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  • 1.
    Fjell, Ylva
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Alexanderson, Kristina
    KI.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Bildt, Carina
    Högskolan Gotland.
    Perceived physical strain in paid and unpaid work and the work-home interface: the associations with musculoskeletal pain and fatigue among public employees.2008Ingår i: Women & health, ISSN 0363-0242, E-ISSN 1541-0331, Vol. 47, nr 1, s. 21-44Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study was to analyze the association between number of working hours, the level of perceived physical strain, work-home interface and musculoskeletal pain and fatigue among women and men employed in the public sector. Cross-sectional data from 1,180 employees (86% women) in 49 public workplaces in 2002-2003 were analyzed. Odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used as measures of the associations. The analyses showed differences as well as similarities between women and men. Overall the women reported higher levels of perceived physical strain relative to total workload. A high level of physical strain was strongly associated with musculoskeletal pain and fatigue. Nevertheless, no detrimental effects were observed on health of high total working hours which indicates that a large number of total working hours might be balanced by accompanying multiple roles or many responsibilities and therefore not be generally regarded as risk factors for ill health.

  • 2.
    Hagqvist, Emma
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Gillander Gådin, Katja
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Division of labor, perceived labor-related stress and well-being among European couples2012Ingår i: Open Journal of Preventive Medicine, ISSN 2162-2485, Vol. 2, nr 4, s. 452-460Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The objective of this study was to analyze how involvement in paid and unpaid work and perceived labor-related stress are re- lated to the well-being of married or cohabiting men and women in Europe. Methods: Data from the European Social Survey round two has been used. The sample consists of 5800 women and 6952 men, aged between 18 - 65 years. Exposure variables were divided into labor involvement, time spent on paid and unpaid work, and la- bor-related stress. Multiple logistic regressions with 95 % confidence interval were used. Re- sults: Women spent more hours on housework than men did, but fewer hours on paid work. Women tended to perceive higher degrees of housework-related stress than men did. Fur- thermore, women who experienced housework- related stress tended to have higher odds of reporting a low level of perceived well-being than men, while men had higher odds of report- ing a low level of perceived well-being when they experienced work/family conflicts. Conclu- sion: For both men and women, the perceptions of labor involvement are of more importance for the well-being than the actual time spent on paid and unpaid work. This implies that, when study- ing the relationship between labor involvement and well-being, perceived stress should be con- sidered.

  • 3.
    Hagqvist, Emma
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Gillander Gådin, Katja
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Work-family conflict and well-being across Europe: The role of gender context2017Ingår i: Social Indicators Research, ISSN 0303-8300, E-ISSN 1573-0921, Vol. 132, nr 2, s. 785-797Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analysed whether gender context is important to differences in therelationship between work–family conflict (WFC) and well-being across Europe. Wehypothesised that in countries that support equality in work life and where norms supportwomen’s employment, the relationship between WFC and low well-being is weaker than incountries with less support for gender equality. Cohabiting men and women aged18–65 years from 25 European countries were selected from the European Social Survey.A multilevel analysis was conducted to investigate the relationship between well-being andWFC, and two measurements were used to represent gender context: gender equality inwork life and norms regarding women’s employment. Contrary to the hypothesis, theresults showed that the negative relationship was stronger in countries with high levels ofgender equality in work life and support for women’s employment than in countries with arelatively low level of gender equality in work life and support for traditional genderrelations. The context in which gender is constructed may be important when studying therelationship between WFC and well-being. In addition, emphasis should be placed onpolicies that equalise both the labour market and the work performed at home.

  • 4.
    Hagqvist, Emma
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Perez, G.
    Trujillo Aleman, S.
    Gillander Gådin, Katja
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Are changes in parental leave policies related to gendered time use?: A case study of Spain and SwedenManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 5.
    Hagqvist, Emma
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Pérez, Glória
    Barcelona Agency of Public Health.
    Trujillo Alemán, Sara
    Barcelona Agency of Public Health.
    Gillander Gådin, Katja
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Parental leave policies and time use for mothers and fathers: A case study of Spain and Sweden2017Ingår i: Society, health and vulnerability, E-ISSN 2002-1518, Vol. 8, nr 1, s. 2-12, artikel-id 1374103Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    States play an important role in gender equality through policy structuring. In this case study, the aim is to explore whether changes in parental leave policies over two decades trickle down to changes in gendered time use in two polarised countries: Sweden and Spain, represented by the Basque Country. Sweden represents dual-earner countries with high relative gender equality, whereas Spain represents a south European policy model supporting a breadwinning/homemaker ideal. The results show that changes in the gendered time use among mothers and fathers in both countries are associated with changes in parental leave policies. Changes in policies directed towards increasing gender equality reduce the gender gap in time use among mothers and fathers and seem to increase gender equality within a country. From these results, the conclusion is that parental leave policies that are structured to promote or enable gender equality could reduce the gender time gap in work among mothers and fathers.

  • 6.
    Hagqvist, Emma
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap. Levanger Hospital, Nord-Trøndelag Hospital Trust, Levanger, Norway.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Is the gap between experienced working conditions and the perceived importance of these conditions related to subjective health?2018Ingår i: International Journal of Workplace Health Management, ISSN 1753-8351, E-ISSN 1753-836X, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 2-15Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this paper is to explore the gaps between experienced working conditions (WCs) and the perceived importance of these conditions in relation to subjective health in Swedish public sector workplaces.

    Design/methodology/approach

    In total, 379 employees answered questions concerning WCs and health. Nine WC areas were created to measure the gap between the experienced WCs and the perceived importance of each condition. These WC areas were: physical work environment, social relationships, communication, leadership, job control, recognition, self-development, workplace culture and work/life satisfaction. Subjective health was measured using mental ill health, well-being and general health.

    Findings

    The results indicated relatively large gaps in all nine WC areas. Leadership, physical work environment and work/life satisfaction in particular seemed to be problematic areas with relatively large gaps, meaning that employees have negative experiences of these areas while perceiving these areas as very important. Additionally, all WC areas were significantly related to subjective health, especially regarding mental ill health and well-being; the larger the gaps, the worse the subjective health. The WC areas of work/life satisfaction, self-development, social relationships, communication and recognition had the highest relationships and model fits. This indicates that it is most problematic from an employee’s point of view if there are large gaps within these WC areas.

    Originality/value

    This study improves the understanding of workplace health by exploring the gap between experienced WCs and the perceived importance of these conditions.

  • 7.
    Johansson Sevä, Ingemar
    et al.
    Department of Sociology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden .
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Strandh, Mattias
    Department of Sociology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden .
    Subjective well-being among the self-employed in Europe - macroeconomy, gender and immigrant status2016Ingår i: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 46, nr 2, s. 239-253Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research shows that the selfemployed generally experience a higher degree of jobsatisfaction compared to regular employees. However, our knowledge of subjective well-being among the self-employed, the differences between various groups of self-employed and the potential influence of contextual factors is somewhat limited. The purpose of the present paper is to address this gap by taking macroeconomic conditions, gender and immigrant status into consideration. The results show that selfemployment is positively related to subjective wellbeing, but there are also differences between groups of the self-employed; self-employed with employees report a higher level of life satisfaction than the selfemployed without employees. Economic growth is more important for the level of life satisfaction among the self-employed than among employees. The analyses also point to different patterns for female and male self-employed without employees: only women experience a higher level of life satisfaction compared to employees. The results also show that the relationship is stronger among immigrants than natives. The results of this study confirm the importance of considering potential heterogeneity when examining subjective well-being among the self-employed.

  • 8.
    Klockmo, Carolina
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Marnetoft, Sven-Uno
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Moving toward a recovery-oriented approach in the Swedish mental health system: an interview study of Personligt Ombud in Sweden2012Ingår i: Vulnerable Groups & Inclusion, ISSN 2000-8023, Vol. 3, s. 1-16Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Personligt Ombud (PO) is a Swedish version of case management (CM) which was established with the Swedish Mental Health Reform in 1995. The main purpose of POs is to ensure that people with psychiatric disabilities receive the services needed to live an independent life in the community and to coordinate these services. Studies have shown that POs provide more support than this and it was interesting to investigate this further.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to explore what supportive strategies Personligt Ombuds (POs) use in their work with the clients who have PO support.

    Method: To obtain extensive descriptions of strategies that POs use in work, POs from different parts of Sweden were chosen and asked to participate in the study and 22 POs agreed to participate. The interviews were conducted over the telephone. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed using qualitative content analysis.

    Findings: The findings of the study were reflected in a main category where PO could be described as a facilitator of an active changing process, where the clients make their personal changes in life, based on personal active choices. POs used several strategies, such as defining goals, acting to push the client forward, acting as mentors, strengthening the client and mobilizing external resources.

    Conclusion: Many of the strategies POs used are similar to strategies in recovery-oriented services and, in particular, in Strengths Model Case Management. However, there are strategies that POs could develop to be even more recovery-oriented. There is a lack of systematic review of the strengths of a client, and this could be solved by using an already existing assessment instrument like the one in the Strengths Model Case Management.

  • 9.
    Klockmo, Carolina
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Marnetoft, Sven-Uno
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Dalin, Rolf
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Knowledge and attitude regarding recovery among mental health practitioners in Sweden2012Ingår i: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, ISSN 0342-5282, E-ISSN 1473-5660, Vol. 35, nr 1, s. 62-68Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to investigate the knowledge and the attitude regarding recovery among practitioners working in the Swedish mental health system, Personligt Ombud (PO), Supported Housing Team (SHT) and Psychiatric Out Patient Service (POPS), to determine whether and how knowledge and attitude regarding recovery differ between the three services. A web-based questionnaire based on the Recovery Knowledge Inventory was sent to the participants. Participant selection ensured that different parts of Sweden were represented. A multiple linear regression was used to examine the result under control of Sex, Age, Educational Level, Further Education, Relevant Work Experience and Training in Recovery. The result of the regression showed that POs had higher scores than both SHT and POPS on the subscales, even under control of other variables. The SHT differed significantly from POs on two of the subscales and POPS differed significantly from POs on all subscales. Personnel with university education, more work experience or specific training in recovery also had a higher mean score. Swedish practitioners need to learn more about certain aspects of the recovery process. The differences between the services may possibly be due to the services’ organization, assignment and role. Other important aspects were the level of education and having specific training in recovery; the combination of these elements could facilitate the development of a recovery-oriented mental health system.

  • 10.
    Klockmo, Carolina
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Marnetoft, Sven-Uno
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Selander, John
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Important components to create personal working alliances with clients in the mental health sector to support the recovery process2014Ingår i: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, ISSN 0342-5282, E-ISSN 1473-5660, Vol. 37, nr 1, s. 40-47Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Personligt ombud (PO) is a Swedish version of case management that aims to support individuals with psychiatric disabilities. Guidelines to the PO service emphasize the different role that the PO plays with respect to the relationship with clients. The aim of this study was to investigate the components that POs found to be important in the relationship with clients. Telephone interviews with 22 POs across Sweden were carried out. The interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The relationship with each client was described as the foundation of the POs' work; it was the only 'tool' they had. The findings were reflected in a main theme, which showed the importance of creating personal working alliances with each client where POs put the client at the center of the work and adjusted their support according to the client's needs at the time. Important components were that the PO and the client trusted each other, that the power between the PO and the client was balanced, and to be a personal support. Many of the components that POs found to be important are shown as essential in recovery-oriented services. POs followed the client in the process and remained as long as necessary and this is one way of bringing hope to the client's recovery process. However, the personal tone can be fraught with difficulties and to maintain professionalism, it is necessary to reflect, through discussions with colleagues, with the leader and in supervision.

  • 11.
    Månsdotter, Anna
    et al.
    Karolinska institutet.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Hammarström, Anne
    Umeå universitet.
    The importance of childhood and adulthood aspects of gendered life for adult mental ill-health symptoms – a 27-year follow-up of the Northern Swedish Cohort2012Ingår i: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 12, s. Art. no. 493-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The increasing gender equality during the 20th century, mainly in the Nordic countries, represents a major social change. A well-established theory is that this may affect the mental health patterns of women and men. This study aimed at examining associations between childhood and adulthood gendered life on mental ill-health symptoms.

    Methods: A follow-up study of a cohort of all school leavers in a medium-sized industrial town in northern Sweden was performed from age 16 to age 42. Of those still alive of the original cohort, 94% (n = 1007) participated during the whole period. Gendered life was divided into three stages according to whether they were traditional or non-traditional (the latter includes equal): childhood (mother’s paid work position), adulthood at age 30 (ideology and childcare), and adulthood at age 42 (partnership and childcare). Mental ill-health was measured by self-reported anxious symptoms (“frequent nervousness”) and depressive symptoms (“frequent sadness”) at age 42. The statistical method was logistic regression analysis, finally adjusted for earlier mental ill-health symptoms and social confounding factors.

    Results: Generally, parents’gendered life was not decisive for a person’s own gendered life, and adulthood gender position ruled out the impact of childhood gender experience on self-reported mental ill-health. For women, non-traditional gender ideology at age 30 was associated with decreased risk of anxious symptoms (76% for traditional childhood, 78% for non-traditional childhood). For men, non-traditional childcare at age 42 was associated with decreased risk of depressive symptoms (84% for traditional childhood, 78% for non-traditional childhood). A contradictory indication was that non-traditional women in childcare at age 30 had a threefold increased risk of anxious symptoms at age 42, but only when having experienced a traditional childhood.

    Conclusion: Adulthood gender equality is generally good for self-reported mental health regardless of whether one opposes or continues one’s gendered history. However, the childcare findings indicate a differentiated picture; men seem to benefit in depressive symptoms from embracing this traditionally female duty, while women suffer anxious symptoms from departing from it, if their mother did not.

  • 12.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Arbete och familj: En källa till konflikt2007Ingår i: Loop, ISSN 1653-073X, Vol. 3, s. 51-53Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 13.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Arbetsliv, familjeliv och kön2004Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett övergripande syfte med boken är att fördjupa kunskapen om och förståelsen för ojämställdhet och jämställdhet mellan könen. I centrum står det obetalda arbetet i hemmet och det betalda arbetet på den reguljära arbetsmarknaden. Innehållet och syftet kan delas i två huvuddelar. Den första delen kretsar kring frågan vilka faktorer som påverkar hur mycket män och kvinnor engagerar sig i förvärvsarbete respektive hushållsarbete, samt hur dessa olika typer av arbeten hänger samman och påverkar varandra. Den andra centrala forskningsfrågan är vad den tid och energi som kvinnor och män ägnar åt förvärvsarbete respektive hushållsarbete betyder för välbefinnande och upplevelse av rollkonflikter. Resultaten grundar sig på empiriska studier av sambanden mellan arbetsliv, familjeliv och kön som genomförts under 1990-talets senare del samt under den inledande delen av 2000-talet. De flesta har publicerats i tidskrifter och böcker som separata artiklar, företrädesvis på engelska. Artiklarna har omvandlats och integrerats så att de tillsammans bildar en helhet som syftar till att öka förståelsen för vad som påverkar kvinnors och mäns engagemang i arbetsliv och familjeliv, samt vad detta betyder för välbefinnandet. Exempel på resultat: - Det är först när mannen är öppet arbetslös och kvinnan arbetar heltid i ett förhållande som hushållsarbetet är någorlunda jämnt fördelat. - Skillnader i könsrollsvärderingar förklarar en del av de länderskillnader som finns rörande hushållsarbetets fördelning och kvinnors arbetsmarknadsdeltagande. - Cirka 40 procent av alla heltidsarbetande mödrar skulle vilja arbeta mindre, vilket kan jämföras med 11 procent bland män i samma situation. - Det är fler kvinnor i Sverige, jämfört med svenska män och kvinnor från andra länder, som upplever att arbetet ofta kommer i konflikt med familjelivet.

  • 14.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Arbetslöshetskoncentration: Ett resultat av negativa attityder gentemot arbete?1999Ingår i: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, nr 3, s. 4-21Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article studies the concentration of unemployment within families and social networks in Sweden. The study, which is based on two random samples, one consisting of approximately 47 000 young people and their parents and one consisting of 3 500 unemployed persons, raises the question of whether unemployment concentration mainly is caused by negative values towards employment or by structural factors. The results show that it is common for persons who are unemployed and have experienced longer periods of unemployment to have unemployed family members and friends. The causes of the unemployment concentration can be traced to structural factors such as class, ethnicity, age, unemployment rate and population in the district etc., rather than to the attitudes of the members of the unemployed group.

