    Larsson, Johan
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Wiklund, Håkan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Control charts as an early warning system for workplace health outcomes2011In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 39, no 4, p. 409-425Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     Introduction: Statistical Process Control (SPC) charts have not been widely used to monitor workplace health and work environments. This research and effort to develop a more accurate and easy to use management control system for employee health is important from a humanistic, societal and economic standpoint, as well as complying with laws that regulate work environments. Objective: The purpose of the study is to design and discuss control charts as an early warning system for workplace health outcomes to promote workplace health management. Another purpose is to discuss relevant factors in the concept of the Out-of-Control Action Plan (OCAP) as a response when a chart warns that the workplace process may be malfunctioning. Participants: Two Swedish organizations were selected as case study organizations: a department at a university and an elderly care operation in a municipality. Methods: This study was explorative and should be seen as a starting point in learning how to use control charts for workplace health management. Self-assessed general health and new sick-cases per employee were selected as indicators for the control charts. Results: An integrated early warning system with Cumulative Sums-and Shewhart-charts are presented to show a possible method as to how an early warning system can be structured through the use of statistical control charts. Conclusions: The conclusion of this study is that control charts, along with well-designed implementation, make up a powerful and useable managerial early-warning system which promotes workplace health and helps to prevent sickness absence.

  • 50.
    Lehto, Arja
    et al.
    Sociologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Olsson, Inger
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Landstad, Bodil J
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Jakten på en jämställd myndighet: Process- och måluppfyllelseanalys som utvärderingsmodell2009In: Lärande utvärdering genom följeforskning / [ed] Svensson L, Brulin G, Jansson S, Sjöberg K, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2009, 1:1, p. 223-243Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I kapitlet tas utgångspunkt i ett jämställdhetsprojekt som bedrevs inom en myndighet i Sverige. Projektet var ett förändringsarbete som pågick parallellt med en omfattande omorganisation av myndigheten. Jämställdhet skulle integreras i myndighetens organisation och verksamhet. Syftet med kapitlet är att beskriva hur köns- och organisationsforskning kan kombineras med en process- och måluppfyllelseanalysmodell i utvärdering av projekt.

12 1 - 50 of 69
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf