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  • 1.
    Bellman, Lina
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för ekonomivetenskap och juridik.
    Ekholm, Sara
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Giritli Nygren, Katarina
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Hemmingsson, Olov
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Jarnkvist, Karin
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Kvarnlöf, Linda
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Lundgren, Minna
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Olofsson, Anna
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    ֖hman, Peter
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för ekonomivetenskap och juridik.
    Climate Change, Insurance, and Households: A Literature Review2016Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 2.
    Danielsson, Erna
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Petridou, Evangelia
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Lundgren, Minna
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Olofsson, Anna
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Große, Christine
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för informationssystem och -teknologi.
    Röslmaier, Michael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Risk Communication: A Comparative Study of Eight EU Countries2018Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    How do EU member states communicate risks to their citizens? In this study, we define risk communication as the information provided by different levels of government to citizens regarding possible future crises. The questions serving as departure points for this study are as follows: How is the administrative system for risk communication set up in the countries studied? How the different risk communication campaigns are (provided that they exist) embedded in the larger administrative context? How is risk communication strategy formulated in each country and what kind of threats are emphasized? In order to tackle these questions, we examine the risk communication strategy of eight countries: Sweden, Finland, Germany, England, France, Estonia, Greece and Cyprus. Our data consist of governmental web sites, publications, campaigns, as well as other modes of communication, such as videos posted on YouTube, with questions centering on institutional actors, methods of delivery, content, and effectiveness. We acknowledge that risk communication aims at supporting vulnerable populations and evening out imbalances, but at the same time we flesh out the power dimension of risk. In our analysis, we search for reproduction of norms and social inequality in risk communication practices. The results show that some patterns emerge regarding the way different EU countries convey information to the public, but they do not hold strictly to geography or administrative system. Digital media are the foremost vehicle of risk communication and the message generally conveyed is geared towards traditional, middle class households with the main language of the country as their first language. Volunteer organizations are present in all the countries in question, though not at the same degree. The conveyance of “self-protection” guidelines implicitly places the responsibility of protection to the individual. The results also show that in some countries, materiality has become more prevalent than the social dimension of risk in the message the public sector conveys, and that there is a move from focusing on risk to focusing on security.

  • 3.
    Kolmodin, Sophie
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap.
    Lundgren, Minna
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap.
    Andersson, Caroline
    Preparing for climate change and hazards: Individual houseowners trust in local authorities and private entrepreneurs2019Ingår i: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, E-ISSN 2212-4209, Vol. 41, artikel-id 101277Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A changing climate that entails a growing number of hazards poses a challenge to communities across the world. Particularly exploited areas in mountain and maritime zones have become increasingly vulnerable. Homeowners in such areas has been identified as key actors in the pursuit of robust communities, though large groups of people tend to trust mainly in the risk management of local authorities. In order to achieve a better understanding in how individual homeowners address risks related to their properties and the ways in which they put their trust in the risk management in different actors, not only public authorities, we conducted interviews with homeowners in Sweden's largest ski resort, Åre, in recent years affected by an increasing number of landslides. The empirical findings show that households have different targets of trust during different stages of a crisis, which also aligns with previous research. While the respondents worried about the overall development in the area, their main concerns were related to their properties and how a harsher climate would affect their economic value. The homeowners furthermore expressed that their trust in the municipality and the local entrepreneur that runs the ski resort is low when it comes to crisis management. Yet rural populations in general are used to handle crises on their own, as assistance from authorities usually takes longer time. It is thus important that the municipality and local entrepreneurs assume responsibility not to jeopardize sustainability in future exploitations in the area in order to establish trust in relation to local homeowners. 