  • 15.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Balancing work and family demands: Do increasing demands increase stress?2004Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, Vol. 32, nr 6, s. 450-455Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: The aim of this study is to analyse how increasing demands from work and family life affect the level of strain and whether there are any significant gender differences in this respect. This is be done by testing the following hypotheses: An increase in work and family demands causes (a) an increased risk of suffering from fatigue; (b) an increased need for working fewer hours. Methods: The hypotheses are analysed by using a longitudinal data set consisting of nearly 9,000 Swedish individuals. Results: Multiple demands increase the risk of suffering from fatigue among both women and men, but it is only among women that an increase in the percentage desiring a reduction in their working hours can be found. Conclusions: The results support the role stress theory, especially among women.

  • 16.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Bråk och rollkonflikter – jämställdhetens avigsida?2008Ingår i: Jämställdhetens pris, Umeå: Boréa , 2008, s. 111-134Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 17.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Combining work and care in Russia and Sweden. Zhanna Kravchenkos PhD thesis, Department of Sociology, Stockholm University2009Ingår i: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, nr 1, s. 100-102Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 18.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Disagreement about division of household labour and experiences of work-family conflict in different gender regimes2013Ingår i: Géneros. Multidiciplinary Journal of Gender Studies, ISSN 2014-3613, Vol. 2, nr 3, s. 205-232Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 19.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Disagreement about division of work among couples in Europe: The role of gender ideology and labour involvement2008Ingår i: Nordic Social Attitudes in a European Perspective, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2008, s. 152-171Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 20.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Does gender ideology explain differences between countries regarding the involvement of women and men in paid and unpaid work?2004Ingår i: International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, Vol. 13, nr 3, s. 233-243Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Women spend more time doing household work than men, and men spend more time working at paying jobs outside the home than women. But studies also show that there are major differences between countries regarding the degree to which women and men involve themselves in different kinds of labour activity. The main aim of the article is to analyse the significance of gender ideology when studying differences between countries regarding the involvement of women and men in paid and unpaid work. The analysis is based on national random samples from ten OECD countries that were collected within the framework of ISSP 1994. The conclusions are: (a) gender ideology has an impact in all the studied countries on the degree to which women and men involve and engage themselves in labour and (b) gender ideology partially explains the differences between countries regarding women�s and men�s involvement in paid and unpaid work.

  • 21.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Employment commitment and psychological well-being among unemployed men and women1999Ingår i: Acta Sociologica, ISSN 0001-6993, E-ISSN 1502-3869, Vol. 42, nr 2, s. 135-146Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies employment commitment and psychological well-being among a random sample of 3 500 unemployed men and women in Sweden. The study observes which factors govern the level of employment commitment and if there are any significant differences between unemployed men and women in this respect. The article also discusses the importance of commitment to employment when analysing psychological well-being among unemployed. The results emphasise the psychosocial value of the former job, the activity level as unemployed and age when studying employment commitment among both men and women. However, the results also indicate that age and family situation affect unemployed women�s and men�s levels of commitment to paid employment in different ways. Further, both unemployed men and women with a strong non-financial employment motivation have a significantly higher risk of experiencing poor mental well-being than those with lower commitment to employment. In conclusion, the results from this study speak against the hypothesis that the high unemployment rates among certain categories of people are mainly a result of low motivation to be employed.

  • 22.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Familjesituation och arbetsmarknadsstatus: Vad förklarar ensamstående föräldrars låga sannolikhet att erhålla ett arbete?2000Ingår i: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 6, nr 2, s. 97-111Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna undersökning är att studera om, och i så fall varför, ensamstående föräldrar har en lägre sannolikhet än andra familjekonstellationer att komma tillbaka till ett arbete när de väl blivit arbetslösa. Studiens frågeställningar analyseras med hjälp av en longitudinell undersökning av 3 500 slumpmässigt utvalda arbetslösa. Resultaten visar att ensamstående föräldrar som är arbetslösa har cirka hälften så stor chans att få ett arbete, jämfört med sammanboende föräldrar. Detta kan till viss del förklaras av att ensamstående med barn oftare är lågutbildade, både generellt sett och vad gäller yrkesutbildning. De mår också sämre, både psykiskt och fysiskt, och de ser mer negativt på framtiden än andra familjetyper.

  • 23.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Gender regime, attitudes towards childcare and actual involvement in childcare among fathers2015Ingår i: Fatherhood in the Nordic welfare states : Comparing care policies and practice / [ed] Guðný Björk Eydal and Tine Rostgaard, Bristol: Policy Press, 2015, 1, s. 163-184Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 24.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Minut för minut mot en jämställd tid2014Ingår i: Glimtar av jämställdhet / [ed] Anne Grönlund, Umeå: Boréa Bokförlag, 2014, 1, s. 33-50Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 25.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Multiple social roles - a resource or a burden: Is it possible for men and women to combine paid work with family life in a satisfactory way?2002Ingår i: Gender, Work & Organization, ISSN 0968-6673, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 125-145Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to study whether multiple social roles can be seen as a resource or a burden, or in other words, if a strong engagement in both paid work and family life is a positive or negative experience for men and women respectively. The main data used is a data set from Statistics Sweden, the so-called ULF (The study of living conditions), in which nearly 30 000 randomly selected individuals were interviewed. When analysing how the combined family and labour market situation is related to the number of preferred working hours and psychological distress of individuals, the results show that it is primarily cohabiting women with children who work more than 40 hours per week, that want to reduce their working hours. However, the distress level is not relatively high for this category. Results indicating that many women, and some men, who have multiple social roles express a wish to reduce their working hours, but this does not necessarily mean that the levels of distress are higher for these groups. This may be a result of the fact that the alternative resources provided by multiple social roles in some sense outweigh the stressful effects that double demands have on psychological distress.

  • 26.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Multiple social roles and well-being: a longitudinal test of the role stress theory and the role expansion theory2004Ingår i: Acta Sociologica, ISSN 0001-6993, Vol. 47, nr 2, s. 115-126Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In general, Western societies believe that people should engage in a multitude of social activities and develop multiple social roles. The assumption is that having multiple roles is beneficial to the individual. However, it also means that life is more complex and that people have to handle sometimes conflicting demands. Earlier research on the effects of multiple roles on individual well-being has not provided a clear picture, some results supporting the role stress theory and some the role expansion theory. This article tests empirically the relevance of the role stress theory and the role expansion theory by analysing whether having multiple social roles in general decreases or increases individual well-being. The results are based on a panel study of nearly 9000 randomly selected Swedes. The conclusion is that both number of social roles and any increase in social roles are negatively correlated with the risk of suffering from insomnia and a lingering illness, and the risk of being on regular medication for a lingering illness. These findings indicate that having multiple social roles increases individual well-being; the results therefore support the role expansion theory.

  • 27.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Non-financial employment motivation and well-being in different labour market situations: A Longitudinal Study1999Ingår i: Work, Employment and Society, ISSN 0950-0170, Vol. 13, nr 4, s. 601-620Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The main aim of the article is to examine non-financial employment motivation and mental well-being among people in different labour market situations, such as unemployment, stimulating employment or instrumental employment, and to control for the possibility that variations in motivation and well-being are either caused by the present labour market status or are the result of a selection process. The article is based on a panel study of 1782 Swedes who were interviewed at the beginning of 1996, when all were unemployed, and then again at the end of 1997, when the labour market situation had changed for some of them. The results show that, in 1997, the unemployed have the same level of employment commitment as individuals with instrumental jobs, but as compared to people with stimulating jobs, their non-financial employment motivation is weaker. In general, the unemployed report poorer mental well-being than the employed. Results support the hypothesis that the substantial changes in employ¬ment commitment and mental health observed between 1996 and 1997 are primarily due to the labour market situation in 1997. The results refute the notion that the level of employment motivation is a main determinant of the likelihood of getting a paid job.

  • 28.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Sociala relationer och upplevelse av ensamhet2006Ingår i: Äldres levnadsförhållanden: Arbete, ekonomi, hälsa och sociala nätverk 1980-2003, Stockholm: Statistiska centralbyrån (SCB) , 2006, s. 638-Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 29.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Sverige blir jämställt redan under 2020-talet2011Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 30.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    The concentration of unemployment within families and social networks.: A question concerning attitudes or structural factors?1999Ingår i: European Sociological Review, ISSN 0266-7215, Vol. 15, nr 1, s. 49-59Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article studies the concentration of unemployment within families and social networks in Sweden. The study, which is based on two random samples, one consisting of ca. 47 000 young people and their parents and one consisting of 3 500 unemployed persons, raises the question of whether unemployment concentration mainly is caused by negative values towards employment or by structural factors. The results show that it is common for persons who are unemployed and have experienced longer periods of unemployment to have unemployed family members and friends. The causes of the unemployment concentration can be traced to structural factors such as class, ethnicity, age, unemployment rate and population in the district etc., rather than to the attitudes of the members of the unemployed group.

  • 31.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    The importance of job and family satisfaction for happiness among women and men in different gender regimes2018Ingår i: Societies, E-ISSN 2075-4698, Vol. 8, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The family and the work place are two arenas of central importance for most adult people. Consequently, one can assume that the level of satisfaction with one’s family life and job may be critical to one’s level of happiness in general. However, there are reasons to believe that there are variations according to gender and gender regime. The general aim of this study is to analyse the relative importance of job satisfaction and satisfaction with family life for happiness among women and men in different gender regimes. Analyses are based on comparative data from the International Social Survey Program 2012. Results show that the level of satisfaction with family life appears more important to the general level of happiness than the level of job satisfaction. This is true for both women and men and in different gender regimes. However, the level of satisfaction with family life appears less important to men’s level of happiness in countries representing a conservative gender regime. Another interesting related result is that the level of happiness appears generally lower among women living in a conservative gender regime.

  • 32.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Unemployment2006Ingår i: The Blackwell encyclopedia of sociology Vol X ST-Z, Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2006, s. 5090-5091Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 33.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Unemployment and family life: The relationship among employment status, household division of labour and well-being2000Ingår i: Walking a tightrope: meeting the challenges of work and family / [ed] Harvey, Carol D., Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 34.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Unemployment, Employment Commitment and Well-being: The Psychosocial Meaning of (Un)employment among Women and Men1999Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The general aim of this thesis is to study the psychosocial meaning of (un)employment among women and men. This is mainly done by analysing employment commitment, or non-financial employment motivation, and mental well-being among a random sample of 3 500 Swedes that were interviewed in the beginning of 1996, when all were unemployed, and then again in the end of 1997, when the labour market situation varied. In general, the results from this study support the unemployment studies that have emphasised the importance of employment for the possibility to create and maintain a satisfactory life situation.