  • 4.
    Lundgren, Minna
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Avlägsen tillhörighet: Om skapande och upprätthållande av platstillhörighet bland georgiska internflyktingar från Abkhazien: Distant belongings: On the maintaining and creation of place attachment among Georgian IDPs from Abkhazia2014Ingår i: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, E-ISSN 1891-1773, Vol. 28, nr 3, s. 215-237Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Today nearly 250 000 people are displaced within Georgia as a result of armed ethnic conflicts in Abkhazia and South Ossetia in the 1990s and the Georgian-Russian war in 2008. During the time in displacement bonds to places of temporary living are created and new generations are born. At least one fifth of the internally displaced in Georgia are children and adolescents below 18 years of age. Many of them have never seen the homes in Abkhazia and South Ossetia where they are expected, by their parents and by the Georgian government, to return to if circumstances for return are created. The purpose of this article is to explore attitudes on belonging among Georgian IDP youth and their parents. How is attachment to a »native home» created and maintained over a protracted period of time when this place in general is inaccessible? The study of intergenerational value discrepancies among IDPs in Georgia is based on individual and group interviews with parents (n=19) and adolescents (n=39) living in the region bordering Abkhazia, conducted in February 2012. Research on migrants is generally based on segregated age groups; with its intergenerational scope, this study is therefore an important contribution to research on forcibly displaced populations.

  • 5.
    Lundgren, Minna
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Borders as Spaces of Risk: Power and Otherness along the Georgian-Abkhazian Boundary Line2016Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    While most research on borders and security issues is centred on preventing unwanted risk objects to enter the territory, this study departs from the opposite angle, and focuses on young migrants navigating the consequences of war and ethnic conflict.

    Around 50 000 ethnic Georgians have returned to southern Abkhazia after the 1992-93 conflict that caused the forced displacement of more than half of the population of the former autonomous Abkhazian republic. The Russian-Abkhazian border control along the administrative boundary line between Abkhazia and Georgia poses an obstacle to young people from returnee families who are studying in Georgia proper. This study, that builds on ethnographic fieldwork and five in-depth qualitative interviews with young people aged 18-25, aims to examine the strategies and practices employ to cross the border. To reach their homes in Abkhazia they need to navigate through riskscapes - landscapes or physical settings embedded with multiple layers of risk. Depending on their social positions (gender, ethnicity, citizenship, age) different riskscapes are unfolded. To handle riskscapes these young people change adopt preventive measures; they change routes and behavior. 

  • 6.
    Lundgren, Minna
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Boundaries of displacement: Belonging and Return among Forcibly Displaced Young Georgians from Abkhazia2016Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna avhandling undersöker konsekvenserna av gränser och gränsskapande för hur unga georgiska internflyktingar från Abkhazien förstår frågor om tillhörighet och återvändande. Jag utgår från teorier om hem och tillhörighet, liksom teorier om gränser och gränsskapande, och lokaliserar dem till geografier av osäkerhet – “riskscapes” – områden som karaktäriseras av konflikter och/eller ojämlikheter. Det datamaterial som ligger till grund för avhandlingen utgörs av två intervjustudier i Zugdidi nära gränsen till Abkhazien; och en enkätstudie som genomfördes i Zugdidi och i den georgiska huvudstaden Tbilisi. Materialet har analyserats genom användande av både kvalitativa och kvantitativa metoder.

     

    Avhandlingens respondenter utgör inte en homogen grupp. Några respondenter har familj och släktingar som bor i Abkhazien eller har delvis växt upp i området, medan andra aldrig ens varit där. Det primära målet för den georgiska regeringen har varit att internflyktingarna ska återvända till sina hem, och regeringens ansträngningar för integration i lokalsamhället har länge varit otillräckliga. Det saknas fredsavtal och bristen på säkerhet förhindrar återvändande i stor skala. Trots de ökade gränskontroller som gjort det svårt att korsa de facto gränslinjen tar sig en del ungdomar ändå over gränsen. Genom att göra detta bestrider de både de abkhaziska de facto myndigheterna och gränsen som symbol för separation och åtskillnad, medan de hävdar sin rätt att känna tillhörighet till Abkhazien. Att ha ett hus och sociala relationer i Abkhazien bidrar till emotionella band och en starkare uppmaning till att återvända. Å andra sidan kan erfarenheterna av vardagens umbäranden inne i Abkhazien resultera i att unga människor inte ser återvändande som ett tänkbart alternativ. Ungdomar som aldrig varit i Abkhazien är beroende av andra människors minnen och politiska diskurser för att skapa känslomässiga band och tankar om återvändande till det område deras föräldrar har flytt från. Resultat från den kvantitativa undersökningen visar vidare att ungdomar som bor i Tbilisi, närmare Georgiens politiska centrum, i högre grad anger att de har för avsikt att återvända än deras jämnåriga i Tbilisi. Ungdomars erfarenheter av vardagslivet i sina nuvarande bostäder i relativ stabilitet bidrar emellertid till att skapa känslomässiga band till den aktuella bostadsorten. Dessa erfarenheter utmanar på så vis både de kollektiva processerna och erfarenheter från Abkhazien när det gäller att upprätthålla drömmen om återvändande.