  • 35.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Är upplevelse av stress mellan arbetsliv och familjeliv ett hinder för kvinnors arbetsmarknadsdeltagande?2008Ingår i: Arbete, hälsa och kön, Sundsvall: Mittuniversitetet , 2008, s. 50-60Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 36.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Gillander Gådin, Katja
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Selander, John
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Sjödin, Jenny
    Umeå Universitet.
    Sellström, Eva
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Self-rated health among young Europeans not in employment, education or training-with a focus on the conventionally unemployed and the disengaged2015Ingår i: Vulnerable Groups & Inclusion, ISSN 2000-8023, E-ISSN 2000-8023, Vol. 6, artikel-id 25824Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    NEET is an acronym for Not in Employment, Education or Training. For the year 2010, it isestimated that 12.5% of all young people aged 1524 in the OECD countries could be categorised as NEETs. Within this group, various subgroups of NEET are identified. Our study, which was conducted using cross-sectional data collected through the European Social Survey, focuses on the category of people who are assumed to be most marginalised and inactive: ‘‘the disengaged.’’ Participants in the study were men and women aged 1830, originating from 33 European countries. The results show that disengaged NEETs reported poorer health than both young people who were conventionally unemployed and those in employment or studying. It is also shown that ‘‘the disengaged’’ scored worse on other social and welfare variables, for example, trust and social activity. Being disengaged is discussed in relation to the gross domestic products of the different countries.

  • 37.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Grönlund, Anne
    Umeå Universitet.
    Halleröd, Björn
    Umeå Universitet.
    Evertsson, Lars
    Umeå Universitet.
    Nilsson, Karina
    Umeå Universitet.
    Norberg-Schönfeldt, M
    Umeå Universitet.
    Nyman, Charlott
    Umeå Universitet.
    Wikström, Magnus
    Umeå Universitet.
    Vi kan inte bortse från jämställdhetens baksida2008Ingår i: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, nr 090104, s. A06-A06Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 38.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Hagqvist, Emma
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Sickness Presenteeism among the Self-employed and Employed in Northwestern Europe—The Importance of Time Demands2019Ingår i: SH@W Safety and Health at Work, ISSN 2093-7911, E-ISSN 2093-7997, Vol. 10, nr 2, s. 224-228Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: European policymakers encourage individuals to become self-employed because it is a way to promote innovation and job creation. It can be assumed that health and well-being among the self-employed and managers in small-scale enterprises are particularly crucial in this enterprise group because the smallness of the enterprise makes its members vulnerable. Earlier studies have indicated that the self-employed have a high working pace and work for long and irregular hours, indicating that it can be difficult to stay at home because of sickness. The purpose of this study is to investigate the occurrence of sickness presenteeism among the self-employed in relation to the organizationally employed and to analyze whether any differences can be explained by higher work demands among the self-employed. Methods: The study is based on the fifth European survey on working conditions (2010) and includes the northwestern European countries in the survey. The questions cover a wide range of topics designed to meet the European Union's political needs. The main variables in this study are sickness presenteeism and several indicators of time demands. Results: The results show that the self-employed report a higher level of sickness presenteeism than the employed: 52.4 versus 43.6%. All indicators of time demands are significantly related to the risk for sickness presenteeism, also when controlling for background characteristics. Conclusion: The results confirm that the level of sickness presenteeism is higher among the self-employed and that high time demands are a major explanation to this. 

  • 39.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Nyman, Charlott
    Fair or unfair?: Perceived Fairness of Household Division of Labour and Gender Equality among Women and Men: The Swedish case2003Ingår i: European Journal of Women's Studies, ISSN 1350-5068, Vol. 10, nr 2, s. 181-209Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The main aim of this study is to analyse how time use, individual resources, distributive justice and gender ideology influence perceptions of fairness concerning housework and gender equality. The analyses are based on survey data as well as on an interview study, both including Swedish couples. The quantitative results show that it is only factors connected to time use (division of housework and leisure time) that are significantly correlated to both perceptions of fairness concerning division of household labour and gender equality. Although the qualitative results in part confirm this picture, they also illustrate the complexity of concepts like fairness and equality. The interviews show that there are several factors and mechanisms at work in influencing perceptions of fairness and equality that were not possible to see from the quantitative analysis alone.

  • 40.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Rashid, SamanMittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Arbete, hälsa och kön2008Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Under åren 2007 och 2008 har ett antal forskare vid Mittuniversitetet arbetat inom ramen för projektet ”Hälsofrämjande i arbetslivet” vars mål var att öka kunskapen om faktorer som bidrar till ett friskare arbetsliv och ökat kvinnligt företagande, samt hur de strukturella förutsättningarna kan anpassas för att gynna en önskvärd utveckling i Jämtlands län. Rapporten ”Arbete, hälsa och kön” redovisar i olika kapitel stora delar av den forskning som bedrivits kring dessa områden. Anledningen till att resultaten redovisas i rapportserien Genusstudier vid Mittuniversitetet, som är en del av den verksamhet som bedrivs inom ramen för Forum för genusvetenskap, är att texterna till stora delar diskuterar och analyserar könsdimensionen och att de därmed är goda exempel på den omfattande forskning som bedrivs vid Mittuniversitetet om mäns och kvinnors (skilda) livsvillkor. Rapporten består av sju kapitel som ur olika perspektiv och med hjälp av olika metodologiska angreppssätt analyserar och diskuterar frågor kring arbete, hälsa och kön. De olika metoder som används är textanalys, intervjuer samt kvantitativa analyser och de empiriska underlagen spänner från regionala data från Jämtland till nationella och internationella undersökningar. Oavsett om data anknyter till jämtlandsregionen eller ej så bidrar de med en ökad kunskap om olika relationer mellan arbetsliv, hälsa, kön och genus i denna region.