     

    Avhandlingen bidrar med insikter om konsekvenser av krig och konflikter för människors vardagsliv. Mer specifikt belyser jag hur avhandlingens unga respondenter lever i en sorts rumsligt och temporalt gränsland mellan det förflutna och framtiden och mellan Georgien och Abkhazien, och detta gränsland kännetecknas av osäkerhet. Praktiker av isärhållande och segregering är konstituerande för de gränser som genomsyrar internflyktingungdomarnas erfarenheter. Dessa gränser är dessutom situerade i ”riskscapes” av ifrågasatta tillhörigheter, som gör gränslandet mer eller mindre stabilt för olika grupper av internflyktingar. Avhandlingen bidrar med en ökad förståelse för hur politiska ambitioner och personliga drömmar om återvändande håller kvar människor i instabilitet och osäkerhet så länge återvändandet inte är möjligt. 

  • 7.
    Lundgren, Minna
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Crossing the border: An intergenerational study on belonging and temporary return among IDPs from Abkhazia2015Ingår i: Security, Democracy and Development in the Southern Caucasus and the Black Sea Region / [ed] Nodia, Ghia; Stefes, Christoph H., Bern, Frankfurt am Main, Berlin, Bruxelles, New York, Oxford, Wien: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2015, s. 229-248Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    More than 250 000 people are displaced within the borders of Georgia today. The majority of the displaced fled the armed ethnic conflicts in Abkhazia in the 1990s. The administrative boundary line between Georgia and Abkhazia has, in effect, turned into a de facto state border but Georgians displaced from Abkhazia have continued to cross the boundary to enter Abkhazia for longer or shorter durations. This study addresses the motives for crossing the boundary and its significance for how people understand their belonging.

  • 8.
    Lundgren, Minna
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Crossing the Border: An Inter-generational Study on Belonging and Temporary Return among IDPs from Abkhazia2012Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9.
    Lundgren, Minna
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Crossing  the  Border: An Intergenerational Study on Belonging and Temporary Returns among Internally Displaced from Abkhazia2013Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 10.
    Lundgren, Minna
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Distant Belongings: On Maintaining and Creation of Attachment to a Place Distant in Time and Space2014Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 11.
    Lundgren, Minna
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Everyday life and risk in an unresolved conflict zone: the case of Abkhazia2015Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 12.
    Lundgren, Minna
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Everyday life and risk in unrecognized space2015Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 13.
    Lundgren, Minna
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Micro-Level Research in the Unresolved Conflict Zone: Methodological and Ethical Implications2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this presentation I will draw on several years of explorative research into everyday lives in Abkhazia. While the vast majority of research on the de facto states is focused on the frozen conflicts and their resolution, their juridical status as well as both internal and external political relations; examples of scholarly studies analyzing micro level aspects of everyday life inside these areas are few. We can imagine that living in a de facto state has its specific characteristics related to consequences deriving from as well unresolved conflict as economic and political isolation. Knowledge about everyday life in Abkhazia originates mainly from online news media and NGO reports. In the latter, economic hardship, the lack of personal security and arbitrary treatment by local authorities is stressed as the most common threats to human wellbeing. Furthermore, these reports often focus on human rights, an important but in effect not particularly analytical approach.  

    This presentation therefore aims to offer a critical alternative to news and NGO reporting by exploring how unrecognition and unresolved conflict are embodied in the everyday life experiences of Abkhazian residents. The empirical material derives from fieldwork in Gagra, Gal(i) and Sukhum(i) in 2014, 2015 and 2017 and includes interviews with respondents from the major ethnic groups in Abkhazia. I suggest that through the use of intersectional risk theory we can discern how lingering tensions and structural inequalities between different groups result in, among other things, differing patterns of mobility and unequal life chances. Moreover this presentation addresses the very conditions for doing research that involves ordinary residents inside Abkhazia and that also implies both ethical and methodological challenges, along with difficulties of access.

  • 14.
    Lundgren, Minna
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Personal risk perception and experiences of risk among Georgian youth in Gali district, Abkhazia2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Scholarly research and reports from international organizations underline the lack of security as one of the major problems in current day breakaway region of Abkhazia. Most ethnic Georgians left Abkhazia due to the armed conflict in 1992-93, but around 46 000 have returned, mainly to the Gali district in southern Abkhazia, on a more or less permanent basis. Lack of personal security along with arbitrary treatment by local legal authorities is mentioned as some of the most common violations of human rights of ethnic Georgians in Gali. Being Georgian in Abkhazia is thus related to risk, if we interpret risk as something that might entail considerable personal consequences. However, perceptions of risks are often subjective and depend on individual experiences. This study addresses the perception of personal risks among young Georgians with recent experiences of living in Abkhazia. What do they experience as risks inside Abkhazia? How are risks experienced? What are their motives for risky behavior or actions? The study is based on six in-depth qualitative interviews along with a focus group interview with young Georgians (aged 18-30) with recent experience of living in Abkhazia. Some respondents commute between Gali and Zugdidi for studies on a daily or weekly basis, whereas others recently moved to other parts of Georgia after living a longer period in Abkhazia. The interviews were conducted in Zugdidi and Tbilisi in May 2014. The results show that there are differences in risk perception among the respondents. The differences mainly depend on gender and/or respondent’s legal status in Abkhazia. Despite the risks, some respondents nonetheless plan a future permanently living in Abkhazia. This sociological study of risk contributes to research on individual risk perception and motives for risk behavior in zones of conflict and ethnic dispute.

  • 15.
    Lundgren, Minna
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Place matters: return intentions among forcibly displaced young Georgians from Abkhazia living in Tbilisi and Zugdidi2016Ingår i: Caucasus survey, ISSN 2376-1199, E-ISSN 2376-1202, Vol. 4, nr 2, s. 129-148Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Around 250,000 people are internally displaced within Georgia today as a consequence of violent conflicts in Abkhazia and South Ossetia in the early 1990s and the Georgian-Russian war in 2008. The majority of the internally displaced persons originate from Abkhazia, which declared independence in 1999. While the conflict is still unresolved, the majority of those who fled remain displaced, most of them living in the vicinity of the capital Tbilisi, or in Zugdidi and the Samegrelo region bordering Abkhazia. The aim of this article is to study actors that impact on young people’s intentions to return to Abkhazia, with a focus on youth presently living in the Tbilisi and Zugdidi areas. The study is based on a quantitative survey (n = 131) with youth aged 18–25 years, who were displaced when very young, or who were born in displacement, have few or no memories of prior residences, and may have different opinions on returning from their parents. A chi-square analysis was used to measure differences among the respondents’ intentions to return permanently to Abkhazia within five years, in relation to their reasons for returning and factors in the past and the present. There was a significant association between return intentions and the current place of residence (Tbilisi or Zugdidi), with Tbilisi respondents more inclined towards return. Separate chi-square analyses for the two cities showed that different factors (birthplace, property in Abkhazia, socio-economic conditions, reasons for return and so on) have different impact on the return intentions of the respondents from the two cities, which allows us to conclude that place matters in thinking about post-conflict return trajectories.

  • 16.
    Lundgren, Minna
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Rasism mot samer på SVT Jämtlands Facebooksida2017Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Den 16 mars öppnade utställningen ”Vad ska bort – främlingsfientlighet, rasism eller kolonialism?” på församlingshemmet i Funäsdalen i samband med de samiska fest- och kulturdagarna 2017. 

    I utställningen, som satts samman av stiftelsen Gaaltije Sydsamiskt kulturcentrum, åskådliggörs den samiska situationen i det svenska kolonialsamhället i dag, och baseras på skildringar från traditionella massmedier, sociala medier samt styrregler och andra officiella dokument och skrifter. 