     

    Innehåll:

    Mikael Nordenmark: Inledning

    Lena Karlqvist: Arbetsmiljö, jämställdhet och hälsa vid Företag/Organisationer i Jämtland och Västernorrland

    Erna Danielsson och Johanna Overud: Frivillighet, skyldighet eller frivillig skyldighet? Om genus och handlingsutrymme i civilsamhället

    Stig Vinberg: Mikroföretagande - kön, arbetsvillkor och hälsa

    Mikael Nordenmark: Är upplevelse av stress mellan arbetsliv och familjeliv ett hinder för kvinnors arbetsmarknadsdeltagande

    Kristina Zampoukos: "Det lilla extra" - om ekonomiserigen av vård och omsorg och det meningsfulla arbetet

    Patrik Millet: Ledarstilar, kontroll, nätverk och finansiell prestation i små och medelstora företag i Jämtland

    Stig Vinberg: Ledarskap för ett hälsosamt arbetsliv - reflektioner utifrån tre jämtländska projekt

  • 41.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Stattin, M
    Pensionering och välbefinnande - betydelsen av pensionsorsak och inflytande2006Ingår i: Äldres levnadsförhållanden.: Arbete, ekonomi, hälsa och sociala nätverk 1980-2003, Stockholm: Statistiska centralbyrån (SCB) , 2006, s. 638-Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 42.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Stattin, Mikael
    Umeå Universitet.
    Psychosocial wellbeing and reasons for retirement in Sweden2009Ingår i: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779, Vol. 29, nr Part 3, s. 413-430Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Given the increased heterogeneity characterising the transition from work to retirement, this study aimed to analyse the associations between different reasons for leaving the labour market and psychosocial wellbeing as a pensioner. The study was based on the so-called PSAE survey (Panel Survey of Ageing and the Elderly), which is a nationally representative survey of the living conditions of elderly people in Sweden. The results show that almost half of all pensioners cited health problems as a contributory cause for leaving working life. Furthermore, those who retired due to push factor reasons, such as health problems or labour market reasons, experienced a lower degree of psychosocial wellbeing than those who retired for other reasons. People who were able to influence the time of their retirement and those who were satisfied with their time of retirement experienced a better psychosocial wellbeing than those who had less chance to influence their retirement and those who were not satisfied with their retirement age.

     

     

  • 43.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Strandh, Mattias
    Towards a Sociological Understanding of Mental Well being Among the Unemployed � s: The Role of Economic and Psychosocial Factors1999Ingår i: Sociology: the journal of the British Sociological Association, ISSN 0038-0385, Vol. 33, nr 3, s. 577-597Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Classic research on unemployment and mental health has focused on the functions of employment. These functions are considered to be of equal importance for all unemployed. A critique of this perspective has been that it views the unemployed as passive and homogenous. Instead, an agency approach has been suggested, which focuses on the individual goals of the unem¬ployed. This paper develops and tests a model for understanding the differentiated mental conse¬quences of unemployment, which on a theoretical level integrates both the structural restrictions of the unemployment situation and the agency of the individual. The model is based on previous findings which indicate that mental well-being is dependent on the economic need for employment, on the one hand, and on the psychosocial need for employment, on the other hand. The model integrates both these aspects and results show that the combined effect is of central importance for the differentiated mental well-being of the unemployed. The analysis is based on a longitudinal survey of 3 500 randomly selected, unemployed Swedes.

  • 44.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Strandh, Mattias
    Layte, Richard
    The impact of unemployment benefit system on mental wellbeing of the unemployed in Sweden, Ireland and Great Britain2006Ingår i: European Societies, ISSN 1461-6696, Vol. 8, nr 1, s. 83-110Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the availability of social support and psychological attachment to work have been shown to influence�t mental well-being in unemployment, the main determinant suggested in research is economic strain. Yet, though the level of state support in unemployment is the most crucial determinant of economic strain, there has been little research on the impact of welfare benefit regime on mental well-being among the unemployed. In this paper we compare the impact of benefit regime by comparing unemployed in Britain, Ireland and Sweden. We find that the type of benefit received is an important determinant of mental distress with income replacement benefits being more beneficial than flat rate benefits. Results also show that different systems differentially impact on different groups with income replacement benefits tending to maintain preunemployment differences in distress and flat rate benefits equalising these differences.

  • 45.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Strandh, Mattias
    Sociologiska institutionen, Umeå universitet.
    Job control and demands, work-life balance and wellbeing among self-employed men and women in Europe.2012Ingår i: Vulnerable Groups & Inclusion, ISSN 2000-8023, Vol. 3Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Self-employed persons and their enterprises are regarded as important to the economy for their contribution to economic development. However, an understanding of the relationship between the psychosocial working conditions, the work-life balance, and outcomes such as health and wellbeing among the self-employed and micro-enterprise is limited. The main aim of this article is to study the relationships between control and demands at work, the work-life balance and wellbeing among self-employed men and women. Data were obtained from the European Social Survey Program (ESS) 2004 which is an interview survey conducted in 26 European countries (n = 15 789). Wellbeing is measured by the WHO-Five Wellbeing Index and work-life balance is measured by an index consisting of two questions asking about work-life balance/conflict. The results show that men and women who are self-employed experience a lower level of work-life balance than the employed and this result is found more in men than women. When job control and demands are held constant for the self-employed and the employed, self-employed women experience a significantly higher level of work-life balance than do employed women, yet self-employed men experience a similar level of work-life balance as do employed men. Self-employed women have a slightly higher level of wellbeing than do employed women and the difference between the self-employed and employed men is non-significant. When controlling for the level of job control the relationship between self-employment and wellbeing is non-significant among women and is significantly negative among men. In sum, the results of this study confirm that the psychosocial working conditions are important because demands and control in work influence work-life balance and well-being among self-employed men and women.