    Den visar många exempel på den rasism som direkt riktas mot samer i dag. Samtidigt pågår normalisering av rasism i medierna. 

    Ett färskt exempel är när SVT Jämtland på eftermiddagen 15 mars publicerade ett inslag på sin Facebooksida som handlade om problemen för Tossåsens sameby med vargar i renbeteslandet. 

    Nästan i samma stund som inslaget publicerats började rasistiska kommentarer mot samer förekomma i kommentarsfältet. 

    Vi är kritiska till SVT:s redaktörskap när sådana kommentarer tillåts ligga uppe, då administratören för FB-sidan inte snabbt gick in och markerade vilka regler som gäller för deras kommentarsfält, på ett sätt så att rasistiska kommentarer kan stoppas. 

    Detta är ett exempel på normalisering av rasism mot samer i statliga medier. 

    Efter att kommentarerna legat kvar på sidan i cirka ett dygn uppmärksammade vi den ansvariga utgivaren på tonen i kommentarsfälten. Några av de grövre rasistiska kommentarerna togs bort, men nedvärderande kommentarer mot samer ligger fortsatt kvar. 

    Som vi ser det finns det stor anledning för SVT Jämtland att, utifrån kunskap om hur rasism normaliseras i samhället, kritiskt granska sitt eget utgivar- och administratörsansvar.

    Angelika Sjöstedt Landén 

    Minna Lundgren

    lektorer och forskare vid avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap, Mittuniversitetet

  • 17.
    Lundgren, Minna
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Riskscapes: Strategies and Practices along the Georgian-Abkhazian Boundary Line2016Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    While most research on borders and security issues is centred on preventing unwanted risk objects to enter the territory, this study departs from the opposite angle, and focuses on young migrants navigating the consequences of war and ethnic conflict.

    Around 50 000 ethnic Georgians have returned to southern Abkhazia after the 1992-93 conflict that caused the forced displacement of more than half of the population of the former autonomous Abkhazian republic. The Russian-Abkhazian border control along the administrative boundary line between Abkhazia and Georgia poses an obstacle to young people from returnee families who are studying in Georgia proper. This study, that builds on ethnographic fieldwork and five in-depth qualitative interviews with young people aged 18-25, aims to examine the strategies and practices employ to cross the border. To reach their homes in Abkhazia they need to navigate through riskscapes - landscapes or physical settings embedded with multiple layers of risk. Depending on their social positions (gender, ethnicity, citizenship, age) different riskscapes are unfolded. To handle riskscapes these young people change adopt preventive measures; they change routes and behavior. 

  • 18.
    Lundgren, Minna
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Riskscapes: Strategies and practices along the Georgian-Abkhazian boundary line and inside Abkhazia2018Ingår i: Journal of Borderlands Studies, ISSN 0886-5655, E-ISSN 2159-1229, Vol. 33, nr 4, s. 637-654Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Georgian–Abkhazian war in 1992–1993 caused the forced displacement of around half of the population of the former autonomous Abkhazian republic. Over 200,000 of them were ethnic Georgians, out of whom at least 46,000 have returned mainly to southern Abkhazia. Abkhazia today functions as a de facto independent state, and the Russian–Abkhazian border control along the administrative boundary line between Abkhazia and Georgia poses an obstacle to young people from returnee families who are studying in Georgia proper and want to visit their families in Abkhazia. This study focuses on young migrants navigating the consequences of war and ethnic conflict on human mobility in the border area. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork and five in-depth qualitative interviews with young people aged 18–25 years, the aim is to examine the strategies and practices that the young respondents employ to cross the border. To reach their homes in Abkhazia they need to navigate through riskscapes—landscapes or physical settings embedded with multiple layers of risk. Depending on their social positions (gender, ethnicity, citizenship, age) different riskscapes are unfolded. To handle riskscapes these young people adopt preventive measures; they change routes and behavior.

  • 19.
    Lundgren, Minna
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Röster om krig2016Ingår i: Makten att berätta: om tal och tystnad i tid och rum / [ed] Karin Jarnkvist & Anna Molin, Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University , 2016, s. 93-104Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 20.
    Lundgren, Minna
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Tourism in Contested Abkhazia: Internal Peace and External Challenges2016Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The demise of the Soviet Union brought fifteen new independent states, but also a number of ethno-territorial conflicts. One of those conflicts occured in Abkhazia, a former autonomous republic within the Georgian SSR and a popular tourist paradise. The war against Georgia in 1992-93 caused the displacement of most of the ethnic Georgians along with other non-Abkhaz minority groups, and infrastructure and tourism industry were heavily damaged.

     

    The development of tourism industry in Abkhazia started after Russia conquered the Caucasus from the Ottoman Empire. Located on the Black Sea coast and the western end of the Greater Caucasus Mountain Ridge, Abkhazia offered both seaside and fresh mountain air to an increasing Russian middle class. Mountain camps, seaside resorts and spas were built to give imperial tourists a convenient introduction to the exotic Abkhazia. Many Russian intellectuals and politicians spent their summers in Akbhazia. This tradition continued during Soviet times; some of the prominent officials from the Communist Party had dachas on secluded spots along the coast. Intellectuals from different disciplines gathered in the capital Sukhumi during the warm season. Apart from the natural beauty of Abkhazia, Soviet era tourism in the region was furthermore focused on displaying a socialist paradise, a theme also depicted in both movies and litterature.

     

    During the first ten years after the war against Georgia Abkhazia was under a world wide trade embargo that was lifted only by Russia in 2004. The lifting of the embargo along with Russia recognizing Abkhazian independence in 2008 brought along investments and a return of Russian tourists. Infrastructure and tourist attractions were restored, and opportunities for employment and small businesses improved. Due to the difficulties to access Abkhazia, the de facto government has also put an effort in developing opportunities for virtual tourism, where the beauty of the area can be experienced on distance through texts, photos and videos. Within this project Abkhazian pre-Soviet history is portayed as cosmopolitan, at the cross-roads of empires. An area where people from several ethnic groups lived and contributed to trade and culture. In the post-Soviet narrative however, the multiethnic society of current as well as Soviet days is rarely mentioned. Abkhazian space is highly politicized and focused on an inherent Abkhazianness. While the dachas of communist officials has been either privatized or turned into tourist attractions, the Soviet past is otherwise rarely present in current Abkhazian narratives. The restauration of tourism industry in Abkhazia has contributed to social development and thus to inner stability, and moreover also to resilience in relation to external threats. On the other hand, the current Abkhazian narrative reinforces a conflict oriented perspective promoting ethnic Abkhaz and omitting other ethnic groups. The aim of this presentation is to discuss the possibilities for Abkhazian tourism industry to contribute to a lasting stability and peaceful development in the region. 

  • 21.
    Lundgren, Minna
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Welcome Refugees? Syrian Repatriates in Abkhazia2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    At the time when Abkhazia was incorporated into the Russian Empire in the 1860s many Muslim Abkhaz, Muhaiirs, were driven out and found refuge notably in Turkey but also in Syria and Jordan. These diaspora Abkhaz have been subject to a repatriation campaign initiated by the Abkhazian de facto authorities in the aftermath of the war against Georgia in 1992-93 that radically altered the demographic situation of the territory. More than half of the population fled the territory, among them most of the ethnic Georgians. The most recent population census, the result of which have been questioned, gives that by early 2011, more than 50 per cent of the 240 000 people living in Abkhazia are ethnic Abkhaz. Yet the Abkhazian authorities de facto authorities aim to retain and strengthen the position of dominant ethnicity through the demographic change that migration has created to their benefit and by encouraging repatriation of ethnic Abkhaz living in other parts of the world. While some diasporic Abkhaz resettled in Abkhazia during the 1990s, economic hardship and the difficulties to integrate within the war torn Abkhazian society, led to a repeated emigration from their ancestral homeland. However the current situation of war and turmoil in Syria has seen a new influx of people with Abkhaz roots, accompanied by a repatriation and integration programme consisting of accommodation, language classes, food and monthly monetary allowances.