  • 46.
    Sjöström, Rita
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Alricsson, Marie
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Asplund, Ragnar
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Back to work - A two year outcome of a multidisciplinary rehabilitation programme focused on physical function and pain2009Ingår i: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 31, nr 3, s. 237-242Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose. To analyze why some responded positively to rehabilitation and why some did not. Method. Sixty participants with musculoskeletal disorders, mainly neck and back pain participated in a 7-week rehabilitation programme which was based on a combination of theoretical and practical education and physical activities. Before and after the programme and 6, 12 and 24 months after completion of the programme all participants were evaluated with the Disability Rating Index (DRI) and Pain Intensity Rating on a Visual analogue scale (VAS). Results. In the participants who had full-time sick leave from the start of the programme to the 2-year follow-up (Group I) self-experienced physical disability and pain ratings were high and showed no decrease and were maintained up until the 2-year follow-up. For the participants who had part-time sick leave or no sick leave (Group II) physical disability and pain ratings were initially lower than in Group I and decreased gradually, (p < 0.01) and (p < 0.05), respectively throughout the 2-year follow-up period. Conclusion. Participants in Group I did not benefit from the rehabilitation programme and did not show improvement in their physical disability and pain rating. Group II showed decreased physical disability and pain rating. The decrease was gradual and was maintained up until the 2-year follow-up period. These results may indicate that persons with musculoskeletal pain with severe disability and pain require other rehabilitation programmes than those with moderate symptoms. This research has highlighted the need for development of such programmes.

  • 47.
    Strandh, Mattias
    et al.
    Sociologiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, Sweden.
    Hammarström, Anne
    Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Umeå universitet, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Karina
    Sociologiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, Sweden.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Russel, Helen
    The Economic and Social Research Institute, Ireland.
    Unemployment, gender and mental health: The role of the gender regime2013Ingår i: Sociology of Health and Illness, ISSN 0141-9889, E-ISSN 1467-9566, Vol. 35, nr 5, s. 649-665Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Existing research suggests that gender differences in the effect of unemployment on mental health are related to the different positions and roles that are available for men and women in society and the family; roles that are connected with their different psychosocial and economic need for employment. The aim of this article is to analyse the role of gender in the relationship between unemployment and mental wellbeing in Sweden, representing a gender regime with a similar need for employment among women and men, and Ireland, representing a gender regime in which the need for employment differs between women and men. The results, based on longitudinal data from the two countries, show that unemployment was more negatively related to mental health among men than among women in Ireland, while men and women were equally affected by unemployment in Sweden. Factors related to the family and economic situation, as well as gendered selection into the unemployment population, explains the difference in mental health between unemployed men and women in Ireland. The overall conclusion is that the context has a major influence on the relationship between unemployment, gender and mental health.

  • 48. Strandh, Mattias
    et al.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    The interference of paid work with household demands in different social policy contexts: Perceived role conflicts in Sweden, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Hungary and the Czech Republic2006Ingår i: British Journal of Sociology, ISSN 0007-1315, Vol. 57, nr 4, s. 597-617Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The article explores whether people experiences a lower level of work�household conflict in a context that is characterized by extensive family policies (Sweden and to some extent Hungary and Czech Republic) aimed at facilitating participation in the labour market. This is done by studying perceived work�household conflict among women and men living in Sweden, the UK, the Netherlands, Hungary, and the Czech Republic. The analyses are based on the answers to a questionnaire distributed to nearly 6,000 randomly selected individuals within the framework of the European Union financed �Household, Work, and Flexibility� (HWF) study. The results show that women in Sweden experience conflicts between work and household demands to a higher degree than any other category in all five countries. The differences between Swedish women and women living in the Netherlands and the UK are explained by variables indicating qualifications and workload in the main job, but the lower degree of work�household conflict among Czech and Hungarian women is still significant when controlling for household composition and working conditions. Data indicate that a possible explanation for this can be found in the interplay between men�s and women�s attitudes toward gender roles and the actual situation in terms of division of labour.

  • 49.
    Svensson, Jessika
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Romild, Ulla
    Swedish National Institute of Public Health, Sweden.
    Månsdotter, Anna
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Gendered gambling domains and changes in Sweden2011Ingår i: International Gambling Studies, ISSN 1445-9795, E-ISSN 1479-4276, Vol. 11, nr 2, s. 193-211Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The study examines two Swedish replication prevalence studies (n = 10,000 and n = 15,000) with the aim of exploring evidence for a feminization of gambling in Sweden between 1997/1998 and 2008/2009. Gambling domains were classified based on the games' basic orientation towards strategy and chance, as well as on each game's setting in either a public place or a home environment. The criterion for a domain was that the respondent had gambled at least twice a month in any mode of gambling within the domain. Logistic regression analysis showed no signs of a feminization. Instead, the gender order in gambling seems to be reinforced. Preferences for the different types of domains were still highlygendered, despite the fact that men in 2008/2009 tended to gamble more on games of chance, especially in public places. The implications of the findings in relation to gender equality and constraints on women's leisure activities are further discussed. © 2011 Taylor & Francis.

  • 50.
    Toivanen, Susanna
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Hagqvist, Emma
    Stockholms universitet.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Östergren, Per-Olof
    Lunds universitet.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Mikroföretagares arbetsmiljö och hälsa med fokus på genus och etnicitet - innovationer för tillsyn2019Ingår i: Arbetsmiljö och ohälsa i ett genusperspektiv: Uppdragsforskning med relevans för tillsynsverksamheten, Stockholm: Arbetsmiljöverket , 2019, , s. 43-59s. 43-55Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
12 1 - 50 av 56
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