     

    Whereas Abkhazian authorities view these people as repatriates, they are considered refugees in accordance with international humanitarian law. While many Western countries slightly reluctantly accept Syrian refugees and asylum seekers into their territories, the Abkhazian authorities officially views the act of welcoming Syrian refugees with Abkhazian ancestry as both an act of solidarity and a homecoming. People claiming an ethnic Abkhaz identity are generally accepted as Abkhazian citizens. But are these Syrian Abkhaz actually allowed to “belong” among other Abkhazian citizens? What are the foundations of their experiences of belonging in Abkhazia? This study builds on interviews with Abkhazian officials, NGO workers, local Abkhazians and Syrian repatriates living in or around the Abkhazian capital Sukhum(i). Drawing on Nira Yuval-Davis’ theories on the politics of belonging as situated temporally, spatially and intersectionally, the respondents’ views on and experiences of belonging in Abkhazia are analysed in conjunction with current historical, political and economic processes. The result shows that there are group specific differences concerning the views on diasporic Abkhaz in Abkhazia. These views largely correspond to the respondents various positions in relation to political power and influence in Abkhazia, and their interests in retaining the dominant position of ethnic Abkhaz inside Abkhazia, or on competing for resources (livelihoods, state subsidies etc.). 

  • 22.
    Lundgren, Minna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet.
    Blom, Björn
    Morén, Stefan
    Perlinski, Marek
    Från integrering till specialisering: om organisering av socialtjänstens individ- och familjeomsorg 1988-20082009Ingår i: Socialvetenskaplig Tidskrift, nr 2, s. 162-183Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 23.
    Lundgren, Minna
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Lidén, Gustav
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Not in my backyard: Integration and xenophobia in a local housing project in Östersund2018Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 24.
    Lundgren, Minna
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Sjöstedt Landén, Angelika
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Olofsson, Anna
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Jonsson, Ummmis
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för socialt arbete.
    #miunjubfest - att berätta en historia och att skriva historien2016Ingår i: Makten att berätta: om tal och tystnad i tid och rum / [ed] Karin Jarnkvist & Anna Molin, Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University , 2016, s. 24-31Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 25. Morén, Stefan
    et al.
    Blom, Björn
    Lundgren, Minna
    Umeå universitet.
    Perlinski, Marek
    Specialisering eller integration?: En studie av socialarbetares syn på arbetsvillkor och insatser i tre organisationsformer2010Ingår i: Socialvetenskaplig Tidskrift, nr 2, s. 189-209Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 26. Perlinski, Marek
    et al.
    Blom, Björn
    Morén, Stefan
    Lundgren, Minna
    Umeå universitet.
    The dialectics between specialization and integration: Politicians' and managers' views on forms of organization in the Swedish social services2011Ingår i: Administration in Social Work, ISSN 0364-3107, E-ISSN 1544-4376, Vol. 35, nr 1, s. 60-87Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 27.
    Petridou, Evangelia
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap.
    Olofsson, Anna
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap.
    Lundgren, Minna
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap.
    Große, Christine
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationssystem och –teknologi.
    If Crisis or War Comes: A Study of Risk Communication of Eight European Union Member States2019Ingår i: Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research, ISSN 2576-0025, Vol. 2, nr 2, s. 207-232Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    How do European Union (EU) member states communicate risks to their citizens? In this study, we define risk communication as the information provided by different levels of government to citizens regarding possible future crises to which the general public might be subjected. We seek to answer the following questions: Are there any patterns in the risk communication strategies among EU member states in terms of the sender of information, the message conveyed, the method used, and the intended audience? Finally, to what extent is the state involved in ensuring the safety of its citizens? To tackle these questions, we examine the risk communication strategy of eight countries: Sweden, Finland, Germany, England, France, Estonia, Greece, and Cyprus. Our data consist of governmental web sites, publications, campaigns, and other modes of communication, such as videos posted on YouTube, with questions centering on institutional actors, methods of delivery, content, and effectiveness. We find that the institutional architecture of risk communication aligns with the broad administrative system of each member state. Countries tend to focus on risks that are specific to their context, with Sweden and, to a lesser extent, Germany having a special focus on consequences and providing guidelines to the public on how to survive for a certain period of time in the absence of the state. Especially in Sweden, though the state is a salient actor in risk communication through the dissemination of information at the agency level, the state retreats while urging the resilient citizen to take control of his or her own crisis management.

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